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hypericum depression

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353203/the-water-extract-of-tutsan-hypericum-androsaemum-l-red-berries-exerts-antidepressive-like-effects-and-in-vivo-antioxidant-activity-in-a-mouse-model-of-post-stroke-depression
#1
Seyed Mohammad Nabavi, Seyed Fazel Nabavi, Antoni Sureda, Giovanni Caprioli, Romilde Iannarelli, Arold Jorel Tsetegho Sokeng, Nady Braidy, Sedigheh Khanjani, Akbar Hajizadeh Moghaddam, Atanas G Atanasov, Maria Daglia, Filippo Maggi
Hypericum androsaemum L., commonly known as 'tutsan' or 'shrubby St. John's Wort', is a member of the Hypericum genus found growing spontaneously in the Mediterranean area and is cultivated extensively as an ornamental plant due to the showy color variation in its fresh berry-like capsules, which turn from red to shiny black as they ripen. Tutsan has also been used in Portuguese and Spanish folk medicine to treat depression. In this study, we assessed the beneficial role of the water extract of H. androsaemum red berries (WE) in an experimental animal model of post-stroke depression...
January 16, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210088/exodermis-and-endodermis-are-the-sites-of-xanthone-biosynthesis-in-hypericum-perforatum-roots
#2
Noemi Tocci, Mariam Gaid, Filip Kaftan, Asma K Belkheir, Ines Belhadj, Benye Liu, Aleš Svatoš, Robert Hänsch, Gabriella Pasqua, Ludger Beerhues
Xanthones are specialized metabolites with antimicrobial properties, which accumulate in roots of Hypericum perforatum. This medicinal plant provides widely taken remedies for depressive episodes and skin disorders. Owing to the array of pharmacological activities, xanthone derivatives attract attention for drug design. Little is known about the sites of biosynthesis and accumulation of xanthones in roots. Xanthone biosynthesis is localized at the transcript, protein, and product levels using in situ mRNA hybridization, indirect immunofluorescence detection, and high lateral and mass resolution mass spectrometry imaging (AP-SMALDI-FT-Orbitrap MSI), respectively...
December 6, 2017: New Phytologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018896/hypericum-perforatum-extract-modulates-cortical-plasticity-in-humans
#3
Carmen Concerto, Hyunji Boo, Charles Hu, Priam Sandilya, Anita Krish, Eileen Chusid, Diego Coira, Eugenio Aguglia, Fortunato Battaglia
BACKGROUND: Hypericum perforatum (HYP) extract is one of the most commonly used complementary alternative medicines (CAMs) for the treatment of mild-to-moderate depression. Non-invasive brain stimulation protocols can be used to investigate the effect of psychoactive substances on the human brain. In this study, we explored the effect of a single dose of HYP extract (WS 5570) intake on corticospinal excitability and plasticity in humans. METHODS: Twenty-eight healthy subjects were required to intake 900 mg of either HYP extract or placebo...
October 10, 2017: Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951674/prevalence-of-self-medication-practice-with-herbal-products-among-non-psychotic-psychiatric-patients-from-southeastern-serbia-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Nikola M Stojanović, Ljiljana Samardžić, Pavle J Randjelović, Niko S Radulović
The aim of this study was to evaluate the usage prevalence of herbal products (HP) and to ascertain the identity, mode and adverse effects of plant taxa used in self-medication practice for anxiety, depression and insomnia in patients with non-psychotic disorders originating from southeastern Serbia. Also, we compared HP users and non-users on the variables of socio-demographic characteristics, information source and origin of HP. The study was done by a face-to-face interview with a trained psychiatrist using a structured questionnaire administered to 136 adult patients suffering from non-psychotic mental disorders...
