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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343269/neophobia-is-negatively-related-to-reversal-learning-ability-in-females-of-a-generalist-bird-of-prey-the-chimango-caracara-milvago-chimango
#1
Jorgelina María Guido, Laura Marina Biondi, Aldo Ivan Vasallo, Rubén Nestor Muzio
In an ever-changing environment, the ability to adapt choices to new conditions is essential for daily living and ultimately, for survival. Behavioural flexibility allows animals to maximise survival and reproduction in novel settings by adjusting their behaviour based on specific information and feedback acquired in their current environments. However, a growing body of evidence indicates that an individual's personality type can limit the extent to which the individual might behave flexibly, by influencing the way an individual pays attention to novelty and how much information it collects and stores, which in turn affects the individual's decision-making and learning process...
March 25, 2017: Animal Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343063/motives-for-illicit-prescription-drug-use-among-university-students-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
REVIEW
Trevor Bennett, Katy Holloway
BACKGROUND: There is a growing body of research on the motives for prescription drug misuse (PDM) among university students. However, the overall findings of this research are hard to decipher. Studies use different methods, they examine different drug types, the motives are phrased in various ways, and the results differ widely. In order to make sense of this body of knowledge, it is necessary to synthesise the results across studies and draw out conclusions. METHODS: The research comprises a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies on the motives of university students for illicit use of four different types of prescription medication (stimulants, analgesics, tranquillisers and sedatives)...
March 23, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342602/sex-effects-on-net-protein-and-energy-requirements-for-growth-of-saanen-goats
#3
A P Souza, N R St-Pierre, M H R M Fernandes, A K Almeida, J A C Vargas, K T Resende, I A M A Teixeira
Requirements for growth in the different sexes remain poorly quantified in goats. The objective of this study was to develop equations for estimating net protein (NPG) and net energy (NEG) for growth in Saanen goats of different sexes from 5 to 45 kg of body weight (BW). A data set from 7 comparative slaughter studies (238 individual records) of Saanen goats was used. Allometric equations were developed to determine body protein and energy contents in the empty BW (EBW) as dependent variables and EBW as the allometric predictor...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339446/pulsed-radiofrequency-ablation-of-pudendal-nerve-for-treatment-of-a-case-of-refractory-pelvic-pain
#4
Vadim Petrov-Kondratov, Avneesh Chhabra, Stephanie Jones
Pudendal neuralgia (PN) is a result of pudendal nerve entrapment or injury, also called "Alcock syndrome." Pain that develops is often chronic, and at times debilitating. If conservative measures fail, invasive treatment modalities can be considered. The goal of this case report is to add to a small body of literature that a pulsed radiofrequency (PRF) ablation can be effectively used to treat PN and to show that high resolution MR neurography imaging can be used to detect pudendal neuropathy. CASE PRESENTATION: We present a case of a 51-year-old woman with 5 years of worsening right groin and vulva pain...
March 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338771/blood-pressure-control-during-chronic-kidney-disease-progression
#5
Seulbi Lee, Hyung Jung Oh, Eun-Kyung Lee, Oesook Lee, Eunhee Ha, Seung-Jung Kim, Duk-Hee Kang, Kyu Bok Choi, Dong-Ryeol Ryu
BACKGROUND: Hypertension is a major cause of end-stage renal disease, and blood pressure (BP) control is crucial in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). However, it is generally inadequately controlled in CKD patients. We investigated the prevalence of CKD patients with inadequate BP control and its related factors, based on the CKD stage. METHODS: We analyzed the health examination sample cohort database, which consisted of the randomly selected participants among all the citizens who received the health examination provided by National Health Insurance Service of Korea in 2012 and 2013...
