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Julie M Barkmeier-Kraemer, Chris Linn, Heather L Thompson, Robert S Byrd, Mary Beth Steinfeld, Raymond G Hoffmann, Alan H Silverman
OBJECTIVES: The Infant and Child Feeding Questionnaire© (ICFQ©) was created to facilitate early detection of feeding and swallowing problems. This is achieved by promoting effective communication between caregivers and healthcare providers resulting in referral for evaluation and treatment of feeding and swallowing problems by specialists. The purpose of this pilot study was to determine whether items from the ICFQ© could be used to screen for differences between children with known (FP) and without known feeding problems (NFP)...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
Jee Woong Choi, Bo Ri Kim, Eunmi Seo, Sang Woong Youn
There are no detailed studies of the prevalence of nail psoriasis and clinical characteristics of psoriatic nail involvement, including nail features associated with disease severity. Therefore, we designed a study to investigate the prevalence and characteristics of psoriatic nail involvement in patients with psoriasis and determine the relationship between psoriatic nail features and severity of nail psoriasis and cutaneous psoriasis. The Nail Psoriasis Severity Index (NAPSI) was used for evaluation of the severity of nail lesions...
September 7, 2016: Journal of Dermatology
A Parlakian, D Paulin, A Izmiryan, Z Xue, Z Li
Characteristics of the intermediate filament proteins (IFPs) expressed during the development and cell differentiation of peripheral neurons are here reviewed. Neurofilament triplet proteins (NFPs), peripherin, α-internexin, synemin, syncoilin, nestin, vimentin and glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) are each produced by different genes. NFPs, the most extensively studied, are thought to maintain axonal caliber, thus ensuring normal axonal transport, but this network is highly disrupted in several diseases, particularly motor neuron diseases...
October 2016: Revue Neurologique
Susan M Jack, Marilyn Ford-Gilboe, C Nadine Wathen, Danielle M Davidov, Diane B McNaughton, Jeffrey H Coben, David L Olds, Harriet L MacMillan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: BMC Health Services Research
Ann John, Chukwudi Okolie, Alison Porter, Chris Moore, Gareth Thomas, Richard Whitfield, Rossana Oretti, Helen Snooks
BACKGROUND: Non-accidental non-fatal poisoning (NANFP) is associated with high risk of repeat episodes and fatality. This cross-sectional study aims to describe the data sources and epidemiology of non-fatal poisonings (NFPs) presenting to the emergency ambulance service. METHODS: We assessed incidents of NFP across Wales from electronic ambulance call centre records and paper records completed by attending ambulance crews, December 2007 to February 2008. We descriptively analysed data completed by attending crews...
2016: BMJ Open
Kana Miyata, Masahiro Hayafune, Yoshihiro Kobae, Hanae Kaku, Yoko Nishizawa, Yoshiki Masuda, Naoto Shibuya, Tomomi Nakagawa
In legume-specific rhizobial symbiosis, host plants perceive rhizobial signal molecules, Nod factors, by a couple of LysM receptor like kinases, NFR1/LYK3 and NFR5/NFP, and activate symbiotic responses through the downstream signaling components required also for arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) symbiosis. Recently, rice NFR1/LYK3 ortholog, OsCERK1, was shown to play crucial roles for AM symbiosis. On the other hand, the roles of NFR5/NFP ortholog in rice have not been elucidated, while it has been shown that NFR5/NFP orthologs, Parasponia PaNFR5 and tomato SlRLK10, engage in AM symbiosis...
August 12, 2016: Plant & Cell Physiology
Jeyce K F Andrade, Márcia I F Souza, Manoel A Gomes Filho, Diogo M F Silva, André L S Barros, Maria D Rodrigues, Paulo B N Silva, Silene C Nascimento, Jaciana S Aguiar, Dalci J Brondani, Gardênia C G Militão, Teresinha G Silva
BACKGROUND: Nitrofurantoin is a nitroderivative antibiotic that has bactericidal activity against pathogens causing urinary tract infection. A few studies have reported that nitrofurantoin has cytotoxic activity against cancer cells; however, nitrofurans remain a poorly explored class of compounds with respect to their anticancer potential. The aim of this study was to investigate the anticancer effects of a nitrofurantoin derivative, n-pentyl-nitrofurantoin (NFP), on HL-60 leukemia cells...
