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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820883/spatial-clustering-of-patent-and-sub-patent-malaria-infections-in-northern-namibia-implications-for-surveillance-and-response-strategies-for-elimination
#1
Jennifer L Smith, Joyce Auala, Munyaradzi Tambo, Erastus Haindongo, Stark Katokele, Petrina Uusiku, Roly Gosling, Immo Kleinschmidt, Davis Mumbengegwi, Hugh J W Sturrock
BACKGROUND: Reactive case detection (RACD) around passively detected malaria cases is a strategy to identify and treat hotspots of malaria transmission. This study investigated the unproven assumption on which this approach is based, that in low transmission settings, infections cluster over small scales. METHODS: A prospective case-control study was conducted between January 2013 and August 2014 in Ohangwena and Omusati regions in north central Namibia. Patients attending health facilities who tested positive by malaria rapid diagnostic test (RDT) (index cases) were traced back to their home...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820868/is-cannabidiol-an-effective-treatment-for-schizophrenia
#2
Rami Guinguis, María Isabel Ruiz, Gabriel Rada
Cannabidiol has recently been proposed as an antipsychotic for schizophrenia. However, its clinical use and safety is controversial. To answer this question, we used Epistemonikos, the largest database of systematic reviews in health, which is maintained by screening multiple information sources, including MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane, among others. We identified six systematic reviews incorporating four primary studies overall, including two randomized trials. We extracted data from the systematic reviews, reanalyzed data from primary studies, conducted a meta-analysis and generated a summary of findings table using the GRADE approach...
August 9, 2017: Medwave
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820641/identifying-communication-barriers-to-colorectal-cancer-screening-adherence-among-appalachian-kentuckians
#3
Audrey Smith Bachman, Elisia L Cohen, Tom Collins, Jennifer Hatcher, Richard Crosby, Robin C Vanderpool
Utilizing data from 40 in-depth interviews, this article identifies both barriers and facilitators to colorectal screening guideline adherence among Appalachian Kentucky adults recruited through a community-based research network. Key findings identify (a) varying levels of knowledge about screening guidelines, (b) reticence to engage in screening processes, and (c) nuanced communication with healthcare providers and family members regarding screening adherence. What participants knew about the screening process was often derived from personal stories or recalled stories from family members about their screening experiences...
August 18, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820618/college-women-s-responses-to-a-celebrity-health-disclosure
#4
Julia H Drizin, Vanessa L Malcarne, Melody K Schiaffino, Kristen J Wells
Celebrities can have a powerful influence on people's health-related attitudes and behaviors, often by publicly disclosing their own personal health decisions. In May 2013, Angelina Jolie, an internationally recognized actress, director, and author, wrote an op-ed for the New York Times disclosing her decision to undergo a prophylactic double mastectomy to reduce her risk of breast cancer after learning that she carried the BRCA1 gene mutation. This cross-sectional study examined whether exposure to Angelina Jolie and her mastectomy disclosure and parasocial involvement (PSI) with Angelina Jolie were related to female college students' perceived risk of breast cancer and breast cancer screening intentions...
August 18, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820539/a-survey-of-non-communicable-diseases-and-their-risk-factors-among-university-employees-a-single-institutional-study
#5
Emmanuel I Agaba, Maxwell O Akanbi, Patricia A Agaba, Amaka N Ocheke, Zumnan M Gimba, Steve Daniyam, Edith N Okeke
BACKGROUND: The incidence of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) is rising globally, with its attendant morbidity and mortality, especially in developing countries. This study evaluated the prevalence of NCDs and their risk factors among members of a university community. METHODS: All employees of the university were invited to the University health clinic for screening, using the World Health Organisation's STEPwise approach to NCDs. RESULTS: A total of 883 (521; 59...
August 15, 2017: Cardiovascular Journal of Africa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820521/feasibility-of-a-multicomponent-breast-health-education-intervention-for-vietnamese-american-immigrant-women
#6
Connie K Y Nguyen-Truong, Nisreen Pedhiwala, Vananh Nguyen, Cang Le, Tuong Vy Le, Christine Lau, Junghee Lee, Frances Lee-Lin
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To determine the feasibility and acceptability of an intervention with targeted cultural and health belief messages to increase rates of mammography among Vietnamese American (VA) immigrant women. 
. DESIGN: One-group, pre-/post-test, pilot, quasiexperimental design.
. SETTING: Portland, Oregon, metropolitan area. 
. SAMPLE: 40 VA immigrant women aged 50 years or older.
. METHODS: Participants who had not had a mammogram within the past 12 months were recruited...
