keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Hepatitis b in children

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905821/effects-of-hepatitis-b-vaccine-boosters-on-anti-hbs-negative-children-after-primary-immunization
#1
Shunshun Lu, Jingjing Ren, Qian Li, Zhenggang Jiang, Yongdi Chen, Kaijin Xu, Bing Ruan, Shigui Yang, Tiansheng Xie, Linna Yang, Jing Li, Jun Yao
This study was aimed at evaluating the changes of hepatitis B surface antibody (anti-HBs) titer after booster vaccinations in 5-15-year-old children with negative antibodies (< 10 mIU/mL). 225 subjects (mean age, 9.28 ± 2.95 years) included in the study consisted of 123 males and 102 females, with a complete hepatitis B vaccination during infancy. The participants were divided into three groups according to their pre-booster anti-HBs level: Group I, < 0.1 mIU/mL; Group II, 0.1 to < 1.0 mIU/mL; Group III, 1...
December 1, 2016: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895405/impact-of-il28b-and-oas-gene-family-polymorphisms-on-interferon-treatment-response-in-caucasian-children-chronically-infected-with-hepatitis-b-virus
#2
Krzysztof Domagalski, Małgorzata Pawłowska, Agnieszka Zaleśna, Małgorzata Pilarczyk, Paweł Rajewski, Waldemar Halota, Andrzej Tretyn
AIM: To investigate the impact of IL28B and OAS gene polymorphisms on interferon treatment responses in children with chronic hepatitis B. METHODS: We enrolled 52 children (between the ages of 4 and 18) with hepatitis B e antigen-negative chronic hepatitis B (CHB), who were treated with pegylated interferon alfa for 48 wk. Single nucleotide polymorphisms in the OAS1 (rs1131476), OAS2 (rs1293747), OAS3 (rs2072136), OASL (rs10849829) and IL28B (rs12979860, rs12980275 and rs8099917) genes were studied to examine their associations with responses to IFN treatment in paediatric patients...
November 7, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892847/international-adoption-from-ethiopia-an-overview-of-the-health-status-at-arrival-in-belgium
#3
Lydia Van Kesteren, Marek Wojciechowski
BACKGROUND: Ethiopia is a densely populated country with a fast growing economy. Still socioeconomic and health issues render many children parentless. One thousand and twenty eight Ethiopian children have been adopted in Belgium from September 2005 to September 2015. Little has been published about their health status at arrival. METHODS: Three hundred and fifteen children adopted from Ethiopia were clinically evaluated at the Institute of Tropical Medicine in Antwerp from 1 January 2008 until 31 December 2014...
November 28, 2016: Acta Clinica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887796/vaccine-strategies-optimising-outcomes
#4
Karin Hardt, Paolo Bonanni, Susan King, Jose Ignacio Santos, Mostafa El-Hodhod, Gregory D Zimet, Scott Preiss
Successful immunisation programmes generally result from high vaccine effectiveness and adequate uptake of vaccines. In the development of new vaccination strategies, the structure and strength of the local healthcare system is a key consideration. In high income countries, existing infrastructures are usually used, while in less developed countries, the capacity for introducing new vaccines may need to be strengthened, particularly for vaccines administered beyond early childhood, such as the measles or human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine...
November 22, 2016: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879486/prospective-interventional-study-of-tenofovir-in-pregnancy-to-prevent-vertical-transmission-of-hepatitis-b-in-highly-viremic-women
#5
Pierre O Sellier, Sarah Maylin, Béatrice Berçot, Dorothée Chopin, Amanda Lopes, Guy Simoneau, John Evans, Véronique Delcey, Jean-Louis Bénifla, François Simon, Jean-François Bergmann
BACKGROUND: The risk of vertical transmission of hepatitis B virus (HBV) increases as maternal HBV DNA increase, despite serovaccination to newborns. METHODS: From 1 July 2012 to 1 January 2016, all pregnant women in Lariboisiere Hospital, Paris, France, with HBV DNA of 5 log10 IU/ml and above were administered tenofovir from week 28 of pregnancy until delivery. HBV DNA was measured at months 1, 2 of tenofovir and at delivery. The newborns were serovaccinated, tested for hepatitis B surface antigen, hepatitis B core antibody (HBcAb)±HBV DNA, and hepatitis B surface antibody (HBsAb) when aged 9 months, and then 24 months...
