keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

craniopharyngioma endocrine

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588886/endoscopic-endonasal-transplanum-transtuberculum-approach-for-the-resection-of-a-large-suprasellar-craniopharyngioma
#1
João Mangussi-Gomes, Eduardo A Vellutini, Huy Q Truong, Felix H Pahl, Aldo C Stamm
Objectives  To demonstrate an endoscopic endonasal transplanum transtuberculum approach for the resection of a large suprasellar craniopharyngioma. Design  Single-case-based operative video. Setting  Tertiary center with dedicated skull base team. Participants  A 72-year-old male patient diagnosed with a suprasellar craniopharyngioma. Main Outcomes Measured  Surgical resection of the tumor and preservation of the normal surrounding neurovascular structures. Results  A 72-year-old male patient presented with a 1-year history of progressive bitemporal visual loss...
April 2018: Journal of Neurological Surgery. Part B, Skull Base
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29543211/-preoperative-and-postoperative-endocrine-disorders-associated-with-pituitary-stalk-injuries-caused-by-suprasellar-growing-tumors
#2
B A Kadashev, A N Konovalov, L I Astaf'eva, P L Kalinin, M A Kutin, I S Klochkova, D V Fomichev, O I Sharipov, D N Andreev
The pituitary stalk (PS) is a relatively thin bundle connecting the hypophyseal stalk to the pituitary gland; it consists of both axons of the hypothalamic nuclei (terminating in the neurohypophysis) and the system of portal vessels. Compression of the PS by a space-occupying lesion or its transection (forced or intended) during surgery may lead to the development of endocrine disorders: hypopituitarism, diabetes insipidus, and hyperprolactinemia. The modern literature lacks studies evaluating the severity of endocrine disorders depending on the PS condition before and after surgery...
2018: Zhurnal Voprosy Neĭrokhirurgii Imeni N. N. Burdenko
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29539631/urgent-optic-nerve-decompression-via-an-endoscopic-endonasal-transsphenoidal-approach-for-craniopharyngioma-in-a-12-month-old-infant-a-case-report
#3
Teishiki Shibata, Motoki Tanikawa, Tomohiro Sakata, Mitsuhito Mase
Craniopharyngiomas are benign tumors and account for approximately 5.6-13% of all intracranial tumors in children. Diagnosis of pediatric craniopharyngioma is often delayed until the tumor becomes relatively large and manifests severe visual and/or endocrine disturbance. Endoscopic endonasal approaches have recently been introduced to surgery for craniopharyngioma. These techniques, however, have rarely been utilized in patients affected with craniopharyngioma as young as 1 year old. This report documents a 12-month-old male infant with sellar craniopharyngioma who presented with acute total vision loss...
March 14, 2018: Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29522935/extended-endoscopic-endonasal-approach-for-recurrent-or-residual-symptomatic-craniopharyngiomas
#4
Bin Tang, Limin Xiao, Shenhao Xie, Guanlin Huang, Zhigang Wang, Dongwei Zhou, Erming Zeng, Tao Hong
OBJECTIVES: Removal of recurrent or residual symptomatic craniopharyngiomas is more challenging than the primary surgery. The extended endoscopic endonasal (EEE) approach has been proposed an alternative surgical route for removal of various suprasellar tumors including craniopharyngiomas currently. In this study, we summarized the operative experience and described the feasibility and advantages of this technique in recurrent or residual symptomatic craniopharyngiomas. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of 15 patients (9 males and 6 females) whom underwent EEE approach between April 2012 and February 2017, were included in this study...
February 6, 2018: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29498601/edema-of-the-optic-tract-in-patients-with-tumors-of-the-sellar-region-clinical-and-visual-implications-in-the-pediatric-population
#5
Aurore Bussat, Maia Proisy, Bertrand Bruneau, Guillaume Bouzillé, Céline Chappé, Laurent Riffaud
OBJECTIVE Tumor-related edema of the optic tract (EOT) corresponds to a preferential posterior distribution of peritumoral edema along the white matter tract of the visual system. To date, the consequences of EOT have never been evaluated specifically in the pediatric population. In this study, the authors attempted to identify clinical and radiological features associated with the development of EOT and the specific influence of this edema on visual function. METHODS A retrospective review was performed of data collected from patients younger than 18 years who underwent surgery for a tumor in the sellar region at the authors' institution between January 2005 and January 2016...
