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intracerebral haemorrhage

Ximin Zhu, Yongliang Cao, Lixiang Wei, Ping Cai, Haochen Xu, Haiyu Luo, Xiaofei Bai, Lu Lu, Jian-Ren Liu, Wenying Fan, Bing-Qiao Zhao
Spontaneous intracerebral haemorrhage (ICH) is the most devastating stroke subtype and has no proven treatment. von Willebrand factor (VWF) has recently been demonstrated to promote inflammation processes. The present study investigated the pathophysiological role of VWF after experimental ICH. Functional outcomes, brain edema, blood-brain barrier (BBB) permeability, cerebral inflammation and levels of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) and matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) were measured in a mouse model of ICH induced by autologous blood injection...
October 26, 2016: Scientific Reports
Daniel F Hanley, Richard E Thompson, John Muschelli, Michael Rosenblum, Nichol McBee, Karen Lane, Amanda J Bistran-Hall, Steven W Mayo, Penelope Keyl, Dheeraj Gandhi, Tim C Morgan, Natalie Ullman, W Andrew Mould, J Ricardo Carhuapoma, Carlos Kase, Wendy Ziai, Carol B Thompson, Gayane Yenokyan, Emily Huang, William C Broaddus, R Scott Graham, E Francois Aldrich, Robert Dodd, Cristanne Wijman, Jean-Louis Caron, Judy Huang, Paul Camarata, A David Mendelow, Barbara Gregson, Scott Janis, Paul Vespa, Neil Martin, Issam Awad, Mario Zuccarello
BACKGROUND: Craniotomy, according to the results from trials, does not improve functional outcome after intracerebral haemorrhage. Whether minimally invasive catheter evacuation followed by thrombolysis for clot removal is safe and can achieve a good functional outcome is not known. We investigated the safety and efficacy of alteplase, a recombinant tissue plasminogen activator, in combination with minimally invasive surgery (MIS) in patients with intracerebral haemorrhage. METHODS: MISTIE was an open-label, phase 2 trial that was done in 26 hospitals in the USA, Canada, the UK, and Germany...
November 2016: Lancet Neurology
David J Werring
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Lancet Neurology
Ju-Sing Fan, Yen-Chia Chen, Hsien-Hao Huang, David Hung-Tsang Yen, Chorng-Kuang How, Mu-Shuan Huang
OBJECTIVE: To explore the incidence and risk factors for interhospital transfer neurological deterioration (IHTND) in patients with spontaneous intracerebral haemorrhage (SICH). METHODS: Consecutive adult patients with first-ever SICH referred to our emergency department (ED) and transported by ambulance from July 2011 through June 2015 were eligible for this prospective observational study. Enrolled patients had SICH with elapsed time <12 hours and a nearly normal Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) score (≥13) at presentation...
October 12, 2016: Postgraduate Medical Journal
Sandra Kruchov Thygesen, Morten Olsen, John R Østergaard, Henrik Toft Sørensen
OBJECTIVES: Infant respiratory distress syndrome (IRDS) is a known risk factor for intracerebral haemorrhage/intraventricular haemorrhage (ICH/IVH) and periventricular leucomalacia. These lesions are known to increase the risk of cerebral palsy (CP). Thus, we wanted to examine the long-term risk of CP following IRDS in moderately late and late preterm infants. DESIGN: Population-based cohort study. SETTING: All hospitals in Denmark. PARTICIPANTS: We used nationwide medical registries to identify a cohort of all moderately and late preterm infants (defined as birth during 32-36 full gestational weeks) born in Denmark in 1997-2007 with and without hospital diagnosed IRDS...
October 11, 2016: BMJ Open
Menglan Zhou, Peng Wang, Sharon Chen, Bin Du, Jinlong Du, Fengdan Wang, Meng Xiao, Fanrong Kong, Yingchun Xu
BACKGROUND: Mycoplasma hominis, a well known cause of neonatal infection, has been reported as a pathogen in urogenital infections in adults; however, central nervous system (CNS) infections are rare. We report here the first case of M. hominis meningitis in China, post neurosurgical treatment for an intracerebral haemorrhage in a 71-year-old male. CASE PRESENTATION: We describe a 71-year-old man who developed M. hominis meningitis after neurosurgical treatment and was successfully treated with combined azithromycin and minocycline therapy of 2 weeks duration, despite delayed treatment because the Gram stain of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) yielded no visible organisms...
October 12, 2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
Shadi Asadollahi, Ali Vafaei, Kamran Heidari
PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: To define the prognostic value of head computed tomography (CT) in patients suffering from SICH after 3 years of follow-up. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Between January 2011 and May 2012, consecutive patients with SICH who underwent brain CT scans within the first 12 hours of presentation were prospectively included. Independent predictors of 30-day mortality and unfavourable functional outcome (modified Rankin Scale = 4-6 and Barthel Index ≤ 60) at 36 months were identified by univariable and multivariable regression analysis...
