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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431626/sleep-patterns-in-villagers-and-urban-african-volunteers-in-a-humid-tropical-climate-influence-of-accessibility-to-electric-light
#1
Alain Buguet, Pascal Bogui, Stéphane Picot, Raymond Cespuglio
Recent publications focusing on sleep-wake alternation, using actigraphic recordings in hunter-gatherers, stressed the existence of a potential effect of electricity availability on sleep habits. These reports prompted us to achieve a new analysis of the polysomnographic data already obtained in healthy African volunteers in equatorial Africa during two different investigations. Comparison of the 24-h polysomnographic sleep patterns were done between 9 volunteers sleeping in a laboratory in Abidjan (Abidjan cohort) and 11 villagers living in electricity-free bush villages (Sinfra cohort)...
May 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431191/timing-for-the-introduction-of-cycled-light-for-extremely-preterm-infants-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Debra H Brandon, Susan G Silva, Jinhee Park, William Malcolm, Heba Kamhawy, Diane Holditch-Davis
Day-night cycled light improves health outcomes in preterm infants, yet the best time to institute cycled light is unclear. The hypothesis of this study was that extremely preterm infants receiving early cycled light would have better health and developmental outcomes than infants receiving late cycled light. Infants born at ≤28 weeks gestation were randomly assigned to early cycled light (ECL) starting at 28 weeks postmenstrual age [PMA] or late cycled light (LCL), starting at 36 weeks PMA. Daylight was 200-600 lux and night was 5-30 lux...
April 21, 2017: Research in Nursing & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430522/impact-of-naturalistic-lighting-on-hospitalized-stroke-patients-in-a-rehabilitation-unit-design-and-measurement
#3
Anders West, Poul Jennum, Sofie Amalie Simonsen, Birgit Sander, Milena Pavlova, Helle K Iversen
INTRODUCTION AND RATIONALE: Stroke is a major cause of acquired cerebral disability among adults, frequently accompanied by depression, anxiety, cognitive impairment, disrupted sleep and fatigue. New ways of intervention to prevent these complications are therefore needed. The major circadian regulator, the suprachiasmatic nucleus, is mainly controlled by natural daylight, and the blue spectrum is considered the most powerful. During stroke rehabilitation, patients typically are mostly indoors and therefore not exposed to the natural daytime variation in light intensity...
April 21, 2017: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414723/prevalence-and-determinants-of-stereotypic-behaviours-and-physiological-stress-among-tigers-and-leopards-in-indian-zoos
#4
Janice Vaz, Edward J Narayan, R Dileep Kumar, K Thenmozhi, Krishnamoorthy Thiyagesan, Nagarajan Baskaran
India's charismatic wildlife species are facing immense pressure from anthropogenic-induced environmental perturbations. Zoos play a major role in the conservation of threatened species, but their adaptation in captivity is posing a major challenge globally. Stress from inadequate adaptation could lead to suppression of cognitive functioning and increased display of stereotypic behaviour. It is thus necessary to measure biological traits like behaviour, stress physiology, and contextual factors driving the animals maintained at zoos...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409724/letter-to-the-editor-seasonal-subarachnoid-hemorrhage-temperature-or-daylight
#5
Shruti Mishra, Alexander Mamourian
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 14, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409583/long-term-follow-up-assessment-of-daylight-photodynamic-therapy-with-methyl-aminolevulinate-in-patients-with-actinic-keratosis
#6
Dario Fai, Carlotta Fai, Nicoletta Cassano, Gino A Vena
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia: Organo Ufficiale, Società Italiana di Dermatologia e Sifilografia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406719/structured-expert-consensus-on-actinic-keratosis-treatment-algorithm-focusing-on-daylight-pdt
#7
Piergiacomo Calzavara-Pinton, Merete Hædersdal, Kirk Barber, Nicole Basset-Seguin, María Emilia Del Pino Flores, Peter Foley, Gaston Galimberti, Rianne Gerritsen, Yolanda Gilarbete, Sally Ibbotson, Ketty Peris, Sheetal Sapra, Eleni Sotiriou, Luis Torezan, Claas Ulrich, Jonathan Guillemot, Janek Hendrich, Rolf-Markus Szeimies
BACKGROUND: A practical and up-to-date consensus among experts is paramount to further improve patient care in actinic keratosis (AK). OBJECTIVES: To develop a structured consensus statement on the diagnosis, classification, and practical management of AK based on up-to-date information. METHODS: A systematic review of AK clinical guidelines was conducted. This informed the preparation of a 3-round Delphi procedure followed by a consensus meeting, which combined the opinions of 16 clinical experts from 13 countries, to construct a structured consensus statement and a treatment algorithm positioning daylight photodynamic therapy (dl-PDT) among other AK treatment options...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401311/development-of-site-fidelity-in-the-nocturnal-amblypygid-phrynus-marginemaculatus
