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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733622/a-meta-analytic-investigation-of-the-relation-between-interpersonal-attraction-and-enacted-behavior
#1
R Matthew Montoya, Christine Kershaw, Julie L Prosser
We present a meta-analysis that investigated the relation between self-reported interpersonal attraction and enacted behavior. Our synthesis focused on (a) identifying the behaviors related to attraction; (b) evaluating the efficacy of models of the relation between attraction and behavior; (c) testing the impact of several moderators, including evaluative threat salience, cognitive appraisal salience, and the sex composition of the social interaction; and (d) investigating the degree of agreement between the meta-analytic findings and an ethnographic analysis...
May 7, 2018: Psychological Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733574/quaternized-pei-pnipaam-based-antimicrobial-reverse-thermal-gel-a-potential-for-surgical-incision-drapes
#2
Maria Bortot, Melissa Ronni Laughter, Madia Stein, Adam Rocker, Vikas Patel, Daewon Park
OBJECTIVES: A quaternized reverse thermal gel aimed at replacing current surgical incision drapes (SID) was designed and characterized. The antimicrobial efficacy of the quaternized reverse thermal gel was analyzed using both in vitro and in vivo models and was compared to standard SIDs. METHODS: Polymer characterization was completed using both nuclear magnetic resonance (1H NMR) and lower critical solution temperature (LCST) analysis. Biocompatibility was assessed using a standard cell viability assay...
May 7, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733514/injectable-hydrogels-for-cardiac-tissue-engineering
#3
REVIEW
Brisa Peña, Melissa Laughter, Susan Jett, Teisha J Rowland, Matthew R G Taylor, Luisa Mestroni, Daewon Park
In light of the limited efficacy of current treatments for cardiac regeneration, tissue engineering approaches have been explored for their potential to provide mechanical support to injured cardiac tissues, deliver cardio-protective molecules, and improve cell-based therapeutic techniques. Injectable hydrogels are a particularly appealing system as they hold promise as a minimally invasive therapeutic approach. Moreover, injectable acellular alginate-based hydrogels have been tested clinically in patients with myocardial infarction (MI) and show preservation of the left ventricular (LV) indices and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF)...
May 7, 2018: Macromolecular Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704967/social-anxiety-and-the-quality-of-everyday-social-interactions-the-moderating-influence-of-alcohol-consumption
#4
Fallon R Goodman, Melissa C Stiksma, Todd B Kashdan
Most research on the link between social anxiety and alcohol consumption has examined problematic outcomes without consideration of potential adaptive functions. Alcohol is an anxiolytic that has the short-term benefit of reducing anxiety; consumption may act as a social lubricant that facilitates higher quality social interactions. Using experience-sampling methodology, we examined how consuming alcohol attenuates the adverse effects of social anxiety in naturally occurring social interactions. Participants (N = 160) completed demographic and trait measures, then completed daily assessments for 14 consecutive days...
May 2018: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688073/trigeminal-schwannoma-presenting-as-a-gelastic-seizure-no-laughing-matter
#5
Ashwin Kumaria, Harshal A Ingale, Iain J A Robertson, Richard D Ashpole
We present the case of a 66 year old gentleman with trigeminal schwannoma whose only presenting feature was a single gelastic seizure. This is the first case report of pathological laughter in trigeminal schwannoma in the absence of other trigeminal, brainstem, cerebellar or other cranial nerve dysfunction.
April 24, 2018: British Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675084/two-sisters-with-angelman-syndrome-a-case-series-report
#6
Çelebi Kocaoğlu
Angelman syndrome (AS) is known as an intellectual disability related to speech impairment, ataxia and behavioral uniqueness, including a combination of frequent laughter and smiling, apparent happy demeanor, excitable personality and hypermotor behavior. In this report, we present a 5-year-old girl with AS associated with atypical clinical manifestations, including developmental dysplasia of the hip and simian line in the right hand, and her elder sister with AS. Even if any gene mutation cannot be demonstrated, it should be kept in mind that different mutations may exist in the cases that are the suggestive of clinical AS...
