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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795591/in-vivo-measurement-of-tri-axial-loading-at-the-head-during-the-rugby-tackle
#1
Ross Jones, Matt Greig
To investigate the anatomical distribution of linear and rotational forces during the tackle scenario, male rugby players performed a total of 48 trials, as ball carrier or tackler. Participants wore headgear accommodating three global positioning system units measuring uniaxial acceleration at the occipital region (OR), left tempero-parietal (LT-PR) and right tempero-parietal region (RT-PR). An additional unit was located at the cervico-thoracic spinal region in a custom vest. There was a significant main effect for tackle condition (P < 0...
August 10, 2017: Research in Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780482/profiling-inflammatory-biomarkers-in-cervico-vaginal-mucus-cvm-postpartum-potential-early-indicators-of-bovine-clinical-endometritis
#2
Mounir Adnane, Aspinas Chapwanya, Rachid Kaidi, Kieran G Meade, Cliona O'Farrelly
Endometritis significantly impacts fertility and milk yield, thus reducing profitability of the dairy production. In cows that develop endometritis, normal postpartum endometrial inflammation is dysregulated. Here, we propose that endometrial inflammation is reflected in cervico-vaginal mucus (CVM) which could therefore be used as a prognostic tool. CVM was collected from 20 dairy cows (10 with clinical endometritis and 10 healthy) 7 and 21 days postpartum (DPP). Polymorphonuclear (PMN), mononuclear leukocyte and epithelial cells were counted, total protein levels were estimated and levels of IL-1β, IL-6, IL-8, serum amyloid A (SAA), haptoglobin (Hp) and C5b were analyzed by ELISA in CVM...
July 29, 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780042/-endoscopy-and-face-lift
#3
J C Dardour, R Abbou
For many years, the face-lift has not been the only intervention for facial rejuvenation. It is necessary today to specify the type of face-lift, cervico-facial lifting, frontal lifting or facelift. We will consider in this article the frontal lift and centro-facial lift and its possible execution assisted by endoscopy with therefore minimal scars, hidden in the scalp. We will consider successively its technique, its indications and its results highlighting a very long hold over time.
August 2, 2017: Annales de Chirurgie Plastique et Esthétique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770172/diversity-of-cervical-microbiota-in-asymptomatic-chlamydia-trachomatis-genital-infection-a-pilot-study
#4
Simone Filardo, Marisa Di Pietro, Maria G Porpora, Nadia Recine, Alessio Farcomeni, Maria A Latino, Rosa Sessa
Chlamydia trachomatis genital infection continues to be an important public health problem worldwide due to its increasing incidence. C. trachomatis infection can lead to severe sequelae, such as pelvic inflammatory disease, obstructive infertility, and preterm birth. Recently, it has been suggested that the cervico-vaginal microbiota may be an important defense factor toward C. trachomatis infection as well as the development of chronic sequelae. Therefore, the investigation of microbial profiles associated to chlamydial infection is of the utmost importance...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751201/the-role-of-mucus-in-cell-based-models-used-to-screen-mucosal-drug-delivery
#5
REVIEW
Anna Lechanteur, José das Neves, Bruno Sarmento
The increasing interest in developing tools to predict drug absorption through mucosal surfaces is fostering the establishment of epithelial cell-based models. Cell-based in vitro techniques for drug permeability assessment are less laborious, cheaper and address the concerns of using laboratory animals. Simultaneously, in vitro barrier models that thoroughly simulate human epithelia or mucosae may provide useful data to speed up the entrance of new drugs and new drug products into the clinics. Nevertheless, standard cell-based in vitro models that intend to reproduce epithelial surfaces often discard the role of mucus in influencing drug permeation/absorption...
July 24, 2017: Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741148/simultaneous-navigated-cervico-thoracic-and-thoraco-lumbar-fixation
#6
Krunal Patel, Tamara Tajsic, Karol P Budohoski, Mathew R Guilfoyle, Rikin A Trivedi
STUDY DESIGN: Case report. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the feasibility of using two independent image guidance systems to simultaneously fix multiple segment spine fractures. Image guidance is increasingly used to aid spinal fixation. We describe the first use of multiple navigation systems during a single procedure allowing for multi-segment spinal fixations to be performed simultaneously and capitalizing the advantages of navigation. METHOD: Two Medtronic Stealth Station S7™ systems with O-arm image capture were used to guide fixation of C6 and T12, unstable, AO A4, three-column fractures, in a patient with ankylosing spondylitis...