#8
Jacob M Graving, Verner P Bingman, Eileen A Hebets, Daniel D Wiegmann
Amblypygids are capable of navigation in the complex terrain of rainforests in near complete darkness. Path integration is unnecessary for successful homing, and the alternative mechanisms by which they navigate have yet to be elucidated. Here, our aims were to determine whether the amblypygid Phrynus marginemaculatus could be trained to reliably return to a target shelter in a laboratory arena-indicating goal recognition-and to document changes in behavior associated with the development of fidelity. We recorded nocturnal movements and space use by individuals over five nights in an arena in which subjects were provided with two shelters that differed in quality...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Comparative Physiology. A, Neuroethology, Sensory, Neural, and Behavioral Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399312/wingbeat-frequency-sweep-and-visual-stimuli-for-trapping-male-aedes-aegypti-diptera-culicidae
#9
S S Jakhete, S A Allan, R W Mankin
Combinations of female wingbeat acoustic cues and visual cues were evaluated to determine their potential for use in male Aedes aegypti (L.) traps in peridomestic environments. A modified Centers for Disease control (CDC) light trap using a 350-500 Hz frequency-sweep broadcast from a speaker as an acoustic stimulus, combined with a black poster-board half-cylinder behind the trap as a visual stimulus, captured a significantly greater proportion of males in a laboratory arena during daylight than a CDC trap with the visual stimulus alone or a CDC trap alone without stimuli...
April 5, 2017: Journal of Medical Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397771/structural-characterization-and-antifungal-studies-of-zinc-doped-hydroxyapatite-coatings
#10
Simona Liliana Iconaru, Alina Mihaela Prodan, Nicolas Buton, Daniela Predoi
The present study is focused on the synthesis, characterization and antifungal evaluation of zinc-doped hydroxyapatite (Zn:HAp) coatings. The Zn:HAp coatings were deposited on a pure Si (Zn:HAp_Si) and Ti (Zn:HAp_Ti) substrate by a sol-gel dip coating method using a zinc-doped hydroxyapatite nanogel. The nature of the crystal phase was determined by X-ray diffraction (XRD). The crystalline phase of the prepared Zn:HAp composite was assigned to hexagonal hydroxyapatite in the P63/m space group. The colloidal properties of the resulting Zn:HAp (xZn = 0...
April 9, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395184/influence-of-daylight-on-the-fate-of-silver-and-zinc-oxide-nanoparticles-in-natural-aquatic-environments
#11
Niksa Odzak, David Kistler, Laura Sigg
Nanoparticles, such as silver (Ag-NP) and zinc oxide (ZnO-NP), are increasingly used in many consumer products. These nanoparticles (NPs) will likely be exposed to the aquatic environment (rain, river, lake water) and to light (visible and UV) in the products where they are applied, or after those products are discharged. Dissolution of Ag-NP and ZnO-NP is an important process because the dissolved Ag(+) and Zn(2+) are readily available and toxic for aquatic organisms. The objective of this study was to investigate the role of daylight (UV and visible) for the fate of engineered Ag-NP and ZnO-NPs in different types of natural waters...
April 7, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388284/physical-activity-of-patients-with-copd-from-regions-with-different-climatic-variations
#12
Karina Couto Furlanetto, Heleen Demeyer, Thais Sant'anna, Nidia Aparecida Hernandes, Carlos Augusto Camillo, Ignasi Serra Pons, Rik Gosselink, Thierry Troosters, Fabio Pitta
Seasonal changes in physical activity in daily life (PADL) of patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) living in regions of the world with contrasting (i.e., mild or marked) weather variations have not been yet investigated. We aimed to quantify PADL and compare its variability caused by seasonality in patients with COPD who live in world regions with different summer-winter climatic variations (i.e. Londrina, Brazil and Leuven, Belgium). In a longitudinal, prospective and observational study, patients with COPD from Brazil and Belgium wore the SenseWear Armband for 7 days in summer and 7 days in winter...
April 7, 2017: COPD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388037/mechanistic-investigation-of-inducing-triboluminescence-in-lanthanide-iii-%C3%AE-diketonate-complexes
#13
Ho-Yin Wong, Wai-Sum Lo, Wesley Ting Kwok Chan, Ga-Lai Law
In this work, we synthesized a series of lanthanide(III) β-diketonate complexes to investigate the induction of triboluminescence. Triboluminescence (TL) spectra, solid-state emission spectra, and luminescence lifetimes of the complexes were obtained to prove consistent emitting species for steady-state and triboluminescence measurements. Detailed analyses of the crystal lattice packing were conducted in an attempt to correlate crystal symmetry, gas discharge, and structural arrangements with "triboexcitation", and it is found that either noncentrosymmetric or centrosymmetic compounds can be TL-active...
