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Heart rehabilitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197270/interesting-correlation-between-the-circulating-pentraxin-3-and-cardiac-rehabilitation-program-outcomes-in-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-patients
#1
Habib Haybar, Babak Payami, Isa Khaheshi, Yasaman Ghotbi, Seyed Mahmoud Latifi, Ahmadreza Assareh
BACKGROUND: Pentraxin 3 (PTX3) is an inflammatory mediator, reaches to the high levels after ischemic heart diseases (IHD) and could be a helpful tool to predict cardiac rehabilitation (CR) outcomes. The aim of this study was to investigate the possibility of the circulating levels of PTX3 in prediction of CR outcomes in patients with IHD who had undergone coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). METHODS: One hundred patients who had undergone CABG were included in this study...
April 2016: Cardiology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197269/measuring-b-type-natriuretic-peptide-from-capillary-blood-or-venous-sample-is-it-the-same
#2
Renato De Vecchis, Carmelina Ariano
BACKGROUND: In recent years, several systems have been implemented to achieve quick and non-invasive measurements of B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP). Among them, Alere(TM) Heart Check (AHC) BNP test represents the most recent advancement. It is a rapid point-of-care (POC) immunoassay, projected for measuring BNP directly from a capillary whole blood sample. This study aimed at comparing the analytical and clinical performances of this new POC to our reference method (Abbott Architect System)...
April 2016: Cardiology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196528/exploring-the-impact-of-financial-barriers-on-secondary-prevention-of-heart-disease
#3
Kirnvir K Dhaliwal, Kathryn King-Shier, Braden J Manns, Brenda R Hemmelgarn, James A Stone, David J T Campbell
BACKGROUND: Patients with coronary artery disease experience various barriers which impact their ability to optimally manage their condition. Financial barriers may result in cost related non-adherence to medical therapies and recommendations, impacting patient health outcomes. Patient experiences regarding financial barriers remain poorly understood. Therefore, we used qualitative methods to explore the experience of financial barriers to care among patients with heart disease. METHODS: We conducted a qualitative descriptive study of participants in Alberta, Canada with heart disease (n = 13) who perceived financial barriers to care...
February 14, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196523/does-improvement-in-self-management-skills-predict-improvement-in-quality-of-life-and-depressive-symptoms-a-prospective-study-in-patients-with-heart-failure-up-to-one-year-after-self-management-education
#4
Gunda Musekamp, Michael Schuler, Bettina Seekatz, Jürgen Bengel, Hermann Faller, Karin Meng
BACKGROUND: Heart failure (HF) patient education aims to foster patients' self-management skills. These are assumed to bring about, in turn, improvements in distal outcomes such as quality of life. The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that change in self-reported self-management skills observed after participation in self-management education predicts changes in physical and mental quality of life and depressive symptoms up to one year thereafter. METHODS: The sample comprised 342 patients with chronic heart failure, treated in inpatient rehabilitation clinics, who received a heart failure self-management education program...
February 15, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190984/study-of-high-sensitive-c-reactive-protein-hs-crp-after-cardiac-rehabilitation-program-in-patients-undergoing-isolated-cabg
#5
Adel Johari Moghadam, Saied Azizinejad
INTRODUCTION: Although cardiac rehabilitation is known as a tool to reduce the overall risk of cardiovascular complications, its specific role in the reduction of hs-CRP as a marker of inflammation and a proven marker of cardiovascular risk needs further investigation. AIM: The present study aims at elucidating the effects of a full course of conventional cardiac rehabilitation program for the period of eight weeks, on the levels of hs-CRP in patients who underwent isolated coronary artery bypass surgery...
December 2016: International Journal of Biomedical Science: IJBS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188199/back-to-the-future-revisiting-the-physiological-cost-of-negative-work-as-a-team-based-activity-for-exercise-physiology-students
#6
Matthew A Kilgas, Steven J Elmer
We implemented a team-based activity in our exercise physiology teaching laboratory that was inspired from Abbott et al.'s classic 1952 Journal of Physiology paper titled "The physiological cost of negative work." Abbott et al. connected two bicycles via one chain. One person cycled forward (muscle shortening contractions, positive work) while the other resisted the reverse moving pedals (muscle lengthening contractions, negative work), and the cost of work was compared. This study was the first to link human whole body energetics with isolated muscle force-velocity characteristics...
