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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935171/temporary-removal-a-new-scale-for-assessing-wisdom-based-on-common-domains-and-a-neurobiological-model-the-san-diego-wisdom-scale-sd-wise
#1
Michael L Thomas, Katherine J Bangen, Barton W Palmer, Averria Sirkin Martin, Julie A Avanzino, Colin A Depp, Danielle Glorioso, Rebecca E Daly, Dilip V Jeste
The publisher regrets that this article has been temporarily removed. A replacement will appear as soon as possible in which the reason for the removal of the article will be specified, or the article will be reinstated. The full Elsevier Policy on Article Withdrawal can be found at https://www.elsevier.com/about/our-business/policies/article-withdrawal.
September 8, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927980/william-ladd-before-the-halifax-explosion
#2
REVIEW
Don K Nakayama
Legend holds that treating the hundreds of children injured in the Halifax explosion of December 6, 1917, compelled Dr. William E. Ladd (1880-1967) to dedicate his career to the surgical care of infants and children. However, he had made the commitment to be a pediatric surgeon several years before when he joined the voluntary staff of the Children's Hospital of Boston in 1910. In the years before Halifax, he was among the vanguard of American surgeons who brought the mortality of intussusception to 45% from 90%, and of pyloric stenosis to 15% from 60%...
September 5, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927326/decision-outcomes-in-women-offered-noninvasive-prenatal-test-nipt-for-positive-down-screening-results
#3
Tsz-Kin Lo, Kelvin Yuen-Kwong Chan, Anita Sik-Yau Kan, Po-Lam So, Choi-Wah Kong, Shui-Lam Mak, Chung-Nin Lee
In this first Asian study, the decision outcomes (decision conflict, decision regret, and anxiety) of 262 pregnant women offered noninvasive prenatal test (NIPT) for high-risk Down screening results were assessed. Decision conflict was experienced by 3.5% and level of decisional regret low (mean score 15.7, 95%CI 13.2-18.3). All 13 cases of decisional regret were NIPT acceptors. Elevated anxiety was experienced by 55.9% at the time of decision making about NIPT and persistent in 30.3%. Insufficient knowledge about NIPT was associated with elevated anxiety at decision making (p = ...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923028/access-to-clinical-trials-among-oncology-patients-results-of-a-cross-sectional-survey
#4
Mariko Carey, Allison W Boyes, Rochelle Smits, Jamie Bryant, Amy Waller, Ian Olver
BACKGROUND: Clinical trials are necessary for the advancement of cancer treatment and care, however low rates of participation in such trials limit the generalisability of findings. The objective of this study was to examine the proportion of medical oncology outpatients in Australia who are invited and consent to participate in clinical trials and the factors associated with this. METHODS: A sample of adult medical oncology patients was recruited from three Australian cancer treatment centres...
September 18, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920910/online-density-estimation-of-nonstationary-sources-using-exponential-family-of-distributions
#5
Kaan Gokcesu, Suleyman S Kozat
We investigate online probability density estimation (or learning) of nonstationary (and memoryless) sources using exponential family of distributions. To this end, we introduce a truly sequential algorithm that achieves Hannan-consistent log-loss regret performance against true probability distribution without requiring any information about the observation sequence (e.g., the time horizon T and the drift of the underlying distribution C) to optimize its parameters. Our results are guaranteed to hold in an individual sequence manner...
September 13, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Neural Networks and Learning Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918408/effectiveness-cost-utility-and-implementation-of-a-decision-aid-for-patients-with-localised-prostate-cancer-and-their-partners-study-protocol-of-a-stepped-wedge-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#6
Hoda H M Al-Itejawi, Cornelia F van Uden-Kraan, Peter M van de Ven, Veerle M H Coupé, André N Vis, Jakko A Nieuwenhuijzen, Jeroen A van Moorselaar, Irma M Verdonck-de Leeuw
INTRODUCTION: Patient decision aids (PDAs) have been developed to help patients make an informed choice for a treatment option. Despite proven benefits, structural implementation falls short of expectations. The present study aims to assess the effectiveness and cost-utility of the PDA among newly diagnosed patients with localised prostate cancer and their partners, alongside implementation of the PDA in routine care. METHODS/ANALYSIS: A stepped-wedge cluster randomised trial will be conducted...
September 15, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917833/values-based-shared-decision-making-in-the-antenatal-period
#7
REVIEW
Stephanie K Kukora, Renee D Boss
Despite advances in life-saving technology for critically ill neonates, challenges continue to arise for infants delivered with extreme prematurity, congenital anomalies, and genetic conditions that exceed the limits of currently available interventions. In these situations, parents are forced to make cognitively and emotionally difficult decisions, in discussion with a neonatologist, regarding how aggressively to provide supportive measures at the time of delivery and at what point burdens of therapy outweigh benefits...