October 2017: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611316/the-effect-of-medical-clowns-on-performance-of-spirometry-among-preschool-aged-children
#7
Vered Nir, Vered Schichter-Konfino, Eias Kassem, Adi Klein
INTRODUCTION: Medical clowns (MCs) are known to assist in reducing pain and alleviating anxiety. The objective of this study is to evaluate the ability of MCs to assist preschoolers in performing spirometry. METHODS: A prospective, randomized controlled trial. Children aged 3-6 years participated. After a first spirometry, children were divided into two groups: the first performed a second spirometry with an MC. The second repeated spirometry with the technician...
April 2, 2018: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609921/a-comparison-of-the-cardiovascular-effects-of-simulated-and-spontaneous-laughter
#8
Mikaela M Law, Elizabeth A Broadbent, John J Sollers
OBJECTIVES: Laughter has long been regarded as beneficial for health, but the mechanisms are not clearly understood. The current study aimed to compare the acute cardiovascular effects of spontaneous and simulated laughter. DESIGN: A mixed factorial experiment was performed to examine changes in cardiovascular variables in response to experimental tasks across conditions. INTERVENTIONS: A sample of 72 participants were randomised to one of three 6 min interventions...
April 2018: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29604307/laughter-as-a-social-rejection-cue-influence-of-prior-explicit-experience-of-social-rejection-on-cardiac-signs-of-freezing
#9
Helmut K Lackner, Katharina Reiter-Scheidl, Nilüfer Aydin, Corinna M Perchtold, Elisabeth M Weiss, Ilona Papousek
The study aimed at investigating the immediate cardiac effect of the sudden perception of other people's laughter after experimentally manipulating healthy participants' proneness to experience laughter as a cue of social threat. We expected that participants would show cardiac signs of freezing (i.e., sustained heart rate deceleration immediately after perception of the laughter) after prior social rejection but not or less so after prior acceptance, due to an increased bias to perceive the ambiguous social signal as a cue of social threat and rejection after rejection had been primed...
March 28, 2018: International Journal of Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596956/individual-differences-in-infants-neural-responses-to-their-peers-cry-and-laughter
#10
Maria Magdalena Crespo-Llado, Ross E Vanderwert, Elena Geangu
Infants' ability to process others' emotional expressions is fundamental for their social development. While infants' processing of emotions expressed by faces and speech has been more extensively investigated, less is known about how infants process non-verbal vocalizations of emotions. Here, we recorded frontal N100, P200, and LPC event-related potentials (ERPs) from 8-month-old infants listening to sounds of other infants crying, laughing, and coughing. Infants' temperament was measured via parental report...
March 26, 2018: Biological Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595784/why-laughter-in-the-lab-can-help-your-science
#11
Amber Dance
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 29, 2018: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29550212/urinary-incontinence-among-adolescent-female-athletes
#12
Bridget Linehan Logan, Lynn Foster-Johnson, Eleni Zotos
BACKGROUND: A collection of studies have demonstrated that approximately one-third of female nulliparous athletes experience urinary incontinence during their athletic activities. Contributing factors of incontinence that have thus far been the focus of study include type of sport, duration and intensity of athletic activity, use of hormonal contraception, and weight. There has, as yet, been a notable underemphasis on several other factors which influence incontinence, including bowel pattern, urinary habits, and menstrual status...
February 24, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29530289/-humour-therapy-laughter-and-the-intervention-of-clowns-in-gerontology
#13
REVIEW
Anne Lelièvre, Stéphane Gérard, Sophie Hermabessière, Monique Martinez, Bruno Péran, Yves Rolland
Confronted with the growing incidence of age-related pathologies and the limits of so-called traditional medicine oriented towards the prescribing of medicines, non-pharmacological approaches have grown considerably in the geriatric community. A literature review focused on the therapeutic benefit of humour, laughter and the use of clowns on the physical and psychological health of elderly people.
March 2018: Soins. Gérontologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29505320/pseudobulbar-affect-correlates-with-mood-symptoms-in-parkinsonian-disorders-but-not-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis
#14
Neepa Patel, Hannah Combs, Michele York, Cecile Phan, Joohi Jimenez-Shahed
Pseudobulbar affect (PBA) is a syndrome of affective disturbance associated with inappropriate laughter and crying, independent of mood. PBA is common in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and increasingly recognized in Parkinson's disease (PD) and atypical parkinsonism (aP). Correlates of PBA have not been systematically studied. The purpose of this study was to determine whether cognitive and psychiatric comorbidities correlated with patient-reported symptoms of PBA by using the Center for Neurological Study-Lability Scale among patients with ALS, PD, and aP...
