keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Hepatitis b in children

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769493/immune-response-against-hepatitis-b-virus-after-pentavalent-vaccination-in-children
#1
R Karim, M S Rahman, M S Uddin
This study was done to know the real status of immune response to Hepatitis B vaccine among the pentavalent vaccinated children as per EPI schedule of Bangladesh. It was prospective observational study done in the EPI corner of Paediatric OPD of Dhaka National Medical College & Hospital (DNMCH), Dhaka from July 2015 to July 2016. Sixty (60) children ranging from 9 months to 2 years of age, who received pentavalent vaccination (Hepatitis B + DPT + Hib) according to EPI schedule, were included. The testing for anti-HBs titres were conducted in the Department of Virology, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU), Dhaka, Bangladesh...
April 2018: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757383/considerations-of-antiviral-treatment-to-interrupt-mother-to-child-transmission-of-hepatitis-b-virus-in-china
#2
Fuqiang Cui, Joseph Woodring, Polin Chan, Fujie Xu
Background: Treating high-risk women with antivirals in their third trimester is a promising intervention to further reduce perinatal transmission in neonates born to hepatitis B surface antigen positive [HBsAg(+)] mothers. Methods: We estimated the number of perinatal infections based on coverage and effectiveness of hepatitis B immunization. We compared cost-effectiveness of different approaches to identify high-risk women for antiviral treatment, by region and urban/rural residence...
May 10, 2018: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752131/effectiveness-of-the-dtpa-hbv-ipv-hib-vaccine-against-invasive-haemophilus-influenzae-type-b-disease-in-the-netherlands-2003-16-a-case-control-study
#3
Susana Monge, Susan Jm Hahné, Hester E de Melker, Elisabeth Am Sanders, Arie van der Ende, Mirjam J Knol
BACKGROUND: In 2016, an increase in invasive Haemophilus influenzae serotype b (Hib) disease was reported in the Netherlands in children younger than 5 years, which coincided with the introduction of the hexavalent diphtheria, tetanus, and acellular pertussis-hepatitis B virus-inactivated polio virus/Hib vaccine (DTPa-HBV-IPV/Hib) from 2011 onwards. We aimed to estimate the effectiveness of the hexavalent vaccine to assess whether this increase could be explained by decreasing effectiveness...
May 8, 2018: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737079/-prevalence-of-hepatitis-b-surface-antigens-and-hepatitis-b-surface-antibodies-in-1-12-years-old-children-in-mianyang-sichuan
#4
Xiao-Jin Liu, Wen-Long Li, You-Yue Peng, Juan Wang, Tao Ren, Li-Ping Wang, Ping Yuan
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of hepatitis B surface antigens (HBsAg) and hepatitis B surface antibodies (anti-HBs) in 1-12 years-old children in Mianyang city,Sichuan Province. METHODS: Children born after the implementation of Hepatitis B immunization policy were selected using a stratified random cluster sampling strategy from January to December 2015. A total of 72 623 eligible children participated in the study,which included a questionnaire survey and blood tests (0...
March 2018: Sichuan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Sichuan University. Medical Science Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735579/epidemiology-of-genotype-1-and-2-hepatitis-e-virus-infections
#5
Kenrad E Nelson, Alain B Labrique, Brittany L Kmush
Hepatitis E virus (HEV) genotypes 1 and 2 are responsible for the majority of acute viral hepatitis infections in endemic areas in South Asia and sub-Saharan Africa. In addition to frequent sporadic illnesses throughout the year, these viruses often cause large epidemics in association with monsoon rains in Asia or during humanitarian crises in Africa. Clinical hepatitis commonly involves adults more often than young children, with an overall mortality of ∼1%. However, the mortality among pregnant women is often 30% or higher...
May 7, 2018: Cold Spring Harbor Perspectives in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732038/persistence-of-immunity-to-hepatitis-b-vaccine-as-infants-17-years-earlier
#6
Zohreh Azarkar, Azadeh Ebrahimzadeh, Gholamreza Sharifzadeh, Masood Ziaee, Mohammad Fereidouni, Fatemeh Taheri
Background: In Iran since 1992, hepatitis B vaccination was a part of the national vaccination program. Hepatitis B vaccination is effective in the epidemiology of hepatitis B. The aim of this study was to evaluate the long - term persistence of immunity. Methods: This cross-sectional analytical study was conducted on children and adolescents aged between 6-18 years in Birjand, who received a three - dose hepatitis B vaccination in accordance with the national immunization program...