March 2, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442342/a-ten-year-follow-up-study-of-treatment-outcome-of-craniopharyngiomas
#6
Lukas Andereggen, Benjamin Hess, Robert Andres, Marwan El-Koussy, Luigi Mariani, Andreas Raabe, Rolf W Seiler, Emanuel Christ
PURPOSE: Craniopharyngioma-related hypothalamic obesity is a devastating complication with limited data on whether long-term follow-up should focus on problems other than endocrine deficiencies and weight gain. The primary endpoint was the assessment of predictors of hypothalamic obesity development; the secondary endpoint was the assessment of functional outcome (endocrine deficiencies, visual acuity) at long-term follow-up. METHODS: This retrospective case-note study examined craniopharyngioma patients with at least 2 years of follow-up...
February 14, 2018: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29404254/contralateral-minimum-anterior-and-posterior-combined-petrosal-approach-for-retrochiasmatic-craniopharyngiomas-an-alternative-technique
#7
Sachin Ranganatha Goudihalli, Hiroki Morisako, Wimba Prastarana, Takeo Goto, Hiroki Ohata, Kenji Ohata
Retrochiasmatic craniopharyngiomas (RC) are a challenge for the neurosurgeon to treat surgically, restrained by their location in the interpeduncular fossa, surrounded by vital neurovascular structures, narrow corridor and poor visibility. Many approaches are possible and elucidated in the literature, which the surgeon chooses, based on multiple factors, such as the size of tumor, calcification, laterality, preoperative neurological deficits and the endocrine function status, recurrence, postradiotherapy status, or significant superior and/or posterior extension...
February 2018: Journal of Neurological Surgery. Part B, Skull Base
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29363000/pituitary-xanthogranulomas-clinical-features-radiological-appearances-and-post-operative-outcomes
#8
R Ved, N Logier, P Leach, J S Davies, C Hayhurst
BACKGROUND: Xanthogranulomas are inflammatory masses most commonly found at peripheral sites such as the skin. Sellar and parasellar xanthogranulomas are rare and present a diagnostic challenge as they are difficult to differentiate from other sellar lesions such as craniopharyngiomas and Rathke's cleft cysts pre-operatively. Their radiological imaging features are yet to be clearly defined, and clinical outcomes after surgery are also uncertain. This study reviews clinical presentation, radiological appearances, and clinical outcomes in a cohort of patients with pituitary xanthogranulomas...
January 23, 2018: Pituitary
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230635/quality-of-life-and-growth-after-childhood-craniopharyngioma-results-of-the-multinational-trial-kraniopharyngeom-2007
#9
Kerstin Heinks, Svenja Boekhoff, Anika Hoffmann, Monika Warmuth-Metz, Maria Eveslage, Junxiang Peng, Gabriele Calaminus, Hermann L Müller
CONTEXT: Quality of life (QoL) after childhood-onset craniopharyngioma (CP) is frequently impaired due to tumor and/or treatment-related factors such as endocrine deficits and hypothalamic involvement/lesions. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In a multinational trial, we prospectively analyzed parental and self-assessment of CP patient QoL at 3 months, 1 and 3 years after CP diagnosis related to growth hormone (GH) substitution. 47 of 194 CP recruited between 2007 and 2015 in KRANIOPHARYNGEOM 2007 were analyzed for QoL 1 and 3 years after CP diagnosis...
February 2018: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185147/predicting-pituitary-stalk-position-by-in-vivo-visualization-of-the-hypothalamo-hypophyseal-tract-in-craniopharyngioma-using-diffusion-tensor-imaging-tractography
#10
Fuyu Wang, Jinli Jiang, Jiashu Zhang, Qun Wang
The pituitary stalk (PS) is crucial to endocrine function and water-electrolyte equilibrium. Preservation of the PS during craniopharyngioma (CP) surgery is critical; however, in a pathological state, it is difficult to identify. The hypothalamo-hypophyseal tract (HHT) connects the hypothalamus and the posterior pituitary gland and projects through the PS. Thus, visualization of the HHT can help locate the PS. Preoperative visualization of the neural fasciculus has been widely achieved using diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) tractography...
