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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922875/stent-placement-for-disabling-pulsatile-tinnitus-caused-by-a-lateral-sinus-stenosis-a-retrospective-study
#1
Stéphanie Lenck, Marc-Antoine Labeyrie, Fabrice Vallee, Jean-Pierre Saint-Maurice, Antoine Guillonnet, Anne-Laure Bernat, Pierre Vironneau, Emmanuel Houdart
BACKGROUND: Lateral sinus stenosis is a little-known cause for pulsatile tinnitus (PT). In several small series, stenting has been described as an effective treatment for disabling PT linked with this type of stenosis. OBJECTIVES: To describe the clinical, radiological, and manometric characteristics of patients treated for disabling PT by lateral sinus stenosis. Assessment of the efficacy of stenting for this indication. METHODS: Retrospective study of patients treated for isolated PT by stenting of a lateral sinus stenosis in our institution, between 2009 and 2015...
October 1, 2017: Operative Neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922521/molecular-and-morphological-characterization-of-anncaliia-azovica-sp-n-microsporidia-infecting-niphargogammarus-intermedius-crustacea-amphipoda-from-the-azov-sea
#2
Yuri S Tokarev, Yuliya Y Sokolova, Aleksandra A Vasilieva, Irma V Issi
Five out of one hundred adults of Niphargogammarus intermedius caught at the Azov sea shore were found to be infected with microsporidia. The infection was found in the subcuticular fat body and myocytes. Parasites developed in direct contact with host cells, displayed a disporoblastic sporogony and diplokaryotic arrangement of nuclei at all stages. Spores were oval, 4.6-5.8x2.6-3.0 μm. Exospore appendages, vesicular-tubular secretions and the anisofilar polar filament indicated a similarity to Anncaliia species...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922494/magnetic-nanotransducers-in-biomedicine
#3
Agostina Grillone, Gianni Ciofani
Owing to their abilities to identify diseased conditions, to modulate biological process, and to control cellular activities, magnetic nanoparticles have become one of the most popular nanomaterials exploited in the biomedical field. Targeted drug delivery, controlled drug release, hyperthermia treatments, imaging, and stimulation of several biological entities are just some of the several tasks that can be accomplished by taking advantage of magnetic nanoparticles in tandem with magnetic fields. The huge interest towards this class of nanomaterials rises from the possibility to physically drive their spatiotemporal localization inside the body, and to deliver an externally applied stimulation at a target site...
September 18, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922389/comprehensive-metabolic-characterization-of-serum-osteocalcin-action-in-a-large-non-diabetic-sample
#4
Lukas Entenmann, Maik Pietzner, Anna Artati, Anke Hannemann, Ann-Kristin Henning, Gabi Kastenmüller, Henry Völzke, Matthias Nauck, Jerzy Adamski, Henri Wallaschofski, Nele Friedrich
Recent research suggested a metabolic implication of osteocalcin (OCN) in e.g. insulin sensitivity or steroid production. We used an untargeted metabolomics approach by analyzing plasma and urine samples of 931 participants using mass spectrometry to reveal further metabolic actions of OCN. Several detected relations between OCN and metabolites were strongly linked to renal function, however, a number of associations remained significant after adjustment for renal function. Intermediates of proline catabolism were associated with OCN reflecting the implication in bone metabolism...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922039/teaching-and-learning-activities-to-educate-nursing-students-for-interprofessional-collaboration-a-scoping-review
#5
Natalie L Murdoch, Sheila Epp, Jeanette Vinek
To prepare new graduates with the knowledge, skills, and attitudes to engage in effective interprofessional collaboration (IPC) in practice, healthcare professional programmes need to ensure their curriculum provides opportunities for interprofessional education (IPE) and IPC. To strengthen IPE within an undergraduate curriculum and meet the professional requirements set out by regulatory bodies to prepare new graduate nurses to achieve IPC competencies, a curriculum initiative was developed to expand IPE across the four years of the Baccalaureate of Science in Nursing (BSN) programme...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921912/fate-of-worn-out-functional-teeth-in-the-upper-jaw-dentition-of-sicyopterus-japonicus-gobioidei-sicydiinae-during-tooth-replacement
#6
Noriyuki Sahara, Keita Moriyama, Midori Iida, Shun Watanabe
Mochizuki and Fukui (1983) studied the development and replacement of the upper jaw teeth in a Japanese fish species, Sicyopterus japonicus (Gobioidei: Sicydiinae), and they reported that worn-out functional teeth in the upper jaw were not shed outside the skin but were taken into the soft tissue of the upper jaw and completely resorbed there. To date, however, this phenomenon appears poorly documented. Furthermore, the mechanism for the resorption of these teeth remains to be determined. In the present study, we examined this phenomenon by using 3D micro-computed tomography (m-CT), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and various techniques of light (LM) and electron (EM) microcopy...
