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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273448/-pain-in-children-with-neurological-impairment-a-review-from-the-french-pediatric-neurology-society
#1
J Avez-Couturier, S Joriot, S Peudenier, D Juzeau
Management of pain is one of the major expectations of children with neurological impairment and their families. The medical literature is poor on this topic accounting for approximately 0.15 % of the publications on pain in general. The objective of the French Pediatric Neurology Society was to review the current knowledge on this topic. Bibliographic research was conducted with PubMed and RefDoc for publications between 1994 and 2014 in French or English. A total of 925 articles were retrieved and 92 were selected for review...
December 19, 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241286/-humor-in-medicine-the-art-of-leaping-over-the-shadows
#2
Barbara Wild
Humor and laughter are integral parts of human life and communication - and so of course they occur in medical contacts.Humor is defined as a personality based cognitive emotional style of processing situations, characterized by the ability to find positive aspects even in negative situations, and the ability to communicate this point of view to others and to cheer them up. Humor can support healing processes and coping with illness. Humor and jokes reduce anxiety and stress (for patients and doctors). Humorous people have a more realistic, flexible and less fearful behaviour...
December 2017: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209264/evaluation-of-a-picture-based-test-for-the-assessment-of-gelotophobia
#3
Willibald Ruch, Tracey Platt, Richard Bruntsch, Róbert Ďurka
This study examines whether coding open answers in a picture-based test, as to the extent they reflect the fear of being laughed at (i.e., gelotophobia), demonstrates sufficient validity to construct a semi-projective test for the assessment of gelotophobia. Previous findings indicate that cartoon stimuli depicting laughter situations (i.e., in the pilot version of the Picture-Geloph; Ruch et al., 2009) on average elicit fear-typical responses in gelotophobes stronger than in non-gelotophobes. The present study aims to (a) develop a standardized scoring procedure based on a coding scheme, and (b) examine the properties of the pilot version of the Picture-Geloph in order to select the most acceptable items for a standard form of the test...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201012/telling-friend-from-foe-listeners-are-unable-to-identify-in-group-and-out-group-members-from-heard-laughter
#4
Marie Ritter, Disa A Sauter
Group membership is important for how we perceive others, but although perceivers can accurately infer group membership from facial expressions and spoken language, it is not clear whether listeners can identify in- and out-group members from non-verbal vocalizations. In the current study, we examined perceivers' ability to identify group membership from non-verbal vocalizations of laughter, testing the following predictions: (1) listeners can distinguish between laughter from different nationalities and (2) between laughter from their in-group, a close out-group, and a distant out-group, and (3) greater exposure to laughter from members of other cultural groups is associated with better performance...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198044/lifestyle-factors-and-social-ties-associated-with-the-frequency-of-laughter-after-the-great-east-japan-earthquake-fukushima-health-management-survey
#5
Mayumi Hirosaki, Tetsuya Ohira, Seiji Yasumura, Masaharu Maeda, Hirooki Yabe, Mayumi Harigane, Hideto Takahashi, Michio Murakami, Yuriko Suzuki, Hironori Nakano, Wen Zhang, Mayu Uemura, Masafumi Abe, Kenji Kamiya
PURPOSE: Although mental health problems such as depression after disasters have been reported, positive psychological factors after disasters have not been examined. Recently, the importance of positive affect to our health has been recognised. We therefore investigated the frequency of laughter and its related factors among residents of evacuation zones after the Great East Japan Earthquake of 2011. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study on 52,320 participants aged 20 years and older who were included in the Fukushima Health Management Survey in Japan's fiscal year 2012, associations of the frequency of laughter with changes in lifestyle after the disaster, such as a changed work situation, the number of family members, and the number of address changes, and other sociodemographic, psychological, and lifestyle factors were examined using logistic regression analysis...
December 2, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193663/clinical-and-genetic-characterization-of-ap4b1-associated-spg47
#6
Darius Ebrahimi-Fakhari, Chi Cheng, Kira Dies, Amelia Diplock, Danielle B Pier, Conor S Ryan, Brendan C Lanpher, Jennifer Hirst, Wendy K Chung, Mustafa Sahin, Elisabeth Rosser, Basil Darras, James T Bennett
The hereditary spastic paraplegias (HSPs) are a heterogeneous group of disorders characterized by degeneration of the corticospinal and spinocerebellar tracts leading to progressive spasticity. One subtype, spastic paraplegia type 47 (SPG47 or HSP-AP4B1), is due to bi-allelic loss-of-function mutations in the AP4B1 gene. AP4B1 is a subunit of the adapter protein complex 4 (AP-4), a heterotetrameric protein complex that regulates the transport of membrane proteins. Since 2011, 11 individuals from six families with AP4B1 mutations have been reported, nine of whom had homozygous mutations and were from consanguineous families...
