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Bilirubin, cancer

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777455/combined-preoperative-albi-and-fib-4-is-associated-with-recurrence-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-after-curative-hepatectomy
#1
Rui Liao, De-Wei Li, Cheng-You Du, Ming Li
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Chronic inflammatory response is a risk factor for hepatocarcinogenesis and recurrence. This study aimed to develop a nomogram incorporating the combined albumin-bilirubin (ALBI) and fibrosis-4 (FIB-4) scores and the peritumoral inflammation score (PIS) to predict postoperative recurrence-free survival (RFS) of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). METHODS: The prognostic roles of preoperative ALBI and FIB-4 scores for HCC recurrence were investigated, and a nomogram was developed...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776350/increased-systemic-zonula-occludens-1-associated-with-inflammation-and-independent-biomarker-in-patients-with-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#2
Amit Kumar Ram, Biju Pottakat, Balasubramaniyan Vairappan
BACKGROUND: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a frequent type of primary liver cancer, and its prevalence is increasing worldwide. Indeed, the underlying molecular mechanism is not well understood. Previous studies have shown evidence that tight junction (TJ) components were correlated with carcinogenesis and tumor development. Our aims were to determine the serum levels of tight junction protein Zonula Occludens (ZO)-1 and an inflammatory marker such as high-sensitive C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) in HCC patients compared to healthy volunteers and also to identify the association between ZO-1 and inflammation in HCC...
May 18, 2018: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772618/-a-case-of-metastasis-of-cholangiocarcinoma-to-the-bladder
#3
Akiou Okumura, Akihiro Morii, Kiyoshi Takagawa, Hiroshi Kitamura
The patient was an 88-year-old male. He was referred to the Department of Internal Medicine because of total body itching and jaundice in July 2011. The serum bilirubin level was elevated, and the serum CA19-9 level was also elevated to 266. 6 U/ml. Computed tomography (CT) and endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) revealed a solid tumor between the hepatic hilus and common bile duct, and choler cytodiagnosis was class V ; adenocarcinoma. The patient was diagnosed with hilar cholangiocarcinoma and received conservative treatment with endoscopic nasobiliary drainage (ENBD) due to his advanced age...
April 2018: Hinyokika Kiyo. Acta Urologica Japonica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768385/low-pg-i-ii-ratio-as-a-marker-of-atrophic-gastritis-association-with-nutritional-and-metabolic-status-in-healthy-people
#4
Weiwei Su, Bin Zhou, Guangming Qin, Zhihao Chen, Xiaoge Geng, Xiaojun Chen, Wensheng Pan
A low pepsinogen (PG) I/II ratio can be used to detect atrophic gastritis (AG). Recent research has found that the PG I/II ratio is associated with several nutritional and metabolic disorders. The aim of this study is to investigate the relationship between the PG I/II ratio and biochemical markers in a Chinese population.In total, 1896 participants in a gastric cancer screening program underwent a health screening test that included assessment of serum pepsinogens. Subjects with PG I/II < 3.0 were considered as having atrophic gastritis...
May 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767833/post-operative-care-of-interventional-therapy-for-40-liver-cancer-patients-with-obstructive-jaundice
#5
De-Ping Tong, Li-Qin Wu, Xiao-Ping Chen, Yi Li
The care of 40 patients with primary liver cancer with obstructive jaundice treated with liver puncture bile drainage or biliary stent implantation was reported. Treated with the interventional therapy, patients were observed closely to identify symptoms of hepatic encephalopathy and pain; diet care was well performed. Bile drainage tube and skin acre were performed carefully. Liver function, bilirubin and other biochemical indicators were monitored; occurrence of bleeding, acute pancreatitis, biliary tract infection, leakage of ascites around drainage tube and other complication were observed with good discharge instruction...
May 16, 2018: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766659/prognosis-of-patients-with-hepatocellular-carcinoma-treated-with-sorafenib-a-comparison-of-five-models-in-a-large-canadian-database
#6
Haider H Samawi, Hao-Wen Sim, Kelvin K Chan, Mohammad A Alghamdi, Richard M Lee-Ying, Jennifer J Knox, Parneet Gill, Adriana Romagnino, Eugene Batuyong, Yoo-Joung Ko, Janine M Davies, Howard J Lim, Winson Y Cheung, Vincent C Tam
Several systems (tumor-node-metastasis [TNM], Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer [BCLC], Okuda, Cancer of the Liver Italian Program [CLIP], and albumin-bilirubin grade [ALBI]) were developed to estimate the prognosis of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) mostly prior to the prevalent use of sorafenib. We aimed to compare the prognostic and discriminatory power of these models in predicting survival for HCC patients treated with sorafenib and to identify independent prognostic factors for survival in this population...
