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ocd stigma

Aron Tendler, Noam Barnea Ygael, Yiftach Roth, Abraham Zangen
Deep transcranial magnetic stimulation (dTMS) utilizes different H-coils to study and treat a variety of psychiatric and neurological conditions with identifiable brain targets. The availability of this technology is dramatically changing the practice of psychiatry and neurology as it provides a safe and effective way to treat even drug-resistant patients. However, up until now, no effort was made to summarize the different types of H-coils that are available, and the conditions for which they were tested. Areas covered: Here we assembled all peer reviewed publication that used one of the H-coils, together with illustrations of the effective field they generate within the brain...
October 2016: Expert Review of Medical Devices
Alina Z Levine, Debbie M Warman
The present study investigated strategies for managing intrusive thoughts. Eighty undergraduate students read vignettes of intrusive thoughts - blasphemous, sexual, and violent - which varied in frequency of the thought (high or low) and who experienced the thought (self or other). Appraisal ratings of thoughts were completed and participants completed a response strategy survey where they indicated how much they would endorse various methods for dealing with the thoughts. Some response strategies were theorized to help with intrusive thoughts and some were theorized to be unhelpful...
November 30, 2016: Psychiatry Research
Valsamma Eapen, Andrea E Cavanna, Mary M Robertson
Tourette syndrome (TS) is more than having motor and vocal tics, and this review will examine the varied comorbidities as well as the social impact and quality of life (QoL) in individuals with TS. The relationship between any individual and his/her environment is complex, and this is further exaggerated in the case of a person with TS. For example, tics may play a significant role in shaping the person's experiences, perceptions, and interactions with the environment. Furthermore, associated clinical features, comorbidities, and coexisting psychopathologies may compound or alter this relationship...
2016: Frontiers in Psychiatry
Monnica T Williams, Matthew E Jahn
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a serious condition that remains understudied in ethnoracial minority populations. The presence of OCD and the individual, familial, and cultural factors that influence this condition can interfere with healthy development and cause lifelong disability. To date, there has not been a single published research article focused on OCD in African American youth. Ethnic and racial minorities with OCD are underrepresented or altogether absent from treatment centers and research studies, although evidence suggests that OCD may be particularly persistent in these populations...
May 30, 2016: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
M Subramaniam, E Abdin, L Picco, S Pang, S Shafie, J A Vaingankar, K W Kwok, K Verma, S A Chong
AIMS: The current study aimed to: (i) describe the extent of overall stigma as well as the differences in stigma towards people with alcohol abuse, dementia, depression, schizophrenia and obsessive compulsive disorder, as well as (ii) establish the dimensions of stigma and examine its correlates, in the general population of Singapore, using a vignette approach. METHODS: Data for the current study came from a larger nation-wide cross-sectional study of mental health literacy conducted in Singapore...
March 28, 2016: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
Joseph O'Neill, Jamie D Feusner
This article reviews issues related to a major challenge to the field for obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD): improving access to cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT). Patient-related barriers to access include the stigma of OCD and reluctance to take on the demands of CBT. Patient-external factors include the shortage of trained CBT therapists and the high costs of CBT. The second half of the review focuses on one partial, yet plausible aid to improve access - prediction of long-term response to CBT, particularly using neuroimaging methods...
2015: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
Cana Aksoy Poyraz, Şenol Turan, Nazife Gamze Usta Sağlam, Gizem Çetiner Batun, Ahmet Yassa, Alaattin Duran
BACKGROUND: Patients suffering from obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD), despite heightened levels of functional impairment and disability, often wait several years before starting pharmacological treatment. The interval between the onset of a specific psychiatric disorder and administration of the first pharmacological treatment has been conceptualized as the duration of untreated illness (DUI). The DUI has been increasingly investigated as a predictor of long-term outcomes for OCD and other anxiety disorders...
