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Corpus cavernosum

Pieter Uvin, Maarten Albersen, Ine Bollen, Maarten Falter, Emmanuel Weyne, Loes Linsen, Hanna Tinel, Peter Sandner, Trinity J Bivalacqua, Dirk Jmk De Ridder, Frank Van der Aa, Bert Brône, Koenraad Van Renterghem
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the expression of the Rho/Rho associated protein kinase (ROCK) pathway in corpus cavernosum of patients with severe erectile dysfunction (ED) compared to healthy human corpus cavernosum, and to test the functional effects of two Rho Kinase Inhibitors (RKI) on erectile tissue of patients with severe ED, not responding to phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitors (PDE5-i). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Human corpus cavernosum samples were obtained after consent from individuals undergoing penile prosthesis implantation (n = 7 for organ bath experiments, n = 17 for qPCR)...
October 20, 2016: BJU International
Zeki Bayraktar, Selami Albayrak
Although penile fracture is a rare case, it is a well-described urologic emergency. It results from the rupture of the tunica albuginea of corpora cavernosa by blunt strain that commonly mandates immediate surgical exploration. Urethral injury may also accompany penile fracture. An ideal anamnesis and a special physical examination were determinant to achieve a correct diagnosis. It is usually diagnosed based on clinical examination, but ultrasonography can be very helpful in diagnosis. The treatment is based on the presence of associated urethral injury...
October 5, 2016: Archivio Italiano di Urologia, Andrologia
Feng Pan, Jinwei You, Yuan Liu, Xuefeng Qiu, Wen Yu, Jiehua Ma, Lianjun Pan, Aixia Zhang, Qipeng Zhang
To better understand the molecular aetiology of type 2 diabetes mellitus-associated erectile dysfunction (T2DMED) and to provide candidates for further study of its diagnosis and treatment, this study was designed to investigate differentially expressed microRNAs (miRNAs) in the corpus cavernosum (CC) of mice with T2DMED using GeneChip array techniques (Affymetrix miRNA 4.0 Array) and to predict target genes and signalling pathways regulated by these miRNAs based on bioinformatic analysis using TargetScan, the DAIAN web platform and DAVID...
September 28, 2016: Molecular Genetics and Genomics: MGG
Kai Cui, Yang Luan, Tao Wang, Li Zhuan, Ke Rao, Shao-Gang Wang, Zhang-Qun Ye, Ji-Hong Liu, Dao-Wen Wang
Our previous studies have demonstrated that erectile function was preserved in aged transgenic rats (TGR) harboring the human tissue kallikrein 1 (hKLK1), while the molecular level of hKLK1 on corporal fibrosis to inhibit age-related erectile dysfunction (ED) is poorly understood. Male wild-type Sprague-Dawley rats (WTR) and TGR harboring the hKLK1 gene were fed to 4- or 18-month-old and divided into three groups: young WTR (yWTR) as the control, aged WTR (aWTR), and aged TGR (aTGR). Erectile function of all rats was assessed by cavernous nerve electrostimulation method...
September 27, 2016: Asian Journal of Andrology
Lucio Dell'Atti
PURPOSE: In this prospective study, we studied the role of ultrasonography (US) in the diagnosis and management of penile trauma. METHODS: Between 2007 and 2014, 14 patients (mean age 39 years) with suspected penile fracture underwent US examinations. Almost all patients had a history of injury during sexual intercourse or manipulation of the penis. US examinations were performed in transversal and longitudinal planes starting at the level of the glans and moving down to the base of the penis...
September 2016: Journal of Ultrasound
Petros V Vlastarakos, Thomas P Nikolopoulos
BACKGROUND: Phosphodiesterase-5 (PDE-5) inhibitors enhance penile erection and have gained popularity not only for erectile dysfunction, but also in recreational settings. Nevertheless, adverse effects have been associated with their use, with nasal bleeding among them. PDE-5 inhibitor action is materialized through the inhibition of the cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP) enzyme. cGMP is present at several sites of the human body in addition to the corpus cavernosum, leading to the adverse effects associated with its nonselective inhibition...
September 10, 2016: Journal of Emergency Medicine
Xiaoming Wang, Yubo Yang, Jinhong Li, Yunjin Bai, Yin Tang, Ping Han
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether the exposure to PM2.5 in rats model can impair erectile function and the possible mechanism. METHODS: Sprague Dawley rats were distributed into 4 groups: (n = 9 each): controls and 3 different PM2.5 exposure levels.Rats were exposed to PM2.5 (0.0 (saline control), 0.8, 1.6, and 3.2 mg/rat ). After exposure period, the ratio of maximum intracavernosal pressure/mean arterial pressure (ICPmax/MAP), molecular-biological indicators in corpus cavernosum tissue and plasma, and the pathological changes of the lung tissue and penile tissue were detected and compared between control group and 3 exposure groups...