July 24, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741147/constipation-in-degenerative-cervico-thoracic-spine-myelopathy-a-simple-co-existence-or-a-complex-inter-relationship
#7
Anant Mehrotra, Janmejay Jamdar, Pradeep Sharma, Chaitanya Godbole, Suyash Singh, Kuntal Kanti Das, Abhai Verma, Kamlesh Singh Bhaisora, Jayesh Sardhara, Awadhesh Kumar Jaiswal, Rabi Narayan Sahu, Arun Kumar Srivastava, Sanjay Behari, Raj Kumar
PURPOSE: Identify factors affecting constipation and post surgical improvement in patients of myelopathy. METHODS: Sixty-four patients with myelopathy due to extradural spine pathologies (47 cervical; 17 thoracic spine, male:female-5.4:1 with mean age 46.16) underwent evaluation including Bristol stool scale (BSS), PFT and uroflowmetry. All cases were evaluated by gastroenterologist to rule out any intrinsic bowel disease. Chi-square test, Kruskal-Wallis/Mann-Whitney U test and Wilcoxon signed rank test were employed to ascertain statistical significance...
July 24, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720996/horner-s-syndrome-in-cervico-dorsal-tuberculosis-a-rare-case-report
#8
Vinay Prabhat, Gauresh S Vargaonkar, Sunil R Mallojwar, Ramesh Kumar
Tuberculosis is a disease that affects any part of body and presents with varied complications. A case of cervico-dorsal tuberculosis is described here presenting with quadriparesis and Horner's syndrome. Horner's syndrome as a complication of cervico-dorsal tuberculosis has not been reported yet in literature.
April 2017: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716490/-self-evaluation-of-conization-indications-since-the-introduction-of-the-french-colposcopy-and-cervico-vaginal-pathology-quality-charter-in-2%C3%A2-colposcopy-centers
#9
M Lallemant, C Baeza, C Monnin, M Malincenco, C Gay
OBJECTIVES: Analyze the efficiency of the implementation of the colposcopy and cervico-vaginal pathology quality charter. The question was to determine whether the criteria of more than 70% of excisional conizations containing CIN2+ lesions (cervical intraepithelial neoplasia 2 or 3 or carcinoma in situ) had been reached and demonstrate a reduction of the conization rate is possible. METHODS: An epidemiological descriptive, retrospective and multicenter study was performed in "Nord Franche-Comté Hospitals" (Belfort and Montbéliard, France) during the period from November 2013 to January 2015...
July 14, 2017: Gynecologie, Obstetrique, Fertilite & Senologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701544/modulation-of-corticospinal-input-to-the-legs-by-arm-and-leg-cycling-in-people-with-incomplete-spinal-cord-injury
#10
Rui Zhou, Laura Alvarado, Seoyoung Kim, Su Ling Chong, Vivian K Mushahwar
The spinal cervico-lumbar interaction during rhythmic movements in humans has recently been studied; however, the role of arm movements in modulating the corticospinal drive to the legs is not well understood. The goals of this study were to investigate the effect of active rhythmic arm movements on the corticospinal drive to the legs (study 1); and assess the effect of simultaneous arm and leg training on the corticospinal pathway after incomplete spinal cord injury (iSCI) (study 2). In study 1, neurologically intact (NI) participants or participants with iSCI performed combinations of stationary and rhythmic cycling of the arms and legs, while motor evoked potentials (MEPs) were recorded from the vastus lateralis (VL) muscle...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697395/vaginal-cervico-isthmic-cerclage-versus-mcdonald-cerclage-in-women-with-a-previous-failure-of-prophylactic-cerclage-a-retrospective-study
#11
Capmas Perrine, Letendre Irène, Leray Camille, Deffieux Xavier, Duminil Laura, Subtil Damien, Fernandez Hervé
AIM: Compare preterm births before 30 weeks of gestation in women with a previous failed McDonald cerclage that benefit from another McDonald cerclage (or simplified Shirodkar cerclage) or a vaginal cervico-isthmic cerclage. METHODS: Women with a cerclage performed at the end of the first trimester of a singleton pregnancy with a previous failed prophylactic McDonald cerclage were included in this mutlicenric study involving four teaching hospitals. Comparisons between groups were done using a chi square test and a student t-test...