February 16, 2017: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336399/synthetic-matrix-of-polyether-polyurethane-as-a-biological-platform-for-pancreatic-regeneration
#6
Luciana Xavier Pereira, Celso Tarso Rodrigues Viana, Laura Alejandra Ariza Orellano, Simone Aparecida de Almeida, Anilton Cesar Vasconcelos, Alfredo de Miranda Goes, Alexander Birbrair, Silvia Passos Andrade, Paula Peixoto Campos
AIMS: Several alternative cellular approaches using biomaterials to host insulin-producing cells derived from stem cells have been developed to overcome the limitations of type 1 diabetes treatment (exogenous insulin injection). However, none seem to fulfill all requirements needed to induce pancreatic cells successful colonization of the scaffolds. Here, we report a polymeric platform adherent to the native mice pancreas filled with human adipose stem cells (hASCs) that was able to induce growth of pancreatic parenchyma...
March 20, 2017: Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336227/aqueous-calyxes-extract-of-roselle-or-hibiscus-sabdariffa-linn-supplementation-improves-liver-morphology-in-streptozotocin-induced-diabetic-rats
#7
Akhtar Husin Nazratun Nafizah, Siti Balkis Budin, Abd Hamid Zaryantey, Abd Rahman Mariati, Raj Louis Santhana, Mohamad Osman, Md Idris Muhd Hanis, Mohamed Jamaludin
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: The complex series of deleterious events among diabetes patients leads to multiple organ failure. Therefore, a holistic approach of treatment is urgently required to prevent worsening of complications. The present investigation was carried out to study the possible protective effects of Roselle or Hibiscus sabdariffa Linn (HSL) calyxes aqueous extract, as an antidiabetic and antioxidant agent against oxidative liver injury in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats...
March 20, 2017: Arab Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Publication of the Pan-Arab Association of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335424/an-alternative-wearable-tracking-system-based-on-a-low-power-wide-area-network
#8
Raul Fernández-Garcia, Ignacio Gil
This work presents an alternative wearable tracking system based on a low-power wide area network. A complete GPS receiver was integrated with a textile substrate, and the latitude and longitude coordinates were sent to the cloud by means of the SIM-less SIGFOX network. To send the coordinates over SIGFOX protocol, a specific codification algorithm was used and a customized UHF antenna on jeans fabric was designed, simulated and tested. Moreover, to guarantee the compliance to international regulations for human body exposure to electromagnetic radiation, the electromagnetic specific absorption rate of this antenna was analyzed...
March 14, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334944/recent-trends-in-body-mass-index-and-waist-circumference-among-children-and-adolescents-in-shandong-china
#9
Ying-Xiu Zhang, Shu-Rong Wang, Min Chen, Yan Cheng
Background: The present study examined the recent trends in body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC), and the prevalence of general and abdominal obesity among children and adolescents in Shandong, China. Methods: Data for this study were obtained from two cross-sectional surveys of schoolchildren carried out in 2010 and 2014 in Shandong Province, China. A total of 72 755 students aged 7-18 years were included in this study. The BMI cutoff points recommended by the International Obesity Task Force were used to define overweight and general obesity...
March 8, 2017: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333517/considering-a-family-systems-approach-to-surrogate-decision-making
#10
Elizabeth K Vig, Janelle S Taylor, Ann M O'Hare
Comments on the original article by Rolland, Emanuel, and Torke (see record 2017-05300-001) regarding a family systems approach to medical decision-making by proxy. The authors expanded the focus of clinicians beyond the patient to a more comprehensive understanding of the patient's family. They assert that a better understanding of family dynamics may help clinicians to engage with families more effectively when decision-making is needed for seriously ill loved ones, and may lessen the emotional challenges families and clinicians face when decisions are needed...