September 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820273/psychological-distress-health-and-treatment-related-factors-among-individuals-initiating-art-in-oromia-ethiopia
#7
Angela M Parcesepe, Olga Tymejczyk, Robert Remien, Tsigereda Gadisa, Sarah Gorrell Kulkarni, Susie Hoffman, Zenebe Melaku, Batya Elul, Denis Nash
HIV diagnosis may be a source of psychological distress. Late initiation of antiretroviral therapy (ART) and treatment-related beliefs may intensify psychological distress among those recently diagnosed. This analysis describes the prevalence of psychological distress among people living with HIV (PLWH) and examines the association of recent HIV diagnosis, late ART initiation and treatment-related beliefs with psychological distress. The sample includes 1175 PLWH aged 18 or older initiating ART at six HIV clinics in Ethiopia...
August 18, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819570/hcv-integrated-care-a-randomized-trial-to-increase-treatment-initiation-and-svr-with-direct-acting-antivirals
#8
Erik J Groessl, Lin Liu, Marisa Sklar, Samuel B Ho
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Psychiatric or substance use disorders are barriers to successful HCV antiviral treatment. In a randomized, controlled trial (RCT), the effects of HCV Integrated Care (IC) for increasing treatment rates and sustained viral response (SVR) were studied with direct acting antivirals (DAA). METHODS: In 2012-13, VA patients, whose screening was positive for depression, PTSD, or substance use (N = 79), were randomized to IC or Usual Care (UC). IC consisted of brief psychological interventions and case management...
2017: International Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819520/the-ban-on-blood-donation-on-men-who-have-sex-with-men-time-to-rethink-and-reassess-an-outdated-policy
#9
Georgios Karamitros, Nikolaos Kitsos, Ioanna Karamitrou
During the 1980s the HIV/AIDS epidemic outbreak occurred. Due to the high prevalence of the disease on men who had sex with men (MSM) a lifetime ban on blood donations on men who had sex with men (MSM) was implemented. In the recent years, organizations like the European Union (EU) and the World Health Organization (WHO) have established new guidelines introducing the term of "risky sexual behavior" without any reference to the sex orientation of the potential donor, however many countries are hesitant to review the ban on men who had sex with men (MSM)...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819494/functioning-and-disability-in-recent-research-from-cameroon-a-narrative-synthesis
#10
Minal Ray, Lorena Wallace, Lawrence Mbuagbaw, Lynn Cockburn
INTRODUCTION: People living with disabilities in Cameroon face many barriers to daily functioning and social participation. However, there is limited research on disabilities and their impact. We sought to examine the research related to disability from Cameroon. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review, bibliometric analysis, and narrative synthesis of research related to disability, functioning, and social participation from Cameroon published during 2005-2014...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819367/short-term-effectiveness-of-inpatient-cancer-rehabilitation-a-longitudinal-controlled-cohort-study
#11
Maria Ture, Felix Angst, André Aeschlimann, Christoph Renner, Ulrich Schnyder, Nic Zerkiebel, Josef Perseus, Jürgen Barth, Marius Bredell, Chantal Martin Soelch, Heinrich Walt, Josef Jenewein
Background: Inpatient rehabilitation for cancer patients has been demonstrated to improve patients' health related quality of life (HRQoL) effectively. The purpose of this study was to compare changes in general health and HRQoL of cancer patients who were referred to inpatient rehabilitation (IR) with those in two control groups who underwent outpatient management either with advice for inpatient rehabilitation (A(+)) or without (A(-)). Methods: In this naturalistic, longitudinal, controlled cohort study, changes in general health and HRQoL were assessed at either discharge of acute hospital or start of rehabilitation (baseline) and at the follow-up 3 weeks later or end of rehabilitation...
2017: Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819083/the-forgotten-realm-of-the-new-and-emerging-psychosocial-risk-factors
#12
Francesco Chirico
In Europe, employers of all private and public enterprises have a legal obligation to protect their employers by all the different types of workplace hazards to the safety and health of workers. The most important methods developed for the work-related stress risk assessment are based on the Cox's research commissioned by European Agency for Safety and Health at Work (EU-OSHA) and are the Management Standard HSE for work-related stress in United Kingdom, the START method in Germany, the Screening, Observation, Analysis, Expertise (SOBANE) in Belgium, and the National Institute for Prevention and Safety at Work (INAIL-ISPESL) model in Italy, the latter based on the British Management Standard...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818761/the-effect-of-disability-and-depression-on-cognitive-function-and-screening-factors
#13
Chun-Min Chen, Li-Fan Liu
INTRODUCTION: There is increasing evidence that subtle losses in cognitive function may be symptomatic of a transition to early dementia. The objectives of this study were to: 1) test the effect of depressive symptoms and/or disability on cognitive impairment, 2) explore the interaction between depression and disability and the association with cognitive impairment, and 3) evaluate risk factors of health assessment to discriminate between elderly people with or without cognitive impairment...
