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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540253/craniocervical-junction-abnormalities-with-atlantoaxial-subluxation-caused-by-ventral-subluxation-of-c2-in-a-dog
#1
Harumichi Itoh, Kazuhito Itamoto, Shotaro Eto, Tomoya Haraguchi, Shimpei Nishikawa, Kenji Tani, Yoshiki Itoh, Masato Hiyama, Toshie Iseri, Munekazu Nakaichi, Yasuho Taura
Craniocervical junction abnormalities with atlantoaxial subluxation caused by ventral subluxation of C2 were diagnosed in a 6-month-old female Pomeranian with tetraplegia as a clinical sign. Lateral survey radiography of the neck with flexion revealed atlantoaxial subluxation with ventral subluxation of C2. Computed tomography revealed absence of dens and atlanto-occipital overlapping. Magnetic resonance imaging showed compression of the spinal cord and indentation of caudal cerebellum. The diagnosis was Chiari-like malformation, atlantoaxial subluxation with ventral displacement of C2, atlanto-occipital overlapping, and syringomyelia...
2017: Open veterinary journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528759/replicate-effects-and-test-retest-reliability-of-quantitative-sensory-threshold-testing-in-dogs-with-and-without-chronic-pain
#2
David Knazovicky, Erika S Helgeson, Beth Case, Andrea Thomson, Margaret E Gruen, William Maixner, B Duncan X Lascelles
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate replicate effects and test-retest reliability of mechanical and thermal quantitative sensory testing (QST) in normal dogs and dogs with osteoarthritis (OA)-associated pain. STUDY DESIGN: A prospective clinical study. ANIMALS: A total of 54 client owned dogs (OA, n=31; controls, n=23). METHODS: Mechanical [electronic von Frey (EVF) and blunt pressure] and thermal (hot and cold) sensory thresholds were obtained in dogs with OA-associated pain and control dogs at two visits, 7 days apart, to assess test-retest reliability...
January 10, 2017: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476258/the-middle-east-and-eastern-europe-rabies-expert-bureau-meereb-third-meeting-lyon-france-7-8-april-2015
#3
REVIEW
V Picot, A Rasuli, A Abella-Rider, M Saadatian-Elahi, A Aikimbayev, A Barkia, S Benmaiz, Z Bouslama, K De Balogh, A Dehove, F Davlyatov, F Farahtaj, G Gongal, A Gholami, P Imnadze, M Issad, S Khoufi, V Nedosekov, A Rafila, H Rich, A Soufi, J Tuychiev, N Vranjes, R Vodopija, I Zaouia, L Nel
MEEREB is an inter-regional network of countries from North Africa, Europe, the Middle East and Central Asia that work together with the aim of improving rabies control and prevention at local, regional and global level. MEEREB members met for the third time in 2015 in France (Lyon) to review the current rabies situation within the network and to discuss the way forward the prospect of a One Health approach against rabies. Dogs were the main vector of transmission in all MEEREB countries except for Croatia and Serbia where foxes represented the primary source...
May 2, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460694/etiopathogenesis-of-canine-hip-dysplasia-prevalence-and-genetics
#4
REVIEW
Michael D King
First identified in 1935, canine hip dysplasia is thought to be the most common orthopedic condition diagnosed in the dog. It is most prevalent in large and giant breed dogs, with a complex polygenic mode of inheritance, and relatively low heritability. External factors including caloric intake when growing have a significant effect on phenotypic expression. Initial joint laxity progresses to osteoarthritis due to subluxation and abnormal wearing. Selective breeding programs to attempt to decrease prevalence have shown modest results so far...
April 28, 2017: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443190/first-description-of-an-anaerobiospirillum-succiniciproducens-prosthetic-joint-infection
#5
F Schaumburg, R Dieckmann, T Schmidt-Bräkling, K Becker, E A Idelevich
Anaerobiospirillum succiniciproducens belongs to the normal flora of cats and dogs and can rarely infect humans. Here, we report the first case of an A. succiniciproducens prosthetic joint infection.
