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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503663/the-communication-play-protocol-capturing-variations-in-language-development
#1
Lauren B Adamson, Roger Bakeman
The Communication Play Protocol (CPP) is a semi-naturalistic, lab-based observational procedure that showcases parent-child interactions. This article reflects on how the CPP has matured since we described it over 25 years ago in the May 1999 issue of Perspectives. We emphasize how the CPP has provided us with a stable frame to observe both typically developing children and children with developmental challenges including autism spectrum disorder as they communicate with caregivers in a range of contexts. We also describe three versions of the CPP that have been designed to address different research questions and several methods including engagement state coding and rating items that have been used to extract data from video records of the CPP...
December 2016: Perspect ASHA Spec Interest Groups
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488902/designing-augmentative-and-alternative-communication-applications-the-results-of-focus-groups-with-speech-language-pathologists-and-parents-of-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#2
Jamie B Boster, John W McCarthy
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to gain insight from speech-language pathologists (SLPs) and parents of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) regarding appealing features of augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) applications. METHOD: Two separate 1-hour focus groups were conducted with 8 SLPs and 5 parents of children with ASD to identify appealing design features of AAC Apps, their benefits and potential concerns. Participants were shown novel interface designs for communication mode, play mode and incentive systems...
May 10, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482683/problem-solving-styles-in-autism-spectrum-disorder-and-the-development-of-higher-cognitive-functions
#3
Paul A Constable, Melanie Ring, Sebastian B Gaigg, Dermot M Bowler
The Vygotsky Blocks Test assesses problem-solving styles within a theoretical framework for the development of higher mental processes devised by Vygotsky. Because both the theory and the associated test situate cognitive development within the child's social and linguistic context, they address conceptual issues around the developmental relation between language and thought that are pertinent to development in autism. Our aim was to document the performance of adults with autism spectrum disorder on the Vygotsky Blocks Test, and our results showed that they made more errors than the typically developing participants and that these errors correlated with performance IQ...
May 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470886/theory-of-mind-in-sli-revisited-links-with-syntax-comparisons-with-asd
#4
Stephanie Durrleman, Morgane Burnel, Anne Reboul
BACKGROUND: According to the linguistic determinism approach, knowledge of sentential complements such as: John says that the earth is flat plays a crucial role in theory of mind (ToM) development by providing a means to represent explicitly people's mental attitudes and beliefs. This approach predicts that mastery of complements determines successful belief reasoning across explicit ToM tasks, even low-verbal ones, and across populations. AIMS: (1) To investigate the link between a low-verbal ToM-task and complements in Specific Language Impairment (SLI), (2) To determine whether this population shows similar ToM performance to that of children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) or those with Typical Development (TD) once these groups are matched on competency for complements, (3) To explore whether complements conveying a falsehood without jeopardizing the veracity of the entire sentence, such as complements of verbs of communication, are more crucial for belief attribution than complements which do not have this property, namely complements of verbs of perception, (?John sees that the earth is flat)...
May 4, 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433195/predicting-successful-dental-examinations-for-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-in-the-context-of-a-dental-desensitization-program
#5
Travis Nelson, Amelia Chim, Barbara L Sheller, Christy M McKinney, JoAnna M Scott
BACKGROUND: The authors evaluated the effectiveness of a dental desensitization program for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and determined characteristics associated with a successful dental examination. METHODS: The authors performed a retrospective review of clinical behavioral data and previsit questionnaires for 168 children with ASD who attended a university-based dental desensitization program. Data elements included demographic, treatment, and behavioral characteristics...
April 19, 2017: Journal of the American Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406248/sensory-defects-and-developmental-delay-among-children-with-congenital-rubella-syndrome
#6
Michiko Toizumi, Giang Thi Huong Nguyen, Hideki Motomura, Thanh Huu Nguyen, Enga Pham, Ken-Ichi Kaneko, Masafumi Uematsu, Hien Anh Thi Nguyen, Duc Anh Dang, Masahiro Hashizume, Lay-Myint Yoshida, Hiroyuki Moriuchi
This study investigated the features of developmental difficulties combined with sensory defects in children with congenital rubella syndrome (CRS). Following a large rubella outbreak in Khanh Hoa Province, Vietnam, in 2011, we enrolled 41 children with CRS from September 2011 through May 2013. Fourteen participants died and six became untraceable by October 2013; the remaining 21 children were followed up from 2013 to 2015. Thirteen and seven participants had hearing and functional ophthalmological impairment, respectively...
