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intracerebral haemorrhage

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052979/prevalence-incidence-and-mortality-of-stroke-in-china-results-from-a-nationwide-population-based-survey-of-480-687-adults
#1
Wenzhi Wang, Bin Jiang, Haixin Sun, Xiaojuan Ru, Dongling Sun, Linhong Wang, Limin Wang, Yong Jiang, Yichong Li, Yilong Wang, Zhenghong Chen, Shengping Wu, Yazhuo Zhang, David Wang, Yongjun Wang, Valery L Feigin
BACKGROUND: -China bears the biggest stroke burden in the world. However, little is known about the current prevalence, incidence, and mortality of stroke at the national level, and the trend in the last 30 years. METHODS: -In 2013 a nationally-representative door-to-door survey was conducted in 155 urban and rural centres in 31 provinces in China, totalling 480,687 adults aged ≥20 years. All stroke survivors were considered as prevalent stroke cases at the prevalent time (August 31, 2013)...
January 4, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049738/when-the-heart-rules-the-head-ischaemic-stroke-and-intracerebral-haemorrhage-complicating-infective-endocarditis
#2
REVIEW
Estabrak Jiad, Sumanjit K Gill, Maria Krutikov, David Turner, Michael H Parkinson, Carmel Curtis, David J Werring
Sir William Osler meticulously described the clinical manifestations of infective endocarditis in 1885, concluding that: 'few diseases present greater difficulties in the way of diagnosis … which in many cases are practically insurmountable'. Even with modern investigation techniques, diagnosing infective endocarditis can be hugely challenging, yet is critically important in patients presenting with stroke (both cerebral infarction and intracranial haemorrhage), its commonest neurological complication. In ischaemic stroke, intravenous thrombolysis carries an unacceptably high risk of intracranial haemorrhage, while in intracerebral haemorrhage, mycotic aneurysms require urgent treatment to avoid rebleeding, and in all cases, prompt treatment with antibiotics and valve surgery may be life-saving...
January 2017: Practical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017207/the-cerebral-haemorrhage-anatomical-rating-instrument-charts-development-and-assessment-of-reliability
#3
Andreas Charidimou, Anne Schmitt, Duncan Wilson, Yusuke Yakushiji, Simone M Gregoire, Zoe Fox, Hans R Jäger, David J Werring
PURPOSE: The causes, risk factors and prognosis of spontaneous intracerebral haemorrhage (ICH) are partly determined by anatomical location (specifically, lobar vs. non-lobar (deep and infratentorial) regions). We systematically developed a rating instrument to reliably classify ICH location. METHODS: We used a two-stage iterative Delphi-style method for instrument development. The resultant Cerebral Haemorrhage Anatomical RaTing inStrument (CHARTS) was validated on CT and MRI scans from a cohort of consecutive patients with acute spontaneous symptomatic ICH by three independent raters...
January 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011847/spot-sign-prognosis-and-intracerebral-haemorrhage
#4
T R Bates, C C Phatourous, J Van Heerden
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 22, 2016: QJM: Monthly Journal of the Association of Physicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007486/-trends-in-computed-tomography-characteristics-intracranial-pressure-monitoring-and-surgical-management-in-severe-traumatic-brain-injury-analysis-of-a-data-base-of-the-past-25-years-in-a-neurosurgery-department
#5
Pedro A Gómez, Ana M Castaño-León, David Lora, Santiago Cepeda, Alfonso Lagares
OBJECTIVE: To describe the radiological characteristics, surgical indications, procedures, and intracranial pressure monitoring of a representative cohort of severe traumatic brain injury (sTBI) cases collected over the past 25years, and to analyse the changes that have occurred by dividing the period into 3 equal time periods. METHODS: An observational cohort study was conducted on consecutive adult patients (>14years of age) with severe closed TBI (Glasgow Coma Scale score [GCS]≤8) who were admitted during the first 48hours after injury to the Hospital 12 de Octubre from 1987 to 2012...
