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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537990/impact-of-the-primary-information-source-used-for-decision-making-on-treatment-perceptions-and-regret-in-prostate-cancer
#1
Narek Shaverdian, Amar U Kishan, Darlene Veruttipong, D Jeffrey Demanes, Patrick Kupelian, Susan McCloskey, Michael L Steinberg, Christopher R King
OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of the primary source of information used by prostate cancer patients to select a radiation treatment on their overall treatment experience and on treatment regret. METHODS: Patients with low to favorable intermediate-risk prostate cancer treated with stereotactic body radiation therapy, intensity-modulated radiation therapy, or high-dose rate brachytherapy were surveyed. The questionnaire explored the decision-making experience, treatment experience, and treatment regret...
May 23, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534697/pregnancy-outcome-of-laparoscopic-tubal-reanastomosis-retrospective-results-from-a-single-clinical-centre
#2
Rana Karayalcin, Sarp Ozcan, Aytekin Tokmak, Beril Gürlek, Okan Yenicesu, Hakan Timur
Objective Tubal sterilization is a widespread method of contraception. Post-sterilization regret is encountered, despite careful consideration prior to the procedure. Two treatment options are available for women after having had tubal sterilization: microsurgical reversal and IVF treatment. Recent improvements in laparoscopy have allowed tubal reanastomosis to be performed. This study aimed to evaluate the reproductive outcome after laparoscopic tubal reanastomosis and surgical features of the patients. Methods From June 2007 to January 2010, 27 patients with bilateral tubal ligation who underwent laparoscopic tubal reanastomosis were evaluated retrospectively...
January 1, 2017: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527728/the-patient-s-experience-of-amputation-due-to-peripheral-arterial-disease
#3
Eva Torbjörnsson, Carin Ottosson, Lena Blomgren, Lennart Boström, Ann-Mari Fagerdahl
It is not uncommon that patients with peripheral arterial disease (PAD) need to undergo a lower limb amputation, with or without previous revascularization attempts. Despite that, the patient's experience of the amputation has been scarcely studied. The aim of this qualitative study was to describe the patient's experience of amputation due to PAD. Thirteen interviews were conducted with vascular patients who had undergone a lower limb amputation at tibia, knee, or femoral level. Data were analyzed with content analysis...
June 2017: Journal of Vascular Nursing: Official Publication of the Society for Peripheral Vascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526035/microblogging-violent-attacks-on-medical-staff%C3%A2-in-china-a-case-study-of-the-longmen-county-people-s-hospital-incident
#4
Jia Tian, Li Du
BACKGROUND: A violent attack on medical staff in Guangdong Province, in which a female doctor at Longmen County People's Hospital (LCPH) was severely injured by a knife-wielding patient, has drawn significant public attention to the phenomenon of hospital violence and initiated discussions on how to resolve violence in hospitals. Social networking sites, such as Sina Weibo, a Chinese version of Twitter, have played a role in this public debate. The incident at LCPH provides an opportunity to examine how Weibo has been used in the debate about violence against medical staff in China...
May 19, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522360/sex-with-no-regrets-how-sexual-reproduction-uses-a-no-regret-learning-algorithm-for-evolutionary-advantage
#5
Omer Edhan, Ziv Hellman, Dana Sherill-Rofe
The question of 'why sex' has long been a puzzle. The randomness of recombination, which potentially produces low fitness progeny, contradicts notions of fitness landscape hill climbing. We use the concept of evolution as an algorithm for learning unpredictable environments to provide a possible answer. While sex and asex both implement similar machine learning no-regret algorithms in the context of random samples that are small relative to a vast genotype space, the algorithm of sex constitutes a more efficient goal-directed walk through this space...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Theoretical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504212/psychological-adjustment-in-parents-of-children-born-with-atypical-genitalia-one-year-after-their-child-undergoes-genitoplasty
#6
Rebecca Eh Ellens, Dana M Bakula, Alexandria J Mullins, Kristy J Scott Reyes, Paul Austin, Laurence Baskin, Kerlly Bernabé, Earl Y Cheng, Allyson Fried, Dominic Frimberger, Denise Galan, Lynette Gonzalez, Saul Greenfield, Thomas Kolon, Bradley Kropp, Yegappan Lakshmanan, Sabrina Meyer, Theresa Meyer, Larry L Mullins, Natalie J Nokoff, Blake Palmer, Dix Poppas, Alethea Paradis, Elizabeth Yerkes, Amy B Wisniewski, Cortney Wolfe-Christensen
PURPOSE: The current study examined the psychological adjustment of parents of children born with moderate to severe genital atypia 12 months after their child underwent genitoplasty. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Parents were recruited longitudinally from a multi-center collaboration of 10 pediatric hospitals with specialty care for children with a Disorder/Difference of Sex Development and/or Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia. Parents completed measures of depressive and anxious symptoms, illness uncertainty, quality of life, post-traumatic stress, and decisional regret...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504049/knowing-when-to-hold-em-regret-and-the-relation-between-missed-opportunities-and-risk-taking-in-children-adolescents-and-adults
#7
Aidan Feeney, Eoin Travers, Eimear O'Connor, Sarah R Beck, Teresa McCormack
Regret over missed opportunities leads adults to take more risks. Given recent evidence that the ability to experience regret impacts decisions made by 6-year-olds, and pronounced interest in the antecedents to risk taking in adolescence, we investigated the age at which a relationship between missed opportunities and risky decision-making emerges, and whether that relationship changes at different points in development. Six- and 8-year-olds, adolescents and adults completed a sequential risky decision-making task on which information about missed opportunities was available...
