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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932599/the-role-of-digital-interventions-in-sexual-health
#1
EDITORIAL
Tom Nadarzynski, Leanne Morrison, Jake Bayley, Carrie Llewellyn
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 8, 2016: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924356/comparison-of-two-common-aeeg-classifications-for-the-prediction-of-neurodevelopmental-outcome-in-preterm-infants
#2
Nora Bruns, Frauke Dransfeld, Britta Hüning, Julia Hobrecht, Tobias Storbeck, Christel Weiss, Ursula Felderhoff-Müser, Hanna Müller
: Neurodevelopmental outcome after prematurity is crucial. The aim was to compare two amplitude-integrated EEG (aEEG) classifications (Hellström-Westas (HW), Burdjalov) for outcome prediction. We recruited 65 infants ≤32 weeks gestational age with aEEG recordings within the first 72 h of life and Bayley testing at 24 months corrected age or death. Statistical analyses were performed for each 24 h section to determine whether very immature/depressed or mature/developed patterns predict survival/neurological outcome and to find predictors for mental development index (MDI) and psychomotor development index (PDI) at 24 months corrected age...
December 6, 2016: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922237/the-comparison-of-general-movements-assessment-and-neurological-examination-during-early-infancy
#3
Büşra Kepenek-Varol, Mine Çalışkan, Zeynep İnce, Burak Tatlı, Emine Eraslan, Asuman Çoban
This prospective single-blinded study was performed to evaluate general movements (GMs) in group of high-risk, low-birth-weight and preterm infants and to compare results with neurologic examination. All infants' neurologic examinations, Gross Motor Function Measurement (GMFM) and Bayley-III Scale were performed at the corrected age of 12 months. A total of 22 infants were included. Eight infants (group-1) (mean: 31.6±3.29 weeks, range: 25-36 weeks) had normal GMs in all recordings and were ultimately evaluated as "normal"; 12 (group-2) (mean: 31...
2016: Turkish Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921445/risk-of-neonatal-and-childhood-morbidity-among-preterm-infants-exposed-to-marijuana
#4
Sarah K Dotters-Katz, Marcela C Smid, Tracy A Manuck, Torri D Metz
BACKGROUND: Limited data exist regarding the neonatal and neurodevelopmental outcomes of infants exposed to marijuana (MJ) in-utero, particularly among preterm infants. We hypothesized that MJ-exposed preterm infants would have worse neonatal and childhood developmental outcomes compared to MJ-unexposed infants. METHODS: Secondary analysis of multicenter randomized-controlled trial of antenatal magnesium sulfate for prevention of cerebral palsy was conducted. Singleton non-anomalous infants delivered <35 weeks exposed to MJ in-utero were compared to MJ-unexposed...
December 6, 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914273/quality-of-attachment-in-infants-less-than-1500g-or-less-than-32weeks-related-factors
#5
María López-Maestro, Purificación Sierra-Garcia, Celia Diaz-Gonzalez, Ma Jose Torres-Valdivieso, David Lora-Pablos, Susana Ares-Segura, Carmen R Pallás-Alonso
BACKGROUND: Prematurity carries a high risk of mortality and sequelae, altering the bonding process and leading to repercussions in terms of attachment. OBJECTIVE: To assess the type of attachment in children under 32weeks' gestational age (GA) or below 1500g, in hospitals where development-centred care has been implemented and to study the association between various types of attachment and certain neonatal and family characteristics. METHOD: Children <1500g or <32weeks GA who were born or admitted before 48h of life to one of two hospitals in Madrid between January and December 2012 were candidates for the study...
November 30, 2016: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898050/memory-consolidation-reconfigures-neural-pathways-involved-in-the-suppression-of-emotional-memories
#6
Yunzhe Liu, Wanjun Lin, Chao Liu, Yuejia Luo, Jianhui Wu, Peter J Bayley, Shaozheng Qin
The ability to suppress unwanted emotional memories is crucial for human mental health. Through consolidation over time, emotional memories often become resistant to change. However, how consolidation impacts the effectiveness of emotional memory suppression is still unknown. Using event-related fMRI while concurrently recording skin conductance, we investigated the neurobiological processes underlying the suppression of aversive memories before and after overnight consolidation. Here we report that consolidated aversive memories retain their emotional reactivity and become more resistant to suppression...
