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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909769/evaluation-of-131-i-scintigraphy-and-stimulated-thyroglobulin-levels-in-the-follow-up-of-patients-with-dtc-a-retrospective-analysis-of-1420-patients
#1
Jose Manuel Gonzalez Carvalho, Dennis Görlich, Otmar Schober, Christian Wenning, Burkhard Riemann, Frederik Anton Verburg, Alexis Vrachimis
AIM: To study the clinical yield of diagnostic whole body (131)I scintigraphy (DxWBS) in the follow-up of differentiated thyroid carcinoma (DTC) patients in relation to stimulated thyroglobulin (sTg) in the initial post-ablation setting, as well as in the setting of repeated monitoring in course of further DTC follow-up. METHODS: Data of 1420 thyroidectomized and radioiodine remnant-ablated DTC patients following a well-defined therapy and standardized follow-up protocol were evaluated...
December 1, 2016: European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904869/value-of-dedicated-head-and-neck-18-f-fdg-pet-ct-protocol-in-detecting-recurrent-and-metastatic-lesions-in-post-surgical-differentiated-thyroid-carcinoma-patients-with-high-serum-thyroglobulin-level-and-negative-131-i-whole-body-scan
#2
Mai Hong Son, Bui Quang Bieu, Le Ngoc Ha
OBJECTIVES: In clinical practice, approximately 10-25% of post-surgical differentiated thyroid carcinoma (DTC) patients with high serum thyroglobulin (Tg) and negative (131)I whole-body scan (WBS) have poor prognosis due to recurrent or metastatic lesions after radioactive iodine treatment. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the value of (18)F-FDG PET/CT scan in DTC patients with high serum Tg level and negative (131)I WBS. METHODS: 69 post-surgical DTC patients with high serum Tg level and negative post ablation (131)I WBS were enrolled in this study...
2016: Asia Oceania Journal of Nuclear Medicine & Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902975/timing-of-hormone-withdrawal-in-children-undergoing-131i-whole-body-scans-for-thyroid-cancer
#3
Sophie Turpin, Raymond Lambert, Cheri Deal
BACKGROUND: Little objective pediatric data exist to guide the optimal time needed to achieve thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) levels ≥30 μIU/mL prior to performing 131I or 123I whole-body scan (WBS) imaging in children with thyroid cancer in the post-thyroidectomy period or after hormone discontinuation. METHODS: Retrospective study of patients aged 5-19 years who underwent WBS. Patient data collection included type and duration of withdrawal (liothyronine [L-T3], levothyroxine [L-T4], or post-thyroidectomy status without hormonal replacement) and TSH measured prior to WBS (level and timing)...
December 1, 2016: Hormone Research in Pædiatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882039/pediatric-tooth-extractions-under-sedoanalgesia
#4
Ayse Hande Arpaci, Berrin Isik
OBJECTIVE: The present study aims to evaluate intravenous ketamine and inhalation sedation in children, their unwanted side-effects and surgeon satisfaction. METHODS: In this study, data of 922 children aged between 1-18 who underwent tooth extraction under sedoanalgesia in our department between September 2015-January 2016 were gathered and anesthesia approaches, unwanted side effects and surgical satisfaction was investigated. Postoperative recovery emergence agitation or delirium was evaluated with Watcha Behavior Scale (WBS)...
September 2016: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876405/lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-in-children-and-adolescents-with-williams-beuren-syndrome
#5
Z M Sammour, J de Bessa, M Hisano, H Bruschini, C A Kim, M Srougi, C M Gomes
INTRODUCTION: Williams-Beuren syndrome (WBS) is a genetic condition caused by a microscopic deletion in the chromosome band 7q11.23. Individuals with WBS may present with congenital cardiovascular defects, neurodevelopmental disturbances and structural abnormalities of the urinary tract. Lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) seem to be frequent in this population, but studies on this topic are scarce and based on small case series. OBJECTIVE: To systematically evaluate the prevalence of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) and the acquisition of bladder control in a large population with WBS...