November 28, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188609/-clinical-and-genetic-analysis-of-two-unrelated-patients-with-angelman-syndrome-and-novel-ube3a-mutations
#7
Huihui Xu, Xing Ji, Yan Xu, Xiaoqing Liu, Jingmin Zhang, Yingwei Chen, Bing Xiao
OBJECTIVE: To explore the genetic cause for two familial Angelman syndrome cases and correlation between the clinical phenotypes and their genetic basis. METHODS: Karyotyping analysis and microarray assay were carried out to exclude chromosome anomalies and uniparental disomy. The UBE3A gene was analyzed for potential point mutations, deletions, insertions and splice site mutations. Reverse transcription PCR was used to evaluate splicing mutation of the RNA transcripts...
December 10, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Yixue Yichuanxue Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29170594/laughter-and-the-management-of-divergent-positions-in-peer-review-interactions
#8
Joshua Raclaw, Cecilia E Ford
In this paper we focus on how participants in peer review interactions use laughter as a resource as they publicly report divergence of evaluative positions, divergence that is typical in the give and take of joint grant evaluation. Using the framework of conversation analysis, we examine the infusion of laughter and multimodal laugh-relevant practices into sequences of talk in meetings of grant reviewers deliberating on the evaluation and scoring of high-level scientific grant applications. We focus on a recurrent sequence in these meetings, what we call the score-reporting sequence, in which the assigned reviewers first announce the preliminary scores they have assigned to the grant...
May 2017: Journal of Pragmatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169302/laughter-therapy-as-an-intervention-to-promote-psychological-well-being-of-volunteer-community-care-workers-working-with-hiv-affected-families
#9
Irene Hatzipapas, Maretha J Visser, Estie Janse van Rensburg
The study explores the experiences of volunteer community care workers working with HIV-affected families, participating in laughter therapy. Laughter therapy is being used as an intervention to positively influence individuals experiencing various forms of emotional distress. Community care workers play a vital role in the support of the HIV/AIDS-infected and -affected members in communities. The nature of this type of work and their limited training contributes to high levels of secondary trauma and emotional exhaustion...
December 2017: SAHARA J: Journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS Research Alliance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162513/homeostatic-effect-of-laughter-on-diabetic-cardiovascular-complications-the-myth-turned-to-fact
#10
REVIEW
Mohamed H Noureldein, Assaad A Eid
AIMS: Laughter has been used for centuries to alleviate pain in morbid conditions. It was not until 1976 that scientists thought about laughter as a form of therapy that can modulate hormonal and immunological parameters that affect the outcome of many serious diseases. Moreover, laughter therapy was shown to be beneficial in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) by delaying the onset of many diabetic complications. Laughter is also described to influence the cardiovascular and endothelial functions and thus may protect against diabetic cardiovascular complications...
November 21, 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118084/perceptions-of-registered-dental-hygienists-in-alternative-practice-regarding-silver-diamine-fluoride
#11
Salina K Chhokar, Lory Laughter, Dorothy J Rowe
Purpose: Silver diamine fluoride (SDF) is an inexpensive, non-invasive, antimicrobial liquid used to treat carious lesions and decrease sensitivity. The purpose of this study was to assess the perceptions of registered dental hygienists in alternative practice (RDHAP) regarding the use of SDF to treat dental caries.Methods: A 16-item survey designed to evaluate RDHAP's familiarity and perceptions of SDF was electronically distributed to 222 RDHAPs practicing in the state of California. A survey research software program collected and tabulated responses, calculated response frequencies for each survey item, and determined statistical relationships among variables, using cross tabulation analysis...
August 2017: Journal of Dental Hygiene: JDH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993938/i-think-we-re-alone-now-solitary-social-behaviors-in-adolescents-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#12
Emily Zane, Kayla Neumeyer, Julia Mertens, Amanda Chugg, Ruth B Grossman
Research into emotional responsiveness in Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) has yielded mixed findings. Some studies report uniform, flat and emotionless expressions in ASD; others describe highly variable expressions that are as or even more intense than those of typically developing (TD) individuals. Variability in findings is likely due to differences in study design: some studies have examined posed (i.e., not spontaneous expressions) and others have examined spontaneous expressions in social contexts, during which individuals with ASD-by nature of the disorder-are likely to behave differently than their TD peers...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991100/laughter-induced-transient-vision-loss-in-a-patient-with-silent-sinus-syndrome
#13
Sara N Reggie, Krishna Kalyam, John B Holds, Sophia M Chung
BACKGROUND: To report a patient with silent sinus syndrome (SSS) who experienced transient ipsilateral monocular vision loss during intense laughter. METHODS: Case report. RESULTS: Our patient's transient vision loss completely resolved after maxillary sinus decompression and during 7 months of follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: Although the precise mechanism of our patient's vision loss remains undetermined, we suspect that the vascular supply to the eye and/or the optic nerve was compromised as the result of the combination of laughter (causing Valsalva maneuver and increased intrathoracic pressure) and SSS...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Neuro-ophthalmology: the Official Journal of the North American Neuro-Ophthalmology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987832/postoperative-cerebral-ischemia-due-to-hypotension-in-a-moyamoya-patient-with-autonomic-dysfunction-a-case-report
#14
Toshio Machida, Yoshinori Higuchi, Shigeki Nakano, Satoshi Ishige, Junichiro Shimada, Koichi Honma
BACKGROUND: Hypotension is a significant risk factor for the development of ischemic complication following revascularization surgery for moyamoya disease (MMD). However, it is currently unknown whether autonomic dysfunction also plays a role. CASE DESCRIPTION: Here we report a case of MMD in which hypotension due to autonomic dysfunction caused postoperative cerebral ischemia. A 30-year-old female patient with MMD had a history of transient right hemiparesis following laughter...