November 29, 2016: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885311/mediating-pathways-in-the-socio-economic-gradient-of-child-development-evidence-from-children-6-42-months-in-bogota
#7
Marta Rubio-Codina, Orazio Attanasio, Sally Grantham-McGregor
Research has previously shown a gap of near 0.5 of a standard deviation (SD) in cognition and language development between the top and bottom household wealth quartile in children aged 6-42 months in a large representative sample of low- and middle-income families in Bogota, using the Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development. The gaps in fine motor and socio-emotional development were about half that size. Developmental deficits increased with age. The current study explored the associations amongst child development, household socio-economic status (SES), and a set of potential mediating variables-parental characteristics, child biomedical factors, and the quality of the home environment-in this sample...
November 2016: International Journal of Behavioral Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883195/the-use-of-cardiac-orienting-responses-as-an-early-and-scalable-biomarker-of-alcohol-related-neurodevelopmental-impairment
#8
Diego A Mesa, Julie A Kable, Claire D Coles, Kenneth Lyons Jones, Lyubov Yevtushok, Yaroslav Kulikovsky, Wladimir Wertelecki, Todd P Coleman, Christina D Chambers
BACKGROUND: Considered the leading cause of developmental disabilities worldwide, fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) are a global health problem. To take advantage of neural plasticity, early identification of affected infants is critical. The cardiac orienting response (COR) has been shown to be sensitive to the effects of prenatal alcohol exposure and is an inexpensive, easy to administer assessment tool. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the COR effectiveness in assessing individual risk of developmental delay...
November 24, 2016: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882544/prospective-evaluation-of-the-ages-and-stages-questionnaire-3rd-edition-in-very-low-birthweight-infants
#9
Pratibha K Agarwal, Luming Shi, Lourdes M Daniel, Phey Hong Yang, Poh Choo Khoo, Bin Huey Quek, Qishi Zheng, Victor S Rajadurai
AIM: To evaluate the predictive and concurrent diagnostic agreement of the Ages and Stages Questionnaire 3rd Edition (ASQ-3) with the Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development 3rd Edition (Bayley-III) in infants born preterm and very-low-birthweight (PT/VLBW; ≤1250g). METHOD: We evaluated 141 PT/VLBW infants (68 males, 73 females) born at the KK Women's and Children's Hospital between January 2010 and December 2011, to determine predictive and concurrent diagnostic agreement between the ASQ-3 at 9, 12, 18, and 24 months corrected age and Bayley-III at 24 months...
November 24, 2016: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875541/new-perspective-on-impact-of-folic-acid-supplementation-during-pregnancy-on-neurodevelopment-autism-in-the-offspring-children-a-systematic-review
#10
Yunfei Gao, Chao Sheng, Ri-Hua Xie, Wen Sun, Elizabeth Asztalos, Diane Moddemann, Lonnie Zwaigenbaum, Mark Walker, Shi Wu Wen
It has been conclusively established that folic acid supplementation prior to and during early pregnancy (up to 12 weeks of gestation) can prevent neural tube defects (NTDs). We hypothesized that folate effects may extend from neuro-structural defects to alterations in neuro-behavioural and emotional skills including autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) and other developmental disorders. The objective of this review was to comprehensively evaluate evidence on the impact of folic acid on neurodevelopment other than NTDs...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865525/maternal-stress-modifies-the-effect-of-exposure-to-lead-during-pregnancy-and-24-month-old-children-s-neurodevelopment
#11
Marcela Tamayo Y Ortiz, Martha María Téllez-Rojo, Belem Trejo-Valdivia, Lourdes Schnaas, Erika Osorio-Valencia, Brent Coull, David Bellinger, Rosalind J Wright, Robert O Wright
BACKGROUND: Lead and psychosocial stress disrupt similar but not completely overlapping mechanisms. Exposure during the prenatal period to each of these insults singularly has been found to alter normal neurodevelopment; however, longitudinal associations with stress modifying the effect of lead have not been sufficiently analyzed in epidemiologic studies. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate prenatal stress as an effect modifier of gestational lead neurotoxicity. METHODS: We used a structural equations modeling approach with a trivariate response to evaluate cognitive, language and motor scores of the Bayley Scales of Infant Development-III in 24month-old children (n=360)...
