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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505248/lactobacilli-lactoferrin-interplay-in-chlamydia-trachomatis-infection
#1
Rosa Sessa, Marisa Di Pietro, Simone Filardo, Alessia Bressan, Paola Mastromarino, Alessandra Vittoria Biasucci, Luigi Rosa, Antimo Cutone, Francesca Berlutti, Rosalba Paesano, Piera Valenti
In the cervico-vaginal micro-environment, lactobacilli are known to protect against genital infections and, amongst the host defence compounds, lactoferrin has recently acquired importance for its anti-microbial and anti-inflammatory properties. An abnormal genital micro-environment facilitates the acquisition of pathogens like Chlamydia trachomatis, the leading cause of bacterial sexually transmitted infections worldwide. The aim of our study is to investigate the effects of Lactobacillus crispatus, Lactobacillus brevis and bovine lactoferrin on chlamydial infection, in order to shed light on the complex interplay between host defence mechanisms and C...
May 15, 2017: Pathogens and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502967/neck-and-occipital-pain-caused-by-deep-cervical-intramuscular-lipoma-a-surgical-case
#2
Kazunari Kogure, Michio Yamazaki, Tomonori Tamaki, Yoji Node, Akio Morita
A lipoma is a slow-growing, benign tumor and is usually asymptomatic; hence, surgical intervention can often be avoided in patients with these tumors in the cervical and cranial area. Lipomas arise most commonly in the subcutaneous fat, but occasionally in muscle tissue. Intramuscular lipomas in the cervico-cranial area have rarely been reported. We describe here a patient with a large intramuscular lipoma in the deep cervical tissue. The patient experienced troublesome pain in the neck and occipital area, and surgical treatment was therefore suggested...
2017: Journal of Nippon Medical School, Nippon Ika Daigaku Zasshi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487113/a-technique-to-positively-identify-the-vaginal-fornices-during-complicated-postpartum-hysterectomy
#3
Michael A Belfort, Alireza A Shamshirsaz, Karin A Fox
The frequency of cesarean hysterectomy is increasing, predominantly driven by an increased incidence of morbidly adherent placenta (MAP) associated with prior cesarean section with or without placenta previa. Most cases of MAP are located anteriorly with involvement of the bladder. The lower uterine segment in increta and percreta cases is frequently thinned and deformed, with extensive vascular supply to the bulging placenta. This deformation of the lower segment makes identification of the cervico-vaginal interface and vaginal fornices difficult...
May 6, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481279/oral-mucositis-melatonin-gel-an-effective-new-treatment
#4
REVIEW
Ahmed Esmat Abdel Moneim, Ana Guerra-Librero, Javier Florido, Ying-Qiang Shen, Beatriz Fernández-Gil, Darío Acuña-Castroviejo, Germaine Escames
The current treatment for cervico-facial cancer involves radio and/or chemotherapy. Unfortunately, cancer therapies can lead to local and systemic complications such as mucositis, which is the most common dose-dependent complication in the oral cavity and gastrointestinal tract. Mucositis can cause a considerably reduced quality of life in cancer patients already suffering from physical and psychological exhaustion. However, the role of melatonin in the treatment of mucositis has recently been investigated, and offers an effective alternative therapy in the prevention and/or management of radio and/or chemotherapy-induced mucositis...
