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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646720/nanoporous-gold-based-microbial-biosensor-for-direct-determination-of-sulfide
#1
Zhuang Liu, Hanyue Ma, Huihui Sun, Rui Gao, Honglei Liu, Xia Wang, Ping Xu, Luying Xun
Environmental pollution caused by sulfide compounds has become a major problem for public health. Hence, there is an urgent need to explore a sensitive, selective, and simple sulfide detection method for environmental monitoring and protection. Here, a novel microbial biosensor was developed using recombinant Escherichia coli BL21 (E. coli BL21) expressing sulfide:quinone oxidoreductase (SQR) for sulfide detection. As an important enzyme involved in the initial step of sulfide metabolism, SQR oxidizes sulfides to polysulfides and transfers electrons to the electron transport chain...
June 20, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646435/eco-friendly-synthesis-of-silver-nanoparticles-using-green-algae-caulerpa-serrulata-reaction-optimization-catalytic-and-antibacterial-activities
#2
Eman F Aboelfetoh, Rania A El-Shenody, Mohamed M Ghobara
Stable colloidal silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) were synthesized using Caulerpa serrulata (green marine algae) aqueous extract as an efficient reducing and stabilizing agent. This method is considered to be a sustainable alternate to the more complicated chemical procedures. To achieve the optimization synthesis of AgNPs, several effects such as extract concentration, contact time, pH values, and temperature were examined. The synthesized AgNPs were characterized by UV-Vis spectroscopy, FT-IR, XRD, and HR-TEM...
July 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646214/structural-and-biochemical-studies-of-sulphotransferase-18-from-arabidopsis-thaliana-explain-its-substrate-specificity-and-reaction-mechanism
#3
Felix Hirschmann, Florian Krause, Petra Baruch, Igor Chizhov, Jonathan Wolf Mueller, Dietmar J Manstein, Jutta Papenbrock, Roman Fedorov
Sulphotransferases are a diverse group of enzymes catalysing the transfer of a sulfuryl group from 3'-phosphoadenosine 5'-phosphosulphate (PAPS) to a broad range of secondary metabolites. They exist in all kingdoms of life. In Arabidopsis thaliana (L.) Heynh. twenty-two sulphotransferase (SOT) isoforms were identified. Three of those are involved in glucosinolate (Gl) biosynthesis, glycosylated sulphur-containing aldoximes containing chemically different side chains, whose break-down products are involved in stress response against herbivores, pathogens, and abiotic stress...
June 23, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646173/transmembrane-interactions-of-full-length-mammalian-bitopic-cytochrome-p450-cytochrome-b5-complex-in-lipid-bilayers-revealed-by-sensitivity-enhanced-dynamic-nuclear-polarization-solid-state-nmr-spectroscopy
#4
Kazutoshi Yamamoto, Marc A Caporini, Sang-Choul Im, Lucy Waskell, Ayyalusamy Ramamoorthy
The dynamic protein-protein and protein-ligand interactions of integral bitopic membrane proteins with a single membrane-spanning helix play a plethora of vital roles in the cellular processes associated with human health and diseases, including signaling and enzymatic catalysis. While an increasing number of high-resolution structural studies of membrane proteins have successfully manifested an in-depth understanding of their biological functions, intact membrane-bound bitopic protein-protein complexes pose tremendous challenges for structural studies by crystallography or solution NMR spectroscopy...
June 23, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645245/transcriptomic-dynamics-in-soybean-near-isogenic-lines-differing-in-alleles-for-an-aphid-resistance-gene-following-infestation-by-soybean-aphid-biotype-2
#5
Sungwoo Lee, Bryan J Cassone, Asela Wijeratne, Tae-Hwan Jun, Andrew P Michel, M A Rouf Mian
BACKGROUND: Genetic resistance of soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr] against Aphis glycines provides effective management of this invasive pest, though the underlying molecular mechanisms are largely unknown. This study aimed to investigate genome-wide changes in gene expressions of soybean near-isogenic lines (NILs) either with the Rag5 allele for resistance or the rag5 allele for susceptibility to the aphid following infestation with soybean aphid biotype 2. RESULTS: The resistant (R)-NIL responded more rapidly to aphid infestation than the susceptible (S)-NIL, with differential expressions of 2496 genes during first 12 h of infestation (hai), compared to the aphid-free control...
