keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Hand and wrist

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431182/joint-positions-matter-for-ultrasound-examination-of-ra-patients-increased-power-doppler-signal-in-neutral-versus-flat-position-of-hands
#1
Rusmir Husic, Angelika Lackner, Martin H Stradner, Josef Hermann, Christian Dejaco
Objective.: Position of joints might influence the result of US examination in patients with RA. The purpose of this work was to compare grey-scale (GS) and power Doppler (PWD) findings obtained in neutral vs flat position of hands. Methods.: A cross-sectional study of 42 RA patients with active disease. Two dimensional and 3D sonography of wrists and MCP joints were conducted in two different joint positions: neutral position, which is a slight flexion of the fingers with relaxed extensor muscles; and flat position, where all palm and volar sides of fingers touch the Table...
April 18, 2017: Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430896/evidence-of-secular-trend-in-mandibular-pubertal-growth
#2
Raphael Patcas, Daniel B Wiedemeier, Goran Markic, Philipp Beit, Heidi Keller
Background: During puberty, mandibular growth follows a growth curve comparable to somatic growth. This study aimed to review the relationship between mandibular pubertal peak height velocity (PHV) and skeletal age, and to investigate the possibility of a secular trend. Methods: Retrospective analysis was performed of two historical craniofacial growth studies (Denver Growth Study; observational time: 1943-1965, and Zurich Growth Study; observational time: 1982-1984) of healthy untreated subjects...
April 20, 2017: European Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428911/early-rehabilitation-of-distal-radius-fractures-stabilized-by-volar-locking-plate-a-prospective-randomized-pilot-study
#3
Stefan Quadlbauer, Christoph Pezzei, Josef Jurkowitsch, Brigitta Kolmayr, Tina Keuchel, Daniel Simon, Thomas Hausner, Martin Leixnering
Background Distal radius fractures are very common and an increased incidence of 50% is estimated by 2030. Therefore, both operative and postsurgical treatment remains pertinent. Main aim in treating intra-articular fractures is to restore the articular surface by internal fixation and early mobilization (EM). Questions/Purposes The purpose of this study was to compare functional results between EM immediately after surgery and 5 weeks of immobilization (IM). Patients and Methods In a randomized prospective study, 30 patients with an isolated distal radius fracture were treated by open reduction and internal fixation using a single volar locking plate excluding bone graft...
May 2017: Journal of Wrist Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422662/use-of-accelerometers-in-the-control-of-practical-prosthetic-arms
#4
Peter Kyberd, Adrian Poulton
Accelerometers can be used to augment the control of powered prosthetic arms. They can detect the orientation of the joint and limb and the controller can correct for the amount of torque required to move the limb. They can also be used to create a platform, with a fixed orientation relative to gravity for the object held in the hand. This paper describes three applications for this technology, in a powered wrist and powered arm. By adding sensors to the arm making these data available to the controller, the input from the user can be made simpler...
April 12, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421607/laterality-and-grip-strength-influence-hand-bone-micro-architecture-in-modern-humans-an-hrpqct-study
#5
Nicolas Reina, Etienne Cavaignac, William H Trousdale, Jean-Michel Laffosse, José Braga
It is widely hypothesized that mechanical loading, specifically repetitive low-intensity tasks, influences the inner structure of cancellous bone. As such, there is likely a relationship between handedness and bone morphology. The aim of this study is to determine patterns in trabecular bone between dominant and non-dominant hands in modern humans. Seventeen healthy patients between 22 and 32 years old were included in the study. Radial carpal bones (lunate, capitate, scaphoid, trapezium, trapezoid, 1st, 2nd and 3rd metacarpals) were analyzed with high-resolution micro-computed tomography...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421179/synergy-based-bilateral-port-a-universal-control-module-for-tele-manipulation-frameworks-using-asymmetric-master-slave-systems
#6
Anais Brygo, Ioannis Sarakoglou, Giorgio Grioli, Nikos Tsagarakis
Endowing tele-manipulation frameworks with the capability to accommodate a variety of robotic hands is key to achieving high performances through permitting to flexibly interchange the end-effector according to the task considered. This requires the development of control policies that not only cope with asymmetric master-slave systems but also whose high-level components are designed in a unified space in abstraction from the devices specifics. To address this dual challenge, a novel synergy port is developed that resolves the kinematic, sensing, and actuation asymmetries of the considered system through generating motion and force feedback references in the hardware-independent hand postural synergy space...
2017: Frontiers in Bioengineering and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420906/comparison-of-ultrasound-and-ultrasound-plus-nerve-stimulator-guidance-axillary-plexus-block
#7
Gokhan Demirelli, Semih Baskan, Isil Karabeyoglu, Ismail Aytac, Dilsen Hatice Ornek, Alper Erdogmus, Mustafa Baydar
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the characteristics of axillary plexus blockade applied using ultrasound only and using ultrasound together with nerve stimulator in patients undergoing planned forearm, wrist or hand surgery. METHODS: This randomised, prospective, double-blinded, single-centre study was conducted at Ankara Numune Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey, from November 2014 to August 2015, and comprised patients undergoing forearm, wrist or hand surgery...
