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antidiabetic drug research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155174/ethnopharmacology-phytochemistry-and-pharmacology-of-cornus-officinalis-sieb-et-zucc
#1
REVIEW
Jun Huang, Yiwei Zhang, Lin Dong, Qinghan Gao, Lei Yin, Hongfeng Quan, Rong Chen, Xueyan Fu, Dingbo Lin
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Cornus officinalis (Cornaceae), known in Chinese as "Shanzhuyu," is a frequently used traditional Chinese medicine. It tastes sour and is astringent and slightly warm in nature. Its fruits have long been used to treat kidney deficiency, high blood pressure, waist and knee pain, dizziness, tinnitus, impotence, spermatorrhea, menorrhagia, and other diseases in China. The main distribution areas are Shanxi and Gansu. AIM OF THE STUDY: This review focused on the ethnopharmacological uses of the herb...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144162/association-between-metformin-adherence-and-all-cause-mortality-among-new-users-of-metformin-a-nested-case-control-study
#2
Patrice Simard, Nancy Presse, Louise Roy, Marc Dorais, Brian White-Guay, Agnès Räkel, Sylvie Perreault
BACKGROUND: Metformin presents better survival rates than other oral antidiabetics in the treatment of type 2 diabetes. However, these benefits may be dampened by inadequate treatment adherence. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to investigate the relationship between adherence level to metformin therapy and all-cause mortality over 10 years in incident metformin users. METHODS: A nested case-control study was conducted using a large cohort of beneficiaries of the Quebec public drug insurance plan, aged 45 to 85 years, who initiated metformin between 2000 and 2009...
November 1, 2017: Annals of Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114561/awareness-about-rational-use-of-medicines-among-fresh-bachelor-of-medicine-and-bachelor-of-surgery-graduates
#3
Vijaya Laxman Chaudhari, Smita N Mali, Amruta V Dawari, Tushar B Nishandar
CONTEXT: Fresh Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery graduates (FMGs) are responsible for the majority of prescription errors and irrational use of medicines. Little research has explored their knowledge on rational prescribing practices. AIMS: The present study aimed to evaluate the awareness of rational use of medicines (RUMs) among the FMGs. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: A multicentric, cross-sectional, and questionnaire-based study was conducted among 308 FMGs during the internship orientation program...
2017: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090668/antimicrobial-potential-of-benzimidazole-derived-molecules
#4
Yogita Bansal, Manjinder Kaur, Gulshan Bansal
Structural resemblance of benzimidazole nucleus with purine nucleus in nucleotides makes benzimidazole derivatives attractive ligands to interact with biopolymers of a living system. The most prominent benzimidazole compound in nature is N-ribosyldimethylbenzimidazole, which serves as an axial ligand for cobalt in vitamin B12. This structural similarity prompted medicinal chemists across the globe to synthesize a variety of benzimidazole derivatives and to screen those for various biological activities, such as anticancer, hormone antagonist, antiviral, anti-HIV, anthelmintic, antiprotozoal, antimicrobial, antihypertensive, anti-inflammatory, analgesic, anxiolytic, antiallergic, coagulant, anticoagulant, antioxidant and antidiabetic activities...
October 31, 2017: Mini Reviews in Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076039/effect-of-trelagliptin-on-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-study-protocol
#5
Hitoshi Ishii, Yuki Suzaki, Yuko Miyata
INTRODUCTION: Long-term glycemic control in type 2 diabetes is critical to prevent or delay the onset of macrovascular and microvascular complications. Medication adherence is an integral component of type 2 diabetes management. Minimizing the dosing frequency of antidiabetic drugs may reduce treatment burden for patients and improve medication adherence. This study has been proposed to assess the reduction in treatment burden during 12 weeks' administration of trelagliptin, a weekly dosing dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitor, compared with a daily dosing DPP-4 inhibitor in patients with type 2 diabetes...
December 2017: Diabetes Therapy: Research, Treatment and Education of Diabetes and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068991/the-prescribing-trend-of-oral-antidiabetic-agents-for-type-2-diabetes-in-taiwan-an-8-year-population-based-study
#6
Wei-Min Chu, Hsin-En Ho, Kuang-Hua Huang, Yu-Tse Tsan, Yi-Sheng Liou, Yueh-Hsin Wang, Meng-Chih Lee, Yu-Ching Li
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the prescription trend and pattern of oral antidiabetic (OAD) medications, which are extensively used worldwide for treating type 2 diabetes, in 2 age groups.In this population-based study, data obtained from the National Health Insurance Research Database, Taiwan, were analyzed to investigate the prescription trend of all types of OAD medications during 2005 to 2012. We used descriptive statistics to demonstrate the trend of prescription patterns stratified by age (aged 65 years and above or younger than 65)...
October 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055800/anti-diabetic-potential-of-peptides-future-prospects-as-therapeutic-agents
#7
REVIEW
Marya, Haroon Khan, Seyed Mohammad Nabvi, Solomon Habtemariam
Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disorder in which the glucose level in blood exceeds beyond the normal level and its effective control is recognized as a global challenge for clinician. Persistent hyperglycemia leads to diabetes late complication and obviously account for a large number of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Numerous therapeutic options are available for the treatment of diabetes including insulin for type I and oral tablets for type II, but its effective management is still a dream. Several options are under investigation in various research laboratories for efficacious and safer agents...