November 22, 2016: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874945/clinical-effects-in-resection-of-congenital-choledochal-cyst-of-children-and-jejunum-roux-y-anastomosis-by-laparoscope
#6
B-H Yu, F Lin
OBJECTIVE: We compared the effects and complications in resection of the congenital choledochal cyst (CCC) and hepatic duct jejunum Roux-Y anastomosis by laparoscopy and open surgery. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We continuously selected 156 cases of pediatric patients with CCC, which were divided into 70 cases of the laparoscopic group and 86 cases of laparotomy group according to the treatment methods. Then the success rate of surgery, intraoperative and postoperative bleeding, intraoperative and postoperative complications was compared...
November 2016: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866767/minimization-of-hepatitis-b-infection-among-children-in-jiangsu-china-12years-after-integration-of-hepatitis-b-vaccine-into-the-expanded-program-on-immunization
#7
Xiaoqian Lin, Jishi Yang, Huixia Lu, Yulin Zhou, Guiping Zhou, Huiyi Wu, Chenyu Xu, Qiaozhen Wu, Jingli Liu, Shanshan Chen, Muyi Yang, Guangyu Gu, Yali Hu, Yi-Hua Zhou
BACKGROUND: China has integrated hepatitis B vaccine into the Expanded Program on Immunization since 2002. We aimed to survey the seroprevalence of and immunity to hepatitis B virus (HBV) in children born from 2002 to 2014 in Jiangsu, China. METHODS: Totally 3442 children (M:F=2072:1370) at the age of 7months to 12years (5.5±3.6), from five cities and rural areas across Jiangsu province, were enrolled. Blood samples were measured for HBV markers by ELISA and quantitative microparticle enzyme immunoassay...
December 12, 2016: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862309/study-of-greek-children-and-youths-with-cystic-fibrosis-identifies-immunisation-gaps-and-delays
#8
Helena C Maltezou, Stavros Doudounakis, Maria Lekaditi, Kalliopi Tanou, Panos Katerelos, Maria Theodoridou
AIM: Data about immunisation rates in cystic fibrosis (CF) patients are scarce. We estimated the rates and timeliness of immunisations in CF patients aged 0.55-22 years. METHODS: We studied 122 subjects at a hospital in Greece in 2014. A standard questionnaire was used to collect data and parents' opinions about immunisations. RESULTS: The complete immunisation rates were 92.6% for diphtheria-tetanus-acellular pertussis-inactivated poliomyelitis-Haemophilus influenzae (DTaP-IPV-Hib), 96...
November 10, 2016: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859369/childhood-macrophagic-myofasciitis-a-series-from-the-indian-subcontinent
#9
Aanchal Kakkar, Madhu Rajeshwari, Aasma Nalwa, Vaishali Suri, Chitra Sarkar, Biswaroop Chakrabarty, Sheffali Gulati, Mehar C Sharma
INTRODUCTION: Macrophagic myofasciitis (MMF) is a rare disorder, reported mainly in European adults, with occasional childhood cases. We report a series of 6 patients with pediatric MMF from the Indian subcontinent. METHODS: Clinical details, creatine kinase levels, and results of electromyography are described for patients diagnosed with MMF. Fresh-frozen and formalin-fixed muscle biopsies were evaluated by hematoxylin-eosin staining, histochemistry, immunohistochemistry, and electron microscopy...
