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arthritis and IDO

Zev Sthoeger, Amir Sharabi, Ilan Asher, Heidy Zinger, Rafael Segal, Gene Shearer, Ori Elkayam, Edna Mozes
Primary Sjogren's syndrome (pSS) is an autoimmune disease characterized by lymphocytic infiltration of exocrine glands. We investigated whether the tolerogenic peptide, hCDR1, that ameliorates lupus manifestations would have beneficial effects on pSS as well. The in vitro effects of hCDR1 on gene expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines and regulatory molecules were tested in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) of 16 pSS patients. hCDR1, but not a control peptide, significantly reduced gene expression of IL-1β, TNF-α, MX-1 and BlyS and up-regulated immunosuppressive (TGF-β, FOXP3) molecules in PBMC of pSS patients...
May 3, 2018: Clinical Immunology: the Official Journal of the Clinical Immunology Society
Sudeep Chenna Narendra, Jaya Prakash Chalise, Sophie Biggs, Ulrich Kalinke, Mattias Magnusson
Objective: CD4+ FoxP3+ CD25+ regulatory T-cells (Tregs ) are important for preventing tissue destruction. Here, we investigate the role of Tregs for protection against experimental arthritis by IFN-α. Methods: Arthritis was triggered by intra-articular injection of methylated bovine serum albumin (mBSA) in wild-type mice, Foxp3DTReGFP+/- mice [allowing selective depletion of Tregs by diphtheria toxin (DT)] and CD4-Cre+/- IFNA1R flox/flox mice (devoid of IFNAR signaling in T-cells) earlier immunized with mBSA, with or without treatment with IFN-α or the indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO)-metabolite kynurenine...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
Benjar Issaranggun Na Ayuthaya, Vincent Everts, Prasit Pavasant
Interleukin 12 (IL-12) is an inflammatory cytokine that promotes the response of the immune system. This cytokine has been implicated as a potent stimulator of several diseases characterized by inflammatory-induced bone destruction, such as rheumatoid arthritis and periodontitis. Yet, the exact role of IL-12 in the development and progress of periodontitis has not been clarified. Several studies have demonstrated a positive correlation between the level of IL-12 and the severity of periodontal destruction. Deletion of IL-12 in mice with periodontitis significantly suppressed the level of bone destruction...
April 2018: European Journal of Oral Sciences
Yue Sun, Wei Deng, Genhong Yao, Weiwei Chen, Xiaojun Tang, Xuebing Feng, Liwei Lu, Lingyun Sun
Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSC) have been shown to possess immunomodulatory activities, while its role in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) remains unknown. Citrullinated fibrinogen (cfb) has been considered as a specific autoantigen in RA pathogenesis. Our study aims to determine the role of cfb on immunomodulatory function of BMSC. We demonstrated the specific role of toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4)-NFκB pathway in the pro-inflammatory response of BMSC to cfb with increased production of interleukin (IL)-6, IL-8 and chemokine CC motif ligand 2 (CCL2)...
January 31, 2018: Clinical Immunology: the Official Journal of the Clinical Immunology Society
Ari Polachek, Wilma Vree Egberts, Elizabeth Fireman, Ido Druckman, Moshe Stark, Daphna Paran, Ilana Kaufman, Irena Wigler, David Levartovsky, Dan Caspi, Ger J M Pruijn, Ori Elkayam
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the presence of autoantibodies to cyclic citrullinated synthetic peptides (ACPAs) in the sputum of patients with long-standing rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: Nineteen consecutive RA patients and 16 age- and sex-matched control subjects participated in this cross-sectional study. All underwent complete lung function tests and provided induced sputum. Antibodies to citrullinated (CitP) and the corresponding norleucine-containing (NorP) peptides in the sputum of the RA patients and control subjects, as well as in the serum of the RA patients, were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay...
