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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724149/using-reflections-to-evaluate-the-stfm-behavioral-science-family-systems-educator-fellowship
#1
Deborah A Taylor, Victoria Gorski, Sandra K Burge
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: A group of family medicine educators identified a need and developed a 1-year fellowship for early career behavioral science educators. This occurred in response to a reduction in previous opportunities and resources. The program was designed to shape and mentor new behavioral science faculty teaching in family medicine departments and programs. Quantitative data analysis from pre- and post-fellowship survey data from years 1-4 confirmed fellowship objectives were met...
July 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724014/prescription-medication-by-physiotherapists-a-brazilian-view-of-the-united-kingdom-canada-australia-and-new-zealand
#2
Valton da Silva Costa
Many health systems (HS) have adopted novel models of care which have included non-medical prescription (NMP) by physiotherapists. The aim of this study was to verify in the literature the existence of this practice and its possible benefits. A literature review was carried out through search on Science Direct, PubMed, SciELO, Lilacs and Google Scholar, and in the World Confederation for Physical Therapy and Chartered Society of Physiotherapy websites. In recent decades the United Kingdom adopted the NMP for health professionals, followed by Canada...
July 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723311/visual-perceptual-learning-and-models
#3
Barbara Dosher, Zhong-Lin Lu
Visual perceptual learning through practice or training can significantly improve performance on visual tasks. Originally seen as a manifestation of plasticity in the primary visual cortex, perceptual learning is more readily understood as improvements in the function of brain networks that integrate processes, including sensory representations, decision, attention, and reward, and balance plasticity with system stability. This review considers the primary phenomena of perceptual learning, theories of perceptual learning, and perceptual learning's effect on signal and noise in visual processing and decision...
July 19, 2017: Annual Review of Vision Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722549/adaptive-reuse-in-the-healthcare-industry-repurposing-abandoned-buildings-to-serve-medical-missions
#4
James K Elrod, John L Fortenberry
BACKGROUND: Adaptive reuse-the practice of identifying, acquiring, renovating, and placing back into service a building or similar structure for a purpose different than that for which it was originally designed-offers great potential for addressing the spatial expansion needs of healthcare establishments in a unique and mutually beneficial manner. This repurposing approach, however, has received very little attention in the health sciences literature, diminishing the opportunities of those serving in hospitals, medical clinics, and related care providing institutions to acquire an understanding of the practice...
July 11, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722444/topographically-flat-nanoplasmonic-sensor-chips-for-biosensing-and-materials-science
#5
Ferry Anggoro Ardy Nugroho, Rickard Frost, Tomasz J Antosiewicz, Joachim Fritzsche, Elin M Larsson Langhammer, Christoph Langhammer
Nanoplasmonic sensors typically comprise arrangements of noble metal nanoparticles on a dielectric support. Thus, they are intrinsically characterized by surface topography with corrugations at the 10-100 nm length scale. While irrelevant in some bio- and chemosensing applications, it is also to be expected that the surface topography significantly influences the interaction between solids, fluids, nanoparticles and (bio)molecules, and the nanoplasmonic sensor surface. To address this issue, we present a wafer-scale nanolithography-based fabrication approach for high-temperature compatible, chemically inert, topographically flat, and laterally homogeneous nanoplasmonic sensor chips...
January 27, 2017: ACS Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722393/multiligand-metal-phenolic-assembly-from-green-tea-infusions
#6
Md Arifur Rahim, Mattias Björnmalm, Nadja Bertleff-Zieschang, Yi Ju, Srinivas Mettu, Michael G Leeming, Frank Caruso
The synthesis of hybrid functional materials using the coordination-driven assembly of metal-phenolic networks (MPNs) is of interest in diverse areas of materials science. To date, MPN assembly has been explored as monoligand systems (i.e., containing a single type of phenolic ligand) where the phenolic components are primarily obtained from natural sources via extraction, isolation, and purification processes. Herein, we demonstrate the fabrication of MPNs from a readily available, crude phenolic source-green tea (GT) infusions...
July 19, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719221/biosimilars-biologics-that-meet-patients-needs-and-healthcare-economics
#7
Mark McCamish, William Yoon, James McKay
Biologics have revolutionized medical care, yet uniform access to these effective medicines remains difficult due to the increasing costs of healthcare. As patent exclusivity on the early biologics wanes, regulatory and legal systems are adapting to bring competition to the field in the form of biosimilars. Biosimilars are biologics that offer the same clinical benefit in one or more of the same indications as the reference biologic drug and bring competition to the biologics space. Legislation creating a pathway resulting in the first US approvals of biosimilars has been in place since 2010, but the regulatory methodology and science of evaluating the sameness of two biologics has been in use for decades...
