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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924668/parenting-of-children-with-down-syndrome-compared-to-fragile-x-syndrome
#1
Audra Sterling, Steven F Warren
Children with Down syndrome (DS) and fragile X syndrome (FXS) struggle with language development. Parenting variables, such as responsiveness to children's communication attempts (Maternal Responsivity), and techniques used to support and teach appropriate behavior (Behavior Management) are known to have a significant impact on early child development. We examined these two aspects of parenting style via coded, videotaped parent-child interactions in two groups of participants matched on child age (2-5 years) and child expressive language level: mothers of children with DS and mothers of children with FXS...
December 7, 2016: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917003/bilingualism-and-biliteracy-in-down-syndrome-insights-from-a-case-study
#2
REVIEW
Kelly Burgoyne, Fiona J Duff, Dea Nielsen, Anastasia Ulicheva, Margaret J Snowling
We present the case study of MB-a bilingual child with Down syndrome (DS) who speaks Russian (first language [L1]) and English (second language [L2]) and has learned to read in two different alphabets with different symbol systems. We demonstrate that, in terms of oral language, MB is as proficient in Russian as English, with a mild advantage for reading in English, her language of formal instruction. MB's L1 abilities were compared with those of 11 Russian-speaking typically developing monolinguals and her L2 abilities to those of 15 English-speaking typically developing monolinguals and six monolingual English-speaking children with DS; each group achieving the same level of word reading ability as MB...
December 2016: Language Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893086/the-composition-of-early-vocabulary-in-spanish-children-with-down-syndrome-and-their-peers-with-typical-development
#3
Elena Checa, Miguel Galeote, Pilar Soto
Purpose: There are very few studies, and at present none in Spanish, on vocabulary composition in children with Down syndrome (DS). Nor has the topic been widely assessed in Spanish-speaking children with typical development (TD). This study analyzed the composition of early vocabularies in a large sample of Spanish-speaking children with DS and compared it with that of children with TD. Method: We studied 108 children with DS and 108 children with TD with mental ages between 8 and 29 months, matched for size of productive vocabulary and gender...
November 1, 2016: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868264/profiles-of-children-with-down-syndrome-who-meet-screening-criteria-for-autism-spectrum-disorder-asd-a-comparison-with-children-diagnosed-with-asd-attending-specialist-schools
#4
G Warner, P Howlin, E Salomone, J Moss, T Charman
BACKGROUND: Recent research suggests that around 16% to 18% of children with Down syndrome (DS) also meet diagnostic criteria for autism spectrum disorder (ASD). However, there are indications that profiles of autism symptoms in this group may vary from those typically described in children with ASD. METHOD: Rates of autism symptoms and emotional and behavioural problems among children with DS who screened positive for ASD on the Social Communication Questionnaire (SCQ) (n = 183) were compared with a group of children with clinical diagnoses of ASD (n = 189) attending specialist schools in the UK...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27851899/cognitive-ability-in-down-syndrome-and-its-relationship-to-urinary-neopterin-a-marker-of-activated-cellular-immunity
#5
Panagiotis Zis, André Strydom, David Buckley, Daniel Adekitan, Patrick C McHugh
BACKGROUND: Neopterin is an unconjugated pteridine that is secreted in large quantities by activated macrophages and can be used as a clinical marker of activated cellular immunity and oxidative stress. We aimed to investigate whether urinary neopterin levels are associated with cognitive function in people with Down syndrome (DS). METHODS: Out of 32 adults with DS who originally participated in a longitudinal study, 25 were followed up at 4 years. Informants rated their adaptive behavior (ABAS) and the adults with DS attempted assessments of language skills and memory at both baseline and follow-up time points (Modified Memory Object Task, MOMT), and receptive vocabulary (British Picture Vocabulary Scale, BPVS)...
November 13, 2016: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27701700/pursuing-precision-speech-language-therapy-services-for-children-with-down-syndrome
#6
Jena McDaniel, Paul J Yoder
The behavioral phenotype of individuals with Down syndrome (DS) offers one avenue for developing speech-language therapy services that are tailored to the individual's characteristics that affect treatment response. Behavioral phenotypes are patterns of behavioral strengths and weaknesses for specific genetic disorders that can help guide the development and implementation of effective interventions. Nonetheless, individual differences within children with DS must be acknowledged and addressed because behavioral phenotypes are probabilistic, not deterministic...
