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Hugo Souza Bittencourt, Helena França Correia Dos Reis, Melissa Santos Lima, Mansueto Gomes
Non-invasive ventilation (NIV) may perfect respiratory and cardiac performance in patients with heart failure (HF). The objective of the study to establish, through systematic review and meta-analysis, NIV influence on functional capacity of HF patients. A systematic review with meta-analysis of randomized studies was carried out through research of databases of Cochrane Library, SciELO, Pubmed and PEDro, using the key-words: heart failure, non-invasive ventilation, exercise tolerance; and the free terms: bi-level positive airway pressure (BIPAP), continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP), and functional capacity (terms were searched for in English and Portuguese) using the Boolean operators AND and OR...
February 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
Abdolmohammad Kazemipur
In much of the academic debate on the integration of Muslims into Western liberal democracies, Islam is often treated as one or the sole independent variable in the lives of Muslims. Offering to view Islam-or the understanding of Islam among Muslims-as the dependent variable, The Muslim Question in Canada discusses the influence of socioeconomic forces in shaping the Muslim immigrants' opinions, modes of thinking, and even interpretations of their faith. Drawing on this general approach, which is introduced and developed in the book using a variety of both quantitative and qualitative data, this article focuses on a school of thought within the Islamic jurisprudence known as fiqh al-aqalliyyat al-Muslema (the jurisprudence of Muslim minorities)...
November 2016: Canadian Review of Sociology, Revue Canadienne de Sociologie
Débora Raquel Soares Guedes Trigueiro, Sandra Aparecida de Almeida, Aline Aparecida Monroe, Gilka Paiva Oliveira Costa, Valéria Peixoto Bezerra, Jordana de Almeida Nogueira
OBJECTIVE: To graspthe AIDS social representations built by freedom-deprived women. METHOD: Descriptive study with a quali-quantitative approach that involved 174 convicted women in a women's prison in a capital city of the Brazilian northeastern region. Aword-association test was applied in October and November 2014, using AIDS as a stimulus. The corpuswas processed usingIramuteq software. Descending Hierarchical Classification and Correspondence Factor Analysis were applied...
July 2016: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
Ana Maria Miranda Martins Wilson, Maria Angélica Sorgini Peterlini, Mavilde da Luz Gonçalves Pedreira
OBJECTIVES: to obtain information from scientific literature concerning infusion pumps used in administering erythrocyte (red blood cells) and to evaluate the implications in the practical use of this equipment by nurses when conducting transfusions. METHOD: an integrative revision of the following scientific databases: Pubmed/Medline, Scopus, the Virtual Library for Health, SciELO, Web of Science and Cochrane. The following descriptors were used: "infusion pumps", "blood transfusion", "transfused erythrocyte" and "hemolyis"...
August 15, 2016: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
Michelle Hyczy de Siqueira Tosin, Débora Moraes Campos, Leonardo Tadeu de Andrade, Beatriz Guitton Renaud Baptista de Oliveira, Rosimere Ferreira Santana
OBJECTIVE: to perform a cross-term mapping of nursing language in the patient record with the Nursing Interventions Classification system, in rehabilitation patients with Parkinson's disease. METHOD: a documentary research study to perform cross mapping. A probabilistic, simple random sample composed of 67 records of patients with Parkinson's disease who participated in a rehabilitation program, between March of 2009 and April of 2013. The research was conducted in three stages, in which the nursing terms were mapped to natural language and crossed with the Nursing Interventions Classification...
August 8, 2016: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
Felipe de Lucena Moreira Lopes, Fabricio Ferreira Coelho, Jaime Arthur Pirolla Kruger, Gilton Marques Fonseca, Raphael Leonardo Cunha de Araujo, Vagner Birk Jeismann, Paulo Herman
BACKGROUND: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the most frequent type of primary liver cancer and its incidence is increasing around the world in the last decades, making it the third cause of death by cancer in the world. Hepatic resection is one of the most effective treatments for HCC with five-year survival rates from 50-70%, especially for patients with a single nodule and preserved liver function. Some studies have shown a worse prognosis for HCC patients whose etiology is viral...
April 2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
Guilherme Naccache Namur, Thiago Costa Ribeiro, Marcelo M Souto, Estela Regina Ramos Figueira, Telesforo Bacchella, Ricardo Jureidini
BACKGROUND: Solid pseudopapillary pancreatic neoplasia is usually a large well-circumscribed pancreatic mass, with cystic and solid areas more frequently found in young women. It is a benign pancreatic neoplasia in most cases, therefore minimally invasive surgery could be an interesting approach. AIM: Evaluate the results of minimally invasive surgery for this neoplasia. METHODS: Patients with this tumor who underwent minimally invasive pancreatectomies between 2009 and 2015 in a single institution, were analyzed regarding demographic, clinical-pathological futures, post-operative morbidity and disease-free survival...
April 2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
Francisca Tatiana Moreira Pereira, Eduardo Arrais Rocha, Marcelo de Paula Martins Monteiro, Neiberg de Alcantara Lima, Carlos Roberto Martins Rodrigues Sobrinho, Roberto da Justa Pires Neto
BACKGROUND: The outcome of Chagas disease patients after receiving implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) is still controversial. OBJECTIVE: To compare clinical outcomes after ICD implantation in patients with chronic Chagas cardiomyopathy (CCC) and ischemic heart disease (IHD). METHODS: Prospective study of a population of 153 patients receiving ICD (65 with CCC and 88 with IHD). The devices were implanted between 2003 and 2011. Survival rates and event-free survival were compared...