September 2016: American Journal of Managed Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718304/the-role-of-surgery-in-low-grade-gliomas-do-timing-and-extent-of-resection-matter
#8
Hugues Duffau
Hugues Duffau is a Professor and Chairman of the Neurosurgery Department in the Montpellier University Medical Center and Head of the INSERM 1051 Team "plasticity of the central nervous system, human stem cells and glial tumors" at the Institute for Neurosciences of Montpellier (France). He is an expert in the awake cognitive neurosurgery of slow-growing brain tumors, such as low-grade gliomas, a routine which he has developed since 20 years. His fundamental approach is centered on the concepts of the brain connectomics and neuroplasticity, breaking with the traditional localizationist view of cerebral processing...
July 18, 2017: CNS Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718292/structural-characterization-of-ordered-non-close-packed-functionalized-silica-nanoparticles-on-gold-surfaces
#9
Christian Grunewald, Madlen Schmudde, Christina Graf, Thomas Risse
Nanostructured surfaces play an important role in modern science and technology. In particular, ordered arrangements of nonclose-packed nanoparticles created by self-assembly offer a versatile route to prepare systems, which can be used in various applications such as sensing, plasmonic devices or antireflection coatings. Self-assembly based systems are particularly appealing as preparation is rather simple. The ability of nanoparticle systems to form nonclosed packed monolayers by self-assembly depends on the balance of various energetic contributions in particular the adsorption energy, the lateral barrier for diffusion and the repulsion between particles...
July 18, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718244/depression-in-type-2-diabetic-patients-presenting-to-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-pakistan
#10
Ahmed Farhan, Amir Raza Ayub, Jamal Zafar
BACKGROUND: Diabetes affects almost every system including mental health. When depression and diabetes coexist, the outcome is even worse. This study was conducted to find the prevalence of comorbid depression in diabetic patients and its association with diabetic control. METHODS: This was a descriptive cross sectional observational study conducted in the department of general medicine of Pakistan Institute of Medical Sciences, Islamabad from March to September 2014...
April 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717517/knowledge-mapping-visualization-analysis-of-the-military-health-and-medicine-papers-published-in-the-web-of-science-over-the-past-10%C3%A2-years
#11
Xuan-Ming Zhang, Xuan Zhang, Xu Luo, Hai-Tao Guo, Li-Qun Zhang, Ji-Wei Guo
BACKGROUND: Military medicine is a research field that seeks to solve the medical problems that occur in modern war conditions based on public medicine theory. METHODS: We explore the main research topics of military health and medical research in the web of science™ core collection (WoSCC) from 2007 to 2016, and the goal of this work is to serve as a reference for orientation and development in military health and medicine. Based on CiteSpace III, a reference co-citation analysis is performed for 7921 papers published in the WoSCC from 2007 to 2016...
2017: Military Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717412/diffusion-magnetic-resonance-imaging-a-molecular-imaging-tool-caught-between-hope-hype-and-the-real-world-of-personalized-oncology
#12
REVIEW
Abhishek Mahajan, Sneha S Deshpande, Meenakshi H Thakur
"Personalized oncology" is a multi-disciplinary science, which requires inputs from various streams for optimal patient management. Humongous progress in the treatment modalities available and the increasing need to provide functional information in addition to the morphological data; has led to leaping progress in the field of imaging. Magnetic resonance imaging has undergone tremendous progress with various newer MR techniques providing vital functional information and is becoming the cornerstone of "radiomics/radiogenomics"...
June 28, 2017: World Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716982/real-world-setting-comparison-of-nonvitamin-k-antagonist-oral-anticoagulants-versus-vitamin-k-antagonists-for-stroke-prevention-in-atrial-fibrillation-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
George Ntaios, Vasileios Papavasileiou, Konstantinos Makaritsis, Konstantinos Vemmos, Patrik Michel, Gregory Y H Lip
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Evidence from the real-world setting complements evidence coming from randomized controlled trials. We aimed to summarize all available evidence from high-quality real-world observational studies about efficacy and safety of nonvitamin-K oral anticoagulants compared with vitamin-K antagonists in patients with atrial fibrillation. METHODS: We searched PubMed and Web of Science until January 7, 2017 for observational nationwide or health insurance databases reporting matched or adjusted results comparing nonvitamin-K oral anticoagulants versus vitamin-K antagonists in patients with atrial fibrillation...