May 13, 2017: Cognition & Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501706/upward-counterfactual-thinking-and-depression-a-meta-analysis
#8
REVIEW
Anne Gene Broomhall, Wendy J Phillips, Donald W Hine, Natasha M Loi
This meta-analysis examined the strength of association between upward counterfactual thinking and depressive symptoms. Forty-two effect sizes from a pooled sample of 13,168 respondents produced a weighted average effect size of r=.26, p<.001. Moderator analyses using an expanded set of 96 effect sizes indicated that upward counterfactuals and regret produced significant positive effects that were similar in strength. Effects also did not vary as a function of the theme of the counterfactual-inducing situation or study design (cross-sectional versus longitudinal)...
April 27, 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493812/treatment-decision-regret-among-long-term-survivors-of-localized-prostate-cancer-results-from-the-prostate-cancer-outcomes-study
#9
Richard M Hoffman, Mary Lo, Jack A Clark, Peter C Albertsen, Michael J Barry, Michael Goodman, David F Penson, Janet L Stanford, Antoinette M Stroup, Ann S Hamilton
Purpose To determine the demographic, clinical, decision-making, and quality-of-life factors that are associated with treatment decision regret among long-term survivors of localized prostate cancer. Patients and Methods We evaluated men who were age ≤ 75 years when diagnosed with localized prostate cancer between October 1994 and October 1995 in one of six SEER tumor registries and who completed a 15-year follow-up survey. The survey obtained demographic, socioeconomic, and clinical data and measured treatment decision regret, informed decision making, general- and disease-specific quality of life, health worry, prostate-specific antigen (PSA) concern, and outlook on life...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493750/the-ideal-road-not-taken-the-self-discrepancies-involved-in-people-s-most-enduring-regrets
#10
Shai Davidai, Thomas Gilovich
Research on the structural features of people's most enduring regrets has focused on whether they result from having acted or having failed to act. Here we focus on a different structural feature, their connection to a person's self-concept. In 6 studies, we predict and find that people's most enduring regrets stem more often from discrepancies between their actual and ideal selves than their actual and ought selves. We also provide evidence that this asymmetry is at least partly due to differences in how people cope with regret...
May 11, 2017: Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490380/living-with-hypertrophic-cardiomyopathy-and-an-implantable-defibrillator
#11
Peter Magnusson, Jessica Jonsson, Stellan Mörner, Lennart Fredriksson
BACKGROUND: ICDs efficiently terminate life-threatening arrhythmias, but complications occur during long-term follow-up. Patients' own perspective is largely unknown. The aim of the study was to describe experiences of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) patients with implantable defibrillators (ICDs). METHODS: We analyzed 26 Swedish patient interviews using hermeneutics and latent content analysis. RESULTS: Patients (aged 27-76 years) were limited by HCM especially if it deteriorates into heart failure...
May 10, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488897/mediation-moderation-and-context-understanding-complex-relations-among-cognition-affect-and-health-behaviour
#12
Marc T Kiviniemi, Erin M Ellis, Marissa G Hall, Jennifer L Moss, Sarah E Lillie, Noel T Brewer, William M P Klein
OBJECTIVE: Researchers have historically treated cognition and affect as separate constructs in motivating health behaviour. We present a framework and empirical evidence for complex relations between cognition and affect in predicting health behaviour. Main Outcome, Design and Results: First, affect and cognition can mediate each other's relation to health behaviour. Second, affect and cognition can moderate the other's impact. Third, context can change the interplay of affect and cognition...
May 10, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487187/temporary-removal-a-randomized-trial-of-motivational-interviewing-for-the-prevention-of-underage-drinking-in-american-indian-adolescents
#13
David A Gilder, Jennifer R Geisler, Juan A Luna, Daniel Calac, Peter M Monti, Nichea S Spillane, Juliet P Lee, Roland S Moore, Cindy L Ehlers
The publisher regrets that this article has been temporarily removed. A replacement will appear as soon as possible in which the reason for the removal of the article will be specified, or the article will be reinstated. The full Elsevier Policy on Article Withdrawal can be found at https://www.elsevier.com/about/our-business/policies/article-withdrawal.
