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Akimasa Sanagawa, Soichiro Iwaki, Moyoko Asai, Daisuke Sakakibara, Hiroaki Norimoto, Burton E Sobel, Satoshi Fujii
Our group has recently reported that in the immortal human HepG2 liver cell line, sphingosine 1‑phosphate (S1P) increases transcription of plasminogen activator inhibitor type‑1 (PAI‑1), the major physiological inhibitor of fibrinolysis, within 4 h. The present study aimed to elucidate the molecular mechanisms underlying this effect. PAI‑1 expression was measured by reverse transcription‑quantitative polymerase chain reaction and immunoblotting. It was demonstrated that S1P increased PAI‑1 promoter activity but did not increase the activity of promoters lacking the hypoxia responsive element (HRE) 2...
August 2016: Molecular Medicine Reports
Yasuto Takeuchi, Masayuki Inubushi, Yong-Nan Jin, Chika Murai, Atsushi B Tsuji, Hironobu Hata, Yoshimasa Kitagawa, Tsuneo Saga
OBJECTIVE: HIF-1/HRE pathway is a promising target for the imaging and the treatment of intractable malignancy (HIF-1; hypoxia-inducible factor 1, HRE; hypoxia-responsive element). The purposes of our study are: (1) to assess the gene activation levels resulting from various numbers of HREs under various hypoxic conditions, (2) to evaluate the bidirectional activity of multiple HREs, and (3) to confirm whether multiple HREs can induce gene expression in vivo. METHODS: Human colon carcinoma HCT116 cells were transiently transfected by the constructs containing a firefly luciferase reporter gene and various numbers (2, 4, 6, 8, 10, and 12) of HREs (nHRE+, nHRE-)...
December 2014: Annals of Nuclear Medicine
Göran Heinius, Anders Sondén, Robert G Hahn
Resuscitation with large volumes of crystalloids during traumatic hemorrhagic shock might increase the mortality by inducing rebleeding. However, few studies have addressed this problem during hypothermic conditions. Sixty-eight Sprague-Dawley rats were exposed to a standardized femoral artery injury and resuscitated with low (LRe), medium (MRe), or high (HRe) intensity using lactated Ringer's solution after being cooled to 30°C. An additional MRe group was also given desmopressin since this drug might reverse hypothermic-induced impairment of the primary hemostasis...
June 2012: Therapeutic Hypothermia and Temperature Management
Seung-Youn Jung, Hyun Seok Song, Shi-Young Park, Soo-Hak Chung, Yung-Jin Kim
Cancer cells usually obtain energy from a high rate of glycolysis rather than oxidative phosphorylation under normoxia as well as hypoxia. Under these circumstances, pyruvate, the end-product of glycolysis, accumulates in cancer cells. We have previously reported that pyruvate activates endothelial cells and induces angiogenesis. Here, we examined the angiogenic activity of pyruvate in tumor cells. Plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1), the gene most upregulated by pyruvate, showed a pro-angiogenic activity, which was abolished by a PAI-1 neutralizing antibody...
February 2011: International Journal of Oncology
Nitin Patel, Nambirajan Sundaram, Mingyan Yang, Catherine Madigan, Vijay K Kalra, Punam Malik
Sickle cell disease (SCD) is characterized by a prothrombotic state. Plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) is known to modulate fibrinolysis, lung injury/fibrosis, and angiogenesis. However, its role in SCD is less understood, and the molecular mechanisms underlying increased PAI-1 are unknown. Herein, we show a novel link between PAI-1 and sickle erythropoiesis. Plasma PAI-1 levels were high in SCD patients at steady state and in two humanized sickle mouse models, with increased PAI-1 immunolabeling in sickle mouse lung, bronchial epithelial cells, alveolar macrophages, and pulmonary microvascular endothelial cells...
May 28, 2010: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Samantha M Yeligar, Keigo Machida, Hidekazu Tsukamoto, Vijay K Kalra
Chronic alcohol consumption leads to liver inflammation and cirrhosis. Alcoholic liver disease patients have increased levels of hepatic RANTES/CCL5. However, less is known about the molecular mechanisms for ethanol-induced RANTES up-regulation. In this study, we observed that liver sinusoidal endothelial cells derived from ethanol-fed rats (E-rLSECs) showed severalfold increases in RANTES and hypoxia-inducible factor 1alpha (HIF-1alpha) mRNAs compared with control rLSECs (C-rLSECs). Similar effects were seen in acute ethanol treatment of isolated rLSECs and human dermal microvascular endothelial cells...
November 1, 2009: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
Xia Liang, Yong-jing Zhang, Bing Liu, Qin Ni, Ming-juan Jin, Xin-yuan Ma, Kai-yan Yao, Qi-long Li, Kun Chen
OBJECTIVE: To explore the distribution of HER-2 genetic polymorphism at codon 655 and its association with susceptibility of colorectal cancer in Chinese. METHODS: A population-based case-control study was carried out. 292 patients with colorectal cancer and 842 healthy controls were interviewed. Meanwhile, the genetic polymorphism of HRE-2 was detected using polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism. RESULTS: The frequencies of Ile/Val+Val/Val genotypes and Val allele were both higher in cases (25...