July 17, 2017: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716784/protocol-for-a-prospective-observational-study-to-improve-prehospital-notification-of-injured-patients-presenting-to-trauma-centres-in-india
#14
Biswadev Mitra, Joseph Mathew, Amit Gupta, Peter Cameron, Gerard O'Reilly, Kapil Dev Soni, Gaurav Kaushik, Teresa Howard, Madonna Fahey, Michael Stephenson, Vineet Kumar, Sharad Vyas, Satish Dharap, Pankaj Patel, Advait Thakor, Naveen Sharma, Tony Walker, Mahesh Chandra Misra, Russell Gruen, Mark Fitzgerald
INTRODUCTION: Prehospital notification of injured patients enables prompt and timely care in hospital through adequate preparation of trauma teams, space, equipment and consumables necessary for resuscitation, and may improve outcomes. In India, anecdotal reports suggest that prehospital notification, in those few places where it occurs, is unstructured and not linked to a well-defined hospital response. The aim of this manuscript is to describe, in detail, a study protocol for the evaluation of a formalised approach to prehospital notification...
July 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716648/applications-of-high-speed-atomic-force-microscopy-to-real-time-visualization-of-dynamic-biomolecular-processes
#15
REVIEW
Takayuki Uchihashi, Simon Scheuring
BACKGROUND: Many biological processes in a living cell are consequences of sequential and hierarchical dynamic events of biological macromolecules such as molecular interactions and conformational changes. Hence, knowledge of structures, assembly and dynamics of proteins is the foundation for understanding how biological molecules work. Among several techniques to analyze dynamics of proteins, high-speed atomic force microscopy (HS-AFM) is unique to provide direct information about both structure and dynamics of single proteins at work...
July 14, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716581/diversifying-food-systems-in-the-pursuit-of-sustainable-food-production-and-healthy-diets
#16
REVIEW
Sangam L Dwivedi, Edith T Lammerts van Bueren, Salvatore Ceccarelli, Stefania Grando, Hari D Upadhyaya, Rodomiro Ortiz
Increasing demand for nutritious, safe, and healthy food because of a growing population, and the pledge to maintain biodiversity and other resources, pose a major challenge to agriculture that is already threatened by a changing climate. Diverse and healthy diets, largely based on plant-derived food, may reduce diet-related illnesses. Investments in plant sciences will be necessary to design diverse cropping systems balancing productivity, sustainability, and nutritional quality. Cultivar diversity and nutritional quality are crucial...
July 14, 2017: Trends in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716431/freehand-3-d-ultrasound-imaging-a-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
Mohammad Hamed Mozaffari, Won-Sook Lee
Two-dimensional ultrasound (US) imaging has been successfully used in clinical applications as a low-cost, portable and non-invasive image modality for more than three decades. Recent advances in computer science and technology illustrate the promise of the 3-D US modality as a medical imaging technique that is comparable to other prevalent modalities and that overcomes certain drawbacks of 2-D US. This systematic review covers freehand 3-D US imaging between 1970 and 2017, highlighting the current trends in research fields, the research methods, the main limitations, the leading researchers, standard assessment criteria and clinical applications...
July 14, 2017: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716235/psychosis-in-parkinson-s-disease-from-the-soft-signs-to-the-hard-science
#18
REVIEW
Abhishek Lenka, Priyantha Herath, Rita Christopher, Pramod Kumar Pal
Patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) may develop a wide spectrum of non-motor symptoms during the course of illness. Psychosis is one such commonly observed non-motor symptoms of PD. Although several studies based on neuroimaging, genetics, retinal imaging, and neuropsychological evaluations have explored the pathogenesis of psychosis in PD; exact neural correlates are yet to be understood. Identification of factors related to psychosis in PD is important, as psychosis has been reported to be associated with higher rates of mortality, caregiver distress, and nursing home placements...
August 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715957/the-transduction-cascade-in-retinal-on-bipolar-cells-signal-processing-and-disease
#19
Kirill A Martemyanov, Alapakkam P Sampath
Our robust visual experience is based on the reliable transfer of information from our photoreceptor cells, the rods and cones, to higher brain centers. At the very first synapse of the visual system, information is split into two separate pathways, ON and OFF, which encode increments and decrements in light intensity, respectively. The importance of this segregation is borne out in the fact that receptive fields in higher visual centers maintain a separation between ON and OFF regions. In the past decade, the molecular mechanisms underlying the generation of ON signals have been identified, which is unique in its use of a G-protein signaling cascade...
July 17, 2017: Annual Review of Vision Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715701/synthetic-biological-approaches-to-optogenetically-control-cell-signaling
#20
REVIEW
Katja Kolar, Wilfried Weber
Precise spatial and temporal control of cellular processes is in life sciences a highly sought-after capability. In the recent years, this goal has become progressively achievable through the field of optogenetics, which utilizes light as a non-invasive means to control genetically encoded light-responsive proteins. The latest optogenetic systems, such as those for control of subcellular localization or cellular decision-making and tissue morphogenesis provide us with insights to gain a deeper understanding of the cellular inner workings...
July 14, 2017: Current Opinion in Biotechnology
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