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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159960/mapping-the-structural-and-functional-network-architecture-of-the-medial-temporal-lobe-using-7t-mri
#1
Preya Shah, Danielle S Bassett, Laura E M Wisse, John A Detre, Joel M Stein, Paul A Yushkevich, Russell T Shinohara, John B Pluta, Elijah Valenciano, Molly Daffner, David A Wolk, Mark A Elliott, Brian Litt, Kathryn A Davis, Sandhitsu R Das
Medial temporal lobe (MTL) subregions play integral roles in memory function and are differentially affected in various neurological and psychiatric disorders. The ability to structurally and functionally characterize these subregions may be important to understanding MTL physiology and diagnosing diseases involving the MTL. In this study, we characterized network architecture of the MTL in healthy subjects (n = 31) using both resting state functional MRI and MTL-focused T2-weighted structural MRI at 7 tesla...
November 20, 2017: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157049/small-for-gestational-age-as-an-independent-risk-factor-for-long-term-pediatric-gastrointestinal-morbidity-of-the-offspring
#2
N Steiner, T Wainstock, E Sheiner, I Segal, D Landau, A Walfisch
OBJECTIVE: The concept of neonatal programing has begun to emerge as an important component of adult health. Scarce data exist regarding perinatal risk factors for long-term gastrointestinal (GI) morbidity of the offspring. We aimed to evaluate the association between birthweight (BW) at term and long-term pediatric GI morbidity. STUDY DESIGN: A population-based cohort analysis was performed, comparing the risk of long-term GI morbidity (up to the age of 18 years) in children delivered at term according to their BW...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154652/development-of-internalizing-problems-from-adolescence-to-emerging-adulthood-accounting-for-heterotypic-continuity-with-vertical-scaling
#3
Isaac T Petersen, Oliver Lindhiem, Brandon LeBeau, John E Bates, Gregory S Pettit, Jennifer E Lansford, Kenneth A Dodge
Manifestations of internalizing problems, such as specific symptoms of anxiety and depression, can change across development, even if individuals show strong continuity in rank-order levels of internalizing problems. This illustrates the concept of heterotypic continuity, and raises the question of whether common measures might be construct-valid for one age but not another. This study examines mean-level changes in internalizing problems across a long span of development at the same time as accounting for heterotypic continuity by using age-appropriate, changing measures...
November 20, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153095/circulating-cell-free-dna-mutation-patterns-in-early-and-late-stage-colon-and-pancreatic-cancer
#4
Eveline E Vietsch, Garrett T Graham, Justine N McCutcheon, Aamir Javaid, Giuseppe Giaccone, John L Marshall, Anton Wellstein
Cancer is a heterogeneous disease harboring diverse subclonal populations that can be discriminated by their DNA mutations. Environmental pressure selects subclones that ultimately drive disease progression and tumor relapse. Circulating cell-free DNA (ccfDNA) can be used to approximate the mutational makeup of cancer lesions and can serve as a marker for monitoring disease progression at the molecular level without the need for invasively acquired samples from primary or metastatic lesions. This potential for molecular analysis makes ccfDNA attractive for the study of clonal evolution and for uncovering emerging therapeutic resistance or sensitivity...
December 2017: Cancer Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150856/defining-sepsis-on-the-wards-results-of-a-multi-centre-point-prevalence-study-comparing-two-sepsis-definitions
#5
T Szakmany, R Pugh, M Kopczynska, R M Lundin, B Sharif, P Morgan, G Ellis, J Abreu, S Kulikouskaya, K Bashir, L Galloway, H Al-Hassan, T Grother, P McNulty, S T Seal, A Cains, M Vreugdenhil, M Abdimalik, N Dennehey, G Evans, J Whitaker, E Beasant, C Hall, M Lazarou, C V Vanderpump, K Harding, L Duffy, A Guerrier Sadler, R Keeling, C Banks, S W Y Ng, S Y Heng, D Thomas, E W Puw, I Otahal, C Battle, O Minik, R A Lyons, J E Hall
Our aim was to prospectively determine the predictive capabilities of SEPSIS-1 and SEPSIS-3 definitions in the emergency departments and general wards. Patients with National Early Warning Score (NEWS) of 3 or above and suspected or proven infection were enrolled over a 24-h period in 13 Welsh hospitals. The primary outcome measure was mortality within 30 days. Out of the 5422 patients screened, 431 fulfilled inclusion criteria and 380 (88%) were recruited. Using the SEPSIS-1 definition, 212 patients had sepsis...
