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bariatric endoscopy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152299/gastrointestinal-stromal-tumor-an-incidental-finding-during-laparoscopic-bariatric-surgery
#1
Shireesh Saurabh
Gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) is the most common mesenchymal tumor of the gastrointestinal tract. Lack of clinical symptoms and findings on preoperative upper endoscopy makes its diagnosis difficult in bariatric patients. A laparoscopic resection of the gastric GIST during bariatric surgery is associated with good long-term prognosis.
November 2017: Clinical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072419/endoscopic-treatment-of-obesity-and-complications-after-bariatric-surgery
#2
Tobias Schlosser, Juergen Feisthammel, Joachim Moessner, Albrecht Hoffmeister
Prevalence and incidence of obesity in the population has been increasing for decades. Due to associated comorbidities, treatment of obesity has become a global health topic and should be addressed with multimodal strategies. As conservative treatment has high rates of failure, bariatric surgery is often performed, especially in cases of severe obesity. However, interventional endoscopic options are gaining importance as less invasive approach. Intragastric balloons and duodenojejunal bypass liners are the most frequent applied endoscopic therapies...
December 2017: Minerva Chirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072080/gettemo-position-statement-on-bariatric-endoscopic-techniques-as-a-voluntary-medicine
#3
Javier Nebreda Durán, Eduard Espinet Coll
Dear Editor, We would like to clarify certain points in the article by C. Dolz et al. entitled "Informed consent in digestive endoscopy - Patient information, endoscopist protection", more specifically regarding the section "Obesity treatments". First, we want to congratulate the authors for their highly relevant yearlong research of the medico-legal aspects of Spanish endoscopy and for sharing their knowledge with endoscopists on a national level. With regard to the endoscopic management of obesity, we consider that the informed consent process should be even more comprehensive than that with other endoscopic techniques...
October 23, 2017: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965290/endoscopic-treatments-for-obesity
#4
REVIEW
Gregory Pajot, Gerardo Calderon, Andrés Acosta
Purpose of review Endoscopic bariatric therapy (EBT) is a rapidly developing area that has now seen FDA approval of six endoscopic bariatric devices and procedures and there are a number of other novel EBTs progressing through various stages of development with newly published findings. This paper aims to assist readers in either selecting an appropriate therapy for their patient or deciding to incorporate these therapies into their practice. This paper provides an updated review of the available data on EBTs, both FDA approved and not, with a particular focus on effectiveness and safety, as well as guidance for discussing with your patient the decision to use endoscopic therapies...
December 2017: Current Treatment Options in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891136/helicobacter-pylori-infection-and-nonmalignant-diseases
#5
REVIEW
Olga Sjomina, Frederic Heluwaert, Driffa Moussata, Marcis Leja
A substantial decrease in Helicobacter pylori-associated peptic ulcer disease has been observed during the last decades. Drug-related ulcers as well as idiopathic ulcers are becoming predominant and are more refractory to treatment; however, H. pylori infection still plays an important role in ulcer bleeding and recurrence after therapy. The effect of H. pylori eradication upon functional dyspepsia symptoms has been reviewed in this article and generally confirms the results of previous meta-analyses. Additional evidence suggests a lack of impact upon the quality of life, in spite of improvement in symptoms...
September 2017: Helicobacter
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884820/endoluminal-weight-loss-and-metabolic-therapies-current-and-future-techniques
#6
REVIEW
Christine Hill, Mouen A Khashab, Anthony N Kalloo, Vivek Kumbhari
Obesity is a public health epidemic associated with a number of comorbidities, most notably type 2 diabetes and hypertension, as well as elevated all-cause mortality. The treatment for obesity and its associated comorbidities has most recently expanded into the field of bariatric endoscopy. This field bridges a gap between lifestyle counseling with or without pharmaceutical treatment and the most effective treatment of obesity, bariatric surgery. Because of its minimally invasive nature, bariatric endoscopic therapy has the potential to appeal to the large sector of the obese population that resists surgery, as well as those early in the onset of obesity...
September 8, 2017: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874313/new-therapeutic-perspectives-in-non-alcoholic-steatohepatitis
#7
Javier Ampuero, Yolanda Sánchez-Torrijos, Virginia Aguilera, Francisco Bellido, Manuel Romero-Gómez
Management of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis is focused on restitution of metabolic derangement, weight loss and drugs able to improve steatosis, ballooning and fibrosis. Life-style interventions based on Mediterranean diet and increasing physical activity are the first line therapy. In patients with unsuccessful life-style intervention several drugs are under development: agonist PPAR, agonist GLP-1R and agonist FXR together with drugs focussing on inflammation, ballooning, apoptosis and fibrosis. Bariatric surgery or advanced endoscopy are reserved for morbid obese without response to life-style intervention and weighting loss drugs...
