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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675505/locking-dorsal-plate-in-four-bone-arthrodesis-in-slac-and-snac-3-wrist
#1
Simona Odella, Amos M Querenghi, Francesco M Locatelli, Ugo Dacatra, Elia Creta, Pierluigi Tos
Purpose  The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness and the safety of performing a four-bone arthrodesis (FBA) with dorsal locking plate in patients suffering from stage III scapholunate advanced collapse/scaphoid nonunion advance collapse (SLAC/SNAC) wrist. Methods  We evaluated retrospectively 20 patients surgically treated by a FBA with the use of locking dorsal plate. All the patients were clinically evaluated at follow-up for grip strength, range of motion, and pain (visual analog scale), and with the Disability of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand score and the Mayo wrist score...
March 2018: Joints
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669393/by-one-s-own-hand
#2
John B Miller, Alan N Baer
A 23-year-old man presented with digital ischemia in both hands after injecting buprenorphine into his wrists. The injected material was prepared by dissolving a tablet of buprenorphine in water and pulling the milky solution through cotton into a syringe. In the absence of accessible superficial veins in his forearms or hands, the patient routinely relied on veins in his volar wrists for vascular access. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
April 18, 2018: Arthritis & Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668314/ultrasonography-in-determining-pubertal-growth-and-bone-age
#3
Kubra Agirman Torenek, Ozkan Miloglu, Osman Murat Bilge
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the compatibility of ultrasonographic data with hand-wrist radiographs taken to determine the extent of pubertal growth and bone age in patients and investigate the usability of ionizing radiation-free ultrasonography instead of conventional radiography. METHODS: In this study, a total of 120 children from 10 to 17 years old (mean age was 168 months ± 27.5 months) were treated with routine radiographs before orthodontic treatment, and ultrasonographic imaging was performed on the wrists the same day...
April 18, 2018: Dento Maxillo Facial Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667850/a-survey-of-fellowship-trained-upper-extremity-surgeons-on-treatment-of-lateral-epicondylitis
#4
Steven R Niedermeier, Nisha Crouser, Amy Speeckaert, Kanu S Goyal
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study is to investigate current management strategies for lateral epicondylitis by fellowship-trained upper extremity surgeons. METHODS: A 17-question survey of treatment approaches and outcomes related to lateral epicondylitis was sent to 3354 surgeons using the American Society for Surgery of the Hand and American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons member databases. RESULTS: Six hundred twelve upper extremity surgeons completed the survey...
April 1, 2018: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664849/association-between-distal-radial-fracture-malunion-and-patient-reported-activity-limitations-a-long-term-follow-up
#5
Muhanned Ali, Elisabeth Brogren, Philippe Wagner, Isam Atroshi
BACKGROUND: The long-term effect of distal radial fracture malunion on activity limitations is unknown. Between 2001 and 2002, we conducted a prospective cohort study of all patients with distal radial fracture treated with casting or percutaneous fixation in northeast Scania in Sweden. In that original study, the patients completed the Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH) questionnaire at baseline and at 2 years. We performed a long-term follow-up study of patients who were 18 to 65 years of age at the time of the fracture to investigate the association between fracture malunion and activity limitations...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661068/correlation-between-radiological-parameters-and-functional-outcomes-in-patients-older-than-60-years-of-age-with-distal-radius-fracture
#6
Rodrigo Gutiérrez-Monclus, Héctor Gutiérrez-Espinoza, Jonathan Zavala-González, Cristian Olguín-Huerta, David Rubio-Oyarzún, Felipe Araya-Quintanilla
BACKGROUND: The relationship between radiographic and functional outcomes is controversial in the elderly. The objective of this study is to determine whether there is a correlation between functional outcome and acceptable distal radius fracture (DRF) alignment in patients older than 60 years of age. METHODS: This correlation study was carried out at the Central Metropolitan Health Service of Chile. A total of 180 patients diagnosed with extra-articular DRF, according to the AO classification, were prospectively recruited...
April 1, 2018: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652042/-motor-learning-of-the-post-stroke-patients-presenting-with-upper-limb-paresis-on-the-mechanotherapeutic-system
#7
A E Khizhnikova, A S Klochkov, A M Kotov-Smolensky, L A Chernikova, N A Suponeva, M A Piradov
BACKGROUND: the relevance of this study arises from the high prevalence of upper limb motor impairment and pathological synergy in the post-stroke patients; these conditions are very difficult to correct with the use of the traditional rehabilitation methods. A promising but insufficiently studied approaches are the virtual reality (VR) technology as well as its combination with other techniques. AIM: The objective of the present study was to evaluate the influence of the training making use of the mechanotherapeutic system on the motor function of the paretic hand...