November 17, 2017: Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138182/disparities-in-the-quality-of-cardiovascular-care-between-hiv-infected-versus-hiv-uninfected-adults-in-the-united-states-a-cross-sectional-study
#6
Joseph A Ladapo, Adam K Richards, Cassandra M DeWitt, Nina T Harawa, Steven Shoptaw, William E Cunningham, John N Mafi
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease is emerging as a major cause of morbidity and mortality among patients with HIV. We compared use of national guideline-recommended cardiovascular care during office visits among HIV-infected versus HIV-uninfected adults. METHODS AND RESULTS: We analyzed data from a nationally representative sample of HIV-infected and HIV-uninfected patients aged 40 to 79 years in the National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey/National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey, 2006 to 2013...
November 14, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138016/the-challenges-of-detecting-and-responding-to-a-lassa-fever-outbreak-in-an-ebola-affected-setting
#7
E L Hamblion, P Raftery, A Wendland, E Dweh, G S Williams, R N C George, L Soro, V Katawera, P Clement, A N Gasasira, E Musa, T K Nagbe
OBJECTIVES: Lassa fever(LF), a priority emerging pathogen likely to cause major epidemics, is endemic in much of West Africa and difficult to distinguish from other viral haemorrhagic fevers including Ebola virus disease(EVD). Definitive diagnosis requires laboratory confirmation not widely available in affected settings. We report the public health action to contain a LF outbreak and challenges encountered in an EVD-affected setting. METHODS: In February 2016 a rapid response team was deployed in Liberia in response to a cluster of LF cases...
November 11, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132720/intensify-production-transform-biomass-to-energy-and-novel-goods-and-protect-soils-in-europe-a-vision-how-to-mobilize-marginal-lands
#8
REVIEW
P Schröder, B Beckers, S Daniels, F Gnädinger, E Maestri, N Marmiroli, M Mench, R Millan, M M Obermeier, N Oustriere, T Persson, C Poschenrieder, F Rineau, B Rutkowska, T Schmid, W Szulc, N Witters, A Sæbø
The rapid increase of the world population constantly demands more food production from agricultural soils. This causes conflicts, since at the same time strong interest arises on novel bio-based products from agriculture, and new perspectives for rural landscapes with their valuable ecosystem services. Agriculture is in transition to fulfill these demands. In many countries, conventional farming, influenced by post-war food requirements, has largely been transformed into integrated and sustainable farming...
November 10, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126456/virological-response-hiv-1-drug-resistance-mutations-and-genetic-diversity-among-patients-on-first-line-antiretroviral-therapy-in-n-djamena-chad-findings-from-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Chatté Adawaye, Joseph Fokam, Erick Kamangu, Hamit Mahamat Alio, Aoudalkarim Moussa Chahad, Fabrice Susin, Ali Mahamat Moussa, Tchombou Hig-Zounet Bertin, Abdelsalam Tidjani, Dolores Vaira, Michel Moutschen
BACKGROUND: The national antiretroviral therapy in the Republic of Chad provides free of charge antiretroviral regimens and therapeutic monitoring for patients receiving antiretroviral therapy nationwide. For a successful programmatic uptake, these efforts merit to be supported by thorough assessments of antiretroviral therapy response and HIV-1 drug resistance surveillance, especially with risks of cross-resistance due to the gradual stavudine phasing out in such national settings. We therefore evaluated the virological response to antiretroviral therapy, HIV-1 drug resistance emergence and circulating HIV-1 clades in a Chad context...