September 2017: Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal: SPJ: the Official Publication of the Saudi Pharmaceutical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943862/the-chemical-and-antibacterial-evaluation-of-st-john-s-wort-oil-macerates-used-in-kosovar-traditional-medicine
#5
James T Lyles, Austin Kim, Kate Nelson, Angelle L Bullard-Roberts, Avni Hajdari, Behxhet Mustafa, Cassandra L Quave
Hypericum perforatum L. (Hypericaceae), or St. John's Wort, is a well-known medicinal herb often associated with the treatment of anxiety and depression. Additionally, an oil macerate (Oleum Hyperici) of its flowering aerial parts is widely used in traditional medicine across the Balkans as a topical wound and ulcer salve. Other studies have shown that Oleum Hyperici reduces both wound size and healing time. Of its active constituents, the naphthodianthrone hypericin and phloroglucinol hyperforin are effective antibacterial compounds against various Gram-positive bacteria...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885074/clinical-risks-of-st-john-s-wort-hypericum-perforatum-co-administration
#6
REVIEW
Samaneh Soleymani, Roodabeh Bahramsoltani, Roja Rahimi, Mohammad Abdollahi
St. John's wort (SJW) is a common medicinal herb used for the treatment of mild to moderate depression. Hyperforin, one of the chief components of SJW, plays an important role in the induction of cytochrome P450 enzymes (CYP) and P-glycoprotein transporter (P-gp), and therefore, affects the pharmacokinetics of various drugs. There are several clinical studies demonstrating the interaction of SJW with the metabolism of conventional drugs which may cause life-threatening events. Areas covered: This review focuses on human studies that have evaluated pharmacokinetic alterations of conventional drugs in concomitant use with different SJW preparations...
October 2017: Expert Opinion on Drug Metabolism & Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685911/combined-lifestyle-and-herbal-medicine-in-overweight-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-pcos-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Susan Arentz, Caroline A Smith, Jason Abbott, Paul Fahey, Birinder S Cheema, Alan Bensoussan
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common, complex reproductive endocrinopathy characterized by menstrual irregularities, hyperandrogenism and polycystic ovaries. Lifestyle modification is a first-line intervention; however, there are barriers to success for this form of self-care, and women often seek adjunct therapies including herbal medicines. This pragmatic, randomized controlled trial, delivered in communities of Australia in overweight women with PCOS, compared the effectiveness and safety of a lifestyle intervention plus herbal medicine against lifestyle alone...
September 2017: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653745/st-john-s-wort-for-depression-scoping-review-about-perceptions-and-use-by-general-practitioners-in-clinical-practice
#8
Kirsty Forsdike, Marie Pirotta
BACKGROUND: Extracts of Hypericum perforatum, more commonly known as St John's wort (SJW), have good evidence for treating depression. The herb is easily accessible and widely used by consumers, although it has potential for interaction with other medicines. Consumers' use of SJW is often not discussed with their general practitioners (GPs). It is unclear how GPs perceive use of SJW in practice and the implications for consumers and pharmacists. OBJECTIVE: Explore GPs' perception of SJW use in practice...