December 19, 2016: Neurocirugía
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997041/genetic-variation-at-16q24-2-is-associated-with-small-vessel-stroke
#6
Matthew Traylor, Rainer Malik, Mike A Nalls, Ioana Cotlarciuc, Farid Radmanesh, Gudmar Thorleifsson, Ken B Hanscombe, Carl Langefeld, Danish Saleheen, Natalia S Rost, Idil Yet, Tim D Spector, Jordana T Bell, Eilis Hannon, Jonathan Mill, Ganesh Chauhan, Stephanie Debette, Joshua C Bis, W T Longstreth, M Arfan Ikram, Lenore J Launer, Sudha Seshadri, Jordi Jimenez-Conde, John W Cole, Reinhold Schmidt, Agnieszka Słowik, Robin Lemmens, Arne Lindgren, Olle Melander, Raji P Grewal, Ralph L Sacco, Tatjana Rundek, Kathryn Rexrode, Donna K Arnett, Julie A Johnson, Oscar R Benavente, Sylvia Wasssertheil-Smoller, Jin-Moo Lee, Sara L Pulit, Quenna Wong, Stephen S Rich, Paul I W de Bakker, Patrick F McArdle, Daniel Woo, Christopher D Anderson, Huichun Xu, Laura Heitsch, Myriam Fornage, Christina Jern, Kari Stefansson, Unnur Thorsteinsdottir, Solveig Gretarsdottir, Cathryn M Lewis, Pankaj Sharma, Cathie L M Sudlow, Peter M Rothwell, Giorgio B Boncoraglio, Vincent Thijs, Chris Levi, James F Meschia, Jonathan Rosand, Steven J Kittner, Braxton D Mitchell, Martin Dichgans, Bradford B Worrall, Hugh S Markus
OBJECTIVE: Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have been successful at identifying associations with stroke and stroke subtypes, but have not yet identified any associations solely with small vessel stroke (SVS). SVS comprises a quarter of all ischaemic stroke and is a major manifestation of cerebral small vessel disease, the primary cause of vascular cognitive impairment. Studies across neurological traits have shown younger onset cases have an increased genetic burden. We leveraged this increased genetic burden by performing an age-at-onset informed GWAS meta-analysis, including a large younger onset SVS population, to identify novel associations with stroke...
December 20, 2016: Annals of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919055/associations-with-health-related-quality-of-life-after-intracerebral-haemorrhage-pooled-analysis-of-interact-studies
#7
Candice Delcourt, Danni Zheng, Xiaoying Chen, Maree Hackett, Hisatomi Arima, Jun Hata, Emma Heeley, Rustam Al-Shahi Salman, Mark Woodward, Yining Huang, Thompson Robinson, Pablo M Lavados, Richard I Lindley, Christian Stapf, Leo Davies, John Chalmers, Craig S Anderson, Shoichiro Sato
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Limited data exist on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) after intracerebral haemorrhage (ICH). We aimed to determine baseline factors associated with HRQoL among participants of the pilot and main phases of the Intensive Blood Pressure Reduction in Acute Cerebral Haemorrhage Trials (INTERACT 1 and 2). METHODS: The INTERACT studies were randomised controlled trials of early intensive blood pressure (BP) lowering in patients with ICH (<6 hours) and elevated systolic BP (150-220 mm Hg)...
January 2017: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900893/prompt-treatment-with-alteplase-is-essential-for-patients-with-severe-ischaemic-stroke
#8
(no author information available yet)
Thrombolysis with alteplase delivered within 4.5 hours of the onset of ischaemic stroke significantly improves the chances of good outcomes, but it also increases the risk of intracerebral haemorrhage, which can cause death or functional impairment.
November 30, 2016: Nursing Older People
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898582/antithrombotic-therapy-in-patients-with-cerebral-microbleeds
#9
Duncan Wilson, David J Werring
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Cerebral microbleeds (CMBs) are a radiological marker of cerebral small vessel disease corresponding to small haemosiderin foci identified by blood-sensitive MRI. CMBs are common in older community populations, and in individuals with ischaemic stroke or transient ischaemic attack (TIA), and intracerebral haemorrhage (ICH). We summarize how CMBs might contribute to assessing the future risk of ischaemic stroke and ICH to inform antithrombotic (antiplatelet or anticoagulant) decisions...