June 2009: Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Yixue Yichuanxue Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics
Alexandra Klein, Daniela Flügel, Thomas Kietzmann
The serine/threonine kinase-15 (STK15) acts as a cell cycle regulator being overexpressed in various tumors. One mechanism that could contribute to overexpression of STK15 is tumor hypoxia where hypoxia-inducible factor-1 (HIF-1) is a major regulator of transcription. Therefore, we analyzed whether hypoxia and HIF-1 could contribute to overexpression of STK15. We found that hypoxia increased STK15 expression and STK15 promoter activity in HepG2 tumor cells. Overexpression of HIF-1 alpha induced STK15 gene transcription, whereas HIF-1 alpha siRNA and overexpression of prolyl hydroxylase 2 (PHD-2), a negative regulator of HIF-1 alpha, reversed this effect...
September 2008: Molecular Biology of the Cell
Qiliang Cai, Ke Lan, Subhash C Verma, Huaxin Si, Doug Lin, Erle S Robertson
Hypoxia can induce lytic replication of Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) in primary effusion lymphoma (PEL) cells. However, the molecular mechanism of lytic reactivation of KSHV by hypoxia remains unclear. Here we show that the latency-associated nuclear antigen (LANA), which plays a crucial role in modulating viral and cellular gene expression, directly associated with a low oxygen responder, hypoxia-inducible factor-1 alpha (HIF-1 alpha). LANA enhanced not only the transcriptional activities of HIF-1 alpha but also its mRNA level...
August 2006: Journal of Virology
Muzammel Haque, Victoria Wang, David A Davis, Zhi-Ming Zheng, Robert Yarchoan
Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) is the etiologic agent for Kaposi's sarcoma (KS) and primary effusion lymphoma (PEL). We previously reported that hypoxia activates KSHV lytic replication and that the promoter for open reading frame 34 (ORF34) contains a functional hypoxia-responsive element (HRE). ORF34 is part of a cluster of lytic genes (ORF34-37) that includes ORF36, a phosphotransferase, and ORF37, a shutoff exonuclease. Rapid amplification of cDNA ends analysis revealed that they share a common polyadenylation signal but have two start sites...
July 2006: Journal of Virology
Stacie M Kutz, Craig E Higgins, Rohan Samarakoon, Stephen P Higgins, Rosalie R Allen, Li Qi, Paul J Higgins
Transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1) transcriptionally regulates the expression of genes that encode specific proteins (e.g., plasminogen activator inhibitor-1; PAI-1) important in stromal remodeling and cellular invasion. Definition of molecular events underlying TGF-beta1-initiated PAI-1 transcription, therefore, may lead to the identification of new therapeutic targets for diseases associated with elevated PAI-1 synthesis (e.g., tissue fibrosis, vascular disorders, tumor progression). An intact upstream stimulatory factor (USF)-binding E box motif (5'-(-165)CACGTG(-160)-3') at the HRE-2 site in the rat PAI-1 gene was required for PAI-1 transcription in TGF-beta1-treated cells...
April 15, 2006: Experimental Cell Research
Thomas Kietzmann, Anatoly Samoylenko, Ulrike Roth, Kurt Jungermann
The expression of the plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) gene is enhanced by insulin both in vivo and in various cell types. Because insulin exerts a number of its biologic activities via the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase and protein kinase B (PI3K/PKB) signaling pathway, it was the aim of the present study to investigate the role of the PI3K/PKB pathway in the expression of the PAI-1 gene and to identify the insulin responsive promoter sequences. It was shown that the induction of PAI-1 mRNA and protein expression by insulin and mild hypoxia could be repressed by the PI3K inhibitor wortmannin...
February 1, 2003: Blood
Trine Fink, Arunas Kazlauskas, Lorenz Poellinger, Peter Ebbesen, Vladimir Zachar
Plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) plays a key role in control of coagulation and tissue remodeling and has been shown to be regulated by a number of cell stimuli, among those hypoxia. In this study we characterize the hypoxia-mediated induction of PAI-1 in human hepatoma cell line HepG2. We found that PAI-1 is tightly regulated in a narrow oxygen gradient. After incubation at oxygen concentrations of 1% to 2%, a 60-fold increase in PAI-1 messenger RNA levels was observed, whereas mild hypoxic conditions of more than 3...
March 15, 2002: Blood
A Samoylenko, U Roth, K Jungermann, T Kietzmann
Plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) expression is induced by hypoxia (8% O(2)) via the PAI-1 promoter region -175/-159 containing a hypoxia response element (HRE-2) binding the hypoxia-inducible factor-1 (HIF-1) and an adjacent response element (HRE-1) binding a so far unknown factor. The aim of the present study was to identify this factor and to investigate its role in the regulation of PAI-1 expression. It was found by supershift assays that the upstream stimulatory factor-2a (USF-2a) bound mainly to the HRE-1 of the PAI-1 promoter and to a lesser extent to HRE-2...
May 1, 2001: Blood
T Kietzmann, U Roth, K Jungermann
Plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) is the primary physiological inhibitor of both tissue-type and urokinase-type plasminogen activators. The balance between plasminogen activators and PAI-1 plays an important role in several physiological and pathophysiological processes such as atherosclerosis or thrombosis. Because these conditions are associated with hypoxia, it was the aim of the present study to investigate the influence of low O(2) tension on the expression of PAI-1 mRNA and protein using primary cultured rat hepatocytes as a model system...
December 15, 1999: Blood
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