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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334713/-prevalence-and-influential-factors-of-stroke-in-jiangxi-province-in-2014
#1
W Zhou, B Zhang, X Huang, C J You, B M Zhan, R Q Yang, Y F Dong, J X Li, P Li, K Hong, Y Q Wu, Q H Wu, H Su, H H Bao, X S Cheng
Objective: To discuss the prevalence and influential factors of stroke among population in Jiangxi Province. Methods: Four cities in urban areas and four counties in rural areas were selected firstly, in which two districts or townships were selected; and then three communities or villages were chosen from each district and township, respectively, using the simple random sampling (SRS) method. Finally 15 269 subjects aging 15 years old or above, living in Jiangxi Province ≥6 months were randomly selected to participate in this survey from November 2013 to August 2014...
January 6, 2018: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334653/depletion-study-withdrawal-period-calculation-and-bioaccumulation-of-sulfamethazine-in-tilapia-oreochromis-niloticus-treated-with-medicated-feed
#2
Kátia S D Nunes, José H Vallim, Márcia R Assalin, Sonia C N Queiroz, Lourival C Paraíba, Claudio M Jonsson, Felix G R Reyes
The residue depletion of sulfamethazine (SMZ) was evaluated in tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) after 11 days of administration of medicated feed containing SMZ, at the dose of 422 mg/kg body weight (bw). The determination of SMZ in feed and tilapia fillet was carried out using the QuEChERS approach for sample preparation, and high performance liquid chromatography with diode array detector (HPLC-DAD) and ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UPLC-QToF-MS) for quantitation, respectively...
January 9, 2018: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333876/figuring-it-out-how-late-adolescent-and-young-adult-men-and-women-perceive-and-address-problems-in-sexual-functioning
#3
Lucia F O'Sullivan, Judith Wuest, E Sandra Byers
Although there are high rates of sexual problems and sexual dysfunction in adulthood (Mitchell et al., 2013), little is known about the circumstances under which problems are first experienced. A growing body of research addresses prevalence of problems in sexual functioning among adolescents and young adults, yet little is known about the meanings that young people give to these experiences or how they deal with them. We used content analysis of qualitative interviews with 53 heterosexual, sexually active Canadian adolescents (ages 18 to 21) to explore their perceptions of the sexual problems in functioning they had experienced and the strategies (if any) they used to address them over time...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333610/clinical-features-and-treatment-of-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-across-the-asia-pacific-region-the-go-asia-initiative
#4
W-K Chan, S Treeprasertsuk, K Imajo, A Nakajima, Y Seki, K Kasama, S Kakizaki, J-G Fan, M J Song, S K Yoon, Y-Y Dan, L Lesmana, K-Y Ho, K-L Goh, V W-S Wong
BACKGROUND: The Gut and Obesity Asia (GO ASIA) workgroup was formed to study the relationships between obesity and gastrointestinal diseases in the Asia Pacific region. AIM: To study factors associated with nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) and advanced fibrosis, and medical treatment of biopsy-proven nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) patients. METHODS: Retrospective study of biopsy-proven NAFLD patients from centres in the GO ASIA Workgroup...
January 14, 2018: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333379/broccoli-brassica-oleracea-reduces-oxidative-damage-to-pancreatic-tissue-and-combats-hyperglycaemia-in-diabetic-rats
#5
Sithara Suresh, Mostafa Ibrahim Waly, Mohammad Shafiur Rahman, Nejib Guizani, Mohamed Abdullah Badar Al-Kindi, Halima Khalfan Ahmed Al-Issaei, Sultan Nasser Mohd Al-Maskari, Bader Rashid Said Al-Ruqaishi, Ahmed Al-Salami
Oxidative stress plays a pivotal role in the development of diabetes and hyperglycaemia. The protective effects of natural extracts against diabetes are mainly dependent on their antioxidant and hypoglycaemic properties. Broccoli (Brassica oleracea) exerts beneficial health effects in several diseases including diabetes; however, the mechanism has not been elucidated yet. The present study was carried out to evaluate the potential hypoglycaemic and antioxidant properties of aqueous broccoli extracts (BEs) in diabetic rats...
