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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807189/effect-of-non-monetary-incentives-on-uptake-of-couples-counselling-and-testing-among-clients-attending-mobile-hiv-services-in-rural-zimbabwe-a-cluster-randomised-trial
#1
Euphemia L Sibanda, Mary Tumushime, Juliet Mufuka, Sue Napierala Mavedzenge, Stephano Gudukeya, Sergio Bautista-Arredondo, Karin Hatzold, Harsha Thirumurthy, Sandra I McCoy, Nancy Padian, Andrew Copas, Frances M Cowan
BACKGROUND: Couples' HIV testing and counselling (CHTC) is associated with greater engagement with HIV prevention and care than individual testing and is cost-effective, but uptake remains suboptimal. Initiating discussion of CHTC might result in distrust between partners. Offering incentives for CHTC could change the focus of the pre-test discussion. We aimed to determine the impact of incentives for CHTC on uptake of couples testing and HIV case diagnosis in rural Zimbabwe. METHODS: In this cluster-randomised trial, 68 rural communities (the clusters) in four districts receiving mobile HIV testing services were randomly assigned (1:1) to incentives for CHTC or not...
September 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797852/talking-about-death-with-terminally-ill-cancer-patients-what-contributes-to-the-regret-of-bereaved-family-members
#2
Masanori Mori, Saran Yoshida, Mariko Shiozaki, Mika Baba, Tatsuya Morita, Maho Aoyama, Yoshiyuki Kizawa, Satoru Tsuneto, Yasuo Shima, Mitsunori Miyashita
CONTEXT: Talking about death is an important issue for terminally-ill cancer patients and their families. Little is known about how often and which bereaved families regret not having talked about death with their deceased loved one. OBJECTIVES: To explore the prevalence of a regret of not having talked about death with a deceased loved one among bereaved family members of adult cancer patients, and to systematically explore factors contributing to their regret...
August 7, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797135/women-s-alcohol-sensitivity-predicts-alcohol-related-regretted-sex
#3
Liana S E Hone, Bruce D Bartholow, Thomas M Piasecki, Kenneth J Sher
BACKGROUND: Low sensitivity (LS) to alcohol's acute effects is a known risk factor for heavy drinking and its negative consequences. However, LS could be protective due to LS drinkers being less impaired at a given level of consumption. Here, we tested whether LS is associated with differences in men's and women's reports of alcohol-related regretted sex. METHODS: Eight hundred and one young adults (393 women) aged 21 to 35 (M = 23.11 years) recruited for a study of alcohol's effects on cognition completed self-report measures of alcohol sensitivity, typical alcohol use, and alcohol consequences (including regretted sex)...
August 10, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792651/regret-about-surgical-decisions-among-early-stage-breast-cancer-patients-effects-of-the-congruence-between-patients-preferred-and-actual-decision-making-roles
#4
Ashley Wei-Ting Wang, Su-Mei Chang, Cheng-Shyong Chang, Shou-Tung Chen, Dar-Ren Chen, Fang Fan, Michael H Antoni, Wen-Yau Hsu
OBJECTIVE: Early-stage breast cancer patients generally receive either a mastectomy or a lumpectomy, either by their own choice or that of their surgeon. Sometimes there is regret about the decision afterward. To better understand regret about surgical decisions, this study examined two possibilities: The first is that women who take a dominant or collaborative role in decision- making about the surgery express less regret afterward. The second is that congruence between preferred role and actual role predicts less regret...
August 9, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791408/-retracted-effects-of-the-eukaryotic-initiation-factor-6-gene-on-expression-levels-of-inflammatory-mediators-in-m2-macrophages-during-scar-repair
#5
Yong-Qiang Bai, Jian-Ke Feng, Qing-Fu Zhang, Hong-Zhi Wu, Ya-Ru Du, Wei Wei
Following the publication of this article, we regret to report that we have been unable to reproduce the results presented in the paper in our subsequent studies. At the present time, we have not been able to ascertain the reason behind this. Therefore, we would like to retract this article from publication. All the named authors agree to this retraction. We regret any inconvenience to the readers that this retraction will cause. [The original article was published in Molecular Medicine Reports 14: 819-824, 2016; DOI: 10...