April 2015: Comprehensive Psychiatry
Monnica T Williams, Chad Wetterneck, Ghazel Tellawi, Gerardo Duque
Although sexual obsessions in obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) are not uncommon, obsessions about sexual orientation have not been well studied. These obsessions focus on issues such as the fear of being or becoming gay, fear of being perceived by others as gay, and unwanted mental images involving homosexual acts. Sexual orientation obsessions in OCD are particularly distressing due to the ego-dystonic nature of the obsessions and, often, stigma surrounding a same-sex orientation. The purpose of this study was to better understand distress in people suffering from sexual orientation obsessions in OCD...
April 2015: Archives of Sexual Behavior
Michael Kyrios, Maja Nedeljkovic, Richard Moulding, Britt Klein, David Austin, Denny Meyer, Claire Ahern
BACKGROUND: Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) is a common chronic psychiatric disorder that constitutes a leading cause of disability. Although Cognitive-Behaviour Therapy (CBT) has been shown to be an effective treatment for OCD, this specialised treatment is unavailable to many due to access issues and the social stigma associated with seeing a mental health specialist. Internet-based psychological treatments have shown to provide effective, accessible and affordable treatment for a range of anxiety disorders, and two Randomised Controlled Trials (RCTs) have demonstrated the efficacy and acceptability of internet-based CBT (iCBT) for OCD, as compared to waitlist or supportive therapy...
2014: BMC Psychiatry
Helen Murphy, Ramesh Perera-Delcourt
OBJECTIVES: While there has been an abundance of quantitative studies that examine the clinical features and treatment modalities of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), only a few qualitative research studies examining the experience of OCD have been documented. Our objectives were to explore and understand psychosocial aspects of OCD and to provide qualitative accounts of the condition and its treatment rather than concentrating on its psychopathology. We also wanted to locate the role cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) played in the condition for our participants...
March 2014: Psychology and Psychotherapy
Jillian W Wong, John Y M Koo
When patients with psychodermatologic disorders present in clinic, the dermatologist can refer them to psychiatrists or other mental health care professionals. However, it is often the case that these patients will refuse a psychiatric referral because they either do not believe they have a disorder of psychiatric nature or they feel there is societal stigma associated with psychiatric illness. Therefore, it is essential for dermatologists to understand the common classifications for psychodermatological cases and to know how to optimally treat these patients with pharmacotherapy...
May 2013: Dermatology Online Journal
Susana Collado-Vázquez, Jesús M Carrillo
INTRODUCTION: Different neurological diseases have often been portrayed in literature, cinema and television. Tics and Tourette syndrome, for example, are commonly represented from different perspectives, which are sometimes very realistic but in some cases are used for more dramatic purposes or to make a character look ridiculous. One of the main effects of these inadequate views is to further stigmatise those who suffer these movement disorders. AIMS: To review the way tics and Tourette syndrome have been portrayed in certain literary works, films and television...
August 1, 2013: Revista de Neurologia
Daniel Mendelsohn, Nir Lipsman, Andres M Lozano, Takaomi Taira, Mark Bernstein
BACKGROUND: Interest in neurosurgery for psychiatric diseases (NPD) has grown globally. We previously reported the results of a survey of North American functional neurosurgeons that evaluated general attitudes towards NPD and the future directions of the field. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to expand on our previous work and obtain a snapshot in time of global attitudes towards NPD among practicing functional neurosurgeons. We measure general and regional trends in functional neurosurgery and focus specifically on surgery for mind and mood, while exploring the future prospects of the field...
2013: Stereotactic and Functional Neurosurgery
Meredith E Coles, Richard G Heimberg, Barry D Weiss
BACKGROUND: Obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) is a disabling condition associated with significant personal and societal burdens. Despite the availability of efficacious treatments, in most cases, the disorder remains unrecognized and untreated. Lack of knowledge (i.e. poor mental health literacy, MHL) regarding OCD may be an impediment to seeking treatment. Therefore, the current study assessed public knowledge and beliefs about OCD and examined factors influencing MHL. METHODS: Five hundred seventy-seven US adults participated in a telephone survey...