October 4, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966092/reduced-laughter-contagion-in-boys-at-risk-for-psychopathy
#15
Elizabeth O'Nions, César F Lima, Sophie K Scott, Ruth Roberts, Eamon J McCrory, Essi Viding
Humans are intrinsically social animals, forming enduring affiliative bonds [1]. However, a striking minority with psychopathic traits, who present with violent and antisocial behaviors, tend to value other people only insofar as they contribute to their own advancement [2, 3]. Extant research has addressed the neurocognitive processes associated with aggression in such individuals, but we know remarkably little about processes underlying their atypical social affiliation. This is surprising, given the importance of affiliation and bonding in promoting social order and reducing aggression [4, 5]...
October 9, 2017: Current Biology: CB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964655/smiles-as-multipurpose-social-signals
#16
REVIEW
Jared Martin, Magdalena Rychlowska, Adrienne Wood, Paula Niedenthal
The human smile is highly variable in both its form and the social contexts in which it is displayed. A social-functional account identifies three distinct smile expressions defined in terms of their effects on the perceiver: reward smiles reinforce desired behavior; affiliation smiles invite and maintain social bonds; and dominance smiles manage hierarchical relationships. Mathematical modeling uncovers the appearance of the smiles, and both human and Bayesian classifiers validate these distinctions. New findings link laughter to reward, affiliation, and dominance, and research suggests that these functions of smiles are recognized across cultures...
September 27, 2017: Trends in Cognitive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944500/social-cognitive-and-physiological-aspects-of-humour-perception-from-4-to-8-months-two-longitudinal-studies
#17
Gina C Mireault, Susan C Crockenberg, Keri Heilman, John E Sparrow, Kassandra Cousineau, Brady Rainville
Infants laugh by 4 months, but whether they understand humour based on social or cognitive factors is unclear. We conducted two longitudinal studies of 4-, 6-, and 8-month-olds (N = 60), and 5-, 6-, and 7-month-olds (N = 53) to pinpoint the onset of independent humour perception and determine when social and cognitive factors are most salient. Infants were shown six events in randomized repeated-measures designs: two ordinary events and two absurd iterations of those events, with parents' affect manipulated (laugh or neutral) during the latter...
September 25, 2017: British Journal of Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942367/laughter-catches-attention
#18
Ana P Pinheiro, Carla Barros, Marcelo Dias, Sonja A Kotz
In social interactions, emotionally salient and sudden changes in vocal expressions attract attention. However, only a few studies examined how emotion and attention interact in voice processing. We investigated neutral, happy (laughs) and angry (growls) vocalizations in a modified oddball task. Participants silently counted the targets in each block and rated the valence and arousal of the vocalizations. A combined event-related potential and time-frequency analysis focused on the P3 and pre-stimulus alpha power to capture attention effects in response to unexpected events...
December 2017: Biological Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934614/development-of-mother-infant-interaction-in-tickling-play-the-relationship-between-infants-ticklishness-and-social-behaviors
#19
Konomi Ishijima, Koichi Negayama
This study examined the development of mother-infant tickling interaction and the relationship between infants' ticklishness and social behaviors including infants' looking at mothers' face, mothers' narrative tickling, and mothers' laughter. Twenty-two Japanese infants aged 5 months (n=10, five girls) and 7 months (n=12, four girls) and their mothers were videotaped. Results revealed that the mothers' narrative tickling was more frequent at 7 than at 5 months and the infants' strong ticklishness showed the same tendency...
September 18, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924482/atypical-presentation-of-central-pontine-myelinolysis-in-hyperglycemia
#20
Swapna Talluri, Raghu Charumathi, Muhammad Khan, Kerri Kissell
Central pontine myelinolysis (CPM) usually occurs with rapid correction of severe chronic hyponatremia. Despite the pronounced fluctuations in serum osmolality, CPM is rarely seen in diabetics. This is a case report of CPM associated with hyperglycemia. A 45-year-old non-smoking and non-alcoholic African American male with past medical history of type 2 diabetes, hypertension, stage V chronic kidney disease and hypothyroidism presented with a two-week history of intermittent episodes of gait imbalance, slurred speech and inappropriate laughter...
2017: Endocrinology, Diabetes & Metabolism Case Reports
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