May 7, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480132/osteology-of-galeamopus-pabsti-sp-nov-sauropoda-diplodocidae-with-implications-for-neurocentral-closure-timing-and-the-cervico-dorsal-transition-in-diplodocids
#5
Emanuel Tschopp, Octávio Mateus
Diplodocids are among the best known sauropod dinosaurs. Numerous specimens of currently 15 accepted species belonging to ten genera have been reported from the Late Jurassic to Early Cretaceous of North and South America, Europe, and Africa. The highest diversity is known from the Upper Jurassic Morrison Formation of the western United States: a recent review recognized 12 valid, named species, and possibly three additional, yet unnamed ones. One of these is herein described in detail and referred to the genus Galeamopus...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480101/cervical-necrotizing-fasciitis-a-potentially-fatal-disease-with-varied-etiology
#6
T O Abdurrazaq, A A Ibikunle, R O Braimah
Necrotizing fasciitis was recognized centuries ago by physicians. It is a rapidly progressive and potentially fatal soft-tissue infection that is typified by soft-tissue necrosis, especially affecting the subcutaneous tissues and fascia. Cervico-facial necrotizing fasciitis is said to be uncommon, but when it occurs, it is often of odontogenic origin and has severe consequences if not promptly treated. Possible underlying systemic diseases and the source of infection should be addressed and treated appropriately...
July 2016: Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472501/secondary-graft-oesophageal-fistula-after-total-arch-replacement%C3%A2
#7
Ken Yamanaka, Norihiko Shiiya, Naoki Washiyama, Masanori Sato
Secondary graft-oesophageal fistula is a fatal complication of aortic arch replacement. We report a successful two-stage surgical management of a graft-oesophageal fistula seen in a 68-year-old woman 3 years after total aortic arch replacement. She presented with a prolonged intractable fever without haematemesis. The fistula occurred between the distal aortic anastomosis and oesophagus; the entire graft was surrounded by air. In the first-stage operation, we performed re-replacement of the entire infected graft, oesophagectomy with cervical oesophagostomy, omental transfer and cervical routing of the stomach roll, through an extended left thoracotomy incision with sternal transection...
May 2, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456670/there-is-no-increased-risk-of-adjacent-segment-disease-at-the-cervico-thoracic-junction-following-an-anterior-cervical-discectomy-and-fusion-to-c7
#8
Philip K Louie, Steven M Presciutti, Stephanie E Iantorno, Daniel D Bohl, Kevin Shah, Grant D Shifflett, Howard S An
BACKGROUND: Anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) is a very common operative intervention for the treatment of cervical spine degenerative disease in those who have failed non-operative measures. However, studies examining long-term follow up on patients who underwent ACDF reveal evidence of radiographic and clinical degenerative disc disease at the levels adjacent to the fusion construct. Consistent with other junctional regions of the spine, the cervicothoracic junction (CTJ) has significant morphological variations...
April 26, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451020/foramen-magnum-meningioma-s-management-the-experience-of-the-department-of-neurosurgery-in-marrakesh
#9
Farouk Hajhouji, Mohammed Lmejjati, Khalid Aniba, Mehdi Laghmari, Houssine Ghannane, Said Ait Benali
Our study is a retrospective analysis of the clinical data, surgical outcomes, histological finding and prognosis of foramen magnum meningiomas through a serie of 8 cases operated at the department of neurosurgery at Mohammed VI medical university hospital, Marrakesh. From January 2002 to December 2015. There were 3 male and 5 female patients (mean age, 46.75 years). Cervico-occipital pain (100%) and motor deficit (100%) were the most common presenting symptoms. MRI was the most appropriate diagnostic tool in visualizing tumors of this region...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448859/evolution-of-the-methodological-quality-of-controlled-clinical-trials-for-myofascial-trigger-point-treatments-for-the-period-1978-2015-a-systematic-review
#10
Rahel Stoop, Ron Clijsen, Diego Leoni, Emiliano Soldini, Greta Castellini, Valentina Redaelli, Marco Barbero
BACKGROUND: The methodological quality of controlled clinical trials (CCTs) of physiotherapeutic treatment modalities for myofascial trigger points (MTrP) has not been investigated yet. OBJECTIVES: To detect the methodological quality of CCTs for physiotherapy treatments of MTrPs and demonstrating the possible increase over time. DESIGN: Systematic review. METHODS: A systematic search was conducted in two databases, Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro) and Medicine Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System online (MEDLINE), using the same keywords and selection procedure corresponding to pre-defined inclusion criteria...