November 11, 2016: Muscle & Nerve
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858891/pediatric-visceral-leishmaniasis-in-northwest-of-iran
#10
Babak Abdinia, Mohammad Oliaei-Motlagh, Amir Teimouri-Dereshki
Leishmaniasis is one of the major health problems in Iran. Although the incidence of visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is reported almost everywhere, the northwestern Iran is one of the major endemic regions.To do this study, clinical, laboratory as well as disease characteristics of children admitted to Children Cure and Health Hospital, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, were examined as the reference hospital for the treatment of VL in northwestern Iran.In this study, 156 children hospitalized in a pediatric hospital from 2000 to 2015 for VL were included...
November 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855146/global-routine-vaccination-coverage-2015
#11
Rebecca M Casey, Laure Dumolard, M Carolina Danovaro-Holliday, Marta Gacic-Dobo, Mamadou S Diallo, Lee M Hampton, Aaron S Wallace
In 1974, the World Health Organization (WHO) established the Expanded Program on Immunization* to provide protection against six vaccine-preventable diseases through routine infant immunization (1). Based on 2015 WHO and United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) estimates, global coverage with the third dose of diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis vaccine (DTP3), the first dose of measles-containing vaccine (MCV1) and the third dose of polio vaccine (Pol3) has remained stable (84%-86%) since 2010. From 2014 to 2015, estimated global coverage with the second MCV dose (MCV2) increased from 39% to 43% by the end of the second year of life and from 58% to 61% when older age groups were included...
November 18, 2016: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819332/epidemiology-of-hepatitis-b-virus-infection-results-from-a-community-based-study-of-0-15-million-residents-in-south-china
#12
Fangfang Zeng, Pi Guo, Yun Huang, Wei Xin, Zhicheng Du, Shuming Zhu, Yu Deng, Dingmei Zhang, Yuantao Hao
Limited information is available about the current epidemic status of hepatitis B virus (HBV) in Guangdong province in South China, where hepatitis B is endemic. We sought to provide an up-to-date assessment of hepatitis B prevalence in a large population through a community-based study. A total of 169,211 local residents were recruited using the stratified cluster random sampling method from 2014 to 2015, and each participant's information was collected using an interviewer-administered questionnaire. Accordingly, the prevalence of hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) in the total population was 8...
November 7, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818588/update-on-occult-hepatitis-b-virus-infection
#13
REVIEW
Manoochehr Makvandi
The event of mutations in the surface antigen gene of hepatitis B virus (HBV) results in undetectable hepatitis B surface antigen with positive/negative anti-hepatitis B core (anti-HBc) antibody status in serum and this phenomenon is named occult hepatitis B infection (OBI). The presence of anti-HBc antibody in serum is an important key for OBI tracking, although about 20% of OBI cases are negative for anti-HBc antibody. The diagnosis of OBI is mainly based on polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and real-time PCR assays...
October 21, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812178/evaluation-of-the-g145r-mutant-of-the-hepatitis-b-virus-as-a-minor-strain-in-mother-to-child-transmission
#14
Haruki Komatsu, Ayano Inui, Shuichiro Umetsu, Tomoyuki Tsunoda, Tsuyoshi Sogo, Yasuhiro Konishi, Tomoo Fujisawa
The role of the hepatitis B virus (HBV) mutant G145R, with a single change in amino acid 145 of the surface protein, as a minor population remains unknown in mother-to-child transmission. The minor strain as well as the major strain of the G145R mutant were evaluated in three cohorts using a locked nucleic acid probe-based real-time PCR. The breakthrough cohort consisted of children who were born to HBV carrier mothers and became HBV carriers despite immnoprophylaxis (n = 25). The control cohort consisted of HBV carriers who had no history of receiving the hepatitis B vaccine, hepatitis B immunoglobulin or antiviral treatment (n = 126)...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27801781/function-and-regulation-of-micrornas-and-their-potential-as-biomarkers-in-paediatric-liver-disease
#15
REVIEW
Diego A Calvopina, Miranda A Coleman, Peter J Lewindon, Grant A Ramm
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are short non-coding RNAs involved in biological and pathological processes of every cell type, including liver cells. Transcribed from specific genes, miRNA precursors are processed in the cytoplasm into mature miRNAs and as part of the RNA-induced silencing complex (RISC) complex binds to messenger RNA (mRNA) by imperfect complementarity. This leads to the regulation of gene expression at a post-transcriptional level. The function of a number of different miRNAs in fibrogenesis associated with the progression of chronic liver disease has recently been elucidated...