2018: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726943/hepatitis-b-vaccination-effective-in-children-exposed-to-anti-tnf-alpha-in-utero
#7
Alison de Lima, Shannon L Kanis, Johanna C Escher, C Janneke van der Woude
INTRODUCTION: Neonates exposed to TNF alpha inhibitors in utero are born with detectable drug levels which can still be detected throughout the first year of life. Since 2011, the hepatitis B virus (HBV) vaccine is routinely administered to all newborns in the Netherlands. Adults treated with anti-TNF have been reported to respond inadequately to the HBV vaccine. The aim of this study was to compare anti-HBs levels in anti-TNF exposed children with non- exposed children following routine Dutch HBV vaccination...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Crohn's & Colitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720066/prevention-of-perinatal-hepatitis-b-virus-transmission-are-we-following-guidelines
#8
Peter G Markey, Helena A White, Alexander T Matthews, Charles R Strebor, Vicki Krause
It is recommended that infants born to women with hepatitis B infection should have serological review following completion of a four dose vaccination schedule. A review was undertaken on 102 neonates who received hepatitis B immunoglobulin to ascertain the proportion that were fully immunised and then followed up. Of the 66 infants for whom data were available, 65 (98.5%) had appropriately received four doses of hepatitis B vaccine in infancy and a further child had received three doses. Only 19/66 (29%; 95%CI: 18-41%) infants had documented follow-up serology results, one of whom was infected and one of whom was immune through clearance of infection...
September 1, 2017: Communicable Diseases Intelligence Quarterly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718537/resolution-of-hbv-infection-occurs-sooner-than-recovery-of-renal-disease-in-adult-serum-hbsag-negative-hbv-associated-glomerulonephritis
#9
Fang Xu, Chong Wang, Xiaoju Shi, Jie Hou, Xiaolin Guo, Pujun Gao
BACKGROUND: Most cases of hepatitis B virus-associated glomerulonephritis (HBV-GN) occur in children and present with serum HBsAg positivity. Few studies have investigated adult HBV-GN patients who are serum HBsAg-negative. This study aimed to determine the clinical and pathological features of serum HBsAg-negative adult HBV-GN patients. METHODS: Clinical, pathologic and laboratory findings were collected and analyzed in a cohort of 27 adult HBV-GN patients who were serum HBsAg negative upon diagnosis...
May 2, 2018: Journal of Medical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717696/extension-of-french-vaccination-mandates-from-the-recommendation-of-the-steering-committee-of-the-citizen-consultation-on-vaccination-to-the-law
#10
Daniel Lévy-Bruhl, Jean-Claude Desenclos, Sylvie Quelet, François Bourdillon
On 4 December 2017, French parliamentarians passed a law extending the vaccination mandates for children up to 2 years of age from three vaccinations (against diphtheria, tetanus and poliomyelitis) to 11 by adding vaccinations against pertussis, Haemophilus influenza b (Hib), hepatitis B, pneumococcal diseases, meningococcal C diseases, measles, mumps and rubella. This vote follows a recommendation made by the Steering Committee of the Citizen Consultation on Vaccination that took place in 2016. The law applies to all children born after 1 January 2018...
April 2018: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717693/vaccine-hesitancy-in-the-french-population-in-2016-and-its-association-with-vaccine-uptake-and-perceived-vaccine-risk-benefit-balance
#11
Dominique Rey, Lisa Fressard, Sébastien Cortaredona, Aurélie Bocquier, Arnaud Gautier, Patrick Peretti-Watel, Pierre Verger, On Behalf Of The Baromètre Santé Group
BackgroundVaccine hesitancy (VH) is prominent in France. Objectives: This study aimed to estimate the prevalence and socio-demographic correlates of VH in sub-groups of the French population and to investigate the association of VH with both vaccine uptake and perceived risk-benefit balance (RBB) for four vaccines. Methods : During the 2016 Health Barometer - a national cross-sectional telephone survey in a representative sample of the French population - parents of 1-15 year-old children, parents of 11-15 year-old girls and elderly people aged 65-75 years were asked about VH (using three questions adapted from the World Health Organization definition), vaccine uptake and perceived RBB for measles and hepatitis B (children's parents), human papillomavirus (girls' parents) and seasonal influenza (elderly people) vaccines...
