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evidence-based medicine AND curriculum

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917222/access-attitudes-and-training-in-information-technologies-and-evidence-based-medicine-among-medical-students-at-university-of-zimbabwe-college-of-health-sciences
#1
Swapnil Parve, Ali Ershadi, Alexandr Karimov, Anne Dougherty, Chiratidzo E Ndhlovu, Midion M Chidzonga, Majid Sadigh
BACKGROUND: The Medical Education Partnership Initiative, has helped to mitigate the digital divide in Africa. The aim of the study was to assess the level of access, attitude, and training concerning meaningful use of electronic resources and EBM among medical students at an African medical school. METHODS: The study involved medical students at the University of Zimbabwe College of Health Sciences, Harare. The needs assessment tool consisted of a 21-question, paper-based, voluntary and anonymous survey...
September 2016: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833680/blog-and-podcast-watch-neurologic-emergencies
#2
Andrew Grock, Nikita Joshi, Anand Swaminathan, Salim Rezaie, Chris Gaafary, Michelle Lin
INTRODUCTION: The WestJEM Blog and Podcast Watch presents high quality open-access educational blogs and podcasts in emergency medicine (EM) based on the ongoing ALiEM Approved Instructional Resources (AIR) and AIR-Professional series. Both series critically appraise resources using an objective scoring rubric. This installment of the Blog and Podcast Watch highlights the topic of neurologic emergencies from the AIR series. METHODS: The AIR series is a continuously building curriculum that follows the Council of Emergency Medicine Residency Director's (CORD) annual testing schedule...
November 2016: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824221/school-based-interventions-for-preventing-hiv-sexually-transmitted-infections-and-pregnancy-in-adolescents
#3
REVIEW
Amanda J Mason-Jones, David Sinclair, Catherine Mathews, Ashraf Kagee, Alex Hillman, Carl Lombard
BACKGROUND: School-based sexual and reproductive health programmes are widely accepted as an approach to reducing high-risk sexual behaviour among adolescents. Many studies and systematic reviews have concentrated on measuring effects on knowledge or self-reported behaviour rather than biological outcomes, such as pregnancy or prevalence of sexually transmitted infections (STIs). OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effects of school-based sexual and reproductive health programmes on sexually transmitted infections (such as HIV, herpes simplex virus, and syphilis), and pregnancy among adolescents...
November 8, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790363/instructional-design-framework-for-the-sex-and-gender-specific-health-multimedia-case-based-learning-modules
#4
EDITORIAL
Steven M Crooks, Jongpil Cheon, Robert Casanova, Marjorie Jenkins
The goal of the Sex and Gender Specific Health (SGSH) curriculum at the Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center (TTUHSC) is to advance the understanding of sex/gender differences, increase the awareness of gender-specific health issues, and improve the knowledge of sex and gender evidence-based medicine. The purpose of this paper is to explain the development and theoretical rationale for an important aspect of the curriculum: the SGSH Multimedia Case-Based Learning Modules (MCBLMs). The MCBLMs are designed to be used throughout the TTUHSC curriculum as a stand-alone or a supplementary instructional resource...
2016: Biology of Sex Differences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785350/training-emergency-physicians-in-sex-and-gender-based-medicine-assessing-attitudes-of-program-directors-and-residency-graduates
#5
Tracy E Madsen, Alyson J McGregor
BACKGROUND: Sex and gender influence disease presentation, treatment, healthcare access, and long-term outcomes. It is uncertain to what extent sex- and gender-based medicine (SGBM) content has been integrated into emergency medicine (EM) residency curricula. We aimed to determine if SGBM is being taught in EM residency training, if EM residency program directors (PDs) declare SGBM a curriculum priority, and if recent graduates (RGs) of EM residency programs declare SGBM as relevant to their practice...
2016: Biology of Sex Differences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785347/sex-and-gender-in-medical-education-a-national-student-survey
#6
Marjorie R Jenkins, Alyssa Herrmann, Amanda Tashjian, Tina Ramineni, Rithika Ramakrishnan, Donna Raef, Tracy Rokas, John Shatzer
BACKGROUND: Gender- and sex-specific medicine is defined as the practice of medicine based on the understanding that biology (dictated by sex chromosomes) and social roles (gender) are important in and have implications for prevention, screening, diagnosis, and treatment in men and women. In light of the many ways that sex and gender influence disease presentation and patient management, there have been various initiatives to improve the integration of these topics into medical education curriculum...
