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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535098/ball-contact-injuries-in-11-national-collegiate-athletic-association-sports-the-injury-surveillance-program-2009-2010-through-2014-2015
#1
Melissa A Fraser, Dustin R Grooms, Kevin M Guskiewicz, Zachary Y Kerr
CONTEXT:   Surveillance data regarding injuries caused by ball contact in collegiate athletes have not been well examined and are mostly limited to discussions of concussions and catastrophic injuries. OBJECTIVE:   To describe the epidemiology of ball-contact injuries in 11 National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) sports during the 2009-2010 through 2014-2015 academic years. DESIGN:   Descriptive epidemiology study. SETTING:   Convenience sample of NCAA programs in 11 sports (men's football, women's field hockey, women's volleyball, men's baseball, women's softball, men's and women's basketball, men's and women's lacrosse, and men's and women's soccer) during the 2009-2010 through 2014-2015 academic years...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533593/effects-of-repeated-vibratory-stimulation-of-wrist-and-elbow-flexors-on-hand-dexterity-strength-and-sensory-function-in-patients-with-chronic-stroke-a-pilot-study
#2
Won-Ho Choi
[Purpose] The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of repeated vibratory stimulation to muscles related to hand functions on dexterity, strength, and sensory function in patients with chronic stroke. [Subjects and Methods] A total of 10 stroke patients with hemiplegia participated in this study. They were divided into two groups: a) Experimental and b) Control, with five randomly selected subjects for each group. The experimental group received vibratory stimulation, while the control group received the traditional physical therapy...
April 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533002/the-radial-aspect-of-the-distal-radial-metaphysis-diaphysis-as-a-source-of-cortical-bone-graft
#3
REVIEW
Steven Regal, Aakash Chauhan, Peter Tang
Cortical bone grafting is commonly required in the finger, hand, and carpus when managing bony trauma. A donor site that can provide a small or large amount of cortical bone graft that is easily accessible and within the same surgical field would be the ideal donor site. In high-energy injuries, a long cortical graft may be needed to reconstruct massive bony defects. In low-energy injuries such as scaphoid nonunions in which a wedge graft is needed, a reliable and easily accessible source of bone grafting would be beneficial...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529473/complete-locked-in-and-locked-in-patients-command-following-assessment-and-communication-with-vibro-tactile-p300-and-motor-imagery-brain-computer-interface-tools
#4
Christoph Guger, Rossella Spataro, Brendan Z Allison, Alexander Heilinger, Rupert Ortner, Woosang Cho, Vincenzo La Bella
Many patients with locked-in syndrome (LIS) or complete locked-in syndrome (CLIS) also need brain-computer interface (BCI) platforms that do not rely on visual stimuli and are easy to use. We investigate command following and communication functions of mindBEAGLE with 9 LIS, 3 CLIS patients and three healthy controls. This tests were done with vibro-tactile stimulation with 2 or 3 stimulators (VT2 and VT3 mode) and with motor imagery (MI) paradigms. In VT2 the stimulators are fixed on the left and right wrist and the participant has the task to count the stimuli on the target hand in order to elicit a P300 response...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528627/physical-risk-factors-identification-based-on-body-sensor-network-combined-to-videotaping
#5
Nicolas Vignais, Fabien Bernard, Gérard Touvenot, Jean-Claude Sagot
The aim of this study was to perform an ergonomic analysis of a material handling task by combining a subtask video analysis and a RULA computation, implemented continuously through a motion capture system combining inertial sensors and electrogoniometers. Five workers participated to the experiment. Seven inertial measurement units, placed on the worker's upper body (pelvis, thorax, head, arms, forearms), were implemented through a biomechanical model of the upper body to continuously provide trunk, neck, shoulder and elbow joint angles...
May 18, 2017: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514129/-hand-injuries-in-rock-climbers
#6
REVIEW
Hagay Orbach, Guy Rubin, Alejandro Wolovelsky, Micha Rinott, Uriel Giwnewer, Nimrod Rozen
Rock climbing, whether practiced in nature on cliffs and boulders or indoors on walls made of resin and wood, has gained tremendous popularity in recent decades. More people are exposed to injuries associated with the unique biomechanical forces of rock climbing. A series of repetitive high torque movements of the upper limbs are needed to ascend a wall or rockface. These movements subject the hand and wrist to large forces, potentially resulting in ligament and tendon sprains or rupture and even bone fracture...
July 2016: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511689/harnessing-interactive-technologies-to-improve-health-outcomes-in-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis
#7
REVIEW
Andrea Coda, Dean Sculley, Derek Santos, Xavier Girones, Lucie Brosseau, Derek R Smith, Joshua Burns, Keith Rome, Jane Munro, Davinder Singh-Grewal
BACKGROUND: Children and adolescents with Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (JIA) typically have reduced physical activity level and impaired aerobic and anaerobic exercise capacity when compared to their non-JIA counterparts. Low intensity exercise regimens appear to be safe in children with JIA and may results in improvements in overall physical function. Poor adherence to paediatric rheumatology treatment may lead to negative clinical outcomes and possibly increased disease activity. This includes symptoms such as pain, fatigue, quality of life, longer term outcomes including joint damage, as well as increase of healthcare associated costs...
