Read by QxMD icon Read


Christine E Birdwell, Kanchanjunga Prasai, Samantha Dykes, Yali Jia, Tawsha G C Munroe, Malgorzata Bienkowska-Haba, Rona S Scott
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-associated carcinomas, such as nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC), exhibit an undifferentiated and metastatic phenotype. To determine viral contributions involved in the invasive phenotype of EBV-associated carcinomas, EBV-infected human telomerase-immortalized normal oral keratinocytes (NOK) were investigated. EBV-infected NOK were previously shown to undergo epigenetic reprogramming involving CpG island hypermethylation and delayed responsiveness to differentiation. Here, we show that EBV-infected NOK acquired an invasive phenotype that was epigenetically retained after viral loss...
February 13, 2018: Oncotarget
Zhenzhen Chen, Yanfeng Gao, Lintong Yao, Yating Liu, Lan Huang, Zhongyi Yan, Wenshan Zhao, Pingping Zhu, Haibo Weng
Liver tumor-initiating cells (TICs), the drivers for liver tumorigenesis, accounts for liver tumor initiation, metastasis, drug resistance and relapse. Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway emerges as a critical modulator in liver TIC self-renewal. However, the molecular mechanism of Wnt/β-catenin initiation in liver tumorigenesis and liver TICs is still elusive. Here, we examined the expression pattern of 10 Wnt receptors (FZD1-FZD10), and found only FZD6 is overexpressed along with liver tumorigenesis. What's more, a divergent lncRNA of FZD6, termed lncFZD6, is also highly expressed in liver cancer and liver TICs...
March 14, 2018: Oncogene
Ailiang Zeng, Jianxing Yin, Yan Li, Rui Li, Zheng Wang, Xu Zhou, Xin Jin, Feng Shen, Wei Yan, Yongping You
Therapeutic application of microRNAs (miRNAs) in Wnt-driven glioma has been valuable; however, their specific roles and mechanisms have not been completely investigated. Real-time quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR) was used to analyse the expression of microRNA-129-5p (miR-129-5p) in human glioma samples. Cell-Counting Kit 8 (CCK-8), flow cytometry, EdU, angiogenesis, Transwell invasion, wound healing, in vitro 3D migration and neurosphere formation assays were employed to assess the role of miR-129-5p in glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) cells...
March 12, 2018: Cell Death & Disease
Clarence T Sasaki, Sotirios G Doukas, Dimitra P Vageli
PURPOSE: Bile-containing gastroesophageal reflux may promote cancer at extraesophageal sites. Acidic bile can accelerate NF-κB activation and molecular events, linked to premalignant changes in murine hypopharyngeal mucosa (HM). We hypothesize that short-term in vivo topical application of NF-κB inhibitor BAY 11-7082 can prevent acidic bile-induced early preneoplastic molecular events, suggesting its potential role in disease prevention. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: We topically exposed HM (C57Bl/6j wild-type) to a mixture of bile acids at pH 3...
March 9, 2018: Neoplasia: An International Journal for Oncology Research
Atika Resti Fitri, Prasit Pavasant, Supakarn Chamni, Piyamas Sumrejkanchanakij
BACKGROUND: Asiaticoside is a compound isolated from Herb Centella asiatica, which has been shown to promote osteogenic differentiation of human periodontal ligament (hPDL) cells. This study investigated the molecular mechanism underlying the asiaticoside-induced osteogenic differentiation of hPDL cells. METHODS: hPDL cells were incubated with various concentrations of asiaticoside to test cell viability by MTT assay. The mRNA expression levels were analyzed by using quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR)...
February 22, 2018: Journal of Periodontology
Chao Qi, Yuanlei Chen, Yixuan Zhou, Xucheng Huang, Guoli Li, Jin Zeng, Zhi Ruan, Xinyou Xie, Jun Zhang
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is considered the world's fourth most deadly cancer. Its metastasis is associated with poor prognosis and weakens the effects of treatment. However, the potential molecular mechanisms and key genes involved in CRC metastasis have remained to be comprehensively elucidated. The objective of the present study was to identify the key genes and molecular pathways underlying CRC metastasis. Differentially expressed genes (DEGs) between primary CRC tissues and metastatic CRC were identified by analyzing the GSE2509 dataset from the Gene Expression Omnibus database...
March 8, 2018: Oncology Reports
Zong-Kang Zhang, Jie Li, Daogang Guan, Chao Liang, Zhenjian Zhuo, Jin Liu, Aiping Lu, Ge Zhang, Bao-Ting Zhang
BACKGROUND: Skeletal muscle atrophy induced by either aging (sarcopenia) or mechanical unloading is associated with serious health consequences. Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are implicated as important regulators in numerous physiological and pathological processes. METHODS: Microarray analysis was performed to identify the differentially expressed lncRNAs in skeletal muscle between adult and aged mice. The most decreased lncRNA in aged skeletal muscle was identified...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle
Xiaoshan Wu, Lei Hu, Yan Li, Yang Li, Fu Wang, Ping Ma, Jinsong Wang, Chunmei Zhang, Canhua Jiang, Songlin Wang
The tooth root transmits and balances occlusal forces through the periodontium to the alveolar bone. The periodontium, including the gingiva, the periodontal ligament, the cementum and the partial alveolar bone, derives from the dental follicle (DF), except for the gingiva. In the early developmental stages, the DF surrounds the tooth germ as a sphere and functions to promote tooth eruption. However, the morphological dynamics and factors regulating the differentiation of the DF during root elongation remain largely unknown...