June 27, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695428/discussion-cervico-mental-angle-suspensory-ligament-the-keystone-to-understand-the-cervico-mental-angle-and-the-aging-process-of-the-neck
#12
Angie M Paik, Patrick K Sullivan
This is a commentary and discussion in response to a cadaveric study entitled, "Cervico-mental angle suspensory ligament: The keystone to understand the cervico-mental angle and the aging process of the neck." While highlighting the cervico-mental angle suspensory ligament has the potential to give rise to new surgical technique in neck rejuvenation surgery, the authors caution readers of the study's major limitation. Without well-documented results aligning with aesthetic ideals or reports of the safety and longevity of the procedure, it seems too early to consider this ligament the keystone to understand the aging neck...
July 10, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682436/colposcopic-patterns-of-vaginal-intraepithelial-neoplasia-a-focus-on-low-grade-lesions
#13
F Sopracordevole, N Clemente, M Barbero, A Agarossi, P Cattani, P Garutti, M G Fallani, A Pieralli, F Boselli, A Frega, G De Piero, A Del Fabro, M Buttignol, A Ciavattini
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the colposcopic patterns observed in women with a histopathological diagnosis of vaginal intraepithelial neoplasia, with a particular interest in analyzing the colposcopic characteristics of low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions (LSIL). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Medical charts and colposcopy records of women diagnosed with vaginal intraepithelial neoplasia from January 1995 to December 2015, were analyzed in a multicenter retrospective case series...
June 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668317/assessment-and-management-of-cervico-mediastinal-goiter
#14
E Brenet, X Dubernard, J C Mérol, M A Louges, M Labrousse, M Makeieff
Cervico-mediastinal goiter is a particular entity from the point of view of thyroid surgery. Its volume, hardness and intrathoracic extension require the surgeon to adapt technique and perform a painstaking preoperative work-up, so as to draw up fully-fledged plan. CT is now indispensable, to anticipate risks and determine whether sternotomy is needed. Surgery seems to induce more postoperative complications than in conventional surgery, although they can be reduced by retrograde dissection of the inferior laryngeal nerve and downward dissection of the posterior side of the lobe to optimize control of adjacent structures...
June 28, 2017: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662373/anastomotic-patterns-of-the-facial-parotid-plexus-pp-a-human-cadaver-study
#15
Habib Bendella, Barbara Spacca, Svenja Rink, Hans-Jürgen Stoffels, Makoto Nakamura, Martin Scaal, Heide Heinen, Orlando Guntinas-Lichius, Roland Goldbrunner, Maria Grosheva, Doychin N Angelov
Details of the human facial parotid plexus (PP) are not readily accessible during ordinary anatomical teaching because of insufficient time and difficulties encountered in the preparation. For parotid and facial nerve surgery however, precise knowledge of PP is of crucial importance. The aim of this study was therefore to provide more details of PP in anatomic specimens. Following anatomical dissection, its location, syntopy and morphology were analyzed in 158 cervico-facial halves of 95 cadavers. The facial nerve (FN) divides into a larger temporo-facial and a smaller cervico-facial trunk...