October 18, 2017: Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032756/antidiabetic-drugs-as-antihypertensives-new-data-on-the-horizon
#8
Vassiliki Mamakou, Ioanna Eleftheriadou, Niki Katsiki, Konstantinos Makrilakis, Konstantinos Tsioufis, Nikoalos Tentolouris
The prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) increases worldwide, forcing for more research in the area of the optimal diabetes management. Cardiovascular disease (CVD) remains the commonest cause of death in individuals with T2DM. Besides hyperglycemia, an explanation for the increased mortality in this population is the increased prevalence of comorbidities, such as hypertension and dyslipidemia. Recent population-based studies described a prevalence of hypertension greater than 80% in patients with T2DM...
October 10, 2017: Current Vascular Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026740/diabetes-and-ramadan-a-concise-and-practical-update
#9
REVIEW
Mohamed H Ahmed, Nazik Elmalaika Husain, Wadie M Elmadhoun, Sufian K Noor, Abbas A Khalil, Ahmed O Almobarak
Despite the fact that the month of Ramadan includes 29-30 days and the duration of fasting for each day can last for between 12 and 16 h, it was estimated that a large number of individuals with diabetes do fast during Ramadan. In light of recent advancement of new pharmacological agents, drugs such as vildagliptin, sitagliptin, and liraglutide were found to be safe to use during this month of fasting. These therapeutic agents can also be used in combination with metformin. The use of sulfonylureas, in most of the recent guidelines about diabetes and Ramadan, seems not to gain much support due to the risk of hypoglycemia...
January 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022103/antidiabetic-plant-derived-nutraceuticals-a-critical-review
#10
REVIEW
Jayapal Naveen, Vallikannan Baskaran
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is one of the major health problems in the world, especially amongst the urban population. Chemically synthesized drugs used to decrease the ill effects of DM and its secondary complications cause adverse side effects, viz., weight gain, gastrointestinal disturbances, and heart failure. Currently, various other approaches, viz., diet control, physical exercise and use of antidiabetic plant-derived molecules/foods are advocated to manage DM, as they are economical with fewer or no side effects...
October 11, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974980/effects-of-hydroalcoholic-extract-of-rhus-coriaria-seed-on-glucose-and-insulin-related-biomarkers-lipid-profile-and-hepatic-enzymes-in-nicotinamide-streptozotocin-induced-type-ii-diabetic-male-mice
#11
Akram Ahangarpour, Hamid Heidari, Majid Salehizade Junghani, Reza Absari, Mehdi Khoogar, Ehsan Ghaedi
Type 2 diabetes often leads to dislipidemia and abnormal activity of hepatic enzymes. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the antidiabetic and hypolipidemic properties of Rhus coriaria (R. coriaria) seed extrac on nicotinamide-streptozotocin induced type 2 diabetic mice. In this experimental study, 56 male Naval Medical Research Institute mice (30-35 g) were randomly separated into seven groups: control, diabetic group, diabetic mice treated with glibenclamide (0.25 mg/kg, as standard antidiabetic drug) or R...
October 2017: Research in Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923179/drugs-and-hyperglycemia-a-practical-guide
#12
REVIEW
Vandana Jain, Ronak Kumar Patel, Zaureen Kapadia, Sneha Galiveeti, Maryann Banerji, Lisel Hope
Drug-induced diabetes is one of the factors contributing to the increasing incidence of diabetes worldwide. This review considers the frequency, pathogenesis and treatment of drug-induced diabetes. Drugs that induce diabetes include hormonal therapy, especially glucocorticoids and androgen blockers, cardiovascular drugs, especially statins, beta-blockers and diuretics, antipsychotics, especially clozapine, olanzapine and quetiapine, antiretrovirals (protease inhibitors and non-reverse transcriptase inhibitors - NRTIs) and other drugs (mechanistic target of rapamycin inhibitors -mTORs, post organ transplantation drugs, tyrosine kinase inhibitors and interferon-alpha)...
October 2017: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914188/a-retrospect-study-on-thiazole-derivatives-as-the-potential-antidiabetic-agents-in-drug-discovery-amp-developments
#13
Gopal L Khatik, Ashok Kumar Datusalia, Waquar Ahsan, Paranjeet Kaur, Manish Vyas, Amit Mittal, Surendra Kumar Nayak
BACKGROUND: Heterocycles containing thiazole, a moiety with sulfur and nitrogen is a core structure which found in a number of biologically active compounds. The thiazole ring is notable as a component of the certain natural products, such as vitamin B1 (thiamine) and penicillins. Thiazole is also known as wonder nucleus and has versatile in different biological fields. A number of new compounds contain heterocycle thiazole moieties, thus it is one of the important areas of research. METHODS: We searched the scientific database using relevant keywords...