March 1, 2017: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187728/community-health-service-center-based-cardiac-rehabilitation-in-patients-with-coronary-heart-disease-a-prospective-study
#7
Lixuan Zhang, Li Zhang, Jing Wang, Fang Ding, Suhua Zhang
BACKGROUND: Despite considerable efforts to encourage participation, even in some developed countries, proportion of patients participating in institution-based cardiac rehabilitation (CR) programs remained sub-optimal. The present study was designed to investigate the acceptability of community health service center (CHSC)-based Cardiac Rehabilitation (CR), and examine its effectiveness in terms of changes in quality of life (QOL), psychological state and exercise capacity. METHODS: A consecutive series of eligible patients was recruited from the health registration system of two CHSCs in Shijiazhuang, Hebei, China...
February 11, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186921/emotions-and-encounters-with-healthcare-professionals-as-predictors-for-the-self-estimated-ability-to-return-to-work-a-cross-sectional-study-of-people-with-heart-failure
#8
Lena Nordgren, Anne Söderlund
OBJECTIVES: To live with heart failure means that life is delimited. Still, people with heart failure can have a desire to stay active in working life as long as possible. Although a number of factors affect sick leave and rehabilitation processes, little is known about sick leave and vocational rehabilitation concerning people with heart failure. This study aimed to identify emotions and encounters with healthcare professionals as possible predictors for the self-estimated ability to return to work in people on sick leave due to heart failure...
November 9, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182332/challenging-the-great-vascular-wall-can-we-envision-a-simple-yet-comprehensive-therapy-for-stroke
#9
Marta Machado-Pereira, Tiago Santos, Lino Ferreira, Liliana Bernardino, Raquel Ferreira
Stroke is a leading cause of death in adult life, closely behind ischemic heart disease, and causes a significant and abiding socioeconomic burden. However, current therapies are not able to ensure full neurologic and/or sequelae-free recovery to all stroke survivors. We believe treatment efficacy and patient rehabilitation could be enhanced significantly by targeting blood-brain barrier (BBB) deregulation and inflammation-induced barrier loss occurring after stroke. In this pathological context, bone marrow-derived endothelial progenitor cells (EPC) enter the bloodstream towards the lesion site but their insufficient numbers and impaired angiogenic ability compromise neurovascular regeneration...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178014/effectiveness-of-expanded-cardiac-rehabilitation-in-patients-diagnosed-with-coronary-heart-disease-a-systematic-review-protocol
#10
Anne-Mette Hedeager Momsen, Kathrine Hald, Claus Vinther Nielsen, Mogens Lytken Larsen
The objective of this review is to identify the effectiveness of expanded cardiac rehabilitation (CR) in patients diagnosed with coronary heart disease (CHD). Specifically, the review question is: What is the effectiveness of expanded CR compared to standard CR in adult patients diagnosed with CHD? Effectiveness will be assessed by the effect on mortality and readmissions due to all causes or any cardiac event, systolic blood pressure, cholesterol levels and adherence to recommendations in secondary prevention guidelines...
February 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28175283/european-heart-rhythm-association-ehra-european-association-of-cardiovascular-prevention-and-rehabilitation-eacpr-position-paper-on-how-to-prevent-atrial-fibrillation-endorsed-by-the-heart-rhythm-society-hrs-and-asia-pacific-heart-rhythm-society-aphrs
#11
Bulent Gorenek, Antonio Pelliccia, Emelia J Benjamin, Giuseppe Boriani, Harry J Crijns, Richard I Fogel, Isabelle C Van Gelder, Martin Halle, Gulmira Kudaiberdieva, Deirdre A Lane, Torben Bjerregaard Larsen, Gregory Y H Lip, Maja-Lisa Løchen, Francisco Marín, Josef Niebauer, Prashanthan Sanders, Lale Tokgozoglu, Marc A Vos, David R Van Wagoner, Laurent Fauchier, Irina Savelieva, Andreas Goette, Stefan Agewall, Chern-En Chiang, Márcio Figueiredo, Martin Stiles, Timm Dickfeld, Kristen Patton, Massimo Piepoli, Ugo Corra, Pedro Manuel Marques-Vidal, Pompilio Faggiano, Jean-Paul Schmid, Ana Abreu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174436/cardiovascular-response-to-bouts-of-exercise-with-blood-flow-restriction
#12
Kestutis Bunevicius, Arturas Sujeta, Kristina Poderiene, Birute Zachariene, Viktoras Silinskas, Rimantas Minkevicius, Jonas Poderys
[Purpose] Occlusion training with low-intensity resistance exercises and blood flow restriction increases muscle cross-sectional area and strength. This form of training is used in rehabilitation; therefore, the aim of this study was to examine the effect of one occlusion training session on the cardiovascular response to bouts of exercise. [Subjects and Methods] Two groups took part: a control group without blood flow restriction and an experimental group with blood flow restriction. A single training session was used with the exercise intensity set at 40% of the one repetition maximum...