October 2016: Pharmacological Reports: PR
Sami Saidi, Raja Ben Amar
The enzymatic hydrolysis using Prolyve BS coupled to membrane process (Ultrafiltration (UF) and nanofiltration (NF)) is a means of biotransformation of tuna protein waste to Tuna protein hydrolysate (TPH) with higher added values. This method could be an effective solution for the production of bioactive compounds used in various biotechnological applications and minimizing the pollution problems generated by the seafood processing industries. The amino acid composition, functional and antioxidant properties of produced TPH were evaluated...
August 4, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Heather Aldrich, Bonnie Gance-Cleveland
Objectives A cross-sectional study comparing weight-for-length status of children 6-24 months old who participated in Nurse-Family Partnership (NFP) or Special Supplemental Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC). Methods Secondary analysis of NFP (n = 44,980) and WIC (n = 31,294) national datasets was conducted to evaluate infant and toddler growth trajectories. Weight-for-length status was calculated at 6, 12, 18, and 24 months based on World Health Organization criteria. Demographics and breastfeeding rates were also evaluated...
August 2, 2016: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Christopher W Kulp, Jeremy M Chobot, Helena R Freitas, Gene D Sprechini
Electrocardiogram (ECG) data from patients with a variety of heart conditions are studied using ordinal pattern partition networks. The ordinal pattern partition networks are formed from the ECG time series by symbolizing the data into ordinal patterns. The ordinal patterns form the nodes of the network and edges are defined through the time ordering of the ordinal patterns in the symbolized time series. A network measure, called the mean degree, is computed from each time series-generated network. In addition, the entropy and number of non-occurring ordinal patterns (NFP) is computed for each series...
July 2016: Chaos
Brian C Toy, Tyler Aguinaldo, Joseph Eliason, James Egbert
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: To compare nonmydriatic fundus photography (nFP) screening for diabetic retinopathy (DR) with clinical dilated fundus examination (DFE) in a safety-net setting. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective, institutional cohort study of 6,911 patients undergoing nFP screening for DR between 2008 and 2012. A subset of 1,521 patients underwent DFE, and clinical DR grade was compared with nFP DR grade. RESULTS: nFP screening demonstrated 17% prevalence of any DR, with moderate nonproliferative diabetic retinopathy (NPDR) or worse present in 5% of patients...
July 1, 2016: Ophthalmic Surgery, Lasers & Imaging Retina
Claudia González-Vallejo, Bethany D Lavins, Kristina A Carter
UNLABELLED: Consumers' judgments and choices of the nutritional value of food products (cereals and snacks) were studied as a function of using information in the Nutrition Facts Panel (NFP, National Labeling and Education Act, 1990). Brunswik's lens model (Brunswik, 1955; Cooksey, 1996; Hammond, 1955; Stewart, 1988) served as the theoretical and analytical tool for examining the judgment process. Lens model analysis was further enriched with the criticality of predictors' technique developed by Azen, Budescu, & Reiser (2001)...
October 1, 2016: Appetite
Caihua Tang, Ganghua Tang, Siyuan Gao, Shaoyu Liu, Fuhua Wen, Baoguo Yao, Dahong Nie
In this study, radiosynthesis and biological evaluation of a new [18F]labeled glutamine analogue, N-(2-[18F]fluoropropionyl)-L-glutamine ([18F]FPGLN) for tumor PET imaging are performed. [18F]FPGLN was synthesized via a two-step reaction sequence from 4-nitrophenyl-2-[18F]fluoropropionate ([18F]NFP) with a decay-corrected yield of 30 ± 5% (n=10) and a specific activity of 48 ± 10 GBq/μmol after 125 ± 5 min of radiosynthesis. The biodistribution of [18F]FPGLN was determined in normal Kunming mice and high uptake of [18F]FPGLN was observed within the kidneys and quickly excreted through the urinary bladder...
