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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699684/laughter-yoga-activities-for-older-people-living-in-residential-aged-care-homes-a-feasibility-study
#1
Julie M Ellis, Ros Ben-Moshe, Karen Teshuva
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of a laughter yoga activities (LY) program for older people living in residential aged care homes (RACHs). METHODS: A 6-week LY program was implemented at three RACHs with twenty-eight residents. A pre-post design was used to measure positive and negative affect, happiness, blood pressure and pulse. RESULTS: Post-session mean scores for positive mood, and happiness were significantly higher than pre-session scores in weeks 1, 3 and 6, and the post-session mean negative mood scores were significantly lower than pre-session scores in weeks 3 and 6...
July 12, 2017: Australasian Journal on Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679569/humor-laughter-learning-and-health-a-brief-review
#2
Brandon M Savage, Heidi L Lujan, Raghavendar R Thipparthi, Stephen E DiCarlo
Human emotions, such as anxiety, depression, fear, joy, and laughter, profoundly affect psychological and physiological processes. These emotions form a set of basic, evolved functions that are shared by all humans. Laughter is part of a universal language of basic emotions that all humans recognize. Health care providers and educators may utilize the power of laughter to improve health and enhance teaching and learning. This is an important consideration because teaching is not just about content: it is also about forming relationships and strengthening human connections...
September 1, 2017: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673794/giggle-incontinence-evolution-of-concept-and-treatment
#3
REVIEW
Bridget Linehan Logan, Samantha Blais
BACKGROUND: Giggle incontinence is a sudden and involuntary episode of urinary incontinence that is provoked by an episode of laughter. Decades of case studies and small research studies have formed the basis of what is known about giggle incontinence; however, much remains unknown about this type of incontinence, leaving the recommendations for clinical management somewhat unguided. METHODS: A systematic review of 22 articles on the topic of "giggle incontinence" and related terms was conducted, including all published articles and commentaries since the term was first seen in print in 1959...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670094/humor-in-medicine-can-laughter-help-in-healing
#4
EDITORIAL
Allen B Weisse
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Proceedings of the Baylor University Medical Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644255/periodic-paralysis-and-encephalopathy-as-initial-manifestations-of-graves-disease-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#5
Theocharis Tsironis, Athanasios Tychalas, Dimitrios Kiourtidis, Jannis Kountouras, Georgia Xiromerisiou, Jobst Rudolf, Georgia Deretzi
BACKGROUND: Thyrotoxic periodic paralysis (TPP) is an uncommon complication of Graves' disease, characterized by the triad of acute hypokalemia without total body potassium deficit, episodic muscle paralysis, and thyrotoxicosis. Graves' encephalopathy is an extremely rare form of encephalopathy associated with autoimmune thyroid disease (EAATD), characterized by neuropsychiatric symptoms, increased antithyroid antibodies and cerebrospinal fluid protein concentration, nonspecific electroencephalogram abnormalities, and cortico-responsiveness...
July 2017: Neurologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605339/anti-mrsa-activity-of-fruiting-body-extracts-of-spectacular-rustgill-mushroom-gymnopilus-junonius-agaricomycetes
#6
Stephanie Barneche, Silvana Alborés, Graciela Borthagaray, María Pía Cerdeiras, Alvaro Vázquez
Despite the great advances in chemotherapeutics, infectious diseases are still one of the leading causes of death worldwide. Among some of the clinically relevant pathogens, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) ranks as one of the most difficult bacteria to treat. It is a common cause of skin, soft-tissue, and endovascular infections, as well as pneumonia, septic arthritis, endocarditis, osteomyelitis, and sepsis. The research on Basidiomycota is extensive; many species show a broad spectrum of pharmacological activities, including antimicrobial activity...
