keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Anal, colon, rectal

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841901/outcome-of-colon-cancer-initially-presenting-as-colon-perforation-and-obstruction
#1
Tsung-Ming Chen, Yen-Ta Huang, Guan-Chyuan Wang
BACKGROUND: Emergency complications of colon cancer include perforation and obstruction which were recognized as poor prognostic factors. Few studies have directly compared the outcomes of these two groups. In this study, we evaluated mortality and morbidity in patients with colon cancer initially presenting as perforation and obstruction. METHODS: Newly diagnosed colon cancer cases initially presenting with perforation or obstruction at Tzu Chi General Hospital, Hualien, Taiwan, between 2009 and 2015 were included...
August 25, 2017: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838787/surgical-interventions-and-the-use-of-device-aided-therapy-for-the-treatment-of-fecal-incontinence-and-defecatory-disorders
#2
Adil E Bharucha, Satish S C Rao, Andrea Shin
The purpose of this clinical practice update expert review is to describe the key principles in the use of surgical interventions and device-aided therapy for managing fecal incontinence (FI) and defecatory disorders. The best practices outlined in this review are based on relevant publications, including systematic reviews and expert opinion (when applicable). Best Practice Advice 1: A stepwise approach should be followed for management of FI. Conservative therapies (diet, fluids, techniques to improve evacuation, a bowel training program, management of diarrhea and constipation with diet and medications if necessary) will benefit approximately 25% of patients and should be tried first...
August 22, 2017: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797098/comparative-genomics-of-two-super-shedder-isolates-of-escherichia-coli-o157-h7
#3
Robab Katani, Rebecca Cote, Indira T Kudva, Chitrita DebRoy, Terrance M Arthur, Vivek Kapur
Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli O157:H7 (O157) are zoonotic foodborne pathogens and of major public health concern that cause considerable intestinal and extra-intestinal illnesses in humans. O157 colonize the recto-anal junction (RAJ) of asymptomatic cattle who shed the bacterium into the environment through fecal matter. A small subset of cattle, termed super-shedders (SS), excrete O157 at a rate (≥ 104 CFU/g of feces) that is several orders of magnitude greater than other colonized cattle and play a major role in the prevalence and transmission of O157...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737964/laparoscopic-duhamel-procedure-with-ex-anal-rectal-transection-for-right-sided-hirschsprung-s-disease
#4
Xi Zhang, Li Yang, Shao-Tao Tang, Guo-Qing Cao, Shuai Li, Meng Jiang, Meng Xiong, De-Hua Yang, Xiao-Pan Chang, Kang Li, Ya-Zhen Ma
BACKGROUND: Increased defecation frequency and soiling are common complications of surgery for right-sided Hirschsprung's disease (HD). Though the laparoscopic Duhamel procedure is a favorable option in right-sided HD, the conventional laparoscopic technique is time consuming and has complications that are associated with the reservoir. In this study, we described a modified laparoscopic Duhamel technique with ex-anal rectal transection combined with the Deloyer's procedure for right-sided HD...
September 2017: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705638/laparoscopic-assisted-duhamel-procedure-with-ex-anal-rectal-transection-for-total-colonic-aganglionosis
#5
Xi Zhang, Guo-Qing Cao, Shao-Tao Tang, Xiao-Pan Chang, Shuai Li, Li Yang, Kang Li, Ying Zhou, De-Hua Yang
PURPOSE: Laparoscopic-assisted Duhamel procedure has a larger anastomosis and a reservoir which allows early recovery of defecation frequency, but concerns have been raised regarding the long operative time, high incidence of pouchitis and Hirschsprung associated enterocolitis (HAEC). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the postoperative complications and functional outcomes for patients with TCA undergoing modified laparoscopic-assisted Duhamel procedure (MLDP) with ex-abdominal partial colectomy and ex-anal rectal transection...
