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Arielle Baskin-Sommers, Allison M Stuppy-Sullivan, Joshua W Buckholtz
Psychopathy is associated with persistent antisocial behavior and a striking lack of regret for the consequences of that behavior. Although explanatory models for psychopathy have largely focused on deficits in affective responsiveness, recent work indicates that aberrant value-based decision making may also play a role. On that basis, some have suggested that psychopathic individuals may be unable to effectively use prospective simulations to update action value estimates during cost-benefit decision making...
November 28, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Nancy Li, Yasmin Jayasinghe, Matthew A Kemertzis, Paddy Moore, Michelle Peate
PURPOSE: Decisions surrounding fertility preservation (FP) in children, adolescents, and adults can be difficult due to the distress of a cancer diagnosis, time constraints for decision-making, and lack of efficacy data. This review examines the decision-making process of oncology patients and their parents (if patients are in the pediatric or adolescent population) to better understand experiences of decisional conflict and regret. METHODS: Two electronic databases, Embase and Pubmed, were searched using the terms (Decision-making OR Conflict (Psychology) OR Decision regret) AND (Freezing OR Oocyte OR Ovarian tissue OR Semen preservation OR Fertility preservation OR Cryopreservation) AND (Neoplasms OR Cancer OR Chemotherapy OR Drug therapy OR Radiotherapy)...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
Lisl Robertson Lain, Stewart Bernard, Mark W Matthews
We regret that the Rrs spectra shown for the EAP modelled high biomass validation in Fig. 7 [Opt. Express, 22, 16745 (2014)] are incorrect. They are corrected here. The closest match of modelled to measured effective diameter is for a generalised 16 μm dinoflagellate population and not a 12 μm one as previously stated. These corrections do not affect the discussion or the conclusions of the paper.
November 28, 2016: Optics Express
Andrew J Vickers
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Medical Decision Making: An International Journal of the Society for Medical Decision Making
Wen-Bin Zheng, Wei Cong, Junling Hou, Jian-Gang Ma, Xiao-Xuan Zhang, Xing-Quan Zhu, Qing-Feng Meng, Dong-Hui Zhou
Toxoplasma gondii, an obligate intracellular apicomplexan parasite, can infect homoiothermal vertebrate animals, including raccoon dogs (Nyctereutes procyonoides). Regretfully, data on T. gondii infection in raccoon dogs were limited in China. Therefore, to investigate the seroprevalence and to evaluate risk factors for T. gondii infection in raccoon dogs, a total of 1181 raccoon dog blood samples were collected from Jilin and Shandong provinces, China, from September to December 2014. The antibodies of T. gondii were examined using the modified agglutination test...
November 28, 2016: Vector Borne and Zoonotic Diseases
Linda J Skitka, Brittany E Hanson, Daniel C Wisneski
People are more likely to become politically engaged (e.g., vote, engage in activism) when issues are associated with strong moral convictions. The goal of this research was to understand the underlying motivations that lead to this well-replicated effect. Specifically, to what extent is moralized political engagement motivated by proscriptive concerns (e.g., perceived harms, anticipated regret), prescriptive concerns (e.g., perceived benefits, anticipated pride), or some combination of these processes? And are the motivational pathways between moral conviction and political engagement the same or different for liberals and conservatives? Two studies (combined N = 2,069) found that regardless of political orientation, the association between moral conviction and political engagement was mediated by the perceived benefits of preferred but not the perceived harms of non-preferred policy outcomes, and by both anticipated pride and regret, findings that replicated in two contexts: legalizing same-sex marriage and allowing concealed weapons on college campuses...
November 21, 2016: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
Paddy McQueen
Sterilisation requests made by young, child-free adults are frequently denied by doctors, despite sterilisation being legally available to individuals over the age of 18. A commonly given reason for denied requests is that the patient will later regret their decision. In this paper, I examine whether the possibility of future regret is a good reason for denying a sterilisation request. I argue that it is not and hence that decision-competent adults who have no desire to have children should have their requests approved...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Medical Ethics
Alexandre Y Dombrovski, Michael N Hallquist
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Suicide attempts are usually regretted by people who survive them. Furthermore, addiction and gambling are over-represented among people who attempt or die by suicide, raising the question whether their decision-making is impaired. Advances in decision neuroscience have enabled us to investigate decision processes in suicidal people and to elucidate putative neural substrates of disadvantageous decision-making. RECENT FINDINGS: Early studies have linked attempted suicide to poor performance on gambling tasks...
January 2017: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
Shama Alam, Glyn Elwyn, Sanja Percac-Lima, Stuart Grande, Marie-Anne Durand
BACKGROUND: Women of low socioeconomic status (SES) diagnosed with early stage breast cancer are less likely to be involved in treatment decisions. They tend to report higher decisional regret and poorer communication. Evidence suggests that well-designed encounter decision aids (DAs) could improve outcomes and potentially reduce healthcare disparities. Our goal was to evaluate the acceptability and feasibility of encounter decision aids (Option Grid, Comic Option Grid, and Picture Option Grid) adapted for a low-SES and low-literacy population...