March 2017: Families, Systems & Health: the Journal of Collaborative Family Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333473/enhanced-versus-simply-positive-a-new-condition-based-regression-analysis-to-disentangle-effects-of-self-enhancement-from-effects-of-positivity-of-self-view
#11
Sarah Humberg, Michael Dufner, Felix D Schönbrodt, Katharina Geukes, Roos Hutteman, Maarten H W van Zalk, Jaap J A Denissen, Steffen Nestler, Mitja D Back
Despite a large body of literature and ongoing refinements of analytical techniques, research on the consequences of self-enhancement (SE) is still vague about how to define SE effects, and empirical results are inconsistent. In this paper, we point out that part of this confusion is due to a lack of conceptual and methodological differentiation between effects of individual differences in how much people enhance themselves (SE) and in how positively they view themselves (positivity of self-view; PSV). We show that methods commonly used to analyze SE effects are biased because they cannot differentiate between the effects of PSV and the effects of SE...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333248/the-evolutionary-dynamics-of-orthologs-that-shift-in-gene-body-methylation-between-arabidopsis-species
#12
Shohei Takuno, Danelle K Seymour, Brandon S Gaut
DNA methylation labels a specific subset of genes in plant genomes. Recent work has shown that this gene-body methylation (gbM) is a conserved feature of orthologs, because highly methylated genes in one species tend to be highly methylated in another. In this study, we examined the exceptions to that rule by identifying genes that differ in gbM status between two plant species - Arabidopsis thaliana and Arabidopsis lyrata. Using Capsella grandiflora as an outgroup, we polarized the loss and gain of gbM for orthologs in Arabidopsis lineages...
March 2, 2017: Molecular Biology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333081/hyperspectral-monitoring-of-green-roof-vegetation-health-state-in-sub-mediterranean-climate-preliminary-results
#13
Patrizia Piro, Michele Porti, Simone Veltri, Emanuela Lupo, Monica Moroni
In urban and industrial environments, the constant increase of impermeable surfaces has produced drastic changes in the natural hydrological cycle. Decreasing green areas not only produce negative effects from a hydrological-hydraulic perspective, but also from an energy point of view, modifying the urban microclimate and generating, as shown in the literature, heat islands in our cities. In this context, green infrastructures may represent an environmental compensation action that can be used to re-equilibrate the hydrological and energy balance and reduce the impact of pollutant load on receiving water bodies...
March 23, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332992/clinical-implementation-of-a-model-based-in%C3%A2-vivo-dose-verification-system-for-stereotactic-body-radiation-therapy-volumetric-modulated-arc-therapy-treatments-using-the-electronic-portal-imaging-device
#14
Peter M McCowan, Ganiyu Asuni, Eric Van Uytven, Timothy VanBeek, Boyd M C McCurdy, Shaun K Loewen, Naseer Ahmed, Bashir Bashir, James B Butler, Amitava Chowdhury, Arbind Dubey, Ahmet Leylek, Maged Nashed
PURPOSE: To report findings from an in vivo dosimetry program implemented for all stereotactic body radiation therapy patients over a 31-month period and discuss the value and challenges of utilizing in vivo electronic portal imaging device (EPID) dosimetry clinically. METHODS AND MATERIALS: From December 2013 to July 2016, 117 stereotactic body radiation therapy-volumetric modulated arc therapy patients (100 lung, 15 spine, and 2 liver) underwent 602 EPID-based in vivo dose verification events...
April 1, 2017: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332867/age-related-changes-in-thoracic-skeletal-geometry-of-elderly-females
#15
Sven A Holcombe, Stewart C Wang, James B Grotberg
OBJECTIVE: Both females and the elderly have been identified as vulnerable populations with increased injury and mortality risk in multiple crash scenarios. Particularly in frontal impacts, older females show higher risk to the chest and thorax than their younger or male counterparts. Thoracic geometry plays a role in this increase, and this study aims to quantify key parts of that geometry in a way that can directly inform human body models that incorporate the concept of person age...
March 23, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332302/protein-bodies-how-the-er-deals-with-high-accumulation-of-recombinant-proteins
#16
Reza Saberianfar, Rima Menassa
Protein bodies (PBs) are highly specialized protein storage organelles in cereal seeds. PB formation in seeds initiates in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), and depending on the plant species, PBs remain in the ER or find their way out of the ER, bypass the Golgi and end up in protein storage vacuoles (PSVs) (Khan et al., 2012). Protein bodies have been ectopically induced in leaves by producing high amounts of ER-retrieved recombinant proteins, usually by fusing them to protein tags such as Zera(®) , elastin-like polypeptide (ELP) and hydrophobin-I (HFBI)...
