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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088173/high-risk-human-papillomavirus-infection-and-abnormal-cervical-cytology-among-nepali-and-bhutanese-refugee-women-living-in-eastern-nepal
#1
Madhav P Bhatta, Derek C Johnson, Mingma Lama, Shilu Aryal, Pema Lhaki, Sadeep Shrestha
BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer is the leading cause of cancer morbidity and mortality among women in Nepal and Bhutan. Data on high-risk human papillomavirus (HR-HPV) infection and cervical abnormalities among Nepali and Bhutanese women are sparse. The objectives of this study were to assess and compare the prevalence of HR-HPV infection and cervical abnormalities among Nepali and Bhutanese women living in Jhapa District in eastern Nepal; and examine the risk factors for HR-HPV infection and cervical abnormalities in those women...
January 14, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050728/the-advantages-of-extended-subplatysmal-dissection-in-thyroid-surgery-the-mobile-window-technique
#2
Tina Runge, Roman Inglin, Philipp Riss, Andreas Selberherr, Reto M Kaderli, Daniel Candinas, Christian A Seiler
PURPOSE: Minimal access thyroidectomy, using various techniques, is widely known, but respective data on thyroidectomy for thyroid cancer with lymphadenectomy is scarce. The present study aims to evaluate the feasability of extended subplatysmal dissection in combination with a small incision ("mobile window" technique). METHODS: A retrospective study was performed analysing data from 93 patients. All patients suffered from thyroid carcinoma and underwent (total) thyroidectomy, bilateral cervico-central (levels VI and VII) and functional lateral neck dissection (levels II to V) on the side of the malignancy...
January 3, 2017: Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050208/tonic-investigation-concept-of-cervico-vestibular-muscle-afferents
#3
Linda Josephine Dorn, Annabelle Lappat, Winfried Neuhuber, Hans Scherer, Heidi Olze, Matthias Hölzl
Introduction Interdisciplinary research has contributed greatly to an improved understanding of the vestibular system. To date, however, very little research has focused on the vestibular system's somatosensory afferents. To ensure the diagnostic quality of vestibular somatosensory afferent data, especially the extra cranial afferents, stimulation of the vestibular balance system has to be precluded. Objective Sophisticated movements require intra- and extra cranial vestibular receptors. The study's objective is to evaluate an investigation concept for cervico-vestibular afferents with respect to clinical feasibility...
January 2017: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033285/migration-of-titanium-cable-into-spinal-cord-and-spontaneous-c2-and-c3-fusion-case-report-of-possible-causes-of-fatigue-failure-after-posterior-atlantoaxial-fixation
#4
Huibo Li, Jigang Lou, Hao Liu
INTRODUCTION: Atlantoaxial instability is a common and serious injury of the upper cervical spine. Brooks' procedure is widely used to reconstruct the unstable atlantoaxial joint. The migration into spinal cord of titanium cable and spontaneous fusion between C2 and C3 has been little reported and the management of such a patient is difficult. We describe an unusual case of fatigue failure of posterior titanium atlantoaxial cable fixation with migration into the spinal cord and spontaneous fusion between C2 and C3...
December 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029461/-prevention-of-preterm-birth-by-uterine-cervical-cerclage
#5
L Marcellin
OBJECTIVE: To review the scientific literature on cervical insufficiency and indications of cervical cerclage cervix. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The PubMed database, the Cochrane Library and the recommendations from the French and international obstetrical societies between 1972 and June 2016 have been consulted. RESULTS: Cervical insufficiency is a pathophysiological concept and to date no consensual definition is available: the diagnosis is clinical and discussed retrospectively in case of patients with a history of late miscarriages and/or spontaneous preterm delivery, with asymptomatic dilatation of the cervix (professional consensus)...