June 27, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655990/clostridium-septicum-aortitis-with-synchronous-ascending-colon-and-rectal-adenocarcinoma
#6
Deepanshu Jain, Andrew C Kistler, Patricia Kozuch
Clostridium septicum (C. septicum) aortitis is a rare condition frequently associated with colon adenocarcinoma and carries a poor prognosis. We report the case of a 66-year-old man who presented with abdominal pain, blood in the stool, fever and chills. Laboratory tests were significant for leukocytosis and microcytic anemia. Abdominal imaging revealed a right colon mass and aortitis. Colonoscopy confirmed the right colon mass and also discovered a rectal mass, both adenocarcinomas. Treatment consisted of antibiotics, aortic repair, right hemi-colectomy and later trans-anal excision of the rectal mass...
2017: Annals of Gastroenterology: Quarterly Publication of the Hellenic Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655080/-a-retrospective-controlled-clinical-study-of-single-incision-plus-one-port-laparoscopic-surgery-for-sigmoid-colon-and-upper-rectal-cancer
#7
G X Li, J M Li, Y N Wang, H J Deng, T Y Mou, H Liu
Objective: To evaluate the short-term and oncologic outcomes of single-incision plus one port laparoscopic surgery (SILS+ 1) for sigmoid colon and upper rectal cancer. Methods: The clinic data of 46 patients with sigmoid colon and upper rectal cancer underwent SILS+ 1 at Department of General Surgery, Nanfang Hospital, Southern Medical University from September 2013 to September 2014 were retrospectively reviewed (SILS+ 1 group). After generating 1∶1 ration propensity scores given the covariates of age, gender, body mass index, American Society of Anesthesiologists score, surgeons, tumor location, the distance of tumor from anal, tumor diameter, and pathologic TNM stage, 46 patients with sigmoid colon and upper rectal cancer underwent conventional laparoscopic surgery (CLS) in the same time were matched as CLS group...
July 1, 2017: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649870/lubricant-provides-poor-rectal-mucosal-hiv-coverage
#8
Eugenie C Shieh, Ethel D Weld, Edward J Fuchs, Hiwot Hiruy, Karen W Buckheit, Robert W Buckheit, Jennifer Breakey, Craig W Hendrix
Given the rising HIV incidence in men who have sex with men (MSM) despite repeatedly proven effectiveness of oral HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis, behaviorally congruent periodic dosing strategies, such as dosing microbicides as lubricants, are now in demand. Rectal microbicide gel studies largely administer gels using vaginal applicators, which have not been well received and do not mimic lubricant use. We compared rectal gel manually dosed as lubricant with applicator dosing in five healthy, HIV-negative MSM who received 10 or 3...
August 2017: AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601898/varied-facets-of-rectal-atresia-and-rectal-stenosis
#9
Shilpa Sharma, Devendra K Gupta
Rectal atresia (RA) and rectal stenosis (RS) are rare anomalies with varied treatment options. A thorough literature review was done on reported cases/series of RA and RS. Based on evidence from cases managed over last 15 years, new insights into embryology were hypothesized. A comprehensive review was compiled with updated knowledge on diagnosis and management. RA is classified into five types I: II: III: IV: V as RS: RA with septal defect: RA with a fibrous cord between two atretic ends: RA with a gap: Multiple RA and/or RS...
August 2017: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588770/radiation-associated-colon-cancer-a-case-report
#10
Kazuhito Sasaki, Soichiro Ishihara, Keisuke Hata, Tomomichi Kiyomatsu, Hiroaki Nozawa, Kazushige Kawai, Toshiaki Tanaka, Takeshi Nishikawa, Kensuke Otani, Koji Yasuda, Manabu Kaneko, Koji Murono, Hiroyuki Abe, Teppei Morikawa, Toshiaki Watanabe
Radiation-associated colon cancer is a rare clinical entity. We herein describe the case of a patient with radiation-associated colon cancer who had undergone low anterior resection for rectal cancer following preoperative radiotherapy. Certain characteristics of radiation-associated colon cancer are highlighted. The patient was a 48-year-old man who had undergone low anterior resection for rectal cancer following preoperative radiotherapy at a total dose of 50 Gy, at the age of 29 years. When the patient presented at the University of Tokyo Hospital, 19 years after the surgery, he complained of severe anal pain and frequent defecation...