March 23, 2017: Plant Biotechnology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331971/an-integrated-view-of-asteroid-regeneration-tissues-cells-and-molecules
#17
REVIEW
Yousra Ben Khadra, Michela Sugni, Cinzia Ferrario, Francesco Bonasoro, Ana Varela Coelho, Pedro Martinez, Maria Daniela Candia Carnevali
The potential for repairing and replacing cells, tissues, organs and body parts is considered a primitive attribute of life shared by all the organisms, even though it may be expressed to a different extent and which is essential for the survival of both individual and whole species. The ability to regenerate is particularly evident and widespread within invertebrates. In spite of the wide availability of experimental models, regeneration has been comprehensively explored in only a few animal systems (i.e., hydrozoans, planarians, urodeles) leaving many other animal groups unexplored...
March 22, 2017: Cell and Tissue Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331145/modified-marionette-technique-for-laparoscopic-colorectal-surgery
#18
Seiichi Shinji, Hayato Kan, Takeshi Yamada, Michihiro Koizumi, Aya Yamagishi, Yasuyuki Yokoyama, Goro Takahashi, Takuma Iwai, Keisuke Hara, Kohki Takeda, Keiichiro Ohta, Eiji Uchida
INTRODUCTION: Single-port laparoscopic surgery has some technical limitations with respect to control of the forceps inserted through the single-access site, which results in increased internal collisions due to coaxial alignment of the instruments, as well as and decreased range of motion and visualization. To overcome these limitations, we employ a "modified marionette technique" as a way to carry out laparoscopic colorectal surgery. Materials and Surgical Technique: The procedures for the modified marionette technique are performed as follows: An Internal Organ Retractor (IOR)™ and an atraumatic clip designed to firmly grasp tissue, with 1-0 nylon thread, are inserted through a 12-mm trocar and secured in place where adequate visualization and traction for cutting with a radio knife is required...
2017: Journal of Nippon Medical School, Nippon Ika Daigaku Zasshi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331044/effectiveness-and-safety-of-clofazimine-in%C3%A2-multidrug-resistant-tuberculosis-a%C3%A2-nationwide-report-from-brazil
#19
Margareth Dalcolmo, Regina Gayoso, Giovanni Sotgiu, Lia D'Ambrosio, Jorge L Rocha, Liamar Borga, Fatima Fandinho, Jose U Braga, Vera M N Galesi, Draurio Barreira, Denise A Sanchez, Fernanda Dockhorn, Rosella Centis, Jose A Caminero, Giovanni B Migliori
Although clofazimine is used to treat multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB), there is scant information on its effectiveness and safety. The aim of this retrospective, observational study was to evaluate these factors as well as the tolerability of clofazimine in populations in Brazil, where it was administered at a daily dose of 100 mg·day(-1) (body weight ≥45 kg) as part of a standardised MDR-TB treatment regimen until 2006 (thereafter pyrazinamide was used).All MDR-TB patients included in the Sistema de Informação de Tratamentos Especiais da Tuberculose (SITETB) individual electronic register were analysed...
March 2017: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330627/nutritional-assessment-score-a-new-tool-derived-from-subjective-global-assessment-for-hospitalized-adults
#20
Jaqueline da Silva Fink, Elza Daniel de Mello, Mariur Gomes Beghetto, Vivian Cristine Luft, Stela Maris de Jezus Castro, Paula Daniel de Mello
BACKGROUND & AIMS: There is no method to be used as a reference standard for nutritional assessment. This study aims to develop and verify the performance of a new tool, based on the Item Response Theory (IRT), from the Subjective Global Assessment (SGA) questionnaire, in hospitalized adult patients. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study, composed by secondary database, formed by patients included from October 2005 to June 2006. The new tool presented was developed through the usage of cumulative models from the IRT...
February 24, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
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