June 23, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644918/heterogeneous-microtesla-sabre-enhancement-of-15n-nmr-signals
#6
Kirill V Kovtunov, Larisa M Kovtunova, Max E Gemeinhardt, Andrey V Bukhtiyarov, Jonathan Gesiorski, Valerii I Bukhtiyarov, Eduard Y Chekmenev, Igor V Koptyug, Boyd Goodson
The hyperpolarization of heteronuclei via Signal Amplification by Reversible Exchange (SABRE) was investigated under conditions of heterogeneous catalysis and microtesla magnetic fields. Immobilization of [IrCl(COD)(IMes)], [IMes = 1,3-bis(2,4,6-trimethylphenyl), imidazole-2-ylidene; COD = cyclooctadiene] catalyst onto silica particles modified with NH2(CH2)3- linkers engenders an effective heterogeneous SABRE (HET-SABRE) catalyst that was used to demonstrate ~102-fold enhancement of 15N NMR signals in pyridine at 9...
June 23, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644479/enzymatic-catalysis-new-functional-twists-for-p450s
#7
Rudi Fasan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 23, 2017: Nature Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644469/cooperative-polymerization-of-%C3%AE-helices-induced-by-macromolecular-architecture
#8
Ryan Baumgartner, Hailin Fu, Ziyuan Song, Yao Lin, Jianjun Cheng
Catalysis observed in enzymatic processes and protein polymerizations often relies on the use of supramolecular interactions and the organization of functional elements in order to gain control over the spatial and temporal elements of fundamental cellular processes. Harnessing these cooperative interactions to catalyse reactions in synthetic systems, however, remains challenging due to the difficulty in creating structurally controlled macromolecules. Here, we report a polypeptide-based macromolecule with spatially organized α-helices that can catalyse its own formation...
July 2017: Nature Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644034/predicting-the-oxygen-binding-properties-of-platinum-nanoparticle-ensembles-by-combining-high-precision-electron-microscopy-dft
#9
Jolyon Aarons, Lewys Jones, Aakash Varambhia, Katherine E MacArthur, Dogan Ozkaya, Misbah Sarwar, Chris-Kriton Skylaris, Peter D Nellist
Many studies of heterogeneous catalysis, both experimental and computational, make use of idealised structures such as extended surfaces or regular polyhedral nanoparticles. This simplification neglects the morphological diversity in real commercial oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) catalysts used in fuel-cell cathodes. Here we introduce an approach that combines 3D nanoparticle structures obtained from high-throughput high-precision electron microscopy with density functional theory. Discrepancies between experimental observations and cuboctahedral/truncated-octahedral particles are revealed and discussed using a range of widely used descriptors, such as electron-density, d-band centres and generalised coordination numbers...
June 23, 2017: Nano Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644024/direct-visible-light-excited-asymmetric-lewis-acid-catalysis-of-intermolecular-2-2-photocycloadditions
#10
Xiaoqiang Huang, Taylor Robyn Quinn, Klaus Harms, Richard D Webster, Lilu Zhang, Olaf Wiest, Eric Meggers
A reaction design is reported in which a substrate-bound chiral Lewis acid complex absorbs visible light and generates an excited state which directly reacts with a co-substrate in a highly stereocontrolled fashion. Specifically, a chiral rhodium complex catalyzes visible-light-activated intermolecular [2+2] cycloadditions, providing a wide range of cyclobutanes with up to >99% ee and up to >20:1 d.r. Noteworthy is the ability to create vicinal all-carbon-quaternary stereocenters including spiro centers in an intermolecular fashion...