November 28, 2017: Neurosurgical Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171802/is-the-chiasm-pituitary-corridor-size-important-for-achieving-gross-total-resection-during-endonasal-endoscopic-resection-of-craniopharyngiomas
#11
Sacit Bulent Omay, João Paulo Almeida, Yu-Ning Chen, Sathwik R Shetty, Buqing Liang, Shilei Ni, Vijay K Anand, Theodore H Schwartz
OBJECTIVE Craniopharyngiomas arise from the pituitary stalk, and in adults they are generally located posterior to the chiasm extending up into the third ventricle. The extended endonasal approach (EEA) can provide an ideal corridor between the bottom of the optic chiasm and the top of the pituitary gland (chiasm-pituitary corridor [CPC]) for their removal. A narrow CPC in patients with a prefixed chiasm and a large tumor extending up and behind the chiasm has been considered a contraindication to EEA, with a high risk of visual deterioration and subtotal resection...
November 24, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157488/l%C3%A2-hypophyse-et-ses-traitements-comment-peuvent-ils-influer-sur-le-comportement-the-pituitary-and-its-treatments-how-can-they-influence-behaviour
#12
C Mouly, F Borson-Chazot, P Caron
Behaviour may be influenced by pituitary hormones or treatments. Dopamine agonist (DA) indicated in prolactinomas treatment can cause side effects, and especially impulse control disorders. In the context of prolactinomas treatment, impulse control disorders (ICD) have been reported like gambling, compulsive shopping, but mostly hypersexuality. These ICD can occur with low AD doses, and seem to be independent of type of molecule and psychiatric medical history. The main pathophysiologic hypothesis is a dysregulation of dopaminergic pathway involved in reward system...
October 2017: Annales D'endocrinologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935367/from-symptom-to-diagnosis-the-prediagnostic-symptomatic-interval-of-pediatric-central-nervous-system-tumors-in-austria
#13
Amedeo A Azizi, Kirsten Heßler, Ulrike Leiss, Chryssa Grylli, Monika Chocholous, Andreas Peyrl, Johannes Gojo, Irene Slavc
BACKGROUND: Children with central nervous system (CNS) tumours may present with a multitude of symptoms, ranging from elevated intracranial pressure to focal neurological deficit. In everyday practice, some signs may be misleading, thereby causing prolonged prediagnostic symptomatic intervals. Prediagnostic symptomatic intervals are longer for pediatric brain tumors than for other childhood malignancies. This study evaluated prediagnostic symptomatic intervals and parental and diagnostic intervals for pediatric patients with CNS tumours in Austria...
August 18, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918496/recurrent-papillary-craniopharyngioma-with-brafv600e-mutation-treated-with-neoadjuvant-targeted-therapy
#14
Elham Rostami, Petra Witt Nyström, Sylwia Libard, Johan Wikström, Olivera Casar-Borota, Olafur Gudjonsson
Craniopharyngiomas are histologically benign but locally aggressive tumors in the sellar region that may cause devastating neurological and endocrine deficits. They tend to recur following surgery with high morbidity; hence, postoperative radiotherapy is recommended following sub-total resection. BRAFV600E mutation is the principal oncogenic driver in the papillary variant of craniopharyngiomas. Recently, a dramatic tumor reduction has been reported in a patient with BRAFV600E mutated, multiply recurrent papillary craniopharyngioma using a combination therapy of BRAF inhibitor dabrafenib and MEK inhibitor trametinib...
