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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313178/brief-report-caregiver-strategy-implementation-advancing-spoken-communication-in-children-who-are-minimally-verbal
#1
Stephanie Y Shire, Wendy Shih, Connie Kasari
Research has demonstrated that caregivers' use of intervention strategies can support their children's social engagement and communication. However, it is not clear to what degree caregivers must master the strategies to effectively support gains in social communication, specifically, core challenges such as joint attention language (comments). Twenty-two minimally verbal school-age children with autism received a social communication intervention with caregiver coaching. Through 10 min caregiver-child play interactions at eight time points, significant increase were found in children's spontaneous language...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306985/children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-have-unstable-neural-responses-to-sound
#2
Sebastian Otto-Meyer, Jennifer Krizman, Travis White-Schwoch, Nina Kraus
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is diverse, manifesting in a wide array of phenotypes. However, a consistent theme is reduced communicative and social abilities. Auditory processing deficits have been shown in individuals with ASD-these deficits may play a role in the communication difficulties ASD individuals experience. Specifically, children with ASD have delayed neural timing and poorer tracking of a changing pitch relative to their typically developing peers. Given that accurate processing of sound requires highly coordinated and consistent neural activity, we hypothesized that these auditory processing deficits stem from a failure to respond to sound in a consistent manner...
January 6, 2018: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279889/association-of-folic-acid-supplementation-during-pregnancy-with-the-risk-of-autistic-traits-in-children-exposed-to-antiepileptic-drugs-in-utero
#3
Marte Bjørk, Bettina Riedel, Olav Spigset, Gyri Veiby, Eivind Kolstad, Anne Kjersti Daltveit, Nils Erik Gilhus
Importance: Strategies to prevent autism in children exposed to antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) during pregnancy are important. Objective: To explore whether folic acid supplementation and folate status in pregnancy are associated with reduced risk of autistic traits owing to in utero AED exposure. Design, Setting, and Participants: The population-based, prospective Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study approached Norwegian-speaking women attending routine ultrasonographic examinations from June 1999 through December 31, 2008 (163 844 of 277 702 women refused)...
December 26, 2017: JAMA Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29262472/-structural-change-of-the-corpus-callosum-fibers-in-toddlers-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-two-year-follow-up
#4
C Chang, N N Qiu, T Xiao, X Xiao, K K Chu, Y Li, Q R Wu, H Fang, X Y Ke
Objective: To conduct a follow-up investigation of structural changes of the corpus callosum fibers of toddlers (2 to 5 years of age) with autism spectrum disorder(ASD) and to explore the associations with clinical symptoms. Method: In this prospective randomized controlled study, ASD children who were diagnosed in the Child Mental Health Research Center, Nanjing Brain Hospital Affiliated to Nanjing Medical University from May 2011 to November 2012 were included in the ASD group, and developmentally delayed children were included in the control group (DD group)...
December 2, 2017: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29262471/-correlation-between-serum-25-hydroxyvitamin-d-level-and-core-symptoms-of-autism-spectrum-disorder-in-children
#5
H Y Dong, B Wang, H H Li, L Shan, F Y Jia
Objective: To explore the relationship between serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels and core symptoms of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in children. Method: In this cross-sectional study, ASD children 4 to 6 years of age who were diagnosed in Department of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics, First Hospital of Jilin university from January to May 2017 were assigned to ASD group, and children for routine growth and development assessment in Jilin province were assigned to control group. The two groups were well matched for age and sex, and none of them had received vitamin D supplementation...
December 2, 2017: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260380/atypical-pt-anatomy-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-with-expressive-language-deficits
#6
Tracey A Knaus, Jodi Kamps, Anne L Foundas, Helen Tager-Flusberg
Deficits in communication are a core feature of autism spectrum disorder (ASD), however, structural language abilities are highly variable, ranging from minimally verbal to superior linguistic skills. Differences in the anatomy of cortical language regions, including anterior and posterior areas, have been found in ASD. It remains unclear, however, if anatomical differences distinguish individuals with impaired expressive language from those without such deficits. In addition, anatomical differences have not been explored in children with extremely low expressive language...
December 19, 2017: Brain Imaging and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259892/transition-from-early-intervention-program-to-primary-school-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#7
Valsamma Eapen, Rachel Grove, Elizabeth Aylward, Annette V Joosten, Scott I Miller, Gerdamari Van Der Watt, Kathryn Fordyce, Cheryl Dissanayake, Jacqueline Maya, Madonna Tucker, Antonia DeBlasio
AIM: To evaluate the characteristics that are associated with successful transition to school outcomes in preschool aged children with autism. METHODS: Twenty-one participants transitioning from an early intervention program were assessed at two time points; at the end of their preschool placement and approximately 5 mo later following their transition to school. Child characteristics were assessed using the Mullen Scales of Early Learning, Vineland Adaptive Behaviour Scales, Social Communication Questionnaire and the Repetitive Behaviour Scale...