April 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420375/silent-progression-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-is-das28-remission-an-insufficient-goal-in-ra-results-from-the-german-remission-plus-cohort
#8
Philipp Sewerin, Stefan Vordenbaeumen, Annika Hoyer, Ralph Brinks, Christian Buchbender, Falk Miese, Christoph Schleich, Sabine Klein, Matthias Schneider, Benedikt Ostendorf
BACKGROUND: Remission is arguably the ultimate therapeutic goal in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Applying modern strategies, clinical remission can be achieved in a substantial number of patients with early RA (ERA). Even in those patients, the number and scope of erosions can increase. We, therefore, investigated the value of MRI for the detection of radiological progression in patients with DAS28 improvement and/or clinical remission of the German Remission-plus cohort. METHODS: Data-sets of 80 RA patients (according to 2010 ACR/EULAR criteria) from the Remission-plus study cohort, who fulfilled the following criteria, were retrospectively analysed: availability of two consecutive MRI scans (low-field MRI, follow-up interval 1 year) of the clinically dominant hand and wrist, and the presence of DAS28 (CRP) scores at both time points, which was used to assess disease activity...
April 19, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420129/hand-motion-detection-in-fnirs-neuroimaging-data
#9
Mohammadreza Abtahi, Amir Mohammad Amiri, Dennis Byrd, Kunal Mankodiya
As the number of people diagnosed with movement disorders is increasing, it becomes vital to design techniques that allow the better understanding of human brain in naturalistic settings. There are many brain imaging methods such as fMRI, SPECT, and MEG that provide the functional information of the brain. However, these techniques have some limitations including immobility, cost, and motion artifacts. One of the most emerging portable brain scanners available today is functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS)...
April 15, 2017: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417701/survey-of-hand-surgeons-and-therapists-perceptions-of-the-benefit-of-common-surgical-procedures-of-the-hand
#10
Olli V Leppänen, Jarkko Jokihaara, Esa Jämsen, Teemu Karjalainen
OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this survey were (1) to study if surgeons' perceptions of the benefit of six surgical procedures differ if they consider themselves as patients instead of treating a patient, (2) to evaluate the role of five predetermined factors that may influence decision-making, and (3) to assess how uniformly hand surgeons and hand therapists perceive the benefits of the surgical treatments. METHODS: The members of the national societies for Hand Surgery and Hand Therapy were asked to participate in the survey...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415868/-epidemiological-data-of-hungarian-skiers-and-snowboarders-medical-problems
#11
Péter Felkai, Ingrid Lengyel, Miklós Szokoly, Gábor Forgó
INTRODUCTION AND AIM: There are no high mountains or any advantageous circumstances for winter sports in Hungary, yet within the 10 million population there are about half a million people (the exact number is 550,000) who tend to go for skiing or snowboarding abroad. Authors compared the injury statistical data with results described in the international literature in order to develop conclusions about the differences in the injury patterns and frequency between the Hungarian ones' and those found in countries with plenty of winter sport possibilities...
April 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413989/anatomical-wrist-patterns-on-plain-radiographs
#12
Aviv Kramer, Raviv Allon, Alon Wolf, Tal Kalaiman, Idit Lavi, Ronit Wollstein
BACKGROUND: Interpreting the structure in the wrist is complicated by the existence of multiple joints as well as variability in bone shapes and anatomical patterns. Previous studies have evaluated lunate and capitate shape in an attempt to understand functional anatomical patterns. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to describe anatomical shapes and wrist patterns in normal wrist radiographs. We hypothesized that there is a significant relationship in the midcarpal joint with at least one consistent pattern of wrist anatomy...
April 17, 2017: Current Rheumatology Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411487/the-relationship-of-corticospinal-excitability-with-pain-motor-performance-and-disability-in-subjects-with-chronic-wrist-hand-pain
#13
René Pelletier, Johanne Higgins, Daniel Bourbonnais
There is a growing body of evidence of changes in corticospinal excitability associated with musculoskeletal disorders, however there is a lack of knowledge of how these changes relate to measures of pain, motor performance and disability. An exploratory study was performed utilizing Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation to investigate differences in corticospinal excitability in the Abductor Pollicis Brevis (APB) between 15 pain-free subjects and 15 subjects with chronic wrist/hand pain and to determine how corticospinal excitability was associated with measures of pain (visual analog scale, AUSCAN™), hand motor performance (isometric and key pinch strength, Purdue Pegboard Test), disability (AUSCAN™), and spinal motoneuronal excitability...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411349/effect-of-low-appendicular-lean-mass-grip-strength-and-gait-speed-on-the-functional-outcome-after-surgery-for-distal-radius-fractures
#14
Young Hak Roh, Jung Ho Noh, Hyun Sik Gong, Goo Hyun Baek
Patients with low appendicular lean mass plus slow gait speed or weak grip strength are at risk for poor functional recovery after surgery for distal radius fracture, even when they have similar radiologic outcomes. INTRODUCTION: Loss of skeletal muscle mass and consequent loss in muscle function associate with aging, and this condition negatively impacts the activities of daily living and increases elderly individuals' frailty to falls. Thus, patients with low appendicular lean mass would show different functional recovery compared to those without this condition after surgery for distal radius fracture (DRF)...