September 2, 2017: Gastroenterología y Hepatología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870760/endoscopic-management-of-erosion-after-banded-bariatric-procedures
#8
Matthew D Spann, Chetan V Aher, Wayne J English, D Brandon Williams
BACKGROUND: Prosthetic materials wrapped around a portion of the stomach have been used to provide gastric restriction in bariatric surgery for many years. Intraluminal erosion of adjustable and nonadjustable gastric bands typically occurs many years after placement and results in various symptoms. Endoscopic management of gastric band erosion has been described and allows for optimal patient outcomes. OBJECTIVES: We will describe our methods and experience with endoscopic management of intraluminal gastric band erosions after bariatric procedures...
July 24, 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853800/-bariatric-surgery-complications-and-endoscopic-treatment
#9
Caroline Bastid, Michael Drepper, Philippe Bichard, Jean-Louis Frossard
Obesity is a major public health issue. Surgery is the most effective treatment to obtain weight loss, stabilize weight status and decrease comorbidities. Yet post-operative complications can be serious and their treatment can also be a real challenge. The low invasive nature of endoscopy makes it an alternative to surgery. It can be used to diagnose and treat digestive hemorrhage, ulcers, stenosis, anastomotic leakage or fistula. This article aims to review the different bariatric surgical techniques, complications and their specific endoscopic treatment options...
August 30, 2017: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832360/gastric-interventional-endoscopy
#10
Mohamed Mahmoud, Erik Holzwanger, Wahid Wassef
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To review new advances in gastric interventional endoscopy. RECENT FINDINGS: Implementation of gastric endoscopy as a therapeutic option in obesity, gastric cancer, and gastroparesis. SUMMARY: Less invasive new gastric endoscopic procedures can potentially replace currently offered laparoscopic approaches in many fields. In this article, we will review the use of endoscopic sleeve gastroplasty as a weight loss procedure, endoscopic submucosal dissection in treatment of early gastric cancer, and gastric per-oral endoscopic myotomy in treatment of refractory gastroparesis...
November 2017: Current Opinion in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759923/a-novel-mechanical-simulator-for-hands-on-bariatric-endoscopy-training-in-intragastric-balloon-placement
#11
Marco A D'Assunçao, Fernando Lander Mota, Lucas S Nova da Costa, Willian Ferreira Igi, Dejan Radenkovic, Alvaro Martinez-Alcalá, Paul T Kröner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750839/endoscopic-treatment-of-fistulas-after-sleeve-gastrectomy-a-comparison-of-internal-drainage-versus-closure
#12
Diane Lorenzo, Théophile Guilbaud, Jean Michel Gonzalez, Alban Benezech, Anne Dutour, Sandrine Boullu, Stéphane Berdah, Thierry Bège, Marc Barthet
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Post-sleeve gastrectomy fistulas (PSGF) are major adverse events of bariatric surgery. The endoscopic management strategy evolved from closure to internal drainage (ID) after 2013. The main objective was to evaluate and compare these different approaches. METHODS: This retrospective study included all patients treated for PSGF in a referral center. "Closure" management was defined as initial treatment using covered-metal-stent and/or endoclips...
July 24, 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735375/perioperative-practices-concerning-one-anastomosis-mini-gastric-bypass-a-survey-of-210-surgeons
#13
Kamal K Mahawar, Kuldeepak Singh Kular, Chetan Parmar, Michael Van den Bossche, Yitka Graham, William R J Carr, Brijesh Madhok, Conor Magee, Sanjay Purkayastha, Peter K Small
BACKGROUND: There is currently little evidence available on the perioperative practices concerning one anastomosis/mini gastric bypass (OAGB/MGB) and no published consensus amongst experts. Even the published papers are not clear on these aspects. The purpose of this study was to understand various perioperative practices concerning OAGB/MGB. METHODS: Bariatric surgeons from around the world were invited to participate in a questionnaire-based survey. Only surgeons performing this procedure were included...
July 22, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726146/an-odyssey-of-complications-from-band-to-sleeve-to-bypass-definitive-laparoscopic-completion-gastrectomy-with-distal-esophagectomy-and-esophagojejunostomy-for-persistent-leak
#14
Hideo Takahashi, Andrew T Strong, Alfredo D Guerron, John H Rodriguez, Matthew Kroh
INTRODUCTION: Anastomotic leaks are uncommon yet potentially devastating complications after bariatric surgery. While the initial management includes resuscitation and sepsis control, the definitive management often requires endoscopic or surgical interventions. Surgical revision of the initial surgery may be necessary for chronic non-healing fistula. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The patient is a 45-year-old female with history of laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding who underwent band removal and conversion to a sleeve gastrectomy (SG) due to her failed weight loss, which resulted in a leak at gastroesophageal junction...