September 1, 2016: Urology
Gülru Kayık, Nurcan Ş Tüzün, Serdar Durdagi
Cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase enzymes (PDEs) have functions in regulating the levels of intracellular second messengers, 3', 5'-cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) and 3', 5'-cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP), via hydrolysis and decomposing mechanisms in cells. They take essential roles in modulating various cellular activities such as memory and smooth muscle functions. PDE type 5 (PDE5) inhibitors enhance the vasodilatory effects of cGMP in the corpus cavernosum and they are used to treat erectile dysfunction...
October 6, 2016: Journal of Biomolecular Structure & Dynamics
E Onal, D Yilmaz, E Kaya, T Bastaskın, N Bayatlı, S Gur
Erectile dysfunction (ED) is associated with diabetes mellitus (DM). Pomegranate juice (PJ) is a potent antioxidant in diabetes induced oxidative stress. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether the administration of PJ ameliorates ED in streptozotocin (STZ)-diabetic rat model. Adult male Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into three groups (n=10-12, each): (1) Control, (2) STZ (25-35 mg kg(-1), intravenously, 10 weeks) induced DM, and (3) PJ (100 mg kg(-1) day(-1), 10 weeks) treated DM rats. The in vivo erectile [a ratio of intracavernosal pressure (ICP)/mean arterial pressure (MAP)] and ex vivo corpus cavernosum (CC) responses were evaluated...
September 1, 2016: International Journal of Impotence Research
Y Hu, X Niu, G Wang, J Huang, M Liu, B Peng
Chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CP/CPPS) is an independent risk factor for the development of erectile dysfunction (ED). But the molecular mechanisms underlying the relationship between CP/CPPS and ED are still unclear. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of CP/CPPS on erectile function in a rat model and the possible mechanisms. A rat model of experimental autoimmune prostatitis (EAP) was established to mimic human CP⁄CPPS. Then twenty 2-month-old male Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into EAP group and control group...
August 27, 2016: Andrology
F N Facio, M F Facio, L F Spessoto, D Pessutti, L O Reis, S G Campos, S Taboga
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of the anti-inflammatory and anti-fibrotic actions of ANX1 on erectile function (EF). Forty-eight male Wistar rats were randomly distributed into four equal groups: one group (sham operation-control) and three groups (bilateral cavernous nerve (CN) crush injury). Crush injury groups were treated prior to injury with an intravascular injection of either ANX1 (50 or 100 μg kg(-1)) or vehicle. EF was assessed by CN electrical stimulation at 2 and 7 days after CN injury with histomorphometric and immunohistochemical analysis...
August 25, 2016: International Journal of Impotence Research
Yang Luan, Yajun Ruan, Tao Wang, Li Zhuan, Zheng Wen, Ruibao Chen, Yan Zhang, Kai Cui, Jun Yang, Shaogang Wang, Jihong Liu, Zhangqun Ye, Daowen Wang
INTRODUCTION: Human tissue kallikrein 1 (hKLK1) has enormous potential for the protection of vasodilation and endothelial function in the cardiovascular system. Our previous study proved the decreased expression of kallikrein 1 in the corpus cavernosum (CC) of aged rats, but the role of kallikrein 1 in age-related erectile dysfunction remains unknown. AIM: To explore the effect and underlying mechanisms of hKLK1 on age-related erectile dysfunction. METHODS: Male wild-type Sprague-Dawley rats (WTR) and transgenic rats harboring the hKLK1 gene (TGR) were fed to 4 and 27 months of age, respectively, and divided into four groups: young WTR (yWTR) as the control, young TGR (yTGR), aged WTR (aWTR), and aged TGR (aTGR)...
September 2016: Journal of Sexual Medicine
Fábio H Silva, Serkan Karakus, Biljana Musicki, Hotaka Matsui, Trinity J Bivalacqua, Jean L Dos Santos, Fernando F Costa, Arthur L Burnett
Patients with sickle cell disease (SCD) display priapism, and dysregulated nitric oxide (NO) pathway may contribute to this condition. However, current therapies offered for the prevention of priapism in SCD are few. The 3-(1,3-dioxoisoindolin-2-yl)benzyl nitrate (compound 4C) was synthesized through molecular hybridization of hydroxyurea and thalidomide, which displays an NO-donor property. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of compound 4C on functional and molecular alterations of erectile function in murine models that display low NO bioavailability, SCD transgenic mice, and endothelial NO synthase and neuronal NO synthase double gene-deficient (dNOS(-/)) mice, focusing on the dysregulated NO-cGMP- phosphodiesterase type 5 (PDE5) pathway and oxidative stress in erectile tissue...