September 2017: Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652307/both-misr-cpxr-and-miss-cpxa-are-required-for-neisseria-gonorrhoeae-infection-in-a-murine-model-of-lower-genital-tract-infection
#16
Dharanesh Gangaiah, Erica Raterman, Hong Wu, Kate R Fortney, Hongyu Gao, Yunlong Liu, Ann E Jerse, Stanley M Spinola
During infection, Neisseria gonorrhoeae senses and responds to stress; such responses may be modulated by MisRS (NGO0177, NGO0176), a two-component system that is a homolog of CpxRA. In Escherichia coli, CpxRA senses and responds to envelope stress; CpxA is a sensor kinase/phosphatase for CpxR, a response regulator. When a cpxA mutant is grown in media containing glucose, CpxR is phosphorylated by acetyl phosphate but cannot be dephosphorylated, resulting in constitutive activation. Shafer and coworkers showed that MisR (CpxR) is required for maintenance of membrane integrity and resistance to antimicrobial peptides, suggesting a role in gonococcal survival in vivo Here, we evaluated the contributions of MisR and MisS (CpxA) to gonococcal infection in a murine model of cervico-vaginal colonization and identified MisR-regulated genes using RNA-Seq...
June 26, 2017: Infection and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651769/mesiodistal-dental-movement-toward-remodeled-edentulous-alveolar-ridge-digital-model-assessment
#17
Francyle Simões Herrera Sanches, Patrícia Bittencourt Dutra Dos Santos, Marcos Cezar Ferreira, Karina Maria Salvatore Freitas, José Fernando Castanha Henriques, Guilherme Janson, Daniela Garib
INTRODUCTION: The aims of this study were to compare the changes in posterior dental inclination and angulation, and the posterior tooth crown sizes and alveolar ridge thicknesses consequent to the orthodontic procedures of closing and opening of mandibular first molar edentulous spaces. METHODS: The sample comprised 16 patients (4 men, 12 women) with an initial mean age of 34.17 years and unilateral or bilateral absence of mandibular permanent first molars. The space closure group (SCG) comprised 12 hemiarches with a mandibular first molar edentulous space varying from 2 to 7 mm, orthodontically treated with space closure...
July 2017: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650879/novel-angular-measures-of-cervical-deformity-account-for-upper-cervical-compensation-and-sagittal-alignment
#18
Themistocles S Protopsaltis, Renaud Lafage, Shaleen Vira, Daniel Sciubba, Alex Soroceanu, Kojo Hamilton, Justin Smith, Peter G Passias, Gregory Mundis, Robert Hart, Frank Schwab, Eric Klineberg, Christopher Shaffrey, Virginie Lafage, Christopher Ames
STUDY DESIGN: This is a retrospective review of a prospective multicenter database. OBJECTIVE: This study introduces 2 new cervical alignment measures accounting for both cervical deformity (CD) and upper cervical compensation. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Current descriptions of CD like the C2-C7 sagittal vertical axis (cSVA) do not account for compensatory mechanisms such as C0-C2 lordosis and pelvic tilt, which makes surgical planning difficult...
August 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643662/evaluation-of-a-new-technique-of-prophylactic-cervical-cerclage-simplified-from-the-shirodkar-cerclage-a-pilot-study
#19
S Bartolo, C Garabedian, P Deruelle, V Debarge, A-S Ducloy-Bouthors, D Subtil
INTRODUCTION: In terms of prophylactic cerclage, the simplest and most commonly used technique is the McDonald cervical cerclage. Cervico-isthmic cerclage techniques may have better results, but are more difficult to achieve. A simplified Shirodkar technique would have the advantage of being "cervical high" while remaining easy to achieve. OBJECTIVE: To compare the results of high cervical cerclage, according to a simplified Shirodkar technique, with those of a classic McDonald cerclage, in the case of women at high risk of prematurity in an exploratory study...
April 2017: Journal of gynecology obstetrics and human reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610416/bacterial-vaginosis-and-cervical-intraepithelial-neoplasia-is-there-an-association-or-is-co-existence-incidental
#20
Pushpa Sodhani, Sanjay Gupta, Ruchika Gupta, Ravi Mehrotra
Objectives: To determine associations, if any, of bacterial vaginosis with cervical pre-neoplastic lesions and evaluate any effects of sub-categorization of smears with bacterial vaginosis. Methods: All cervico-vaginal smears reported as positive for bacterial vaginosis over a five-year period were reviewed and sub-categorized into ‘type I (dysbacteriosis)’ and ‘type II (pure Gardenerella infection)’ smears by two cytopathologists (PS, SG). The proportion of smears with healthy flora and pre-neoplastic lesions was compared with those having bacterial vaginosis in conjunction with such changes...
May 1, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
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