2018: International Journal of Medical Sciences
Toshio Takahashi, Akira Shiraishi, Jun Murata
Cholinergic signaling, which modulates cell activities via nicotinic and muscarinic acetylcholine receptors (n- and mAChRs) in response to internal or external stimuli, has been demonstrated in mammalian non-neuronal cells that synthesize acetylcholine (ACh). One of the major pathways of excitatory transmission in the enteric nervous system (ENS) is mediated by cholinergic transmission, with the transmitter ACh producing excitatory potentials in postsynaptic effector cells. In addition to ACh-synthesizing and ACh-metabolizing elements in the ENS, the presence of non-neuronal ACh machinery has been reported in epithelial cells of the small and large intestines of rats and humans...
March 5, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Xuewen Wei, JuanJuan Gong, Juyun Ma, Taiyu Zhang, Yihang Li, Ting Lan, Peng Guo, Suhua Qi
It is well known that Wnt5a activation plays a pivotal role in brain injury and β-arrestin2 induces c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK3) activation is involved in neuronal cell death. Nonetheless, the relationship between Wnt5 and JNK3 remains unexplored during cerebral ischemia/reperfusion (I/R). In the present study, we tested the hypothesis that Wnt5a-mediated JNK3 activation via the Wnt5a- Dvl-1-β-arrestin2-JNK3 signaling pathway was correlated with I/R brain injury. We found that cerebral I/R could enhance the assembly of the Dvl-1-β-arrestin2-JNK3 signaling module, Dvl-1 phosphorylation and JNK3 activation...
March 3, 2018: Neuropharmacology
Hsiu-Kuan Lin, Hsi-Hui Lin, Yu-Wei Chiou, Ching-Lung Wu, Wen-Tai Chiu, Ming-Jer Tang
Caveolin-1 (Cav1) is down-regulated during MK4 (MDCK cells harbouring inducible Ha-RasV12 gene) transformation by Ha-RasV12 . Cav1 overexpression abrogates the Ha-RasV12 -driven transformation of MK4 cells; however, the targeted down-regulation of Cav1 is not sufficient to mimic this transformation. Cav1-silenced cells, including MK4/shCav1 cells and MDCK/shCav1 cells, showed an increased cell area and discontinuous junction-related proteins staining. Cellular and mechanical transformations were completed when MDCK/shCav1 cells were treated with medium conditioned by MK4 cells treated with IPTG (MK4+I-CM) but not with medium conditioned by MK4 cells...
March 4, 2018: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
Nicolas Aznar, Jason Ear, Ying Dunkel, Nina Sun, Kendall Satterfield, Fang He, Nicholas A Kalogriopoulos, Inmaculada Lopez-Sanchez, Majid Ghassemian, Debashis Sahoo, Irina Kufareva, Pradipta Ghosh
Cellular proliferation, differentiation, and morphogenesis are shaped by multiple signaling cascades, and their dysregulation plays an integral role in cancer progression. Three cascades that contribute to oncogenic potential are those mediated by Wnt proteins and the receptor Frizzled (FZD), growth factor receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs), and heterotrimeric G proteins and associated GPCRs. Daple is a guanine nucleotide exchange factor (GEF) for the G protein Gαi Daple also binds to FZD and the Wnt/FZD mediator Dishevelled (Dvl), and it enhances β-catenin-independent Wnt signaling in response to Wnt5a-FZD7 signaling...
February 27, 2018: Science Signaling
Ian Ackers, Candice Szymanski, K Jordan Duckett, Leslie A Consitt, Mitchell J Silver, Ramiro Malgor
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Wnt5a is a highly studied member of the Wnt family and recently has been implicated in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis, but its precise role is unknown. Foam cell development is a critical process to atherosclerotic plaque formation. In the present study, we investigated the role of noncanonical Wnt5a signaling in the development of foam cells. METHODS: Human carotid atherosclerotic tissue and THP-1-derived macrophages were used to investigate the contribution of Wnt5a signaling in the formation of foam cells...