October 27, 2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796468/giant-hepatic-regenerative-nodules-in-alagille-syndrome
#16
Jordan B Rapp, Richard D Bellah, Carolina Maya, Bruce R Pawel, Sudha A Anupindi
BACKGROUND: Children with Alagille syndrome undergo surveillance radiologic examinations as they are at risk for developing cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. There is limited literature on the imaging of liver masses in Alagille syndrome. We report the ultrasound (US) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) appearances of incidental benign giant hepatic regenerative nodules in this population. OBJECTIVE: To describe the imaging findings of giant regenerative nodules in patients with Alagille syndrome...
October 28, 2016: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796133/vertical-transmission-of-hepatitis-b-virus-during-pregnancy-and-delivery-in-denmark
#17
Nina Weis, Susan Cowan, Sofie Hallager, Sandra Dröse, Lena Hagelskjær Kristensen, Karin Grønbæk, Jan Gerstoft, Lone G Madsen, Mette Rye Clausen, Suzanne Lunding, Britta D Tarp, Toke S Barfod, Stine Sloth, Dorte Kinggaard Holm, Jesper Jensen, Henrik Krarup
OBJECTIVE: In Denmark, pregnant women have been screened for hepatitis B virus (HBV) since 2005, and children born to HBV-infected mothers offered hepatitis B immunoglobulin at birth, vaccination against HBV at birth and after 1, 2 and 12 months. The purpose of this study was to determine the risk of vertical HBV transmission in children born to mothers with chronic HBV infection, to investigate the antibody response in the children and to investigate possible maternal predictive risk factors for HBV transmission...
October 31, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795724/host-genetic-variants-in-hla-loci-influence-risk-for-hepatitis-b-virus-infection-in-children
#18
Jie Fan, Xin Huang, Juan Chen, Yiling Cai, Lin Xiong, Lihong Mu, Li Zhou
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is a serious public health problem in China and worldwide. Mother-to-child transmission is one of HBV's main transmission routes in highly endemic regions. Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) identify single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) at HLA loci as associated with HBV infection. However, the mechanisms of HBV perinatal transmission and breakthrough in children have not yet been clearly defined. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to explore the association between SNPs at HLA loci and HBV infection and breakthrough in children...
August 2016: Hepatitis Monthly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779839/hepatitis-b-in-poland-in-2014
#19
Małgorzata Stępień, Katarzyna Piwowarow, Mirosław P Czarkowski
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to assess the epidemiological situation of hepatitis B in Poland in 2014 in comparison with the previous years. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The evaluation of the epidemiological situation was carried out on a basis of analysis of data from case-based reports on acute hepatitis B registered by sanitary and epidemiological stations, aggregate data derived from annual bulletins “Infectious diseases and poisonings in Poland”, data from annual bulletin “Vaccinations in Poland” and data on locally registered HBsAg carriers...
2016: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765123/-follow-up-study-on-efficacy-of-blocking-mother-to-infant-transmission-of-hbv-and-its-influence-factors-in-jiangsu-province-2010-2015
#20
J Jiang, S L Dai, J F Xu, Y Zou, L G Zhu, H Peng, F C Zhu, X J Zhai
Objective: To evaluate the effects of blocking transmission of HBV from mother to infant in Jiangsu, and discuss influencing factors related to development of chronic HBV infection in children of HBsAg positive mother. Methods: HBsAg positive mothers delivered during 2010-2015 in three counties of Jiangsu (Zhangjiagang, Danyang and Taixing) and their neonates were included in the study. The neonates were vaccinated with hepatitis B vaccine (10 μg) and hepatitis B immunoglobin (100 units) within 24 hours after birth...
October 10, 2016: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
keyword
keyword
82253
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"