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Autism child* communication language

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727482/atypical-preference-for-infant-directed-speech-as-an-early-marker-of-autism-spectrum-disorders-a-literature-review-and-directions-for-further-research
#1
Marisa G Filipe, Linda Watson, Selene G Vicente, Sónia Frota
Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) refer to a complex group of neurodevelopmental disorders causing difficulties with communication and interpersonal relationships, as well as restricted and repetitive behaviours and interests. As early identification, diagnosis, and intervention provide better long-term outcomes, early markers of ASD have gained increased research attention. This review examines evidence that auditory processing enhanced by social interest, in particular auditory preference of speech directed towards infants and young children (i...
July 20, 2017: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714100/why-is-it-so-hard-to-reach-agreement-on-terminology-the-case-of-developmental-language-disorder-dld
#2
Dorothy V M Bishop
A recent project entitled CATALISE used the Delphi method to reach a consensus on terminology for unexplained language problems in children. 'Developmental language disorder' (DLD) was the term agreed by a panel of 57 experts. Here I reflect on points of difficulty that arose when attempting to reach a consensus, using qualitative information from comments made by panel members to illustrate the kinds of argument used. One issue of debate was the use of labels, in particular the term 'disorder', which was seen as having both pros and cons...
July 17, 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705637/-do-children-with-attention-deficit-and-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd-have-a-diferent-gait-pattern-relationship-between-idiopathic-toe-walking-and-adhd
#3
Víctor Soto Insuga, Beatriz Moreno Vinués, Rebeca Losada Del Pozo, María Rodrigo Moreno, Marta Martínez González, Raquel Cutillas Ruiz, Carmen Mateos Carmen
INTRODUCTION: Idiopathic toe-walking (ITW) is described as a gait pattern with no contact between the heels and the ground in children older than 3years. The diagnosis is clinical, making it necessary to rule out other neurological and orthopaedic conditions. A relationship between ITW and vestibular dysfunction and/or proprioceptive sensibility has been proposed. Children with neurodevelopmental disorders (autism, language and cognitive disorders) often have ITW. OBJECTIVES: To determine the frequency of ITW in children with attention deficit disorder and hyperactivity (ADHD)...
July 10, 2017: Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (A.E.P.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695437/quantitative-aspects-of-communicative-impairment-ascertained-in-a-large-national-survey-of-japanese-children
#4
Manabu Oi, Hiroshi Fujino, Naotake Tsukidate, Yoko Kamio, Yuko Yoshimura, Mitsuru Kikuchi, Chiaki Hasegawa, Keiko Gondou, Tomoko Matsui
The Japanese version of the Children's Communication Checklist-2 (CCC-2) was rated by caregivers in a large national population sample of 22,871 children aged 3-15 years. The General Communication Composite (GCC) of the CCC-2 exhibited a distribution with a single-factor structure. The GCC distribution between autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and language impairment (LI) groups in the general population fit inside a bell curve with significant overlap with the general population, and a continuum was evident between groups...
July 10, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686564/asperger-syndrome-and-schizophrenia-%C3%AE-eurodevelopmental-continuum-or-separated-clinical-entities
#5
Chr Anomitri, H Lazaratou
This article is an overview of the literature on Asperger's syndrome and schizophrenia and aim to discuss their similarities and differences. Eugen Bleuler who associated the terms "schizophrenia" and "autism" a century ago, viewed autism as a form of solitude of schizophrenic patients representing withdrawal from reality. Ever since, there has been confusion as to the boundaries between these conditions. Nowadays recent research, from a variety of perspectives-genomics, neurodevelopment, psychiatry, etc. has given new information on these conditions...
April 2017: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675255/-communicative-and-social-adaptive-profile-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-new-approach-based-on-the-dsm-5-criteria
#6
D Garrido, M Garcia-Fernandez, R Garcia-Retamero, G Carballo
INTRODUCTION: Following the adoption of the new international diagnosis classification from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM-5), autism spectrum disorder (ASD) has been established as a dimensional category that includes other disorders that were previously considered as separate entities. Previous research has shown that some people with this disorder exhibit different communicative and linguistic profiles. Therefore, contradictory results could be found among people who receive the same diagnosis...
July 16, 2017: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662345/comprehension-of-presuppositions-in-school-age-cantonese-speaking-children-with-and-without-autism-spectrum-disorders
#7
Candice Chi-Hang Cheung, Stephen Politzer-Ahles, Heeju Hwang, Ronald Lung Yat Chui, Man Tak Leung, Tempo Po Yi Tang
While an enormous amount of research has been done on the deficient conversation skills in individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASD), little is known about their performance on presuppositions, a domain of knowledge that is crucial for successful communication. This study investigated the comprehension of four types of presupposition, namely existential, factive, lexical and structural presuppositions, in school-age Cantonese-speaking children with and without ASD. A group of children with ASD (n = 21), mean age 8...