November 21, 2016: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
B L Snyder
: WHAT IS KNOWN ON THE SUBJECT?: There is disagreement about the costs and benefits of asking women about their abuse experiences in practice and research settings. No known meta-syntheses have been conducted to evaluate the qualitative data that exist on the experiences of women being asked about their abuse. WHAT THIS PAPER ADDS TO THE EXISTING KNOWLEDGE?: This review adds robust qualitative evidence that interviewing women about their abuse experiences can be a beneficial and healing experience for them...
November 2016: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
K Haude, P McCarthy Veach, B LeRoy, H Zierhut
Fanconi anemia (FA) is characterized by congenital malformations, progressive bone marrow failure, and predisposition to malignancy. Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation is used to treat FA, and best results are attained with sibling donors who are human leukocyte antigen (HLA) identical matches. Preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) offers parents of an affected child the opportunity to have an unaffected child who is an HLA match. While some research has investigated parents' experiences during the PGD process, no published studies specifically address factors influencing their decision-making process and long-term interpersonal outcomes...
November 17, 2016: Journal of Genetic Counseling
Adi Itzkin, Dina Van Dijk, Ofer H Azar
Regret is an unpleasant feeling that may arise following decisions that ended poorly, and may affect the decision-maker's well-being and future decision making. Some studies show that a decision to act leads to greater regret than a decision not to act when both resulted in failure, because the latter is usually the norm. In some cases, when the norm is to act, this pattern is reversed. We suggest that the decision maker's regulatory focus, affects regret after action or inaction. Specifically, promotion-focused individuals, who tend to be more proactive, view action as more normal than prevention-focused individuals, and therefore experience regulatory fit when an action decision is made...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
Maria-Margarita Becerra-Perez, Matthew Menear, Stephane Turcotte, Michel Labrecque, France Légaré
BACKGROUND: We sought to estimate the extent of decision regret among primary care patients and identify risk factors associated with regret. METHODS: Secondary analysis of an observational descriptive study conducted in two Canadian provinces. Unique patient-physician dyads were recruited from 17 primary care clinics and data on patient, physician and consultation characteristics were collected before, during and immediately after consultations, as well as two weeks post-consultation, when patients completed the Decision Regret Scale (DRS)...
November 10, 2016: BMC Family Practice
Bo Li, Yuehua Yang, Shengdan Jiang, Binbin Ni, Ke Chen, Leisheng Jiang
Following the publication of this article, an interested reader drew to our attention an anomaly associated with the presentation of the western blots in Fig. 4B and C. These contained the same GAPDH control data, even though Fig. 4B and C were intended to show the inhibition of osteosarcoma cell migration by a recombinant adenovirus (ad) expressing bone morphogenetic protein 9 (adBMP-9) in two different cell lines, MG-63 and HOS, respectively. After having re-examined our original data, we realize that the same GAPDH control bands were inadvertently selected for Fig...
November 2016: International Journal of Oncology
Yaira Hamama-Raz, Eyal Ginossar-David, Menachem Ben-Ezra
BACKGROUND: Parental hesitancy for recommended childhood vaccines is a growing public health concern influenced by various factors. This study aimed to explore regret regarding parental decisions to vaccinate their children via possible correlations between anticipated regret, altruism, coping strategies, and parents' attitudes toward the vaccination of their children. METHODS: The study was conducted during 2014 in Israel. Data were collected via snowballing methodology (i...
2016: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
Cameron J Forrest, Daniel L King, Paul H Delfabbro
Understanding the role of maladaptive gaming-related cognitions may assist in screening and interventions for problematic gaming, including Internet gaming disorder (IGD). Cognitive-behavioural interventions that target specific cognitions related to gaming may be more effective than more general approaches that focus only on preoccupation with games. Although past research has identified cross-sectional associations between maladaptive cognitions and problematic gaming, it is less clear whether these cognitions can predict future changes in problematic gaming behaviour...
October 25, 2016: Addictive Behaviors
Alexandre Magno Delgado, Alessandra da Boaviagem Freire, Elaine Lima Silva Wanderley, Andrea Lemos
Purpose To analyze the internal consistency and the construct validity of the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) State-Anxiety (S-Anxiety) scale for pregnant women during labor. Method A study of measurement property including 150 pregnant women aged between 15 and 45 years old, during the first period of labor and with term pregnancies. The questionnaire used was the STAI S-Anxiety scale. In order to assess the internal consistency, Cronbach's α was calculated through an exploratory factor analysis...
November 3, 2016: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
Karen Levy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2, 2016: Journal of Infectious Diseases
Michael R Jaff, John Kaufman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2, 2016: JAMA Cardiology
Agathe Delanoë, Johanie Lépine, Stéphane Turcotte, Maria Esther Leiva Portocarrero, Hubert Robitaille, Anik Mc Giguère, Brenda J Wilson, Holly O Witteman, Isabelle Lévesque, Laurence Guillaumie, France Légaré
BACKGROUND: Deciding about undergoing prenatal screening is difficult, as it entails risks, potential loss and regrets, and challenges to personal values. Shared decision making and decision aids (DAs) can help pregnant women give informed and values-based consent or refusal to prenatal screening, but little is known about factors influencing the use of DAs. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to identify the influence of psychosocial factors on pregnant women's intention to use a DA for prenatal screening for Down syndrome (DS)...
October 28, 2016: Journal of Medical Internet Research
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