April 2018: Journal of Clinical Rheumatology: Practical Reports on Rheumatic & Musculoskeletal Diseases
Feng Huang, Maogen Chen, Weiqian Chen, Jian Gu, Jia Yuan, Yaoqiu Xue, Junlong Dang, Wenru Su, Julie Wang, Homayoun H Zadeh, Xiaoshun He, Limin Rong, Nancy Olsen, Song Guo Zheng
Mesenchymal stem cells have the capacity to maintain immune homeostasis and prevent autoimmunity. We recently reported that human-derived gingival mesenchymal stem cells (GMSCs) have strong capacity to suppress immune responses and T cell-mediated collagen-induced arthritis in animals. However, it is unclear whether these cells can suppress human T cell-mediated diseases. Here, we used a xenogenic GVHD model in the NOD/SCID mouse, which is a useful preclinical construct for evaluating the therapeutic and translational potential of this approach for applications in human disease...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
Yuga Komaki, Akihiro Yamada, Fukiko Komaki, Praneeth Kudaravalli, Dejan Micic, Akio Ido, Atsushi Sakuraba
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of biosimilars of anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α agents compared to their reference agents in immune mediated diseases. METHODS: Electronic databases were searched for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) assessing the efficacy and safety of biosimilars of anti-TNF-α agents compared to their reference agents in patients with various immune mediated diseases. The outcomes were the rates of clinical response and adverse events among patients treated with biosimilars compared to their reference agents...
May 2017: Journal of Autoimmunity
Fukiko Komaki, Yuga Komaki, Dejan Micic, Akio Ido, Atsushi Sakuraba
BACKGROUND: Immune mediated diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis (RA), ankylosing spondylitis (AS), and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) commonly affect young and adolescent females. Anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α agents are increasingly used to treat these conditions, but their safety during pregnancy remains unclear. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the risk of pregnancy related outcomes in patients with various immune mediated diseases treated with anti-TNF-α agents...
January 2017: Journal of Autoimmunity
Masahiko Fukasawa, Yoshihiro Akazawa, Shigeru Kasugai, Koshi Mikami, Yoshimitsu Saito, Masatoshi Akutsu, Aibi Akashi, Kojiro Ido, Ichiro Maeda, Masahiro Hoshikawa, Izumi Koizuka
Other iatrogenic immunodeficiency-associated lymphoproliferative disorders (OIIA-LPD) comprise lymphoid proliferations or lymphomas that arise in patients treated with immunosuppressive drugs for autoimmune diseases, especially rheumatoid arthritis (RA) treated with methotrexate (MTX). MTX has been increasingly administered to patients with RA, resulting in methotrexate-associated lymphoproliferative disorder (MTX-LPD) in patients. We report herein on four cases of patients with RA, who diagnosed with head and neck region...
May 2016: Nihon Jibiinkoka Gakkai Kaiho
Jung-Yeon Lim, Keon-Il Im, Eun-Sol Lee, Nayoun Kim, Young-Sun Nam, Young-Woo Jeon, Seok-Goo Cho
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) possess immunomodulatory properties and have potential, however, there have been conflicting reports regarding their effects in rheumatoid arthritis (RA), which causes inflammation and destruction of the joints. Through a comparative analysis of regulatory T (Treg) and IL-10-producing type 1 regulatory T (Tr1) cells, we hypothesized that Tr1 cells enhance the immunoregulatory functions of MSCs, and that a combinatorial approach to cell therapy may exert synergistic immunomodulatory effects in an experimental animal model of rheumatoid arthritis (RA)...
June 1, 2016: Scientific Reports
Karen Put, Ellen Brisse, Anneleen Avau, Maya Imbrechts, Tania Mitera, Rik Janssens, Paul Proost, Francesca Fallarino, Carine H Wouters, Patrick Matthys
OBJECTIVES: Indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase-1 (IDO1) is an immune-modulatory enzyme that catalyzes the degradation of tryptophan (Trp) to kynurenine (Kyn) and is strongly induced by interferon (IFN)-γ. We previously reported highly increased levels of IFN-γ and corresponding IDO activity in patients with hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH), a hyper-inflammatory syndrome. On the other hand, IFN-γ and IDO were low in patients with systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis (sJIA), an autoinflammatory syndrome...