June 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551914/-notes-assisted-endolumenal-rectal-resection-and-specimen-extraction-without-rectal-stump-opening-our-experience-with-this-novel-technique-in-a-porcine-model
#11
Anton Kvasha, Eyal Rosenthal, Muhammad Khalifa, Igor Waksman
INTRODUCTION: Laparoscopic surgery has long been used for colon and rectal resection, and the laparoscopic-assisted approach has prevailed in surgical practice. While this technique includes the fashioning of an intra-corporeal anastomosis, it still requires an abdominal incision for specimen extraction. Elimination of the abdominal incision and its potential complications has been the motivation for the development of natural orifice specimen extraction (NOSE) techniques. Many of these techniques make use of an open rectal stump, which poses as a potential for intra-abdominal contamination...
May 2017: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547933/hybrid-approach-using-laparoscopy-and-transanal-minimally-invasive-surgery-to-treat-rectal-cancer-with-invasion-to-the-seminal-vesicles
#12
Takuya Yamaguchi, Minoru Imai, Dai Uematsu
We treated a 64-year-old man for rectal cancer with direct invasion to the seminal vesicles and no distant metastases by complete resection with laparoscopy and transanal minimally invasive surgery (TAMIS). We inserted the TAMIS device into the anal canal to above the anorectal ring and dissected to prostate level. High ligation of the inferior mesenteric artery and vein was performed by standard medial laparoscopy. The sigmoid and descending colon were mobilized, and in the postrectal space, we dissected to the space made by TAMIS...
May 2017: Asian Journal of Endoscopic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471820/prevalence-of-intestinal-complications-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease-a-comparison-between-paediatric-onset-and-adult-onset-patients
#13
Denise Herzog, Nicolas Fournier, Patrick Buehr, Vanessa Rueger, Rebekka Koller, Klaas Heyland, Andreas Nydegger, Christian P Braegger
INTRODUCTION: Intestinal complications in inflammatory bowel disease indicate active inflammation and typically result in the intensification of therapy. AIM: To analyse whether the rates of intestinal complications were associated with age at disease onset. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Data from 1506 individuals with Crohn's disease (CD) and 1201 individuals with ulcerative colitis (UC) were obtained from the Swiss inflammatory bowel disease cohort study database, classified into groups on the basis of age at diagnosis (<10, <17, <40 and >40 years of age), and retrospectively analysed...
August 2017: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451476/angiosarcoma-of-the-colon-presenting-with-chronic-diarrhea-rectal-bleeding-and-pelvic-discomfort
#14
Asad Jehangir, Brian H Le, Oluwaseun Shogbesan
Colonic angiosarcoma is a rare malignancy representing only 0.0012% of all colorectal malignancies. Due to its non-specific symptoms, diagnosis is often delayed. However, because of the aggressive nature of this malignancy, it is important to keep it in the differential diagnosis of rectal bleeding, pelvic discomfort, chronic diarrhea, and weight loss in patients with risk factors. We present a case of angiosarcoma of the colon in a 74-year-old female with a remote history of chemo-radiation for anal squamous cell carcinoma (ASCC)...
March 26, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414996/a-case-of-multiple-synchronous-quadruple-cancers-of-the-stomach-sigmoid-colon-rectum-and-pancreas
#15
Atsushi Nanashima, Tetsuro Tominaga, Takashi Nonaka, Kouki Wakata, Masaki Kunizaki, Shuichi Tobinaga, Yorihisa Sumida, Shigekazu Hidaka, Naoe Kinoshita, Terumitsu Sawai, Takeshi Nagayasu
INTRODUCTION: Multiple primary neoplasms are relatively rare, but their incidence has increased because of aging and improvements in diagnostic imaging. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 67-year-old man presented with epigastric pain. On upper gastrointestinal endoscopy, an ulcer was seen at the gastric angle, and biopsy showed moderately differentiated adenocarcinoma (AC). Colonoscopy demonstrated a 15-mm lesion in the sigmoid colon and a submucosal lesion in the lower rectum...