May 15, 2018: Cancer Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765560/transarterial-chemoembolization-as-a-substitute-to-radiofrequency-ablation-for-treating-barcelona-clinic-liver-cancer-stage-0-a-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#7
Kentaro Ishikawa, Tetsuhiro Chiba, Yoshihiko Ooka, Eiichiro Suzuki, Sadahisa Ogasawara, Takahiro Maeda, Masayuki Yokoyama, Masanori Inoue, Toru Wakamatsu, Yuko Kusakabe, Tomoko Saito, Akinobu Tawada, Makoto Arai, Tatsuo Kanda, Hitoshi Maruyama, Fumio Imazeki, Naoya Kato
Background and Aim: Transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) is the standard procedure for treating Barcelona clinic liver cancer (BCLC) stage B hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, it is often carried out in the treatment of BCLC stage 0/A HCC for various reasons. This study aimed to elucidate the prognosis for BCLC stage 0/A HCC patients treated with TACE or with radiofrequency ablation (RFA). Materials and Methods: The prognosis of 242 BCLC stage 0/A HCC patients within Milan criteria who underwent initially TACE or RFA were retrospectively analyzed using propensity score matching analysis...
April 20, 2018: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753615/targeting-the-proinflammatory-cytokines-oxidative-stress-apoptosis-and-tgf-%C3%AE-1-stat-3-signaling-by-irbesartan-to-ameliorate-doxorubicin-induced-hepatotoxicity
#8
Ahmed M Kabel, Abdulaziz A Alzahrani, Nawaf M Bawazir, Rayan O Khawtani, Hany H Arab
Doxorubicin (DOX) is an anthracycline antibiotic that is used frequently for treatment of various types of malignancies. Hepatotoxicity is one of the serious complications of DOX. The aim of this study was to explore the effect of different doses of irbesartan on doxorubicin-induced hepatotoxicity in mice. Sixty male BALB/c mice were divided into six equal groups as follows: Control group; DOX group; Irbesartan (Small dose) group; Irbesartan (Large dose) group; DOX + Irbesartan (Small dose) group and DOX + Irbesartan (Large dose) group...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy: Official Journal of the Japan Society of Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752510/impact-of-biliary-drainage-on-multidetector-row-computed-tomography-on-r0-resection-of-perihilar-cholangiocarcinoma
#9
Isamu Hosokawa, Hiroaki Shimizu, Hideyuki Yoshitomi, Katsunori Furukawa, Tsukasa Takayashiki, Masaru Miyazaki, Masayuki Ohtsuka
BACKGROUND: Although multidetector-row computed tomography (MDCT) before biliary drainage is useful for the assessment of the resectability of perihilar cholangiocarcinoma (PHC), the impact of biliary drainage on MDCT images before surgical resection for PHC has been poorly studied, and its possible consequences for R0 resection of PHC remain unclear. This study was performed to compare the surgical outcomes of patients with PHC who underwent MDCT before versus after biliary drainage...
May 11, 2018: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752133/usefulness-of-ca-19-9-for-pancreatic-cancer-screening-in-patients-with-new-onset-diabetes
#10
Jung Wan Choe, Hyo Jung Kim, Jae Seon Kim, Jaehyung Cha, Moon Kyung Joo, Beom Jae Lee, Jong-Jae Park, Young-Tae Bak
BACKGROUND: Generally, carbohydrate antigen 19-9 (CA 19-9) is not useful for screening pancreatic cancer in the asymptomatic general population. This study aimed to evaluate the utility of CA 19-9 level as a screening indicator of pancreatic cancer in asymptomatic patients with new-onset diabetes. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of patients who visited our health promotion center for health check-ups without cancer related symptoms from January 2005 to January 2014, and were newly diagnosed with diabetes mellitus (DM) within 2 years before their visit...