April 23, 2017: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484061/patient-knowledge-and-qualities-of-treatment-decisions-for-localized-prostate-cancer
#14
Lisa M Daum, Elyse N Reamer, Julie J Ruterbusch, Joe Liu, Margaret Holmes-Rovner, Jinping Xu
BACKGROUND: Controversy surrounds treatment for localized prostate cancer (LPC). OBJECTIVES: To assess men's localized prostate cancer (LPC) knowledge and its association with decision-making difficulty, satisfaction and regret. METHODS: Population-based sample of 201 men (104 white, 97 black), ≤ 75 years with newly diagnosed LPC completed a self-administered survey. RESULTS: Mean age was 61(±7.6) years; two-thirds had less than a Bachelor's degree...
May 2017: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473795/self-rated-health-and-sick-leave-among-nurses-and-physicians-the-role-of-regret-and-coping-strategies-in-difficult-care-related-situations
#15
Stéphane Cullati, Boris Cheval, Ralph E Schmidt, Thomas Agoritsas, Pierre Chopard, Delphine S Courvoisier
Moral distress - such as feeling strong regret over difficult patient situations - is common among nurses and physicians. Regret intensity, as well as the coping strategies used to manage regrets, may also influence the health and sickness absence of healthcare professionals. The objective of this study was to determine if the experience of regret related to difficult care-related situations is associated with poor health and sick leave and if coping strategies mediate these associations. Two cross-sectional surveys were conducted in Switzerland (Geneva, 2011 and Zurich, 2014)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471328/surgical-satisfaction-quality-of-life-and-their-association-after-gender-affirming-surgery-a-follow-up-study
#16
Tim C van de Grift, Els Elaut, Susanne C Cerwenka, Peggy T Cohen-Kettenis, Baudewijntje P C Kreukels
We assessed the outcomes of gender affirming surgery (GAS or sex reassignment surgery) four to six years after first clinical contact, and the associations between postoperative (dis)satisfaction and Quality of Life (QoL). Our multicenter, cross-sectional follow-up study involved persons diagnosed with Gender Identity Disorder (DSM-IV-TR) who applied for medical interventions from 2007 until 2009. Of 546 eligible persons, 201 (37%) responded, of whom 136 had undergone GAS (genital, chest, facial, vocal cord and/or thyroid cartilage surgery)...
May 4, 2017: Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470774/incidental-findings-in-research-a-focus-group-study-about-the-perspective-of-the-research-participant
#17
Anna W de Boer, Yvonne M Drewes, Renée de Mutsert, Mattijs E Numans, Martin den Heijer, Olaf M Dekkers, Albert de Roos, Hildo J Lamb, Jeanet W Blom, Ria Reis
PURPOSE: To explore the experiences and preferences of population-based research participants to whom an incidental finding was communicated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Of the 2580 participants of the Netherlands Epidemiology of Obesity (NEO) study who underwent magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scanning of the abdomen, heart, and/or brain, an incidental finding with presumed health importance was disclosed to 56 (2%) participants. These participants were invited to discuss their experiences regarding the communication of the finding by the NEO research team in a focus group discussion...
May 4, 2017: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging: JMRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461437/why-on-earth-did-i-buy-that-a-study-of-regretted-appliance-purchases
#18
T Roberts, A Hope, A Skelton
If targets to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and thereby tackle climate change are to be achieved, it will be necessary to reduce both embodied energy costs (e.g. in terms of producing and manufacturing the products and services that society consumes) and operational energy costs. Reducing the number of purchases that people regret could be a first step in changing the overall dynamic of consumption patterns. This research looks at some potentially adverse effects of consumption on well-being (e.g. negative emotions), applying social practice theory to give insights into why people make purchases that they feel negatively about...
June 13, 2017: Philosophical Transactions. Series A, Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445627/psychosocial-wellbeing-after-living-kidney-donation-a-longitudinal-prospective-study
#19
Hannah Maple, Joseph Chilcot, John Weinman, Nizam Mamode
Living kidney donation (LKD) has become routine practice across the world as the gold standard treatment of end-stage renal failure. Whilst the physical risks and harms of LKD surgery are well documented, relatively little is known about psychosocial outcomes. The aim of this study was to determine whether it was possible to quantify the psychosocial impact of LKD. A prospective longitudinal study of 93 living kidney donors was performed. Data were collected pre-operatively, and 3 and 12 months after donation...
April 26, 2017: Transplant International: Official Journal of the European Society for Organ Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442552/the-role-of-anticipated-decision-regret-and-the-patient-s-best-interest-in-sterilisation-and-medically-assisted-reproduction
#20
Heidi Mertes
There is a clear discrepancy in the way those who request medical assistance in pursuit of their reproductive choices are treated. On the one hand, women who request a sterilisation are urged to consider possible future regrets and are sometimes refused treatment in anticipation of such regrets. This is despite the fact that for all age ranges, the majority of women undergoing a sterilisation do not regret the decision. Moreover, women who are voluntarily childless are likely to have a happier and more gratifying life than parents...
May 2017: Journal of Medical Ethics
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