June 29, 2017: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645986/feasibility-study-of-a-randomised-controlled-trial-to-investigate-the-effectiveness-of-using-a-humanoid-robot-to-improve-the-social-skills-of-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-kaspar-rct-a-study-protocol
#8
Silvana E Mengoni, Karen Irvine, Deepshikha Thakur, Garry Barton, Kerstin Dautenhahn, Karen Guldberg, Ben Robins, David Wellsted, Shivani Sharma
INTRODUCTION: Interventions using robot-assisted therapy may be beneficial for the social skills development of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD); however, randomised controlled trials (RCTs) are lacking. The present research aims to assess the feasibility of conducting an RCT evaluating the effectiveness of a social skills intervention using Kinesics and Synchronisation in Personal Assistant Robotics (Kaspar) with children with ASD. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: Forty children will be recruited...
June 22, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633887/visual-integration-of-fear-and-anger-emotional-cues-by-children-on-the-autism-spectrum-and-neurotypical-peers-an-eeg-study
#9
Evie Malaia, Debbie Cockerham, Katherine Rublein
Communication deficits in children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are often related to inefficient interpretation of emotional cues, which are conveyed visually through both facial expressions and body language (Apicella et al., 2012). The present study examined ASD behavioral and ERP responses to emotional expressions of anger and fear, as conveyed by the face and body. Behavioral results showed significantly faster response times for the ASD than for the typically developing (TD) group when processing fear, but not anger, in isolated face expressions, isolated body expressions, and in the integration of the two...
June 17, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632303/audition-specific-temporal-processing-deficits-associated-with-language-function-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#10
Jennifer H Foss-Feig, Kimberly B Schauder, Alexandra P Key, Mark T Wallace, Wendy L Stone
Sensory processing alterations are highly prevalent in autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Neurobiologically-based theories of ASD propose that abnormalities in the processing of temporal aspects of sensory input could underlie core symptoms of ASD. For example, rapid auditory temporal processing is critical for speech perception, and language difficulties are central to the social communication deficits defining the disorder. This study assessed visual and auditory temporal processing abilities and tested their relation to core ASD symptoms...
June 20, 2017: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624962/the-scope-and-nature-of-reading-comprehension-impairments-in-school-aged-children-with-higher-functioning-autism-spectrum-disorder
#11
Nancy S McIntyre, Emily J Solari, Joseph E Gonzales, Marjorie Solomon, Lindsay E Lerro, Stephanie Novotny, Tasha M Oswald, Peter C Mundy
This study of 8-16-year-olds was designed to test the hypothesis that reading comprehension impairments are part of the social communication phenotype for many higher-functioning students with autism spectrum disorder (HFASD). Students with HFASD (n = 81) were compared to those with high attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder symptomatology (ADHD; n = 39), or typical development (TD; n = 44), on a comprehensive battery of oral language, word recognition, and reading comprehension measures. Results indicated that students with HFASD performed significantly lower on the majority of the reading and language tasks as compared to TD and ADHD groups...
June 17, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608733/differential-profiles-of-four-groups-of-children-referred-to-an-autism-diagnostic-service-in-belgium-autism-specific-hallmarks
#12
Sophie Carlier, Nastasia Kurzeja, Lesley Ducenne, Nathalie Pauwen, Christophe Leys, Véronique Delvenne
OBJECTIVE: This article aims at exploring distinctive hallmarks of autistic disorders compared to other groups presenting mimicking and/or overlapping conditions. METHOD: The exploratory study involved 196 children with autism, intellectual disability, language impairment and psycho-affective disorders previously referred to an autism diagnostic service. The autism discriminative tool (ADT), a behavioural checklist, was used to compile and analyse the children's profiles based on the clinical information gathered during diagnostic assessments...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disabilities: JOID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562251/reducing-information-s-speed-improves-verbal-cognition-and-behavior-in-autism-a-2-cases-report
#13
Carole Tardif, Laura Latzko, Thomas Arciszewski, Bruno Gepner
According to the temporal theory of autism spectrum disorders (ASDs), audiovisual changes in environment, particularly those linked to facial and verbal language, are often too fast to be faced, perceived, and/or interpreted online by many children with ASD, which could help explain their facial, verbal, and/or socioemotional interaction impairments. Our goal here was to test for the first time the impact of slowed-down audiovisual information on verbal cognition and behavior in 2 boys with ASD and verbal delay...
May 3, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536956/improving-functional-language-and-social-motivation-with-a-parent-mediated-intervention-for-toddlers-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#14
Jessica Bradshaw, Lynn Kern Koegel, Robert L Koegel
Recent research suggests that children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) may now be reliably identified in later infancy, highlighting the need for empirically-validated interventions for infants and toddlers with early symptoms of ASD. Using a multiple baseline design across 15- to 21-month-old toddlers, this study implemented a brief, parent-mediated, Pivotal Response Treatment program, focusing on improving expressive communication. The results indicated that verbal communication improved as a consequence of the intervention, with concomitant improvements in untreated areas for all participants...