September 15, 2017: Current Drug Discovery Technologies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878934/postauthorization-safety-study-of-the-dpp-4-inhibitor-saxagliptin-a-large-scale-multinational-family-of-cohort-studies-of-five-outcomes
#14
Vincent Lo Re, Dena M Carbonari, M Elle Saine, Craig W Newcomb, Jason A Roy, Qing Liu, Qufei Wu, Serena Cardillo, Kevin Haynes, Stephen E Kimmel, Peter P Reese, David J Margolis, Andrea J Apter, K Rajender Reddy, Sean Hennessy, Harshvinder Bhullar, Arlene M Gallagher, Daina B Esposito, Brian L Strom
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the risk of serious adverse events among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus initiating saxagliptin compared with oral antidiabetic drugs (OADs) in classes other than dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitors. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Cohort studies using 2009-2014 data from two UK medical record data sources (Clinical Practice Research Datalink, The Health Improvement Network) and two USA claims-based data sources (HealthCore Integrated Research Database, Medicare)...
2017: BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840639/use-of-oral-antidiabetic-drugs-in-the-treatment-of-maturity-onset-diabetes-of-the-young-a-mini-review
#15
REVIEW
Ludmila Brunerova, Dario Rahelić, Antonio Ceriello, Jan Broz
MODY (maturity-onset diabetes of the young) is a genetically linked group of clinically heterogeneous subtypes of diabetes. Roughly 5% of people with diabetes mellitus diagnosed prior to age 45 have MODY diabetes. Most of them have been erroneously diagnosed as patients with either type 1 or type 2 diabetes and, as a result, have been improperly treated. Genetic identification of MODY diabetes and its subtypes allows proper treatment and enables clinicians to switch many patients to oral antidiabetic agents, mainly sulphonylureas...
August 24, 2017: Diabetes/metabolism Research and Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834075/therapeutic-inertia-in-the-treatment-of-hyperglycaemia-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-a-systematic-review
#16
Kamlesh Khunti, Marilia B Gomes, Stuart Pocock, Marina V Shestakova, Stéphane Pintat, Peter Fenici, Niklas Hammar, Jesús Medina
AIMS: Therapeutic inertia, defined as the failure to initiate or intensify therapy in a timely manner according to evidence-based clinical guidelines, is a key reason for uncontrolled hyperglycaemia in patients with type 2 diabetes. The aims of this systematic review were to identify how therapeutic inertia in the management of hyperglycaemia was measured and to assess its extent over the past decade. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Systematic searches for articles published from January 1, 2004 to August 1, 2016 were conducted in MEDLINE and Embase...
August 22, 2017: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827967/in-vitro-antidiabetic-activity-of-polar-and-nonpolar-solvent-extracts-from-leucas-aspera-willd-link-leaves
#17
V M Annapandian, R Shanmuga Sundaram
BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus is a chronic illness, and the management of diabetes is a global problem. Successful treatment is required to prevent complications and organ damages. Herbal medicines are having minimal adverse effects when compared to the available synthetic drugs to treat such chronic diseases and disorders. OBJECTIVE: The present study was aimed to evaluate the antidiabetic and antioxidant activity of polar and nonpolar solvent extracts of Leucas aspera (Willd...
July 2017: Pharmacognosy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790917/effect-of-dipeptidyl-peptidase-4-inhibitors-on-bone-metabolism-and-the-possible-underlying-mechanisms
#18
REVIEW
Yinqiu Yang, Chenhe Zhao, Jing Liang, Mingxiang Yu, Xinhua Qu
Diabetes mellitus has been demonstrated to be closely associated with osteoporosis. Accordingly, hypoglycemic therapy is considered effective in treating metabolic bone disease. Recently, the effects of dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitors, a new type of antidiabetic drug, on bone metabolism have been widely studied. This review mainly describes the effects of DPP-4 inhibitors on bone metabolism, including their effects on bone mineral density, bone quality, and fracture risk. In addition, the potential underlying mechanisms are discussed...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770011/interactions-between-antidiabetic-drugs-and-herbs-an-overview-of-mechanisms-of-action-and-clinical-implications
#19
REVIEW
Ramesh C Gupta, Dennis Chang, Srinivas Nammi, Alan Bensoussan, Kellie Bilinski, Basil D Roufogalis
Diabetes is a complex condition with a variety of causes and pathophysiologies. The current single target approach has not provided ideal clinical outcomes for the treatment of the disease and its complications. Herbal medicine has been used for the management of various diseases such as diabetes over centuries. Many diabetic patients are known to use herbal medicines with antidiabetic properties in addition to their mainstream treatments, which may present both a benefit as well as potential risk to effective management of their disease...
2017: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761654/treatment-patterns-and-clinical-characteristics-of-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-according-to-body-mass-index-findings-from-an-electronic-medical-records-database
#20
Wayne Weng, Ye Tian, Edward S Kimball, Sheldon X Kong, Jonathan Bouchard, Todd M Hobbs, Brian Sakurada
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated relationships between glycaemic control, body mass index (BMI), comorbidities and pharmacological treatment in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D). RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: This was a retrospective, cross-sectional analysis of Quintiles electronic medical records research data (study period 1 October 2013-30 September 2014). Eligibility included age ≥18 years, T2D diagnosis, and at least one available BMI measurement...
2017: BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care
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