keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Laughter

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330395/changes-of-posttraumatic-stress-responses-in-evacuated-residents-and-their-related-factors
#1
Misari Oe, Hideto Takahashi, Masaharu Maeda, Mayumi Harigane, Senta Fujii, Itaru Miura, Masato Nagai, Hirooki Yabe, Tetsuya Ohira, Yuriko Suzuki, Seiji Yasumura, Masafumi Abe
The longitudinal posttraumatic stress responses and resilient factors after the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant are yet unknown. Here we attempted to quantify the patterns of the course of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms and we explored the factors associated with psychological recovery. The subjects were 12 371 residents in the municipalities categorized as the forced evacuated area. We categorized the subjects' PTSD symptoms into 4 groups: Chronic, Resistant, Recovered, and Non-recovered...
March 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322718/pseudoaneurysm-of-a-branch-of-the-femoral-circumflex-artery-as-a-complication-of-revision-arthroscopic-release-of-the-iliopsoas-tendon
#2
Naoki Nakano, Laughter Lisenda, Vikas Khanduja
Treatment of painful internal snapping hip via arthroscopic release of the iliopsoas tendon is becoming the preferred option over open techniques because of the benefits of minimal dissection and fewer complications. However, complications do occur with arthroscopic techniques as well. We present the case of a 33-year-old woman who presented with painful internal snapping of her right hip and underwent arthroscopic release of the iliopsoas tendon. Following the procedure she continued to complain of pain in her groin and was therefore investigated further with a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) which revealed a swelling near the femoral circumflex vessels...
2017: SICOT-J
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318646/effects-of-mandatory-continuing-education-related-to-infection-control-on-the-infection-control-practices-of-dental-hygienists
#3
Noel Kelsch, Cheryl A Davis, Gwen Essex, Lory Laughter, Dorothy J Rowe
The infection control (IC) practices of dental hygienists, who were practicing in states with and without mandatory continuing education (CE) related to IC, were compared using a nationwide survey approach. The percentages of respondents from states with mandated IC CE, who reported compliance with 8 practices described in the current IC guidelines and acquiring more CE units and taking more recent IC CE, were greater (P < .005) than the percentages of respondents from states without the requirement.
March 17, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244210/clinical-characteristics-and-outcome-of-patients-with-situational-syncope-compared-to-patients-with-vasovagal-syncope
#4
Kevin E Wenzke, Kathleen E Walsh, Matthew Kalscheur, Stephen Wasmund, Richard L Page, Michele Brignole, Mohamed H Hamdan
BACKGROUNDS: The purpose of the study was to assess the clinical outcome of patients with situational syncope (SS) compared to patients with vasovagal syncope (VVS). METHODS: We assessed the prevalence, patients' characteristics and outcome of consecutive patients with SS and VVS who presented to the Faint and Fall Clinic (University of Wisconsin) between January 2013 and December 2015. RESULTS: SS was found in 55/1401(4.0%) syncope patients with follow-up data available in 47 patients: defecation (n = 16), micturition (n = 15), cough (n = 10), swallow (n = 3), laughter (n = 1), sneeze (n = 1) and cough plus laughter (n = 1)...
February 28, 2017: Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology: PACE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239548/ictal-laughter-and-crying-should-they-be-classified-as-automatisms
#5
Anna-Marieta Moise, Linda Leary, Lola C Morgan, Alex M Papanastassiou, C Ákos Szabó
Gelastic seizures (GS) describe ictal laughter and are associated with hypothalamic lesions, as well as other cortical areas. Dacrystic seizures (DS), characterized by ictal crying, also have been reported in hypothalamic lesions and focal epilepsy. We describe a young girl with drug resistant focal dyscognitive seizures associated with gelastic and dacrystic features. However, neither laughter nor crying was correlated with a stereotyped electroencephalographic (EEG) pattern or involvement of a particular brain region...
2017: Epilepsy & Behavior Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28235777/observing-conversational-laughter-in-frontotemporal-dementia
#6
Peter S Pressman, Michaela Simpson, Kelly Gola, Suzanne M Shdo, Edoardo G Spinelli, Bruce L Miller, Maria Luisa Gorno-Tempini, Katherine Rankin, Robert W Levenson
BACKGROUND: We performed an observational study of laughter during seminaturalistic conversations between patients with dementia and familial caregivers. Patients were diagnosed with (1) behavioural variant frontotemporal dementia (bvFTD), (2) right temporal variant frontotemporal dementia (rtFTD), (3) semantic variant of primary progressive aphasia (svPPA), (4) non-fluent variant primary progressive aphasia (nfvPPA) or (5) early onset Alzheimer's disease (eoAD). We hypothesised that those with bvFTD would laugh less in response to their own speech than other dementia groups or controls, while those with rtFTD would laugh less regardless of who was speaking...