November 10, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125485/cognitive-variability-predicts-incident-alzheimer-s-disease-and-mild-cognitive-impairment-comparable-to-a-cerebrospinal-fluid-biomarker
#10
Carey E Gleason, Derek Norton, Eric D Anderson, Michelle Wahoske, Danielle T Washington, Emre Umucu, Rebecca L Koscik, N Maritza Dowling, Sterling C Johnson, Cynthia M Carlsson, Sanjay Asthana
BACKGROUND: Alzheimer's disease (AD) biomarkers are emerging as critically important for disease detection and monitoring. Most biomarkers are obtained through invasive, resource-intense procedures. A cognitive marker, intra-individual cognitive variability (IICV) may provide an alternative or adjunct marker of disease risk for individuals unable or disinclined to undergo lumbar puncture. OBJECTIVE: To contrast risk of incident AD and mild cognitive impairment (MCI) associated with IICV to risk associated with well-established biomarkers: cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) phosphorylated tau protein (p-tau181) and amyloid-β 42 (Aβ42) peptide...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121595/from-the-psychosis-prodrome-to-the-first-episode-of-psychosis-no-evidence-of-a-cognitive-decline
#11
Ricardo E Carrión, Deborah J Walder, Andrea M Auther, Danielle McLaughlin, Heather O Zyla, Steven Adelsheim, Roderick Calkins, Cameron S Carter, Bentson McFarland, Ryan Melton, Tara Niendam, J Daniel Ragland, Tamara G Sale, Stephan F Taylor, William R McFarlane, Barbara A Cornblatt
Cognitive deficits have an important role in the neurodevelopment of schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders. However, there is a continuing debate as to whether cognitive impairments in the psychosis prodrome are stable predictors of eventual psychosis or undergo a decline due to the onset of psychosis. In the present study, to determine how cognition changes as illness emerges, we examined baseline neurocognitive performance in a large sample of helping-seeking youth ranging in clinical state from low-risk for psychosis through individuals at clinical high-risk (CHR) for illness to early first-episode patients (EFEP)...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112194/genome-wide-association-study-identifies-a-novel-locus-for-cannabis-dependence
#12
A Agrawal, Y-L Chou, C E Carey, D A A Baranger, B Zhang, R Sherva, L Wetherill, M Kapoor, J-C Wang, S Bertelsen, A P Anokhin, V Hesselbrock, J Kramer, M T Lynskey, J L Meyers, J I Nurnberger, J P Rice, J Tischfield, L J Bierut, L Degenhardt, L A Farrer, J Gelernter, A R Hariri, A C Heath, H R Kranzler, P A F Madden, N G Martin, G W Montgomery, B Porjesz, T Wang, J B Whitfield, H J Edenberg, T Foroud, A M Goate, R Bogdan, E C Nelson
Despite moderate heritability, only one study has identified genome-wide significant loci for cannabis-related phenotypes. We conducted meta-analyses of genome-wide association study data on 2080 cannabis-dependent cases and 6435 cannabis-exposed controls of European descent. A cluster of correlated single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in a novel region on chromosome 10 was genome-wide significant (lowest P=1.3E-8). Among the SNPs, rs1409568 showed enrichment for H3K4me1 and H3K427ac marks, suggesting its role as an enhancer in addiction-relevant brain regions, such as the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex and the angular and cingulate gyri...
November 7, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105736/stroke-identification-by-criteria-based-dispatch-a-register-based-study
#13
E N Ellensen, H Naess, T Wisborg, S Hunskaar, E Zakariassen
BACKGROUND: Rapid and precise dispatch of resources is a key element in pre-hospital emergency medicine. Emergency medical communication centres (EMCCs) dispatch resources based on protocols and guidelines, balancing the acute need of the individual and the resource allocation of the pre-hospital emergency medical system. The aim of this study was to determine the validity of stroke identification by the Norwegian dispatch guidelines. METHOD AND MATERIAL: This was a register-based study where patients suspected for stroke were compared to those with the final diagnosis of stroke as an indicator group for the guideline validation...