November 2017: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883874/treatment-of-cystic-craniopharyngioma-with-intracystic-stereotactic-instillation-of-phosphorus-32
#15
Sohrab Shahzadi, Ahmad Soltani, Andia Shahzadi, Khosrow Parsa
OBJECTIVE: Cystic craniopharyngiomas are considered the most common intracranial nonglial tumor in children with the tendency for cyst formations. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of intracystic phosphorus 32 (P32) therapies on controlling the growth of the cystic component of craniopharyngioma. MATERIALS & METHODS: This clinical study was conducted on 47 patients with cystic craniopharyngioma from March 1998 to June 2012 at Shohada Tajrish Hospital, Tehran, Iran...
2017: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838874/outcomes-after-endoscopic-endonasal-resection-of-craniopharyngiomas-in-the-pediatric-population
#16
Vishal S Patel, Andrew Thamboo, Jennifer Quon, Jayakar V Nayak, Peter H Hwang, Michael Edwards, Zara M Patel
BACKGROUND: Craniopharyngiomas have traditionally been treated via open transcranial approaches. More recently, endoscopic transsphenoidal approaches have been increasingly used; however, few case series exist in the pediatric population. METHODS: A retrospective review of patients (aged <18 years) undergoing endoscopic transsphenoidal resection of craniopharyngiomas between 1995 and 2016 was performed. Preoperative data included presenting symptoms, tumor size, location, and components...
December 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821944/the-2017-world-health-organization-classification-of-tumors-of-the-pituitary-gland-a-summary
#17
REVIEW
M Beatriz S Lopes
The 4th edition of the World Health Organization (WHO) classification of endocrine tumors has been recently released. In this new edition, major changes are recommended in several areas of the classification of tumors of the anterior pituitary gland (adenophypophysis). The scope of the present manuscript is to summarize these recommended changes, emphasizing a few significant topics. These changes include the following: (1) a novel approach for classifying pituitary neuroendocrine tumors according to pituitary adenohypophyseal cell lineages; (2) changes to the histological grading of pituitary neuroendocrine tumors with the elimination of the term "atypical adenoma;" and (3) introduction of new entities like the pituitary blastoma and re-definition of old entities like the null-cell adenoma...
October 2017: Acta Neuropathologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593552/a-reformed-surgical-treatment-modality-for-children-with-giant-cystic-craniopharyngioma
#18
Wanchun Zhu, Xiang Li, Jintao He, Tao Sun, Chunde Li, Jian Gong
OBJECTIVE: Surgical removal plays an important role in treating children's craniopharyngioma. For a safe and minimally invasive craniotomy, a reformed surgical modality was proposed in this paper by combining the insertion of an Ommaya reservoir system (ORS) by stereotactic puncture, aspiration of cystic fluid in 2-day interval for consecutive 7-10 days, and the delayed tumor resection. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Eleven patients (aged from 5 to 9 years old) with giant cystic craniopharyngiomas who had undergone the reformed surgical modality during November 2014 and December 2015 were collected as group A...
September 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508600/endocrine-disorders-developing-after-surgical-intervention-of-craniopharyngioma-in-children
#19
REVIEW
Kyrillus S Shohdy, Wegdan Rashad
Craniopharyngiomas, albeit their benign nature, can cause severe damage to visual, hypothalamic, endocrine and neurologic functions which make their total resection an inevitable approach to save the patient's life. However, significant therapy-related long term complications make those traditional treatment options debatable and hazardous. This review will focus on the various complications that affect the childrens' quality of life considerably such as, diabetes insipidus, precocious puberty and hypothalamic obesity...
March 2017: Pediatric Endocrinology Reviews: PER
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225310/central-diabetes-insipidus-clinical-characteristics-and-long-term-course-in-a-large-cohort-of-adults
#20
Hiba Masri-Iraqi, Dania Hirsch, Dana Herzberg, Avner Lifshitz, Gloria Tsvetov, Carlos Benbassat, Ilan Shimon
OBJECTIVE: Central diabetes insipidus (CDI) is a rare heterogeneous condition with various underlying causes. This study sought to increase the still-limited data on the clinical characteristics and long-term course in adults diagnosed with CDI. METHODS: Data on demographics, presentation, imaging findings, affected pituitary axes, treatment, and complications were collected retrospectively from the files of 70 adult patients with CDI followed at a referral endocrine clinic...
May 2017: Endocrine Practice
keyword
keyword
82143
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"