November 2, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871606/a-novel-algorithm-for-spectral-interval-combination-optimization
#6
Xiangzhong Song, Yue Huang, Hong Yan, Yanmei Xiong, Shungeng Min
In this study, a new wavelength interval selection algorithm named as interval combination optimization (ICO) was proposed under the framework of model population analysis (MPA). In this method, the full spectra are divided into a fixed number of equal-width intervals firstly. Then the optimal interval combination is searched iteratively under the guide of MPA in a soft shrinkage manner, among which weighted bootstrap sampling (WBS) is employed as random sampling method. Finally, local search is conducted to optimize the widths of selected intervals...
December 15, 2016: Analytica Chimica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860135/joint-lavage-followed-by-viscosupplementation-and-triamcinolone-in-patients-with-severe-haemophilic-arthropathy-objective-functional-results
#7
M U Rezende, F R Andrusaitis, R T Silva, E Okazaki, J D A Carneiro, G C Campos, A F Pailo, R Frucchi, T Pasqualin, P R Villaça
INTRODUCTION: Viscosupplementation can improve function in haemophilia patients. Viscosupplementation results can be improved by prior joint lavage and triamcinolone administration. AIM: To objectively assess whether viscosupplementation and associated triamcinolone use in patients with severe haemophilic arthropathy following joint lavage improves force and balance and reduces bleeding events. METHODS: Fourteen patients with haemophilic knee arthritis with and without the involvement of other joints underwent joint lavage and subsequent injections of Hylan G-F20 and triamcinolone into all affected joints...
November 16, 2016: Haemophilia: the Official Journal of the World Federation of Hemophilia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847713/effect-of-intra-articular-hyaluronic-acid-injection-on-hemiplegic-shoulder-pain-after-stroke
#8
Myung Hun Jang, Chang-Hyung Lee, Yong-Il Shin, Soo-Yeon Kim, Sung Chul Huh
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of intra-articular hyaluronic acid (IAHA) injection for hemiplegic shoulder pain (HSP) after stroke. METHODS: Thirty-one patients with HSP and limited range of motion (ROM) without spasticity of upper extremity were recruited. All subjects were randomly allocated to group A (n=15) for three weekly IAHA injection or group B (n=16) for a single intra-articular steroid (IAS) injection. All injections were administered by an expert physician until the 8th week using a posterior ultrasonography-guided approach...
October 2016: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824959/risk-factors-and-stratification-for-recurrence-of-patients-with-differentiated-thyroid-cancer-elevated-thyroglobulin-and-negative-i-131-whole-body-scan-by-restaging-18-f-fdg-pet-ct
#9
Kursat Okuyucu, Semra Ince, Engin Alagoz, Ozdes Emer, Huseyin San, Elif Balkan, Aslı Ayan, Coskun Meric, Cem Haymana, Cengizhan Acıkel, Bengul Gunalp, Alper Ozgur Karacalioglu, Nuri Arslan
OBJECTIVE: In nearly 20%-30% of patients with differentiated thyroid carcinoma (DTC) relapse and 7% of them die during the next 10 years after initial diagnosis. In 10%-30% of patients with DTC after ablation therapy during the follow-up show a negative iodine-131 ((131)I) whole-body screening test ((131)I WBS) and increased serum thyroglobulin (Tg) level. Loss of ability of DTC metastatic lesions to trap (131)I is associated with pure survival and often aggressive disease. Several studies have shown that in DTC cases non trapping (131)I, fluorine-18-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography ((18)F-FDG PET) can detect recurrence or metastases with high sensitivity (80%-90%)...