August 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503663/the-communication-play-protocol-capturing-variations-in-language-development
#15
Lauren B Adamson, Roger Bakeman
The Communication Play Protocol (CPP) is a semi-naturalistic, lab-based observational procedure that showcases parent-child interactions. This article reflects on how the CPP has matured since we described it over 25 years ago in the May 1999 issue of Perspectives. We emphasize how the CPP has provided us with a stable frame to observe both typically developing children and children with developmental challenges including autism spectrum disorder as they communicate with caregivers in a range of contexts. We also describe three versions of the CPP that have been designed to address different research questions and several methods including engagement state coding and rating items that have been used to extract data from video records of the CPP...
December 2016: Perspectives of the ASHA special interest groups
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488902/designing-augmentative-and-alternative-communication-applications-the-results-of-focus-groups-with-speech-language-pathologists-and-parents-of-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#16
Jamie B Boster, John W McCarthy
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to gain insight from speech-language pathologists (SLPs) and parents of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) regarding appealing features of augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) applications. METHOD: Two separate 1-hour focus groups were conducted with 8 SLPs and 5 parents of children with ASD to identify appealing design features of AAC Apps, their benefits and potential concerns. Participants were shown novel interface designs for communication mode, play mode and incentive systems...
May 10, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482683/problem-solving-styles-in-autism-spectrum-disorder-and-the-development-of-higher-cognitive-functions
#17
Paul A Constable, Melanie Ring, Sebastian B Gaigg, Dermot M Bowler
The Vygotsky Blocks Test assesses problem-solving styles within a theoretical framework for the development of higher mental processes devised by Vygotsky. Because both the theory and the associated test situate cognitive development within the child's social and linguistic context, they address conceptual issues around the developmental relation between language and thought that are pertinent to development in autism. Our aim was to document the performance of adults with autism spectrum disorder on the Vygotsky Blocks Test, and our results showed that they made more errors than the typically developing participants and that these errors correlated with performance IQ...
May 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470886/theory-of-mind-in-sli-revisited-links-with-syntax-comparisons-with-asd
#18
Stephanie Durrleman, Morgane Burnel, Anne Reboul
BACKGROUND: According to the linguistic determinism approach, knowledge of sentential complements such as: John says that the earth is flat plays a crucial role in theory of mind (ToM) development by providing a means to represent explicitly people's mental attitudes and beliefs. This approach predicts that mastery of complements determines successful belief reasoning across explicit ToM tasks, even low-verbal ones, and across populations. AIMS: (1) To investigate the link between a low-verbal ToM-task and complements in Specific Language Impairment (SLI), (2) To determine whether this population shows similar ToM performance to that of children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) or those with Typical Development (TD) once these groups are matched on competency for complements, (3) To explore whether complements conveying a falsehood without jeopardizing the veracity of the entire sentence, such as complements of verbs of communication, are more crucial for belief attribution than complements which do not have this property, namely complements of verbs of perception, (?John sees that the earth is flat)...
May 4, 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433195/predicting-successful-dental-examinations-for-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-in-the-context-of-a-dental-desensitization-program
#19
Travis Nelson, Amelia Chim, Barbara L Sheller, Christy M McKinney, JoAnna M Scott
BACKGROUND: The authors evaluated the effectiveness of a dental desensitization program for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and determined characteristics associated with a successful dental examination. METHODS: The authors performed a retrospective review of clinical behavioral data and previsit questionnaires for 168 children with ASD who attended a university-based dental desensitization program. Data elements included demographic, treatment, and behavioral characteristics...
April 19, 2017: Journal of the American Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406248/sensory-defects-and-developmental-delay-among-children-with-congenital-rubella-syndrome
#20
Michiko Toizumi, Giang Thi Huong Nguyen, Hideki Motomura, Thanh Huu Nguyen, Enga Pham, Ken-Ichi Kaneko, Masafumi Uematsu, Hien Anh Thi Nguyen, Duc Anh Dang, Masahiro Hashizume, Lay-Myint Yoshida, Hiroyuki Moriuchi
This study investigated the features of developmental difficulties combined with sensory defects in children with congenital rubella syndrome (CRS). Following a large rubella outbreak in Khanh Hoa Province, Vietnam, in 2011, we enrolled 41 children with CRS from September 2011 through May 2013. Fourteen participants died and six became untraceable by October 2013; the remaining 21 children were followed up from 2013 to 2015. Thirteen and seven participants had hearing and functional ophthalmological impairment, respectively...
April 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
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