June 27, 2017: Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502251/st-john-s-wort-hypericum-perforatum-induced-psychosis-a-case-report
#9
Maria Ferrara, Francesco Mungai, Fabrizio Starace
BACKGROUND: St John's wort (Hypericum perforatum) has been known for centuries for its therapeutic properties and its efficacy as an antidepressant has been confirmed by a growing body of evidence. During the last two decades it has also come to prominence with a wider public, due to advertising efforts across Europe and United States of America. However, its availability without prescription, as an over-the-counter medication, raises some concern regarding its clinical management and unsupervised administration to individuals with psychopathological risks...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293192/indole-alkaloids-from-plants-as-potential-leads-for-antidepressant-drugs-a-mini-review
#10
Hazrulrizawati A Hamid, Aizi N M Ramli, Mashitah M Yusoff
Depression is the most common illness observed in the elderly, adults, and children. Antidepressants prescribed are usually synthetic drugs and these can sometimes cause a wide range of unpleasant side effects. Current research is focussed on natural products from plants as they are a rich source of potent new drug leads. Besides Hypericum perforatum (St. John's wort), the plants studied include Passiflora incarnata L. (passion flower), Mitragyna speciosa (kratom), Piper methysticum G. Forst (kava) and Valeriana officinalis L...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216196/hypericum-perforatum-st-john-s-wort-beyond-depression-a-therapeutic-perspective-for-pain-conditions
#11
REVIEW
Nicoletta Galeotti
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Hypericum perforatum L. (Hypericaceae), popularly called St. John's wort (SJW), has a rich historical background being one of the oldest used and most extensively investigated medicinal herbs. Many bioactivities and applications of SJW are listed in popular and in scientific literature, including antibacterial, antiviral, anti-inflammatory. In the last three decades many studies focused on the antidepressant activity of SJW extracts. However, several studies in recent years also described the antinociceptive and analgesic properties of SJW that validate the traditional uses of the plant in pain conditions...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137525/hypericum-perforatum-st-john-s-wort-as-a-possible-therapeutic-alternative-for-the-management-of-trigeminal-neuralgia-tn-a-case-report
#12
Khalil Assiri, Yagoub Alyami, James M Uyanik, Marcela Romero-Reyes
Hypericum perforatum (St. John's Wort) is an alternative remedy used primarily for depression but also is used for rheumatism, gastroenteritis, headache and neuralgias. The mechanism of action of Hypericum perforatum comprehends a neurotransmitter inhibitory profile, and potential anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant effects suggesting a role for pain management. In this case report, we describe a 53-year-old Hispanic female patient who came to our orofacial pain clinical service presenting with a history of trigeminal neuralgia (TN)...
February 2017: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064110/clinical-use-of-hypericum-perforatum-st-john-s-wort-in-depression-a-meta-analysis
#13
REVIEW
Qin Xiang Ng, Nandini Venkatanarayanan, Collin Yih Xian Ho
INTRODUCTION: St John's wort is a popular herbal remedy recommended by Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) practitioners and licensed and widely prescribed for depression in many European countries. However, conflicting data regarding its benefits and risks exist, and the last large meta-analysis on St John's wort use for depression was done in 2008, with no updated meta-analysis available. METHODS: Using the keywords [St John's Wort OR Hypericum perforatum OR hypericin OR hyperforin OR johanniskraut OR] AND [depression OR antidepressant OR SSRI], a preliminary search (without language restriction) on the PubMed, Ovid, Clinical Trials Register of the Cochrane Collaboration Depression, Anxiety and Neurosis Group, Cochrane Field for Complementary Medicine, China National Knowledge Infrastructure and WanFang database yielded 5428 papers between 1-Jan-1960 and 1-May-2016...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981406/effects-of-hypericum-scabrum-extract-on-anxiety-and-oxidative-stress-biomarkers-in-rats-fed-a-long-term-high-fat-diet
#14
Ahmad Ganji, Iraj Salehi, Abdolrahman Sarihi, Siamak Shahidi, Alireza Komaki
The continuous and long-term consumption of a high-fat diet (HFD) leads to weight gain and obesity. A HFD and obesity increase the risks of psychiatric disorders, such as anxiety and depression. In this study, we investigated the effects of a Hypericum Scabrum (H. scabrum) extract, which is an antioxidant, on anxiety in rats fed a long-term HFD. Sixty male Wistar rats were divided into the following six groups: (1) Control (standard diet), (2) Ext100 [standard diet supplemented with extract (100 mg/kg once/day)], (3) Ext300 [standard diet supplemented with extract (300 mg/kg once/day)], (4) HFD, (HFD), (5) HFD + Ext100, and (6) HFD + Ext300...
April 2017: Metabolic Brain Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27762349/hypericum-perforatum-as-a-cognitive-enhancer-in-rodents-a-meta-analysis
#15
Daniel Ben-Eliezer, Eldad Yechiam
Considered an antidepressant and anti-anxiety agent, Hypericum perforatum affects multiple neurotransmitters in a non-competitive synergistic manner, and may have nootropic potential. We quantitatively reviewed the pre-clinical literature to examine if there is a cognitive-enhancing effect of H. perforatum in healthy rodents. Additionally, within these studies, we compared the effects observed in intact rodents versus those whose performance has been impaired, mostly through stress manipulations. The meta-analysis incorporated studies that examined the effect of H...