March 5, 2018: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29487549/relations-of-dispositions-toward-ridicule-and-histrionic-self-presentation-with-quantitative-and-qualitative-humor-creation-abilities
#15
Karl-Heinz Renner, Leonie Manthey
Previous research has shown that humor and self-presentation are linked in several ways. With regard to individual differences, it turned out that gelotophilia (the joy of being laughed at) and katagelasticism (the joy of laughing at others) are substantially associated with the histrionic self-presentation style that is characterized by performing explicit As-If-behaviors (e.g., irony, parodying others) in everyday interactions. By contrast, gelotophobia (the fear of being laughed at) shows a negative correlation with histrionic self-presentation...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29482712/bipolar-affective-disorder-in-a-patient-of-profound-deafness
#16
Usama Bin Zubair, Humza Mumtaz, Sawera Mansoor
Profound deafness is a lifelong impairment, leading to the physical disability as well as poor psychological adjustment. We herein present a mental health disorder rarely seen among the patients of profound deafness. A 16-year deaf and dumb girl, previously treated for depression, presented with unusual laughter, irritability, flight of ideas, decreased sleep, ideas of self importance, and decreased social functioning and educational performance. These problems were understood by the parents via sign language, who interpreted them to the interviewer...
March 2018: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425380/the-distinguishing-motor-features-of-cataplexy-a-study-from-video-recorded-attacks
#17
Fabio Pizza, Elena Antelmi, Stefano Vandi, Stefano Meletti, Roberto Erro, Christian R Baumann, Kailash P Bhatia, Yves Dauvilliers, Mark J Edwards, Alex Iranzo, Sebastiaan Overeem, Michele Tinazzi, Rocco Liguori, Giuseppe Plazzi
Objectives: To describe the motor pattern of cataplexy and to determine its phenomenological differences from pseudocataplexy in the differential diagnosis of episodic falls. Methods: We selected 30 video recorded cataplexy and 21 pseudocataplexy attacks in 17 and 10 patients evaluated for suspected narcolepsy and with final diagnosis of narcolepsy type 1 and conversion disorder respectively, together with self-reported attacks features, and asked expert neurologists to blindly evaluate the motor features of the attacks...
February 7, 2018: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29369975/laughter-is-the-best-medicine-teaching-to-teach-using-standardized-patients
#18
Sara K Kaylor, Haley P Strickland, Andrea F Sartain
This article describes an innovative approach to patient teaching using standardized patients, humor, and therapeutic communication. The strategy was designed for baccalaureate students enrolled in a fundamentals nursing course. Students, divided into small groups, were assigned a patient education topic to provide to the standardized patient. Student and faculty feedback indicated positive responses to this instructional strategy. Utilization of this learner-centered teaching environment to promote therapeutic communication during a complex patient-teaching scenario was found to be beneficial for novice nursing students...
January 24, 2018: Nursing Education Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273448/-pain-in-children-with-neurological-impairment-a-review-from-the-french-pediatric-neurology-society
#19
J Avez-Couturier, S Joriot, S Peudenier, D Juzeau
Management of pain is one of the major expectations of children with neurological impairment and their families. The medical literature is poor on this topic accounting for approximately 0.15 % of the publications on pain in general. The objective of the French Pediatric Neurology Society was to review the current knowledge on this topic. Bibliographic research was conducted with PubMed and RefDoc for publications between 1994 and 2014 in French or English. A total of 925 articles were retrieved and 92 were selected for review...
January 2018: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241286/-humor-in-medicine-the-art-of-leaping-over-the-shadows
#20
Barbara Wild
Humor and laughter are integral parts of human life and communication - and so of course they occur in medical contacts.Humor is defined as a personality based cognitive emotional style of processing situations, characterized by the ability to find positive aspects even in negative situations, and the ability to communicate this point of view to others and to cheer them up. Humor can support healing processes and coping with illness. Humor and jokes reduce anxiety and stress (for patients and doctors). Humorous people have a more realistic, flexible and less fearful behaviour...
December 2017: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
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