April 2018: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716597/hepatitis-e-virus-infection-in-turkey-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Hakan Leblebicioglu, Resat Ozaras
Hepatitis E virus (HEV), a non-enveloped single stranded RNA virus causes sporadic cases of hepatitis or outbreaks. The disease is generally self-limited although it may cause fulminant hepatitis in pregnant women, elderly, those with underlying chronic hepatitis, immunosuppressed, and transplant recipients. It is transmitted through fecal-oral route and zoonotic transmission. Hepatitis is a main health care problem in Turkey; HBV and HCV prevalences are 4 and 1% respectively. Hepatitis D represents another considerable hepatitis etiology with a prevalence of 5-27%...
May 2, 2018: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713773/feasibility-of-balanced-steady-state-free-precession-sequence-at-1-5t-for-the-evaluation-of-hepatic-steatosis-in-obese-children-and-adolescents
#13
Hong-Xi Zhang, Jun-Fen Fu, Can Lai, Feng-Yu Tian, Xiao-Li Su, Ke Huang
OBJECTIVES: To determine the feasibility of balanced steady-state free precession (b-SSFP) imaging for measuring hepatic steatosis in obese children and adolescents, using proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1 H MRS) as reference standard. METHODS: 182 obese Chinese paediatric patients underwent conventional T1-weighted dual echo MRI, 1 H MRS and b-SSFP imaging for non-invasive assessment of hepatic steatosis. RESULTS: There was a strong positive correlation between liver fat fraction (FF) on T1-weighted dual echo MRI and 1 H MRS-determined liver fat content (LFC) (r = 0...
April 30, 2018: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707244/forecasted-impacts-of-a-sofosbuvir-based-national-hepatitis-c-treatment-programme-on-egypt-s-hepatocellular-cancer-epidemic-simulation-of-alternatives
#14
Wenkang Ma, Amr S Soliman, Wagida A Anwar, Ahmed Hablas, Tamer B El Din, Mohamed Ramadan, Ibrahim A Seifeldin, Mark L Wilson
Background: Egypt is experiencing a hepatocellular cancer (HCC) epidemic due to widespread hepatitis C virus (HCV) transmission. The use of sofosbuvir-related therapies producing improved treatment success has permitted an updated, nationwide, HCV treatment programme with expanded coverage. This study simulated the multidecade impacts of the new treatment programme on hepatitis and HCC. Methods: A Markov model of HCV infection and treatment analysed the HCV-related HCC epidemic between 2009 and 2050, using parameters based on peer-reviewed studies and expert opinion...
2018: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689122/efficacy-and-safety-of-peginterferon-alfa-2a-40kd-in-children-with-chronic-hepatitis-b-the-peg-b-active-study
#15
Stefan Wirth, Hongfei Zhang, Winita Hardikar, Kathleen B Schwarz, Etienne Sokal, Weibo Yang, Huimin Fan, Vyacheslav Morozov, Qing Mao, Hong Deng, Yang Huang, Lei Yang, Nicolas Frey, Clare Nasmyth-Miller, Vedran Pavlovic, Cynthia Wat
Children with chronic hepatitis B (CHB) represent an area of unmet medical need, due to increased lifetime risk of CHB sequelae and limited therapeutic options compared with adult CHB patients. The PEG-B-ACTIVE (NCT01519960) phase III study evaluated peginterferon (PegIFN) alfa-2a treatment in children aged 3 to <18 years with CHB. A total of 161 hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg)-positive immune-active patients without advanced fibrosis/cirrhosis were randomized (2:1) to PegIFN alfa-2a (Group A, n = 101) or no treatment (Group B, n = 50); patients with advanced fibrosis were assigned to PegIFN alfa-2a (Group C, n = 10)...