September 28, 2016: Brain Injury: [BI]
Graeme J Hankey
In the past decade, the definition of stroke has been revised and major advances have been made for its treatment and prevention. For acute ischaemic stroke, the addition of endovascular thrombectomy of proximal large artery occlusion to intravenous alteplase increases functional independence for a further fifth of patients. The benefits of aspirin in preventing early recurrent ischaemic stroke are greater than previously recognised. Other strategies to prevent recurrent stroke now include direct oral anticoagulants as an alternative to warfarin for atrial fibrillation, and carotid stenting as an alternative to endarterectomy for symptomatic carotid stenosis...
September 13, 2016: Lancet
Gabriella Martillotti, Francoise Rypens, Michele David, Nancy Catalfamo, Johanne Dubé, Catherine Taillefer, Christian Lachance, François Audibert
INTRODUCTION: Fetal and neonatal alloimmune thrombocytopenia (FNAIT) is a rare condition that may lead to intracerebral haemorrhage (ICH) in the fetus or neonate. Platelet alloimmunisation causing FNAIT has been described in association with fetal cerebral ventriculomegaly (VM), presumably due to subclinical ICH. The objective of this study was to assess the association between fetal VM and platelet alloimmunisation. METHODS: This is a case series of pregnancies with fetal VM screened for platelet alloantibodies from 2003 to 2012...
September 7, 2016: Fetal Diagnosis and Therapy
Ziyu Zhao, Hongying Wang, Zhong Li, Xiaoxi Wang, Wei Zhang, Kang Feng, Jingchun Fan
BACKGROUND: Hypertension is the most common cause of intracerebral haemorrhages (ICHs), yet the short-term impact factors associated with hypertensive intracerebral haemorrhages (HICHs) in patients who undergo different surgical treatments are still unknown. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All consecutive patients with acute HICHs admitted to our hospital from January 2012 to March 2015 were enrolled in the study. Patients were either randomly divided or assigned according to their family's preference into three groups (those undergoing minimally invasive aspiration, keyhole craniotomy or haematoma aspiration with extended pterional and decompressive craniotomy)...
November 2016: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
A Giménez-Muñoz, J R Ara, J M Abad Díez, I Campello Morer, J M Pérez Trullén
INTRODUCTION: Despite the impact of cerebrovascular disease (CVD) on global health, its morbidity and time trends in Spain are not precisely known. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of our study was to characterise the epidemiology and trends pertaining to stroke in Aragon over the period 1998-2010. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective, descriptive study using the data of the Spanish health system's Minimum Data Set and included all stroke patients admitted to acute care hospitals in Aragon between 1 January 1998 and 31 December 2010...
August 20, 2016: Neurología: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Neurología
Joji Inamasu, Riki Tanaka, Ichiro Nakahara, Yuichi Hirose
We report a rare case of dural arteriovenous fistula at the craniocervical junction manifesting as cerebellar haemorrhage, which posed a diagnostic challenge for physicians. A 77-year-old woman with no history of arterial hypertension presented to our Emergency Department with dizziness, and imaging studies revealed a small cerebellar haemorrhage. She was diagnosed with hypertensive intracerebral haemorrhage and conservatively treated. Four months later, she developed subarachnoid haemorrhage, and imaging studies revealed dural arteriovenous fistula at the left C1 dural sleeve...
October 2016: Neuroradiology Journal
Rita Szepesi, Ákos Csokonay, Balázs Murnyák, Mahan C Kouhsari, Gergely Hofgárt, László Csiba, Tibor Hortobágyi
OBJECTIVES: The vast majority of literature on the frequency of the haemorrhagic transformation of ischaemic stroke is based on imaging studies. The purpose of the present study was to assess the added value of autopsy and neuropathological analysis in a neurology centre with emphasis on acute stroke care. METHODS: We retrospectively analysed the findings of 100 consecutive brain autopsies followed by detailed clinical correlation. RESULTS: The clinical diagnosis was confirmed by neuropathology in every patient with intracerebral haemorrhage and with non-cerebrovascular neurological disorders (e...
September 15, 2016: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
Roland Faigle, Elisabeth B Marsh, Rafael H Llinas, Victor C Urrutia, Rebecca F Gottesman
BACKGROUND: Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) carries high risk for short-term mortality. We sought to identify race-specific predictors of mortality in ICH patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: We used 2 databases, the Johns Hopkins clinical stroke database and the Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS). We included 226 patients with the primary diagnosis of spontaneous ICH from our stroke database between 2010 and 2013; in the NIS, 42 077 patients met inclusion criteria. Logistic regression was used to assess differences in predictors of mortality in blacks compared to whites...
