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Hepatitis c in children

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922112/plasma-cathepsin-d-correlates-with-histological-classifications-of-fatty-liver-disease-in-adults-and-responds-to-intervention
#1
Sofie M A Walenbergh, Tom Houben, Sander S Rensen, Veerle Bieghs, Tim Hendrikx, Patrick J van Gorp, Yvonne Oligschlaeger, Mike L J Jeurissen, Marion J J Gijbels, Wim A Buurman, Anita C E Vreugdenhil, Jan Willem M Greve, Jogchum Plat, Marten H Hofker, Satish Kalhan, Jussi Pihlajamäki, Patrick Lindsey, Ger H Koek, Ronit Shiri-Sverdlov
Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is characterized by liver lipid accumulation and inflammation. The mechanisms that trigger hepatic inflammation are poorly understood and subsequently, no specific non-invasive markers exist. We previously demonstrated a reduction in the plasma lysosomal enzyme, cathepsin D (CatD), in children with NASH compared to children without NASH. Recent studies have raised the concept that non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in adults is distinct from children due to a different histological pattern in the liver...
December 6, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915025/molecular-analysis-of-the-agxt-gene-in-patients-suspected-with-hyperoxaluria-type-1-and-three-novel-mutations-from-turkey
#2
Emel Isiyel, Sevcan A Bakkaloglu Ezgu, Salim Caliskan, Sema Akman, Ipek Akil, Yilmaz Tabel, Nurver Akinci, Elif Bahat Ozdogan, Ahmet Ozel, Fehime Kara Eroglu, Fatih S Ezgu
Primary hyperoxaluria type 1 (PH1) is a rare, autosomal recessive disease, caused by the defect of AGXT gene encoding hepatic peroxisomal alanine glyoxylateaminotransferase (AGT). This enzyme is responsible for the conversion of glyoxylate to glycine. The diagnosis of PH1 should be suspected in infants and children with nephrocalcinosis or nephrolithiasis. Early diagnosis and treatment is crucial in preventing disease progression to end stage kidney disease (ESKD). In this study, AGXT gene sequence analyses were performed in 82 patients who were clinically suspected (hyperoxaluria and nephrolithiasis or nephrocalcinosis with or without renal impairment) to have PH1...
November 1, 2016: Molecular Genetics and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905898/physical-activity-and-sedentary-behavior-can-modulate-the-effect-of-the-pnpla3-variant-on-childhood-nafld-a-case-control-study-in-a-chinese-population
#3
Shuo Wang, Jieyun Song, Xiaorui Shang, Nitesh Chawla, Yide Yang, Xiangrui Meng, Haijun Wang, Jun Ma
BACKGROUND: The patatin like phospholipase containing domain 3 gene (PNPLA3) rs738409 C > G polymorphism, one of the most important gene polymorphisms involved in hepatic steatosis, has been reported to interact with different nutrients and dietary patterns on Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD), but no studies have focused on its interaction with physical activity or sedentary behavior. Therefore, this study aims at determining whether physical activity or sedentary behavior could modulate the effect of the PNPLA3 variant on childhood NAFLD...
December 1, 2016: BMC Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898593/coinfection-with-hiv-and-hepatitis-c-virus-in-229-children-and-young-adults-living-in-europe
#4
(no author information available yet)
OBJECTIVE: To characterize children, adolescents and young adults infected with HIV/hepatitis C virus (HCV) vertically or before age of 18 years and living in Europe regarding mode of acquisition, HCV genotype, clinical status and treatment. DESIGN: Retrospective, cross-sectional study using pooled data from 11 European paediatric HIV cohorts. METHODS: Patients aged more than 18 months and less than 25 years, with HIV/HCV acquired vertically or in childhood, were included...
January 2, 2017: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895405/impact-of-il28b-and-oas-gene-family-polymorphisms-on-interferon-treatment-response-in-caucasian-children-chronically-infected-with-hepatitis-b-virus
#5
Krzysztof Domagalski, Małgorzata Pawłowska, Agnieszka Zaleśna, Małgorzata Pilarczyk, Paweł Rajewski, Waldemar Halota, Andrzej Tretyn
AIM: To investigate the impact of IL28B and OAS gene polymorphisms on interferon treatment responses in children with chronic hepatitis B. METHODS: We enrolled 52 children (between the ages of 4 and 18) with hepatitis B e antigen-negative chronic hepatitis B (CHB), who were treated with pegylated interferon alfa for 48 wk. Single nucleotide polymorphisms in the OAS1 (rs1131476), OAS2 (rs1293747), OAS3 (rs2072136), OASL (rs10849829) and IL28B (rs12979860, rs12980275 and rs8099917) genes were studied to examine their associations with responses to IFN treatment in paediatric patients...