October 20, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27589952/a-systematic-review-of-st-john-s-wort-for-major-depressive-disorder
#16
Eric A Apaydin, Alicia R Maher, Roberta Shanman, Marika S Booth, Jeremy N V Miles, Melony E Sorbero, Susanne Hempel
BACKGROUND: This systematic review evaluated St. John's wort (SJW) for the treatment of Major Depressive Disorder (MDD). The objectives of this review are to (1) evaluate the efficacy and safety of SJW in adults with MDD compared to placebo and active comparator and (2) evaluate whether the effects vary by severity of MDD. METHODS: We searched PubMed, CINAHL, PsycINFO, CENTRAL, Embase, AMED, MANTIS, Web of Science, and ICTRP and existing reviews to November 2014...
September 2, 2016: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27462333/neuroprotective-activity-of-hypericum-perforatum-and-its-major-components
#17
REVIEW
Ana I Oliveira, Cláudia Pinho, Bruno Sarmento, Alberto C P Dias
Hypericum perforatum is a perennial plant, with worldwide distribution, commonly known as St. John's wort. It has been used for centuries in traditional medicine for the treatment of several disorders, such as minor burns, anxiety, and mild to moderate depression. In the past years, its antidepressant properties have been extensively studied. Despite that, other H. perforatum biological activities, as its neuroprotective properties have also been evaluated. The present review aims to provide a comprehensive summary of the main biologically active compounds of H...
2016: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27446151/benzophenone-synthase-and-chalcone-synthase-accumulate-in-the-mesophyll-of-hypericum-perforatum-leaves-at-different-developmental-stages
#18
Asma K Belkheir, Mariam Gaid, Benye Liu, Robert Hänsch, Ludger Beerhues
The active medicinal constituents in Hypericum perforatum, used to treat depression and skin irritation, include flavonoids and xanthones. The carbon skeletons of these compounds are formed by chalcone synthase (CHS) and benzophenone synthase (BPS), respectively. Polyclonal antisera were raised against the polyketide synthases from Hypericum androsaemum and their IgG fractions were isolated. Immunoblotting and immunotitration were used to test the IgGs for crossreactivity and monospecificity in H. perforatum leaf protein extract...
2016: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27343017/st-john-s-wort-versus-counterfeit-st-john-s-wort-an-hptlc-study
#19
Débora A Frommenwiler, Eike Reich, Sidney Sudberg, Maged H M Sharaf, Anton Bzhelyansky, Ben Lucas
Hypericum perforatum L. is the most commonly used herb for treating depression. Due to the popularity of this botanical, there is a potential for economically driven adulteration of St. John's wort (SJW) products. The goal of this study was to investigate SJW ingredients suspected to be adulterated based on simple preliminary HPTLC tests. Commercial samples were analyzed by HPTLC following the United States Pharmacopeia (USP) monograph methodology, with additional visualization under white light. A number of these samples presented odd methanolic solution colors and unconventional HPTLC fingerprints, suggesting the presence of other species and/or extraneous polar additives...
September 2016: Journal of AOAC International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27161105/efficacy-of-hypericum-extract-ws-%C3%A2-5570-compared-with-paroxetine-in-patients-with-a-moderate-major-depressive-episode-a-subgroup-analysis
#20
Erich Seifritz, Martin Hatzinger, Edith Holsboer-Trachsler
OBJECTIVES: efficacy and tolerability of WS(®) 5570 for the treatment of acute mild-to-moderate depression, has been demonstrated in various studies. Here, we present a subgroup analysis of a double blind, randomised trial to compare the therapeutic efficacy of WS(®) 5570 with paroxetine in patients suffering from a major depressive episode with moderate symptom intensity. METHODS: moderate depression was defined by a baseline Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAM-D) total score between 22 and 25...
September 2016: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
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