keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Autism child* communication language

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344564/investigating-the-grammatical-and-pragmatic-origins-of-wh-questions-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorders
#1
Manya Jyotishi, Deborah Fein, Letitia Naigles
Compared to typically developing children, children with autism (ASD) show delayed production of wh-questions. It is currently controversial the degree to which such deficits derive from social-pragmatic requirements and/or because these are complex grammatical structures. The current study employed the intermodal preferential looking (IPL) paradigm, which reduces social-pragmatic demands. The IPL paradigm can help distinguish these proposals, as successful comprehension promotes the "pragmatics-origins" argument whereas comprehension difficulties would implicate a "grammatical-origins" argument...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342166/second-language-exposure-functional-communication-and-executive-function-in-children-with-and-without-autism-spectrum-disorder-asd
#2
Grace Iarocci, Sarah M Hutchison, Gillian O'Toole
Parents and professionals are concerned that second language exposure may delay communication in children with ASD. In this study 174 youth (6-16 years) with and without ASD, exposed to a second language, were compared on executive function (EF) and functional communication (FC) with their peers without exposure. There were no significant differences between groups on age, IQ, and socioeconomic status. Parents reported on language exposure and rated EF and FC skills within everyday social contexts. The findings indicated that second language exposure in children with ASD is not associated with delay in cognitive and functional communication skills rather there was evidence of a reduced clinical impact as indexed by a lower percentage of children whose FC and EF ratings fell within the clinical range...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333849/autism-spectrum-disorder-in-males-with-sex-chromosome-aneuploidy-xxy-klinefelter-syndrome-xyy-and-xxyy
#3
Nicole R Tartaglia, Rebecca Wilson, Judith S Miller, Jessica Rafalko, Lisa Cordeiro, Shanlee Davis, David Hessl, Judith Ross
OBJECTIVE: Neurodevelopmental concerns in males with sex chromosome aneuploidy (SCA) (XXY/Klinefelter syndrome, XYY, XXYY) include symptoms seen in autism spectrum disorder (ASD), such as language impairments and social difficulties. We aimed to: (1) evaluate ASD characteristics in research cohorts of SCA males under DSM-IV compared to DSM-5 criteria, and (2) analyze factors associated with ASD diagnoses in SCA. METHODS: Evaluation of participants with XXY/KS (n=20), XYY (n=57) and XXYY (n=21) included medical history, cognitive/adaptive testing, Social Communication Questionnaire, Social Responsiveness Scale, Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule, Autism Diagnostic Interview-Revised, and DSM ASD criteria...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323454/interaction-behaviors-of-bilingual-parents-with-their-young-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#4
Kristelle Hudry, Lisa Rumney, Nicole Pitt, Josephine Barbaro, Giacomo Vivanti
Given concerns that bilingual exposure might confuse children with disabilities-including autism spectrum disorder (ASD)-bilingual parents may restrict exposure to one language, often the community-dominant language. We investigated a potential consequence of this decision; the possibility that non-native language use might influence parental communicative behaviors during interaction with the child. We recruited 39 parent-child dyads, each with a young child with ASD (mostly boys) and parent/carer (mostly mothers)...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300954/selection-of-words-for-implementation-of-the-picture-exchange-communication-system-pecs-in-non-verbal-autistic-children
#5
Carine Ferreira, Monica Bevilacqua, Mariana Ishihara, Aline Fiori, Aline Armonia, Jacy Perissinoto, Ana Carina Tamanaha
Purpose: It is known that some autistic individuals are considered non-verbal, since they are unable to use verbal language and barely use gestures to compensate for the absence of speech. Therefore, these individuals' ability to communicate may benefit from the use of the Picture Exchange Communication System - PECS. The objective of this study was to verify the most frequently used words in the implementation of PECS in autistic children, and on a complementary basis, to analyze the correlation between the frequency of these words and the rate of maladaptive behaviors...
March 9, 2017: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299880/rates-of-autism-and-potential-risk-factors-in-children-with-congenital-heart-defects
#6
Jessica L Bean Jaworski, Thomas Flynn, Nancy Burnham, Jesse L Chittams, Therese Sammarco, Marsha Gerdes, Judy C Bernbaum, Robert R Clancy, Cynthia B Solot, Elaine H Zackai, Donna M McDonald-McGinn, J William Gaynor
OBJECTIVE: Atypical development, behavioral difficulties, and academic underachievement are common morbidities in children with a history of congenital heart defects and impact quality of life. Language and social-cognitive deficits have been described, which are associated with autism spectrum disorders. The current study aimed to assess the rates of autism spectrum disorders in a large sample of children with a history of congenital heart defects and to assess medical, behavioral, and individual factors that may be associated with the risk of autism spectrum disorders...
