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ingrown nail

Anil Agarwal, Anubrat Kumar, Deepshikha Khanna, Abbas Shaharyar, Mohd Shafi Bhat, Madhusudan Mishra
BACKGROUND: The study aimed at finding whether there are any nail changes specific to treatment in clubfoot. METHODS: Sixty new, 26 undergoing serial corrective casting, and 247 clubfoot patients using foot abduction braces were prospectively studied. The casted and braced group formed the basis of the study to observe nail changes, if any. The new patients and opposite normal foot (in unilateral casted cases) were taken as controls. OBSERVATIONS: Acute paronychia, ingrown toe nail, onychoshizia, onychorrhexis, nail plate concavity, latent onychomadesis, and distal onycholysis were observed in feet undergoing corrective casting and bracing...
December 2016: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
Hitomi Sano, Koichiro Oki, Hideo Sogawa, Rei Ogawa
Ingrown nails are defined as inflammation of the lateral nail fold that is caused by penetration by the nail plate and associates with pain and/or infection. The pain associated with ingrown nail hampers walking, raises the risk of falls, and decreases the quality of life. The Sogawa method is a novel conservative medical treatment for ingrown nails that is based on stainless steel wire. It was first reported in 2012 by Sogawa, and we have found that it is very effective for ingrown nails, especially in difficult cases...
August 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
Pooja Chitgopeker, Hillary Johnson-Jahangir
Onychocryptosis, also known as ingrown toenail, is caused by growth of the lateral edge of the nail into the nail fold. This results in inflammation of the invaded tissue. It is a common problem with ~70% of cases occurring in people between the ages of 12-30 years and causes significant discomfort, pain, and restriction in activity [1]. There is no standard treatment for onychocryptosis and numerous methods have been used, from conservative approaches such as proper nail trimming techniques to more invasive surgical procedures...
June 15, 2016: Dermatology Online Journal
Ahmet Yılmaz, Erol Çenesizoğlu
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of cryotherapy applied for the purpose of matricectomy following partial nail removal in treatment of ingrown nails. METHODS: Between 2010 and 2013, 76 ingrown toenails of 62 patients were included in this prospective study. Following partial toenail removal, matricectomy with cryotherapy was performed. The lateral nail matrix was frozen for 45 seconds with open spray and spot-freezing technique using liquid nitrogen...
2016: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica
Seval Erpolat, Ayla Eser, Ikbal Kaygusuz, Hatice Balci, Aydin Kosus, Nermin Kosus
During pregnancy, cutaneous and appendageal alterations manifest and may cause concern in the subject. The nails may be affected by pregnancy. This study investigated the frequency and nature of nail changes occurring during pregnancy in 312 healthy, 18-40-year-old pregnant women in gestation weeks 16-40. After a routine obstetric examination at the obstetrics and gynecology clinic at the study institution, all subjects submitted to an examination of all fingernails and toenails. Only nail alterations that had developed during pregnancy were recorded...
October 2016: International Journal of Dermatology
Hande Akdeniz, Kadri Ozer, Adile Dikmen, Uger Kocer
Ingrown nail surgery is the one of the most common surgeries in outpatient clinics that are generally perfomed in response to patient complaints. Still, making simple observations, taking patient histories and conducting further tests are often neglected by outpatient clinics. Consequently, it is important to be aware if ingrown nail is associated with any underlying diseases that can lead to major complications. In this article, we report on two cases ending in amputation that were performed with Winograd's partial matrix excision procedure for ingrown nails...
October 2015: Dermatology Practical & Conceptual
James Rory J Tucker
A variety of nail deformities commonly presents in the primary care office. An understanding of nail anatomy coupled with inspection of the nails at routine office visits can reveal undetected disorders. Some problems are benign, and treatment should be attempted by the primary care provider, such as onychomycosis, paronychia, or ingrown toenails. For conditions such as benign melanonychia, longitudinal ridges, isolated Beau lines, and onycholysis, clinicians may offer reassurance to patients who are concerned about the change in their nails...