June 7, 2016: Oncotarget
Motoki Toganoh, Hideaki Matsuo, Ayumi Sato, Hiroyuki Furuta
Ruthenocene-type hybrid complexes with N-fused porphyrinato ligands, [Ru(NFp)Cp] (NFp=N-fused porphyrin, Cp=cyclopentadienyl), have been prepared and characterized by NMR and UV/Vis/NIR spectroscopy, cyclovoltammetry, and X-ray crystallography. [Ru(NFp)Cp] is a common low-spin ruthenium(II) complex and shows strong aromaticity. The Ru-Cp distance (1.833 Å) in [Ru(NFp)Cp] is comparable to that in [RuCp2 ] (1.840 Å). DFT calculations on [Ru(NFp)Cp] showed the unequivocal contribution of the RuCp moiety as well as the NFp moiety to both the HOMO and LUMO, constructing a three-dimensional d-π conjugated system...
June 6, 2016: Chemistry: a European Journal
Kannan Shanmugam, Karthik Subburathinam, Arunachalam Velayuthampalayam Palanisamy
MANET is commonly known as Mobile Ad Hoc Network in which cluster of mobile nodes can communicate with each other without having any basic infrastructure. The basic characteristic of MANET is dynamic topology. Due to the dynamic behavior nature, the topology of the network changes very frequently, and this will lead to the failure of the valid route repeatedly. Thus, the process of finding the valid route leads to notable drop in the throughput of the network. To identify a new valid path to the targeted mobile node, available proactive routing protocols use simple broadcasting method known as simple flooding...
2016: TheScientificWorldJournal
Richard J Fehring
The purpose of this study was to determine the influence of contraception, abortion, and natural family planning (NFP) on divorce rates of US women of reproductive age. The variables of importance of religion and frequency of church attendance were also included in the analysis. The study involved 5,530 reproductive age women in the (2006-2010) National Survey of Family Growth who indicate that they were ever married. Among the women who ever used NFP only 9.6 percent were currently divorced compared with the 14...
August 2015: Linacre Quarterly
Ana Lilia Salas, María Rosa Alberto, Iris Catiana Zampini, Ana Soledad Cuello, Luis Maldonado, José Luis Ríos, Guillermo Schmeda-Hirschmann, María Inés Isla
BACKGROUND: Propolis is a bioactive natural product collected by honeybees (Apis mellifera) from plant sources. PURPOSE: This study was undertaken to determine the effect of propolis extracts from arid region of Argentina, on the activity/expression of pro-inflammatory enzymes, and as potential free radical scavenger, antifungal and anthelmintic agent as well as to get a first insight into the polyphenolic profile of the active fractions. STUDY DESIGN/METHODS: Two propolis samples were collected in different time from hives located in Tucumán, Argentina...
January 15, 2016: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
Young Min Ok, Ji Hyun Cheon, Eun Ji Choi, Eun Jung Chang, Ho Myung Lee, Kyung Hoon Kim
BACKGROUND: Neuropathic pain, including paresthesia/dysesthesia in the lower extremities, always develops and remains for at least one month, to variable degrees, after percutaneous endoscopic lumbar discectomy (PELD). The recently discovered dual analgesic mechanisms of action, similar to those of antidepressants and anticonvulsants, enable nefopam (NFP) to treat neuropathic pain. This study was performed to determine whether NFP might reduce the neuropathic pain component of postoperative pain...
January 2016: Korean Journal of Pain
Nathan S Pratt, Brenna D Ellison, Aaron S Benjamin, Manabu T Nakamura
Consumers have difficulty using nutrition information. We hypothesized that graphically delivering information of select nutrients relative to a target would allow individuals to process information in time-constrained settings more effectively than numerical information. Objectives of the study were to determine the efficacy of the graphical method in (1) improving memory of nutrient information and (2) improving consumer purchasing behavior in a restaurant. Values of fiber and protein per calorie were 2-dimensionally plotted alongside a target box...
January 2016: Nutrition Research
M Kasalický, E Koblihová
INTRODUCTION: In 2016 60 years will have elapsed from the first publication by Nissen about his surgical method of 360° fundoplication around distal esophagus and its final effect. Nissens fundoplication is currently the most common surgical method for the gastroesophageal reflux (GER) and hiatal hernia (HH) probably. Incidence of HH ranges between 25-50% in the western population. Current prevalence of GER ranges between 4-10% in Europe and 5-7% in North America, but some studies report even 10-20%...
December 2015: Rozhledy V Chirurgii: Měsíčník Československé Chirurgické Společnosti
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