2016: PloS One
Patricia Luz-Crawford, Maria J Torres, Daniele Noël, Ainoa Fernandez, Karine Toupet, Francisca Alcayaga-Miranda, Gautier Tejedor, Christian Jorgensen, Sebastian E Illanes, Fernando E Figueroa, Farida Djouad, Maroun Khoury
Recently, a noninvasive and highly proliferative stem cell population from menstrual blood called MenSCs has been identified. Despite their use in clinical studies, their immunomodulatory properties have not yet been investigated. In this context, we studied the immunosuppressive properties of MenSCs in comparison with the well-characterized bone marrow derived-MSCs (BM-MSCs). Using an in vitro proliferation assays, we showed that MenSCs displayed a lower suppressive effect on peripheral blood mononuclear cells and in particular on the proinflammatory CD4(+) IFN-γ(+) and CD8(+) IFNγ(+) cells than BM-MSCs...
February 2016: Stem Cells
Gregory Oxenkrug, Marieke van der Hart, Paul Summergrad
Experimental data suggested involvement of tryptophan (Trp) - kynurenine (Kyn) pathway (TKP) in mechanisms of autoimmune, type 1 (T1D), and metabolic, type 2 (T2D), diabetes. However, clinical evaluations of TKP metabolites were limited to T2D. We assessed Trp, Kyn and TKP metabolites: anthranilic (AA), kynurenic (KYNA) and xanthurenic (XA) acids, in plasma samples of fifteen T1D, thirty T2D patients and twenty eight non-diabetic subjects by HPLC-mass spectrometry. Trp concentrations were higher in T1D than in T2D and controls while Kyn concentrations were not changed suggesting down-regulation of indoleamine-2,3-dioxygenase (IDO), a rate-limiting enzyme of TKP, in T1D...
2015: Integrative Molecular Medicine
So-Youn Min, Mei Yan, Sang Bum Kim, Sneha Ravikumar, Seong-Ryuel Kwon, Kamala Vanarsa, Ho-Youn Kim, Laurie S Davis, Chandra Mohan
BACKGROUND: The activity of one of the major catechins in Green Tea, the polyphenol (-)-epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG), has been shown to have a variety of health benefits. Recent studies suggest that EGCG can modulate both the innate and adaptive arms of the immune system. The goal of the current studies was to examine the immunomodulatory effects and mechanisms of action of EGCG on experimental arthritis in mice. METHODS: EGCG (10 mg/kg) was administered by oral gavage after CIA induction, while control mice were administered phosphate buffered saline (PBS)...
2015: Journal of Inflammation
Rui Liu, Xia Li, Zhuoya Zhang, Min Zhou, Yue Sun, Dinglei Su, Xuebing Feng, Xiang Gao, Songtao Shi, Wanjun Chen, Lingyun Sun
T follicular helper (Tfh) cells provide help for antigen-specific B cells. We have previously shown that Tfh cell frequency was increased and associated with auto-antibodies in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), suggesting a possible involvement of Tfh cells in its pathogenesis. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) represent a promising alternative cell therapy for RA by modulating T and B cell activation and proliferation. However, it remains unknown whether MSCs have immunoregulation on Tfh cells. In this paper, we have demonstrated that allogeneic MSCs could suppress Tfh cell differentiation in RA patients partly via the production of indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO)...