February 24, 2017: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211496/the-use-of-bright-and-dark-types-of-humour-is-rooted-in-the-brain
#7
Ilona Papousek, Willibald Ruch, Christian Rominger, Elisabeth Kindermann, Katharina Scheidl, Günter Schulter, Andreas Fink, Elisabeth M Weiss
The ways in which humour can be used are related to the manifold interpersonal functions humour can serve, some of which are positive, and some negative. In the present study, phasic changes in the functional coupling of prefrontal and posterior cortex (EEG coherence) during other people's auditory displays of happy and sad mood were recorded to predict people's typical use of humour in social interactions. Greater use of benevolent humour, the intentions of which are in keeping with the characteristics of "laughing-with" humour, was associated with greater decreases of prefrontal-posterior coupling during the processing of happy laughter...
February 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209737/gaba-cells-in-the-central-nucleus-of-the-amygdala-promote-cataplexy
#8
Matthew B Snow, Jimmy J Fraigne, Gabrielle Thibault-Messier, Victoria L Chuen, Aren Thomasian, Richard L Horner, John Peever
Cataplexy is a hallmark of narcolepsy characterized by the sudden uncontrollable onset of muscle weakness or paralysis during wakefulness. It can occur spontaneously, but is typically triggered by positive emotions such as laughter. Although cataplexy was identified over 130 years ago, its neural mechanism remains unclear. Here, we show that a newly identified GABA circuit within the central nucleus of the amygdala (CeA) promotes cataplexy. We used behavioral, electrophysiological, immunohistochemical, and chemogenetic strategies to selectively target and manipulate CeA activity in narcoleptic (orexin(-/-) ) mice to determine its functional role in controlling cataplexy...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203263/perception-of-emotional-valence-in-horse-whinnies
#9
Elodie F Briefer, Roi Mandel, Anne-Laure Maigrot, Sabrina Briefer Freymond, Iris Bachmann, Edna Hillmann
BACKGROUND: Non-human animals often produce different types of vocalisations in negative and positive contexts (i.e. different valence), similar to humans, in which crying is associated with negative emotions and laughter is associated with positive ones. However, some types of vocalisations (e.g. contact calls, human speech) can be produced in both negative and positive contexts, and changes in valence are only accompanied by slight structural differences. Although such acoustically graded signals associated with opposite valence have been highlighted in some species, it is not known if conspecifics discriminate them, and if contagion of emotional valence occurs as a result...
2017: Frontiers in Zoology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178759/association-between-poor-psychosocial-conditions-and-diabetic-nephropathy-in-japanese-type-2-diabetes-patients-a-cross-sectional-study
#10
Hiroyo Ninomiya, Naoto Katakami, Taka-Aki Matsuoka, Mitsuyoshi Takahara, Hitoshi Nishizawa, Norikazu Maeda, Michio Ohtsuki, Akihisa Imagawa, Hiroyasu Iso, Tetsuya Ohira, Iichiro Shimomura
AIMS/INTRODUCTION: It is suggested that positive psychosocial condition has a good effect on health and glycemic control. However, there has been no research to evaluate the association between positive psychosocial factors and diabetic nephropathy (DN). The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between psychosocial factors and DN in patients with type 2 diabetes. MATERIAL AND METHODS: To assess psychosocial condition, 6 indicators (Happiness score, LOT-R score as an indicator of dispositional optimism, Laughter frequency, Self-awareness of stress, Social network, and Social support) were assessed by self-administered questionnaire, and associations between these psychosocial indicators and the presence of DN were examined...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Diabetes Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141710/the-curse-of-the-dolphins-cognitive-decline-and-psychosis
#11
Randall Phelps, Anne Tsai, Arlene Hagen, Joseph Pinter, Raegan Smith, Martin T Stein
Isela is an 11-year-old Mexican-American girl with mild intellectual disability. During a vacation with her family, she went swimming with dolphins. A few days later, Isela awoke at night with laughing spells; during the day, she was pacing, aggressive, and had a decline in self-care and communication skills. Her parents attributed the symptoms to the dolphins. She was evaluated by a pediatric neurologist. The sleep-deprived electroencephalogram, brain magnetic resonance imaging, lumbar puncture, and thyroid function tests were normal...
February 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105643/peer-groups-as-a-context-for-school-misconduct-the-moderating-role-of-group-interactional-style
#12
Wendy Ellis, Lynne Zarbatany, Xinyin Chen, Megan Kinal, Lisa Boyko
Peer group interactional style was examined as a moderator of the relation between peer group school misconduct and group members' school misconduct. Participants were 705 students (Mage  = 11.59 years, SD = 1.37) in 148 peer groups. Children reported on their school misconduct in fall and spring. In the winter, group members were observed in a limited-resource task and a group conversation task, and negative and positive group interactional styles were assessed. Multilevel modeling indicated that membership in groups that were higher on school misconduct predicted greater school misconduct only when the groups were high on negative or low on positive interactional style...