November 8, 2017: World Journal of Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249011/development-of-emotion-self-regulation-among-young-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorders-the-role-of-parents
#8
Amy C Laurent, Kathleen Gorman
Emotional self-regulation (ESR) challenges are well-documented in the diagnostic profiles of children with Autism; however, less is known about the development of ESR and the role of parents in ESR development for this population. Thirty-seven young children with autism and one of their parents participated in a home-based, observational study exploring the associations between the children's social communication and sensory processing characteristics and their parents' behaviors associated with ESR development...
December 16, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248927/differentiating-autism-from-typical-development-preliminary-findings-of-greek-versions-of-a-pragmatic-language-and-social-communication-questionnaire
#9
Yvette Hyter, Ioannis Vogindroukas, Evripidis-Nikolaos Chelas, Konstantinos Paparizos, Eleni Kivrakidou, Vasiliki Kaloudi
OBJECTIVE: A social pragmatic communication disorder is one of the primary characteristics of children with autism. Although several measures of pragmatics and social communication exist, many are not comprehensive, do not examine the quality of interactions across contexts and interlocutors, and cannot be easily administered and interpreted. The aim of this article is to report on preliminary data collected using the Greek version of comprehensive social communication and pragmatic language questionnaires completed by parents and teachers interacting with young children in different contexts...
2017: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248918/issues-in-identification-and-assessment-of-children-with-autism-and-a-proposed-resource-toolkit-for-speech-language-pathologists
#10
Yvette Hus
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) has increased significantly in the last decade as have treatment choices. Nonetheless, the vastly diverse autism topic includes issues related to naming, description, iden-tification, assessment, and differentiation from other neu-rodevelopmental conditions. ASD issues directly impact speech-language pathologists (SLPs) who often see these children as the second contact, after pediatric medical practitioners. Because of shared symptomology, differentiation among neurodevelopmental disorders is crucial as it impacts treatment, educational choices, and the performance trajectory of affected children...
2017: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248909/stimulation-of-executive-functions-as-part-of-the-language-intervention-process-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#11
Ingrid Ya I Sun, Cristina Andrade Varanda, Fernanda Dreux Fernandes
AIMS: Identifying effective methods for stimulating language and communication of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is fundamental to the effective use of available resources to support these children. This pilot study was designed to explore the potential benefits of a program of stimulation of executive functions (SEF) on the functional aspects of language and communication through the assessment of the functional communicative profile and social-cognitive performance. METHODS: Twenty children, aged 5-12 years, with a diagnosis of ASD participated in the study...
2017: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237275/an-exploratory-longitudinal-study-of-social-and-language-outcomes-in-children-with-autism-in-bilingual-home-environments
#12
Vanessa Zhou, Jeffrey A Munson, Jessica Greenson, Yan Hou, Sally Rogers, Annette M Estes
Little is known about outcomes of early intervention for children with autism spectrum disorder reared in bilingual homes. There are concerns that social communication deficits among children with autism spectrum disorder may reduce the developmental benefits of early intervention for children with autism spectrum disorder raised in bilingual environments. We conducted an exploratory analysis of cross-sectional and longitudinal data from a larger study to explore associations between home language environment and language ability and social skills in response to early autism spectrum disorder intervention...
December 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222572/word-processing-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorders-evidence-from-event-related-potentials
#13
Micheal Sandbank, Paul Yoder, Alexandra P Key
Purpose: This investigation was conducted to determine whether young children with autism spectrum disorders exhibited a canonical neural response to word stimuli and whether putative event-related potential (ERP) measures of word processing were correlated with a concurrent measure of receptive language. Additional exploratory analyses were used to examine whether the magnitude of the association between ERP measures of word processing and receptive language varied as a function of the number of word stimuli the participants reportedly understood...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219245/behavior-profiles-of-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-in-kindergarten-comparison-with-other-developmental-disabilities-and-typically-developing-children
#14
Magdalena Janus, Emma Mauti, Matt Horner, Eric Duku, Ayesha Siddiqua, Scott Davies
Monitoring behavior patterns that may be specific to autism spectrum disorder (ASD) at a population level has the potential to improve the allocation of intervention strategies and reduction of the burden of the disease. In Ontario, Canada, developmental data are regularly collected for all kindergarten children with the Early Development Instrument (EDI), a teacher-completed questionnaire that provides information on children's status in five domains: physical, social, emotional, language/cognitive, and communication/general knowledge...