October 29, 2016: Journal de Gynécologie, Obstétrique et Biologie de la Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018608/digenic-mutations-of-human-ocrl-paralogs-in-dent-s-disease-type-2-associated-with-chiari-i-malformation
#6
Daniel Duran, Sheng Chih Jin, Tyrone DeSpenza, Carol Nelson-Williams, Andrea G Cogal, Elizabeth W Abrash, Peter C Harris, John C Lieske, Serena Je Shimshak, Shrikant Mane, Kaya Bilguvar, Michael L DiLuna, Murat Günel, Richard P Lifton, Kristopher T Kahle
OCRL1 and its paralog INPP5B encode phosphatidylinositol 5-phosphatases that localize to the primary cilium and have roles in ciliogenesis. Mutations in OCRL1 cause the X-linked Dent disease type 2 (DD2; OMIM# 300555), characterized by low-molecular weight proteinuria, hypercalciuria, and the variable presence of cataracts, glaucoma and intellectual disability without structural brain anomalies. Disease-causing mutations in INPP5B have not been described in humans. Here, we report the case of an 11-year-old boy with short stature and an above-average IQ; severe proteinuria, hypercalciuria and osteopenia resulting in a vertebral compression fracture; and Chiari I malformation with cervico-thoracic syringohydromyelia requiring suboccipital decompression...
2016: Human Genome Variation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017200/the-characteristics-of-spinal-imaging-in-different-types-of-demyelinating-diseases
#7
Chaisak Dumrikarnlert, Sasitorn Siritho, Pimwalai Chulapimphan, Chanon Ngamsombat, Chanjira Satukijchai, Naraporn Prayoonwiwat
BACKGROUND: Transverse myelitis is the common presentation in demyelinating conditions. OBJECTIVE: To determine the characteristics of spinal lesions among each type of demyelinating diseases. METHODS: Medical records and spinal imaging of patients who were [1] older than 18years, [2] had at least one attack of TM, [3] had available spinal MRI data and [4] were tested for aquaporin-4 antibody were included. RESULTS: One hundred and fifty-eight patients were eligible (27 clinically isolated syndrome [CIS], 38 MS, 55 seropositive neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders [NMOSD], 9 seronegative NMOSD, and 29 idiopathic transverse myelitis [IDD-TM])...
January 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003871/laparoscopic-posterior-colpotomy-for-a-cervico-vaginal-leiomyoma-hymen-conservative-technique
#8
G S Wehbe, M Doughane, R Bitar, Z Sleiman
BACKGROUND: Leiomyomas are the most common benign tumours of the uterus. The diagnosis, evaluation and treatment of prolapsed pedunculated submucous myoma may need vaginal access compromising sometimes the hymenal integrity. Laparoscopic management of a pedunculated submucous myoma in a Middle Eastern virgin patient is described as a safe alternative. CASE: A 20-year-old, nulliparous virgin woman presented to the outpatient clinic for irregular menstrual bleeding of 2 months duration...
September 2016: Facts, Views & Vision in ObGyn
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992790/association-between-high-risk-human-papillomavirus-infection-and-co-infection-with-candida-spp-and-trichomonas-vaginalis-in-women-with-cervical-premalignant-and-malignant-lesions
#9
Ishita Ghosh, Richard Muwonge, Srabani Mittal, Dipanwita Banerjee, Pratip Kundu, Ranajit Mandal, Jaydip Biswas, Partha Basu
BACKGROUND: Human papillomavirus (HPV) is the necessary cause of cervical cancer. Cervico-vaginal infection with pathogens like Chlamydia is a likely cofactor. The interactions between HPV, Trichomonas vaginalis (TV) and Candida spp. are less understood, though inflammation induced by these pathogens has been demonstrated to facilitate oncogenesis. OBJECTIVE: Our study aimed to evaluate the association between Candida spp. and TV co-infection with HPV in cervical oncogenesis...
December 12, 2016: Journal of Clinical Virology: the Official Publication of the Pan American Society for Clinical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977582/spine-malformation-complex-in-3-diverse-syndromic-entities-case-reports
#10
Ali Al Kaissi, Andreas van Egmond-Fröhlich, Sergey Ryabykh, Polina Ochirov, Vladimir Kenis, Jochen G Hofstaetter, Franz Grill, Rudolf Ganger, Susanne Gerit Kircher
RATIONALE: Clinical and radiographic phenotypic characterizations were the base line tool of diagnosis in 3 syndromic disorders in which congenital cervico-thoracic kyphosis was the major deformity. PATIENTS CONCERNS: Directing maximal care toward the radiographic analysis is not only the axial malformation but also toward the appendicular abnormalities was our main concern. We fully documented the diversity of the spine phenotypic malformation complex via the clinical and radiographic phenotypes...
