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the revised commitment inventory

Juan R Barrada, Ángel Castro, Ana Belén Correa, Paula Ruiz-Gómez
Casual sex has become a common experience for many university students. Therefore, it is necessary to have instruments and studies that analyze youth's orientation toward sociosexuality. The SOI-R assesses sociosexual behavior, attitudes toward sociosexuality, and the desire for relationships without commitment with just nine items. The goal of this study was to validate the Spanish version of the SOI-R, to improve the scale, and to contribute evidence of the utility of the Sociosexual Desire subscale. Participants were 839 heterosexual university students of both sexes, aged between 18 and 26, who completed a battery of online questionnaires...
February 17, 2018: Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy
Brett O Gardner, Marcus T Boccaccini
Researchers have recently questioned the utility of the response style indicators included on many self-report measures of personality and psychopathology. We examined whether the size of convergent validity coefficients for Personality Assessment Inventory (PAI) Antisocial Features (ANT) scores depends on PAI validity scale scores. Using PAI and Psychopathy Checklist-Revised (PCL-R) scores from 477 offenders evaluated for civil commitment as sexually violent predators, we found that PAI Positive Impression (PIM), Negative Impression (NIM), Malingering Index (MAL), Defensiveness Index (DEF), and Infrequency (INF) scores moderated the association between ANT and PCL-R scores...
September 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
David M Glassmire, Amandeep Jhawar, Danielle Burchett, Anthony M Tarescavage
The Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 (MMPI-2) F(p) (Infrequency-Psychopathology) scale was developed to measure overreporting in a manner that was minimally confounded by genuine psychopathology, which was a problem with using the MMPI-2 F (Infrequency) scale among patients with severe mental illness. Although revised versions of both of these scales are included on the MMPI-2-Restructured Form and used in a forensic context, no item-level research has been conducted on their sensitivity to genuine psychopathology among forensic psychiatric inpatients...
May 2017: Psychological Assessment
Lucia Monacis, Valeria de Palo, Maria Sinatra, Michael D Berzonsky
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the factor structure and convergent and discriminant validity of scores on an Italian translation of the Revised Identity Style Inventory (ISI-5) with samples of 237 adolescents (50 males, M age = 18.04, SD = .86) and 268 university students (42 males, M age = 22.71, SD = 3.70). Confirmatory Factor Analysis indicated that a three-factor solution provided a good fit, which was invariant across age and sex groups. The theoretically relationships between scores on the ISI and scores on measures of reasoning and identity processes, identity commitment, and social desirability were partially consistent, thus further studies are needed to give more evidence to the convergent and discriminant validity...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
Kitty K Wu, Patrick W L Leung, Valda W Cho, Lawrence S C Law
The relationship between sub-dimensions of posttraumatic growth (PTG) and distress was investigated for survivors of motor vehicle crashes (MVC). PTG and symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) for 1045 MVC survivors who attended the Accident and Emergency Services were examined with the Chinese versions of the Posttraumatic Growth Inventory (PTGI) and the Impact of Event Scale-Revised 1 week after the experience of a MVC. A factor structure, which was different from both the original English version of the PTGI and the Chinese version of PTGI for cancer survivors, was identified...
June 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
Anna Krzeczkowska, Thanos Karatzias, Adele Dickson
Pain is a significant problem for many people with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS)/myalgic encephalomyelitis (ME). This exploratory study investigated the extent to which severity of pain was related to coping strategies and post-traumatic symptomatology in people with CFS/ME. Participants comprised 27 individuals with CFS/ME and 27 healthy controls. All participants completed the CFS/ME Symptom Questionnaire, the brief pain inventory, the impact of event scale-revised and the brief-COPE. It was found that CFS/ME participants present with significantly more post-traumatic stress symptoms and report significantly less emotion focused strategies and problem focused coping strategies compared with healthy controls...
2015: Psychology, Health & Medicine
Gustavo B Castellana, Daniel M de Barros, Antonio de P Serafim, Geraldo Busatto Filho
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the differences in psychopathic traits between offender and non-offender youths with similar socioeconomic backgrounds. METHOD: The Psychopathy Checklist Revised (PCL-R) scale was used to identify whether 39 young offenders with no history of mental disorders or criteria for psychopathy exhibited differences in its total score, and specifically for factor 1 or factor 2 of this scale, when compared with 32 other young people, living in similar socioeconomic conditions, who had not committed offenses...