April 18, 2017: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431628/clinical-and-quantitative-analysis-of-patients-with-crowned-dens-syndrome
#11
Teruyuki Takahashi, Masato Tamura, Toshiaki Takasu, Satoshi Kamei
BACKGROUND: Crowned dens syndrome (CDS) is a radioclinical entity defined by calcium deposition on the transverse ligament of atlas (TLA). In this study, the novel semi-quantitative diagnostic criteria for CDS to evaluate the degree of calcification on TLA by cervical CT are proposed. METHOD: From January 2010 to September 2014, 35 patients who were diagnosed with CDS by cervical CT were adopted as subjects in this study. Based on novel criteria, calcium deposition on TLA was classified into "Stage" and "Grade", to make a score, which was evaluated semi-quantitatively...
May 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427976/posterior-multilevel-instrumentation-of-the-lower-cervical-spine-is-bridging-the-cervico-thoracic-junction-necessary
#12
Georg Osterhoff, Yu-Mi Ryang, Judith von Oelhafen, Bernhard Meyer, Florian Ringel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 17, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413545/bilateral-cervico-dorsal-gossypiboma-presenting-as-discharging-sinus
#13
Sushil Kumar, Pooja Abbey, Amit Handa
Retained surgical sponge is an uncommon complication after laminectomy. A 67-year-old male presented with a discharging sinus in the cervical region following cervical laminectomy. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed bilateral symmetrical lesions in the paraspinal area. Re-exploration revealed gauze pieces on either side under the muscle. Persistent discharging wound after surgery should arouse the possibility of a foreign body. Because of the rarity of bilateral lesions, the present case is being reported...
January 2017: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403957/effectiveness-of-elective-cervical-cerclage-according-to-obstetric-history
#14
D Korb, P Marzouk, J Deu, J-F Oury, O Sibony
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness of elective history-indicated cervical cerclage according to obstetrical history. STUDY DESIGN: We analyzed pregnancy outcome of a retrospective cohort of women who have had history-indicated McDonald's cerclage. Principal outcome was gestational age (GA) at delivery. RESULT: Between January 2003 and December 2013, 205 women were included. We analyzed population in two risk groups: 1- Low-risk (≤2 prior preterm birth (PTB)/second trimester loss (STL), or prior success of cerclage), 2- High risk (≥3 prior PTB/STL, or prior failure of cerclage)...
January 2017: J Gynecol Obstet Hum Reprod
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390142/genotypic-diversity-of-anogenital-human-papillomavirus-in-women-attending-cervical-cancer-screening-in-harare-zimbabwe
#15
Racheal S Dube Mandishora, Irene Kraus Christiansen, Nyasha Chin'ombe, Kerina Duri, Bernard Ngara, Trine B Rounge, Roger Meisal, Ole Herman Ambur, Joel M Palefsky, Babill Stray-Pedersen, Zvavahera M Chirenje
BACKGROUND: Although anogenital cancers have been on a gradual rise in developing countries in the past few decades, they have been understudied. OBJECTIVE: To investigate genotypic diversity of anogenital HPV amongst women reporting for routine cervical cancer screening in Harare in Zimbabwe. METHODS: A cross sectional study that enrolled 144 women ≥18 years from a cervical cancer-screening clinic was performed. Each woman provided a self-collected cervico-vaginal swab (VS) and a clinician collected anal swab (CCAS)...
April 8, 2017: Journal of Medical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387106/-when-an-encircling-aortic-arch-anomaly-hides-behind-respiratory-and-digestive-symptoms-in-children
#16
M Solowianiuk, C Soulatges, N Farhat, J Holzki, M-C Seghaye
Aortic arch anomalies are relatively frequent and account for 15 to 20 % of all congenital cardiovascular malformations. They can be discovered in case of symptoms of airway or esophageal compression such as dysphagia, chronic cough, stridor, wheezing and recurrent respiratory infections. We report the cases of two children with encircling aortic arch anomaly. The 3-year-old boy had complained of chronic respiratory symptoms such as laryngitis and asthma since the age of 4 months. The 20-month-old boy presented with inter-mittent stridor, dysphagia and frequent vomiting...