March 16, 2017: Congenital Heart Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296973/quantitative-analysis-of-disfluency-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-or-language-impairment
#7
Heather MacFarlane, Kyle Gorman, Rosemary Ingham, Alison Presmanes Hill, Katina Papadakis, Géza Kiss, Jan van Santen
Deficits in social communication, particularly pragmatic language, are characteristic of individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Speech disfluencies may serve pragmatic functions such as cueing speaking problems. Previous studies have found that speakers with ASD differ from typically developing (TD) speakers in the types and patterns of disfluencies they produce, but fail to provide sufficiently detailed characterizations of the methods used to categorize and quantify disfluency, making cross-study comparison difficult...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285893/motor-and-verbal-perspective-taking-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-changes-in-social-interaction-with-people-and-tools
#8
Breanna E Studenka, Sandra L Gillam, Daphne Hartzheim, Ronald B Gillam
BACKGROUND: Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) have difficulty communicating with others nonverbally, via mechanisms such as hand gestures, eye contact and facial expression. Individuals with ASD also have marked deficits in planning future actions (Hughes, 1996), which might contribute to impairments in non-verbal communication. Perspective taking is typically assessed using verbal scenarios whereby the participant imagines how an actor would interact in a social situation (e...
March 9, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263441/-form-is-easy-meaning-is-hard-revisited-re-characterizing-the-strengths-and-weaknesses-of-language-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#9
REVIEW
Letitia R Naigles, Saime Tek
Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) demonstrate impairments in social interaction and communication, and in repetitive/stereotypical behaviors. The degree to which children with ASD also manifest impairments in structural language-such as lexicon and grammar-is currently quite controversial. We reframe this controversy in terms of Naigles' (Naigles, Cognition 2002, 86: 157-199) 'form is easy, meaning is hard' thesis, and propose that the social difficulties of children with ASD will lead the meaning-related components of their language to be relatively more impaired than the form-related components...
March 6, 2017: Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews. Cognitive Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258351/predicting-intentional-communication-in-preverbal-preschoolers-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#10
Micheal Sandbank, Tiffany Woynaroski, Linda R Watson, Elizabeth Gardner, Bahar Keçeli Kaysili, Paul Yoder
Intentional communication has previously been identified as a value-added predictor of expressive language in preverbal preschoolers with autism spectrum disorder. In the present study, we sought to identify value-added predictors of intentional communication. Of five theoretically-motivated putative predictors of intentional communication measured early in the study (at study entry and 4 months after), three had significant zero-order correlations with later intentional communication (12 months after study entry) and were thus added to a linear model that predicted later intentional communication scores controlling for initial intentional communication scores at study entry...
March 4, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256376/-autism-an-early-neurodevelopmental-disorder
#11
F Bonnet-Brilhault
With approximately 67 million individuals affected worldwide, autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is the fastest growing neurodevelopmental disorder (United Nations, 2011), with a prevalence estimated to be 1/100. In France ASD affects approximately 600,000 individuals (from childhood to adulthood, half of whom are also mentally retarded), who thus have a major handicap in communication and in adapting to daily life, which leads autism to be recognized as a national public health priority. ASD is a neurodevelopmental disorder that affects several domains (i...
April 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253736/identification-of-developmental-and-behavioral-markers-associated-with-genetic-abnormalities-in-autism-spectrum-disorder
#12
Somer L Bishop, Cristan Farmer, Vanessa Bal, Elise B Robinson, A Jeremy Willsey, Donna M Werling, Karoline Alexandra Havdahl, Stephan J Sanders, Audrey Thurm
OBJECTIVE: Aside from features associated with risk of neurogenetic syndromes in general (e.g., cognitive impairment), limited progress has been made in identifying phenotype-genotype relationships in autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The objective of this study was to extend work in the Simons Simplex Collection by comparing the phenotypic profiles of ASD probands with or without identified de novo loss of function mutations or copy number variants in high-confidence ASD-associated genes or loci...
March 3, 2017: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236100/brief-report-what-drives-parental-concerns-about-their-18-month-olds-at-familial-risk-for-autism-spectrum-disorder
#13
Elizabeth A Karp, Lisa V Ibañez, Zachary Warren, Wendy L Stone
Parent-reported developmental concerns can be a first step toward further screening and intervention for children at risk for ASD. However, little is known about the extent to which parental well-being and child behavior contribute to parental concerns, especially in families who already have one child with ASD. This study included 54 parents and their 18-month-old high-risk toddlers to examine the extent to which parents' well-being (i.e., parenting stress and self-efficacy), and children's behavior (i.e., expressive language and social communication) contribute to parents' concerns regarding their toddler's development...