2016: Biology of Sex Differences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785345/workshop-summaries-from-the-2015-sex-and-gender-medical-education-summit-utilization-of-sex-and-gender-based-medical-education-resources-and-creating-student-competencies
#7
EDITORIAL
Alyson J McGregor, Ana Núñez, Rebecca Barron, Robert Casanova, Eliza Lo Chin
BACKGROUND: Despite overwhelming evidence that sex and gender are critical factors in the delivery and practice of medicine, there is no unified sex- and gender-based medicine (SGBM) undergraduate medical education curriculum. Two Workshops within the 2015 Sex and Gender Medical Education Summit: a Roadmap to Curricular Innovation sought to lay the framework for such a curriculum. METHODS: Attendees to the Sex and Gender Educational Summit self-selected attendance for one of two Workshops: (A) Utilization of SGBM Resources in U...
2016: Biology of Sex Differences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783226/educating-physicians-in-evidence-based-medicine-current-practices-and-curricular-strategies
#8
Lauren A Maggio
INTRODUCTION: Evidence-based medicine (EBM) is an expectation of professional healthcare and a requisite component of medical school curricula. However, upon graduation medical students' EBM skills have been found lacking suggesting a need to examine EBM training. METHODS: This PhD report presents two studies on EBM education. The first study is a literature review that describes and attempts to assess educational interventions for teaching medical students EBM...
October 25, 2016: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27689163/efsumb-statement-on-medical-student-education-in-ultrasound-long-version
#9
V Cantisani, C F Dietrich, R Badea, S Dudea, H Prosch, E Cerezo, D Nuernberg, A L Serra, P S Sidhu, M Radzina, F Piscaglia, M Bachmann Nielsen, C Ewertsen, A Săftoiu, F Calliada, O H Gilja
The European Federation of Societies for Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology (EFSUMB) recommends that ultrasound should be used systematically as an easy accessible and instructive educational tool in the curriculum of modern medical schools. Medical students should acquire theoretical knowledge of the modality and hands-on training should be implemented and adhere to evidence-based principles. In this paper we report EFSUMB policy statements on medical student education in ultrasound that in a short version is already published in Ultraschall in der Medizin 1...
March 2016: Ultrasound International Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27625713/blog-and-podcast-watch-pediatric-emergency-medicine
#10
Fareen Zaver, Michael Hansen, Evan Leibner, Andrew Little, Michelle Lin
INTRODUCTION: By critically appraising open access, educational blogs and podcasts in emergency medicine (EM) using an objective scoring instrument, this installment of the ALiEM (Academic Life in Emergency Medicine) Blog and Podcast Watch series curated and scored relevant posts in the specific areas of pediatric EM. METHODS: The Approved Instructional Resources - Professional (AIR-Pro) series is a continuously building curriculum covering a new subject area every two months...
September 2016: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27489016/connecting-education-to-quality-engaging-medical-students-in-the-development-of-evidence-based-clinical-decision-support-tools
#11
Elizabeth A Crabtree, Emily Brennan, Amanda Davis, Jerry E Squires
PROBLEM: Evidence-based practice (EBP) skills are crucial for delivering high-quality patient care. It is essential that medical students learn EBP concepts through a practical, in-depth research project. To date, literature on preparing students in this manner is limited. APPROACH: In academic year 2014-2015, the Medical University of South Carolina's (MUSC's) Center for Evidence-Based Practice (now known as the Value Institute) partnered with College of Medicine faculty to revitalize the undergraduate medical student EBP curriculum...
August 2, 2016: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27431903/pain-education-in-pre-registration-professional-health-courses-a-protocol-for-a-scoping-review
#12
Kate Thompson, James Milligan, Mark I Johnson, Michelle Briggs
INTRODUCTION: Pain is a global health concern causing significant health and social problems with evidence that patients experiencing pain are receiving inadequate care. The content of pain education in pre-registration professional health courses is thought to be lacking both in the UK and internationally which is unacceptable considering the prevalence of pain. Evaluating the effect of education is complex in that the outcome (improved healthcare) is some distance from the educational approach...
2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27369855/consensus-based-recommendations-for-an-emergency-medicine-pain-management-curriculum
#13
Sabrina J Poon, Lewis S Nelson, Jason A Hoppe, Jeanmarie Perrone, Margaret K Sande, Donald M Yealy, Michael S Beeson, Knox H Todd, Sergey M Motov, Scott G Weiner
BACKGROUND: Increased prescribing of opioid pain medications has paralleled the subsequent rise of prescription medication-related overdoses and deaths. We sought to define key aspects of a pain management curriculum for emergency medicine (EM) residents that achieve the balance between adequate pain control, limiting side effects, and not contributing to the current public health opioid crisis. METHODS: We convened a symposium to discuss pain management education in EM and define the needs and objectives of an EM-specific pain management curriculum...
