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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095313/prefrontal-mediation-of-emotion-regulation-in-social-anxiety-disorder-during-laughter-perception
#1
Benjamin Kreifelts, Carolin Brück, Thomas Ethofer, Jan Ritter, Lena Weigel, Michael Erb, Dirk Wildgruber
Social anxiety disorder (SAD) is characterized by negatively biased perception of social cues and deficits in emotion regulation. While negatively biased perception is thought to maintain social anxiety, emotion regulation represents an ability necessary to overcome both biased perception and social anxiety. Here, we used laughter as a social threat in a functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) study to identify cerebral mediators linking SAD with attention and interpretation biases and their modification through cognitive emotion regulation in the form of reappraisal...
January 14, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990716/quantitative-measurement-of-communication-ability-in-children-with-angelman-syndrome
#2
Joseph C Grieco, Ruth H Bahr, Mike R Schoenberg, Laura Conover, Lauren N Mackie, Edwin J Weeber
BACKGROUND: Angelman syndrome is a rare disorder in which most individuals do not develop speech. Testing of communication ability using traditional neuropsychological measures reveals a performance level at or near the floor of the instrument resulting in an inability to detect change when experimental therapeutics are applied. METHODS: Nine individuals, with molecularly confirmed AS, ranging in age from 34 to 126 months, and a single healthy control child (age 16 months) were audio and video-recorded while interacting with a licensed speech-language pathologist in an attempt to elicit vocalization and non-verbal communication...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987363/escitalopram-in-disorder-of-laughter-and-crying-with-predominant-laughter-incontinence
#3
Debadatta Mohapatra, Biswa Ranjan Mishra, Rituparna Maiti, Sudipta Das
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2017: Journal of Basic and Clinical Physiology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982486/the-effect-of-laughter-therapy-on-the-quality-of-life-of-nursing-home-residents
#4
Nilgün Kuru, Gülümser Kublay
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To carry out laughter therapy and evaluate its effect on the quality of life of nursing home residents. BACKGROUND: By improving the quality of life of residents living in nursing homes and allowing them to have a healthier existence, their lives can be extended. Therefore, interventions impacting the quality of life of older adults are of critical importance. DESIGN: Quasi-experimental design. METHOD: The study was conducted between March 2 and May 25, 2015...
December 16, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974522/automatic-facial-mimicry-in-response-to-dynamic-emotional-stimuli-in-five-month-old-infants
#5
Tomoko Isomura, Tamami Nakano
Human adults automatically mimic others' emotional expressions, which is believed to contribute to sharing emotions with others. Although this behaviour appears fundamental to social reciprocity, little is known about its developmental process. Therefore, we examined whether infants show automatic facial mimicry in response to others' emotional expressions. Facial electromyographic activity over the corrugator supercilii (brow) and zygomaticus major (cheek) of four- to five-month-old infants was measured while they viewed dynamic clips presenting audiovisual, visual and auditory emotions...
December 14, 2016: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966411/-the-effect-of-christmas-joy-on-the-mood-among-medical-doctors-a-randomized-blinded-intervention-study
#6
Christine Ilkjær, Marianne B Møller, Mette H Lauridsen, Susanne Ilkjær, Vibeke E Hjortdal
INTRODUCTION: Each December Santa's elves spread Christmas joy (JN). Laughter and humour may influence health and stress level. No other study has investigated the effect of JN on the good spirit (DGH) among healthcare professionals. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We performed a single-centre blinded intervention study with crossover at three hospital departments. JN intervention of three days was randomized. Median ± standard deviation was given. The level of significance was p < 0...
December 12, 2016: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940151/neural-correlates-of-the-affective-properties-of-spontaneous-and-volitional-laughter-types
#7
Nadine Lavan, Georgia Rankin, Nicole Lorking, Sophie Scott, Carolyn McGettigan
Previous investigations of vocal expressions of emotion have identified acoustic and perceptual distinctions between expressions of different emotion categories, and between spontaneous and volitional (or acted) variants of a given category. Recent work on laughter has identified relationships between acoustic properties of laughs and their perceived affective properties (arousal and valence) that are similar across spontaneous and volitional types (Bryant & Aktipis, 2014; Lavan et al., 2016). In the current study, we explored the neural correlates of such relationships by measuring modulations of the BOLD response in the presence of itemwise variability in the subjective affective properties of spontaneous and volitional laughter...