2015: Scientific Reports
Cheng Zhao, Lu Zhang, Wei Kong, Jun Liang, Xinyun Xu, Hongyan Wu, Xuebing Feng, Bingzhu Hua, Hong Wang, Lingyun Sun
This study aimed to determine whether umbilical cord-derived mesenchymal stem cells (UCMSC) regulate Cadherin-11 (CDH11) expression by fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLS) in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). FLS were isolated from the synovium of RA and osteoarthritis (OA) patients. FLS from RA patients were cocultured with UCMSC in a transwell system. CDH11 mRNA levels in FLS were tested, and levels of soluble factors expressed by UCMSC, such as indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO), hepatocyte growth factor (HGF), and interleukin- (IL-) 10, were determined...
2015: Journal of Immunology Research
Pablo Mancheño-Corvo, Ramón Menta, Borja del Río, Marcella Franquesa, Cristina Ramírez, Martin J Hoogduijn, Olga DelaRosa, Wilfried Dalemans, Eleuterio Lombardo
The immunomodulatory properties of mesenchymal stem/stromal cells (MSCs) make them an attractive therapeutic tool to treat chronic inflammatory diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis or Crohn's disease. These indications are characterized by a chronic activation of immune cells that perpetuates the disease. In vitro, when adipose mesenchymal stem cells (ASCs) are cultured with T lymphocytes at the time of stimulation, their proliferation is inhibited. However, these experimental settings do not necessarily fit with what ASCs will face in inflammatory conditions in vivo, where ASCs will likely encounter and interact with already activated immune cells which might affect their immunomodulatory capacity...
September 15, 2015: Stem Cells and Development
Rodrigo Arreola, Enrique Becerril-Villanueva, Carlos Cruz-Fuentes, Marco Antonio Velasco-Velázquez, María Eugenia Garcés-Alvarez, Gabriela Hurtado-Alvarado, Saray Quintero-Fabian, Lenin Pavón
Serotonin (5-HT) induces concentration-dependent metabolic effects in diverse cell types, including neurons, entherochromaffin cells, adipocytes, pancreatic beta-cells, fibroblasts, smooth muscle cells, epithelial cells, and leukocytes. Three classes of genes regulating 5-HT function are constitutively expressed or induced in these cells: (a) membrane proteins that regulate the response to 5-HT, such as SERT, 5HTR-GPCR, and the 5HT3-ion channels; (b) downstream signaling transduction proteins; and (c) enzymes controlling 5-HT metabolism, such as IDO and MAO, which can generate biologically active catabolites, including melatonin, kynurenines, and kynurenamines...
2015: Journal of Immunology Research
Lingling Zhang, Jingjing Fu, Kangliang Sheng, Ying Li, Shanshan Song, Peipei Li, Shasha Song, Qingtong Wang, Jingyu Chen, Jianhua Yu, Wei Wei
Tolerogenic dendritic cells (DCs) are well-known to show an immunosuppressive function. In this study we determine the therapeutic effects and potential mechanisms of transferred bone marrow (BM) CD11b(+)F4/80(+) DCs on collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) in mice. Murine BM CD11b(+)F4/80(+) DCs were generated under the stimulation of GM-CSF and IL-4, and the function of BM CD11b(+) F4/80(+) DCs was identified by measuring the levels of IL-10, TGF-beta and indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO). BM CD11b(+)F4/80(+) DCs were transferred to CIA mice by intravenous injections...
March 2015: International Immunopharmacology
Jie Yang, Yiming Yang, Huahua Fan, Hejian Zou
TGF-β-induced regulatory T cells (iTregs) retain Foxp3 expression and immune-suppressive activity in collagen-induced arthritis (CIA). However, the mechanisms whereby transferred iTregs suppress immune responses, particularly the interplay between iTregs and dendritic cells (DCs) in vivo, remain incompletely understood. In this study, we found that after treatment with iTregs, splenic CD11c(+)DCs, termed "DCiTreg," expressed tolerogenic phenotypes, secreted high levels of IL-10, TGF-β, and IDO, and showed potent immunosuppressive activity in vitro...
2014: Journal of Immunology Research
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