December 2015: Primary Care
L T Zane, J Plattner, S Chanda, D Coronado, T Merchant, M R K Alley, A K Gupta
Tavaborole topical solution, 5% (tavaborole) is a novel, boron-based, antifungal pharmaceutical agent indicated for treatment of toenail onychomycosis due to the dermatophytes Trichophyton rubrum or Trichophyton mentagrophytes. In preclinical studies, tavaborole effectively penetrated through full-thickness, non-diseased cadaver fingernails, including those with up to four layers of nail polish. Limited systemic absorption was observed following topical application of tavaborole. In phase III clinical trials involving patients with distal subungual onychomycosis affecting 20-60% of a target great toenail, significantly more patients treated with tavaborole versus vehicle achieved completely clear nail with negative mycology following daily application for 48 weeks...
October 2015: Drugs of Today
Antonio Córdoba-Fernández, Pedro Montaño-Jiménez, Manuel Coheña-Jiménez
BACKGROUND: Many risk factors have been identified to be associated with ingrown toenail. Internal pressure by the distal phalanx of the hallux and the second toe and external compression from the shoes has been proposed as a reason for the pathology. The main objective of the study was to analyze the existence of a correlation between the presence of pathological hallux interphalangeal angle (HIA) and risk of ingrown hallux nail. METHODS: One hundred and sixty-five subjects (312 ft) were enrolled in a cross-sectional, analytical and observational case-control study...
2015: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
Bilsev İnce, Mehmet Dadacı, Fatma Bilgen, Serhat Yarar
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the Winograd and knot techniques based on efficiency, complication rate, surgery time, and amount of local anesthetic required. This study also aimed to determine the etiology of ingrown nails, whether due to involvement of the nail or soft tissue. METHODS: Seventy-five patients with a total of 90 ingrown nails (stages 2 and 3) who presented at our clinic between 2012-2014 were included in this study. Patients were divided into 2 groups: those treated with the knot technique and those treated with the Winograd technique...
2015: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica
Chander Grover, Ananta Khurana, Sambit Nath Bhattacharya, Arun Sharma
BACKGROUND: Partial nail avulsion with lateral chemical matricectomy is the treatment of choice for ingrown toenails. Phenol (88%) is the most widely used chemical agent but prolonged postoperative drainage and collateral damage are common. Sodium hydroxide (NaOH) 10% has fewer side-effects. METHODS: Adult, consenting patients with ingrown toenails were alternately allocated into two treatment groups in the order of their joining the study, to receive either 88% phenol (Group 1, n = 26) or 10% NaOH (Group 0, n = 23) chemical matricectomy...
September 2015: Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology
Michael B DeBrule
BACKGROUND: Many operative techniques have been studied for correction of ingrown toenails, yet the role of nail fold resection without matricectomy is poorly defined. Current literature on this topic is sparse, and previous systematic reviews are absent. METHODS: A MEDLINE/Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature/Scopus search was performed and a systematic review was undertaken for articles discussing surgical treatment of ingrown toenail by nail fold resection without matricectomy...
July 2015: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
M Gail Woodbury, R Gary Sibbald, Brian Ostrow, Reneeka Persaud, Julia M Lowe
BACKGROUND: Most diabetic foot amputations are caused by ulcers on the skin of the foot i.e. diabetic foot ulcers. Early identification of patients at high risk for diabetic foot ulcers is crucial. The 'Simplified 60-Second Diabetic Foot Screening Tool' has been designed to rapidly detect high risk diabetic feet, allowing for timely identification and referral of patients needing treatment. This study aimed to determine the clinical performance and inter-rater reliability of 'Simplified 60 Second Diabetic Foot Screening Tool' in order to evaluate its applicability for routine screening...