December 9, 2016: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863598/the-effects-of-a-simulated-laughter-programme-on-mood-cortisol-levels-and-health-related-quality-of-life-among-haemodialysis-patients
#8
Eun Hwa Heo, Sehyun Kim, Hye-Ja Park, Suk Yong Kil
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the effects of a simulated laughter programme on mood, cortisol levels, and health-related quality of life among haemodialysis patients. METHODS: Forty participants were randomly assigned to a laughter group (n = 20) or a control group (n = 20). Eleven participants completed the laughter programme after haemodialysis sessions and 18 control participants remained. The 4-week simulated laughter programme included weekly 60 min group sessions of simulated laughter, breathing, stretching exercises, and meditation, as well as daily 15 s individual laughter sessions administered via telephone...
November 2016: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836715/laughter-is-the-best-medicine-the-second-city-%C3%A2-improvisation-as-an-intervention-for-parkinson-s-disease
#9
Danny Bega, Pamela Palmentera, Abby Wagner, Matt Hovde, Becca Barish, Mary J Kwasny, Tanya Simuni
BACKGROUND: Expressive therapies are increasingly incorporated into the management of Parkinson's disease (PD), although there are little objective data assessing their benefits. OBJECTIVE: Develop and study a novel community Improvisation Theater (IT) program for PD in order to improve quality of life. METHODS: A prospective, rater-blinded, modified cross-over design study of IT for PD. 22 subjects were randomized 1:1 to active-start (AS) or control-start (CS) groups, controlling for age and Hoehn and Yahr stage...
January 2017: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833572/white-matter-structural-connectivity-underlying-human-laughter-related-traits-processing
#10
Ching-Lin Wu, Suyu Zhong, Yu-Chen Chan, Hsueh-Chih Chen, Gaolang Gong, Yong He, Ping Li
Most research into the neural mechanisms of humor has not explicitly focused on the association between emotion and humor on the brain white matter networks mediating this connection. However, this connection is especially salient in gelotophobia (the fear of being laughed at), which is regarded as the presentation of humorlessness, and two related traits, gelotophilia (the enjoyment of being laughed at) and katagelasticism (the enjoyment of laughing at others). Here, we explored whether the topological properties of white matter networks can account for the individual differences in the laughter-related traits of 31 healthy adults...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797564/genetic-and-environmental-contributions-to-the-development-of-positive-affect-in-infancy
#11
Elizabeth M Planalp, Carol Van Hulle, Kathryn Lemery-Chalfant, H Hill Goldsmith
We studied developmental changes in infant positive affect from 6 to 12 months of age, a time marked by increasing use of positive vocalizations, laughter, and social smiles. We estimated the magnitude of genetic and environmental influences on observed and parent reported infant positive affect across development. Participants were drawn from a longitudinal twin study of infancy and toddlerhood (N = 536 twin pairs). Mothers and fathers reported on infant temperament and infants were videotaped during 2 observational tasks assessing positive affect...
October 31, 2016: Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771696/angelman-syndrome-caused-by-chromosomal-rearrangements-a-case-report-of-46-xx-der-13-t-13-15-q14-1-q12-mat-15-with-an-atypical-phenotype-and-review-of-the-literature
#12
REVIEW
Yo Niida, Hitoshi Sato, Mamoru Ozaki, Masatsune Itoh, Kanju Ikeno, Etsuko Takase
Less than 1% of the cases with Angelman syndrome (AS) are caused by chromosomal rearrangements. This category of AS is not well defined and may manifest atypical phenotypes. Here, we report a girl with AS due to der(13)t(13;15)(q14.1;q12)mat. SNP array detected the precise deletion/duplication points and the parental origin of the 15q deletion. Multicolor FISH confirmed a balanced translocation t(13;15)(q14.1;q12) in her mother. Her facial appearance showed some features of dup(13)(pter→q14). Also, she lacked the most characteristic and unique behavioral symptoms of AS, i...
2016: Cytogenetic and Genome Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27746737/%C3%AE-9-thc-intoxication-by-cannabidiol-enriched-cannabis-extract-in-two-children-with-refractory-epilepsy-full-remission-after-switching-to-purified-cannabidiol
#13
José A S Crippa, Ana C S Crippa, Jaime E C Hallak, Rocio Martín-Santos, Antonio W Zuardi
Animal studies and preliminary clinical trials have shown that cannabidiol (CBD)-enriched extracts may have beneficial effects for children with treatment-resistant epilepsy. However, these compounds are not yet registered as medicines by regulatory agencies. We describe the cases of two children with treatment-resistant epilepsy (Case A with left frontal dysplasia and Case B with Dravet Syndrome) with initial symptom improvement after the introduction of CBD extracts followed by seizure worsening after a short time...