April 24, 2018: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663458/hepatitis-a-vaccine-immune-response-22-years-after-vaccination
#16
Emily Mosites, Prabhu Gounder, Mary Snowball, Julie Morris, Philip Spradling, Noele Nelson, Lisa Bulkow, Michael Bruce, Brian McMahon
In the United States, the incidence of hepatitis A virus (HAV) infection has been reduced through universal childhood vaccination. However, the duration of immunogenicity for the hepatitis A vaccine is not known. We report on the 22 year follow-up time point of a cohort of Alaska children who were randomized to three different vaccine schedules: A) 0,1,2 months; B) 0,1,6 months; and C) 0,1,12 months. Among 46 participant available for follow-up, 40 (87%) maintained protective levels of anti-hepatitis A antibody...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Medical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29645292/hepatitis-a-vaccine-immune-response-22-years-after-vaccination
#17
Emily Mosites, Prabhu Gounder, Mary Snowball, Julie Morris, Philip Spradling, Noele Nelson, Lisa Bulkow, Michael Bruce, Brian McMahon
In the United States, the incidence of hepatitis A virus (HAV) infection has been reduced through universal childhood vaccination. However, the duration of immunogenicity for the hepatitis A vaccine is not known. We report on the 22 year follow-up time point of a cohort of Alaska children who were randomized to three different vaccine schedules: A) 0,1,2 months; B) 0,1,6 months; and C) 0,1,12 months. Among 46 participant available for follow-up, 40 (87%) maintained protective levels of anti-hepatitis A antibody...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Medical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629487/quasispecies-characters-of-hepatitis-b-virus-in-immunoprophylaxis-failure-infants
#18
Xin Wang, Wanyan Deng, Keli Qian, Haijun Deng, Yong Huang, Zeng Tu, Ailong Huang, Quanxin Long
Hepatitis B vaccination prevents 80-95% of transmission and reduces the incidence of HBV in children. The variations in the a determinant of HBV surface antigen (HBsAg) have been reported to be the most prevalent cause for vaccine or antibody escape. There is a conflicting evidence on as to whether escape mutants arise de novo in infected infants or whether the mutants, that have preexisted maternally, subsequently undergo selective replication in the infant under immune pressure. Here, we report that nearly 65% (55 of 85) vaccination failure in child patients has no amino acid substitution in a determinant as seen by Sanger sequencing...
April 8, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609968/hepatitis-b-infection-control-in-colombian-amazon-after-15-years-of-hepatitis-b-vaccination-effectiveness-of-birth-dose-and-current-prevalence
#19
Diego Garcia, Alexandra Porras, Alejadro Rico Mendoza, Nelson Alvis, Maria Cristina Navas, Fernando De La Hoz, Marlen De Neira, Elkin Osorio, José Fernando Valderrama
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is highly endemic in the Colombian Amazon basin. In Colombia, the universal hepatitis B vaccination in that area has been active since 1993. The program targets children aged under five years. Newborns receive at least three doses, and in 2001, HBV vaccine birth dose was included. This study aimed to evaluate the advances on HBV control in the Colombian Amazon. METHODS: A population-based cross-sectional study was conducted in children less than 11 years old in rural areas of the Colombian Amazon, in order to assess the current levels of HBV prevalence and evaluate the effectiveness of HBV vaccination...
March 30, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606518/factors-associated-with-routine-immunization-coverage-of-children-under-one-year-old-in-lao-people-s-democratic-republic
#20
Bounfeng Phoummalaysith, Eiko Yamamoto, Anonh Xeuatvongsa, Viengsakhone Louangpradith, Bounxou Keohavong, Yu Mon Saw, Nobuyuki Hamajima
BACKGROUND: Routine vaccination is administered free of charge to all children under one year old in Lao People's Democratic Republic (Lao PDR) and the national goal is to achieve at least 95% coverage with all vaccines included in the national immunization program by 2025. In this study, factors related to the immunization system and characteristics of provinces and districts in Lao PDR were examined to evaluate the association with routine immunization coverage. METHODS: Coverage rates for Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG), Diphtheria-Tetanus-Pertussis-Hepatitis B (DTP-HepB), DTP-HepB-Hib (Haemophilus influenzae type B), polio (OPV), and measles (MCV1) vaccines from 2002 to 2014 collected through regular reporting system, were used to identify the immunization coverage trends in Lao PDR...
March 29, 2018: Vaccine
keyword
keyword
82253
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"