September 13, 2017: Seminars in Fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915887/professional-fulfillment-and-parenting-work-life-balance-in-female-physicians-in-basic-sciences-and-medical-research-a-nationwide-cross-sectional-survey-of-all-80-medical-schools-in-japan
#8
Yuka Yamazaki, Takanori Uka, Eiji Marui
BACKGROUND: In Japan, the field of Basic Sciences encompasses clinical, academic, and translational research, as well as the teaching of medical sciences, with both an MD and PhD typically required. In this study, it was hypothesized that the characteristics of a Basic Sciences career path could offer the professional advancement and personal fulfillment that many female medical doctors would find advantageous. Moreover, encouraging interest in Basic Sciences could help stem shortages that Japan is experiencing in medical fields, as noted in the three principal contributing factors: premature resignation of female clinicians, an imbalance of female physicians engaged in research, and a shortage of medical doctors in the Basic Sciences...
September 15, 2017: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906072/it-just-made-me-feel-so-desolate-patients-narratives-of-weight-gain-following-laparoscopic-insertion-of-a-gastric-band
#9
Frances Marjorie May Lloyd, Alistair Hewison, Nikolaos Efstathiou
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To describe the experiences of patients who have failed to maintain weight loss following the insertion of a Laparoscopic Adjustable Gastric Band (LAGB) for the treatment of morbid obesity. BACKGROUND: Obesity is a global health problem resulting in physical, psychological and economic problems, and presenting challenges for health services. Surgical intervention is an increasingly common approach to treatment, however some patients do not sustain their weight loss following bariatric surgery and little is known about people's longer-term experiences following LAGB insertion...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902931/binge-drinking-a-pattern-associated-with-a-risk-of-problems-of-alcohol-use-among-university-students
#10
André Bedendo, André Luiz Monezi Andrade, Emérita Sátiro Opaleye, Ana Regina Noto
Objective: to evaluate problems associated with alcohol use among university students who reported binge drinking in comparison to students who consumed alcohol without binging. Method: a cross-sectional study among university students (N=2,408) who accessed the website about alcohol use. Logistic and linear regression models were included in the statistical analyzes. Results: alcohol use in the last three months was reported by 89.2% of university students; 51...
September 12, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899412/the-effect-of-information-about-the-benefits-and-harms-of-mammography-on-women-s-decision-making-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Misericòrdia Carles, Montserrat Martínez-Alonso, Anna Pons, Maria José Pérez-Lacasta, Lilisbeth Perestelo-Pérez, Maria Sala, Carmen Vidal, Montse Garcia, Ana Toledo-Chávarri, Núria Codern, Maria Feijoo-Cid, Anabel Romero, Roger Pla, Jorge Soler-González, Xavier Castells, Montserrat Rué
BACKGROUND: The decision to participate or not in breast cancer screening is complex due to the trade-off between the expected benefit of breast cancer mortality reduction and the major harm of overdiagnosis. It seems ethically necessary to inform women so that they can actively participate in decision-making and make an informed choice based on their values and preferences. The objective of this study is to assess the effects of receiving information about the benefits and harms of screening on decision-making, in women approaching the age of invitation to mammography screening...
September 12, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894429/circumventing-the-ick-factor-a-randomized-trial-of-the-effects-of-omitting-affective-attitudes-questions-to-increase-intention-to-become-an-organ-donor
#12
Sally Doherty, Elizabeth Dolan, Jennifer Flynn, Ronan E O'Carroll, Frank Doyle
Objectives: Including or excluding certain questions about organ donation may influence peoples' intention to donate. We investigated the effect of omitting certain affective attitudinal items on potential donors' intention and behavior for donation. Design: A cross-sectional survey with a subgroup nested randomized trial. Methods: A total of 578 members of the public in four shopping centers were surveyed on their attitudes to organ donation. Non-donors (n = 349) were randomly assigned to one of three groups: Group 1 completed items on affective and cognitive attitudes, anticipated regret, intention, subjective norm and perceived behavioral control...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888687/temporary-removal-rapid-screening-of-abused-drugs-by-direct-analysis-in-real-time-dart-coupled-to-time-of-flight-mass-spectrometry-tof-ms-combined-with-ion-mobility-spectrometry-ims
#13
Ru Lian, Zhongping Wu, Xiaobao Lv, Yulan Rao, Haiyang Li, Jinghua Li, Rong Wang, Chunfang Ni, Yurong Zhang
The publisher regrets that this article has been temporarily removed. A replacement will appear as soon as possible in which the reason for the removal of the article will be specified, or the article will be reinstated. The full Elsevier Policy on Article Withdrawal can be found at https://www.elsevier.com/about/our-business/policies/article-withdrawal.
