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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231659/-correlative-factors-on-prevalence-rate-of-dislipidemia-among-1-337-coal-miners-in-shanxi-province
#1
Z D Fu, D D Wen, B Wang, S L Xue, G S Liu, X H Li, Z H Zhao, J Wang, B G Wei, S P Wang
Objective: To understand the prevalence rate and correlative factors of dislipidemia among Shanxi coal miners and to provide evidence for the development of programs on dislipidemia prevention. Methods: We investigated 1 337 mine workers from a Coal Group in April 2016 and collected data related to their blood biochemistry. We then classified the types in accordance with the diagnostic criteria of " Guidelines for prevention and treatment of dyslipidemia in Chinese adults (2007)" , using χ(2) test and unconditional logistic regression model for analysis...
February 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230898/manifestations-and-medicolegal-significance-of-loeys-dietz-syndrome
#2
Roger W Byard
Loeys-Dietz syndrome is a recently described autosomal dominant disorder with underlying vasculopathy characterized by aortic and other vascular aneurysmal dissection/rupture. A 61-year-old man is reported who died suddenly and unexpectedly and at autopsy was found to have a ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm. Additional findings included dolichostenomelia, high-arched palate, and pectus excavatum. There was a strong family history of Loeys-Dietz syndrome, although the decedent had never been tested. Death was, therefore, due to a ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm in a case of probable Loeys-Dietz syndrome...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230732/effects-of-acute-blueberry-flavonoids-on-mood-in-children-and-young-adults
#3
Sundus Khalid, Katie L Barfoot, Gabrielle May, Daniel J Lamport, Shirley A Reynolds, Claire M Williams
Epidemiological evidence suggests that consumption of flavonoids (usually via fruits and vegetables) is associated with decreased risk of developing depression. One plausible explanation for this association is the well-documented beneficial effects of flavonoids on executive function (EF). Impaired EF is linked to cognitive processes (e.g., rumination) that maintain depression and low mood; therefore, improved EF may reduce depressionogenic cognitive processes and improve mood. Study 1: 21 young adults (18-21 years old) consumed a flavonoid-rich blueberry drink and a matched placebo in a counterbalanced cross-over design...
February 20, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230640/disparities-in-waitlist-and-posttransplantation-outcomes-in-liver-transplant-registrants-and-recipients-18-24-years-old-analysis-of-the-unos-database
#4
Noelle H Ebel, Evelyn K Hsu, Kristin Berry, Simon P Horslen, George N Ioannou
BACKGROUND: We evaluated liver transplantation waitlist and posttransplantation outcomes in 18-24 year olds compared to both younger (0-17 year old) and older (25-34 year old) registrants and recipients. METHODS: Utilizing national data from the United Network for Organ Sharing, competing risk, Cox regression and Kaplan-Meier analyses were performed on first-time liver transplant registrants (n=13,979) and recipients (n=8,718) ages 0-34 years old between 2002 to 2015...
February 22, 2017: Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230561/adolescent-transition-clinic-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease-quantitative-assessment-of-self-efficacy-skills
#5
Anat Yerushalmy-Feler, Yulia Ron, Efrat Barnea, Ayala Nachum, Shay Matalon, Margalit Dali-Levy, Iris Dotan, Shlomi Cohen
OBJECTIVES: There is no model for the process of transition of adolescents with inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) to the adult care protocol. We recently established a transition clinic where 17-year-old to 18-year-old IBD patients are seen by a multidisciplinary team including pediatric and adult gastroenterologists with expertise in IBD treatments, an IBD nurse, and a psychologist. We quantitatively describe this model and its benefits, and correlate demographic and transition parameters to self-efficacy in IBD adolescent patients before and after transition...
February 22, 2017: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230531/exercise-induced-alterations-in-nk-cell-cytotoxicity-methodological-issues-and-future-perspectives
#6
Philipp Zimmer, Alexander Schenk, Markus Kieven, Michelle Holthaus, Jonas Lehmann, Lukas Lövenich, Wilhelm Bloch
With their ability to recognize and eliminate virus-infected and neoplastic cells, natural killer cells (NK-cells) represent an important part of the innate immune system. NK-cells have attracted the attention of exercise scientists for more than thirty years ago. To date, it is widely accepted that NK-cell counts in the peripheral blood are strongly influenced by acute exercise. Additionally, many studies reported effects of both, acute and chronic exercise on NK-cell cytotoxicity. However, these findings are contradictory...
2017: Exercise Immunology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230422/effects-of-arousal-and-context-on-recognition-memory-for-emotional-pictures-in-younger-and-older-adults
#7
Yang Wang, Jiongjiong Yang
: Background/Study Context: Previous studies found that older adults tend to remember more positive than negative information (i.e., positivity bias), leading to an age-related positivity effect. However, the extent to which factors of arousal and contextual information influence the positivity bias in older adults remains to be determined. METHODS: In this study, 27 Chinese younger adults (20.00 ± 1.75 years) and 33 Chinese older adults (70.76 ± 5.49) learned pictures with negative, positive, and neutral valences...