August 2016: Journal of the American Heart Association
Alessandro Biffi, Abbas Rattani, Christopher D Anderson, Alison M Ayres, Edip M Gurol, Steven M Greenberg, Jonathan Rosand, Anand Viswanathan
Late seizures after intracerebral haemorrhage occur after the initial acute haemorrhagic insult subsides, and represent one of its most feared long-term sequelae. Both susceptibility to late seizures and their functional impact remain poorly characterized. We sought to: (i) compare patients with new-onset late seizures (i.e. delayed seizures), with those who experienced a recurrent late seizure following an immediately post-haemorrhagic seizure; and (ii) investigate the effect of late seizures on long-term functional performance after intracerebral haemorrhage...
August 6, 2016: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
Stefan C Kane, Shaun P Brennecke, Fabricio da Silva Costa
The neurological complications of pre-eclampsia, including eclampsia (seizures) and intracerebral haemorrhage, are responsible for much of the maternal morbidity and mortality associated with this condition. Animal models and neuroimaging in humans suggest that pre-eclampsia is associated with a loss of cerebral autoregulation, which consequent hyperperfusion and vasogenic oedema. Treatments given to pre-eclamptic women are aimed at preventing these cerebral sequelae, and include antihypertensive agents (to prevent intracranial haemorrhage) and magnesium sulphate (for seizure prophylaxis)...
August 3, 2016: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
M Irem Baharoglu, Rustam Al-Shahi Salman, Charlotte Cordonnier, Rob J de Haan, Yvo B W E M Roos
BACKGROUND: Use of antiplatelet therapy shortly before stroke due to spontaneous primary intracerebral haemorrhage (ICH) is associated with higher case fatality in comparison to ICH without prior antithrombotic drug use. The PlAtelet Transfusion in Cerebral Haemorrhage (PATCH) trial aimed to assess the effect of platelet transfusion in patients presenting with ICH while using antiplatelet therapy. The main hypothesis of PATCH was that platelet transfusion would reduce death or dependence by reducing ICH growth...
2016: Trials
Santosh B Murthy, Sebastian Urday, Lauren A Beslow, Jesse Dawson, Kennedy Lees, W Taylor Kimberly, Costantino Iadecola, Hooman Kamel, Daniel F Hanley, Kevin N Sheth, Wendy C Ziai
BACKGROUND: Perihaematomal edema (PHE) expansion rate may be a predictor of outcome after intracerebral haemorrhage (ICH). We determined whether PHE expansion rate in the first 72 hours after ICH predicts outcome, and how it compares against other PHE measures. METHODS: We included patients from the Virtual International Stroke Trials Archive. We calculated PHE expansion rate using the equation: (PHE at 72 hours PHE at baseline)/(time to 72-hour CT scan time to baseline CT scan)...
November 2016: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
Martin J O'Donnell, Siu Lim Chin, Sumathy Rangarajan, Denis Xavier, Lisheng Liu, Hongye Zhang, Purnima Rao-Melacini, Xiaohe Zhang, Prem Pais, Steven Agapay, Patricio Lopez-Jaramillo, Albertino Damasceno, Peter Langhorne, Matthew J McQueen, Annika Rosengren, Mahshid Dehghan, Graeme J Hankey, Antonio L Dans, Ahmed Elsayed, Alvaro Avezum, Charles Mondo, Hans-Christoph Diener, Danuta Ryglewicz, Anna Czlonkowska, Nana Pogosova, Christian Weimar, Romaina Iqbal, Rafael Diaz, Khalid Yusoff, Afzalhussein Yusufali, Aytekin Oguz, Xingyu Wang, Ernesto Penaherrera, Fernando Lanas, Okechukwu S Ogah, Adesola Ogunniyi, Helle K Iversen, German Malaga, Zvonko Rumboldt, Shahram Oveisgharan, Fawaz Al Hussain, Daliwonga Magazi, Yongchai Nilanont, John Ferguson, Guillaume Pare, Salim Yusuf
BACKGROUND: Stroke is a leading cause of death and disability, especially in low-income and middle-income countries. We sought to quantify the importance of potentially modifiable risk factors for stroke in different regions of the world, and in key populations and primary pathological subtypes of stroke. METHODS: We completed a standardised international case-control study in 32 countries in Asia, America, Europe, Australia, the Middle East, and Africa. Cases were patients with acute first stroke (within 5 days of symptom onset and 72 h of hospital admission)...
August 20, 2016: Lancet
Ruth Hall, Luke Mondor, Joan Porter, Jiming Fang, Moira K Kapral
OBJECTIVE: Administrative data validation is essential for identifying biases and misclassification in research. The objective of this study was to determine the accuracy of diagnostic codes for acute stroke and transient ischemic attack (TIA) using the Ontario Stroke Registry (OSR) as the reference standard. METHODS: We identified stroke and TIA events in inpatient and emergency department (ED) administrative data from eight regional stroke centres in Ontario, Canada, from April of 2006 through March of 2008 using ICD-10-CA codes for subarachnoid haemorrhage (I60, excluding I60...
July 18, 2016: Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences. le Journal Canadien des Sciences Neurologiques
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