September 2014: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
Candace L Patterson, Timothy Anderson, Christina Wei
OBJECTIVES: The present study examined the associations between pretreatment role expectations, working alliance, and therapy outcome. A mediational model was hypothesized wherein the therapeutic alliance mediates the relationship between clients' pretreatment role expectations and psychotherapy outcome. METHOD: Sixty-eight clients completed the Expectations About Counseling-Brief Form at pretreatment, the Working Alliance Inventory-Short Form Revised after Session 3, and the Outcome Questionairre-45 at both pretreatment and the final session...
July 2014: Journal of Clinical Psychology
Michael D Berzonsky, Bart Soenens, Koen Luyckx, Ilse Smits, Dennis R Papini, Luc Goossens
Identity processing style refers to differences in how individuals process identity-relevant information as they engage or manage to avoid the challenges of constructing, maintaining, and/or reconstructing a sense of identity. The third version of the Identity Style Inventory (Berzonsky, 1992b) has been used to operationally define identity styles in most empirical investigations. The objective of the present series of studies was the development and validation of a new revised measure of identity processing style: Identity Style Inventory-Version 5 (ISI-5)...
September 2013: Psychological Assessment
Bradley E Karlin, Robyn D Walser, Jerome Yesavage, Aimee Zhang, Mickey Trockel, C Barr Taylor
OBJECTIVES: Limited data exist on outcomes of older adults receiving psychotherapy for depression in real-world settings. Acceptance and Commitment Therapy for depression (ACT-D) offers potential utility for older individuals who may experience issues of loss, reduced control, and other life changes. The present article examines and compares outcomes of older and younger Veterans receiving ACT-D nationally in the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs health care system. METHOD: Patient outcomes were assessed using the Beck Depression Inventory-Second Edition and the World Health Organization Quality of Life-BREF...
2013: Aging & Mental Health
John P Dehlin, Kate L Morrison, Michael P Twohig
This study evaluated acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) for scrupulosity-based obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD). Five adults were treated with eight sessions of ACT, without in-session exposure, in a multiple baseline across participants design. Daily monitoring of compulsions and avoided valued activities were tracked throughout the study. The Obsessive Compulsive Inventory-Revised, Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale (Y-BOCS), Penn Inventory of Scrupulosity, Beck Depression Inventory-II, Quality of Life Scale, Santa Clara Strength of Religious Faith Questionnaire, and the Acceptance and Action Questionnaire-II were completed at pretreatment, posttreatment, and 3-month follow-up...
May 2013: Behavior Modification
David S Smith, Benedict C Jones, Kevin Allan
The functionalist memory perspective predicts that information of adaptive value may trigger specific processing modes. It was recently demonstrated that women's memory is sensitive to cues of male sexual dimorphism (i.e., masculinity) that convey information of adaptive value for mate choice because they signal health and genetic quality, as well as personality traits important in relationship contexts. Here, we show that individual differences in women's mating strategies predict the effect of facial masculinity cues upon memory, strengthening the case for functional design within memory...
August 2013: Memory & Cognition
Xiang Yi Foo, Muhd Najib Mohd Alwi, Siti Irma Fadhillah Ismail, Normala Ibrahim, Zubaidah Jamil Osman
The variation in suicide patterns across ethnic groups with different religious background is a puzzling social phenomenon. This study sought to examine the impact of religious commitment and attitudes toward suicide on suicidal behaviors of college students across major ethnic and religious groups in a multicultural society of Malaysia. A total of 139 college students completed Religious Commitment Inventory-10, Attitudes Toward Suicide Scale, and Suicidal Behavior Questionnaire-Revised. Findings showed significant discrepancies in attitudes toward suicide, but not suicidal behaviors across ethnic and religious groups...