February 2017: Current Opinion in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891397/spontaneous-subdural-haematoma-developing-secondary-to-arachnoid-cyst-rupture
#10
Mehmet Onur Yüksel, Mehmet Sabri Gürbüz, Mehmet Senol, Numan Karaarslan
Arachnoid cysts are congenital, benign, non-neoplastic, extra-axial intra-arachnoidal lesions. Arachnoid cysts rarely become symptomatic, with bleeding. Intracranial haemorrhage as a complication of arachnoid cyst is a very rare condition. It is well-known that mid-cranial fossa cysts might cause intracerebral haemorrhage or subdural haematoma secondary to traumas. However, the occurrence of spontaneous subdural haematoma secondary to arachnoid cysts, developing without any trauma, is even rarer. A 17-year-old boy presenting with diplopia and headache, with no history of trauma, was diagnosed with left temporal lobe arachnoid cyst and left fronto-parietal subdural haematoma...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880060/neurogenic-pulmonary-oedema-complicating-traumatic-posterior-fossa-extradural-haematoma-case-report-and-review
#11
Ajay Hegde, G Lakshmi Prasad, Priyanka Kini
INTRODUCTION: Pulmonary oedema is accumulation of fluid in the lung air spaces and interstitia. Neurogenic pulmonary oedema (NPE) is a potentially life-threatening condition which has been noted in head injury, subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH), intracerebral haemorrhage (ICH) and others. Timely management is crucial to achieve good outcome; however, no specific guidelines have been defined. METHODS: A 33-year female involved in a motor vehicular accident had a GCS of 14/15 and CT scan showed a moderate-sized unilateral posterior fossa extradural haematoma (PFEDH)...
2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879177/-retinal-haemorrhages-as-a-symptom-of-child-abuse
#12
C M L van den Hoven, F M C van Berkestijn, I M B Russel-Kampschoer, W A Karst, E S M Voskuil-Kerkhof
Inflicted traumatic brain injury (ITBI) - a possible result of child abuse - is difficult to diagnose, yet the diagnosis bears great impact on patients and their relatives. The purpose of this paper is to describe ophthalmologic findings that can be seen in relation to ITBI. For exemplification, three different cases are described in detail. ITBI is diagnosed through a multidisciplinary approach by exclusion of other causes that could explain the clinical findings, and by linking factors that together raise a high suspicion of ITBI...
2016: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873051/clinical-and-radiological-course-of-intracerebral-haemorrhage-associated-with-the-new-non-vitamin-k-anticoagulants
#13
Christian von der Brelie, Alexandros Doukas, Rebecca Naumann, Astrid Dempfle, Naomi Larsen, Michael Synowitz, Olav Jansen, Maximilian Mehdorn, Senol Jadik
BACKGROUND: Clinical outcome and mortality in intracerebral haemorrhage (ICH) associated with anticoagulant treatment is poor. Novel direct oral anticoagulant drugs (NOACs) are increasingly prescribed. Management of NOAC-associated ICH might be more challenging. The aim of this study was to compare the clinical and radiological course of ICH patients being treated with different forms of oral anticoagulant drugs. METHOD: The study is a retrospective observational study...
January 2017: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852691/medical-management-of-intracerebral-haemorrhage
#14
REVIEW
Floris H B M Schreuder, Shoichiro Sato, Catharina J M Klijn, Craig S Anderson
The global burden of intracerebral haemorrhage (ICH) is enormous. Developing evidence-based management strategies for ICH has been hampered by its diverse aetiology, high case fatality and variable cooperative organisation of medical and surgical care. Progress is being made through the conduct of collaborative multicentre studies with the large sample sizes necessary to evaluate therapies with realistically modest treatment effects. This narrative review describes the major consequences of ICH and provides evidence-based recommendations to support decision-making in medical management...