December 2017: Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333328/learning-tree-structured-detection-cascades-for-heterogeneous-networks-of-embedded-devices
#6
Hamid Dadkhahi, Benjamin M Marlin
In this paper, we present a new approach to learning cascaded classifiers for use in computing environments that involve networks of heterogeneous and resource-constrained, low-power embedded compute and sensing nodes. We present a generalization of the classical linear detection cascade to the case of tree-structured cascades where different branches of the tree execute on different physical compute nodes in the network. Different nodes have access to different features, as well as access to potentially different computation and energy resources...
August 2017: KDD: Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331885/autonomously-hyperfunctioning-cystic-nodule-harbouring-thyroid-carcinoma-case-report-and-literature-review
#7
Maria João Lima, Virgínia Soares, Pedro Koch, Artur Silva, António Taveira-Gomes
INTRODUCTION: Hyperthyroidism is rarely associated with malignancy, but it cannot rule out thyroid cancer. Although there is published data describing this coexistence, thyroid carcinomas inside autonomously functioning nodules are uncommon. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 49-year-old woman presented with a cervical mass, unexplained weight loss and anxiousness, sweating and insomnia. On physical examination, she had a palpable left thyroid nodule. Thyroid function tests showed suppressed TSH (<0,1 uUI/mL), thyroxine 1,44 ng/dL (normal range 0,70-1,48) and triiodothyronine 4,33 pg/mL (normal range 1,71-3,71)...
January 8, 2018: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331235/antim%C3%A3-llerian-hormone-as-a-predictor-of-live-birth-following-assisted-reproduction-an-analysis-of-85-062-fresh-and-thawed-cycles-from-the-society-for-assisted-reproductive-technology-clinic-outcome-reporting-system-database-for-2012-2013
#8
Reshef Tal, David B Seifer, Ethan Wantman, Valerie Baker, Oded Tal
OBJECTIVE: To determine if serum antimüllerian hormone (AMH) is associated with and/or predictive of live birth assisted reproductive technology (ART) outcomes. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of Society for Assisted Reproductive Technology Clinic Outcome Reporting System database from 2012 to 2013. SETTING: Not applicable. PATIENT(S): A total of 69,336 (81.8%) fresh and 15,458 (18.2%) frozen embryo transfer (FET) cycles with AMH values...
January 11, 2018: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331210/to-roll-the-eyes-and-snap-a-bite-function-development-and-evolution-of-craniofacial-muscles
#9
REVIEW
Frank R Schubert, Arun J Singh, Oluwatomisin Afoyalan, Chrissa Kioussi, Susanne Dietrich
Craniofacial muscles, muscles that move the eyes, control facial expression and allow food uptake and speech, have long been regarded as a variation on the general body muscle scheme. However, evidence has accumulated that the function of head muscles, their developmental anatomy and the underlying regulatory cascades are distinct. This article reviews the key aspects of craniofacial muscle and muscle stem cell formation and discusses how this differs from the trunk programme of myogenesis; we show novel RNAseq data to support this notion...
January 10, 2018: Seminars in Cell & Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331096/promoting-physical-activity-and-improving-dietary-quality-of-singaporean-adolescents-effectiveness-of-a-school-based-fitness-and-wellness-program
#10
Claudine Loong, Latasha Leo, Danielle Goh, Pei Sin Lim, Wai Mun Loke
Limited data are available on the effectiveness of the school-based structured fitness and wellness program to influence dietary quality and physical activity levels in Singaporean adolescents. The study examined if a 20-h (over 10 weeks) school-based structured fitness and wellness module affects the diet quality indices, energy intakes, physical activity levels and the associated energy expenditures in a group of healthy, male adolescents with low diet quality and physical activity levels. Participant demography, anthropometry, dietary intake and daily physical activity were obtained at the beginning, mid-point and end of the 10-week program...