April 7, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384532/circadian-patterns-of-xylem-sap-properties-and-their-covariation-with-plant-hydraulic-traits-in-hybrid-aspen
#14
Annika Meitern, Eele Õunapuu-Pikas, Arne Sellin
Physiological processes taking place in plants are subject to diverse circadian patterns but some of them are poorly documented in natural conditions. The daily dynamics of physico-chemical properties of xylem sap and their covariation with tree hydraulic traits were investigated in hybrid aspen (Populus tremula L.×P. tremuloides Michx) in field conditions in order to clarify which environmental drivers govern the daily variation in these parameters. K(+) concentration ([K(+)]), electrical conductivity (σsap), osmolality (Osm) and pH of the xylem sap, as well as branch hydraulic traits, were measured in the field over 24-h cycles...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Plant Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370878/biomass-responses-in-a-temperate-european-grassland-through-17-years-of-elevated-co2
#15
L C Andresen, N Yuan, R Seibert, G Moser, C I Kammann, J Luterbacher, M Erbs, C Müller
Future increase of atmospheric CO2 concentrations will potentially enhance grassland biomass production and shift the functional group composition with consequences for ecosystem functioning. In the 'GiFACE' experiment (Giessen Free Air Carbon dioxide Enrichment), fertilized grassland plots were fumigated with elevated CO2 (eCO2 ) year-round during daylight hours since 1998, at a level of +20% relative to ambient concentrations (in 1998 aCO2 was 364 ppm and eCO2 399 ppm; in 2014 aCO2 was 397 ppm and eCO2 518 ppm)...
April 2, 2017: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355662/-photoreceptor-transplantation-into-the-degenerative-retina
#16
O Borsch, T Santos-Ferreira, M Ader
Vision impairment and blindness due to photoreceptor loss represents one of the major causes for disability in industrialized societies. Whereas rod photoreceptors allow vision under dim light conditions, cone photoreceptors provide high-acuity vision in daylight conditions and color detection. Several therapeutic strategies are currently developed to repair vision loss, including cell-based interventions. Within the last decade, major progress regarding the replacement of photoreceptors by transplantation has been made in pre-clinical animal models...
March 2017: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350909/vitamin-d-calcium-and-cancer-approaching-daylight
#17
EDITORIAL
JoAnn E Manson, Shari S Bassuk, Julie E Buring
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 28, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335092/effect-of-energy-density-and-virginiamycin-supplementation-in-diets-on-growth-performance-and-digestive-function-of-finishing-steers
#18
Juan Diego Navarrete, Martin F Montano, Constantino Raymundo, Jaime Salinas-Chavira, Noemi Torrentera, Richard Avery Zinn
Objective: In the study was determined the influence of virginiamycin supplementation on growth-performance and characteristics of digestion of cattle, decreasing dietary NEm from 2.22 to 2.10 Mcal/kg. Methods: Eighty crossbred beef steers (298.2 ± 6.3 kg) were used in a 152-d performance evaluation consisting of a 28-d adaptation period followed by a 124-d growing-finishing period. During the 124-d period steers were fed either a lesser energy dense (LED, 2.10 Mcal/kg NEm) or higher energy dense (HED, 2...
March 21, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324012/deletion-of-the-thyroid-hormone-activating-type-2-deiodinase-rescues-cone-photoreceptor-degeneration-but-not-deafness-in-mice-lacking-type-3-deiodinase
#19
Lily Ng, Hong Liu, Donald L St Germain, Arturo Hernandez, Douglas Forrest
Type 2 deiodinase amplifies and type 3 deiodinase depletes levels of the active form of thyroid hormone, triiodothyronine (T3). Given the opposing activities of these enzymes, we tested the hypothesis that they counteract each other's developmental functions by investigating whether deletion of type 2 deiodinase (encoded by Dio2) modifies sensory phenotypes in type 3 deiodinase-deficient (Dio3-/-) mice. Dio3-/- mice display degeneration of retinal cones, the photoreceptors that mediate daylight and color vision...
March 7, 2017: Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284444/investigating-tnt-loss-between-sample-collection-and-analysis
#20
Niamh Nic Daeid, Holly A Yu, Matthew S Beardah
Explosives residues are often collected from explosion scenes, and from surfaces suspected of being in contact with explosives, by swabbing with solvent-wetted cotton swabs. It is vital that any explosives traces present on the swabs are successfully extracted and detected when received in a laboratory. However, a 2007 proficiency test initiated by the European Network of Forensic Science Institutes (ENFSI) Expert Working Group on Explosives involving TNT-spiked cotton swabs highlighted that explosives may not always be detected from such samples...
March 2017: Science & Justice: Journal of the Forensic Science Society
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