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Wenwen Wang, Juan Liu, Jianni Qi, Junyong Zhang, Qiang Zhu, Chengyong Qin
Following the publication of this article, we realize that the title appeared incorrectly: This appeared in print as 'RLIP76 increases apoptosis through Akt/mTOR signaling pathway in gastric cancer', and the corrected title is now featured above ('increases' should have read as 'decreases'). Note that this error did not have any bearing on the results reported in the paper (which were reported accurately in terms of the influence of RLIP76 on apoptosis of human gastric cancer SGC‑7901 and MGC‑803 cells), or the conclusions therein...
May 2018: Oncology Reports
Cláudia Melo, Ana Fonseca, Mariana Moura-Ramos, Teresa Almeida-Santos, Maria Cristina Canavarro
PURPOSE: To assess female cancer patients' perceptions of the fertility preservation decision-making process and to examine the effect of clinicians' support on the decision quality. METHODS: A total of 71 patients participated in this longitudinal study with two assessment time points (before cancer therapy, after cancer therapy). Self-report measures assessed the decision-making process, the decision quality and the clinicians' support. RESULTS: A less positive experience in the decision-making process was associated with higher decisional regret and lower decisional satisfaction...
March 20, 2018: Journal of Psychosocial Oncology
C Barriga-Montoya, A Huanosta-Gutiérrez, A Reyes-Vaca, A Hernández-Cruz, A Picones, F Gómez-Lagunas
The original publication of this article contained multiple technical errors that occurred during its production and printing. These errors included sentences and paragraphs with parts missing. The Publisher regrets these mistakes.
March 16, 2018: Pflügers Archiv: European Journal of Physiology
Genevieve Creighton, John L Oliffe, Joan Bottorff, Joy Johnson
While the gendered nature of suicide has received increased research attention, the experiences of women who have lost a man to suicide are poorly understood. Drawing on qualitative photovoice interviews with 29 women who lost a man to suicide, we completed a narrative analysis, focused on describing the ways that women constructed and accounted for their experiences. We found that women's narratives drew upon feminine ideals of caring for men's health, which in turn gave rise to feelings of guilt over the man's suicide...
March 1, 2018: American Journal of Men's Health
Erin M Ellis, Glyn Elwyn, Wendy L Nelson, Peter Scalia, Sarah C Kobrin, Rebecca A Ferrer
Background: People often use affective forecasts, or predictions about how a decision will make them feel, to guide medical and health decision making. However, these forecasts are susceptible to biases and inaccuracies that can have consequential effects on decision making and health. Purpose: A meta-analysis was performed to determine the effectiveness of intervening to address affective forecasting as a means of helping patients make better health-related choices...
February 5, 2018: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
Kyoko Ishida, Naoya Moroto, Kazuhiro Murata, Tetsuya Yamamoto
The publisher regrets that the original version.
March 12, 2018: Japanese Journal of Ophthalmology
Douglas C Dean, E M Planalp, W Wooten, C K Schmidt, S R Kecskemeti, C Frye, N L Schmidt, H H Goldsmith, A L Alexander, R J Davidson
The authors regret that, in this article, there was an error in the analyses comparing infant male and female regional brain volume differences.
March 10, 2018: Brain Structure & Function
Nicole R Fowler, C Elizabeth Shaaban, Alexia M Torke, Kathleen A Lane, Samir Saba, Amber E Barnato
Background: The decision to implant a cardiac device in a person with Alzheimer's disease or related dementia requires considering the possible trade-offs of quality of life (QOL) and quantity of life. This study measured the decision-making experience of patients with and without cognitive impairment (CI) who received a cardiac device and their family members who were involved in the decision. Methods and Results: Semi-structured interviews and questionnaires were administered with 15 patient-family member dyads...
2018: Cardiol Cardiovasc Med
Emily Koert, Judith C Daniluk
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine the experience of permanent childlessness after delayed childbearing. BACKGROUND: More women are delaying childbearing while they pursue a career, gain financial stability and seek an appropriate partner. However, given that fertility declines with age, there is concern that more women will end up permanently, unintentionally childless after postponing childbearing. There is little known about this growing and invisible group...