November 7, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892847/international-adoption-from-ethiopia-an-overview-of-the-health-status-at-arrival-in-belgium
#6
Lydia Van Kesteren, Marek Wojciechowski
BACKGROUND: Ethiopia is a densely populated country with a fast growing economy. Still socioeconomic and health issues render many children parentless. One thousand and twenty eight Ethiopian children have been adopted in Belgium from September 2005 to September 2015. Little has been published about their health status at arrival. METHODS: Three hundred and fifteen children adopted from Ethiopia were clinically evaluated at the Institute of Tropical Medicine in Antwerp from 1 January 2008 until 31 December 2014...
November 28, 2016: Acta Clinica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884679/risk-stratified-staging-in-paediatric-hepatoblastoma-a-unified-analysis-from-the-children-s-hepatic-tumors-international-collaboration
#7
Rebecka L Meyers, Rudolf Maibach, Eiso Hiyama, Beate Häberle, Mark Krailo, Arun Rangaswami, Daniel C Aronson, Marcio H Malogolowkin, Giorgio Perilongo, Dietrich von Schweinitz, Marc Ansari, Dolores Lopez-Terrada, Yukichi Tanaka, Rita Alaggio, Ivo Leuschner, Tomoro Hishiki, Irene Schmid, Kenichiro Watanabe, Kenichi Yoshimura, Yurong Feng, Eugenia Rinaldi, Davide Saraceno, Marisa Derosa, Piotr Czauderna
BACKGROUND: Comparative assessment of treatment results in paediatric hepatoblastoma trials has been hampered by small patient numbers and the use of multiple disparate staging systems by the four major trial groups. To address this challenge, we formed a global coalition, the Children's Hepatic tumors International Collaboration (CHIC), with the aim of creating a common approach to staging and risk stratification in this rare cancer. METHODS: The CHIC steering committee-consisting of leadership from the four major cooperative trial groups (the International Childhood Liver Tumours Strategy Group, Children's Oncology Group, the German Society for Paediatric Oncology and Haematology, and the Japanese Study Group for Paediatric Liver Tumours)-created a shared international database that includes comprehensive data from 1605 children treated in eight multicentre hepatoblastoma trials over 25 years...
November 21, 2016: Lancet Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882759/-management-of-care-of-hiv-positive-pregnant-women-in-the-period-1996-2014
#8
M Mojhová, I Mikysková, M Halaška, M Staňková, H Rozsypal, J Šrámek, J Záhumenský, M Malý
OBJECTIVE: The evaluation of multidisplinary care about HIV positive pregnant women in the Czech Republic. DESIGN: Review. SETTINGS: Gynekologicko-porodnická klinika 1. LF UK a Nemocnice na Bulovce, Praha. METHODS: The vertical transmission of HIV infection from mother to fetus occurs most often during birth, still 1-2% of HIV-positive pregnant women will transfer the virus transplacenta. Due to careful screening for HIV during pregnancy, counselling, combination antiretroviral (cART) therapy, childbirth planning and its performance by C-section there appears a significant decrease of the virus transmission to the fetus, its occurrence is around 2%...
2016: Ceská Gynekologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27877087/il28b-snp-rs12979860-is-the-critical-predictor-for-sustained-viral-response-in-chinese-children-aged-1-to-6-years-with-chronic-hepatitis-c
#9
Yan-Wei Zhong, Hong-Fei Zhang, Yan-Min Shi, Yong-Li Li, Fang Chu, Zhi-Qiang Xu, Da-Wei Chen, Yu Gan, Fu-Chuan Wang, Mei-Lei Gu, Yi Dong, Shi-Shu Zhu, Ce Shi, Hua-Hao Fan, Xiu-Chang Zhang, Min Zhang
Clinical data on children with chronic hepatitis C (CHC) remain extremely limited. This study investigated sustained virologic response (SVR) to alfa-interferon 2b plus RBV treatment in children aged 1-6 years with unsafe injection-acquired CHC. 154 children with CHC aged 1 to 6 years were enrolled, 101 of them were male (65.6%) and 53 were female (34.4%), and they were treated with alfa-interferon at a dose of 1-5 MIU/m(2) 3 times weekly plus oral RBV (15 mg/kg/day) for 48 weeks. 57(39.3 %) of them were genotype 1b, 73(50...