August 2016: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27316274/role-of-journal-club-in-canadian-ophthalmology-residency-training-a-national-survey-of-program-directors
#14
Sarah J Mullen, Kourosh Sabri
OBJECTIVE: To conduct a national survey of journal club curricula in Canadian ophthalmology residency programs. DESIGN: Cross-sectional web-based survey. PARTICIPANTS: Fifteen Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada (RCPSC) ophthalmology residency program directors. METHODS: The 15 RCPSC ophthalmology residency program directors were invited to participate in a 31-item online survey. The survey inquired about the purpose, educational goals, and structure of journal club...
June 2016: Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology. Journal Canadien D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27313486/redesigning-journal-club-in-residency
#15
Morhaf Al Achkar
The gap between production and implementation of knowledge is the main reason for the suboptimal quality of health care. To eliminate this gap and improve the quality of patient care, journal club (JC) in graduate medical education provides an opportunity for learning the skills of evidence-based medicine. JC, however, continues to face many challenges mainly due to poorly defined goals, inadequate preparation, and lack of interest. This article presents an innovative model to prepare and present JC based on three pillars: dialogical learning through group discussion, mentored residents as peer teachers, and including JC as part of a structured curriculum to learn evidence-based medicine...
2016: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27272426/preparing-future-leaders-an-integrated-quality-improvement-residency-curriculum
#16
Stacy Potts, Sara Shields, Carole Upshur
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) has recognized the importance of quality improvement (QI) training and requires that accredited residencies in all specialties demonstrate that residents are "integrated and actively participate in interdisciplinary clinical quality improvement and patient safety activities." However, competing demands in residency training may make this difficult to accomplish. The study's objective is to develop and evaluate a longitudinal curriculum that meets the ACGME requirement for QI and patient safety training and links to patient-centered medical home (PCMH) practices...
June 2016: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27256081/self-directed-learning-can-outperform-direct-instruction-in-the-course-of-a-modern-german-medical-curriculum-results-of-a-mixed-methods-trial
#17
Arne Peine, Klaus Kabino, Cord Spreckelsen
BACKGROUND: Modernised medical curricula in Germany (so called "reformed study programs") rely increasingly on alternative self-instructed learning forms such as e-learning and curriculum-guided self-study. However, there is a lack of evidence that these methods can outperform conventional teaching methods such as lectures and seminars. This study was conducted in order to compare extant traditional teaching methods with new instruction forms in terms of learning effect and student satisfaction...
2016: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27200270/integrative-veterinary-medical-education-and-consensus-guidelines-for-an-integrative-veterinary-medicine-curriculum-within-veterinary-colleges
#18
REVIEW
M A Memon, J Shmalberg, H S Adair, S Allweiler, J N Bryan, S Cantwell, E Carr, C Chrisman, C M Egger, S Greene, K K Haussler, B Hershey, G R Holyoak, M Johnson, S Le Jeune, A Looney, R S McConnico, C Medina, A J Morton, A Munsterman, G J Nie, N Park, M Parsons-Doherty, J A Perdrizet, J L Peyton, D Raditic, H P Ramirez, J Saik, S Robertson, M Sleeper, J Van Dyke, J Wakshlag
Integrative veterinary medicine (IVM) describes the combination of complementary and alternative therapies with conventional care and is guided by the best available evidence. Veterinarians frequently encounter questions about complementary and alternative veterinary medicine (CAVM) in practice, and the general public has demonstrated increased interest in these areas for both human and animal health. Consequently, veterinary students should receive adequate exposure to the principles, theories, and current knowledge supporting or refuting such techniques...
2016: Open veterinary journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27141931/transforming-preprofessional-health-education-through-relationship-centered-care-and-narrative-medicine
#19
Tzipi Weiss, Marci J Swede
ISSUE: The Institute of Medicine identified health care education reform as a key to improving the error prone, costly, and unsatisfying U.S. health care system. It called for health care education that no longer focuses exclusively on the mastery of technical skills but teaches students the human dimensions of care and develops their ability to collaborate with patients and colleagues to alleviate suffering and improve health. When should this educational reform begin, by what frameworks should it be guided, and which methods should it employ are important questions to explore...
May 4, 2016: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27107910/case-based-teaching-for-interprofessional-postgraduate-trainees-in-adolescent-health
#20
Holly C Gooding, Sonja Ziniel, Currie Touloumtzis, Sarah Pitts, Adrianne Goncalves, Jean Emans, Pam Burke
PURPOSE: Adolescent health providers increasingly work in interprofessional environments. There is a lack of evidence regarding best educational practices for preparing the adolescent health care workforce of the future. We developed, implemented, and evaluated an interprofessional longitudinal case-based curriculum for postgraduate trainees in adolescent health. METHODS: Faculty in an academic adolescent medicine division worked collaboratively with recent trainees to develop six teaching cases illustrative of interprofessional care of adolescents...
May 2016: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
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