July 19, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726143/endoscopic-management-of-post-laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy-stenosis
#15
Valérie Deslauriers, Amélie Beauchamp, Fabio Garofalo, Henri Atlas, Ronald Denis, Pierre Garneau, Radu Pescarus
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) is the most popular bariatric surgery worldwide. Gastric sleeve stenosis is the most common postoperative complication, occurring in up to 3.9% of the cases. Current treatment options include endoscopic treatments, such as dilatations and stent placement as well as surgical revisions such as laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB), wedge gastrectomy or seromyotomy. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of our prospectively collected therapeutical endoscopy database was performed between January 2014 and February 2017...
July 19, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682794/bariatric-endoscopy-state-of-the-art
#16
Vivek Kumbhari, Christine Hill, Shelby Sullivan
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review aims to present the current state of the field, highlight recent developments, and describe the clinical outcomes of these endoscopic bariatric and metabolic procedures. RECENT FINDINGS: There are an increasing number of devices and techniques that are available for the endoluminal treatment of obesity. It is now possible to offer FDA approved endoscopic therapies for patients with BMI as high as 55 kg/m. Although tremendous advances have been made, there is room for additional emphasis with regards to the metabolic improvements seen with these therapies, in addition to highlighting weight loss outcomes...
September 2017: Current Opinion in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639045/passing-the-fundamentals-of-endoscopic-surgery-fes-exam-linking-specialty-choice-and-attitudes-about-endoscopic-surgery-to-success
#17
Aimee K Gardner, Michael B Ujiki, Brian J Dunkin
INTRODUCTION: Previous work has shown that up to 30% of graduating surgery residents fail the fundamentals of endoscopic surgery (FES) exam. This study investigated the extent to which FES pass rates differ in a specific sample of individuals who have chosen a career in GI surgery and to examine the relationships between FES performance and confidence in performing flexible endoscopy. METHODS: Fellows attending the 2016 SAGES Flexible Endoscopy Course were invited to complete the FES manual skills examination...
June 21, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634631/sages-university-masters-program-a-structured-curriculum-for-deliberate-lifelong-learning
#18
Daniel B Jones, Dimitrios Stefanidis, James R Korndorffer, Justin B Dimick, Brian P Jacob, Linda Schultz, Daniel J Scott
BACKGROUND: Postgraduate training has been haphazard to date. Surgeons have relied on attendance to annual meetings and multiple choice study guides to demonstrate maintenance of certification and continuing medical education. METHODS: SAGES held a retreat to develop the concept and scope of the Masters Program. Surveys were sent to SAGES members to guide curriculum development and selection of anchoring operations. RESULTS: SAGES has developed an educational curriculum across eight domains (Acute Care, Biliary, Bariatric, Colorectal, Hernia, Foregut, Flex Endoscopy, and Robotic Surrey) incorporating SAGES educational materials and guidelines, social media, coaching and mentoring...
August 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619681/gastric-carcinoma-after-sleeve-gastrectomy-for-obesity
#19
Miljana Vladimirov, Uwe Hesse, Hubert J Stein
Obesity is associated with an increased risk of cancer development in the upper gastrointestinal tract. We present the case of a female patient with gastric carcinoma after sleeve gastrectomy. Before bariatric surgery, one rationale for performing routine endoscopy is to detect clinically relevant conditions with the potential to change the surgical procedure. After bariatric surgery in symptomatic patients and in patients with unspecific symptoms, early upper endoscopy should be performed to detect potential carcinomas of the upper gastrointestinal tract...
April 25, 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552743/-candy-cane-syndrome-an-underappreciated-cause-of-abdominal-pain-and-nausea-after-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-surgery
#20
Amir H Aryaie, Mojtaba Fayezizadeh, Yuxiang Wen, Mohammed Alshehri, Mujjahid Abbas, Leena Khaitan
BACKGROUND: "Candy cane" syndrome (a blind afferent Roux limb at the gastrojejunostomy) has been implicated as a cause of abdominal pain, nausea, and emesis after Roux-n-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) but remains poorly described. OBJECTIVES: To report that "candy cane" syndrome is real and can be treated effectively with revisional bariatric surgery SETTING: All patients underwent "candy cane" resection at University Hospitals of Cleveland. METHODS: All patients who underwent resection of the "candy cane" between January 2011 and July 2015 were included...
September 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
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