November 2016: Revue Médicale de Liège
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378185/cervico-mental-angle-suspensory-ligament-the-keystone-to-understand-the-cervico-mental-angle-and-the-ageing-process-of-the-neck
#17
Daniel Labbé, Cynthia Souza Martins Rocha, Franklin de Souza Rocha
The authors performed cadaveric dissections to investigate the existence of an anatomical structure creating and maintaining the cervical mental angle, aiming to understand the anatomical bases of the cervico-mental angle and its modifications over time. Six fresh cadaver dissections were performed; four were done in the Caen University anatomy laboratory one in Paris XV University and one in the Coventry University hospital, England. At the end of this investigation, the authors were able to demonstrate the existence of an anatomical structure in the neck, the cervico-mental angle suspensory ligament...
April 4, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377250/acute-spinal-epidural-hematoma-after-acupuncture-personal-case-and-literature-review
#18
Maurizio Domenicucci, Daniele Marruzzo, Alessandro Pesce, Antonino Raco, Paolo Missori
BACKGROUND: Spinal acupuncture is a relatively safe and common analgesic treatment, but it may be complicated by serious adverse effects, such as direct spinal cord and nerve root injury, subdural empyema, and epidural abscesses. In this report we compare our case of an extremely uncommon spinal epidural hematoma, which appeared after treatment by acupuncture, with other similar documented cases. CASE DESCRIPTION: This is the case of a 64-year-old man who presented a left hemiparesis associated with paraesthesia...
April 2, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368524/the-health-impact-of-adult-cervical-deformity-in-patients-presenting-for-surgical-treatment-comparison-to-united-states-population-norms-and-chronic-disease-states-based-on-the-euroquol-5-dimensions-questionnaire
#19
Justin S Smith, Breton Line, Shay Bess, Christopher I Shaffrey, Han Jo Kim, Gregory Mundis, Justin K Scheer, Eric Klineberg, Michael O'Brien, Richard Hostin, Munish Gupta, Alan Daniels, Michael Kelly, Jeffrey L Gum, Frank J Schwab, Virginie Lafage, Renaud Lafage, Tamir Ailon, Peter Passias, Themistocles Protopsaltis, Todd J Albert, K Daniel Riew, Robert Hart, Doug Burton, Vedat Deviren, Christopher P Ames, International Spine Study Group
BACKGROUND: Although adult cervical spine deformity (ACSD) is associated with pain and disability, its health impact has not been quantified in comparison to other chronic diseases. OBJECTIVE: To perform a comparative analysis of the health impact of symptomatic ACSD to US normative and chronic disease values using EQ-5D (EuroQuol-5 Dimensions questionnaire) scores. METHODS: ACSD patients presenting for surgical treatment were identified from a prospectively collected multicenter database...
March 24, 2017: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350964/promoting-vaginal-distribution-of-e7-and-mcl-1-sirna-silencing-nanoparticles-for-cervical-cancer-treatment
#20
Anna Lechanteur, Tania Furst, Brigitte Evrard, Philippe Delvenne, Géraldine Piel, Pascale Hubert
There is an urgent need to develop a less aggressive and more effective treatment against cervical lesions induced by different high-risk human papillomavirus (HR-HPV). We investigated the potential of a cocktail of small interfering RNA (siRNA) directed against the oncoprotein E6 (E6), the oncoprotein E7 (E7), or the antiapoptotic protein MCL-1 (MCL-1). The combination of siRNA anti-E7 and anti-MCL-1 demonstrated high efficacy on multiple HPV16 and HPV18 cell lines and no effects on healthy keratinocytes. This gene therapy has been considered for a vaginal administration since this route of application holds high potential for the treatment of diseases in the female reproductive tracts...
April 7, 2017: Molecular Pharmaceutics
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