2016: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27725686/impaired-socio-emotional-processing-in-a-developmental-music-disorder
#14
César F Lima, Olivia Brancatisano, Amy Fancourt, Daniel Müllensiefen, Sophie K Scott, Jason D Warren, Lauren Stewart
Some individuals show a congenital deficit for music processing despite normal peripheral auditory processing, cognitive functioning, and music exposure. This condition, termed congenital amusia, is typically approached regarding its profile of musical and pitch difficulties. Here, we examine whether amusia also affects socio-emotional processing, probing auditory and visual domains. Thirteen adults with amusia and 11 controls completed two experiments. In Experiment 1, participants judged emotions in emotional speech prosody, nonverbal vocalizations (e...
October 11, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27721055/adaptation-of-the-infant-behavior-questionnaire-revised-for-use-in-ethiopia-expanding-cross-cultural-investigation-of-temperament-development
#15
Maria A Gartstein, Wolayte Bogale, Courtney L Meehan
Cross-cultural differences in temperament were evaluated for Ethiopian (N=109) and U.S. (N=109) samples of infants. We anticipated that the Sidama version of the Infant Behavior Questionnaire-Revised (IBQ-R; Gartstein & Rothbart, 2003) developed for use in Ethiopia would demonstrate satisfactory psychometric properties, and hypothesized significant cross-cultural differences in levels of fine-grained temperament characteristics. Interactions between culture, infant age, and sex were also considered. Internal consistency was satisfactory for 13 of the 14 IBQ-R scales (with a somewhat low estimate observed for Duration of Orienting), and an examination of the structure indicated patterns similar to those observed in the US, and elsewhere...
October 6, 2016: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27682562/student-life-when-laughter-is-the-best-medicine-and-when-it-is-not
#16
Mandy Day-Calder
As you progress through your placements, you will witness the extremes of the human condition.
September 28, 2016: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27632378/impaired-generalization-of-speaker-identity-in-the-perception-of-familiar-and-unfamiliar-voices
#17
Nadine Lavan, Sophie K Scott, Carolyn McGettigan
In 2 behavioral experiments, we explored how the extraction of identity-related information from familiar and unfamiliar voices is affected by naturally occurring vocal flexibility and variability, introduced by different types of vocalizations and levels of volitional control during production. In a first experiment, participants performed a speaker discrimination task on vowels, volitional (acted) laughter, and spontaneous (authentic) laughter from 5 unfamiliar speakers. We found that performance was significantly impaired for spontaneous laughter, a vocalization produced under reduced volitional control...
December 2016: Journal of Experimental Psychology. General
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27615419/angelman-syndrome-insights-into-a-rare-neurogenetic-disorder
#18
REVIEW
Karin Buiting, Charles Williams, Bernhard Horsthemke
Angelman syndrome is a rare neurogenetic disorder that is characterized by microcephaly, severe intellectual deficit, speech impairment, epilepsy, EEG abnormalities, ataxic movements, tongue protrusion, paroxysms of laughter, abnormal sleep patterns, and hyperactivity. Angelman syndrome results from loss of function of the imprinted UBE3A (ubiquitin-protein ligase E3A) gene on chromosome 15q11.2-q13. This loss of function can be caused by a mutation on the maternal allele, a 5-7 Mb deletion of the maternally inherited chromosomal region, paternal uniparental disomy of chromosome 15, or an imprinting defect...
October 2016: Nature Reviews. Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27611794/adelina-anthony-interview-with-aimee-carrillo-rowe
#19
Adelina Anthony, Aimee Carrillo Rowe
This interview explores how performing artist, activist, writer, director, performer Adelina Anthony stages queer women of color affects as a complex terrain to mobilize a decolonial imaginary. Anthony's characters are complex, contradictory, surly, and resilient with whom audience members connect and feel deeply. Especially for queer women of color, who rarely get to see their own experiences on film or on stage, Anthony's work provides a critical forum for discussing, imagining, naming, and envisioning the connections between our personal struggles and broader forces of imperialism, heterosexual capitalism, and settler colonialism...
September 9, 2016: Journal of Lesbian Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27575516/factors-related-to-the-comorbidity-between-oppositional-defiant-disorder-and-anxiety-disorders-in-preschool-children
#20
Virginia Martín, Roser Granero, Josep Maria Domènech, Lourdes Ezpeleta
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study is to identify factors related to comorbid oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) and anxiety disorders (AD). DESIGN: A sample of 622 children was assessed longitudinally at 3 and 5 years of age. METHODS: At baseline, there were 310 boys (49.8%), most participants were of Caucasian-white-ethnicity (89.1%) and attended to public school (64.0%), and families' socioeconomic status was 64.3% medium-high, 14...
August 30, 2016: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
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