November 5, 2017: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102693/children-with-chronic-pain-response-trajectories-following-intensive-pain-rehabilitation-treatment
#14
Laura E Simons, Christine B Sieberg, Caitlin Conroy, Edin T Randall, Julie Shulman, David Borsook, Charles Berde, Navil F Sethna, Deirdre E Logan
Intensive pain rehabilitation programs for children with chronic pain are effective for many patients. However, characteristics associated with treatment response have not been well documented. Here we report trajectories of pain and functional impairment in patients with chronic pain up to one year after intensive pain rehabilitation and examine baseline factors associated with treatment response. Patients (n=253) with chronic pain and functional disability were assessed at 5 time points (admission, discharge, 1-month, 4-month, and 12-month follow-up)...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101049/potentialities-of-active-membranes-with-immobilized-laccase-for-bisphenol-a-degradation
#15
Carlos Barrios-Estrada, Magdalena de Jesús Rostro-Alanis, Ana Luisa Parra, Marie-Pierre Belleville, Jose Sanchez-Marcano, Hafiz M N Iqbal, Roberto Parra-Saldívar
Herein, we report the development of immobilized laccase based membrane bioreactor as a novel bio-catalytic system for the degradation of emerging endocrine disruptor i.e., Bisphenol A. Two laccase forms i.e. (1) in-house isolated and purified from an indigenous white-rot fungi Pycnoporus sanguineus (CS43) and (2) Trametes versicolor (commercial laccase from Sigma-Aldrich(®)) were immobilized on a multi-channel ceramic membrane (1.4μm in diameter) using 4% glutaraldehyde as a cross-linking agent. The immobilization yield and bisphenol A degradation activities of immobilized laccases were recorded at various pH levels...
October 31, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090997/safety-and-efficacy-outcomes-of-embolization-in-hepatic-sarcomas
#16
David B Pierce, Guy E Johnson, Eric Monroe, Elizabeth T Loggers, Robin L Jones, Seth M Pollack, Siddharth A Padia
OBJECTIVE: The outcome for patients with unresectable hepatic sarcoma is poor with a median survival period of 12-16 months. The purpose of this study was to evaluate liver-directed transcatheter therapies for the treatment of hepatic sarcomas. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a retrospective study, the cases of patients with primary and metastatic hepatic sarcoma treated by transcatheter embolization, chemoembolization, and (90)Y radioembolization between 2004 and 2015 were identified...
November 1, 2017: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083217/theory-of-mind-is-related-to-children-s-resource-allocations-in-gender-stereotypic-contexts
#17
Michael T Rizzo, Melanie Killen
The present study investigated the relations between 4- to 6-year-old children's (N = 67) gender stereotypes, resource allocations, and mental state knowledge in gender-stereotypic contexts. Participants were told vignettes about female and male characters completing gender-stereotyped activities (making dolls or trucks). Children held stereotypic expectations regarding doll- and truck-making abilities, and these expectations predicted the degree of bias in their allocations of resources to the characters. Critically, children's performance on a Theory of Mind (ToM) Scale (Diverse Desires [DD], Contents False-Belief [FB], Belief-Emotion [BE]) was significantly related to their allocations of resources to individuals whose effort did not fit existing gender stereotypes (e...