August 2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
Francisca Marina de Souza Freire Furtado, José Anderson Galdino Santos, Stedile Loredanna, Eunice Araújo, Ana Alayde Werba Saldanha, Josevânia da Silva
In the 30 years of the AIDS pandemic in Brazil, it is recognized the HIV virus internalization of the phenomenon as a challenge to care and current health policies. In this sense, it aimed to verify sex practices and social representations that rural towns residents have about the disease. Attended by 789 people, men and women, between 18 and 90 years old, residents in 41 towns with fewer than 11,000 inhabitants in the state of Paraiba / Brazil. Data were collected by a questionnaire and the free association of words test...
June 2016: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
Claus Priesner
This paper explores the relationship between three illustrated alchemical treatises, all of which are associated with Jewish adepts: the famous Le Livre des figures hieroglyphiques attributed to Nicolas Flamel, and two treatises published in 1735 in Erfurt-the Uraltes Chymisches Werckh and the Donum Dei. The Werckh is supposedly written by Rabbi Abraham Eleazar, while the Donum Dei is attributed to an ancient alchemist-cabalist, Rabbi Samuel Baruch. I argue that these authors are fictitious, and that both works were in fact written in the early eighteenth century by their supposed editor, the probably pseudonymous Julius Gervasius...
February 2016: Ambix
José Wilson Benevides de Mesquita, Davy Bruno Machado, Dárcio Jânio Macedo, Diego Fonseca Cordeiro, Eurivaldo Valente de Brito, Marcelo Leite Vieira Costa
OBJECTIVE: to evaluate the profile of morbidity and mortality and its predictors related to extensive pelvic resections, including pelvic exenteration, to optimize the selection of patients and achieve better surgical results. METHODS: we performed 24 major resections for anorectal pelvic malignancy from 2008 to 2015 in the Instituto do Câncer do Ceará. The factors analyzed included age, weight loss, resected organs, total versus posterior exenteration, angiolymphatic and perineural invasion, lymph node metastasis and overall and disease-free survival...
March 2016: Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões
Ana Luís, Fiona Lickorish, Simon Pollard
Integrated, long-term risk management in the water sector is poorly developed. Whilst scenario planning has been applied to singular issues (e.g. climate change), it often misses a link to risk management because the likelihood of impacts in the long-term are frequently unaccounted for in these analyses. Here we apply the morphological approach to scenario development for a case study utility, Empresa Portuguesa das Águas Livres (EPAL). A baseline portfolio of strategic risks threatening the achievement of EPAL's corporate objectives was evolved through the lens of three future scenarios, 'water scarcity', 'financial resource scarcity' and 'strong economic growth', built on drivers such as climate, demographic, economic, regulatory and technological changes and validated through a set of expert workshops...
January 1, 2016: Water Research
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1985: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
Styliani A Geronikolou
Gout is a common lifestyle disease and was identified by Hippocrates in the fifth century BC although the condition was known ancient Egypt some two millennia earlier. The pharmaceutical suggestions described in a recently edited manuscript, the oldest known medical manuscript of the Arab world, is presented, here for the first time. It is entitled Treatise on Gout by Rhazes, the greatest of Arab clinicians, and was written in the late 9th or early 10th century. Rhazes' pharmaceutics are presented in descriptive tables and their components are also compared with other recipes from manuscripts of the Galen and a recently edited medieval Syrian manuscript of Le Livre des simples (Tables 1-2)...
2014: Vesalius: Acta Internationales Historiae Medicinae
Lesley Wood
The book Direct Action, Deliberation and Diffusion: Collective Action After the WTO Protests in Seattle argues that the process of diffusion is dependent on social processes in the receiving context. The most important in social movements is an egalitarian and reflexive deliberation among diverse actors. The book traces the direct action tactics associated with the Seattle protests against the World Trade Organization in 1999 and how these spread to activists in Toronto and New York City. It shows how the structure of the political field, racial and class inequalities, identity boundaries, and organizational and conversational dynamics limited deliberation among activists, and thus limited the diffusion of the Seattle tactics...
February 2015: Canadian Review of Sociology, Revue Canadienne de Sociologie
Gianfranco Cervellin, Laura Bonfanti, Alessandra Picanza, Giuseppe Lippi
Background: D-dimer values are frequently increased in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) compared to subjects in sinus rhythm. Hypokalemia plays a role in several cardiovascular diseases, but little is known about the association with AF. Objective: D-dimer values are frequently increased in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) compared with subjects in sinus rhythm. Hypokalemia plays a role in several cardiovascular diseases, but little is known about the association with AF. The aim of this study was to investigate correlations between D-dimer and serum potassium in acute-onset AF (AAF)...
December 9, 2014: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1989: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
I M L Donaldson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2011: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh
Christian Warolin
In the seventeenth century, Antoine Brulon, originally from the Auvergne, had a particularly prosperous career. He acquired a privilege as apothecary and was syndic for the Society of royal and princely apothecaries. He spent his whole life in the Rue Saint-Honoré where he practised pharmacy in his status of privileged apothecary. In 1651 he bought a house close to the Quinze-Vingts hospital, and the following year he married Anne de Furnes, the daughter of a lawyer. In 1658 he bought three old houses on the Rue Saint-Thomas-du-Louvre, soon selling two of them to Louis-Henry Daquin, doctor in ordinary to the king...
April 2009: Revue D'histoire de la Pharmacie
Naoë Kukita Yoshikawa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2009: Medical History
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