2015: PloS One
Olcay Guler, Hamide Tuna, Mahir Mahirogullari, Mehmet Erdil, Serhat Mutlu, Mehmet Isyar
Ingrown toenails are one of the most frequent nail disorders and can be treated with conservative or surgical approaches. Although discovered a long time ago, the available data are still very limited on the potential effectiveness of nail braces for ingrown toenail treatment. In the present retrospective study, we compared nail braces with surgical wedge excision using the Winograd technique with respect to the time to return to work, recurrence, interval to recurrence, and patient satisfaction. A total of 159 patients were divided into the nail brace (n = 74; mean age 29...
July 2015: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
Samir K Trehan, Dylan S Soukup, Douglas N Mintz, Giorgio Perino, Scott J Ellis
UNLABELLED: Glomus tumors are painful, benign neoplasms that frequently are associated with delayed diagnosis. Commonly in the hand, they rarely present in the foot. The purpose of this case series is to characterize the clinical presentation, radiology, pathology, and surgical outcomes associated with foot glomus tumors. We reviewed our pathology database for patients with foot glomus tumors diagnosed between 1995 and 2013. Medical records including physician notes, pathology, and radiology were reviewed...
December 2015: Foot & Ankle Specialist
Glaysson Tassara Tavares, Nilton Gioia Di Chiacchio, Nilton Di Chiacchio, Marcos Vilela de Souza
A sixty-one year old white female was referred to the Dermatology Department to treat an ingrown nail in the inner corner of the left hallux. Examination of the entire nail unit showed the presence of xanthonychia in the outer corner besides thickening and increase in the transverse curvature of the nail plate. Dermoscopy and nuclear magnetic resonance of the free edge of the nail plate detected characteristic signs of onychomatricoma, a diagnosis that was later confirmed by anatomopathological exam.
March 2015: Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia
Nilton Di Chiacchio, Nilton Gioia Di Chiacchio
Nail phenolization is considered a useful procedure for treating ingrowing toenails. Nail phenolization is indicated when partial and definitive removal of the nail plate is necessary. Nail phenolization is simple and inexpensive, and associated with little postoperative discomfort, a quick return to normal activities, and a low rate of complication and recurrence. The Howard-Dubois and super U techniques are indicated when ingrowing nails are caused by hypertrophy of nail folds, according to the degree of severity...
April 2015: Dermatologic Clinics
Alan Bryant, Andrew Knox
BACKGROUND: An ingrown toenail or onychocryptosis may occur at any age and is the mostly commonly encountered toenail problem likely to be seen in general practice. OBJECTIVE: This article will discuss the common surgical approaches available for the management of an ingrown toenail. DISCUSSION: Ingrown toenail can be a painful condition that can become infected and may require surgical treatment. The epidemiology of onychocryptosis is difficult to determine as it is often considered to be a minor medical problem and as such has been some-what neglected in the literature...
March 2015: Australian Family Physician
Daniela Gutiérrez-Mendoza, Mariana De Anda Juárez, Verónica Fonte Ávalos, Gisela Reyes Martínez, Judith Domínguez-Cherit
BACKGROUND: Onychocryptosis is one of the most common painful nail conditions. Conservative treatment may take a long time to obtain effective results. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to show the effectiveness of a conservative treatment of ingrown nails that shows rapid results. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Patients with painful Stage 1 to 2 onychocryptosis who were not candidates or refused surgery were treated with the cotton cast. The severity and cause of onychocryptosis was clinically evaluated during a 2-month period...
March 2015: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
Mehmet Dadaci, Bilsev Ince, Zeynep Altuntas, Haldun Onuralp Kamburoglu, Ozan Bitik
Ingrown toenails are painful conditions that especially affect young people and may become chronic if not treated. We describe a case of chronically inflamed ingrown toenail left untreated for three years. In the physical examination, skin bridging and epithelialization was observed in midline secondary to soft tissue hypertrophy of the lateral nail matrixes. Epithelized fibrous tissue was cut across the lateral nail matrix and left for secondary healing. Partial matrixectomy was applied and the remnants were cauterized in compliance with the Winograd procedure after removal of the nail...
November 2014: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
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