September 16, 2017: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921699/morphological-determinants-of-carrier-frequency-signal-in-katydids-orthoptera-a-comparative-analysis-using-biophysical-evidence
#7
Fernando Montealegre-Z, Jessica Ogden, Thorin Jonsson, Carl D Soulsbury
Male katydids produce mating calls by stridulation using specialized structures on the forewings. The right wing (RW) bears a scraper connected to a drum-like cell known as the mirror and a left wing (LW) that overlaps the RW and bears a serrated vein on the ventral side, the stridulatory file. Sound is generated with the scraper sweeping across the file, producing vibrations that are amplified by the mirror. Using this sound generator, katydids exploit a range of song carrier frequencies (CF) unsurpassed by any other insect group, with species singing as low as 600 Hz and others as high as 150 kHz...
September 16, 2017: Journal of Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921528/practitioner-review-treatment-of-chronic-insomnia-in-children-and-adolescents-with-neurodevelopmental-disabilities
#8
REVIEW
Oliviero Bruni, Marco Angriman, Fabrizio Calisti, Alessandro Comandini, Giovanna Esposito, Samuele Cortese, Raffaele Ferri
BACKGROUND: Sleep disturbances, in particular insomnia, represent a common problem in children with neurodevelopmental disabilities (NDDs). Currently, there are no approved medications for insomnia in children by the US Food and Drug Administration or European Medicines Agency and therefore they are prescribed off-label. We critically reviewed pediatric literature on drugs as well as nonpharmacological (behavioral) interventions used for sleep disturbances in children with NDDs. METHODS: PubMed, Ovid (including PsycINFO, Ovid MEDLINE(®) , and Embase), and Web of Knowledge databases were searched through February 12, 2017, with no language restrictions...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920588/%C3%AE-%C3%AE-t-cells-in-homeostasis-and-host-defence-of-epithelial-barrier-tissues
#9
REVIEW
Morten M Nielsen, Deborah A Witherden, Wendy L Havran
Epithelial surfaces line the body and provide a crucial interface between the body and the external environment. Tissue-resident epithelial γδ T cells represent a major T cell population in the epithelial tissues and are ideally positioned to carry out barrier surveillance and aid in tissue homeostasis and repair. In this Review, we focus on the intraepithelial γδ T cell compartment of the two largest epithelial tissues in the body - namely, the epidermis and the intestine - and provide a comprehensive overview of the crucial contributions of intraepithelial γδ T cells to tissue integrity and repair, host homeostasis and protection in the context of the symbiotic relationship with the microbiome and during pathogen clearance...
September 18, 2017: Nature Reviews. Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920057/amine-metabolism-is-influenced-by-dietary-protein-source
#10
Soumya K Kar, Alfons J M Jansman, Dirkjan Schokker, Leo Kruijt, Amy C Harms, Jerry M Wells, Mari A Smits
Growth in world population will inevitably leads to increased demand for protein for humans and animals. Protein from insects and blood plasma are being considered as possible alternatives, but more research on their nutritional quality and health effects is needed. Here, we studied the effect of dietary protein source on metabolism and metabolic amine profiles in serum and urine of mice. Groups of mice were fed semi-purified diets containing 300 g/kg of soybean meal, casein, partially delactosed whey powder, spray-dried plasma protein, wheat gluten meal, and yellow mealworm...