August 2013: Depression and Anxiety
John W Ayers, Benjamin M Althouse, Jon-Patrick Allem, J Niels Rosenquist, Daniel E Ford
BACKGROUND: Population mental health surveillance is an important challenge limited by resource constraints, long time lags in data collection, and stigma. One promising approach to bridge similar gaps elsewhere has been the use of passively generated digital data. PURPOSE: This article assesses the viability of aggregate Internet search queries for real-time monitoring of several mental health problems, specifically in regard to seasonal patterns of seeking out mental health information...
May 2013: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Kate Miriam Loewenthal
BACKGROUND: Suggestions are examined with regard to psychiatric epidemiology among Jews: raised prevalence of depressive disorder in men, low prevalence of alcohol related disorders and suicide, higher prevalences of obsessive-compulsive disorder and psychosis. METHODS: Demography, psychiatric epidemiology, service provision, use and barriers to use are described in the U.K., with brief comparison with other Diaspora communities. RESULTS: Prevalence of depression may be as high among Jewish men as among women...
2012: Israel Journal of Psychiatry and related Sciences
Ira D Glick, Mark A Stillman, Claudia L Reardon, Eva C Ritvo
OBJECTIVE: Providing psychiatric consultation to elite athletes presents unique and complex issues. These patients present with multifaceted medical, psychological, and performance concerns. We provide the first report of professional and ethical quandaries that arise in treating elite athletes and ways to address them. METHOD: We identified studies through a MEDLINE search. Search terms included the following, individually and in combination: psychiatry, athletes, elite athletes, professional athletes, sports, sport psychiatry, mental illness, major depressive disorder, depression, bipolar disorder, suicide, anxiety, generalized anxiety disorder, obsessive compulsive disorder, social phobia, social anxiety disorder, panic disorder, post traumatic stress disorder, specific phobia, psychosis, eating disorders, anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, substance abuse, substance dependence, addiction, alcohol, anabolic steroids, stimulants, antidepressants, mood stabilizers, anxiolytics, antipsychotics, sedative-hypnotics, psychotropics, medications, and psychiatric medications...
May 2012: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
Monnica T Williams, Julian Domanico, Luana Marques, Nicole J Leblanc, Eric Turkheimer
African Americans are underrepresented in OCD treatment centers and less likely to experience a remission of symptoms. This study examines the barriers that prevent African Americans with OCD from receiving treatment. Seventy-one adult African Americans with OCD were recruited and administered the modified Barriers to Treatment Participation Scale (BTPS) and the Barriers to Treatment Questionnaire (BTQ). Comparing the BTQ between a European American Internet sample (N=108) and the African American OCD sample (N=71) revealed barriers unique to African Americans, including not knowing where to find help and concerns about discrimination...
May 2012: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
Donatella Marazziti, Marina Carlini, Liliana Dell'Osso
Anxiety disorders represent the most prevalent psychiatric disorders. In addition, a considerable burden is associated with them, not only for individual sufferers, but also for the health care system. However, many patients who might benefit from treatment are not diagnosed or treated. This may partly be due to lack of awareness of the anxiety disorders by primary care practitioners and by the sufferers themselves. In addition, the stigma still associated with psychiatric disorders and lack of confidence in psychiatric treatments are factors leading to no/under recognition and treatment, or the use of unnecessary or inappropriate treatments...
2012: Current Topics in Medicinal Chemistry
Adrian Furnham, Julian Winceslaus
BACKGROUND: This study was concerned with investigating the mental health literacy of lay people in regard to the personality disorders. METHOD: 223 participants responded to a questionnaire entitled 'eccentric people' which contained vignettes of 10 personality disorders which they rated as well as labelled. RESULTS: Lay people recognize people with personality disorders as being unhappy, unsuccessful at work and as having poor personal relationships, but do not associate these problems with psychological causes...
2012: Psychopathology
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