November 16, 2016: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862979/cerebral-tissue-oxygenation-index-and-lactate-at-24-hours-postoperative-predict-survival-and-neurodevelopmental-outcome-after-neonatal-cardiac-surgery
#12
Safwat A Aly, David Zurakowski, Penny Glass, Kami Skurow-Todd, Richard A Jonas, Mary T Donofrio
IMPORTANCE: There are no well-established noninvasive biomarkers for identifying patients at risk for poor outcome after surgery for congenital heart disease. Few studies have assessed prognostic accuracy of cerebral tissue oxygenation index (cTOI) measured by near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS). OBJECTIVE: To assess the utility of noninvasive NIRS monitoring as a predictor of outcomes after neonatal cardiac surgery through measurement of cTOI. To examine the utility of noninvasive NIRS monitoring in combination with lactate concentration and inotropic score in prediction of outcomes after neonatal cardiac surgery...
November 10, 2016: Congenital Heart Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862266/the-early-postnatal-nutritional-intake-of-preterm-infants-affected-neurodevelopmental-outcomes-differently-in-boys-and-girls-at-24-months
#13
Viola Christmann, Nel Roeleveld, Reina Visser, Anjo J W M Janssen, Jolanda J C M Reuser, Johannes B van Goudoever, Arno F J van Heijst
AIM: his study assessed whether increased amino acid and energy intake in preterm infants during the first week of life was associated with improved neurodevelopment at the corrected age (CA) of 24 months. METHODS: We evaluated preterm infants from two consecutive cohorts in 2004 (Cohort 1) and 2005 (Cohort 2) with different nutritional intakes in The Netherlands. Nutritional intake and growth was recorded until week five and after discharge. Neurodevelopment was determined using the Bayley Scales of Infant Development - Second Edition at a CA of 24 months...
November 12, 2016: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857127/consensus-statement-on-next-generation-sequencing-based-diagnostic-testing-of-hereditary-phaeochromocytomas-and-paragangliomas
#14
Rodrigo A Toledo, Nelly Burnichon, Alberto Cascon, Diana E Benn, Jean-Pierre Bayley, Jenny Welander, Carli M Tops, Helen Firth, Trish Dwight, Tonino Ercolino, Massimo Mannelli, Giuseppe Opocher, Roderick Clifton-Bligh, Oliver Gimm, Eamonn R Maher, Mercedes Robledo, Anne-Paule Gimenez-Roqueplo, Patricia L M Dahia
Phaeochromocytomas and paragangliomas (PPGLs) are neural-crest-derived tumours of the sympathetic or parasympathetic nervous system that are often inherited and are genetically heterogeneous. Genetic testing is recommended for patients with these tumours and for family members of patients with hereditary forms of PPGLs. Due to the large number of susceptibility genes implicated in the diagnosis of inherited PPGLs, next-generation sequencing (NGS) technology is ideally suited for carrying out genetic screening of these individuals...