October 30, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075437/chrodis-criteria-applied-to-the-mask-macvia-aria-sentinel-network-good-practice-in-allergic-rhinitis-a-sunfrail-report
#18
REVIEW
J Bousquet, G L Onorato, C Bachert, M Barbolini, A Bedbrook, L Bjermer, J Correia de Sousa, N H Chavannes, A A Cruz, E De Manuel Keenoy, P Devillier, J Fonseca, S Hun, T Kostka, P W Hellings, M Illario, J C Ivancevich, D Larenas-Linnemann, J Millot-Keurinck, D Ryan, B Samolinski, A Sheikh, A Yorgancioglu, I Agache, S Arnavielhe, M Bewick, I Annesi-Maesano, J M Anto, K C Bergmann, C Bindslev-Jensen, S Bosnic-Anticevich, J Bouchard, D P Caimmi, P Camargos, G W Canonica, V Cardona, A M Carriazo, C Cingi, E Colgan, A Custovic, R Dahl, P Demoly, G De Vries, W J Fokkens, J F Fontaine, B Gemicioğlu, N Guldemond, Z Gutter, T Haahtela, B Hellqvist-Dahl, E Jares, G Joos, J Just, N Khaltaev, T Keil, L Klimek, M L Kowalski, I Kull, P Kuna, V Kvedariene, D Laune, R Louis, A Magnan, J Malva, E Mathieu-Dupas, E Melén, E Menditto, M Morais-Almeida, R Mösges, J Mullol, R Murray, H Neffen, R O'Hehir, S Palkonen, N G Papadopoulos, G Passalacqua, J L Pépin, F Portejoie, D Price, B Pugin, F Raciborski, F E R Simons, M Sova, O Spranger, C Stellato, A Todo Bom, P V Tomazic, M Triggiani, A Valero, E Valovirta, O VandenPlas, A Valiulis, M van Eerd, M T Ventura, M Wickman, I Young, T Zuberbier, A Zurkuhlen, A Senn
A Good Practice is a practice that works well, produces good results, and is recommended as a model. MACVIA-ARIA Sentinel Network (MASK), the new Allergic Rhinitis and its Impact on Asthma (ARIA) initiative, is an example of a Good Practice focusing on the implementation of multi-sectoral care pathways using emerging technologies with real life data in rhinitis and asthma multi-morbidity. The European Union Joint Action on Chronic Diseases and Promoting Healthy Ageing across the Life Cycle (JA-CHRODIS) has developed a checklist of 28 items for the evaluation of Good Practices...
2017: Clinical and Translational Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059621/short-term-ozone-exposure-and-asthma-severity-weight-of-evidence-analysis
#19
REVIEW
Julie E Goodman, Ke Zu, Christine T Loftus, Heather N Lynch, Robyn L Prueitt, Isaac Mohar, Sara Pacheco Shubin, Sonja N Sax
To determine whether evidence indicates that short-term exposure to ambient concentrations of ozone in the United States can affect asthma severity, we systematically reviewed published controlled human exposure, epidemiology, and animal toxicity studies. The strongest evidence for a potential causal relationship came from epidemiology studies reporting increased emergency department visits and hospital admissions for asthma following elevated ambient ozone concentrations. However, while controlled exposure studies reported lung function decrements and increased asthma symptoms following high ozone exposures 160-400 parts per billion [ppb]), epidemiology studies evaluating similar outcomes reported less consistent results...
October 20, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057874/signatures-of-the-topological-s-superconducting-order-parameter-in-the-type-ii-weyl-semimetal-t-d-mote2
#20
Z Guguchia, F von Rohr, Z Shermadini, A T Lee, S Banerjee, A R Wieteska, C A Marianetti, B A Frandsen, H Luetkens, Z Gong, S C Cheung, C Baines, A Shengelaya, G Taniashvili, A N Pasupathy, E Morenzoni, S J L Billinge, A Amato, R J Cava, R Khasanov, Y J Uemura
In its orthorhombic T d polymorph, MoTe2 is a type-II Weyl semimetal, where the Weyl fermions emerge at the boundary between electron and hole pockets. Non-saturating magnetoresistance and superconductivity were also observed in T d-MoTe2. Understanding the superconductivity in T d-MoTe2, which was proposed to be topologically non-trivial, is of eminent interest. Here, we report high-pressure muon-spin rotation experiments probing the temperature-dependent magnetic penetration depth in T d-MoTe2. A substantial increase of the superfluid density and a linear scaling with the superconducting critical temperature T c is observed under pressure...
October 20, 2017: Nature Communications
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