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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742873/orienting-towards-social-features-in-naturalistic-scenes-is-reflexive
#1
Lara Rösler, Albert End, Matthias Gamer
Saliency-based models of visual attention postulate that, when a scene is freely viewed, attention is predominantly allocated to those elements that stand out in terms of their physical properties. However, eye-tracking studies have shown that saliency models fail to predict gaze behavior accurately when social information is included in an image. Notably, gaze pattern analyses revealed that depictions of human beings are heavily prioritized independent of their low-level physical saliency. What remains unknown, however, is whether the prioritization of such social features is a reflexive or a voluntary process...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742505/effects-of-a-hops-humulus-lupulus-l-dry-extract-supplement-on-self-reported-depression-anxiety-and-stress-levels-in-apparently-healthy-young-adults-a-randomized-placebo-controlled-double-blind-crossover-pilot-study
#2
Ioannis Kyrou, Aimilia Christou, Demosthenes Panagiotakos, Charikleia Stefanaki, Katerina Skenderi, Konstantina Katsana, Constantine Tsigos
OBJECTIVE: The Humulus lupulus L. plant (hops) is used as a herbal medicinal product for anxiety/mood disorders. Our aim was to study the effects of a hops dry extract on self-reported depression, anxiety and stress levels in young adults. DESIGN: Apparently healthy young adults from our university completed the Depression Anxiety Stress Scale-21 (DASS-21) and those reporting at least mild depression, anxiety and stress were invited to complete the study intervention...
April 2017: Hormones: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742099/variants-of-acan-are-associated-with-severity-of-lumbar-disc-herniation-in-patients-with-chronic-low-back-pain
#3
Romain Shanil Perera, Poruwalage Harsha Dissanayake, Upul Senarath, Lalith Sirimevan Wijayaratne, Aranjan Lional Karunanayake, Vajira Harshadeva Weerabaddana Dissanayake
INTRODUCTION: Disc herniation is a complex spinal disorder associated with disability and high healthcare cost. Lumbar disc herniation is strongly associated with disc degeneration. Candidate genes of the aggrecan metabolic pathway may associate with the severity of lumbar disc herniation. OBJECTIVES: This study evaluated the association of single nucleotide variants (SNVs) of the candidate genes of the aggrecan metabolic pathway with the severity of lumbar disc herniation in patients with chronic mechanical low back pain...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742046/a-fast-algorithm-for-analysis-of-molecular-communication-in-artificial-synapse
#4
Bilgesu A Bilgin, Ozgur B Akan
In this paper we analyse molecular communications (MC) in a proposed artificial synapse (AS), whose main difference from biological synapses (BSs) is that it is closed, i.e., transmitter molecules cannot diffuse out from AS. Such a setup has both advantages and disadvantages. Besides higher structural stability, being closed, AS never runs out of transmitters. Thus, MC in AS is disconnected from outer environment, which is very desirable for possible intra-body applications. On the other hand, clearance of transmitters from AS has to be achieved by transporter molecules on the presynaptic membrane of AS...
July 21, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Nanobioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742013/first-canadian-experience-with-donation-after-cardiac-death-simultaneous-pancreas-and-kidney-transplants
#5
Patrick T Anderson, Shahid Aquil, Kelly McLean, Vivian C McAlister, Alp Sener, Patrick P Luke
BACKGROUND: Compared with neurologic determination of death (NDD) donor organs, donation after cardiac death (DCD) donor organs have traditionally been considered of inferior quality owing to warm ischemia experienced during procurement. We present, to our knowledge, the first analysis of simultaneous pancreas and kidney (SPK) transplants using DCD donor organs in Canada. METHODS: We carried out a retrospective cohort study of SPK transplants from 13 DCD and 68 NDD donors performed between October 2008 and July 2016...
August 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Surgery. Journal Canadien de Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741668/pharmacokinetics-of-deflazacort-in-rabbits-after-intravenous-and-oral-administration-and-its-interaction-with-erythromycin
#6
A I Escudero, P Marín, C M Cárceles, E Escudero
The pharmacokinetic of deflazacort after intravenous and oral administration and the effect of erythromycin on the disposition of deflazacort in rabbits were investigated. A parallel study was carried out in twelve rabbits. The plasma concentration-time profiles of deflazacort were determined after intravenous and oral administration of single dosages of 5 mg/kg in the presence and absence (baseline) of multiple dose erythromycin regimens. Plasma concentrations of 21-desacetyldeflazacort were determined by HPLC...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739249/intraperitoneal-pressure-in-peritoneal-dialysis
#7
Vicente Pérez Díaz, Sandra Sanz Ballesteros, Esther Hernández García, Elena Descalzo Casado, Irene Herguedas Callejo, Cristina Ferrer Perales
The measure of intraperitoneal pressure in peritoneal dialysis is easy and provides clear therapeutic benefits. However it is measured only rarely in adult peritoneal dialysis units. This review aims to disseminate the usefulness of measuring intraperitoneal pressure. This measurement is performed in supine before initiating the drain of a manual exchange with "Y" system, by raising the drain bag and measuring from the mid-axillary line the height of the liquid column that rises from the patient. With typical values of 10-16 cmH2O, intraperitoneal pressure should never exceed 18 cmH2O...