December 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882431/diagnostic-value-of-conventional-chest-radiography-in-intrathoracic-goiters-retrospective-analysis-of-2570-patients
#11
Fares Benmiloud, Michel Grino, Charles Oliver, Anne Denizot
PURPOSE: Since intrathoracic goiters (IG), either cervico-mediastinal goiters (CMGs) or mediastinal nodules (MNs), can lead to sternotomies and/or evitable reoperations, their detection is mandatory before thyroid surgery. A systematic screening by CT scan or MRI is not conceivable because of their expensiveness. We tested if conventional chest radiography (CCR) could remain a good screening tool for IG before thyroid surgery. METHODS: In this retrospective study (2554 patients), CCR usefulness was evaluated in relation with patients' complaints, clinical examination, neck US, and anatomical and surgical findings...
November 24, 2016: Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872536/phrenic-nerve-palsy-as-initial-presentation-of-large-retrosternal-goitre
#12
Arsheed Hussain Hakeem, Imtiyaz Hussain Hakeem, Fozia Jeelani Wani
Unilateral phrenic nerve palsy as initial presentation of the retrosternal goitre is extremely rare event. This is a case report of a 57-year-old woman with history of cough and breathlessness of 3 months duration, unaware of the thyroid mass. She had large cervico-mediastinal goiter and chest radiograph revealed raised left sided hemidiaphragm. Chest CT scan did not reveal any lung parenchymal or mediastinal pathology. The patient underwent a total thyroidectomy through a cervical approach. The final pathology was in favor of multinodular goitre...
December 2016: Indian Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854162/endometritis-increases-pro-inflammatory-cytokines-in-follicular-fluid-and-cervico-vaginal-mucus-in-the-buffalo-cow
#13
Jones Boby, Harendra Kumar, Harihar Prasad Gupta, Mustapha Hussain Jan, Sanjay Kumar Singh, Manas Kumar Patra, Sukdeb Nandi, Asha Abraham, Narayanan Krishnaswamy
Emerging evidence shows that some of the pro-inflammatory cytokines are elevated not only in the endometrium but also in the follicular fluid of cows with endometritis. Developing a cervico-vaginal mucus (CVM) based test has the potential for becoming a pen-side test because of the ease of sample collection. The present study describes the results of two different experiments. The first experiment was conducted to investigate the influence of endometritis on the proinflammatory cytokines of follicular fluid based on the reproductive tracts of buffalo collected at a slaughter house Buffalo genitalia were categorized into purulent endometritis (PE), cytological endometritis (CE), and non-endometritis (NE) based on the white-side test and endometrial cytology, respectively (n = 14/group)...
November 17, 2016: Animal Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846665/menstrual-sexual-and-obstetrical-outcomes-after-vaginal-replacement-for-vaginal-atresia-associated-with-anorectal-malformation
#14
Clare Skerritt, Alejandra Vilanova Sánchez, Victoria Alison Lane, Richard J Wood, Geri D Hewitt, Lesley L Breech, Marc Levitt
The authors of this article became aware of significant differences in the management of two females with a rectovestibular fistula and associated vaginal agenesis. In one patient, a sigmoid colovaginoplasty was performed at the time of the posterior sagittal anorectoplasty (PSARP), and the other underwent repair of the rectovestibular fistula with a primary PSARP, but the surgeons elected to delay the timing of vaginal reconstruction. We decided to review the literature, to establish if recommendations could be made to optimize the management of these children based on current evidence...
November 15, 2016: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819403/-treatment-of-syringomyelia-in-patients-with-chiari-malformation-and-craniosynostosis-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#15
A Aransay-Garcia, F J Villarejo-Ortega
INTRODUCTION: Patients with multisutural or single craniosynostosis, often suffer from Chiari malformation and syringomyelia. The surgical management of syringomyelia in these patients is controversial. CASE REPORT: A 3-year-old girl was referred with complex craniosynostosis that had not been corrected surgically. She was asymptomatic despite the cranial MRI showed a Chiari malformation and one year later she developed a cervico-dorso-lumbar syringomyelia. She underwent a decompressive suboccipital craniectomy but subsequently suffered a worsening of syringomyelia...