May 16, 2017: Pediatric Rheumatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511611/arthroscopic-assisted-resection-of-triangular-fibrocartilage-complex-lesions-a-19-year-follow-up
#8
Endre Soreide, Jan-Ragnar Haugstvedt, Torstein Husby
BACKGROUND: This study assesses long-term functional and subjective outcomes following arthroscopic assisted resection of lesions of the triangular fibrocartilage complex (TFCC). METHODS: Functional and subjective outcomes were assessed based on review of patient charts for patient demographic characteristics, comprehensive clinical evaluation, obtained radiographs, and patient-reported questionnaires. RESULTS: Fifteen patients, of whom 9 were female, and 10 dominant wrists, were included in this study...
May 1, 2017: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511227/tenosynovitis-evaluation-using-image-fusion-and-b-flow-a-pilot-study-on-new-imaging-techniques-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-patients
#9
Mads Ammitzbøll-Danielsen, Daniel Glinatsi, Søren Torp-Pedersen, Jacob M Møller, Esperanza Naredo, Mikkel Ostergaard, Lene Terslev
Aim The aim of this study was to compare the assessment of tenosynovitis by ultrasound (US) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) using the image fusion technique and to investigate whether US B-flow imaging (BFI) is an alternative to Doppler US when assessing tenosynovitis. Materials and Methods 15 patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) had US-verified tenosynovitis in the wrist/hand. An MRI was performed of the wrist/hand with subsequent repeated US and image fusion. Images were compared in three steps: 1...
May 16, 2017: Ultraschall in der Medizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507968/posttraumatic-static-volar-intercalated-segment-instability-iatrogenic-or-missed-injury
#10
Vishnu Senthil, Imthias V Kottamttavide, Hitesh Shah
INTRODUCTION: Carpal instability is broad category consisting of various patterns of injury, with dissociative type more common. CASE REPORT: A 13 -year -old boy presented at 6 months following a fall with restriction of wrist movements. Patient had sustained a closed distal one -third both bones fracture forearm fixed with K -wire, and volar lunate instability was found during sequential follow -up. CONCLUSION: Posttraumatic carpal instability should be identified at the earliest to avoid poor hand function and morbidity associated with it...
November 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506176/neurolysis-with-amniotic-membrane-nerve-wrapping-for-treatment-of-secondary-wartenberg-syndrome-a-preliminary-report
#11
Michael P Gaspar, Patrick M Kane, Michael M Vosbikian, Constantinos Ketonis, Mark S Rekant
BACKGROUND: Entrapment of the superficial sensory branch of the radial nerve (SRN) commonly results in debilitating pain of the dorsoradial wrist. Symptom relief following SRN neurolysis is often incomplete or temporary due to recurrent perineural scarring. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review with prospective follow-up of all patients with SRN neuropathy who were treated with neurolysis and nerve wrapping using an amnion-based allograft adhesion barrier over a one-year interval...
June 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery Asian-Pacific Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506146/the-impact-of-shoulder-abduction-loading-on-volitional-hand-opening-and-grasping-in-chronic-hemiparetic-stroke
#12
Yiyun Lan, Jun Yao, Julius P A Dewald
BACKGROUND: Up to 60% of individuals with moderate to severe chronic hemiparetic stroke experience excessive involuntary wrist/finger flexion that constrains functional hand movements including hand opening. It's not known how stroke-induced brain injury impacts volitional hand opening and grasping forces as a result of the expression of abnormal coupling between shoulder abduction and wrist/finger flexion or the flexion synergy. OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study is to understand how shoulder abduction loading affects volitional hand opening and grasping forces in individuals with moderate to severe chronic hemiparetic stroke...
June 2017: Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505986/combined-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-and-robotic-upper-limb-therapy-improves-upper-limb-function-in-an-adult-with-cerebral-palsy
#13
Kathleen M Friel, Peter Lee, Lindsey V Soles, Ana R P Smorenburg, Hsing-Ching Kuo, Dylan J Edwards
BACKGROUND: Robotic therapy can improve upper limb function in hemiparesis. Excitatory transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) can prime brain motor circuits before therapy. OBJECTIVE: We tested safety and efficacy of tDCS plus robotic therapy in an adult with unilateral spastic cerebral palsy (USCP). METHODS: In each of 36 sessions, anodal tDCS (2 mA, 20 min) was applied over the motor map of the affected hand. Immediately after tDCS, the participant completed robotic therapy, using the shoulder, elbow, and wrist (MIT Manus)...