2016: International Journal of Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866767/minimization-of-hepatitis-b-infection-among-children-in-jiangsu-china-12years-after-integration-of-hepatitis-b-vaccine-into-the-expanded-program-on-immunization
#10
Xiaoqian Lin, Jishi Yang, Huixia Lu, Yulin Zhou, Guiping Zhou, Huiyi Wu, Chenyu Xu, Qiaozhen Wu, Jingli Liu, Shanshan Chen, Muyi Yang, Guangyu Gu, Yali Hu, Yi-Hua Zhou
BACKGROUND: China has integrated hepatitis B vaccine into the Expanded Program on Immunization since 2002. We aimed to survey the seroprevalence of and immunity to hepatitis B virus (HBV) in children born from 2002 to 2014 in Jiangsu, China. METHODS: Totally 3442 children (M:F=2072:1370) at the age of 7months to 12years (5.5±3.6), from five cities and rural areas across Jiangsu province, were enrolled. Blood samples were measured for HBV markers by ELISA and quantitative microparticle enzyme immunoassay...
December 12, 2016: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862309/study-of-greek-children-and-youths-with-cystic-fibrosis-identifies-immunisation-gaps-and-delays
#11
Helena C Maltezou, Stavros Doudounakis, Maria Lekaditi, Kalliopi Tanou, Panos Katerelos, Maria Theodoridou
AIM: Data about immunisation rates in cystic fibrosis (CF) patients are scarce. We estimated the rates and timeliness of immunisations in CF patients aged 0.55-22 years. METHODS: We studied 122 subjects at a hospital in Greece in 2014. A standard questionnaire was used to collect data and parents' opinions about immunisations. RESULTS: The complete immunisation rates were 92.6% for diphtheria-tetanus-acellular pertussis-inactivated poliomyelitis-Haemophilus influenzae (DTaP-IPV-Hib), 96...
November 10, 2016: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859369/childhood-macrophagic-myofasciitis-a-series-from-the-indian-subcontinent
#12
Aanchal Kakkar, Madhu Rajeshwari, Aasma Nalwa, Vaishali Suri, Chitra Sarkar, Biswaroop Chakrabarty, Sheffali Gulati, Mehar C Sharma
INTRODUCTION: Macrophagic myofasciitis (MMF) is a rare disorder, reported mainly in European adults, with occasional childhood cases. We report a series of 6 patients with pediatric MMF from the Indian subcontinent. METHODS: Clinical details, creatine kinase levels, and results of electromyography are described for patients diagnosed with MMF. Fresh-frozen and formalin-fixed muscle biopsies were evaluated by hematoxylin-eosin staining, histochemistry, immunohistochemistry, and electron microscopy...
November 11, 2016: Muscle & Nerve
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854028/impaired-fasting-glucose-and-impaired-glucose-tolerance-in-children-and-adolescents-with-overweight-obesity
#13
P Di Bonito, L Pacifico, C Chiesa, G Valerio, E Miraglia Del Giudice, C Maffeis, A Morandi, C Invitti, M R Licenziati, S Loche, G Tornese, F Franco, M Manco, M G Baroni
OBJECTIVE: To investigate in a large sample of overweight/obese (OW/OB) children and adolescents the prevalence of prediabetic phenotypes such as impaired fasting glucose (IFG) and impaired glucose tolerance (IGT), and to assess their association with cardiometabolic risk (CMR) factors including hepatic steatosis (HS). METHODS: Population data were obtained from the CARdiometabolic risk factors in children and adolescents in ITALY study. Between 2003 and 2013, 3088 youths (972 children and 2116 adolescents) received oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) and were included in the study...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836372/children-with-hepatitis-c-the-impact-of-disease-and-treatment-on-patients-caregivers-and-families
#14
Rachel A Annunziato, Samantha G Lee, Elizabeth Galici, Ronen Arnon
: Previous research on children with HCV has examined patient psychosocial outcomes but little is known about the impact of HCV and its prolonged treatment, which includes weekly injections and oral medications for 6-12 months, on caregivers and families. The present study aimed to address this gap. DESIGN AND METHODS: Using a case series design (N=10), baseline distress levels of individuals and families as well as changes during HCV treatment were examined. A brief patient, caregiver, and family assessment packet was given before and immediately after treatment, but before the final outcome of treatment was known...