February 20, 2018: Cardiovascular Pathology: the Official Journal of the Society for Cardiovascular Pathology
Josué Curto, Beatriz Del Valle-Pérez, Aida Villarroel, Guillem Fuertes, Meritxell Vinyoles, Raúl Peña, Antonio García de Herreros, Mireia Duñach
Canonical and non-canonical Wnt pathways share some common elements but differ in the responses they evoke. Similar to Wnt ligands acting through the canonical pathway, Wnts that activate the non-canonical signaling, such as Wnt5a, promote Disheveled (Dvl) phosphorylation and its binding to the Frizzled (Fz) Wnt receptor complex. The protein kinase CK1ε is required for Dvl/Fz association in both canonical and non-canonical signaling. Here we show that differently to its binding to canonical Wnt receptor complex, CK1ε does not require p120-catenin for the association with the Wnt5a co-receptor Ror2...
February 21, 2018: Molecular Oncology
Dimitra P Vageli, Sotirios G Doukas, Clarence T Sasaki
Bile-containing gastro-duodenal reflux has been clinically considered an independent risk factor in hypopharyngeal carcinogenesis. We recently showed that the chronic effect of acidic bile, at pH 4.0, selectively induces NF- κ B activation and accelerates the transcriptional levels of genes, linked to head and neck cancer, in normal hypopharyngeal epithelial cells. Here, we hypothesize that NF- κ B inhibition is capable of preventing the acidic bile-induced and cancer-related mRNA phenotype, in treated normal human hypopharyngeal cells...
January 19, 2018: Oncotarget
Cunxue Zhang, Peili Yang, Yan Chen, Jing Liu, Xiutai Yuan
The aim of the present study was to detect DACT1 expression levels in the lungs of children with asthma, and to investigate its role and molecular mechanisms in regulating the expression of inflammatory factors in RAW264.7 cells. DACT1, DACT2 and DACT3 expression was analyzed in biopsy specimens from 10 cases of newly diagnosed children with asthma and 10 healthy controls by reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction, and their expression was confirmed in RAW264.7 cells. DACT1 expression was silenced by small interfering RNA or enhanced by transfection of pcDNA-3...
March 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Peng Zhang, Chunxiao Hu, Yongyong Li, Ying Wang, Lei Gao, Kai Lu, Guanglei Chang, Yong Li, Shu Qin, Dongying Zhang
The Wnt/JNK pathway, responsible for tissue polarity in cardiogenesis in vertebrates, has been shown to play numerous roles during differentiation and development of cardiac myocytes. Van Gogh-like-2 (Vangl2) is a core component that regulates the induction of polarized cellular and tissue morphology during animal development. However, little is known about Wnt/JNK signaling pathway in the process of myocardial remodeling. In present study, we found that activation of Wnt/JNK signaling by Wnt5a stimulates enlargement of cardiomyocyte surface area...
February 15, 2018: Experimental Cell Research
Oksana Voloshanenko, Uwe Schwartz, Dominique Kranz, Benedikt Rauscher, Michael Linnebacher, Iris Augustin, Michael Boutros
Wnt signaling is an evolutionarily conserved signaling route required for development and homeostasis. While canonical, β-catenin-dependent Wnt signaling is well studied and has been linked to many forms of cancer, much less is known about the role of non-canonical, β-catenin-independent Wnt signaling. Here, we aimed at identifying a β-catenin-independent Wnt target gene signature in order to understand the functional significance of non-canonical signaling in colon cancer cells. Gene expression profiling was performed after silencing of key components of Wnt signaling pathway and an iterative signature algorithm was applied to predict pathway-dependent gene signatures...
February 16, 2018: Scientific Reports
Udit Singhal, Yugang Wang, James Henderson, Yashar S Niknafs, Yuanyuan Qiao, Amy Gursky, Alexander Zaslavsky, Jae-Seung Chung, David C Smith, R Jeffrey Karnes, S Laura Chang, Felix Y Feng, Ganesh S Palapattu, Russell S Taichman, Arul M Chinnaiyan, Scott A Tomlins, Todd M Morgan
The trend towards precision-based therapeutic approaches dictated by molecular alterations offers substantial promise for men with metastatic castration resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC). However, current approaches for molecular characterization are primarily tissue based, necessitating serial biopsies to understand changes over time and are limited by the challenges inherent to extracting genomic material from predominantly bone metastases. Therefore, a circulating tumor cell (CTC)-based assay was developed to determine gene expression across a panel of clinically relevant and potentially actionable prostate cancer related genes...
February 16, 2018: Molecular Cancer Research: MCR
Jingyuan Wang, Xuemei Wang, Fengjun Liu, Yuguang Fu
Colorectal cancer is one of the most commonly diagnosed cancers. Recently, several microRNAs (miRNAs) have been characterized as oncogenes or tumor suppressors in colorectal cancer. This study was aimed to explore the tumor suppressive effects and its underling mechanism of miR-335 on colorectal cancer cells. Human colorectal cancer HCT116 cells were employed and the expression of miR-335 in cells was altered by transfection with miR-335 mimic and miR-335 inhibitor. Thereafter, CCK-8 assay, flow cytometry, Transwell assay and Western blotting were used to detect cell viability, apoptosis, migration, invasion, and the expression of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT)-related proteins...
August 1, 2017: Die Pharmazie
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"