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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641213/measurement-properties-of-screening-and-diagnostic-tools-for-autism-spectrum-adults-of-mean-normal-intelligence-a-systematic-review
#1
A Baghdadli, F Russet, L Mottron
BACKGROUND: The autism spectrum (AS) is a multifaceted neurodevelopmental variant associated with lifelong challenges. Despite the relevant importance of identifying AS in adults for epidemiological, public health, and quality of life issues, the measurement properties of the tools currently used to screen and diagnose adults without intellectual disabilities (ID) have not been assessed. OBJECTIVES: This systematic review addresses the accuracy, reliability, and validity of the reported AS screening and diagnostic tools used in adults without ID...
May 17, 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641097/long-term-complications-after-hematopoietic-cell-transplantation
#2
REVIEW
Navneet S Majhail
The prevalence of autologous and allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) survivors continues to increase. Among patients whose disease remains in remission for the first 2-5years after transplantation, it is estimated that approximately 80-90% will be alive over the subsequent 10years. However, the relative mortality rates of such patients continue to remain higher than those of their general population peers, with late complications contributing to significant long-term morbidity and mortality...
June 13, 2017: Hematology/oncology and Stem Cell Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641071/giving-it-our-best-shot-human-papillomavirus-and-hepatitis-b-virus-immunization-among-refugees-massachusetts-2011-2013
#3
Rachel Stein Berman, Laura Smock, Megan H Bair-Merritt, Jennifer Cochran, Paul L Geltman
INTRODUCTION: The receipt rate of hepatitis B virus vaccine among adolescents in the United States is high, while the receipt rate of human papillomavirus vaccine is low. Rates have not been closely studied among refugees, whose home countries have high rates of disease caused by these viruses. METHODS: We examined human papillomavirus and hepatitis B virus immunization rates among 2,269 refugees aged 9 to 26 years who resettled in Massachusetts from 2011 through 2013...
June 22, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640814/a-novel-algorithm-identifies-stress-induced-alterations-in-mitochondrial-connectivity-and-inner-membrane-structure-from-confocal-images
#4
Mathieu Ouellet, Gérald Guillebaud, Valerie Gervais, David Lupien St-Pierre, Marc Germain
Mitochondria exist as a highly interconnected network that is exquisitely sensitive to variations in nutrient availability, as well as a large array of cellular stresses. Changes in length and connectivity of this network, as well as alterations in the mitochondrial inner membrane (cristae), regulate cell fate by controlling metabolism, proliferation, differentiation, and cell death. Given the key roles of mitochondrial dynamics, the process by which mitochondria constantly fuse and fragment, the measure of mitochondrial length and connectivity provides crucial information on the health and activity of various cell populations...
June 22, 2017: PLoS Computational Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640800/hiv-testing-linkage-to-hiv-medical-care-and-interviews-for-partner-services-among-youths-61-health-department-jurisdictions-united-states-puerto-rico-and-the-u-s-virgin-islands-2015
#5
Renee Stein, Wei Song, Mariette Marano, Heta Patel, Shubha Rao, Elana Morris
Identifying persons living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) who are unaware of their infection, linking them to HIV medical care, and reducing health disparities are important national goals (1). Of the 8,841 teens and young adults aged 13-24 years (collectively referred to as youths in this report) who received a diagnosis of HIV in 2014, 70% were young men who have sex with men (MSM) (2). In the same year, an estimated 52% of young MSM living with HIV were unaware of their infection compared with 15% among all persons living with HIV (3)...
June 23, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640686/prevalence-of-financial-fraud-and-scams-among-older-adults-in-the-united-states-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
David Burnes, Charles R Henderson, Christine Sheppard, Rebecca Zhao, Karl Pillemer, Mark S Lachs
BACKGROUND: The financial exploitation of older adults was recently recognized by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention as a serious public health problem. Knowledge of the prevalence of elder financial exploitation is mostly limited to the category of financial abuse, which occurs in relationships involving an expectation of trust. Little is known about the other major category of elder financial exploitation-elder financial fraud and scams, which is perpetrated by strangers...
June 22, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640673/the-end-of-written-informed-consent-for-hiv-testing-not-with-a-bang-but-a-whimper
#7
Ronald Bayer, Morgan Philbin, Robert H Remien
In 2014, only two states in the United States still mandated specific written informed consent for HIV testing and, after years of controversy, New York ended this requirement, leaving only Nebraska. New York's shift to opt-out testing meant that a singular feature of what had characterized the exceptionalism surrounding HIV testing was eliminated. We trace the history of debates on written informed consent nationally and in New York State. Over the years of dispute from when HIV testing was initiated in 1985 to 2014, the evidence about the benefits and burdens of written informed consent changed...
June 22, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637078/-update-cardiovascular-sleep-medicine
#8
Benedikt Linz, Michael Böhm, Dominik Linz
The prevalence of sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) is high in patients with cardiovascular diseases. Typical symptoms like daytime sleepiness can be absent and those patients may report unspecific, therapy-resistant symptoms related to their underlying disease. Particularly sleep-related symptoms like nocturia, nocturnal dyspnea and pectangina can be present. Based on the results of recently published studies, the treatment of central sleep apnea in patients with symptomatic, systolic heart failure by adaptive servo-ventilation is no longer recommended...