April 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393350/randomised-trial-of-a-parent-mediated-intervention-for-infants-at-high-risk-for-autism-longitudinal-outcomes-to-age-3%C3%A2-years
#7
J Green, A Pickles, G Pasco, R Bedford, M W Wan, M Elsabbagh, V Slonims, T Gliga, E J H Jones, C H M Cheung, T Charman, M H Johnson
BACKGROUND: There has been increasing interest in the potential for pre-emptive interventions in the prodrome of autism, but little investigation as to their effect. METHODS: A two-site, two-arm assessor-blinded randomised controlled trial (RCT) of a 12-session parent-mediated social communication intervention delivered between 9 and 14 months of age (Intervention in the British Autism Study of Infant Siblings-Video Interaction for Promoting Positive Parenting), against no intervention...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348195/impact-of-the-early-start-denver-model-on-the-cognitive-level-of-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial-using-a-two-stage-zelen-design
#8
Sandrine Touzet, Pauline Occelli, Carmen Schröder, Sabine Manificat, Ludovic Gicquel, Razvana Stanciu, Marie Schaer, Marie-Joelle Oreve, Mario Speranza, Angelique Denis, Amelie Zelmar, Bruno Falissard, Nicolas Georgieff, Stephane Bahrami, Marie-Maude Geoffray
INTRODUCTION: Early intervention for autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in the European French-speaking countries is heterogeneous and poorly evaluated to date. Early intervention units applying the Early Start Denver Model (ESDM) for toddlers and young children with ASD have been created in France and Belgium to improve this situation. It is essential to evaluate this intervention for the political decision-making process regarding ASD interventions in European French-speaking countries...
March 27, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344564/investigating-the-grammatical-and-pragmatic-origins-of-wh-questions-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorders
#9
Manya Jyotishi, Deborah Fein, Letitia Naigles
Compared to typically developing children, children with autism (ASD) show delayed production of wh-questions. It is currently controversial the degree to which such deficits derive from social-pragmatic requirements and/or because these are complex grammatical structures. The current study employed the intermodal preferential looking (IPL) paradigm, which reduces social-pragmatic demands. The IPL paradigm can help distinguish these proposals, as successful comprehension promotes the "pragmatics-origins" argument whereas comprehension difficulties would implicate a "grammatical-origins" argument...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342166/second-language-exposure-functional-communication-and-executive-function-in-children-with-and-without-autism-spectrum-disorder-asd
#10
Grace Iarocci, Sarah M Hutchison, Gillian O'Toole
Parents and professionals are concerned that second language exposure may delay communication in children with ASD. In this study 174 youth (6-16 years) with and without ASD, exposed to a second language, were compared on executive function (EF) and functional communication (FC) with their peers without exposure. There were no significant differences between groups on age, IQ, and socioeconomic status. Parents reported on language exposure and rated EF and FC skills within everyday social contexts. The findings indicated that second language exposure in children with ASD is not associated with delay in cognitive and functional communication skills rather there was evidence of a reduced clinical impact as indexed by a lower percentage of children whose FC and EF ratings fell within the clinical range...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333849/autism-spectrum-disorder-in-males-with-sex-chromosome-aneuploidy-xxy-klinefelter-syndrome-xyy-and-xxyy
#11
Nicole R Tartaglia, Rebecca Wilson, Judith S Miller, Jessica Rafalko, Lisa Cordeiro, Shanlee Davis, David Hessl, Judith Ross
OBJECTIVE: Neurodevelopmental concerns in males with sex chromosome aneuploidy (SCA) (XXY/Klinefelter syndrome, XYY, XXYY) include symptoms seen in autism spectrum disorder (ASD), such as language impairments and social difficulties. We aimed to: (1) evaluate ASD characteristics in research cohorts of SCA males under DSM-IV compared to DSM-5 criteria, and (2) analyze factors associated with ASD diagnoses in SCA. METHODS: Evaluation of participants with XXY/KS (n=20), XYY (n=57) and XXYY (n=21) included medical history, cognitive/adaptive testing, Social Communication Questionnaire, Social Responsiveness Scale, Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule, Autism Diagnostic Interview-Revised, and DSM ASD criteria...
April 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323454/interaction-behaviors-of-bilingual-parents-with-their-young-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#12
Kristelle Hudry, Lisa Rumney, Nicole Pitt, Josephine Barbaro, Giacomo Vivanti
Given concerns that bilingual exposure might confuse children with disabilities-including autism spectrum disorder (ASD)-bilingual parents may restrict exposure to one language, often the community-dominant language. We investigated a potential consequence of this decision; the possibility that non-native language use might influence parental communicative behaviors during interaction with the child. We recruited 39 parent-child dyads, each with a young child with ASD (mostly boys) and parent/carer (mostly mothers)...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300954/selection-of-words-for-implementation-of-the-picture-exchange-communication-system-pecs-in-non-verbal-autistic-children
#13
Carine Ferreira, Monica Bevilacqua, Mariana Ishihara, Aline Fiori, Aline Armonia, Jacy Perissinoto, Ana Carina Tamanaha
Purpose: It is known that some autistic individuals are considered non-verbal, since they are unable to use verbal language and barely use gestures to compensate for the absence of speech. Therefore, these individuals' ability to communicate may benefit from the use of the Picture Exchange Communication System - PECS. The objective of this study was to verify the most frequently used words in the implementation of PECS in autistic children, and on a complementary basis, to analyze the correlation between the frequency of these words and the rate of maladaptive behaviors...