November 2016: Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics
Y D Xu, R L Guan, Y Y Wu, H E Lei, B C Yang, H X Li, L Wang, Y L Guo, Z C Xin
OBJECTIVE: To study the feasibility of transplantation of normal rat penile corpus cavernosum and major pelvic ganglion (MPG) into the renal subserous region of a Nu/Nu mouse based on allograft technology. METHODS: Penile corpus cavernosum and MPG, harvested from Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats under sterile condition, were transplanted underneath the kidney capsule of Nu/Nu mice through the microsurgery instruments and surgery microscope. The histopathologic changes and cellular proliferation in the transplanted penile corpus cavernosum and MPG were then analyzed at the end of 1week and 4 weeks after transplantation...
February 18, 2016: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
Günay Yetik-Anacak, Aycan Dikmen, Ciro Coletta, Emma Mitidieri, Mehmet Dereli, Erminia Donnarumma, Roberta d'Emmanuele di Villa Bianca, Raffaella Sorrentino
Erectile dysfunction (ED) is considered as a marker for cardiovascular diseases. Nitric oxide (NO) deficiency is the major cause of erectile dysfunction (ED). The role of hydrogen sulfide (H2S) in erection has recently been recognized and is receiving attention as a pharmacological target. Several studies have focused on the effect of H2S on NO-dependent relaxation, but the role of NO on H2S in penile tissue has not been studied yet. Unlike NO, H2S is mainly synthesized from smooth muscle cells rather than endothelial cells...
August 10, 2016: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
Ozan Bozkurt, Aykut Kefi, Ömer Demir, Nergis Murat, Sedef Gidener, Ahmet Adil Esen
BACKGROUND/AIM: The aim of this study was to determine the effects of resveratrol on the alterations of cavernosal eNOS and LOX-1 mRNA expression in the hypercholesterolemic condition. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-one New Zealand white male rabbits were separated into three groups. Rabbits were fed with a normal dietary intake for the control group and a 2% cholesterol diet for the hypercholesterolemia and resveratrol groups for 6 weeks. Resveratrol 4 mg/kg daily was administered for the resveratrol group...
2016: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
J Vinay, J Sarquella, J Sanchez, F Algaba, I Gallegos, E Ruiz-Castañe, C Palma
OBJECTIVES: Animal models have shown that erectile dysfunction is associated with adipocyte accumulation under tunica albugínea, which could be involved in venous leakage and loss of penile rigidity. In the current sudy, we compared the histology of the penile sub-albuginean region of drug-refractory erectile dysfunction patients undergoing penile prosthesis implantation with potent patients with Peyronie's disease undergoing curvature correction procedures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventeen refractory erectile dysfunction patients and fourteen potent patients with Peyronie's disease were recruited...
August 2, 2016: Actas Urologicas Españolas
R Li, K Cui, T Wang, S G Wang, W M Yang, J H Liu, K Rao
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the expression of RhoA/Rho-kinase (ROCK) in penile corpus cavernosum smooth muscles in rats of hyperlipidemia-induced erectile dysfunction and its molecular mechanism. METHODS: Forty male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into control and experimental groups using a random number table. Rats in the control group (n=20) were fed with regular diet for 24 weeks and those in the experimental group (n=20) with high-fat diet for the same period of time...
July 12, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
Hung-Sheng Shang, Yi-No Wu, Chun-Hou Liao, Tzong-Shi Chiueh, Yuh-Feng Lin, Han-Sun Chiang
We investigated and evaluated the mechanisms of erectile dysfunction (ED) in a rat model of long-term ketamine administration.Adult male Sprague-Dawley rats (n = 32) were divided into four groups: namely the control group receiving intraperitoneal injection of saline, 1-month, 2-month and 3-month groups receiving daily intraperitoneal injection of ketamine (100 mg/kg/day) for 1, 2, and 3 month respectively. After treatment, animals underwent an erectile response protocol to assess intracavernosal pressure (ICP)...
July 20, 2016: Oncotarget
Xue-qin Chen, Ji-yi Xia, Bo Cheng, Rui Jiang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the expressions of sphingosine-1-phosphate receptors 1-3 (S1P1- 3) in the corpus cavernosum of castrated male rats and its relationship with the NOS/NO/cGMP and RhoA/Rho kinase signaling pathways. METHODS: We equally randomized 18 eight-week-old healthy male SD rats into a sham-operation control, a castration, and a testosterone replacement (TR) group and harvested the bilateral testes and epididymides from the rats in the latter two groups, followed by 4 weeks of subcutaneous injection of testosterone propionate at 3 mg per kilogram of the body weight per day for those in the TR group and that of plant oil for those in the control and castration groups...
May 2016: Zhonghua Nan Ke Xue, National Journal of Andrology
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