keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Memorizing

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233421/motivations-career-aspiration-and-learning-experience-of-students-in-the-pharmacy-program-at-kuwait-university-a-tool-to-guide-curriculum-development
#1
Abdelmoneim Awad, Asmaa Al-Haqan, Pierre Moreau
PURPOSE: To determine students' motivating factors in the choice of pharmacy, career aspirations, and perceptions about learning experiences in the current pharmacy curriculum. ACTIVITY: A descriptive cross-sectional survey of pharmacy students was performed at Kuwait University FINDINGS: The most common reason to pursue pharmacy was that they were not admitted to medicine or dentistry (40.5%). About half of students were seeing themselves employed in hospital pharmacies immediately after graduation...
March 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233398/an-evidence-based-analysis-of-learning-practices-the-need-for-pharmacy-students-to-employ-more-effective-study-strategies
#2
Daniel Brown
INTRODUCTION: Learning is a process of constructing neural connections between what is being learned and what has already been learned. Superficial thought processes associated with memorization produce shallow, short-term learning. Higher-order thought processing (critical thinking) produces deep, long-term learning. Pharmacy students should study in ways that enable them to retain and apply what they learn. PREDOMINANT LEARNING PRACTICES: Investigators who surveyed the learning practices of pharmacy students have reported that most students resort to cramming in preparation for an upcoming exam...
March 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233268/school-is-a-game-faculty-set-the-rules
#3
Jeff Cain
Some students often exhibit less-than-ideal learning behaviors such as cramming for exams, focusing on memorization versus comprehension, multi-tasking during class, etc. One approach to understanding and addressing these issues is through a "school as game" mental model. Success in the "game of school", especially in rigorous professional and graduate programs, requires not only knowledge and skill, but also strategy. Because of time demands, students must often make strategic decisions regarding class attendance, attention, study time, and study methods...
May 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231701/programmable-and-shape-memorizing-information-carriers
#4
Wenbing Li, Yanju Liu, Jinsong Leng
Shape memory polymers (SMPs) are expected to play more and more important roles in space-deployable structures, smart actuators, and other high-tech areas. Nevertheless, because of the difficulties in fabrication and the programmability of temporary shape recovery, SMPs have not yet been widely applied in real fields. It is ideal to incorporate the different independent functional building blocks into a material. Herein, we designed a simple method to incorporate four functional building blocks: a neat epoxy-based shape memory (neat SMEP) resin, an SMEP composited with Fe3O4 (SMEP-Fe3O4), an SMEP composited with multiwalled carbon nanotubes, and an SMEP composited with p-aminodiphenylimide into a multicomposite, in which the four region surfaces could be programmed with different language code patterns according to a preset command by imprint lithography...
December 12, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230067/salient-cues-and-wayfinding-in-alzheimer-s-disease-within-a-virtual-senior-residence
#5
Rebecca Davis, Jennifer M Ohman, Catherine Weisbeck
Wayfinding is a problem for persons with Alzheimer's disease (AD), especially in complex environments such as senior residential communities. In this study, persons with AD or mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and a control group of older adults were asked to navigate a virtual reality simulation of a senior residential community. Subjects had to find their way repeatedly over multiple trials for two consecutive days in standard (no extra cues) and salient (colorful, memorable cues placed at key decision points) cue conditions...
November 2017: Environment and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224920/-cognitive-doping-in-students-a-chim-er-ical-way-to-get-full-head
#6
Louise Carton, Nicolas Cabé, Olivier Ménard, Sylvie Deheul, Anne-Sylvie Caous, David Devos, Olivier Cottencin, Régis Bordet
For students, the requirements for memorization, increased performance and peer competition may encourage cognitive doping behaviors. We aimed to describe recent practices and the benefit/risk ratio of such behavior to discuss the different issues. The prevalence of cognitive doping among students was 1.3% to 33% according to the studies, depending on the country concerned and the definition of cognitive doping used. The therapeutic classes most frequently cited as being diverted were psychostimulants and nootropics (methylphenidate, modafinil, piracetam), corticosteroids, sedative drugs and beta-blockers...
November 22, 2017: Thérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221534/on-becoming-a-global-citizen-transformative-learning-through-global-health-experiences
#7
Debra K Litzelman, Adrian Gardner, Robert M Einterz, Philip Owiti, Charity Wambui, Jordan C Huskins, Kathleen M Schmitt-Wendholt, Geren S Stone, Paul O Ayuo, Thomas S Inui, Rachel A Umoren
BACKGROUND: Globalization has increased the demand for international experiences in medical education. International experiences improve medical knowledge, clinical skills, and self-development; influence career objectives; and provide insights on ethical and societal issues. However, global health rotations can end up being no more than tourism if not structured to foster personal transformation and global citizenship. OBJECTIVE: We conducted a qualitative assessment of trainee-reported critical incidents to more deeply understand the impact of our global health experience on trainees...