January 2017: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831492/withdrawal-of-active-treatment-after-intracerebral-haemorrhage-in-the-interact2-study
#15
Paula Muñoz Venturelli, Xia Wang, Darin B Zahuranec, Pablo M Lavados, Christian Stapf, Richard Lindley, Candice Delcourt, John Chalmers, Craig S Anderson, Thompson G Robinson, Thompson G Robinson
BACKGROUND: in the second Intensive Blood Pressure Reduction in Acute Cerebral Haemorrhage Trial (INTERACT2), a minority of patients received withdrawal of active treatment (WAT). We wished to determine the characteristics of these patients, and the relation of this decision-making to subsequent management and final outcome. METHODS: the INTERACT2 cohort of acute intracerebral haemorrhage (ICH) patients had a decision of WAT within 7 days after hospital admission recorded...
November 9, 2016: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816340/management-of-spontaneous-intracerebral-haemorrhages
#16
Barbara Casolla, Romain Tortuyaux, Charlotte Cordonnier
Spontaneous intracerebral haemorrhage is defined as a collection of blood in the cerebral parenchyma that is not caused by trauma. It represents roughly 10-20% of all strokes. The clinical presentation is unspecific and the diagnosis requires brain imaging. ICH is a medical emergency and ICH patients have to be admitted in an acute stroke unit. The priority is to fight against ICH expansion. The first step consists in the administration of a specific antagonist of the antithrombotic treatment when available, and in the strict control of blood pressure...
December 2016: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812073/eosinophilic-granulomatosis-with-polyangiitis-presenting-with-multiple-intracerebral-haemorrhages-a-case-report
#17
Zafar Ullah, Zain Ul Abideen, Raja Farhat Shoaib, Arsalan Ahmad, Qamar Zaman, Rashid Nazir
Eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis also known as Churgg-Strauss syndrome is a systemic multi system vasculitis. Neurological involvement is mostly in the form of peripheral nervous system disease. Central nervous system involvement is relatively uncommon with most cases being secondary to ischaemic infarctions. Intra cerebral haemorrhage is rare and is usually in the form of solitary haemorrhagic lesions. Multiple intra cerebral haemorrhages are exceptionally rare with only one case documented in medical literature...
November 2016: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27808065/intensive-lowering-of-blood-pressure-in-acute-intracerebral-haemorrhage-where-do-we-stand-today
#18
M V Padma Srivastava
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: National Medical Journal of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798274/placing-intracerebral-probes-to-optimise-detection-of-delayed-cerebral-ischemia-and-allow-for-the-prediction-of-patient-outcome-in-aneurysmal-subarachnoid-haemorrhage
#19
Yannick Tholance, Gleicy K Barcelos, Armand Perret-Liaudet, Edris Omar, Romain Carrillon, Sébastien Grousson, Thomas Lieutaud, Frédéric Dailler, Stéphane Marinesco
Cerebral microdialysis could be useful to detect delayed cerebral ischemia in aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage patients. The optimal location of the probes, however, remains controversial. Here, we determined the vascular territories with the highest infarct risk in relation to aneurysm location to define probe implantation guidelines. These guidelines were retrospectively validated by studying the likelihood of probe to fall in a secondary infarct area, and by analysing their influence to predict patient outcome...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27786555/seasonality-of-stroke-in-finland
#20
Jussi Sipilä, Jori O Ruuskanen, Tommi Kauko, Päivi Rautava, Ville Kytö
INTRODUCTION: The burden of stroke is increasing globally. Reports on seasonal variations in stroke occurrence are conflicting and long-term data is absent. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study using discharge registry data of all acute stroke admissions in Finland in 2004-2014 for patients ≥18 years age. 97018 admissions for ischemic stroke (IS) were included, 18252 admissions for intracerebral haemorrhage (ICH) and 11271 admissions for subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH)...
October 27, 2016: Annals of Medicine
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