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evidence-based medicine AND curriculum

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103721/evidence-based-medicine-ebm-for-undergraduate-medical-students-a-six-step-integrative-approach
#1
Hani Atwa, Adel Abdelaziz
BACKGROUND: Nowadays, there is an increasing interest in practicing evidence-based medicine (EBM) to provide valid and up-to-date information about health problems and procedures for solving these problems. However, studying EBM among other medical education disciplines remains unsatisfactory. AIM: To design and pilot a basic course on EBM for undergraduate medical students in order to raise the awareness of the Saudi medical education community about this discipline...
January 20, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097829/barriers-to-conducting-research-a-survey-of-trainees-in-emergency-medicine
#2
Alexander Olaussen, Paul A Jennings, Gerard O'Reilly, Biswadev Mitra, Peter A Cameron
OBJECTIVE: Research underpins evidence-based practice, but there are significant barriers to conducting research relevant to each clinical discipline. Understanding these barriers could allow strategies to reduce their impact. The present study was undertaken to understand specific barriers to research for emergency medicine (EM) trainees. METHODS: EM trainees attending research short courses were surveyed. Free-text responses were classified into themes and a list of pre-specified potential barriers was used for ranking purposes...
January 17, 2017: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068362/conflict-of-interest-policies-at-french-medical-schools-starting-from-the-bottom
#3
Paul Scheffer, Christian Guy-Coichard, David Outh-Gauer, Zoéline Calet-Froissart, Mathilde Boursier, Barbara Mintzes, Jean-Sébastien Borde
BACKGROUND: Medical faculties have a role in ensuring that their students are protected from undue commercial influence during their training, and are educated about professional-industry interactions. In North America, many medical faculties have introduced more stringent conflict of interest (COI) policies during the last decade. We asked whether similar steps had been taken in France. We hypothesized that such policies may have been introduced following a 2009-2010 drug safety scandal (benfluorex, Mediator) in which COIs in medicine received prominent press attention...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974170/getting-it-right-the-first-time-defining-regionally-relevant-training-curricula-and-provider-core-competencies-for-point-of-care-ultrasound-education-on-the-african-continent
#4
Margaret Salmon, Megan Landes, Cheryl Hunchak, Justin Paluku, Luc Malemo Kalisya, Christian Salmon, Mundenga Mutendi Muller, Benjamin Wachira, James Mangan, Kajal Chhaganlal, Joseph Kalanzi, Aklilu Azazh, Sara Berman, El-Sayed Zied, Hein Lamprecht
Significant evidence identifies point-of-care ultrasound (PoCUS) as an important diagnostic and therapeutic tool in resource-limited settings. Despite this evidence, local health care providers on the African continent continue to have limited access to and use of ultrasound, even in potentially high-impact fields such as obstetrics and trauma. Dedicated postgraduate emergency medicine residency training programs now exist in 8 countries, yet no current consensus exists in regard to core PoCUS competencies...
December 11, 2016: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965267/evidence-based-medicine-a-persisting-desire-under-fire
#5
Fares Alahdab, Samer Alabed, Ahmed Al-Moujahed, Mohammad Anass Al Sallakh, Tareq Alyousef, Ubai Alsharif, Munes Fares, M Hassan Murad
Healthcare infrastructure and medical schools in Syria have been greatly compromised by military conflict and humanitarian disaster. Medical students and healthcare professionals reached out for remote learning opportunities. Surprisingly, they desired a curriculum in evidence-based medicine. We report on a curriculum that was delivered to 126 learners using an online remote delivery platform. This experience demonstrates the feasibility of this approach in disaster-stricken areas and underscores the importance of evidence-based medicine even under such conditions...
December 13, 2016: Evidence-based Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917222/access-attitudes-and-training-in-information-technologies-and-evidence-based-medicine-among-medical-students-at-university-of-zimbabwe-college-of-health-sciences
#6
Swapnil Parve, Ali Ershadi, Alexandr Karimov, Anne Dougherty, Chiratidzo E Ndhlovu, Midion M Chidzonga, Majid Sadigh
BACKGROUND: The Medical Education Partnership Initiative, has helped to mitigate the digital divide in Africa. The aim of the study was to assess the level of access, attitude, and training concerning meaningful use of electronic resources and EBM among medical students at an African medical school. METHODS: The study involved medical students at the University of Zimbabwe College of Health Sciences, Harare. The needs assessment tool consisted of a 21-question, paper-based, voluntary and anonymous survey...