May 10, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504464/skeletal-maturity-of-the-hand-in-an-east-african-group-from-sudan
#14
Fadil Elamin, Nihal Abdelazeem, Ahmed Elamin, Duaa Saif, Helen M Liversidge
OBJECTIVES: Studies of skeletal maturity from Africa indicate a delay, reflected in a negative relative skeletal age (RSA). This study aims to evaluate the influence of age, socioeconomic status (SES) and nutritional status on skeletal maturation in a large sample of children from North Sudan. MATERIALS: The sample consisted 665 males and 1018 females from 3-25 years from Khartoum. Height, weight, age of menarche and, SES were recorded of patients attending for dental treatment...
May 15, 2017: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503289/the-three-portal-technique-in-arthroscopic-lateral-epicondylitis-release
#15
Ashok Gowda, Gannon Kennedy, Stacey Gallacher, Jennie Garver, Theodore Blaine
Lateral epicondylitis, commonly referred to as tennis elbow, is a syndrome characterized by pain over the origin of the common extensor muscles of the fingers, hand and wrist at the lateral epicondyle. Reports of 70-90% response to conservative treatment at one year have been documented in the literature though refractory cases often require surgical management. Arthroscopic treatment of lateral epicondylitis allows for intra-articular visualization for concomitant pathology and localization of the Extensor Carpi Radialis Brevis tendon...
November 17, 2016: Orthopedic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497965/residues-of-alpha-helix-h3-determine-distinctive-features-of-transforming-growth-factor-%C3%AE-3
#16
Shahid M Nayeem, Francesco Oteri, Marc Baaden, Shashank Deep
Transforming growth factors (TGF-βs) are proteins that regulate cell growth by binding to their receptors. TGF-βs are disulfide-linked homo-dimers of 112-residue monomers. Three subtypes of TGF-β are known to be present in human namely TGF-β1, TGF-β2 and TGF-β3. The isoforms are highly similar in terms of their sequences (Figure 1), with TGF-β2 and TGF-β3 sharing 92 % similarity, TGF-β1 and TGF-β3 sharing 87%, and TGF-β1 and TGF-β2 sharing 86%(1). Monomers of TGF-βs are structurally homologous...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491895/pyogenic-arthritis-of-the-fingers-and-the-wrist-can-we-shorten-antimicrobial-treatment-duration
#17
Rahel Meier, Thomas Wirth, Frederik Hahn, Esther Vögelin, Parham Sendi
BACKGROUND: Pyogenic arthritis of the small joints of the hand and wrist is a known but poorly described entity. The objective of this work was to characterize the clinical presentation, antimicrobial treatment, and surgical interventions of native small joint arthritis (SJA) treated in our tertiary center. METHODS: According to predefined variables, medical records of adult patients with SJA treated in a Swiss university hospital between 2005 and 2013 were retrospectively analyzed...
2017: Open Forum Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490195/the-takei-handheld-dynamometer-an-effective-clinical-outcome-measure-tool-for-hand-and-wrist-function-in-boxing
#18
Ian Gatt, Sophie Smith-Moore, Charlie Steggles, Mike Loosemore
BACKGROUND: The aim of this article was to explore retrospectively the Takei dynamometer as a valid and reliable outcome measure tool for hand and wrist pathology in the Great Britain amateur boxing squad between 2010 and 2014. METHODS: Longitudinal retrospective injury surveillance of the Great Britain boxing squad was performed from 2010 to 2014. The location, region affected, description, and duration of each injury were recorded by the team doctor and team physiotherapists...
May 1, 2017: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488837/allometric-associations-between-body-size-shape-and-100-m-butterfly-speed-performance
#19
Senda Sammoud, Alan M Nevill, Yassine Negra, Raja Bouguezzi, Helmi Chaabene, Younés Hachana
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to estimate the optimal body size, limb--segment length, and girth or breadth ratios associated with 100--m butterfly speed performance in swimmers. METHODS: One--hundred--sixty-seven swimmers as subjects (male: n=103; female: n=64). Anthropometric measurements comprised height, body--mass, skinfolds, arm-span, upper--limb--length, upper--arm, forearm, hand--lengths, lower--limb--length, thigh--length, leg--length, foot--length, arm--relaxed--girth, forearm--girth, wrist--girth, thigh--girth, calf--girth, ankle--girth, biacromial and biiliocristal--breadths...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487101/epidemiology-of-extremity-fractures-in-the-netherlands
#20
M S H Beerekamp, R J O de Muinck Keizer, N W L Schep, D T Ubbink, M J M Panneman, J C Goslings
INTRODUCTION: Insight in epidemiologic data of extremity fractures is relevant to identify people at risk. By analyzing age- and gender specific fracture incidence and treatment patterns we may adjust future policy, take preventive measures and optimize health care management. Current epidemiologic data on extremity fractures and their treatment are scarce, outdated or aiming at a small spectrum of fractures. The aim of this study was to assess trends in incidence and treatment of extremity fractures between 2004 and 2012 in relation to gender and age...
April 24, 2017: Injury
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