April 9, 2018: Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650378/long-term-clinical-outcome-after-titanium-lunate-arthroplasty-for-kienb%C3%A3-ck-disease
#8
Timo Viljakka, Kaj Tallroth, Martti Vastamäki
PURPOSE: Titanium lunate arthroplasty (TLA) for Kienböck disease was introduced in 1984 to address the silicone-wear particle problem common to silicone lunate implants. We sought to study the outcome of TLA. METHODS: We identified 11 patients from our hospital database who had undergone TLA between 2001 and 2010. We evaluated pain, range of motion (ROM), function, and radiological outcome at a mean 11 years after surgery. We compared preoperative ROM and radiological findings with final follow-up in the ipsilateral wrist and also made comparisons with the contralateral wrists...
April 9, 2018: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648951/design-of-a-lightweight-soft-robotic-arm-using-pneumatic-artificial-muscles-and-inflatable-sleeves
#9
Preston Ohta, Luis Valle, Jonathan King, Kevin Low, Jaehyun Yi, Christopher G Atkeson, Yong-Lae Park
As robots begin to interact with humans and operate in human environments, safety becomes a major concern. Conventional robots, although reliable and consistent, can cause injury to anyone within its range of motion. Soft robotics, wherein systems are made to be soft and mechanically compliant, are thus a promising alternative due to their lightweight nature and ability to cushion impacts, but current designs often sacrifice accuracy and usefulness for safety. We, therefore, have developed a bioinspired robotic arm combining elements of rigid and soft robotics such that it exhibits the positive qualities of both, namely compliance and accuracy, while maintaining a low weight...
April 2018: Soft Robotics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644108/nutrition-and-growth-assessing-the-impact-of-regional-nutritional-intake-on-childhood-development-and-metacarpal-parameters
#10
Christian Moro, Jessica Covino
Measuring skeletal development throughout juvenile growth can provide a greater understanding into the health, hormonal function and genetics of children. The metacarpals have been of interest for their potential to provide insights into healthy juvenile skeletal development. This study investigated the growth patterns of developing females from isolated communities who had varied diets. Anthropometrical measurements and hand-wrist X-rays were taken of 353 juvenile females from three populations: Pari Coastal Village and Bundi Highlands Village, Papua New Guinea (PNG); and Brisbane, Australia between 1968 to 1983...
March 2018: Anatomy & Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628715/solitary-osteochondroma-of-the-capitate-in-a-child
#11
Nikolaos A Laliotis, Chrysanthos K Crysanthou, Panagiotis A Konstandinidis
Osteochondromas, are the most common tumors of the long bones in children. Osteochondromas are extremely rare in the carpal bones. They are diagnosed in adult life, in almost all cases in the literature. We report a 7 year old boy, who presented with a hard mass on the dorsum of his hand, with decreased wrist movements. Radiological examination showed a calcified tumor of the second row of the carpal bones, with spherical shape and covered with cartilage. He was surgically treated with removal of a cartilaginous mass that was arising from the capitate...
March 2018: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628706/does-operative-fixation-of-isolated-fractures-of-ulna-shaft-results-in-different-outcomes-than-non-operative-management-by-long-arm-cast
#12
Altaf Hussain, Sandeep Kumar Nema, Deep Sharma, Sujiv Akkilagunta, Gopisankar Balaji
Objective: The optimal treatment for isolated fractures of ulnar shaft is debatable. The purpose of this study was to compare functional outcomes and radiological union in patients treated for isolated fractures of the ulnar shaft by open reduction and internal fixation and a long arm cast. Methods: This prospective study was conducted at level I trauma center from November 2014 to March 2016. 30 patients with isolated fractures of ulnar shaft were randomized to two groups to receive treatment by open reduction and internal fixation by plates and screws and a long arm cast...
March 2018: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628564/comparison-of-magnesium-sulfate-and-dexmedetomidine-as-an-adjuvant-to-0-5-ropivacaine-in-infraclavicular-brachial-plexus-block
#13
Mohamed M Abu Elyazed, Mona M Mogahed
Background: Magnesium sulfate and dexmedetomidine were used as adjuvants to local anesthesia to improve the quality of regional anesthesia. Aims: The aim of this study is to evaluate and compare the effects of magnesium sulfate and dexmedetomidine when added to ropivacaine on the quality of infraclavicular brachial plexus block (BPB). Settings and Design: This was a prospective randomized double-blinded controlled study. Patients and Methods: A total of 105 adult patients undergoing surgery in hands, wrist, and forearm using infraclavicular BPB were randomly assigned into three groups...