January 13, 2018: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330581/-liposuction
#11
D Schlarb
Liposuction began in the 1920s when the Parisian surgeon Charles Dujarier became interested in body shaping and fat removal. Today, it is estimated that 1,453,000 liposuctions are annually performed worldwide. In Germany, 45,000 liposuctions are performed annually. The majority of liposuctions are performed as self-pay services. The aim of this article is to outline the development of liposuction, to explain the various liposuction procedures and methods, to clarify the indications for treatment, and point out the complications and pitfalls described in the literature...
January 12, 2018: Der Hautarzt; Zeitschrift Für Dermatologie, Venerologie, und Verwandte Gebiete
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328752/literature-review-awareness-of-anaesthesia
#12
Adam Smith
A review of qualitative literature regarding awareness under general anaesthesia was undertaken, this term being defined as full consciousness during surgery with explicit recall of events. This study was designed to explore perioperative practitioner knowledge, skill base and education on the subject of awareness. It also explores the practitioner role in, looking out for and rectification, their obligations to the patient and their statutory bodies, as well as adherence to standards of conduct, performance and ethics...
September 2017: Journal of Perioperative Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328349/sexual-dimorphism-in-physical-education-students-of-equal-body-height
#13
Józef Tatarczuk, Ryszard Asienkiewicz, Artur Wandycz
The aim: This paper's aim is to assess the level of development and size of particular body parts and dimorphic differences with regard to body height. Methods: The research was carried out over the period of 1995-2010 on a 1,969-strong cohort of first-year students of physical education, aged 19-21. The following somatic features were measured: body height and weight, breadth of distal femoral epiphysis, breadth of distal brachial epiphysis, four skinfolds, arm circumference, and calf circumference. Using the results, the shares of endomorphy, mesomorphy, and ectomorphy were calculated as well as the mean values of particular features and their supplemental values and regression equations...
January 12, 2018: Anthropologischer Anzeiger; Bericht über die Biologisch-anthropologische Literatur
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328348/body-image-issues-in-lithuanian-females-before-and-during-pregnancy
#14
Janina Tutkuviene, Austeja Juskaite, Justina Katinaite, Simona Silove, Jonas Drasutis, Ruta Sargautyte, Diana Ramasauskaite, Grazina Drasutiene
There is a risk that during pregnancy a woman's changing physique might result in stronger concerns about her appearance and may lead to negative consequences both for mother and foetus. The aim of the present study was to assess women's self-esteem, body image and weight control before and during pregnancy. A cross-sectional study was carried out at the Centre of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of Vilnius University Hospital. In total, 234 pregnant women were investigated. The Self-esteem was measured by Rosenberg's scale (1965), while the attitude towards the body size - by Stunkard's figure rating scale (1983)...
January 12, 2018: Anthropologischer Anzeiger; Bericht über die Biologisch-anthropologische Literatur
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328058/behaviour-of-niobium-during-early-earth-s-differentiation-insights-from-its-local-structure-and-oxidation-state-in-silicate-melts-at-high-pressure
#15
Chrystele Sanloup, Benjamin Cochain, Charlotte de Grouchy, Konstantin Glazyrin, Zuzana Konopkova, Hanns-Peter Liermann, Innokenty Kantor, Raffaella Torchio, O Mathon, Tetsuo Irifune
Niobium (Nb) is one of the key trace elements used to understand Earth's formation and differentiation, and is remarkable for its deficiency relative to tantalum in terrestrial rocks compared to the building chondritic blocks. In this context, the local environment of Nb in silica-rich melts and glasses is studied by in situ X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) at high pressure (P) up to 9.3 GPa and 1350 K using resistive-heating diamond-anvil cells. Nb is slightly less oxidized in the melt (intermediate valence between +4 and +5) than in the glass (+5), an effect evidenced from the shift of the Nb-edge towards lower energies...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter: An Institute of Physics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328033/-elemental-status-of-patients-with-various-forms-of-vitiligo
#16
N I Tsiskarishvili, A Katsitadze, N V Tsiskarishvili, I Charischarishvili
Vitiligo is a multifactorial disease in which, in each specific case of its manifestation, different mechanisms of its pathogenesis and different levels of melanin formation in the skin can be involved. Skin is one of the most metabolically active organs. Carrying out a number of vital functions (barrier, protective, respiratory, excretory, metabolic, immune, etc.), it needs microelementss. Of the 92 naturally occurring chemical elements, 81 are found in the human body. Lack of the vital elements, leads to the emergence of diseases, which are based on deficiency, excess or imbalance of micro- and macroelements in the body...