September 2016: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833680/blog-and-podcast-watch-neurologic-emergencies
#7
Andrew Grock, Nikita Joshi, Anand Swaminathan, Salim Rezaie, Chris Gaafary, Michelle Lin
INTRODUCTION: The WestJEM Blog and Podcast Watch presents high quality open-access educational blogs and podcasts in emergency medicine (EM) based on the ongoing ALiEM Approved Instructional Resources (AIR) and AIR-Professional series. Both series critically appraise resources using an objective scoring rubric. This installment of the Blog and Podcast Watch highlights the topic of neurologic emergencies from the AIR series. METHODS: The AIR series is a continuously building curriculum that follows the Council of Emergency Medicine Residency Director's (CORD) annual testing schedule...
November 2016: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824221/school-based-interventions-for-preventing-hiv-sexually-transmitted-infections-and-pregnancy-in-adolescents
#8
REVIEW
Amanda J Mason-Jones, David Sinclair, Catherine Mathews, Ashraf Kagee, Alex Hillman, Carl Lombard
BACKGROUND: School-based sexual and reproductive health programmes are widely accepted as an approach to reducing high-risk sexual behaviour among adolescents. Many studies and systematic reviews have concentrated on measuring effects on knowledge or self-reported behaviour rather than biological outcomes, such as pregnancy or prevalence of sexually transmitted infections (STIs). OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effects of school-based sexual and reproductive health programmes on sexually transmitted infections (such as HIV, herpes simplex virus, and syphilis), and pregnancy among adolescents...
8, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790363/instructional-design-framework-for-the-sex-and-gender-specific-health-multimedia-case-based-learning-modules
#9
EDITORIAL
Steven M Crooks, Jongpil Cheon, Robert Casanova, Marjorie Jenkins
The goal of the Sex and Gender Specific Health (SGSH) curriculum at the Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center (TTUHSC) is to advance the understanding of sex/gender differences, increase the awareness of gender-specific health issues, and improve the knowledge of sex and gender evidence-based medicine. The purpose of this paper is to explain the development and theoretical rationale for an important aspect of the curriculum: the SGSH Multimedia Case-Based Learning Modules (MCBLMs). The MCBLMs are designed to be used throughout the TTUHSC curriculum as a stand-alone or a supplementary instructional resource...
2016: Biology of Sex Differences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785350/training-emergency-physicians-in-sex-and-gender-based-medicine-assessing-attitudes-of-program-directors-and-residency-graduates
#10
Tracy E Madsen, Alyson J McGregor
BACKGROUND: Sex and gender influence disease presentation, treatment, healthcare access, and long-term outcomes. It is uncertain to what extent sex- and gender-based medicine (SGBM) content has been integrated into emergency medicine (EM) residency curricula. We aimed to determine if SGBM is being taught in EM residency training, if EM residency program directors (PDs) declare SGBM a curriculum priority, and if recent graduates (RGs) of EM residency programs declare SGBM as relevant to their practice...
2016: Biology of Sex Differences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785347/sex-and-gender-in-medical-education-a-national-student-survey
#11
Marjorie R Jenkins, Alyssa Herrmann, Amanda Tashjian, Tina Ramineni, Rithika Ramakrishnan, Donna Raef, Tracy Rokas, John Shatzer
BACKGROUND: Gender- and sex-specific medicine is defined as the practice of medicine based on the understanding that biology (dictated by sex chromosomes) and social roles (gender) are important in and have implications for prevention, screening, diagnosis, and treatment in men and women. In light of the many ways that sex and gender influence disease presentation and patient management, there have been various initiatives to improve the integration of these topics into medical education curriculum...
2016: Biology of Sex Differences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785345/workshop-summaries-from-the-2015-sex-and-gender-medical-education-summit-utilization-of-sex-and-gender-based-medical-education-resources-and-creating-student-competencies
#12
EDITORIAL
Alyson J McGregor, Ana Núñez, Rebecca Barron, Robert Casanova, Eliza Lo Chin
BACKGROUND: Despite overwhelming evidence that sex and gender are critical factors in the delivery and practice of medicine, there is no unified sex- and gender-based medicine (SGBM) undergraduate medical education curriculum. Two Workshops within the 2015 Sex and Gender Medical Education Summit: a Roadmap to Curricular Innovation sought to lay the framework for such a curriculum. METHODS: Attendees to the Sex and Gender Educational Summit self-selected attendance for one of two Workshops: (A) Utilization of SGBM Resources in U...
2016: Biology of Sex Differences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783226/educating-physicians-in-evidence-based-medicine-current-practices-and-curricular-strategies
#13
Lauren A Maggio
INTRODUCTION: Evidence-based medicine (EBM) is an expectation of professional healthcare and a requisite component of medical school curricula. However, upon graduation medical students' EBM skills have been found lacking suggesting a need to examine EBM training. METHODS: This PhD report presents two studies on EBM education. The first study is a literature review that describes and attempts to assess educational interventions for teaching medical students EBM...