December 2017: Archives of Osteoporosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410937/proximal-row-carpectomy-and-4-corner-arthrodesis-in-patients-younger-than-age%C3%A2-45-years
#15
Eric R Wagner, Jean-David Werthel, Bassem T Elhassan, Steven L Moran
PURPOSE: To examine the long-term outcome of patients aged less than 45 years who underwent either proximal row carpectomy (PRC) or 4-corner arthrodesis (4CA) for wrist arthritis. METHODS: We reviewed a retrospective cohort of 89 patients aged less than 45 years who underwent either 4CA (n = 51) or PRC (n = 38) for wrist arthritis. Mean follow-up was 11 years in the 4CA group and 18 years in the PRC group. RESULTS: Overall, there were no differences between groups in the need for revision surgery...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410110/portable-and-reconfigurable-wrist-robot-improves-hand-function-for-post-stroke-subjects
#16
Kang Xiang Khor, Patrick Jun Hua Chin, Che Fai Yeong, Eileen Lee Ming Su, Aqilah Leela T Narayanan, Hisyam Abdul Rahman, Qamer Iqbal Khan
Rehabilitation robots have become increasingly popular for stroke rehabilitation. However, the high cost of robots hampers their implementation on a large scale. This study implements the concept of a modular and reconfigurable robot, reducing its cost and size by adopting different therapeutic end effectors for different training movements using a single robot. The challenge is to increase the robot's portability and identify appropriate kinds of modular tools and configurations. Because literature on the effectiveness of this kind of rehabilitation robot is still scarce, this paper presents the design of a portable and reconfigurable rehabilitation robot and describes its use with a group of post-stroke patients for wrist and forearm training...
April 7, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409102/dry-arthroscopic-excision-of-dorsal-wrist-ganglion
#17
Jason Gray, Todd Zuhlke, Shane Eizember, Ramesh Srinivasan
Ganglions are common soft tissue masses of the hand. High recurrence rates are associated with nonsurgical treatment; thus, excision is often indicated. Arthroscopic excision and open excision have similar recurrence rates; however, the latter is associated with prolonged healing time and increased scarring. Recently, dry wrist arthroscopic techniques have been used. This technique allows easier confirmation of complete ganglion removal, easier conversion to open surgery, earlier return of motion, and stitch-less closure when compared with traditional "wet" arthroscopic excision...
February 2017: Arthroscopy Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408875/apas-constraints-to-voluntary-movements-the-case-for-limb-movements-coupling
#18
REVIEW
Fausto G Baldissera, Luigi Tesio
When rhythmically moving two limbs in either the same or in opposite directions, one coupling mode meets constraints that are absent in the other mode. Isodirectional (ISO) flexion-extensions of the ipsilateral hand and foot can be easily performed with either the hand prone or supine. Instead, antidirectional (ANTI) movements require attentive effort and irresistibly tend to reverse into ISO when frequency increases. Experimental evidence indicates that the direction dependent easy-difficult dichotomy is caused by interference of the anticipatory postural commands associated to movements of one limb with voluntary commands to the other limb...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400897/postsurgical-pyoderma-gangrenosum-following-carpal-tunnel-release-a-rare-disease-following-a-common-surgery
#19
Michael R Ruebhausen, Shaun D Mendenhall, Michael W Neumeister, Nada N Berry
Objective: Postsurgical pyoderma gangrenosum is a rare but potentially devastating condition for surgical patients. While pyoderma gangrenosum has 2 subtypes, typical and atypical, each can be further classified by its heralding features. These include ulcerative, pustular, bullous, and vegetative. The presentation can be a result of trauma or, as mentioned before, postsurgical. The plastic and reconstructive surgeon most likely will encounter postsurgical pyoderma gangrenosum in practice, as it has been reported in patient populations frequently seen in plastic surgery clinics...
2017: Eplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399930/radiographic-damage-in-hands-and-wrists-of-patients-with-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-after-29%C3%A2-years-of-disease-duration
#20
Anne M Selvaag, Eva Kirkhus, Lena Törnqvist, Vibke Lilleby, Hanne A Aulie, Berit Flatø
BACKGROUND: There are few studies on radiographic outcome after long-term disease duration in juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). We wanted to evaluate 29-year radiographic outcome in hands/wrists and predictors of damage in patients with long-term active JIA. METHODS: Patients diagnosed from 1980 to 1985, who had active disease at 15-, 23- or 29-year follow-up and arthritis in the wrists during the disease course, were reexamined with radiographs of hands/wrists...
April 11, 2017: Pediatric Rheumatology Online Journal
keyword
keyword
82094
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"