January 20, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095313/prefrontal-mediation-of-emotion-regulation-in-social-anxiety-disorder-during-laughter-perception
#13
Benjamin Kreifelts, Carolin Brück, Thomas Ethofer, Jan Ritter, Lena Weigel, Michael Erb, Dirk Wildgruber
Social anxiety disorder (SAD) is characterized by negatively biased perception of social cues and deficits in emotion regulation. While negatively biased perception is thought to maintain social anxiety, emotion regulation represents an ability necessary to overcome both biased perception and social anxiety. Here, we used laughter as a social threat in a functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) study to identify cerebral mediators linking SAD with attention and interpretation biases and their modification through cognitive emotion regulation in the form of reappraisal...
February 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990716/quantitative-measurement-of-communication-ability-in-children-with-angelman-syndrome
#14
Joseph C Grieco, Ruth H Bahr, Mike R Schoenberg, Laura Conover, Lauren N Mackie, Edwin J Weeber
BACKGROUND: Angelman syndrome is a rare disorder in which most individuals do not develop speech. Testing of communication ability using traditional neuropsychological measures reveals a performance level at or near the floor of the instrument resulting in an inability to detect change when experimental therapeutics are applied. METHODS: Nine individuals, with molecularly confirmed AS, ranging in age from 34 to 126 months, and a single healthy control child (age 16 months) were audio and video-recorded while interacting with a licensed speech-language pathologist in an attempt to elicit vocalization and non-verbal communication...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987363/escitalopram-in-disorder-of-laughter-and-crying-with-predominant-laughter-incontinence
#15
Debadatta Mohapatra, Biswa Ranjan Mishra, Rituparna Maiti, Sudipta Das
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2017: Journal of Basic and Clinical Physiology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982486/the-effect-of-laughter-therapy-on-the-quality-of-life-of-nursing-home-residents
#16
Nilgun Kuru, Gulumser Kublay
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect of Laughter therapy on the quality of life of nursing home residents. BACKGROUND: By improving the quality of life of residents living in nursing homes and allowing them to have a healthier existence, their lives can be extended. Therefore, interventions impacting the quality of life of older adults are of critical importance. DESIGN: Quasi-experimental design. METHOD: The study was conducted between 2 March - 25 May 2015...
December 16, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974522/automatic-facial-mimicry-in-response-to-dynamic-emotional-stimuli-in-five-month-old-infants
#17
Tomoko Isomura, Tamami Nakano
Human adults automatically mimic others' emotional expressions, which is believed to contribute to sharing emotions with others. Although this behaviour appears fundamental to social reciprocity, little is known about its developmental process. Therefore, we examined whether infants show automatic facial mimicry in response to others' emotional expressions. Facial electromyographic activity over the corrugator supercilii (brow) and zygomaticus major (cheek) of four- to five-month-old infants was measured while they viewed dynamic clips presenting audiovisual, visual and auditory emotions...
December 14, 2016: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966411/-the-effect-of-christmas-joy-on-the-mood-among-medical-doctors-a-randomized-blinded-intervention-study
#18
Christine Ilkjær, Marianne B Møller, Mette H Lauridsen, Susanne Ilkjær, Vibeke E Hjortdal
INTRODUCTION: Each December Santa's elves spread Christmas joy (JN). Laughter and humour may influence health and stress level. No other study has investigated the effect of JN on the good spirit (DGH) among healthcare professionals. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We performed a single-centre blinded intervention study with crossover at three hospital departments. JN intervention of three days was randomized. Median ± standard deviation was given. The level of significance was p < 0...
December 12, 2016: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940151/neural-correlates-of-the-affective-properties-of-spontaneous-and-volitional-laughter-types
#19
Nadine Lavan, Georgia Rankin, Nicole Lorking, Sophie Scott, Carolyn McGettigan
Previous investigations of vocal expressions of emotion have identified acoustic and perceptual distinctions between expressions of different emotion categories, and between spontaneous and volitional (or acted) variants of a given category. Recent work on laughter has identified relationships between acoustic properties of laughs and their perceived affective properties (arousal and valence) that are similar across spontaneous and volitional types (Bryant & Aktipis, 2014; Lavan et al., 2016). In the current study, we explored the neural correlates of such relationships by measuring modulations of the BOLD response in the presence of itemwise variability in the subjective affective properties of spontaneous and volitional laughter...
December 9, 2016: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863598/the-effects-of-a-simulated-laughter-programme-on-mood-cortisol-levels-and-health-related-quality-of-life-among-haemodialysis-patients
#20
Eun Hwa Heo, Sehyun Kim, Hye-Ja Park, Suk Yong Kil
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the effects of a simulated laughter programme on mood, cortisol levels, and health-related quality of life among haemodialysis patients. METHODS: Forty participants were randomly assigned to a laughter group (n = 20) or a control group (n = 20). Eleven participants completed the laughter programme after haemodialysis sessions and 18 control participants remained. The 4-week simulated laughter programme included weekly 60 min group sessions of simulated laughter, breathing, stretching exercises, and meditation, as well as daily 15 s individual laughter sessions administered via telephone...
November 2016: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
keyword
keyword
82133
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"