July 21, 2017: Nefrología: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739051/effectiveness-of-nutritional-and-exercise-interventions-to-improve-body-composition-and-muscle-strength-or-function-in-sarcopenic-obese-older-adults-a-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
Christos Theodorakopoulos, Jacklyn Jones, Elaine Bannerman, Carolyn A Greig
Although sarcopenic obesity (SO) poses a major public health concern, a robust approach for the optimization of body composition and strength/function in SO has not yet been established. The purpose of this systematic review was to assess the effectiveness of nutritional (focusing on energy and protein modulation) and exercise interventions, either individually or combined, on body composition and strength/function in older adults with SO. MEDLINE, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, CINAHL and SPORTDiscus were searched...
July 2017: Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739020/a-multimodal-approach-for-myofascial-pain-syndrome-a-prospective-study
#9
María Segura-Pérez, M Teresa Hernández-Criado, César Calvo-Lobo, Lorena Vega-Piris, Raquel Fernández-Martín, David Rodríguez-Sanz
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to analyze pain intensity in patients with myofascial pain syndrome (MPS) following a multimodal rehabilitation protocol. METHODS: A prospective study was carried out following the Template for Intervention Description and Replication criteria. Patients were recruited from the rehabilitation unit of a university hospital in Spain between 2009 and 2013. Patients were included if they had a medical diagnosis of MPS in any of the following regions: cervicobrachial (n = 102), lumbosacral (n = 30), elbow (n = 14), ankle and foot (n = 10), and temporomandibular jaw (n = 1)...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738669/evaluation-of-the-effectiveness-of-a-transfer-interhemispheric-training-programme-in-the-early-stages-of-fencing-training
#10
Mateusz Witkowski, Michał Bronikowski, Agnieszka Nowik, Maciej Tomczak, Jan Strugarek
BACKGROUND: A high level of motor coordination (with an emphasis on the accuracy of hand movements) is an important part of fencers' training. Research on motor coordination shows that both hemispheres of the brain are involved in controlling the action of each of the upper limbs. As the physical training of one hand is believed to significantly increase the performance of the other (untrained) hand [14], the authors attempt to verify the hypothesis that specialized training of the nondominant limb can improve the performance of the dominant hand in fencing...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738617/flexible-immunosensor-for-the-detection-of-salivary-%C3%AE-amylase-in-body-fluids
#11
Bartolomeo Della Ventura, Nikola Sakač, Riccardo Funari, Raffaele Velotta
The development of a portable testing device for detecting Human Salivary α-Amylase (HSA) is very timely since such an enzyme is a valuable biomarker for diagnosing many diseases and monitoring the human stress. We show that an easy-to-use and robust device like the Quartz-Crystal Microbalance (QCM) can be a suitable platform for HSA sensing with a limit of detection of 1µg/mL (77 U/L). The functionalization of the gold surface is realized by the Photochemical Immobilization Technique (PIT), a powerful and simple method based on an appropriate UV-activation of antibodies...
November 1, 2017: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738294/oral-mucosa-dose-parameters-predicting-grade-%C3%A2-3-acute-toxicity-in-locally-advanced-nasopharyngeal-carcinoma-patients-treated-with-concurrent-intensity-modulated-radiation-therapy-and-chemotherapy-an-independent-validation-study-comparing-oral-cavity-versus
#12
Kaixin Li, Ling Yang, Qiang-Ying Hu, Xiao-Zhong Chen, Ming Chen, Yuanyuan Chen
PURPOSE: To determine whether volumes based on the contours of the mucosal surface instead of the oral cavity can be used to predict grade ≥3 acute oral mucosa toxicity in patients with locally advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma (LANPC) treated with concurrent intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) and chemotherapy. METHODS AND MATERIALS: A standardized method for the oral cavity (oral cavity contours, OCC) and a novel method for the mucosal surface (mucosal surface contours, MSC) were developed for the oral mucosa and prospectively applied to the radiation treatment plans of 92 patients treated with concurrent IMRT and chemotherapy for LANPC...
July 21, 2017: Translational Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737859/association-between-dietary-glycemic-load-and-metabolic-syndrome-in-obese-children-and-adolescents
#13
Angela Cornejo-Monthedoro, Isel Negreiros-Sánchez, Carlos Del Águila, Marlit Ysla-Marquillo, Percy Mayta-Tristán
OBJETIVE: To study the association between the metabolic syndrome (MS) and the glycemic load (GL) of food intake among obese children and adolescents seen in consultation by the endocrinology team in a pediatric referral hospital in Lima, Peru. POPULATION AND METHOD: Cross-sectional study among obese children and adolescents (body mass index ≥ 95 percentile), 10-15 years old. The MS was classified according to criteria of the International Diabetes Federation...