December 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327478/interventions-to-improve-working-conditions-of-nursing-staff-in-acute-care-hospitals-scoping-review
#17
Sergio Barrientos-Trigo, Laura Vega-Vázquez, Rocío De Diego-Cordero, Bárbara Badanta-Romero, Ana M Porcel-Gálvez
AIM: To conduct a scoping review to examine and map the interventions proposed for the improvement of the working conditions of nursing staff in acute care hospitals. BACKGROUND: The Registered Nurse Forecasting (RN4CAST) project and other studies have determined the impact that the nursing staff has on the quality of care. The nursing staff's higher levels of burnout, job dissatisfaction and negative perception of the quality of care provided caused worse health outcomes...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Nursing Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327184/efficacy-of-forced-air-warming-to-prevent-perioperative-hypothermia-in-morbidly-obese-versus-non-obese-patients
#18
Raphael Okoué, Daniela Calabrese, Pascal Nzé, Simon Msika, Hawa Keita
BACKGROUND: Hypothermia is associated with an increased postoperative morbidity and mortality. Forced-air warming systems are the most effective methods for its prevention. When using a mattress, a reduction in the area of diffusion of warm air by crushing due to excess weight cannot be ruled out. METHODS: We designed a prospective study to compare the efficacy of a forced-air warming mattress (Bair Hugger® 585) to prevent hypothermia (core temperature (CT°) < 36 °C) in morbidly obese (group MO, body mass index (BMI) ≥ 40 kg/m2) and non-obese patients (group NO, BMI < 30 kg/m2)...
January 11, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326098/cognitive-and-behavioral-skills-exercises-completed-by-patients-with-major-depression-during-smartphone-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-secondary-analysis-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Toshi A Furukawa, Masaru Horikoshi, Hirokazu Fujita, Naohisa Tsujino, Ran Jinnin, Yuki Kako, Sei Ogawa, Hirotoshi Sato, Nobuki Kitagawa, Yoshihiro Shinagawa, Yoshio Ikeda, Hissei Imai, Aran Tajika, Yusuke Ogawa, Tatsuo Akechi, Mitsuhiko Yamada, Shinji Shimodera, Norio Watanabe, Masatoshi Inagaki, Akio Hasegawa
BACKGROUND: A strong and growing body of evidence has demonstrated the effectiveness of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), either face-to-face, in person, or as self-help via the Internet, for depression. However, CBT is a complex intervention consisting of several putatively effective components, and how each component may or may not contribute to the overall effectiveness of CBT is poorly understood. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate how the users of smartphone CBT use and benefit from various components of the program...
January 11, 2018: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325877/dmcatd-a-cathepsin-d-like-peptidase-of-the-hematophagous-insect-dipetalogaster-maxima-hemiptera-reduviidae-purification-bioinformatic-analyses-and-the-significance-of-its-interaction-with-lipophorin-in-the-internalization-by-developing-oocytes
#20
Jimena Leyria, Leonardo L Fruttero, Rodrigo Ligabue-Braun, Marina S Defferrari, Estela L Arrese, José L Soulages, Beatriz P Settembrini, Celia R Carlini, Lilián E Canavoso
DmCatD, a cathepsin D-like peptidase of the hematophagous insect Dipetalogaster maxima, is synthesized by the fat body and the ovary and functions as yolk protein precursor. Functionally, DmCatD is involved in vitellin proteolysis. In this work, we purified and sequenced DmCatD, performed bioinformatic analyses and investigated the events involved in its targeting and storage in developing oocytes. By ion exchange and gel filtration chromatography, DmCatD was purified from egg homogenates and its identity was confirmed by mass spectrometry...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Insect Physiology
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