June 23, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643885/a-critical-assessment-of-the-direct-catalytic-oxidation-of-methane-to-methanol
#11
Manoj Ravi, Marco Ranocchiari, Jeroen A van Bokhoven
Despite the emerging number of disparate approaches for the direct selective partial oxidation of methane, none of them has translated into an industrial process. The oxidation of methane to methanol is a difficult yet intriguing and rewarding task as it has the potential to eliminate the prevalent natural gas flaring by providing novel routes to its valorisation. This review considers the synthesis of methanol and methanol derivatives from methane by homogeneous and heterogeneous pathways. In establishing the severe limitations related to the direct catalytic synthesis of methanol from methane, we highlight the vastly superior performance of systems, which produce methanol derivatives or incorporate specific measures such as the use of multi-component catalysts to stabilise methanol...
June 23, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643514/nitroalkenes-as-latent-1-2-biselectrophiles-a-multicatalytic-approach-for-the-synthesis-of-1-4-diketones-and-their-application-in-a-4-step-one-pot-reaction-to-polysubstituted-pyrroles
#12
Patrick J W Fuchs, Kirsten Zeitler
A NHC-catalyzed Nitro-Stetter/elimination/Stetter reaction sequence employs nitroalkenes as latent 1,2-dication synthons providing a novel access to highly useful symmetrical and unsymmetrical 2-aryl substituted 1,4 diketone building blocks from commercially available aldehyde precursors. For less activated (aliphatic) aldehydes a cooperative catalytic strategy has been developed via the merger of NHC and H-bonding catalysis. To further showcase the versatility of our approach a great variety of these unprecedented 1,4 diketones are used to efficiently synthesize polysubstituted pyrroles - including those with hetaryl substituents - in good to excellent yields in a multicatalytic metal-free, 4-step one-pot-cascade reaction under mild, yet robust conditions...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Organic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643349/a-qm-mm-study-of-the-catalytic-mechanism-of-sam-methyltransferase-rlmn-from-escherichia-coli
#13
Chenxiao Zhao, Lihua Dong, Yongjun Liu
RlmN is a radical S-adenosylmethionine (SAM) enzyme that catalyzes the C2 methylation of adenosine 2503 (A2503) in 23S rRNA and adenosine 37 (A37) in several Escherichia coli transfer RNAs (tRNA). The catalytic reaction of RlmN is distinctly different from that of typical SAM-dependent methyltransferases that employs an SN 2 mechanism, but follows a ping-pong mechanism which involves the intermediate methylation of a conserved cysteine residue. Recently, the x-ray structure of a key intermediate in the RlmN reaction has been reported, allowing us to perform combined quantum mechanics and molecular mechanics (QM/MM) calculations to delineate the reaction details of RlmN at atomic level...
June 23, 2017: Proteins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642967/strategies-for-characterization-of-enzymatic-nucleic-acids
#14
Fatemeh Javadi-Zarnaghi, Claudia Höbartner
Practical application of enzymatic nucleic acids has received more attention in recent years. Understanding the mechanism of catalysis and availability of information on potentials and limitations of these enzymes expands their application scope. A general approach for characterization of functional macromolecules including enzymatic nucleic acids is to perturb a specific set of condition and to follow the perturbation effect by biophysical and biochemical methods. This chapter reviews several perturbation strategies for functional nucleic acids, including deletion, mutation, and modifications of backbone and nucleobases, and consequent kinetic analysis, spectroscopic investigations, and probing assays...
June 23, 2017: Advances in Biochemical Engineering/biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642622/self-assembled-cubic-boron-nitride-nanodots
#15
Alireza Khanaki, Zhongguang Xu, Hao Tian, Renjing Zheng, Zheng Zuo, Jian-Guo Zheng, Jianlin Liu
One of the low-dimensional Boron Nitride (BN) forms, namely, cubic-BN (c-BN) nanodots (NDs), offers a variety of novel opportunities in battery, biology, deep ultraviolet light emitting diodes, sensors, filters, and other optoelectronic applications. To date, the attempts towards producing c-BN NDs were mainly performed under extreme high-temperature/high-pressure conditions and resulted in c-BN NDs with micrometer sizes, mixture of different BN phases, and containing process-related impurities/contaminants...