August 1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737806/whole-blood-fe-isotopic-signature-in-a-sub-saharan-african-population
#14
Justin C Cikomola, María R Flórez, Marta Costas-Rodríguez, Yulia Anoshkina, Karl Vandepoele, Philippe B Katchunga, Antoine S Kishabongo, Marijn M Speeckaert, Frank Vanhaecke, Joris R Delanghe
The Fe isotopic composition of an individual's whole blood has recently been shown to be an interesting clinical indicator of Fe status. The present study aimed to evaluate the influence of several endemic characteristics of a representative population of the South Kivu province, an Fe-rich volcanic African region, on the whole blood Fe isotopic composition. Both diabetes mellitus and the ferroportin Q248H mutation are very common in Africa and are strongly associated with impairments in Fe metabolism. Fe isotopic analysis of whole blood samples was carried out using multi-collector inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (after chromatographic isolation of the target element)...
July 24, 2017: Metallomics: Integrated Biometal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737072/the-effect-of-metatarsal-padding-on-pain-and-functional-ability-in-metatarsalgia
#15
K Männikkö, J Sahlman
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Many kinds of insoles and pads are commonly used as a conservative treatment of metatarsalgia. However, earlier studies of insole treatment provide contradictory results, and the natural progression of metatarsalgia is still unknown. The aims of this study were to (1) determine whether simple custom-made metatarsal pad insoles reduce pain and improve functional ability, (2) find out patients' satisfaction with padding treatment, and (3) investigate predisposing factors for metatarsalgia...
March 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Surgery: SJS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737067/confirmed-and-suspected-foreign-body-injuries-in-children-during-2008-2013-a-hospital-based-single-center-study-in-oulu-university-hospital
#16
J-J Sinikumpu, W Serlo
INTRODUCTION: Foreign body injuries are common in children. Most of them are not serious but they can be fatal. A suspected foreign body injury in a child results in a high rate of hospitalizations, exposure to radiation, and need for intervention. This study aimed to analyze the current epidemiology of in-hospital or out of hospital treated foreign object injuries and suspected foreign body injuries in children. MATERIAL AND METHODS: All children <16 years of age (N = 152) who suffered or were suspected to suffer (N = 63) from a foreign body injury and were treated in a pediatric trauma unit of Oulu University Hospital, Oulu, Finland, over a 6-year study period (2008-2013) were included...
March 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Surgery: SJS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736922/effect-of-implantoplasty-on-fracture-resistance-and-surface-roughness-of-standard-diameter-dental-implants
#17
Xavier Costa-Berenguer, Marta García-García, Alba Sánchez-Torres, Mariano Sanz-Alonso, Rui Figueiredo, Eduard Valmaseda-Castellón
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of implantoplasty on the fracture resistance, surface roughness, and macroscopic morphology of standard diameter (4.1 mm) external connection dental implants. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An in vitro study was conducted in 20 screw-shaped titanium dental implants with an external connection. In 10 implants, the threads and surface were removed and polished with high-speed burs (implantoplasty), while the remaining 10 implants were used as controls...
July 23, 2017: Clinical Oral Implants Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736229/survival-of-patients-with-cutaneous-squamous-cell-carcinoma-results-of-a-prospective-cohort-study
#18
Thomas K Eigentler, Ulrike Leiter, Hans-Martin Häfner, Claus Garbe, Martin Röcken, Helmut Breuninger
Cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (cSCC) is an increasing health burden in Caucasian populations. We prospectively assessed risk factors for tumour-specific and overall survival in 1434 patients who underwent surgery for cSCC between Jan 24, 2005, and May 29, 2015. A total of 2149 invasive cSCCs were analysed. Univariate and multivariate survival analyses included tumour thickness, horizontal size, body site, histological differentiation, desmoplastic growth, history of multiple cSCC, and immunosuppression...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Investigative Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736154/retinoic-acid-induces-differentiation-of-buffalo-bubalus-bubalis-embryonic-stem-cells-into-germ-cells
#19
Syed Mohmad Shah, Suresh Kumar Singla, Prabhat Palta, Radhey Sham Manik, Manmohan Singh Chauhan
Development of precise and reproducible culture system for in vitro differentiation of embryonic stem (ES) cells into germ cells counts as a major leap forward for understanding not only the remarkable process of gametogenesis, otherwise obscured by limited availability of precursor primordial germ cells (PGCs), but in finally treating the catastrophic infertility. Taking into account the significant role of retinoic acid (RA) during in vivo gametogenesis, we designed the present study to investigate the effects of its stimulation on directing the differentiation of ES cells into germ cells...
July 19, 2017: Gene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736068/gastrointestinal-stromal-tumour-and-second-tumours-a-literature-review
#20
REVIEW
Rafael Núñez-Martín, Ricardo Cubedo Cervera, Mariano Provencio Pulla
There are several tumours associated with gastrointestinal stromal tumour (GIST), most of them without an apparent family relationship; only 5% of them occur within the context of a family syndrome. In this article the corresponding literature about the former has been reviewed. A search in Pubmed was carried out, the methodology of which is described in detail in the body of the article. A total of 88 articles have been chosen for the review, next to the application of limits as well as a manual review. GIST patients have a twofold risk of developing a second tumour than the general population (4-33% of them develop a second neoplasm, either synchronic or metachronic)...
July 20, 2017: Medicina Clínica
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