2017: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919917/anxiety-but-not-depression-is-associated-with-metabolic-syndrome-the-isfahan-healthy-heart-program
#11
Hamed Akbari, Nizal Sarrafzadegan, Hamid Aria, Alireza Gholami Garaei, Habib Zakeri
BACKGROUND: Only a few studies have carried out to evaluate the association of depression and anxiety with metabolic syndrome (MetS). The aim of this study was to investigate whether the depression and anxiety are associated with MetS and its different components. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study forms part of the prospective Isfahan Cohort Study. A total of 470 participants were chosen. Anxiety and depression symptoms were measured using hospital anxiety and depression scale (HADS)...
2017: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919599/clinico-biochemical-profile-of-women-with-hyperemesis-gravidarum-admitted-in-a-tertiary-hospital
#12
S Kabir, M S Basher, H Akhter, T Latif, S N Akhter, R K Karmoker, S A Shaon, K Ahmed
Hyperemesis gravidarum is the most severe form of nausea and vomiting in pregnancy with poor pregnancy outcome. Hormonal changes, psychological and immunological factors are attributed to the condition. Recently, prevalence of Helicobacter pylori among women with Hyperemesis gravidarum has been revealed. A descriptive, cross-sectional study was carried out at antenatal ward, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Mymensingh Medical College Hospital, Mymensingh among thirty-six purposively selected patients with Hyperemesis gravidarum to assess the clinic-biochemical profile...
July 2017: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919591/the-establishment-and-operation-of-longjing-medical-college-the-history-of-longjing-medical-college-as-frontier-history-focusing-on-its-disconnection-and-continuity
#13
Mira Moon, Young-Jeon Shin
Longjing Medial College, established in Longjing, Yanbian, China on September 12, 1945, existed for about 1 year and 6 months until it was renamed as the Medical Department of Dongbei Junzheng Daxue Jilin Fenxiao in April 1947. However, there are only few records and studies on Longjing Medical College in Yanbian as well as in Korea. In order to fill the gap, this study attempted to restore the history of Longjing Medical College built in Yanbian, China immediately after the liberation. In particular, it analyzed how and why the Longjing Medical College was founded and operated, and which relations the college had with the post-war medical educational institutions, focusing on the 'disconnection' and 'continuity' in the historical sense...
August 2017: Ŭi Sahak
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919515/trace-amine-associated-receptor-1-regulation-of-methamphetamine-induced-neurotoxicity
#14
Nicholas B Miner, Josh S Elmore, Michael H Baumann, Tamara J Phillips, Aaron Janowsky
Trace amine-associated receptor 1 (TAAR1) is activated by methamphetamine (MA) and modulates dopaminergic (DA) function. Although DA dysregulation is the hallmark of MA-induced neurotoxicity leading to behavioral and cognitive deficits, the intermediary role of TAAR1 has yet to be characterized. To investigate TAAR1 regulation of MA-induced neurotoxicity, Taar1 transgenic knock-out (KO) and wildtype (WT) mice were administered saline or a neurotoxic regimen of 4 i.p. injections, 2hr apart, of MA (2.5, 5, or 10mg/kg)...
September 14, 2017: Neurotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918882/genome-wide-associations-related-to-hepatic-histology-in-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-in-hispanic-boys
#15
Julia Wattacheril, Joel E Lavine, Naga P Chalasani, Xiuqing Guo, Soonil Kwon, Jeffrey Schwimmer, Jean P Molleston, Rohit Loomba, Elizabeth M Brunt, Yii-Der Ida Chen, Mark O Goodarzi, Kent D Taylor, Katherine P Yates, James Tonascia, Jerome I Rotter
OBJECTIVE: To identify genetic loci associated with features of histologic severity of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease in a cohort of Hispanic boys. STUDY DESIGN: There were 234 eligible Hispanic boys age 2-17 years with clinical, laboratory, and histologic data enrolled in the Nonalcoholic Steatohepatitis Clinical Research Network included in the analysis of 624 297 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). After the elimination of 4 outliers and 22 boys with cryptic relatedness, association analyses were performed on 208 DNA samples with corresponding liver histology...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918193/psychedelic-pleasures-an-affective-understanding-of-the-joys-of-tripping
#16
Frederik Bøhling
BACKGROUND: This paper considers the pleasures of psychedelic drugs and proposes a Deleuzian understanding of drugged pleasures as affects. In spite of a large body of work on psychedelics, not least on their therapeutic potentials, the literature is almost completely devoid of discussions of the recreational practices and pleasures of entheogenic drugs. Yet, most people do not use psychedelics because of their curative powers, but because they are fun and enjoyable ways to alter the experience of reality...