November 2016: Seminars in Speech and Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27679588/the-role-of-executive-functions-in-social-cognition-among-children-with-down-syndrome-relationship-patterns
#7
Anna Amadó, Elisabet Serrat, Eduard Vallès-Majoral
Many studies show a link between social cognition, a set of cognitive and emotional abilities applied to social situations, and executive functions in typical developing children. Children with Down syndrome (DS) show deficits both in social cognition and in some subcomponents of executive functions. However this link has barely been studied in this population. The aim of this study is to investigate the links between social cognition and executive functions among children with DS. We administered a battery of social cognition and executive function tasks (six theory of mind tasks, a test of emotion comprehension, and three executive function tasks) to a group of 30 participants with DS between 4 and 12 years of age...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27602170/the-nih-toolbox-cognitive-battery-for-intellectual-disabilities-three-preliminary-studies-and-future-directions
#8
David Hessl, Stephanie M Sansone, Elizabeth Berry-Kravis, Karen Riley, Keith F Widaman, Leonard Abbeduto, Andrea Schneider, Jeanine Coleman, Dena Oaklander, Kelly C Rhodes, Richard C Gershon
BACKGROUND: Recent advances in understanding molecular and synaptic mechanisms of intellectual disabilities (ID) in fragile X syndrome (FXS) and Down syndrome (DS) through animal models have led to targeted controlled trials with pharmacological agents designed to normalize these underlying mechanisms and improve clinical outcomes. However, several human clinical trials have failed to demonstrate efficacy of these targeted treatments to improve surrogate behavioral endpoints. Because the ultimate index of disease modification in these disorders is amelioration of ID, the validation of cognitive measures for tracking treatment response is essential...
2016: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27598658/management-of-swallowing-and-communication-difficulties-in-down-syndrome-a-survey-of-speech-language-pathologists
#9
Carly Meyer, Deborah Theodoros, Louise Hickson
PURPOSE: To explore speech pathology services for people with Down syndrome across the lifespan. METHOD: Speech-language pathologists (SLPs) working in Australia were invited to complete an online survey, which enquired about the speech pathology services they had provided to client/s with Down syndrome in the past 12 months. The data were analysed using descriptive statistics. RESULT: A total of 390 SLPs completed the survey; 62% reported seeing a client with Down syndrome in the past 12 months...
September 6, 2016: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27498221/audio-visual-speech-perception-in-infants-and-toddlers-with-down-syndrome-fragile-x-syndrome-and-williams-syndrome
#10
Dean D'Souza, Hana D'Souza, Mark H Johnson, Annette Karmiloff-Smith
Typically-developing (TD) infants can construct unified cross-modal percepts, such as a speaking face, by integrating auditory-visual (AV) information. This skill is a key building block upon which higher-level skills, such as word learning, are built. Because word learning is seriously delayed in most children with neurodevelopmental disorders, we assessed the hypothesis that this delay partly results from a deficit in integrating AV speech cues. AV speech integration has rarely been investigated in neurodevelopmental disorders, and never previously in infants...
August 2016: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27461977/bilingualism-in-children-with-developmental-disorders-a-narrative-review
#11
Elizabeth Kay-Raining Bird, Fred Genesee, Ludo Verhoeven
Children with developmental disabilities (DD) often need and sometimes opt to become bilingual. The context for bilingual acquisition varies considerably and can impact outcomes. In this first article of the special issue, we review research on the timing and amount of bilingual exposure and outcomes of either direct language intervention or educational placements in three groups of children with DD: Specific Language Impairment (SLI), Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD), and Down syndrome (DS). Children with SLI have been studied more than the other two groups...
July 18, 2016: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27456465/down-syndrome-and-fragile-x-syndrome-in-a-colombian-woman-case-report
#12
Wilmar Saldarriaga, Fabian Andres Ruiz, Flora Tassone, Randi Hagerman
BACKGROUND: Down syndrome (DS) and Fragile X syndrome (FXS) are the major genetic causes of intellectual disabilities. Here, we present a case of a 32-year-old woman with the diagnosis of both FXS and DS. She is the daughter of a 47-year-old pre-mutation woman who also has three sons with FXS. METHODS: Cytogenetic testing detected the presence of a complete trisomy 21. A combination of PCR and Southern blot analysis was utilized to document the presence of the FMR1 full mutation...
July 26, 2016: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27387223/adaptation-of-the-macarthur-bates-communicative-development-inventories-for-spanish-children-with-down-syndrome-validity-and-reliability-data-for-vocabulary
#13
Miguel Galeote, Elena Checa, Concepción Sánchez-Palacios, Eugenia Sebastián, Pilar Soto
PURPOSE: The MacArthur-Bates Communicative Development Inventories are widely used to study early language and communicative development. We recently developed a Spanish version for children with Down syndrome (the CDI-Down) adapted to their particular profile of linguistic and communicative development. The principal aims of this study are to assess the concurrent validity and test-retest reliability of the vocabulary section of this adaptation. METHOD: Validation for productive vocabulary (Study 1) was achieved by correlating CDI-Down scores on expressive vocabulary and measures on the basis of spontaneous speech samples (n = 29)...