June 2017: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636950/structural-evidence-of-quercetin-multi-target-bioactivity-a-reverse-virtual-screening-strategy
#9
Diego Carvalho, Margot Paulino, Fabio Polticelli, Florencia Arredondo, Robert J Williams, Juan A Abin-Carriquiry
The ubiquitous flavonoid quercetin is broadly recognized for showing diverse biological and health-promoting effects, such as anti-cancer, anti-inflammatory and cytoprotective activities. The therapeutic potential of quercetin and similar compounds for preventing such diverse oxidative stress-related pathologies has been generally attributed to their direct antioxidant properties. Nevertheless, accumulated evidence indicates that quercetin is also able to interact with multiple cellular targets influencing the activity of diverse signaling pathways...
June 18, 2017: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636868/deadly-liver-mob-opening-the-door-improving-sexual-health-pathways-for-aboriginal-people-in-western-sydney
#10
Karen Biggs, Jennifer Walsh, Catriona Ooi
BACKGROUND: The Deadly Liver Mob project (DLM) is an incentive-based, peer-driven health promotion intervention for Aboriginal people, focusing on hepatitis C and offering education and screening for sexually transmissible infections (STI) and blood-borne viruses (BBV). This study aims to assess the DLM effect on attendance and STI/BBV screening, describe BBV risk factors and report infection rates among Aboriginal people attending Western Sydney Sexual Health Centre (WSSHC). METHODS: A retrospective review of Aboriginal clients during the first year of the DLM project was compared with Aboriginal clients who attended during the 5...
October 2016: Sexual Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636866/prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-chlamydia-trachomatis-neisseria-gonorrhoeae-trichomonas-vaginalis-and-other-sexually-transmissible-infections-among-women-attending-antenatal-clinics-in-three-provinces-in-papua-new-guinea-a-cross-sectional-survey
#11
Lisa M Vallely, Pamela Toliman, Claire Ryan, Glennis Rai, Johanna Wapling, Carolyn Tomado, Savarina Huliafi, Gloria Munnull, Patricia Rarau, Suparat Phuanukoonnon, Handan Wand, Peter Siba, Glen D L Mola, John M Kaldor, Andrew J Vallely
Background Papua New Guinea (PNG) is estimated to have among the highest prevalences of HIV and sexually transmissible infections (STIs) of any Asia-Pacific country, and one of the highest burdens of maternal syphilis globally. The prevalence of curable STIs, such as Chlamydia trachomatis (CT), Neisseria gonorrhoeae (NG) and Trichomonas vaginalis (TV), among pregnant women in PNG is relatively unknown. METHODS: A cross-sectional bio-behavioural survey to investigate the epidemiology of CT, NG, TV and other STIs among pregnant women in three provinces of PNG was undertaken...
October 2016: Sexual Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636759/rosacea-and-its-association-with-enteral-microbiota-in-korean-females
#12
Jae-Hui Nam, Yeojun Yun, Han-Saem Kim, Han-Na Kim, Ho Joo Jung, Yoosoo Chang, Seungho Ryu, Hocheol Shin, Hyung-Lae Kim, Won-Serk Kim
BACKGROUND: Rosacea is a chronic inflammatory dermatosis affecting the face and eyes. An association between systemic comorbidities and rosacea has been reported, but the link to enteral microbiota is uncertain. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to investigate the link between rosacea and enteral microbiota. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed in a sample of Korean women who participated in a health checkup program at the Kangbuk Samsung Hospital Health Screening Center between 23 June 2014 and 5 September 2014...
June 21, 2017: Experimental Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636678/measurement-properties-of-patient-reported-outcome-measures-proms-used-in-adult-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-a-systematic-review
#13
Olalekan Lee Aiyegbusi, Derek Kyte, Paul Cockwell, Tom Marshall, Adrian Gheorghe, Thomas Keeley, Anita Slade, Melanie Calvert
BACKGROUND: Patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) can provide valuable information which may assist with the care of patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). However, given the large number of measures available, it is unclear which PROMs are suitable for use in research or clinical practice. To address this we comprehensively evaluated studies that assessed the measurement properties of PROMs in adults with CKD. METHODS: Four databases were searched; reference list and citation searching of included studies was also conducted...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636405/conventional-polysomnography-is-not-necessary-for-the-management-of-most-patients-with-suspected-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#14
Jaime Corral, Maria-Ángeles Sánchez-Quiroga, Carmen Carmona-Bernal, Ángeles Sánchez-Armengol, Alicia Sánchez-de-la-Torre, Joaquín Durán-Cantolla, Carlos J Egea, Neus Salord, Carmen Monasterio, Joaquín Terán, M Luz Alonso-Alvarez, Jesús Muñoz-Méndez, Eva M Arias, Marta Cabello, Josep M Montserrat, Mónica De la Peña, José C Serrano, Ferran Barbe, Juan F Masa
RATIONALE: Home respiratory polygraphy may be a simpler alternative to in-laboratory polysomnography for the management of more symptomatic obstructive sleep apnea patients, but its effectiveness has not been evaluated across a broad clinical spectrum. OBJECTIVE: To compare the long-term effectiveness (6 months) of home respiratory polygraphy and polysomnography management protocols in patients with intermediate to high sleep apnea suspicion (most patients requiring a sleep study)...