March 2017: Experimental Aging Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230383/the-interplay-between-personality-and-cognitive-ability-across-12-years-in-middle-and-late-adulthood-evidence-for-reciprocal-associations
#8
Markus Wettstein, Benjamin Tauber, Elżbieta Kuźma, Hans-Werner Wahl
Research on relationships between personality and cognitive abilities has so far resulted in inconsistent findings regarding the strength of the associations. Moreover, relationships have rarely been compared longitudinally and bidirectionally between midlife versus late-life cohorts by considering different personality traits as well as multiple cognitive domains over a long-term follow-up period. We hypothesize that the interplay between the "Big Five" personality traits (Neuroticism, Extraversion, Openness to Experience, Agreeableness and Conscientiousness) and cognitive abilities (information processing speed, crystallized intelligence, fluid intelligence) may change from midlife to old age due to age-associated changes in cognitive and personality plasticity...
February 23, 2017: Psychology and Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230292/age-related-changes-in-pain-sensitivity-in-healthy-humans-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#9
REVIEW
H El Tumi, M I Johnson, P B F Dantas, M J Maynard, O A Tashani
: Literature suggests that pain perception diminishes in old age. The most recent review used search strategies conducted over a decade ago and concluded that study findings were equivocal. The aim of this systematic review, with meta-analysis, was to determine age-related changes in pain sensitivity in healthy pain-free adults, children and adolescents. A search of PubMed, Science Direct, and PsycINFO identified studies that compared pain sensitivity response to noxious stimuli at different time points in the lifespan of healthy individuals...
February 23, 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230234/nasal-infestation-by-linguatula-serrata-in-a-dog-in-the-uk-a-case-report
#10
E Villedieu, R F Sanchez, R E Jepson, G Ter Haar
A two-year-old, female neutered, cross-breed dog imported from Romania was diagnosed with nasal infestation of Linguatula serrata after she sneezed out an adult female. The dog was presented with mucopurulent/sanguinous nasal discharge, marked left-sided exophthalmia, conjunctival hyperaemia and chemosis. Computed tomography and left frontal sinusotomy revealed no further evidence of adult parasites. In addition, there was no evidence of egg shedding in the nasal secretions or faeces. Clinical signs resolved within 48 hours of sinusotomy, and with systemic broad-spectrum antibiotics and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229502/shared-musical-knowledge-in-11-month-old-infants
#11
Samuel A Mehr, Elizabeth S Spelke
Five-month-old infants selectively attend to novel people who sing melodies originally learned from a parent, but not melodies learned from a musical toy or from an unfamiliar singing adult, suggesting that music conveys social information to infant listeners. Here, we test this interpretation further in older infants with a more direct measure of social preferences. We randomly assigned 64 11-month-old infants to 1-2 weeks' exposure to one of two novel play songs that a parent either sang or produced by activating a recording inside a toy...
February 22, 2017: Developmental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229065/foreign-body-aspiration-in-adults-two-unusual-foreign-bodies-knife-and-tube-tracheostomy
#12
Seyed Mozafar Hashemi, Mohsen Kolahdouzan, Shahab Shahabi, Hamid Talebzadeh, Mohammad Taghi Rezaei
INTRODUCTION: Foreign body aspiration is usually a serious condition that is most common among the pediatric population, and rare in adults. In adults, aspiration may be tolerated for a long time. CASE REPORTS: Our first case is a 38-year-old man who presented with a 2-day history of swallowing a foreign body. He was completely asymptomatic. Chest X-ray revealed the presence of 5-cm foreign object in the right main bronchus. Rigid bronchoscopy was performed and a knife was removed from the right main bronchus...
January 2017: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228794/prompt-clinical-and-biochemical-response-to-denosumab-in-a-young-adult-patient-with-craniofacial-fibrous-dysplasia
#13
Cristina Eller-Vainicher, Diego Sergio Rossi, Giuseppe Guglielmi, Giada Anna Beltramini, Elisa Cairoli, Antonio Russillo, Giovanna Mantovani, Anna Spada, Iacopo Chiodini
BACKGROUND: We report on the clinical and biochemical outcomes in a 20-year-old male suffering from active craniofacial monostotic fibrous dysplasia (MFD) of the left mandible treated with the RANK-L inhibitor, denosumab, following unsatisfactory responses to prior long-term bisphosphonates therapy. RESULTS: The patient had been treated over 9 years with pamidronate (cumulative dose of 810 mg) with incomplete control of pain. Following initiation of denosumab 60 mg subcutaneously, bone pain and bone turnover markers (osteocalcin, total and bone alkaline phosphatase and carboxy-terminal cross-linking telopeptide of type I collagen) were monitored over a 27 months period...