August 1, 2016: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27355187/opioids-for-restless-legs-syndrome
#14
REVIEW
César Osório de Oliveira, Luciane Bc Carvalho, Karla Carlos, Cristiane Conti, Marcio M de Oliveira, Lucila Bf Prado, Gilmar F Prado
BACKGROUND: Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is a distressing and common neurological disorder that may have a huge impact in the quality of life of those with frequent and intense symptoms. Patients complain of unpleasant sensations in the legs, at or before bedtime, and feel an urge to move the legs, which improves with movement, such as walking. Symptoms start with the patient at rest (e.g. sitting or lying down), and follow a circadian pattern, increasing during the evening or at night...
2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27268119/the-concurrent-and-predictive-validity-of-the-dutch-version-of-the-communicative-development-inventory-in-children-with-down-syndrome-for-the-assessment-of-expressive-vocabulary-in-verbal-and-signed-modalities
#15
S R J M Deckers, Y Van Zaalen, E J M Mens, H Van Balkom, L Verhoeven
The expressive vocabulary of children with Down Syndrome (DS) is generally measured with parental reports, such as the Communicative Development Inventory (CDI), given that standardized tests for assessing vocabulary levels may be too difficult for most young children with DS. The CDI provides important insight into the parents' perception of their child's vocabulary development. The CDI has proven to be a valid measurement of expressive vocabulary, spoken and gestural, in typical and atypical populations. The validity in children with DS is not well established and signed vocabulary is often not included...
September 2016: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27153191/developing-an-informant-questionnaire-for-cognitive-abilities-in-down-syndrome-the-cognitive-scale-for-down-syndrome-cs-ds
#16
Carla M Startin, Erin Rodger, Lucy Fodor-Wynne, Sarah Hamburg, André Strydom
Down syndrome (DS) is the most common genetic cause of intellectual disability (ID). Abilities relating to executive function, memory and language are particularly affected in DS, although there is a large variability across individuals. People with DS also show an increased risk of developing dementia. While assessment batteries have been developed for adults with DS to assess cognitive abilities, these batteries may not be suitable for those with more severe IDs, dementia, or visual / hearing difficulties...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27150499/addressing-phonological-memory-in-language-therapy-with-clients-who-have-down-syndrome-perspectives-of-speech-language-pathologists
#17
Gayle G Faught, Frances A Conners, Angela B Barber, Hannah R Price
BACKGROUND: Phonological memory (PM) plays a significant role in language development but is impaired in individuals with Down syndrome (DS). Without formal recommendations on how to address PM limitations in clients with DS, it is possible speech-language pathologists (SLPs) find ways to do so in their practices. AIMS: This study asked if and how SLPs address PM in language therapy with clients who have DS. It also asked about SLPs' opinions of the importance, practicality and difficulty of addressing PM in clients with DS...
May 5, 2016: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27119215/a-qualitative-analysis-of-imitation-performances-of-preschoolers-with-down-syndrome
#18
Marleen Vanvuchelen
A number of studies suggest that imitation is a characteristic strength in children with Down Syndrome (DS). The present study aims to discover whether imitation performances are qualitatively phenotypical in DS. Eight preschoolers with DS were matched on chronological, mental, language and imitation age with 8 preschoolers with intellectual disability of undifferentiated etiology (ID-UND). Imitation performances on the Preschool Imitation and Praxis Scale were videotaped for blind scoring on 30 possible errors...
May 2016: American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27063682/motor-speech-skills-in-children-with-down-syndrome-a-descriptive-study
#19
Vani Rupela, Shelley L Velleman, Mary V Andrianopoulos
PURPOSE: Motor speech characteristics of children with Down syndrome (DS) have historically been viewed as either Childhood Dysarthria (CD) or, more infrequently, as Childhood Apraxia of Speech (CAS). The objective of this study was to investigate motor speech deficits in a systematic manner, considering characteristics from both CAS and CD. METHOD: Motor speech assessments were carried out on seven 3;4-8;11-year old children with DS in comparison with younger, typically-developing children using a Language-Neutral Assessment of Motor Speech for young children (LAMS)...
October 2016: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27061338/safety-and-efficacy-of-rivastigmine-in-children-with-down-syndrome-a-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial
#20
Gail A Spiridigliozzi, Sarah J Hart, James H Heller, Heather E Schneider, Jane Ann Baker, Cathleen Weadon, George T Capone, Priya S Kishnani
Individuals with Down syndrome (DS) have decreased cholinergic function and an uneven profile of cognitive abilities, with more pronounced deficits in learning, memory, and expressive language. Cholinesterase inhibitors may improve cognitive function in adults and adolescents with DS, but studies in children with DS have been limited. This study aimed to: (i) investigate the safety and efficacy of rivastigmine treatment; (ii) build upon our open-label studies in children with DS in a double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial; and (iii) investigate specific cognitive domains that may respond to rivastigmine treatment...
June 2016: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
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