November 16, 2016: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809810/study-protocol-of-the-choice-trial-a-three-armed-randomized-controlled-trial-of-home-based-hpv-self-sampling-for-non-participants-in-an-organized-cervical-cancer-screening-program
#16
Mette Tranberg, Bodil Hammer Bech, Jan Blaakær, Jørgen Skov Jensen, Hans Svanholm, Berit Andersen
BACKGROUND: The effectiveness of cervical cancer screening programs is challenged by suboptimal participation and coverage. Offering cervico-vaginal self-sampling for human papillomavirus testing (HPV self-sampling) to non-participants can increase screening participation. However, the effect varies substantially among studies, especially depending on the approach used to offer HPV self-sampling. The present trial evaluates the effect on participation in an organized screening program of a HPV self-sampling kit mailed directly to the home of the woman or mailed to the woman's home on demand only, compared with the standard second reminder for regular screening...
November 3, 2016: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800002/single-stage-operation-for-giant-schwannoma-at-the-craniocervical-junction-with-minimal-laminectomy-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#17
Sun Yoon, Hunho Park, Kyu-Sung Lee, Seoung Woo Park, Chang-Ki Hong
Here we report a single-stage operation we performed on a patient with a large schwannoma that extended from the lower clivus to the cervico-thoracic junction caudally. A number of authors have previously performed multilevel laminectomy to remove giant schwannomas that extend for considerable length. This technique has caused cervical instability such as kyphosis or gooseneck deformity on several occasions. We removed the tumor with a left lateral suboccipital craniectomy with laminectomy only at C1 and without any subsequent surgery-related neurologic deficits...
September 2016: Korean Journal of Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27775309/-neonatal-use-of-propranolol-for-segmental-facial-hemangiomas
#18
V Villamil, N A Méndez Aguirre, T Martínez Menchón, O Girón Vallejo, M Fernández Ibieta, P Y Reyes Ríos, I Martínez Castaño, J Rojas Ticona, A Sánchez Sánchez, L Hernández Sánchez, J I Ruiz Jiménez
INTRODUCTION: Segmental cervico facial hemangiomas are defined as those longer than 5 cm, affecting a specific facial area. These lesions can be eventually associated with the PHACE syndrome. Our aim is to propose neonatal treatment with propranolol, showing its efficacy/safety, given the scarce evidence on its neonatal use. CLINICAL OBSERVATION: After written informed consent, four patients with segmental facial hemangioma were treated with propranolol in the neonatal period...
July 20, 2015: Cirugía Pediátrica: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Cirugía Pediátrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769215/eye-movements-in-patients-with-whiplash-associated-disorders-a-systematic-review
#19
Britta Kristina Ischebeck, Jurryt de Vries, Jos N Van der Geest, Malou Janssen, Jan Paul Van Wingerden, Gert Jan Kleinrensink, Maarten A Frens
BACKGROUND: Many people with Whiplash Associated Disorders (WAD) report problems with vision, some of which may be due to impaired eye movements. Better understanding of such impaired eye movements could improve diagnostics and treatment strategies. This systematic review surveys the current evidence on changes in eye movements of patients with WAD and explains how the oculomotor system is tested. METHODS: Nine electronic data bases were searched for relevant articles from inception until September 2015...
October 21, 2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27753918/os-04-02-high-prevalence-of-multisite-fibromuscular-dysplasia-the-arcadia-registry
#20
Pierre-Francois Plouin
OBJECTIVE: ARCADIA (Assessment of Renal and Cervical Artery DysplasIA) is a registry designed to assess in adults with fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD) the distribution of arterial lesions and the frequency of FMD affecting at least two vascular beds (multisite FMD). DESIGN AND METHOD: Patients were eligible if they had non-atherosclerotic, non-inflammatory and non-syndromic stenosing lesions affecting renal (RA) and/or cervico-encephalic (CEA) arteries and gave informed consent to undergo skull to pelvis angiographic imaging using CT-, MR-, or digital subtraction-angiography...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
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