2017: International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572273/laughter-crying-and-sadness-in-als
#7
Nimish J Thakore, Erik P Pioro
BACKGROUND: Pseudobulbar affect (PBA) is prevalent in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), but there is limited information on its associations and course. OBJECTIVES: Explore prevalence, associations, course and manifestations of PBA in outpatient cohort of patients with ALS and examine its relationship to depression. METHODS: Self-reported measures of PBA and depression (Center for Neurologic Study-Lability Scale (CNS-LS) and Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9), respectively) were obtained from consecutive patients with ALS using tablet devices in waiting rooms (Knowledge Program)...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553241/assessing-dispositions-toward-ridicule-and-laughter-in-the-workplace-adapting-and-validating-the-phophikat-9-questionnaire
#8
Jennifer Hofmann, Willibald Ruch, René T Proyer, Tracey Platt, Fabian Gander
The current paper addresses the measurement of three dispositions toward ridicule and laughter; i.e., gelotophobia (the fear of being laughed at), gelotophilia (the joy of being laughed at), and katagelasticism (the joy of laughing at others). These traits explain inter-individual differences in responses to humor, laughter, and social situations related to humorous encounters. First, an ultra-short form of the PhoPhiKat-45 (Ruch and Proyer, 2009) was adapted in two independent samples (Construction Sample N = 157; Replication Sample N = 1,774)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542270/prevalence-of-cough-throughout-childhood-a-cohort-study
#9
Maja Jurca, Alban Ramette, Cristian M Dogaru, Myrofora Goutaki, Ben D Spycher, Philipp Latzin, Erol A Gaillard, Claudia E Kuehni
BACKGROUND: Cough in children is a common reason for medical consultations and affects quality of life. There are little population-based data on the epidemiology of recurrent cough in children and how this varies by age and sex, or between children with and without wheeze. We determined the prevalence of cough throughout childhood, comparing several standardised cough questions. We did this for the entire population and separately for girls and boys, and for children with and without wheeze...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536272/social-laughter-triggers-endogenous-opioid-release-in-humans
#10
Sandra Manninen, Lauri Tuominen, Robin Dunbar, Tomi Karjalainen, Jussi Hirvonen, Eveliina Arponen, Riitta Hari, Iiro P Jääskeläinen, Mikko Sams, Lauri Nummenmaa
The size of human social networks significantly exceeds the network that can be maintained by social grooming or touching in other primates. It has been proposed that endogenous opioid release following social laughter would provide a neurochemical pathway supporting long-term relationships in humans (Dunbar, 2012) yet this hypothesis currently lacks direct neurophysiological support. We used positron emission tomography (PET) and μ-opioid-receptor (MOR) specific ligand [11C]carfentanil to quantify laughter-induced endogenous opioid release in 12 healthy males...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521155/is-laughter-a-better-vocal-change-detector-than-a-growl
#11
Ana P Pinheiro, Carla Barros, Margarida Vasconcelos, Christian Obermeier, Sonja A Kotz
The capacity to predict what should happen next and to minimize any discrepancy between an expected and an actual sensory input (prediction error) is a central aspect of perception. Particularly in vocal communication, the effective prediction of an auditory input that informs the listener about the emotionality of a speaker is critical. What is currently unknown is how the perceived valence of an emotional vocalization affects the capacity to predict and detect a change in the auditory input. This question was probed in a combined event-related potential (ERP) and time-frequency analysis approach...
April 11, 2017: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494826/angelman-syndrome-identification-and-management
#12
Daniela Bonello, Francesca Camilleri, Jean Calleja-Agius
Angelman syndrome (AS) is a neurobehavioral and genetically determined condition, which affects approximately 1 in 15,000 individuals. It is caused by various genetic mutations and deletions of the maternally-inherited UBE3A gene, on the 15q11-13 chromosomal region. The UBE3A gene, which encodes E3 ubiquitin ligase, shows tissue-specific imprinting, being expressed entirely from the maternal allele.The diagnosis of AS is confirmed either by methylation test or by mutation analysis. A more severe clinical picture is linked with the deletion phenotype...
May 1, 2017: Neonatal Network: NN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473779/when-is-humiliation-more-intense-the-role-of-audience-laughter-and-threats-to-the-self
#13
Liesbeth Mann, Allard R Feddes, Anne Leiser, Bertjan Doosje, Agneta H Fischer
In personal accounts, humiliation is often reported as a very intense, painful, negative emotion. We report two scenario studies in which we explored two factors that may contribute to the intense character of humiliation: (1) unwanted, negative public exposure, and (2) a threat to central aspects of one's identity. Study 1 (N = 115) assessed emotional reactions to a public insult when an audience responded with either laughter or not and when someone from the audience offered support after the insult or no support was offered...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473701/anxious-laughter-mauron-s-renversement-and-gogol-s-overcoat
#14
Alfie Bown
Inside and outside of psychoanalysis, laughter has often been thought of as relating to anxiety, with the usual line being that laughter can be a response to anxiety or a way of dealing with it. This article argues that laughter cannot be said to eradicate or 'deal with' anxiety and that laughter is always unsettling precisely because it contains anxiety and indicates its continuing threat. The article discusses Freud and Lacan on anxiety, as well as Charles Mauron, an understudied writer whose Psychocritique du Genre Comique was the only sustained study of psychoanalysis and comedy until very recently...