November 18, 2016: Nature Reviews. Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856264/glenohumeral-arthrodesis-for-recurrent-types-ii-and-iii-shoulder-instability
#15
Tanujan Thangarajah, Deborah Higgs, J Ian L Bayley, Simon M Lambert
BACKGROUND: This study reports the clinical outcome after glenohumeral arthrodesis for recurrent type II (atraumatic structural) and type III (muscle patterning nonstructural disorder) shoulder instability. METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted at a single facility. Eight consecutive patients (7 women and 1 man) with recurrent shoulder instability underwent arthrodesis and were monitored for a mean of 57 months (range, 24-123 months). Mean age at the time of surgery was 47 years (range, 21-73 years)...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834159/maternal-depressive-symptoms-and-early-childhood-cognitive-development-a-meta-analysis
#16
Y Liu, S Kaaya, J Chai, D C McCoy, P J Surkan, M M Black, A-L Sutter-Dallay, H Verdoux, M C Smith-Fawzi
BACKGROUND: Previous findings have been mixed regarding the relationship between maternal depressive symptoms and child cognitive development. The objective of this study was to systematically review relevant literature and to perform a meta-analysis. METHOD: Three electronic databases (PubMed, EMBASE, PsycINFO) were searched. Initial screening was conducted independently by two reviewers. Studies selected for detailed review were read in full and included based on a set of criteria...
November 11, 2016: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829405/-get-up-study-rationale-and-protocol-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-to-evaluate-the-effects-of-reduced-sitting-on-toddlers-cognitive-development
#17
Rute Santos, Dylan P Cliff, Steven J Howard, Sanne L Veldman, Ian M Wright, Eduarda Sousa-Sá, João R Pereira, Anthony D Okely
BACKGROUND: The educational and cognitive differences associated with low socioeconomic status begin early in life and tend to persist throughout life. Coupled with the finding that levels of sedentary time are negatively associated with cognitive development, and time spent active tends to be lower in disadvantaged circumstances, this highlights the need for interventions that reduce the amount of time children spend sitting and sedentary during childcare. The proposed study aims to assess the effects of reducing sitting time during Early Childhood Education and Care (ECEC) services on cognitive development in toddlers from low socio-economic families...
November 9, 2016: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825008/effect-of-supplemental-donor-human-milk-compared-with-preterm-formula-on-neurodevelopment-of-very-low-birth-weight-infants-at-18-months-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#18
COMMENT
Deborah L O'Connor, Sharyn Gibbins, Alex Kiss, Nicole Bando, Joan Brennan-Donnan, Eugene Ng, Douglas M Campbell, Simone Vaz, Christoph Fusch, Elizabeth Asztalos, Paige Church, Edmond Kelly, Linh Ly, Alan Daneman, Sharon Unger
Importance: For many very low-birth-weight (VLBW) infants, there is insufficient mother's milk, and a supplement of pasteurized donor human milk or preterm formula is required. Awareness of the benefits of mother's milk has led to an increase in use of donor milk, despite limited data evaluating its efficacy. Objective: To determine if nutrient-enriched donor milk compared with formula, as a supplement to mother's milk, reduces neonatal morbidity, supports growth, and improves neurodevelopment in VLBW infants...
November 8, 2016: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819114/looking-after-iris-john-bayley-s-elegy-for-the-living
#19
Carol Schilling
John Bayley's Elegy for Iris, his memoir about living with Iris Murdoch after the onset of dementia, unsettles models of mind and agency that ignore human relationship, dependency, and the vulnerabilities of the cared for and the carer. Experiencing Iris as ambiguously absent and present while he attentively cares for her, Bayley frames his memoir as an elegy, a reflection on love and loss that conventionally represents two subjects-the author and the one he lost. Bayley's acts of care and his stories about his wife, both as she was and as she has become, sustain her moral worth as a person...
November 7, 2016: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816220/using-eye-movements-to-assess-language-comprehension-in-toddlers-born-preterm-and-full-term
#20
Elizabeth C Loi, Virginia A Marchman, Anne Fernald, Heidi M Feldman
OBJECTIVE: To assess language skills in children born preterm and full term by the use of a standardized language test and eye-tracking methods. STUDY DESIGN: Children born ≤32 weeks' gestation (n = 44) were matched on sex and socioeconomic status to children born full term (n = 44) and studied longitudinally. The Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development, Third Edition (BSID-III) were administered at 18 months (corrected for prematurity as applicable)...
November 3, 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
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