June 22, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641003/synthesis-and-anti-inflammatory-evaluation-of-2-aminobenzaldehydes-via-ir-iii-catalyzed-c-h-amidation-of-aldimines-with-acyl-azides
#16
Saegun Kim, Prashant Chakrasali, Hyo Sun Suh, Neeraj Kumar Mishra, Taeyoung Kim, Sang Hoon Han, Hyung Sik Kim, Byung-Moo Lee, Soo Bong Han, In Su Kim
The aldimine-directed C-H amidation of various arenes with N-acyl azides as amidation surrogates under cationic iridium(III) catalysis is described. This transformation efficiently provides a range of 2-aminobenzaldehydes derivatives with excellent site-selectivity and functional group compatibility. The resulting 2-aminobenzaldehyde framework provides facile access to a range of biologically interesting heterocycles. In addition, all synthetic compounds were screened for anti-inflammatory activity against interleukin-1β (IL-1β) and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) with lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced RAW264...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Organic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640998/oximes-and-hydrazones-in-bioconjugation-mechanism-and-catalysis
#17
Dominik K Kölmel, Eric T Kool
The formation of oximes and hydrazones is employed in numerous scientific fields as a simple and versatile conjugation strategy. This imine-forming reaction is applied in fields as diverse as polymer chemistry, biomaterials and hydrogels, dynamic combinatorial chemistry, organic synthesis, and chemical biology. Here we outline chemical developments in this field, with special focus on the past ∼10 years of developments. Recent strategies for installing reactive carbonyl groups and α-nucleophiles into biomolecules are described...
June 22, 2017: Chemical Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640630/suzuki-miyaura-cross-coupling-of-n-acylpyrroles-and-pyrazoles-planar-electronically-activated-amides-in-catalytic-n-c-cleavage
#18
Guangrong Meng, Roman Szostak, Michal Szostak
The formation of C-C bonds from amides by catalytic activation of the amide bond has been thus far possible by steric distortion. Herein, we report the first example of a general Pd-catalyzed Suzuki-Miyaura cross-coupling of planar amides enabled by the combination of (i) electronic-activation of the amide nitrogen in N-acylpyrroles and pyrazoles and (ii) the use of a versatile Pd-NHC catalysis platform. The origin and selectivity of forming acylmetals, including the role of twist, are discussed.
June 22, 2017: Organic Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640600/horse-liver-alcohol-dehydrogenase-zinc-coordination-and-catalysis
#19
Bryce V Plapp, Baskar Raj Savarimuthu, Daniel J Ferraro, Jon K Rubach, Eric N Brown, Subramanian Ramaswamy
: During catalysis by liver alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH), a water bound to the catalytic zinc is replaced by the oxygen of the substrates. The mechanism may involve a pentacoordinated zinc or a double displacement reaction with participation by a nearby glutamate residue, as suggested by studies of human ADH3, yeast ADH1 and some other tetrameric ADHs. Zinc coordination and participation of water in the enzyme mechanism were investigated by X-ray crystallography. Apoenzyme and its complex with adenosine 5'-diphosphoribose have an open protein conformation with the catalytic zinc in one position, tetracoordinated by Cys-46, His-67, Cys-174 and a water molecule...
June 22, 2017: Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640522/defective-tungsten-oxide-hydrate-nanosheets-for-boosting-aerobic-coupling-of-amines-synergistic-catalysis-by-oxygen-vacancies-and-br%C3%A3-nsted-acid-sites
#20
Ning Zhang, Xiyu Li, Yifei Liu, Ran Long, Mengqiao Li, Shuangming Chen, Zeming Qi, Chengming Wang, Li Song, Jun Jiang, Yujie Xiong
Adsorption and activation of molecules on a surface holds the key to heterogeneous catalysis toward aerobic oxidative reactions. To achieve high catalytic activities, a catalyst surface should be rationally tailored to interact with both organic substrates and oxygen molecules. Here, a facile bottom-up approach to defective tungsten oxide hydrate (WO3 ·H2 O) nanosheets that contain both surface defects and lattice water is reported. The defective WO3 ·H2 O nanosheets exhibit excellent catalytic activity for aerobic coupling of amines to imines...
June 22, 2017: Small
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