May 4, 2017: American Journal of Psychoanalysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456856/exploring-trainer-and-trainee-emotional-talk-in-narratives-about-workplace-based-feedback-processes
#15
A A Dennis, M J Foy, L V Monrouxe, C E Rees
Emotion characterises learners' feedback experiences. While the failure-to-fail literature suggests that emotion may be important, little is known about the role of emotion for educators. Secondary analyses were therefore conducted on data exploring 110 trainers' and trainees' feedback experiences. Group and individual narrative interviews were conducted across three UK sites. We analysed 333 narratives for emotional talk using textual analysis: Linguistic Inquiry and Word Count. Furthermore, thematic framework analysis was conducted on the trainer narratives to explore aspects of feedback processes that are emotional...
April 29, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456088/neural-correlates-of-infants-sensitivity-to-vocal-expressions-of-peers
#16
Manuela Missana, Nicole Altvater-Mackensen, Tobias Grossmann
Responding to others' emotional expressions is an essential and early developing social skill among humans. Much research has focused on how infants process facial expressions, while much less is known about infants' processing of vocal expressions. We examined 8-month-old infants' processing of other infants' vocalizations by measuring event-related brain potentials (ERPs) to positive (infant laughter), negative (infant cries), and neutral (adult hummed speech) vocalizations. Our ERP results revealed that hearing another infant cry elicited an enhanced negativity (N200) at temporal electrodes around 200ms, whereas listening to another infant laugh resulted in an enhanced positivity (P300) at central electrodes around 300ms...
April 15, 2017: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454896/-did-you-climax-or-are-you-just-laughing-at-me-rare-phenomena-associated-with-orgasm
#17
REVIEW
Anna E Reinert, James A Simon
INTRODUCTION: The study of the human orgasm has shown a core set of physiologic and psychological symptoms experienced by most individuals. The study of normal sheds light on the abnormal and has spotlighted rare physical and psychological symptoms experienced by some individuals in association with orgasm. These phenomena are rare and, as is typical of rare phenomena, their documentation in the medical literature is largely confined to case studies. AIM: To identify peri-orgasmic phenomena, defined as unusual physical or psychological symptoms subjectively experienced by some individuals as part of the orgasm response, distinct from the usual or normal orgasm response...
April 25, 2017: Sexual Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412921/synthetic-cannabinoids-psychopharmacology-clinical-aspects-and-psy-chotic-onset
#18
Giovanni Martinotti, Rita Santacroce, Duccio Papanti, Yasmine Elgharably, Mariya Prilutskaya, Ornella Corazza
Synthetic Cannabinoids (SC) are the widest and most diffused class of Novel Psychoactive Substances. SC are chemically heterogeneous and structurally dissimilar from delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol, being full agonists of the endocannabinoid system receptors CB1 and CB2. Desired effects include euphoria, talkativeness, feelings of joy and laughter, relaxation. With respect to cannabis, SC intake may also be associated with quicker arise of the effects, shorter duration of action, and larger levels of hangover...
April 13, 2017: CNS & Neurological Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402573/humor-drawings-evoked-temporal-and-spectral-eeg-processes
#19
Regina W Y Wang, Hsien-Chu Kuo, Shang-Wen Chuang
The study aimed to explore the humor processing elicited through the manipulation of artistic drawings. Using the Comprehension-Elaboration Theory of humor as the main research background, the experiment manipulated the head portraits of celebrities based on the independent variables of facial deformation (large/small) and addition of affective features (positive/negative). A 64-channel electroencephalography was recorded in 30 participants while viewing the incongruous drawings of celebrities. The electroencephalography temporal and spectral responses were measured during the three stages of humor which included incongruity detection, incongruity comprehension and elaboration of humor...
April 11, 2017: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365608/challenges-of-dental-assisting-students-in-their-pursuit-of-academic-success
#20
Nancy Leong, Lory Laughter, Dorothy J Rowe
The aim of this study was to identify the challenges encountered by dental assisting students, especially those from underrepresented racial and ethnic groups (UREG), that affected their achieving academic success. In 2016, directors of the nine northern California dental assisting programs were contacted via email to explain the study and request an opportunity to administer the 26-item survey to their currently enrolled students. Student responses were entered into a survey research program, which tabulated the data and calculated the frequency of responses to each item...
April 2017: Journal of Dental Education
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