July 2017: New Microbes and New Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442161/zurich-cementless-total-hip-replacement
#6
REVIEW
David Hummel
Total hip replacement (THR) is the gold standard treatment of intractable pain from hip dysplasia. THR procedures are divided into 2 main categories: cemented and cementless, with hybrid a combination. The Zurich Cementless THR system uses a combination of press-fit (acetabular component) and locking screw (femoral component) fixation designed to address the main challenge facing cemented systems (aseptic loosening) while providing the benefit of immediate stability with its novel locking screw implantation system for the femoral stem...
April 22, 2017: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439995/scleromyxoedema-in-a-dog
#7
Aurore F Laprais, Petra Bizikova, Erin W Lashnits, Alison Tucker, Keith E Linder
BACKGROUND: In humans, scleromyxoedema is a chronic progressive skin condition traditionally characterized by deposits of mucin, increased number of fibroblasts and fibrosis in the skin, and by systemic disease. Thyroid disease is typically absent. A monoclonal gammopathy is usually present, as are other comorbidities. Descriptions of scleromyxoedema in the veterinary literature are limited to a single feline case. One dog, previously reported as having papular mucinosis, exhibited features that matched the more current diagnostic criteria of scleromyxoedema...
April 24, 2017: Veterinary Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427489/effects-of-structural-changes-in-subchondral-bone-on-articular-cartilage-in-a-beagle-dog-model
#8
Dong Yan, Tong Xi Liu, Bao Yue Liu, Ling Wang, Zhan Hua Qian, Xiao Guang Cheng, Kun Cheng Li
OBJECTIVE: Using MR T2-mapping and histopathologic score for articular cartilage to evaluate the effect of structural changes in subchondral bone on articular cartilage. METHODS: Twenty-four male Beagle dogs were randomly divided into a subchondral bone defect group (n = 12) and a bone cement group (n = 12). Models of subchondral bone defectin the medial tibial plateau and subchondral bone filled with bone cement were constructed. In all dogs, the left knee joint was used as the experimental sideand the right knee as the sham side...
March 2017: Biomedical and Environmental Sciences: BES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416005/serum-c-reactive-protein-concentrations-in-nova-scotia-duck-tolling-retrievers-with-immune-mediated-rheumatic-disease
#9
Hanna Dorotea Bremer, Anna Hillström, Malin Kånåhols, Ragnvi Hagman, Helene Hansson-Hamlin
Nova Scotia Duck Tolling Retrievers (NSDTRs) are a dog breed often affected by immune-mediated rheumatic disease (IMRD), a disorder characterised by chronic stiffness and joint pain. Most, but not all, dogs with IMRD, have antinuclear antibodies (ANA), which are also commonly present in the autoimmune disease systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). The clinical and diagnostic findings of IMRD indicate that it is an SLE-related disorder. C-reactive protein (CRP), an acute phase protein, is a quantitative marker of inflammation for many diseases and is used for diagnosing and monitoring systemic inflammation in both humans and dogs...
April 17, 2017: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385001/comparative-kinematic-gait-analysis-in-young-and-old-beagle-dogs
#10
Malin Lorke, Maray Willen, Karin Lucas, Martin Beyerbach, Patrick Wefstaedt, Hugo Murua Escobar, Ingo Nolte
Age-related involution in dogs involves loss of muscle mass and changes in connective tissue and articular cartilage. The aim of this study was to examine whether an age-related influence on joint mobility can be detected in the absence of diseases. Five young (Ø 2.0 years) and five old (Ø 10.4 years) healthy and sound Beagle dogs were measured during locomotion on a treadmill by computer-assisted gait analysis. Angles of the shoulder, elbow, carpal, hip, stifle and tarsal joints were analyzed, including joint angle progression curves, minimum and maximum joint angles and range of motion (ROM)...