April 20, 2018: Hepatobiliary & Pancreatic Diseases International: HBPD INT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743794/role-of-indocyanine-green-in-predicting-post-transarterial-chemoembolization-liver-failure-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#11
Shalimar, Sushil Jain, Shivanand R Gamanagatti, Saurabh Kedia, Bhaskar Thakur, Baibaswata Nayak, Harpreet Kaur, Deepak Gunjan, Shashi B Paul, Subrat K Acharya
Background/aim: Post-Transarterial Chemoembolization (TACE) Liver Failure (LF) is common in patients with Hepatocellular Carcinoma (HCC). No definitive objective parameters predict its occurrence. We assessed the role of Indocyanine Green (ICG) in prediction of post-TACE LF. Methods: Consecutive HCC patients with Child A/B class, categorized as Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer (BCLC) staging A/B, were included between August 2012 and July 2014. All underwent ICG dynamics: Plasma Disappearance Rate (PDR) was recorded on the day of TACE...
March 2018: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736388/aqueous-extract-of-carica-papaya-linn-roots-potentially-attenuates-arsenic-induced-biochemical-and-genotoxic-effects-in-wistar-rats
#12
Oluwafemi Adeleke Ojo, Adebola Busola Ojo, Olayinka Awoyinka, Basiru Olaitan Ajiboye, Babatunji Emmanuel Oyinloye, Olukemi Adetutu Osukoya, Israel Idowu Olayide, Adejoke Ibitayo
In Africa, the fruit, leaf, seed and roots of Carica papaya Linn. are generally used to treat a variety of diseases such as malaria, cancer, and cardiovascular diseases. In this study, we evaluated the protective potentials of aqueous extract of C. papaya roots on arsenic-induced biochemical and genotoxic effects in Wistar rats. Rats were induced intraperitoneal with sodium arsenate (dissolved in distilled water at 3 mg/kg body weight) for 21 days and the animals were administered simultaneously with 200 mg/kg body weight vitamin C, 100 and 150 mg/kg body weight of the C...
April 2018: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733995/comparison-of-hepatoprotective-effect-from-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-of-remote-ischemic-preconditioning-of-the-liver-vs-local-ischemic-preconditioning-of-the-liver-during-human-liver-resections
#13
Mislav Rakić, Leonardo Patrlj, Fedor Amić, Gorana Aralica, Ivica Grgurević
AIM: To compare and evaluate the hepatoprotective effect of remote ischemic preconditioning (RIPC) with local ischemic preconditioning (LIPC) of the liver during human liver resections. METHODS: A prospective, single-centre, randomised control trial was conducted in the Clinical Hospital "***" from April 2017 to January 2018. A total of 60 patients, who underwent liver resection due to colorectal cancer liver metastasis, were randomised to one of three study arms: 1)a RIPC group, 2) an LIPC group and 3) a control group (CG) in which no ischemic preconditioning was done before liver resection...
May 4, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718791/radioembolization-in-advanced-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#14
Ahsun Riaz, Robert Lewandowski, Riad Salem
The Oncology Grand Rounds series is designed to place original reports published in the Journal into clinical context. A case presentation is followed by a description of diagnostic and management challenges, a review of the relevant literature, and a summary of the authors' suggested management approaches. The goal of this series is to help readers better understand how to apply the results of key studies, including those published in Journal of Clinical Oncology, to patients seen in their own clinical practice...
May 2, 2018: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29712433/bilirubin-nanoparticle-assisted-delivery-of-a-small-molecule-drug-conjugate-for-targeted-cancer-therapy
#15
Soyoung Lee, Yonghyun Lee, Hyungjun Kim, Dong Yun Lee, Sangyong Jon
Despite growing interest in targeted cancer therapy with small molecule drug conjugates (SMDCs), the short half-life of these conjugates in blood associated with their small size has limited their efficacy in cancer therapy. In this report, we propose a new approach for improving the antitumor efficacy of SMDCs based on nanoparticle-assisted delivery. Ideally, a nanoparticle-based delivery vehicle would prolong the half-life of an SMDC in blood and then release it in response to stimuli in the tumor microenvironment (TME)...
April 30, 2018: Biomacromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29700205/laboratory-based-biomarkers-and-liver-metastases-in-metastatic-castration-resistant-prostate-cancer
#16
Patrick M Cotogno, Lahiru K Ranasinghe, Elisa M Ledet, Brian E Lewis, Oliver Sartor
BACKGROUND: Metastatic castrate-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) patients with liver metastases have a poor prognosis. No large studies have investigated the clinical and biochemical parameters associated with liver metastases in this population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patient data made available via Project Data Sphere were collected from 1,281 men with mCRPC who were enrolled on to three phase III clinical trials for the treatment of their disease. Multiple logistic regression was performed on eight clinical and biochemical baseline variables to test their association with the presence of liver metastases on baseline radiographic imaging...