September 2017: Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology
Johanna Olson-Kennedy, Jonathan Warus, Vivian Okonta, Marvin Belzer, Leslie F Clark
Importance: Transmasculine youth, who are assigned female at birth but have a gender identity along the masculine spectrum, often report considerable distress after breast development (chest dysphoria). Professional guidelines lack clarity regarding referring minors (defined as people younger than 18 years) for chest surgery because there are no data documenting the effect of chest surgery on minors. Objective: To examine the amount of chest dysphoria in transmasculine youth who had had chest reconstruction surgery compared with those who had not undergone this surgery...
March 5, 2018: JAMA Pediatrics
Robin S Cronin, Minglan Li, Michelle Wise, Billie Bradford, Vicki Culling, Jane Zuccollo, John M D Thompson, Edwin A Mitchell, Lesley M E McCowan
BACKGROUND: For parents who experience stillbirth, knowing the cause of their baby's death is important. A post mortem examination is the gold standard investigation, but little is known about what may influence parents' decisions to accept or decline. AIM: We aimed to identify factors influencing maternal decision-making about post mortem examination after late stillbirth. METHODS: In the New Zealand Multicentre Stillbirth Study, 169 women with singleton pregnancies, no known abnormality at recruitment, and late stillbirth (≥28weeks gestation), from seven health regions were interviewed within six weeks of birth...
March 5, 2018: Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
Koen van der Swaluw, Mattijs S Lambooij, Jolanda J P Mathijssen, Marcel Zeelenberg, Johan J Polder, Henriëtte M Prast
Many people aim to change their lifestyle, but have trouble acting on their intentions. Behavioral economic incentives and related emotions can support commitment to personal health goals, but the related emotions remain unexplored. In a regret lottery, winners who do not attain their health goals do not get their prize but receive feedback on what their forgone earnings would have been. This counterfactual feedback should provoke anticipated regret and increase commitment to health goals. We explored which emotions were actually expected upon missing out on a prize due to unsuccessful weight loss and which incentive-characteristics influence their likelihood and intensity...
March 5, 2018: Psychology, Health & Medicine
Marie-Anne van Stam, Arwen H Pieterse, Henk G van der Poel, J L H Ruud Bosch, Corinne Tillier, Simon Horenblas, Neil K Aaronson
PURPOSE: The aims of this study were: (1) to describe preferred and experienced roles in treatment decision-making among patients with localized prostate cancer (PC); (2) to identify how often patients' experienced roles matched their preferred roles; and (3) to determine whether active involvement in decision-making regardless of role preferences, or concordance between preferred and experienced role is the strongest predictor of more favourable patient-reported outcomes. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In this prospective, multicenter, observational study we obtained serial questionnaire data from newly-diagnosed localized PC patients (cT1-cT2 or Gleason≤7, PSA≤20) (N=454)...
February 28, 2018: Journal of Urology
Anne Schirmann, Frances M Boyle, Dell Horey, Dimitrios Siassakos, David Ellwood, Ingrid Rowlands, Vicki Flenady
BACKGROUND: Experiencing stillbirth is devastating and leaves parents searching for causes. Autopsy is the gold standard for investigation, but deciding to consent to this procedure is very difficult for parents. Decision support in the form of clear, consistent, and parent-centered information is likely to be helpful. The aims of this study were to understand the influences on parents' decisions about autopsy after stillbirth and to identify attributes of effective decision support that align with parents' needs...
March 2, 2018: Birth
Oscar J Manrique, Kian Adabi, Jorys Martinez-Jorge, Pedro Ciudad, Fabio Nicoli, Kidakorn Kiranantawat
INTRODUCTION: There is an increased need for evidence-based practices in male-to-female (MtF) transgender vaginoplasty. Although there are a multitude of surgical techniques, there is a paucity of data comparing these procedures. A systematic review of retrospective studies on the outcomes of MtF vaginoplasty was conducted to minimize surgical complications and improve patient outcomes for transgender patients. METHODS: Applying the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis, a comprehensive search of several databases from 1985 to November 7, 2017, was conducted...