April 6, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373726/use-of-an-elastic-transarticular-external-fixator-construct-for-immobilization-of-the-elbow-joint
#11
Bertrand Vedrine
Transarticular external skeletal fixation usually involves rigid bars that result in a stable but stiff joint. This study describes the technique and the outcome of an elastic transarticular external fixator (ETEF) applied to the elbow joint. Four cases of elbow luxation with collateral ligament injuries were managed with closed reduction and application of an ETEF to maintain the reduction. A triceps tendon avulsion was surgically managed before applying an ETEF. The clinical outcome was considered excellent in 2 cats, good in 2 dogs (1 elbow luxation and the avulsion of the triceps tendon), and poor in 1 dog presented for elbow luxation and a permanent neurological defect...
April 2017: Canadian Veterinary Journal. la Revue Vétérinaire Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345997/evaluation-of-a-new-method-to-determine-the-tibial-tuberosity-advancement-distance-required-to-reduce-the-patellar-tendon-tibial-plateau-angle-to-90%C3%A2-with-the-modified-maquet-technique-in-dogs
#12
Paul Pillard, Veronique Livet, Quentin Cabon, Camille Bismuth, Juliette Sonet, Denise Remy, Didier Fau, Claude Carozzo, Eric Viguier, Thibaut Cachon
OBJECTIVE To assess use of a new radiographic method to determine the distance by which the tibial tuberosity should be advanced to reduce the patellar tendon-tibial plateau angle (PTA) to 90° by means of the modified Maquet technique (MMT) in dogs. SAMPLE 24 pelvic limbs from 12 adult medium-sized to large-breed canine cadavers. PROCEDURES Radiographs of stifle joints at 135° extension in true lateral position were used to determine tibial tuberosity advancement distances for use in the MMT. A method was devised to incorporate the planned osteotomy axis; distal patellar translations of 0, 3, 5, or 10 mm; and advancement cage implant application level along the osteotomy site in advancement planning measurements...
April 2017: American Journal of Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334450/short-term-effects-of-arthrotomy-with-and-without-infrapatellar-fat-pad-resection-on-the-normal-canine-stifle
#13
Yukihiro Fujita, Tetsuya Nakajo, Makoto Muto
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the short-term effects of infrapatellar fat pad (IFP) resection in normal dogs. STUDY DESIGN: Experimental in vivo study. ANIMALS: Five normal adult female beagle dogs. METHODS: The IFP was resected via arthrotomy in the left stifle joint (experimental side) while the right stifle underwent arthrotomy alone (sham side). An orthopedic examination was performed every week for 4 weeks and synovial fluid was analyzed before and 4 weeks after the procedure...
March 23, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331927/bilateral-shoulder-arthrodesis-in-a-pekinese-using-three-dimensional-printed-patient-specific-osteotomy-and-reduction-guides
#14
Bill Oxley
OBJECTIVE: To report the use of computer-aided design software for virtual surgical planning and design of three-dimensional printed patient-specific osteotomy and reduction guides for facilitation of bilateral shoulder arthrodesis in a dog. METHODS: A three-year-old male entire Pekinese was presented unable to walk due to bilateral severe medial shoulder instability. Computed tomographic data was processed to yield three-dimensional mesh representations of the humeri and scapulae which could be manipulated in computer-aided design software...
March 23, 2017: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327134/the-effect-of-intra-articular-botulinum-toxin-a-on-substance-p-prostaglandin-e2-and-tumor-necrosis-factor-alpha-in-the-canine-osteoarthritic-joint
#15
Helka M Heikkilä, Anna K Hielm-Björkman, John F Innes, Outi M Laitinen-Vapaavuori
BACKGROUND: Recently, intra-articular botulinum toxin A (IA BoNT A) has been shown to reduce joint pain in osteoarthritic dogs. Similar results have been reported in human patients with arthritis. However, the mechanism of the antinociceptive action of IA BoNT A is currently not known. The aim of this study was to explore this mechanism of action by investigating the effect of IA BoNT A on synovial fluid (SF) and serum substance P (SP), prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) in osteoarthritic dogs...