May 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216789/open-book-exams-a-potential-solution-to-the-full-curriculum
#8
Andrew Teodorczuk, James Fraser, Gary D Rogers
In this Personal View article, as curriculum designers, we consider whether there is a place for open book exams in Medical School curricula. Specifically, at a time when medical teachers complain about the difficulties of delivering a full curriculum, we propose that open book assessment approaches may help to free up the curriculum as learners become less reliant on memorizing facts. Moreover deeper learning of higher level outcomes can be achieved and more authentic assessment approaches undertaken. We also look at the recent literature and consider reasons, both for and against open book exams, at theoretical and practical levels...
December 7, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209255/potential-for-assessing-dynamic-problem-solving-at-the-beginning-of-higher-education-studies
#9
Benő Csapó, Gyöngyvér Molnár
There is a growing demand for assessment instruments which can be used in higher education, which cover a broader area of competencies than the traditional tests for disciplinary knowledge and domain-specific skills, and which measure students' most important general cognitive capabilities. Around the age of the transition from secondary to tertiary education, such assessments may serve several functions, including selecting the best-prepared candidates for certain fields of study. Dynamic problem-solving (DPS) is a good candidate for such a role, as tasks that assess it involve knowledge acquisition and knowledge utilization as well...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189383/sinai-abbreviated-geriatric-evaluation-development-and-validation-of-a-practical-test
#10
Mark R Katlic, JoAnn Coleman, Kamran Khan, Susan E Wozniak, Joseph H Abraham
OBJECTIVE: To develop and validate a simple geriatric screening tool that performs as well as more complex assessments BACKGROUND:: Many tools that predict treatment risk in older adults are impractical for routine clinical use. METHODS: We prospectively conducted comprehensive preoperative evaluations on 1025 patients age ≥75 years who presented to Sinai Hospital of Baltimore for major elective surgery, then retrospectively reviewed patients' medical records for occurrence of postoperative outcomes...
November 16, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184285/knee-position-sense-does-the-time-interval-at-the-target-angle-affect-position-accuracy
#11
Shmuel Springer, Dor Kelman, Moshe Brand, Uri Gottlieb
[Purpose] This study examined whether the interval at the target angle during knee joint position sense (JPS) affected reposition accuracy, and evaluated the consequence of this factor on test-retest reliability. [Subjects and Methods] Twenty healthy subjects participated in this study. Reposition ability was measured after the knee was placed at a target angle (ranging from 40° to 60°) for intervals of 3, 6, 9, and 12 seconds, in randomized order. Two trials were performed for each condition. The measurement was repeated after a week...
October 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175023/reliability-of-measurements-for-sub-painful-and-painful-perception-on-artificial-electrical-stimulations
#12
Sam C C Chan
Artificial electrical stimulation is a common type of stimulus to induce sub-painful and painful sensation in clinical or neuroscience experiments. The Numerical Rating Scale (NRS) is often used to evaluate subjective perception due to external stimulations. Yet the relationship between the intensity levels of electrical stimulations and self-perception has seldom been examined. The aim of the study was to obtain evidence on the reliability and accuracy of sub-painful and painful perceptions of healthy participants using the NRS under different levels of electrical stimulus...
November 21, 2017: International Journal of Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171169/no-effect-of-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-of-the-dorsolateral-prefrontal-cortex-on-short-term-memory
#13
Jing Wang, Jianbing Wen, Xiaoli Li
INTRODUCTION: Short-term memory refers to the capacity for holding information in mind for a short period of time with conscious memorization. It is an important ability for daily life and is impaired in several neurological and psychiatric disorders. Anodal transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) applied to the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) was reported to enhance the capability of short-term memory in healthy subjects. However, results were not consistent and what is the possible impact factor is not known...
November 23, 2017: CNS Neuroscience & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164609/who-benefits-from-adolescent-sleep-interventions-moderators-of-treatment-efficacy-in-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-cognitive-behavioral-and-mindfulness-based-group-sleep-intervention-for-at-risk-adolescents
#14
Matthew J Blake, Laura M Blake, Orli Schwartz, Monika Raniti, Joanna M Waloszek, Greg Murray, Julian G Simmons, Elizabeth Landau, Ronald E Dahl, Dana L McMakin, Paul Dudgeon, John Trinder, Nicholas B Allen
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to test moderators of therapeutic improvement in an adolescent cognitive-behavioral and mindfulness-based group sleep intervention. Specifically, we examined whether the effects of the program on postintervention sleep outcomes were dependent on participant gender and/or measures of sleep duration, anxiety, depression, and self-efficacy prior to the interventions. METHOD: Secondary analysis of a randomized controlled trial conducted with 123 adolescent participants (female = 59...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163949/health-benefits-of-quran-memorization-for-older-men
#15
Nazmus Saquib, Juliann Saquib, Abdulrahman Alhadlag, Mohamad Anas Albakour, Bader Aljumah, Mohammed Sughayyir, Ziad Alhomidan, Omar Alminderej, Mohamed Aljaser, Ahmed Mohammed Al-Dhlawiy, Abdulrahman Al-Mazrou
Objective: To examine the association between Quran memorization and health among older men. Methods: This cross-sectional study included older Saudi men (age ≥ 55 years) from Buraidah, Al-Qassim. The neighborhoods were selected randomly (20 out of 96); eligible men from the mosques were recruited. Demographics, lifestyle, and depression were assessed with standardized questionnaires; height, weight, blood pressure, and random blood glucose (glucometer) were measured with standard protocol...