July 13, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872452/retraction
#14
(no author information available yet)
Since the following case report was found not to meet the ethical standards of Juntendo University, as previously stated by the authors, the article has been retracted from Regenerative Medicine: Kantake M, Hirano A, Sano M, Urushihata N, Tanemura H, Oki K, Suzaki E. Transplantation of allogeneic adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells in a cerebral palsy patient. Regenerative Medicine doi:10.2217/rme-2017-0043 (2017) (Epub ahead of print). The authors and editors of Regenerative Medicine regret any negative consequences this publication might have caused in the scientific and medical communities...
September 5, 2017: Regenerative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872416/retraction
#15
(no author information available yet)
Since the following case report was found not to meet the ethical standards of Juntendo University, as previously stated by the authors, the article has been retracted from Regenerative Medicine: Kantake M, Hirano A, Sano M, Urushihata N, Tanemura H, Oki K, Suzaki E. Transplantation of allogeneic adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells in a cerebral palsy patient. Regenerative Medicine doi:10.2217/rme-2017-0043 (2017) (Epub ahead of print). The authors and editors of Regenerative Medicine regret any negative consequences this publication might have caused in the scientific and medical communities...
July 2017: Regenerative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871861/reduction-of-aspergillus-spp-and-aflatoxins-in-peanut-sauce-processing-by-oil-less-frying-of-chilli-powder-and-retort-processing
#16
A H Farawahida, S Jinap, M A R Nor-Khaizura, N I P Samsudin
Among the many roles played by Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) in the food industry is the production of heritage foods such as peanut sauce. Regretfully, the safety of peanut sauce is not always assured as the processing line is not controlled. Peanut sauce is usually made of peanuts and chilli, and these commodities are normally contaminated with Aspergillus spp. and aflatoxins (AFs). Hence, the objective of this study was to evaluate the practices related to reduction of AF hazard and the effect of interventions in peanut sauce processing...
September 5, 2017: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870724/tubal-sterilization-in-women-under-30-case-series-and-ethical-implications
#17
Dylan Ehman, Dustin Costescu
OBJECTIVE: According to the SOGC Contraception Consensus, it is recommended that permanent contraception be offered to women regardless of age or parity. Many women who desire sterilization at a young age experience barriers from physicians who decline to facilitate the request. METHODS: As part of a quality assurance project, we performed a review of cases where tubal sterilization was performed in women under 30 over a 42-month period (September 2013-March 2017)...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846518/etiology-and-manifestations-of-iatrogenesis-in-pediatrics
#18
Stowe Locke Teti, Kathleen Ennis-Durstine, Tomas Jose Silber
There is general agreement in the literature of what ought to occur following iatrogenic harm. Senior members of the team should disclose what occurred and how the problem will be remedied. Those involved should express heartfelt regrets and apologize sincerely. But in the pediatric setting, parents, as surrogates, can sometimes place clinicians on the horns of a dilemma: respect parental autonomy, which may involve continuing nonadvised therapy, or uphold the patient's best interests, which may indicate another course of care...
August 1, 2017: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837033/the-new-portuguese-law-on-surrogacy-the-story-of-how-a-promising-law-does-not-really-regulate-surrogacy-arrangements
#19
Vera Lúcia Raposo
Since 2006, surrogacy arrangements have been expressly forbidden within the Portuguese legal order, in any one of its forms, and in some situations, it has even been criminalised. However, since August 2016, surrogacy has been allowed under certain restrictive scenarios, providing it follows several prerequisites. In spite of this progress, the 2016 amendment to the law has not been immune to criticism. One of its most debatable aspects is the lack of the surrogate's right to regret, although it is doubtful that surrogacy contracts will be enforced against a surrogate's wishes...
September 1, 2017: JBRA Assisted Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835323/developing-the-evidence-base-for-gender-and-age-relevant-school-sex-education-questionnaire-findings-from-an-adolescent-sample-using-an-augmented-theory-of-planned-behaviour
#20
Julie E Bayley, Darrin Baines, Katherine E Brown
Background: Positive adolescent sexual health is supported by effective school-based sex education. Methods to promote positive sexual health need to reflect determinants of contraception intention, which must include understanding gender and age (year group) differences. To date, there has been limited theory-based exploration of these determinants in school age participants, placing limitations on sexual health educators to tailor learning most effectively. Methods: Cross-sectional survey data were collected from UK school pupils (n=1378) aged 12-16 years...
August 24, 2017: Sexual Health
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