December 8, 2017: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216607/frequency-of-risk-factors-and-coexisting-abnormalities-in-a-population-of-egyptian-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#15
Nagwa Abdel Meguid, Neveen Hassan Nashaat, Heba S Hashem, Mai M Khalil
BACKGROUND: Many risk factors interact together during the critical period of development and govern the future phenotype of autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Furthermore, co-occurring abnormalities among individuals with ASD vary a lot so as their abilities. AIM OF WORK: To investigate possible risk factors and to determine the prevalence of coexisting abnormalities in a sample of Egyptian ASD children and their influence on the severity and their communication performance...
December 1, 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195157/a-meta-analysis-of-the-association-between-vocalizations-and-expressive-language-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#16
REVIEW
Jena McDaniel, Kathryn D'Ambrose Slaboch, Paul Yoder
BACKGROUND: Targeting the frequency or complexity of prelinguistic vocalizations might improve the language trajectory of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) who exhibit continued expressive language deficits. AIMS: This meta-analysis evaluates the strength of the association between various measures of vocalizations and expressive language in young children with ASD and five putative moderators of that association to inform prelinguistic intervention development: consonant-centricity, communicativeness, concurrent versus longitudinal research design, risk for correlated measurement error, and publication status...
November 28, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173721/an-interprofessional-team-approach-to-the-differential-diagnosis-of-children-with-language-disorders
#17
REVIEW
Xueman Lucy Liu, Dawn M Zahrt, Mark D Simms
The ability to communicate effectively with others is central to children's development. Delays or disruptions due to isolated expressive language delay, articulation errors, multiple sound production errors with motor planning deficits, or mixed expressive and receptive language delay, often bring widespread consequences. Physical anomalies, neurologic and genetic disorder, cognitive and intellectual disabilities, and emotional disturbances may affect speech and language development. Communication disorders may be misdiagnosed as intellectual impairment or autism...
February 2018: Pediatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161137/pragmatic-competence-of-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-impact-of-theory-of-mind-verbal-working-memory-adhd-symptoms-and-structural-language
#18
Inmaculada Baixauli-Fortea, Ana Miranda Casas, Carmen Berenguer-Forner, Carla Colomer-Diago, Belén Roselló-Miranda
The primary aim of this study is to increase the existing knowledge about the pragmatic skills of children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Specifically, the study has two objectives. The first is to provide a profile of characteristics based on The Children's Communication Checklist (CCC-2) pragmatics scales (inappropriate initiation, stereotyped language, use of context, nonverbal communication, and general pragmatics) and narrative task indicators. To this end, children with ASD will be compared to children with typical development (TD), controlling the effects of sex and structural language (speech, syntax, semantics, coherence)...
November 21, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158765/usefulness-of-the-korean-developmental-screening-test-for-infants-and-children-for-the-evaluation-of-developmental-delay-in-korean-infants-and-children-a-single-center-study
#19
Chung-Hyuk Yim, Gun-Ha Kim, Baik-Lin Eun
Purpose: To evaluate the usefulness of the Korean Developmental Screening Test (K-DST) for infants and children for developmental delay assessment. Methods: This study was based on retrospective studies of the results of the K-DST, Preschool Receptive-Expressive Language Scale (PRES), Sequenced Language Scale for Infants (SELSI), Childhood Autism Rating Scale (CARS), Modified Checklist for Autism in Toddlers (M-CHAT), electroencephalography, magnetic resonance imaging, and extensive tests conducted in 209 of 1,403 patients, of whom 758 underwent the K-DST at the Korea University Guro Hospital between January 2015 and December 2016 and 645 were referred from local clinics between January 2015 and June 2016...
October 2017: Korean Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153002/the-use-of-behavior-modeling-training-in-a-mobile-app-parent-training-program-to-improve-functional-communication-of-young-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#20
Gloria C Law, Maureen Neihart, Anuradha Dutt
Communication intervention in early life can significantly impact long-term outcomes for young children with autism. Parents can be vital resources in the midst of the current manpower shortage. Map4speech is a new mobile application developed for parents of children with autism spectrum disorder. It is specially designed to provide high-quality, interactive learning, coupled with frequent feedback and live coaching to train parents in a naturalistic language intervention. A multiple-baseline single-case experimental design was conducted across three parent-child dyads...
March 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
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