March 21, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326983/morphologic-and-morphometric-description-of-the-temporomandibular-joint-in-the-domestic-dog-using-computed-tomography
#16
Lenin A Villamizar-Martinez, Cristian M Villegas, Marco A Gioso, Alexander M Reiter, Geni C Patricio, Ana C Pinto
The temporomandibular joint (TMJ) in the domestic dog is a synovial joint with 2 articular surfaces, the mandibular fossa of the squamous portion of the temporal bone and the articular head of the condylar process of the mandible. Although different diagnostic imaging techniques have been used to study the TMJ in dogs, morphologic and morphometric studies based on computed tomography (CT) are scarce. The purpose of the present study was to describe the morphologic and morphometric features of the TMJ in domestic dogs using CT...
June 2016: Journal of Veterinary Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295452/presumed-lupus-erythematosus-cells-identified-in-bronchoalveolar-lavage-fluid-from-a-mexican-hairless-dog
#17
Laura J Black, Ashley C Hechler, Maura E Duffy, Sarah S K Beatty
A neutered male Mexican Hairless dog was presented for generalized weight loss and weakness. Initial laboratory testing and diagnostic imaging revealed thrombocytopenia and an interstitial to miliary lung pattern affecting all lung fields. Mild joint effusion was found on physical examination affecting the stifle, tarsal, carpal, and elbow joints. Examination of synovial fluid demonstrated an inflammatory polyarthropathy in 3 joints. Cytocentrifuged and direct preparations of the bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid sample were made and cells consistent with lupus erythematosus (LE) cells and ragocytes were found...
March 13, 2017: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276119/combined-tibial-plateau-levelling-osteotomy-and-lateral-fabellotibial-suture-for-cranial-cruciate-ligament-rupture-with-severe-rotational-instability-in-dogs
#18
M Schaible, J Shani, A Caceres, M Payton, Y Segev, R Ben-Amotz
OBJECTIVE: To report the use of tibial plateau levelling osteotomy and lateral fabellotibial suture in combination for treatment of severe internal tibial rotational stifle instability in cranial cruciate-deficient stifles. METHODS: Twenty-three stifles in 19 dogs were diagnosed with cranial cruciate ligament rupture with severe stifle instability, characterised by marked cranial tibial translation and internal tibial rotation that was evident during orthopaedic examination...
April 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272182/use-of-a-dog-visitation-program-to-improve-patient-satisfaction-in-trauma-patients
#19
Penelope Stevens, John P Kepros, Benjamin D Mosher
Clinical staff members all recognize the importance of attaining high patient satisfaction scores. Although there are many variables that contribute to patient satisfaction, implementation of a dog visitation program has been shown to have positive effects on patient satisfaction in total joint replacement patients. This innovative practice had not previously been studied in trauma patients. The purpose of this quasi-experimental study was to determine whether dog visitation to trauma inpatients increased patient satisfaction scores with the trauma physicians...
March 2017: Journal of Trauma Nursing: the Official Journal of the Society of Trauma Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263119/surgical-management-of-pivot-shift-phenomenon-in-a-dog
#20
Rebekah C Knight, David G Thomson, Alan Danielski
CASE DESCRIPTION A 6.8-year-old neutered male Labrador Retriever-Poodle mix was evaluated because of continued left pelvic limb lameness unresponsive to conservative management 1 year after undergoing tibial plateau leveling osteotomy (TPLO). CLINICAL FINDINGS A jerking lateral movement of the left stifle joint was detected during walking. Orthopedic examination revealed a pivot-shift phenomenon (PSP). Palpation elicited no signs of discomfort over the TPLO plate or caudomedial aspect of the stifle joint. Radiography revealed complete bone fusion at the osteotomy site and only mild joint effusion...
March 15, 2017: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
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