September 13, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918171/the-association-between-delirium-and-sarcopenia-in-older-adult-patients-admitted-to-acute-geriatrics-units-results-from-the-glisten-multicenter-observational-study
#17
Giuseppe Bellelli, Antonella Zambon, Stefano Volpato, Pasquale Abete, Lara Bianchi, Mario Bo, Antonio Cherubini, Francesco Corica, Mauro Di Bari, Marcello Maggio, Giovanna Maria Manca, Maria Rosaria Rizzo, Andrea Rossi, Francesco Landi
BACKGROUND & AIMS: To date, studies assessing the relationship between sarcopenia and delirium, two of the most common geriatric syndromes, are lacking. We sought to explore this association by investigating the co-occurrence of these two conditions and the independent association between them in a population of hospitalized older adults. METHODS: Cross-sectional multicenter analysis of older adults consecutively admitted to 12 acute geriatric units (AGUs). Sarcopenia was assessed upon admission by evaluating the presence of low skeletal mass index (kg/m(2)), and either low handgrip strength or low walking speed (European Working Group on Sarcopenia in Older People, EWGSOP criteria)...
September 5, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918168/adherence-to-a-mediterranean-diet-is-associated-with-lower-incidence-of-frailty-a-longitudinal-cohort-study
#18
Nicola Veronese, Brendon Stubbs, Marianna Noale, Marco Solmi, Renè Rizzoli, Alberto Vaona, Jacopo Demurtas, Gaetano Crepaldi, Stefania Maggi
BACKGROUND & AIMS: There is a paucity of data investigating the relationship between the Mediterranean diet and frailty, with no data among North American people. We aimed to investigate if adherence to a Mediterranean diet is associated with a lower incidence of frailty in a large cohort of North American people. METHODS: This study included subjects at higher risk or having knee osteoarthritis. Adherence to the Mediterranean diet was evaluated using a validated Mediterranean diet score (aMED) as proposed by Panagiotakos and classified into five categories...
September 4, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917398/hydrogel-ocular-sealant-for-clear-corneal-incisions-in-cataract-surgery
#19
Nambi Nallasamy, Karen E Grove, Gary L Legault, Melissa B Daluvoy, Terry Kim
PURPOSE: To assess the relationship between use of a hydrogel ocular sealant (Resure) to secure clear corneal incisions (CCIs) in cataract surgery and surgeon efficiency, patient symptomatology, and postoperative results. SETTING: Duke University Eye Center, Durham, North Carolina, USA. DESIGN: Retrospective case series. METHODS: A 1:1 matched cohort of hydrogel sealant exposure-discordant eyes of cataract surgery patients was retrospectively generated...
August 2017: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917255/stereotactic-body-radiotherapy-for-primary-renal-cell-carcinoma-and-adrenal-metastases
#20
Gargi Kothari, Alexander V Louie, David Pryor, Ian Vela, Simon S Lo, Bin S Teh, Shankar Siva
The incidence of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) and metastatic adrenal lesions continues to rise and present evolving complexities in terms of management. Technical challenges in treatment delivery are compounded by the setting of an ageing patient population with multiple medical co-morbidities. While the standard of care treatment for both primary RCC and oligometastatic adrenal lesions has typically been surgery, a number of patients may be medically or surgically inoperable, and for whom alternative options require consideration...
September 2017: Chinese Clinical Oncology
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