August 8, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776157/an-evaluation-of-artificial-neural-networks-in-predicting-pancreatic-cancer-survival
#6
Steven Walczak, Vic Velanovich
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to evaluate the development of an artificial neural network (ANN) method for predicting the survival likelihood of pancreatic adenocarcinoma patients. The ANN predictive model should produce results with a 90% sensitivity. METHODS: A prospective examination of the records for 283 consecutive pancreatic adenocarcinoma patients is used to identify 219 records with complete data. These records are then used to create two unique samples which are then used to train and validate an ANN predictive model...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771784/a-qualitative-study-of-decision-making-on-phase-iii-randomized-clinical-trial-participation-in-pediatric-oncology-adolescents-and-parents-perspectives-and-preferences
#7
Marianne Vie Ingersgaard, Morten Tulstrup, Kjeld Schmiegelow, Hanne Baekgaard Larsen
AIM: To explore parents' and adolescents' motives for accepting/declining participation in the ALL2008 trials and adolescents' involvement in the decision-making process. BACKGROUND: Children and adolescents with acute lymphoblastic leukemia treated on the Nordic Society of Paediatric Haematology and Oncology ALL2008 protocol were eligible for two randomizations testing 6-mercaptopurine treatment intensifications to improve efficacy and Asparaginase de-escalation to reduce toxicity...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765883/-corrigendum-transcriptome-sequencing-of-human-breast-cancer-reveals-aberrant-intronic-transcription-in-amplicons-and-dysregulation-of-alternative-splicing-with-major-therapeutic-implications
#8
(no author information available yet)
After the publication of the article, the authors retrospectively noted that the name of Dr Dawn Jones, a postdoctoral researcher in the laboratory of Professor Christine Gosden, should have been added to the authors' list, whose contribution to the study greatly augmented the exploration of all the RNA products via adoption of the RNASeq (Illumina) methodology. All the existing authors agree to the inclusion of Dr Jones as a co‑author, with the exception of Derek Gardener, who has retired from the Institute and is no longer contactable by e-mail (although we are confident that he would not raise any objection)...
September 2017: International Journal of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765666/-in-case-of-an-adverse-event-don%C3%A2-t-forget-to-say-sorry
#9
J J Mira Solves, C Romeo Casabona, P Astier, A Urruela, I Carrillo, S Lorenzo, Y Agra
BACKGROUND: Disclosing information to a patient who is a victim of an adverse event (AE) presents some particularities depending on the legal framework in the country where the AE occurred. The aim of this study is to identify the limits and conditions when apologizing to a patient who has suffered an AE. METHODS: A consensus conference involving 26 professionals from different autonomous communities, institutions, and profiles (health, insurance, inspection, academic) with accredited experience in patient safety management systems and criminal law...
July 28, 2017: Anales del Sistema Sanitario de Navarra
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763731/natural-assurance-scheme-a-level-playing-field-framework-for-green-grey-infrastructure-development
#10
Benjamin Denjean, Mónica A Altamirano, Nina Graveline, Raffaele Giordano, Peter Van der Keur, David Moncoulon, Josh Weinberg, María Máñez Costa, Zdravko Kozinc, Mark Mulligan, Polona Pengal, John Matthews, Nora van Cauwenbergh, Elena López Gunn, David N Bresch
This paper proposes a conceptual framework to systematize the use of Nature-based solutions (NBS) by integrating their resilience potential into Natural Assurance Scheme (NAS), focusing on insurance value as corner stone for both awareness-raising and valuation. As such one of its core goal is to align research and pilot projects with infrastructure development constraints and priorities. Under NAS, the integrated contribution of natural infrastructure to Disaster Risk Reduction is valued in the context of an identified growing need for climate robust infrastructure...
July 29, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759586/apology-in-cases-of-medical-error-disclosure-thoughts-based-on-a-preliminary-study
#11
Sonia Dahan, Dominique Ducard, Laurence Caeymaex
BACKGROUND: Disclosing medical errors is considered necessary by patients, ethicists, and health care professionals. Literature insists on the framing of this disclosure and describes the apology as appropriate and necessary. However, this policy seems difficult to put into practice. Few works have explored the function and meaning of the apology. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore the role ascribed to apology in communication between healthcare professionals and patients when disclosing a medical error, and to discuss these findings using a linguistic and philosophical perspective...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750479/the-impact-of-alcohol-hangover-symptoms-on-cognitive-and-physical-functioning-and-mood
#12
Marith van Schrojenstein Lantman, Marlou Mackus, Aurora J A E van de Loo, Joris C Verster
Hangover research often records the presence and severity of symptoms experienced the day after heavy alcohol consumption. However, usually no information is gathered on the impact of experiencing these symptoms on mood, cognition, and physical activities. An online survey was held among Dutch students, aged 18-30 years, who recently had a hangover. Overall hangover severity (i.e., a single 1-item rating) and the severity of 22 individual symptoms were rated on an 11-point scale ranging from 0 (absent) to 10 (extreme)...
July 27, 2017: Human Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741581/regret-about-the-decision-to-start-dialysis-a-cross-sectional-dutch-national-survey
#13
N Berkhout-Byrne, A Gaasbeek, M J K Mallat, T J Rabelink, S P Mooijaart, F W Dekker, M van Buren
BACKGROUND: More older patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) are starting dialysis. Elderly patients often prefer treatments that focus on quality of life rather than primarily extending life and a substantial group of elderly dialysis patients might regret their decision to start dialysis. Healthcare provider and patient-related factors may be involved. Our objective was to measure the percentage of patients in the Netherlands who regretted their decision to start dialysis. METHODS: Cross-sectional Dutch national survey of dialysis patients...