November 8, 2016: Hellenic Journal of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27782619/first-principles-based-simulation-of-interlayer-water-and-alkali-metal-ions-in-weathered-biotite
#10
Takashi Ikeda
We performed first-principles-based simulations of weathered biotites (WBs) including alkali metal ions to investigate the adsorption states of interlayer cations and the cation/water distribution in their interlayer. Our simulations suggest that the inclusion of Fe(3+) ions in octahedral sheets of WBs alters significantly the vibrational states, the adsorption states of alkali ions, and the cation/water distribution in our WBs. The Al-O bond cleavage suggested to occur in Fe(3+)-rich regions of WBs upon the H2O adsorption on Al(3+) in tetrahedral sheets enhances greatly the dipole moment of adsorbed H2O molecules, thus enhancing the preference for aggregating inner-sphere complexes of heavy alkali ions particularly Cs(+)...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771473/williams-syndrome-and-mature-b-leukemia-a-random-association
#11
Valentina Decimi, Grazia Fazio, Fabiola Dell'Acqua, Silvia Maitz, Marta Galbiati, Carmelo Rizzari, Andrea Biondi, Giovanni Cazzaniga, Angelo Selicorni
Williams syndrome (WBS) is a rare neurodevelopmental disorder with specific phenotypic characteristics and cardiac abnormalities, but is not considered as a cancer predisposing condition. However, in rare cases, malignancies have been described in patients with WBS, with hematologic cancer (mainly Burkitt Lymphoma and Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia) as the most represented. We report here the case of a boy with WS and B-NHL. This is the unique case within the large cohort of patients (n = 117) followed in our institution for long time (mean clinical follow-up, 13 years)...
December 2016: European Journal of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27739142/lidocaine-pretreatment-reduces-the-discomfort-of-intranasal-midazolam-administration-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial
#12
David Smith, High Cheek, Brenda Denson, Christopher M Pruitt
OBJECTIVE: Intranasal (IN) midazolam is a commonly prescribed medication for pediatric sedation and anxiolysis. One of its most frequently-encountered adverse effects is discomfort with administration. While it has been proposed that premedicating with lidocaine reduces this undesirable consequence, this combination has not been thoroughly researched. The objective of our study was to assess whether topical lidocaine lessens the discomfort associated with IN midazolam administration. METHODS: This was a double-blinded, randomized, placebo-controlled trial performed in an urban, academic pediatric emergency department...
October 14, 2016: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27623139/variability-of-serum-thyroglobulin-levels-in-post-thyroidectomy-patients-with-well-differentiated-thyroid-cancer-the-ata-guidelines
#13
Frieda Silva, Ralph J Martin, Jannette Figueroa, Fernando Rincón, Diego Román
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the variability of stimulated serum thyroglobulin (Tg) levels in post-thyroidectomy patients with well-differentiated thyroid cancer (WDTC) and determine the frequency of undetectable Tg in patients with evidence of functional thyroid tissue after a 131-I whole-body scan (WBS). METHODS: A retrospective record review of patients with WDTC referred to our clinic from 1990 to 2010. Demographic data, histology, staging, imaging studies, stimulated Tg values, and the presence if applicable of Tg antibodies (TgAb) were documented...
September 2016: Puerto Rico Health Sciences Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27617154/the-7q11-23-microduplication-syndrome-a-clinical-report-with-review-of-literature
#14
REVIEW
Elham Abbas, Devin M Cox, Teri Smith, Merlin G Butler
We report a 14-year-old adolescent girl with selective mutism (SM) and a 7q11.23 microduplication detected by chromosomal microarray (CMA) analysis and reviewed the literature from 18 published clinical reports. Our patient had specific phobias, SM, extreme anxiety, obesity, cutis marmorata, and a round appearing face with a short neck and over folded ears. We reviewed the published clinical, cognitive, behavioral, and cytogenetic findings grouped by speech and language delay, growth and development, craniofacial, clinical, and behavior and cognitive features due to the 7q11...
September 2016: Journal of Pediatric Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27613244/do-the-exome-a-case-of-williams-beuren-syndrome-with-severe-epilepsy-due-to-a-truncating-de-novo-variant-in-gabra1
#15
Bernt Popp, Regina Trollmann, Christian Büttner, Almuth Caliebe, Christian T Thiel, Ulrike Hüffmeier, André Reis, Christiane Zweier
Williams-Beuren syndrome (WBS) is a relatively common, clinically recognizable microdeletion syndrome. In most cases the typical heterozygous deletion of 1.5 Mb on chromosome 7q11.23 spanning about 26 genes can be identified. Also some larger or smaller atypical deletions have been reported and associated with additional or atypical phenotypic aspects. We report on an individual with typical WBS due to the common deletion and with refractory infantile spasms. Using trio-exome sequencing, we identified a de novo truncating variant c...