2017: SAGE Open Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163352/parahippocampal-involvement-in-mesial-temporal-lobe-epilepsy-with-hippocampal-sclerosis-a-proof-of-concept-from-memory-guided-saccades
#16
Silvia Colnaghi, Giorgio Beltrami, Guy Poloni, Anna Pichiecchio, Stefano Bastianello, Carlo Andrea Galimberti, Maurizio Versino
Objective: Mesial temporal lobe epilepsy with hippocampal sclerosis (MTLE-HS) may involve extrahippocampal areas of structural damage and dysfunction. The accuracy of medium-term spatial memory can be tested by memory-guided saccades (MGS) to evaluate a functional impairment of the parahippocampal cortex (PHC), while voxel-based morphometry (VBM) analysis can be used to detect a structural damage of the latter region. Methods: MGS with 3- and 30-s memorization delays were compared between 7 patients affected by right MTLE-HS (r-MTLE-HS), 6 patients affected by left MTLE-HS, and 13 healthy controls...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162899/remapping-high-capacity-pre-attentive-fragile-sensory-memory
#17
Paul Zerr, Surya Gayet, Kees Mulder, Yaïr Pinto, Ilja Sligte, Stefan Van der Stigchel
Humans typically make several saccades per second. This provides a challenge for the visual system as locations are largely coded in retinotopic (eye-centered) coordinates. Spatial remapping, the updating of retinotopic location coordinates of items in visuospatial memory, is typically assumed to be limited to robust, capacity-limited and attention-demanding working memory (WM). Are pre-attentive, maskable, sensory memory representations (e.g. fragile memory, FM) also remapped? We directly compared trans-saccadic WM (tWM) and trans-saccadic FM (tFM) in a retro-cue change-detection paradigm...
November 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160691/bioinspired-tribotronic-resistive-switching-memory-for-self-powered-memorizing-mechanical-stimuli
#18
Yihui Sun, Xin Zheng, Xiaoqin Yan, Qingliang Liao, Shuo Liu, Guangjie Zhang, Yong Li, Yue Zhang
Haptic memory, from the interaction of skin and brain, can not only perceive external stimuli but also memorize it after removing the external stimuli. For the mimicry of human sensory memory, a self-powered artificial tactile memorizing system were developed by coupling bionic electronic skin and nonvolatile RRAM. The tribotronic nanogenerator is utilized as electronic skin to transform the touching signal into electric pulse, which will be programmed into the artificial brain: RRAM. Owing to the advanced structural designs and accurately parameter matching, including the output voltages and the resistances in different resistive states, the artificial brain can be operated at self-powered mode to memorize the touch stimuli with the responsivity up to 2000%...
November 21, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157407/oculomotor-measures-reveal-the-temporal-dynamics-of-preparing-for-search
#19
Katya Olmos-Solis, Anouk M van Loon, Sander A Los, Christian N L Olivers
Theories of visual search assume that selection is driven by an active template representation of the target object. Earlier studies suggest that template activation occurs prior to search, but the temporal dynamics of such preactivation remain unclear. Two experiments employed microsaccades to track both general preparation (i.e., anticipation of the search task as such) and template-specific preparation (i.e., anticipation of target selection) of visual search. Participants memorized a target color (i.e., the template) for an upcoming search task...
2017: Progress in Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157114/self-initiated-object-location-memory-in-young-and-older-adults
#20
Anat Berger-Mandelbaum, Hagit Magen
The present study explored self-initiated object-location memory in ecological contexts, as aspect of memory that is largely absent from the research literature. Young and older adults memorized objects-location associations they selected themselves or object-location associations provided to them, and elaborated on the strategy they used when selecting the locations themselves. Retrieval took place 30 min and 1 month after encoding. The results showed an age-related decline in self-initiated and provided object-location memory...
November 20, 2017: Neuropsychology, Development, and Cognition. Section B, Aging, Neuropsychology and Cognition
keyword
keyword
82139
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"