September 2016: Clinical Cases in Mineral and Bone Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228425/prebiotic-supplementation-improves-appetite-control-in-children-with-overweight-and-obesity-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Megan P Hume, Alissa C Nicolucci, Raylene A Reimer
Background: Prebiotics have been shown to improve satiety in adults with overweight and obesity; however, studies in children are limited.Objective: We examined the effects of prebiotic supplementation on appetite control and energy intake in children with overweight and obesity.Design: This study was a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Forty-two boys and girls, ages 7-12 y, with a body mass index (BMI) of ≥85th percentile were randomly assigned to 8 g oligofructose-enriched inulin/d or placebo (maltodextrin) for 16 wk...
February 22, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228424/widespread-sucralose-exposure-in-a-randomized-clinical-trial-in-healthy-young-adults
#15
Allison C Sylvetsky, Peter J Walter, H Martin Garraffo, Kim Robien, Kristina I Rother
Background: Low-calorie sweeteners (LCSs) are found in many foods and beverages, but consumers may not realize their presence, and their role in appetite, weight, and health is controversial. Although consumption limits based on toxicologic safety are well established, the threshold required to exert clinically relevant metabolic effects is unknown.Objectives: This study aimed to determine whether individuals who do not report consumption of LCSs can be correctly characterized as "unexposed" and to investigate whether instructions to avoid LCSs are effective in minimizing exposure...
February 22, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226006/hospitalization-due-to-road-traffic-injuries-in-brazil-2013-hospital-stay-and-costs
#16
Silvânia Suely Caribé de Araújo Andrade, Maria Helena Prado de Mello Jorge
Objetivo: to describe hospitalization rates and to estimate hospital costs and time spent in hospital due to road traffic accidents (RTA) in Brazil, in 2013. Methods: this is an ecological study conducted using data from the Brazilian National Hospital Information System. Results: in 2013, 170,805 hospitalizations due to RTA were funded by the Brazilian National Health System; 78.2% of the individuals were male, 48.6% were from 20 to 39 years old, and 51...
January 2017: Epidemiologia e Servicos de Saude: Revista do Sistema Unico de Saude do Brasil
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225644/a-narrative-synthesis-of-nintendo-wii-fit-gaming-protocol-in-addressing-balance-among-healthy-older-adults-what-system-works
#17
Donald G Manlapaz, Gisela Sole, Prasath Jayakaran, Cathy M Chapple
BACKGROUND: Balance is crucial in performing functional tasks particularly among older adults. Exergaming is gaining attention as a novel approach to enhance balance in a number of clinical populations. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this review was to synthesize and present published evidence for Nintendo Wii Fit™ gaming system protocols. These include game preference, intervention setting, and exercise dosage for improving balance in healthy older adults. Commonly used outcome measures were also identified...
February 22, 2017: Games for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225498/dengue-associated-hemophagocyticlymphohistiocytosis-in-an-adult-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#18
Sang Mi Chung, Joon Young Song, Wonshik Kim, Min Joo Choi, Ji Ho Jeon, Seonghui Kang, Eunju Jung, Ji Yun Noh, Hee Jin Cheong, Woo Joo Kim
BACKGROUND: Infection-associated hemophagocytic syndrome (IAHS) is potentially a fatal disease caused by systemic infection complicated by hemophagocyticlymphohistiocytosis (HLH). Here, we report a case of HLH associated with dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) after a trip to Thailand. CASE SUMMARY: A 33-year-old healthy female patient presented with 3 days of fever, myalgia, and skin rash. Serotype 3 dengue virus was isolated. Clinical and laboratory findings fulfilled the criteria of HLH...
February 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225494/a-unique-case-of-inflammatory-fibroid-polyp-in-the-duodenum-of-a-female-adolescent-case-report-and-literature-review
#19
Mauricio Giusti Calderon, Valéria Campos Caivano, Sauro Bagnaresi, José Ozório de Oliveira Lira, Rodrigo Daminello Raimundo, Luiz Carlos de Abreu, João Antonio Correa
BACKGROUND: Inflammatory fibroid polyp (IFP) is a very rare benign condition in children that can occur throughout the gastrointestinal tract. It is characterized as a polypoid lesion originating in the submucosa, composed of connective tissue and eosinophilic infiltrate. It is most common in the stomach and in adults between the fifth and seventh decades of life. Its occurrence is unusual in the duodenum. CASE SUMMARY: One case of duodenal IFP was described and the literature is reviewed with emphasis on the clinical and pathological features of IFP in children...
February 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225378/traumatic-ventricular-septal-defect-in-a-1-year-old-boy-after-accidental-chest-compression-by-an-adult
#20
Huang-Wei Wu, Jen-Hung Chien, Ken-Pen Weng, Chu-Chuan Lin, Bo-Hau Chen, Shih-Ming Huang, Yu-Chi Hung
We report a 1-year-old boy with a delayed diagnosis of traumatic ventricular septal defect (VSD) related to chest compression. His cardiac function was stable after adequate medical treatment. Spontaneous closure of traumatic VSD occurred to this patient at the age of 4 years. This is a rare case of traumatic VSD associated with accidental chest compression, which is similar to rupture of the ventricular septum after blunt chest trauma. It should be kept in mind that traumatic VSD and concomitant thoracic injuries can develop during chest compression...
February 21, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
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