November 8, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829683/biochemical-and-molecular-characteristics-of-citrin-deficiency-in-korean-children
#15
Seak Hee Oh, Beom Hee Lee, Gu-Hwan Kim, Jin-Ho Choi, Kyung Mo Kim, Han-Wook Yoo
Mutations in SLC25A13 cause citrin deficiency, which has three phenotypes: neonatal intrahepatic cholestasis caused by citrin deficiency (NICCD), failure to thrive and dyslipidemia caused by citrin deficiency (FTTDCD) and adult-onset type 2 citrullinemia (CTLN2). The purpose of this study was to determine the mutation spectrum and the clinical and biochemical characteristics of citrin deficiency in Korean patients. Thirty-four patients were diagnosed with citrin deficiency based on mutations in SLC25A13, as verified by direct sequencing and long PCR screening of a large transposon insertion...
November 10, 2016: Journal of Human Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818588/update-on-occult-hepatitis-b-virus-infection
#16
REVIEW
Manoochehr Makvandi
The event of mutations in the surface antigen gene of hepatitis B virus (HBV) results in undetectable hepatitis B surface antigen with positive/negative anti-hepatitis B core (anti-HBc) antibody status in serum and this phenomenon is named occult hepatitis B infection (OBI). The presence of anti-HBc antibody in serum is an important key for OBI tracking, although about 20% of OBI cases are negative for anti-HBc antibody. The diagnosis of OBI is mainly based on polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and real-time PCR assays...
October 21, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796133/vertical-transmission-of-hepatitis-b-virus-during-pregnancy-and-delivery-in-denmark
#17
Nina Weis, Susan Cowan, Sofie Hallager, Sandra Dröse, Lena Hagelskjær Kristensen, Karin Grønbæk, Jan Gerstoft, Lone G Madsen, Mette Rye Clausen, Suzanne Lunding, Britta D Tarp, Toke S Barfod, Stine Sloth, Dorte Kinggaard Holm, Jesper Jensen, Henrik Krarup
OBJECTIVE: In Denmark, pregnant women have been screened for hepatitis B virus (HBV) since 2005, and children born to HBV-infected mothers offered hepatitis B immunoglobulin at birth, vaccination against HBV at birth and after 1, 2 and 12 months. The purpose of this study was to determine the risk of vertical HBV transmission in children born to mothers with chronic HBV infection, to investigate the antibody response in the children and to investigate possible maternal predictive risk factors for HBV transmission...
October 31, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27780972/developmental-origins-of-nafld-a-womb-with-a-clue
#18
REVIEW
Stephanie R Wesolowski, Karim C El Kasmi, Karen R Jonscher, Jacob E Friedman
Changes in the maternal environment leading to an altered intrauterine milieu can result in subtle insults to the fetus, promoting increased lifetime disease risk and/or disease acceleration in childhood and later in life. Particularly worrisome is that the prevalence of NAFLD is rapidly increasing among children and adults, and is being diagnosed at increasingly younger ages, pointing towards an early-life origin. A wealth of evidence, in humans and non-human primates, suggests that maternal nutrition affects the placenta and fetal tissues, leading to persistent changes in hepatic metabolism, mitochondrial function, the intestinal microbiota, liver macrophage activation and susceptibility to NASH postnatally...
October 26, 2016: Nature Reviews. Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27778427/drug-hypersensitivity-syndrome-with-prolonged-course-complicated-by-parvovirus-infection
#19
Carrie C Coughlin, Melinda V Jen, Markus D Boos
Drug hypersensitivity syndrome (DHS) is a severe medication reaction involving multiple organ systems that is characterized by rash, lymphadenopathy, and laboratory aberrations, including hepatic enzyme changes. Viral reactivation in the setting of DHS can significantly affect the course of disease. We report two children in whom parvovirus infection prolonged and complicated their course of DHS. Most other DHS-complicating viruses are herpesviruses; this report broadens the scope of DHS-modifying infections to include activation of Parvoviridae...
October 25, 2016: Pediatric Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27773490/-adapting-immunisation-schedules-for-children-undergoing-chemotherapy
#20
María Fernández-Prada, María Rodríguez-Martínez, Rebeca García-García, María Dolores García-Corte, Carmen Martínez-Ortega
INTRODUCTION: Children undergoing chemotherapy for cancer have special vaccination needs after completion of the treatment. The aim of this study was to evaluate the adaptation of post-chemotherapy vaccination schedules. METHOD: An observational study was performed on a retrospective cohort that included all children aged from 0 to 14 years, who completed chemotherapy in a tertiary hospital between 2009 and 2015. Inclusion and exclusion criteria were applied. Immunisation was administered in accordance with the guidelines of the Vaccine Advisory Committee of the Spanish Association of Paediatrics...
October 20, 2016: Enfermedades Infecciosas y Microbiología Clínica
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