February 24, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214050/communication-deficits-and-avoidance-of-angry-faces-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#14
Ana García-Blanco, Concepción López-Soler, Máximo Vento, María Carmen García-Blanco, Belén Gago, Manuel Perea
BACKGROUND: Understanding how emotional faces are processed is important to help characterize the social deficits in Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). AIMS: We examined: (i) whether attention is modulated by emotional facial expression; (ii) the time course of the attentional preferences (short vs. long stimulus presentation rates); and (iii) the association between attentional biases and autistic symptomatology. METHOD AND PROCEDURES: We applied a dot-probe experiment with emotional faces (happy, sad, and angry)...
March 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209607/parenting-for-autism-language-and-communication-evaluation-study-palaces-protocol-for-a-pilot-randomised-controlled-trial
#15
Margiad Elen Williams, Richard Hastings, Joanna Mary Charles, Sue Evans, Judy Hutchings
INTRODUCTION: Children with autistic spectrum disorder (ASD) often have associated behavioural difficulties that can present a challenge for parents and parenting. There are several effective social learning theory-based parenting programmes for dealing with behavioural difficulties, including the Incredible Years (IY) parent programmes. However, these programmes typically do not specifically target parents of children with ASD. Recently, a new addition to the IY suite of programmes known as the IY Autistic Spectrum and Language Delays (IY-ASLD) parent programme was developed...
February 16, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196376/autism-and-bilingualism-a-qualitative-interview-study-of-parents-perspectives-and-experiences
#16
Sarah Hampton, Hugh Rabagliati, Antonella Sorace, Sue Fletcher-Watson
Purpose: Research into how bilingual parents of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) make choices about their children's language environment is scarce. This study aimed to explore this issue, focusing on understanding how bilingual parents of children with ASD may make different language exposure choices compared with bilingual parents of children without ASD. Method: Semistructured qualitative interviews were conducted with 17 bilingual parents with a child with ASD and 18 bilingual parents with a typically developing (TD) child...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181042/should-we-change-targets-and-methods-of-early-intervention-in-autism-in-favor-of-a-strengths-based-education
#17
Laurent Mottron
Early intensive behavioral intervention (EIBI) and its recent variant, naturalist developmental behavioral intervention (NDBI) aim to increase socialization and communication, and to decrease repetitive and challenging behaviors in preschool age autistic children. These behaviorist techniques are based on the precocity and intensity of the intervention, face-to-face interaction, errorless learning, and information fragmentation. Once considered to be "scientifically proven", the efficacy of these approaches has been called into question in the last decade due to poor-quality data, small effects, low cost-efficiency, and the evolution of ethical and societal standards...
February 8, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177061/remote-follow-up-to-speech-language-intervention-for-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorders-asd-parents-feedback-regarding-structured-activities
#18
Milene Rossi Pereira Barbosa, Fernanda Dreux Miranda Fernandes
Purpose: This paper aims to present the first descriptions of experiences of parents and caretakers of children with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) enrolled as mediators in a structured program of speech-language intervention with remote follow-up. Methods: Research with focus on speech-language intervention for children with ASD was carried out with remote follow-up. Forty parents were instructed to perform daily activities focused on communication and interaction with their children, at home, for a period of six weeks...
February 6, 2017: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168003/cognitive-and-adaptive-correlates-of-an-ados-derived-joint-attention-composite
#19
Ashley Johnson Harrison, Zhenqiu Laura Lu, Rebecca L McLean, Stephen J Sheinkopf
Joint attention skills have been shown to predict language outcomes in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Less is known about the relationship between joint attention (JA) abilities in children with ASD and cognitive and adaptive abilities. In the current study, a subset of items from the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule (ADOS), designed to quantify JA abilities, were used to investigate social attention among an unusually large cross-sectional sample of children with ASD (n = 1061). An examination of the association between JA and a range of functional correlates (cognitive and adaptive) revealed JA was significantly related to verbal (VIQ) and non-verbal (NVIQ) cognitive ability as well as all domains of adaptive functioning (socialization, communication, and daily living skills)...
September 2016: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161297/signaling-of-noncomprehension-in-communication-breakdowns-in-fragile-x-syndrome-down-syndrome-and-autism-spectrum-disorder
#20
Gary E Martin, Jamie Barstein, Jane Hornickel, Sara Matherly, Genna Durante, Molly Losh
The ability to indicate a failure to understand a message is a critical pragmatic (social) language skill for managing communication breakdowns and supporting successful communicative exchanges. The current study examined the ability to signal noncomprehension across different types of confusing message conditions in children and adolescents with fragile X syndrome (FXS), Down syndrome (DS), autism spectrum disorder (ASD), and typical development (TD). Controlling for nonverbal mental age and receptive vocabulary skills, youth with comorbid FXS and ASD and those with DS were less likely than TD controls to signal noncomprehension of confusing messages...
January 2017: Journal of Communication Disorders
keyword
keyword
82183
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"