October 2016: European Journal of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27600708/treatment-access-and-survival-amongst-british-asians-with-pancreatic-cancer
#16
J Isherwood, D Bilku, M S Metcalfe, A R Dennison, G Garcea
INTRODUCTION: Despite increasingly mixed communities in large cities, there remains a paucity of absolute and comparative data concerning the treatment, access and survival of British Asians with pancreatic cancer. METHODS: A prospective database of 1038 patients with a diagnosis of pancreatic cancer from 2003 to 2012 was analysed. Asian/Asian British was defined as patients identifying themselves as originating from India, Bangladesh or Pakistan. RESULTS: No significant difference was observed in gender split for both Asian/Asian British and White British (AAB and WB)...
September 6, 2016: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27574996/hypercalcemia-in-patients-with-williams-beuren-syndrome
#17
Sampat Sindhar, Michael Lugo, Mark D Levin, Joshua R Danback, Benjamin D Brink, Eric Yu, Dennis J Dietzen, Amy L Clark, Carolyn A Purgert, Jessica L Waxler, Robert W Elder, Barbara R Pober, Beth A Kozel
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the timing, trajectory, and implications of hypercalcemia in Williams-Beuren syndrome (WBS) through a multicenter retrospective study. STUDY DESIGN: Data on plasma calcium levels from 232 subjects with WBS aged 0-67.1 years were compared with that in controls and also with available normative data. Association testing was used to identify relevant comorbidities. RESULTS: On average, individuals with WBS had higher plasma calcium levels than controls, but 86...
November 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27572060/transaxillary-robotic-modified-radical-neck-dissection-a-5-year-assessment-of-operative-and-oncologic-outcomes
#18
Min Jhi Kim, Jandee Lee, Seul Gi Lee, Jung Bum Choi, Tae Hyung Kim, Eun Jeong Ban, Cho Rok Lee, Sang-Wook Kang, Jong Ju Jeong, Kee-Hyun Nam, Young Suk Jo, Woong Youn Chung
BACKGROUND: Robotic modified radical neck dissection (MRND) using a gasless transaxillary approach has been reported to be a safe and meticulous technique in patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) and lateral neck node metastasis (N1b). Few studies, however, have attempted to assess the long-term oncologic outcomes of robotic MRND in these patients. This study aimed to compare perioperative and 5-year oncologic outcomes of robotic MRND with conventional open procedures in patients with N1b PTC...
August 29, 2016: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27555125/assessing-student-usage-perception-and-the-utility-of-a-web-based-simulation-in-a-third-year-medical-school-clerkship
#19
Eric M Wise, William R McIvor, Michael P Mangione
STUDY OBJECTIVE: The goals of this study were to assess students' usage data of Web-based simulation (WBS), to determine if it can fill gaps in clinical experience-based medical education, and to determine students' perceived value of this kind of simulation during a clinical clerkship. DESIGN: Observational/prospective cohort. SETTING: Medical school affiliated with a large academic hospital. SUBJECTS: A total od 138 medical students...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27525043/genome-wide-array-cgh-and-qpcr-analysis-for-the-identification-of-genome-defects-in-williams-syndrome-patients-in-saudi-arabia
#20
I R Hussein, A Magbooli, E Huwait, A Chaudhary, R Bader, M Gari, F Ashgan, M Alquaiti, A Abuzenadah, M AlQahtani
BACKGROUND: Williams-Beuren Syndrome (WBS) is a rare neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by dysmorphic features, cardiovascular defects, cognitive deficits and developmental delay. WBS is caused by a segmental aneuploidy of chromosome 7 due to heterozygous deletion of contiguous genes at the long arm of chromosome 7q11.23. We aimed to apply array-CGH technique for the detection of copy number variants in suspected WBS patients and to determine the size of the deleted segment at chromosome 7q11...
2016: Molecular Cytogenetics
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