March 9, 2017: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299880/rates-of-autism-and-potential-risk-factors-in-children-with-congenital-heart-defects
#14
Jessica L Bean Jaworski, Thomas Flynn, Nancy Burnham, Jesse L Chittams, Therese Sammarco, Marsha Gerdes, Judy C Bernbaum, Robert R Clancy, Cynthia B Solot, Elaine H Zackai, Donna M McDonald-McGinn, J William Gaynor
OBJECTIVE: Atypical development, behavioral difficulties, and academic underachievement are common morbidities in children with a history of congenital heart defects and impact quality of life. Language and social-cognitive deficits have been described, which are associated with autism spectrum disorders. The current study aimed to assess the rates of autism spectrum disorders in a large sample of children with a history of congenital heart defects and to assess medical, behavioral, and individual factors that may be associated with the risk of autism spectrum disorders...
March 16, 2017: Congenital Heart Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296973/quantitative-analysis-of-disfluency-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-or-language-impairment
#15
Heather MacFarlane, Kyle Gorman, Rosemary Ingham, Alison Presmanes Hill, Katina Papadakis, Géza Kiss, Jan van Santen
Deficits in social communication, particularly pragmatic language, are characteristic of individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Speech disfluencies may serve pragmatic functions such as cueing speaking problems. Previous studies have found that speakers with ASD differ from typically developing (TD) speakers in the types and patterns of disfluencies they produce, but fail to provide sufficiently detailed characterizations of the methods used to categorize and quantify disfluency, making cross-study comparison difficult...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285893/motor-and-verbal-perspective-taking-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-changes-in-social-interaction-with-people-and-tools
#16
Breanna E Studenka, Sandra L Gillam, Daphne Hartzheim, Ronald B Gillam
BACKGROUND: Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) have difficulty communicating with others nonverbally, via mechanisms such as hand gestures, eye contact and facial expression. Individuals with ASD also have marked deficits in planning future actions (Hughes, 1996), which might contribute to impairments in non-verbal communication. Perspective taking is typically assessed using verbal scenarios whereby the participant imagines how an actor would interact in a social situation (e...
March 9, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263441/-form-is-easy-meaning-is-hard-revisited-re-characterizing-the-strengths-and-weaknesses-of-language-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#17
REVIEW
Letitia R Naigles, Saime Tek
Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) demonstrate impairments in social interaction and communication, and in repetitive/stereotypical behaviors. The degree to which children with ASD also manifest impairments in structural language-such as lexicon and grammar-is currently quite controversial. We reframe this controversy in terms of Naigles' (Naigles, Cognition 2002, 86: 157-199) 'form is easy, meaning is hard' thesis, and propose that the social difficulties of children with ASD will lead the meaning-related components of their language to be relatively more impaired than the form-related components...
March 6, 2017: Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews. Cognitive Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258351/predicting-intentional-communication-in-preverbal-preschoolers-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#18
Micheal Sandbank, Tiffany Woynaroski, Linda R Watson, Elizabeth Gardner, Bahar Keçeli Kaysili, Paul Yoder
Intentional communication has previously been identified as a value-added predictor of expressive language in preverbal preschoolers with autism spectrum disorder. In the present study, we sought to identify value-added predictors of intentional communication. Of five theoretically-motivated putative predictors of intentional communication measured early in the study (at study entry and 4 months after), three had significant zero-order correlations with later intentional communication (12 months after study entry) and were thus added to a linear model that predicted later intentional communication scores controlling for initial intentional communication scores at study entry...
June 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256376/-autism-an-early-neurodevelopmental-disorder
#19
F Bonnet-Brilhault
With approximately 67 million individuals affected worldwide, autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is the fastest growing neurodevelopmental disorder (United Nations, 2011), with a prevalence estimated to be 1/100. In France ASD affects approximately 600,000 individuals (from childhood to adulthood, half of whom are also mentally retarded), who thus have a major handicap in communication and in adapting to daily life, which leads autism to be recognized as a national public health priority. ASD is a neurodevelopmental disorder that affects several domains (i...
April 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253736/identification-of-developmental-and-behavioral-markers-associated-with-genetic-abnormalities-in-autism-spectrum-disorder
#20
Somer L Bishop, Cristan Farmer, Vanessa Bal, Elise B Robinson, A Jeremy Willsey, Donna M Werling, Karoline Alexandra Havdahl, Stephan J Sanders, Audrey Thurm
OBJECTIVE: Aside from features associated with risk of neurogenetic syndromes in general (e.g., cognitive impairment), limited progress has been made in identifying phenotype-genotype relationships in autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The objective of this study was to extend work in the Simons Simplex Collection by comparing the phenotypic profiles of ASD probands with or without identified de novo loss of function mutations or copy number variants in high-confidence ASD-associated genes or loci...
March 3, 2017: American Journal of Psychiatry
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