July 31, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818582/associations-between-meeting-combinations-of-24-h-movement-guidelines-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-children-from-12-countries
#14
H Sampasa-Kanyinga, M Standage, M S Tremblay, P T Katzmarzyk, G Hu, R Kuriyan, C Maher, J Maia, T Olds, O L Sarmiento, C Tudor-Locke, J-P Chaput
OBJECTIVES: To examine whether meeting vs not meeting movement/non-movement guidelines (moderate-to-vigorous physical activity [MVPA], screen time, sleep duration), and combinations of these recommendations, are associated with health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in children from 12 countries in five major geographic regions of the world and explore whether the associations vary by study site. STUDY DESIGN: Observational, multinational cross-sectional study. METHODS: This study included 6106 children aged 9-11 years from sites in Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, Colombia, Finland, India, Kenya, Portugal, South Africa, the United Kingdom, and the United States...
August 14, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818533/the-association-between-bouted-and-non-bouted-physical-activity-on-retinopathy-prevalence
#15
Emily Frith, Paul D Loprinzi
OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the specific differential association between non-bouted, lifestyle physical activities (vs. structured exercise; i.e., bouted physical activity) on retinopathy prevalence among a national sample of the broader U.S. adult population. METHODS: Data from the 2005-2006 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) was used to identify 1501 adults, between 40 and 85years. Bouted and non-bouted physical activities were assessed using objective accelerometer monitoring...
August 14, 2017: European Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818247/alcohol-screening-and-brief-intervention-a-potential-role-in-cancer-prevention-for-young-adults
#16
Lela R McKnight-Eily, S Jane Henley, Patricia P Green, Erika C Odom, Daniel W Hungerford
Excessive or risky alcohol use is a preventable cause of significant morbidity and mortality in the U.S. and worldwide. Alcohol use is a common preventable cancer risk factor among young adults; it is associated with increased risk of developing at least six types of cancer. Alcohol consumed during early adulthood may pose a higher risk of female breast cancer than alcohol consumed later in life. Reducing alcohol use may help prevent cancer. Alcohol misuse screening and brief counseling or intervention (also called alcohol screening and brief intervention among other designations) is known to reduce excessive alcohol use, and the U...
September 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818243/mental-health-problems-and-cancer-risk-factors-among-young-adults
#17
Greta M Massetti, Cheryll C Thomas, Jessica King, Kathleen Ragan, Natasha Buchanan Lunsford
INTRODUCTION: Chronic mental health problems often emerge in young adulthood, when adults begin to develop lifelong health behaviors and access preventive health services. The associations between mental health problems and modifiable cancer risk factors in young adulthood are not well understood. METHODS: In 2016, the authors analyzed 2014 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System data on demographic characteristics, health service access and use, health status, and cancer risk factors (tobacco use, alcohol use, overweight or obesity, physical activity, and sleep) for 90,821 young adults aged 18-39 years with mental health problems (depressive disorder or frequent mental distress) compared to other young adults...
September 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818166/assessment-of-quality-of-sleep-and-its-relationship-with-psychiatric-morbidity-and-socio-demographic-factors-in-the-patients-of-chronic-renal-disease-undergoing-hemodialysis
#18
Usama Bin Zubair, Batool Butt
OBJECTIVE: To assess the subjective sleep quality and its relationship with the presence of psychiatric morbidity in the patients suffering from chronic kidney disease (CKD) and undergoing the procedure of hemodialysis (HD); and analyze the associated socio-demographic factors. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional descriptive study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Nephrology Department, Military Hospital, Rawalpindi, from July to December 2016. METHODOLOGY: Patients of CKD undergoing the HD were included in the final analysis...
July 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817995/intrapartum-test-for-detection-of-group-b-streptococcus-colonization-during-labor
#19
Elena Picchiassi, Giuliana Coata, Giulia Babucci, Irene Giardina, Valentina Summa, Federica Tarquini, Michela Centra, Vittorio Bini, Benito Cappuccini, Gian Carlo Di Renzo
PURPOSE: To evaluate the potential improvement of introducing an intrapartum test for the detection of Group B Streptococcus (GBS) during labor and to estimate its cost-effectiveness versus antepartum GBS screening culture. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three hundred thirteen women at beginning of labor, with unknown GBS status or with antepartum GBS screening culture were enrolled. A vaginal-rectal specimen was collected from each woman for GBS detection by real time PCR...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817861/population-health-management-and-cancer-screening
#20
Bradley Kamstra, Mark K Huntington
Population health management (PHM) is a new health care model being implemented. It has been defined as "the health outcomes of a group of individuals, including the distribution of such outcomes within the group." This includes health outcomes and patterns of health determinants, and policies and interventions that link these two. Moving from a fee-for-service payment system to a quality- or value-based system, this model places on the clinician more responsibility for the costs of health care and its reimbursements...
2017: South Dakota Medicine: the Journal of the South Dakota State Medical Association
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