June 21, 2017: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636108/understanding-the-influences-and-impact-of-patient-clinician-communication-in-cancer-care
#15
Jennifer Elston Lafata, Laura A Shay, Jodi M Winship
BACKGROUND: Patient-clinician communication is thought to be central to care outcomes, but when and how communication affects patient outcomes is not well understood. OBJECTIVE: We propose a conceptual model and classification framework upon which the empirical evidence base for the impact of patient-clinician communication can be summarized and further built. DESIGN: We use the proposed model and framework to summarize findings from two recent systematic reviews, one evaluating the use of shared decision making (SDM) on cancer care outcomes and the other evaluating the role of physician recommendation in cancer screening use...
June 21, 2017: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636068/parent-child-association-in-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behaviour
#16
Didier Garriguet, Rachel Colley, Tracey Bushnik
BACKGROUND: Parents influence the physical activity and sedentary behaviour of their children. This analysis examines associations between parental role modeling and support and children's physical activity and sedentary behaviour. DATA AND METHODS: The sample consists of 1,328 biological parent-child pairs from the first three cycles of the Canadian Health Measures Survey (2007 through 2013). Data on physical activity and sedentary behaviour were collected using a questionnaire and by accelerometer...
June 21, 2017: Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636007/analysis-of-association-of-gene-variants-with-obesity-traits-in-new-zealand-european-children-at-6-years-of-age
#17
Mohanraj Krishnan, John M D Thompson, Edwin A Mitchell, Rinki Murphy, Lesley M E McCowan, Andrew N Shelling, G On Behalf Of The Children Of Scope Study Group
Childhood obesity is a public health problem, which is associated with a long-term increased risk of cardiovascular disease and premature mortality. Several gene variants have previously been identified that have provided novel insights into biological factors that contribute to the development of obesity. As obesity tracks through childhood into adulthood, identification of the genetic factors for obesity in early life is important. The objective of this study was to identify putative associations between genetic variants and obesity traits in children at 6 years of age...
June 21, 2017: Molecular BioSystems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635987/integrative-review-of-facility-interventions-to-manage-compassion-fatigue-in-oncology-nurses
#18
Dorien Wentzel, Petra Brysiewicz
PROBLEM IDENTIFICATION: Oncology nurses are regularly exposed to high-stress situations that may lead to compassion fatigue, and many institutions have implemented interventions to reduce burnout in nurses, but knowledge on the feasiblity, effectiveness, and nurses' experience of interventions is lacking.
. LITERATURE SEARCH: Electronic search of literature published from 1992-2015 was performed to evaluate in-facility interventions to manage compassion fatigue in oncology nurses...
May 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635539/an-old-challenge-with-new-promises-a-systematic-review-on-comprehensive-geriatric-assessment-in-long-term-care-facilities
#19
Francesco Panza, Vincenzo Solfrizzi, Madia Lozupone, Maria Rosaria Barulli, Francesca D'Urso, Roberta Stallone, Vittorio Dibello, Alessia Noia, Cristina Di Dio, Antonio Daniele, Antonello Bellomo, Davide Seripa, Antonio Greco, Giancarlo Logroscino
Comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA) is a multidimensional and multidisciplinary diagnostic process focused on determining the clinical profile, pathological risk, residual skills, short- and long-term prognosis, and the personalized therapeutic and care plan of the functionally compromised and frail older subjects. Previous evidence suggested that the effectiveness of CGA programs may be influenced by the settings where the CGA is performed [i.e., hospital, post-hospital discharge/ long-term care facilities (LTCF), or community/home] as well as the specific clinical conditions of older frail individuals...
June 21, 2017: Rejuvenation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635345/avatar-assisted-therapy-a-proof-of-concept-pilot-study-of-a-novel-technology-based-intervention-to-treat-substance-use-disorders
#20
Michael S Gordon, Steven B Carswell, Mary Schadegg, Kayla Mangen, Kelly Merkel, Susan Tangires, Frank J Vocci
BACKGROUND: Avatar-assisted therapy (AAT) is a novel and emerging technology that uses the Internet to enable clinicians and clients in substance abuse treatment to participate in group counseling sessions from separate and remote locations in real time through the use of avatars and virtual environments. OBJECTIVES: The current study is a pilot proof-of-concept feasibility study involving individuals in outpatient substance abuse treatment. This report addresses two questions: (1) are individuals who present for substance abuse treatment interested in receiving AAT and (2) what factors are associated with better treatment success...
February 17, 2017: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
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