February 28, 2018: Annals of Plastic Surgery
Cameron W Swanick, Xiudong Lei, Ying Xu, Yu Shen, Nathan A Goodwin, Grace L Smith, Sharon H Giordano, Kelly K Hunt, Reshma Jagsi, Simona F Shaitelman, Susan K Peterson, Benjamin D Smith
PURPOSE: For older women with breast cancer, local therapy options may include lumpectomy plus whole-breast irradiation (Lump + WBI), lumpectomy plus brachytherapy (Lump + Brachy), lumpectomy alone (Lump alone), mastectomy without radiation therapy (Mast alone), and mastectomy plus radiation therapy (Mast + RT). We surveyed a population-based cohort of older breast cancer survivors to assess the association of local therapy with long-term quality-of-life outcomes. METHODS AND MATERIALS: We used nationally comprehensive Medicare claims to identify women aged ≥67 years in whom nonmetastatic breast cancer was diagnosed in 2009, who were treated with 1 of the 5 aforementioned treatment options, and who were still alive in 2015...
March 15, 2018: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
Xiang Y Gao, Lin Li, Xiao H Wang, Xian Z Wen, Ke Ji, Lin Ye, Jun Cai, Wen G Jiang, Jia F Ji
We have recently noticed an accidental error in part of a figure which appeared in the above‑mentioned article. In Fig. 3A, the image for the HGC27‑pEF, 15 h panel was mistakenly replicated as the HGC27‑KD, 0 h panel in the same figure, and the AGS‑pEF, 15 h and AGS KD, 0 h panels were mistakenly switched with each other. We have reviewed the original files and the individual figures for the submitted composite figure, and realized that the error occurred when we produced the composite figure by marrying the individual images to the final figure...
February 14, 2018: Oncology Reports
Xinwei Liu, Jingdong Zhang, Wenfeng Han, Yu Wang, Yunen Liu, Yubiao Zhang, Dapeng Zhou, Liangbi Xiang
Subsequent to the publication of the above paper, the authors realize that they did not acknowledge their funders in their paper. Consequently, the following information should have been included in the published article: "Funding: This study was supported by a grant from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (no. 81401586)". The authors sincerely apologize for this mistake, and regret the inconvenience this omission has caused, including that to the funders of this study. [the original article was published in the Molecular Medicine Reports 16: 192-200, 2017; DOI: 10...
February 21, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
Larry A Allen, Colleen K McIlvennan, Jocelyn S Thompson, Shannon M Dunlay, Shane J LaRue, Eldrin F Lewis, Chetan B Patel, Laura Blue, Diane L Fairclough, Erin C Leister, Russell E Glasgow, Joseph C Cleveland, Clifford Phillips, Vicie Baldridge, Mary Norine Walsh, Daniel D Matlock
Importance: Shared decision making helps patients and clinicians elect therapies aligned with patients' values and preferences. This is particularly important for invasive therapies with considerable trade-offs. Objective: To assess the effectiveness of a shared decision support intervention for patients considering destination therapy left ventricular assist device (DT LVAD) placement. Design, Setting, and Participants: From 2015 to 2017, a randomized, stepped-wedge trial was conducted in 6 US LVAD implanting centers including 248 patients being considered for DT LVAD...
February 26, 2018: JAMA Internal Medicine
Yin Wu, Luke Clark, Samuele Zilioli, Christoph Eisenegger, Claire M Gillan, Huihua Deng, Hong Li
Testosterone has been implicated in the regulation of emotional responses and risky decision-making. However, the causal effect of testosterone upon emotional decision-making, especially in non-social settings, is still unclear. The present study investigated the role of testosterone in counterfactual thinking: regret is an intense negative emotion that arises from comparison of an obtained outcome from a decision against a better, non-obtained (i.e. counterfactual) alternative. Healthy male participants (n = 64) received a single-dose of 150 mg testosterone Androgel in a double-blind, placebo-controlled, between-participants design...
February 21, 2018: Psychoneuroendocrinology
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