April 26, 2018: Oncologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693796/a-phase-1-study-of-cabozantinib-in-children-and-adolescents-with-recurrent-or-refractory-solid-tumors-including-cns-tumors-trial-advl1211-a-report-from-the-children-s-oncology-group
#17
Meredith K Chuk, Brigitte C Widemann, Charles G Minard, Xiaowei Liu, AeRang Kim, Melanie Brooke Bernhardt, Rachel A Kudgus, Joel M Reid, Stephan D Voss, Susan Blaney, Elizabeth Fox, Brenda J Weigel
BACKGROUND: We conducted a phase 1 trial to determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD), toxicity profile, pharmacokinetics (PK), pharmacodynamics (PD), and preliminary activity of cabozantinib in children with refractory or relapsed solid tumors. METHODS: Patients received cabozantinib tablets on a continuous dosing schedule in a rolling-six escalating phase 1 trial design. PK and PD studies were performed. RESULTS: Forty-one patients, median (range) age 13 (4-18) years, received cabozantinib to achieve a weekly cumulative dose equivalent to 30 (n = 6), 40 (n = 23)...
April 25, 2018: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682369/intrahepatic-cholangiocarcinoma-masquerading-as-acute-fatty-liver-of-pregnancy-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#18
Ayman Qasrawi, Omar Abughanimeh, Mouhanna Abu Ghanimeh, Simran Arora-Elder, Osama Yousef, Tarek Tamimi
Cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) is an uncommon cancer and accounts only for 3% of all gastrointestinal malignancies. In this report, we present a case of an intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma masquerading as acute fatty liver of pregnancy (AFLP). A 38-year-old female who is 36-week pregnant presented with a 1-week history of headache, nausea, vomiting, and right upper abdominal pain, along with hepatomegaly. Laboratory investigations were remarkable for mild leukocytosis, hyperbilirubinemia, proteinuria, and elevated transaminases and prothrombin time...
2018: Case Reports in Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672189/abrogation-of-hepatic-damage-induced-by-anticancer-drug-methotrexate-by-zobo-hibiscus-sabdariffa-extract-supplementation-via-targeting-oxidative-hepatotoxicity-in-rats
#19
Ademola C Famurewa, Abiola M Folawiyo, Michael A Epete, Emeka C Igwe, Paul I Okike, Ekenechukwu K Maduagwuna
Clinical use of methotrexate (MTX) in cancer chemotherapy is limited due to its side effects, notably associated with increased oxidative stress and hepatotoxicity. Zobo is an aqueous extract of Hibiscus sabdariffa known to contain natural antioxidants. The present study investigated the hepatoprotective effect of zobo drink (ZD) on MTX-induced oxidative stress and hepatotoxicity in rats. Rats randomized to control group received distilled water orally; MTX group received intraperitoneal (ip) injection of MTX (20 mg/kg) on day 11; ZD + MTX group was administered ZD (10 ml/kg) for 14 days and was injected with MTX on day 11...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Dietary Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663832/therapeutic-role-of-calcium-and-vitamin-k3-in-chemically-induced-hepatocarcinogenesis-new-tools-for-cancer-treatment
#20
Firoz Anwar, Ruqaiyah Khan, Richa Sachan, Imran Kazmi, Alisha Rawat, Abdullah Sabih, Rajbala Singh, Muhammad Afzal, Aftab Ahmad, Abdulaziz S Al-Orab, F A Al-Abbasi, Prakash Chandra Bhatt, Vikas Kumar
HCC has been reported to be immensely occurring carcinoma worldwide. Recent days the mortality occurred due to liver cancer has also been found to be increased at an alarming speed affecting mostly the young patients. The aim of the current study was to decipher the role of calcium and vitamin K3 in the treatment of chemically induced hepatocarcinogenesis in the male Wistar rats. Liver cancer was induced via a subnecrogenic dose of 160 mg/kg body weight, diethylnitrosamine (DENA) when associated with fasting/refeeding in male Wistar rats...
April 17, 2018: Archives of Physiology and Biochemistry
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