2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369422/ileal-pouch-anal-anastomosis-for-dysplasia-or-cancer-complicating-inflammatory-bowel-disease-is-total-mesorectal-excision-always-mandatory-an-analysis-of-36-consecutive-patients
#16
Chloé Coton, Léon Maggiori, Diane Mège, Clotilde Naudot, Justine Prost À la Denise, Yves Panis
Background and Aims: The extent of lymph node harvesting during surgery for colorectal neoplasm [dysplasia and/or cancer] complicating inflammatory bowel disease [IBD] is a matter of debate. This study aimed to assess the risk of invasive rectal cancer in patients undergoing ileal pouch-anal anastomosis [IPAA] for colonic neoplasm complicating IBD, and thus to clarify whether a systematic total mesorectal excision [TME] should be systematically performed, or not, in those patients. Methods: From 1998 to 2015, all patients who underwent IPAA for colorectal neoplasm complicating IBD were included...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Crohn's & Colitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333202/risk-of-rectal-neoplasia-after-colectomy-and-ileorectal-anastomosis-for-ulcerative-colitis
#17
Mathieu Uzzan, Julien Kirchgesner, Nadia Oubaya, Aurélien Amiot, Jean-Marc Gornet, Philippe Seksik, Stéphane Nancey, Eddy Cotte, Matthieu Allez, Gilles Boschetti, David Laharie, Nicola de Angelis, Maria Nachury, Anne-Laure Pelletier, Vered Abitbol, Mathurin Fumery, Antoine Brouquet, Anthony Buisson, Romain Altwegg, Jacques Cosnes, Yves Panis, Xavier Treton
Background and Aims: Colectomy can be required in the management of ulcerative colitis [UC]. While ileal-pouch anal anastomosis [IPAA] is the recommended reconstruction technique, ileorectal anastomosis [IRA] is still performed and might present some advantages. However, the risk of rectal neoplasia might limit its indication. The aims of our study were to determine the incidence of rectal neoplasias following IRA for UC and to identify risk factors associated with rectal carcinomas. Methods: We performed a multicenter retrospective study including patients who underwent IRA for UC from 1960 to 2014 in 13 centers...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Crohn's & Colitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185025/constipation-pathophysiology-and-current-therapeutic-approaches
#18
REVIEW
Amol Sharma, Satish Rao
Chronic constipation is a common, persistent condition affecting many patients worldwide, presenting significant economic burden and resulting in substantial healthcare utilization. In addition to infrequent bowel movements, the definition of constipation includes excessive straining, a sense of incomplete evacuation, failed or lengthy attempts to defecate, use of digital manoeuvres for evacuation of stool, abdominal bloating, and hard consistency of stools. After excluding secondary causes of constipation, chronic idiopathic or primary constipation can be classified as functional defecation disorder, slow-transit constipation (STC), and constipation-predominant irritable bowel syndrome (IBS-C)...
2017: Handbook of Experimental Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152894/engaging-managing-physicians-in-clinical-staging-prior-to-the-initiation-of-cancer-treatment
#19
Carol Huibregtse, Marija Bjegovich-Weidman, James L Weese
143 Background: Managing physicians (medical oncologist, radiation oncologist, surgeons) have a responsibility to clinically stage patients prior to the initiation of cancer treatment. Clinical staging not only directs the treatment plan, but identifies appropriate clinical trials and estimates prognosis. We sought to determine whether engagement of managing physicians would result in increased clinical staging for various types of cancer. METHODS: Baseline data on clinical staging for breast, colorectal (colon, rectal, anal, rectosigmoid junction)*, thoracic (lung esophageal)†, genitourinary (prostate, penis, testes)‡, and pancreatic primary cancers were obtained...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144213/abdominal-approaches-to-rectal-prolapse
#20
REVIEW
Kyla Joubert, Jonathan A Laryea
Rectal prolapse is a debilitating condition with a complex etiology. Symptoms are most commonly prolapse of the rectum and pain with bowel movements or straining, with worsening fecal incontinence over time due to progressive stretching of the anal sphincters. Physical findings are fairly consistent from patient to patient-most notably diastasis of the levator ani muscles, deep pouch of Douglas, redundant sigmoid colon, a mobile mesorectum, and occasionally a solitary rectal ulcer. Evaluation includes a physical exam or imaging demonstrating the prolapse, and evaluating for other causes of pelvic floor dysfunction...
February 2017: Clinics in Colon and Rectal Surgery
keyword
keyword
82155
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"