December 2016: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27689163/efsumb-statement-on-medical-student-education-in-ultrasound-long-version
#14
V Cantisani, C F Dietrich, R Badea, S Dudea, H Prosch, E Cerezo, D Nuernberg, A L Serra, P S Sidhu, M Radzina, F Piscaglia, M Bachmann Nielsen, C Ewertsen, A Săftoiu, F Calliada, O H Gilja
The European Federation of Societies for Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology (EFSUMB) recommends that ultrasound should be used systematically as an easy accessible and instructive educational tool in the curriculum of modern medical schools. Medical students should acquire theoretical knowledge of the modality and hands-on training should be implemented and adhere to evidence-based principles. In this paper we report EFSUMB policy statements on medical student education in ultrasound that in a short version is already published in Ultraschall in der Medizin 1...
March 2016: Ultrasound International Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27625713/blog-and-podcast-watch-pediatric-emergency-medicine
#15
Fareen Zaver, Michael Hansen, Evan Leibner, Andrew Little, Michelle Lin
INTRODUCTION: By critically appraising open access, educational blogs and podcasts in emergency medicine (EM) using an objective scoring instrument, this installment of the ALiEM (Academic Life in Emergency Medicine) Blog and Podcast Watch series curated and scored relevant posts in the specific areas of pediatric EM. METHODS: The Approved Instructional Resources - Professional (AIR-Pro) series is a continuously building curriculum covering a new subject area every two months...
September 2016: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27489016/connecting-education-to-quality-engaging-medical-students-in-the-development-of-evidence-based-clinical-decision-support-tools
#16
Elizabeth A Crabtree, Emily Brennan, Amanda Davis, Jerry E Squires
PROBLEM: Evidence-based practice (EBP) skills are crucial for delivering high-quality patient care. It is essential that medical students learn EBP concepts through a practical, in-depth research project. To date, literature on preparing students in this manner is limited. APPROACH: In academic year 2014-2015, the Medical University of South Carolina's (MUSC's) Center for Evidence-Based Practice (now known as the Value Institute) partnered with College of Medicine faculty to revitalize the undergraduate medical student EBP curriculum...
January 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27431903/pain-education-in-pre-registration-professional-health-courses-a-protocol-for-a-scoping-review
#17
Kate Thompson, James Milligan, Mark I Johnson, Michelle Briggs
INTRODUCTION: Pain is a global health concern causing significant health and social problems with evidence that patients experiencing pain are receiving inadequate care. The content of pain education in pre-registration professional health courses is thought to be lacking both in the UK and internationally which is unacceptable considering the prevalence of pain. Evaluating the effect of education is complex in that the outcome (improved healthcare) is some distance from the educational approach...
2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27369855/consensus-based-recommendations-for-an-emergency-medicine-pain-management-curriculum
#18
Sabrina J Poon, Lewis S Nelson, Jason A Hoppe, Jeanmarie Perrone, Margaret K Sande, Donald M Yealy, Michael S Beeson, Knox H Todd, Sergey M Motov, Scott G Weiner
BACKGROUND: Increased prescribing of opioid pain medications has paralleled the subsequent rise of prescription medication-related overdoses and deaths. We sought to define key aspects of a pain management curriculum for emergency medicine (EM) residents that achieve the balance between adequate pain control, limiting side effects, and not contributing to the current public health opioid crisis. METHODS: We convened a symposium to discuss pain management education in EM and define the needs and objectives of an EM-specific pain management curriculum...
August 2016: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27316274/role-of-journal-club-in-canadian-ophthalmology-residency-training-a-national-survey-of-program-directors
#19
Sarah J Mullen, Kourosh Sabri
OBJECTIVE: To conduct a national survey of journal club curricula in Canadian ophthalmology residency programs. DESIGN: Cross-sectional web-based survey. PARTICIPANTS: Fifteen Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada (RCPSC) ophthalmology residency program directors. METHODS: The 15 RCPSC ophthalmology residency program directors were invited to participate in a 31-item online survey. The survey inquired about the purpose, educational goals, and structure of journal club...
June 2016: Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology. Journal Canadien D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27313486/redesigning-journal-club-in-residency
#20
Morhaf Al Achkar
The gap between production and implementation of knowledge is the main reason for the suboptimal quality of health care. To eliminate this gap and improve the quality of patient care, journal club (JC) in graduate medical education provides an opportunity for learning the skills of evidence-based medicine. JC, however, continues to face many challenges mainly due to poorly defined goals, inadequate preparation, and lack of interest. This article presents an innovative model to prepare and present JC based on three pillars: dialogical learning through group discussion, mentored residents as peer teachers, and including JC as part of a structured curriculum to learn evidence-based medicine...
2016: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
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