July 2017: Netherlands Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736965/symptom-burden-as-a-driver-of-decisional-regret-in-long-term-oropharyngeal-carcinoma-survivors
#14
Ryan P Goepfert, C David Fuller, G Brandon Gunn, Ehab Y Hanna, Jan S Lewin, Jhankruti S Zaveri, Rachel M Hubbard, Martha P Barrow, Katherine A Hutcheson
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to characterize decisional regret and its association with symptom burden in a large cohort of oropharyngeal carcinoma (OPC) survivors. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was administered to 1729 OPC survivors. Survey items included a multisymptom inventory and a validated decisional regret inventory. Associations between regret and symptom scores were analyzed to determine and rank symptom drivers of decisional regret. RESULTS: Nine hundred seventy-two patients responded reporting a low level of decisional regret overall, although 15...
July 24, 2017: Head & Neck
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732648/a-systematic-review-of-women-s-satisfaction-and-regret-following-risk-reducing-mastectomy
#15
REVIEW
Lucy Braude, Laura Kirsten, Jemma Gilchrist, Ilona Juraskova
OBJECTIVE: A systematic review of quantitative and qualitative studies, to describe patient satisfaction and regret associated with risk-reducing mastectomies (RRM), and the patient-reported factors associated with these among women at high risk of developing breast cancer. METHODS: Studies were identified using Medline, CINAHL, Embase and PsycInfo databases (1995-2016). Data were extracted and crosschecked for accuracy. Article quality was assessed using standardised criteria...
July 1, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731163/-corrigendum-fuca1-is-induced-by-wild-type-p53-and-expressed-at-different-levels-in-thyroid-cancers-depending-on-p53-status
#16
Nobuo Tsuchida, Masa-Aki Ikeda, Yoshizumu Ishino, Michele Grieco, Giancarlo Vecchio
Subsequent to the publication of the above paper, the authors noted that there was an error on Fig. 4 of page 2046, in which the symbols of α-L-fucosidase 1 (FUCA1) and fucosyltransferase 8 (FUT8) had been mistakenly labelled the wrong way around (FUCA1 should have been represented by the blue bars, and FUT8 by the red). The corrected version of Fig. 4 is shown below, which now accurately shows how average levels of FUCA1 mRNA were low in the anaplastic thyroid cancer samples (ATCs), whereas expression levels in the papillary thyroid cancer samples (PTCs) were comparable, or slightly higher, than those present in normal thyroid tissues...
July 21, 2017: International Journal of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730671/many-faces-of-rationality-implications-of-the-great-rationality-debate-for-clinical-decision-making
#17
Benjamin Djulbegovic, Shira Elqayam
Given that more than 30% of healthcare costs are wasted on inappropriate care, suboptimal care is increasingly connected to the quality of medical decisions. It has been argued that personal decisions are the leading cause of death, and 80% of healthcare expenditures result from physicians' decisions. Therefore, improving healthcare necessitates improving medical decisions, ie, making decisions (more) rational. Drawing on writings from The Great Rationality Debate from the fields of philosophy, economics, and psychology, we identify core ingredients of rationality commonly encountered across various theoretical models...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728991/analysis-of-factors-associated-with-patient-or-caretaker-regret-following-surgery-for-fecal-incontinence
#18
Bhalaajee Meenakshi-Sundaram, Caitlin T Coco, James R Furr, Byron P Dubow, Christopher E Aston, Jennifer Lewis, Gennady Slobodov, Bradley P Kropp, Dominic C Frimberger
PURPOSE: The Malone Antegrade Continence Enema (MACE) has been a successful and widely used procedure to achieve fecal continence in children. We present data on the previously uninvestigated issue of patient and caretaker regret following surgery for intractable constipation and fecal incontinence. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reviewed all patients undergoing antegrade continence enema or cecostomy creation at a single institution between 2006 and 2016. Patients and caretakers were assessed for decisional regret utilizing the Decisional Regret Scale...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720641/correction-to-implementation-of-technology-based-patient-engagement-strategies-within-practice-based-research-networks
#19
(no author information available yet)
In the above-mentioned article,(1) the electronic version differs from the print version due to the placement of the figures. While the figure headings for Figure 1 and 2 are correct, the figures themselves were flipped during the processing of the article. The electronic version on the Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine website has been corrected. We apologize for the error, and we regret any confusion or inconvenience it may have caused.
July 2017: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720640/correction-to-fitwits-tm-leads-to-improved-parental-recognition-of-childhood-obesity-and-plans-to-encourage-change
#20
(no author information available yet)
In the above-mentioned article,(1) the electronic version differs from the print version due to a numeric error in Table 4. While the nearby text above the table does use the correct number (23) [proportionate hand-based portion sizes (n = 23)]; Table 4 reads "3" rather than "23" in the third row, first column under Eat healthier portion sizes The electronic version on the Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine website has been corrected. We apologize for the error, and we regret any confusion or inconvenience it may have caused...
July 2017: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
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