June 2014: Journal of Religion and Health
Jesse Owen, Galena K Rhoades, Scott M Stanley, Howard J Markman
The Commitment Inventory (Stanley & Markman, 1992) measures interpersonal commitment (dedication) and constraint commitment. Since it was first published, substantial revisions have been made, but there are no published data on the psychometric properties of the new version. Further, little information is available on measuring commitment for unmarried couples. This study examined the psychometric properties of the Commitment Inventory in 320 premarital or cohabiting couples (N = 640). Dyadic confirmatory factor analyses revealed that the hypothesized factor structure of six constraint subscales and one dedication subscale fit the data well for both men and women...
June 2011: Journal of Family Issues
Kirsten Bollmann, Ivonne Schürmann, Björn Nolting, Ina Dieffenbach, Gottfried Fischer, Gisela Zurek, Robert Bering, Gereon Heuft
OBJECTIVE: Over the past years, 35 trauma outpatient units have been established in accordance with the Crime Victims' Compensation Act in the federal state of North Rhine-Westphalia (Germany) for both children and adolescents as well as for adults. They are operated by the social welfare authorities and, since 2008, by the regional authorities of Westphalia-Lippe and Rhineland. They enable victims to receive qualified psychotraumatological help within the first few days after suffering violence...
2012: Zeitschrift Für Psychosomatische Medizin und Psychotherapie
Richard M Bell, Stephen A Fann, James E Morrison, J Ryan Lisk
BACKGROUND: The selection of applicants for training in any particular surgical program is an imprecise exercise. Despite the abundance of information on particular candidates, many of the fundamental qualities that are associated with success for the surgical trainee cannot be identified by review of the applicants' grades, scores, letters of recommendation, personal statement, or even from the interview process. We sought a method to determine behavior, motivation, and values possessed by applicants that coincided with traits by our current residents who had demonstrated success in our program...
January 2012: Journal of Surgical Education
Candace L Patterson, Brian Uhlin, Timothy Anderson
Because research suggests that counseling expectations are malleable and that alliance ratings predict clinical outcomes, the relationship between this pretreatment client characteristic (expectations) and the quality of the alliance early in treatment deserves further attention. This study examined the relationships between 57 clients' pretreatment role expectations and 3rd-session client-rated alliance in a naturalistic setting. Prior to intake, clients completed the Expectations About Counseling-Brief Form (H...
October 2008: Journal of Counseling Psychology
John F Edens, Barbara E McDermott
Although the construct of psychopathy is frequently construed as a unitary syndrome, the Psychopathic Personality Inventory (PPI; Lilienfeld & Andrews, 1996) and its revision, the PPI-R (Lilienfeld & Widows, 2005), are composed of 2 scales, termed Fearless Dominance (FD) and Self-Centered Impulsivity (SCI), which appear to reflect orthogonal dimensions. In this study, we examined the construct validity of the FD and SCI scales of the PPI-R as markers of these constructs with a range of theoretically relevant correlates assessed across multiple domains in a sample of 200 forensic psychiatric inpatients...
March 2010: Psychological Assessment
Antonio de Pádua Serafim, Daniel Martins de Barros, André Valim, Clarice Gorenstein
OBJECTIVE: To compare the emotional response and level of anxiety of psychopathic murderers, non-psychopathic murderers, and nonpsychopathic non-criminals. METHOD: 110 male individuals aged over 18 years were divided into three groups: psychopathic murderers (n = 38); non-psychopathic murderers (n = 37) serving sentences for murder convictions in Maximum Security Prisons in the State of Sao Paulo; and non-criminal, non-psychopathic individuals (n = 35) according to the Psychopathy Checklist-Revised...
September 2009: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
David M Njus, Cynthia M H Bane
Buss and Schmitt (1993) found empirical support for their Sexual Strategies Theory hypothesis of evolved sex differences in mating attitudes. This study hypothesized that religiosity would moderate those sex differences. Specifically, it was predicted that men high and low in religiosity would differ in mating attitudes, but it was expected that there would be fewer differences between women high and low in religiosity because of evolved preferences for longer term, more committed relationships. In Study 1, 219 college students completed questionnaires that included a single-item indicator of religiosity and short-term and long-term mating desires...
November 2009: Journal of Sex Research
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