January 2018: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628356/pyrocarbon-implants-for-the-hand-and-wrist
#14
P Bellemère
Thanks to its remarkable mechanical properties and excellent biocompatibility, pyrocarbon is an ideal material for articular use. Various pyrocarbon implants for the hand and wrist have been developed over the past 25 years, with about 15 currently available for hemi-, total and interposition arthroplasty. This article describes the production methods and mechanical properties of pyrocarbon. The author summarizes the various implants available for each type of joint, their reported results in the literature, as well as his team's experience...
April 6, 2018: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628223/the-distal-left-radial-artery-access-for-coronary-angiography-and-intervention-a-new-era
#15
Karim M Al-Azizi, Amir S Lotfi
BACKGROUND: Patients' intra and post procedural comfort, quick recovery, as well as procedure success, are key elements for choosing the right arterial access site. Radial artery access has been of increasing interest since it was first described. Advanced treatments of coronary lesions, from primary percutaneous interventions during ST elevation myocardial infarction cases to chronic total occlusion cases, have been increasingly done through the radial access. Distal left trans radial artery (dlTRA) is a new technique first described by Kiemineij...
March 26, 2018: Cardiovascular Revascularization Medicine: Including Molecular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626236/prospective-study-of-comminuted-articular-distal-radius-fractures-stabilized-by-volar-plating-in-the-elderly
#16
Daniel Martinez-Mendez, Alejandro Lizaur-Utrilla, Joaquin de Juan-Herrero
PURPOSE: The objective was to assess the ability of the volar locking plate to maintain the radiographic parameters over the time in elderly patients with complex intra-articular distal radius fractures. METHODS: Prospective cohort of 66 consecutive patients with mean age of 68 (range 60-81) years and AO type C fractures treated with volar locking plate. Radiographic measurements were performed pre and post-operatively at each follow-up. Clinical assessment was made by Patient-Rated Wrist Evaluation scores, Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand score, range of motion, and grip strength...
April 7, 2018: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625886/evaluation-of-staff-radiation-exposure-during-transthoracic-echocardiography-close-to-myocardial-perfusion-imaging
#17
Samia Massalha, Rachel Lugassi, Elyahu Raysberg, Amjad Koskosi, Gerson Lechtenberg, Ora Israel, John A Kennedy
BACKGROUND: Transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) and myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) are used in cardiac patients. In this study the radiation exposure of sonographers performing TTE following MPI was evaluated. METHODS: Of 40 study patients, 30 underwent same-day99m Tc sestamibi MPI and TTE, while another 10 underwent only TTE. Patients who underwent both studies were divided into three groups: right-handed TTE performed by an echocardiographer and right- and left-handed TTE performed by a cardiac sonographer...
April 3, 2018: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625252/the-deep-lymphatic-anatomy-of-the-hand
#18
Chuan-Xiang Ma, Wei-Ren Pan, Zhi-An Liu, Fan-Qiang Zeng, Zhi-Qiang Qiu
BACKGROUND: the deep lymphatic anatomy of the hand still remains the least described in medical literature. METHODS: eight hands were harvested from four nonembalmed human cadavers amputated above the wrist. A small amount of 6% hydrogen peroxide was employed to detect the lymphatic vessels around the superficial and deep palmar vascular arches, in webs from the index to little fingers, the thenar and hypothenar areas. A 30-gauge needle was inserted into the vessels and injected with a barium sulphate compound...
April 3, 2018: Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618419/proximal-row-carpectomy-using-decellularized-dermal-allograft
#19
REVIEW
Remy V Rabinovich, Steven J Lee
Wrist arthritis is a common problem. When managed early, motion-sparing procedures can be performed with successful outcomes. Proximal row carpectomy (PRC) has demonstrated good functional results and high patient satisfaction with up to 20-year follow-up. The majority of patients with longer follow-up have, however, exhibited radiographic signs of progressive degeneration of the radiocapitate space. Although radiographic changes have not been shown to correlate with wrist pain and function, it remains a concern and questions the durability of the radiocapitate articulation with continued patient follow-up, especially those who underwent the original procedure at a younger age...
April 2018: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615956/initial-clinical-evaluation-of-the-modular-prosthetic-limb
#20
Briana N Perry, Courtney W Moran, Robert S Armiger, Paul F Pasquina, Jamie W Vandersea, Jack W Tsao
The Modular Prosthetic Limb (MPL) was examined for its feasibility and usability as an advanced, dexterous upper extremity prosthesis with surface electromyography (sEMG) control in with two individuals with below-elbow amputations. Compared to currently marketed prostheses, the MPL has a greater number of sequential and simultaneous degrees of motion, as well as wrist modularity, haptic feedback, and individual digit control. The MPL was successfully fit to a 33-year-old with a trans-radial amputation (TR01) and a 30-year-old with a wrist disarticulation amputation (TR02)...
2018: Frontiers in Neurology
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