December 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169556/blood-pressure-dynamics-during-exercise-rehabilitation-in-heart-failure-patients
#13
Idan Hecht, Michael Arad, Dov Freimark, Robert Klempfner
Background Patients suffering from heart failure (HF) may demonstrate an abnormal blood pressure response to exercise (ABPRE), which may revert to a normal one following medical treatment. It is assumed that this change correlates positively with prognosis and functional aspects. The aim of this study was to characterize patients with ABPRE and assess ABPRE normalization and the correlation with clinical and functional outcomes. Methods In the study, 651 patients with HF who underwent cardiac rehabilitation (CR) were examined...
January 1, 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169449/a-questionnaire-survey-to-assess-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-in-patients-with-chronic-stroke
#14
Minoru Miyazato, Takeshi Tana, Akira Higa, Kiyoshi Wakugami, Takashi Tokashiki, Hirokuni Sakima, Aiwa Maehara, Asuka Ashikari, Takuma Oshiro, Yusuke Ohya, Seiichi Saito
OBJECTIVES: In this study, we evaluated the prevalence of lower urinary tract symptoms and the associated clinical features in patients with chronic stroke. METHODS: Patients with stroke who had been regularly followed up at general medical hospitals in Okinawa, Japan were enrolled in the study. The patients were asked to complete a self-reported questionnaire regarding their physical activity, medical history, and the core lower urinary tract symptom score (CLSS) questionnaire, with anonymity...
February 7, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167746/randomised-controlled-trial-examining-the-effect-of-an-outpatient-exercise-training-programme-on-haemodynamics-and-cardiac-mr-parameters-of-right-ventricular-function-in-patients-with-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension-the-expah-study-protocol
#15
Karen S W Chia, Steven G Faux, Peter K K Wong, Cameron Holloway, Hassan Assareh, Craig S McLachlan, Eugene Kotlyar
INTRODUCTION: Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is a potentially life-threatening condition characterised by elevated pulmonary artery pressure. Early stage PH patients are often asymptomatic. Disease progression is associated with impairment of right ventricular function and progressive dyspnoea. Current guidelines recommend exercise training (grade IIa, level B). However, many questions remain regarding the mechanisms of improvement, intensity of supervision and optimal frequency, duration and intensity of exercise...
February 6, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166116/cerebral-blood-flow-responses-to-aquatic-treadmill-exercise
#16
Rhodri Parfitt, Marianne Y Hensman, Samuel J E Lucas
INTRODUCTION: Aquatic treadmills are used as a rehabilitation method for conditions such as spinal cord injury, osteoarthritis and stroke, and can facilitate an earlier return to exercise training for athletes. However, their effect on cerebral blood flow (CBF) responses has not been examined. We tested the hypothesis that aquatic treadmill exercise would augment CBF and lower heart rate compared to land-based treadmill exercise. METHODS: Eleven participants completed incremental exercise (crossover design) starting from walking pace [4 km/h, immersed to iliac crest (aquatic), 6 km/h (land)] and increasing 1 km/h every 2 min up to 10 km/h for aquatic (maximum belt speed) or 12 km/h for land...
February 4, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159358/patients-preference-for-exercise-setting-and-its-influence-on-the-health-benefits-gained-from-exercise-based-cardiac-rehabilitation
#17
Lars H Tang, Selina Kikkenborg Berg, Jan Christensen, Jannik Lawaetz, Patrick Doherty, Rod S Taylor, Henning Langberg, Ann-Dorthe Zwisler
OBJECTIVE: To assess patient preference for exercise setting and examine if choice of setting influences the long-term health benefit of exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation. METHODS: Patients participating in a randomised controlled trial following either heart valve surgery, or radiofrequency ablation for atrial fibrillation were given the choice to perform a 12-week exercise programme in either a supervised centre-based, or a self-management home-based setting...
January 27, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157746/prevention-and-management-of-poststroke-complications
#18
Josephine F Huang
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This article provides a synopsis of the immediate and delayed medical complications of stroke, with an emphasis on prevention and management of these complications. RECENT FINDINGS: Meta-analysis of the trials for endovascular treatment of acute stroke shows no significant increase in hemorrhagic events. Rehabilitation guidelines published by the American Heart Association and American Stroke Association in 2016 aid in providing the best clinical practice for patients with stroke, from the time of their initial hospitalization to their return to the community...
February 2017: Continuum: Lifelong Learning in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150485/obesity-and-cardiovascular-diseases
#19
Sergey Kachur, Carl J Lavie, Alban DE Schutter, Richard V Milani, Hector O Ventura
Obesity is increasingly more common in post-industrial societies, and the burden of childhood obesity is increasing. The major effects of obesity on cardiovascular (CV) health are mediated through the risk of metabolic syndrome (insulin-resistance, dyslipidemia, and hypertension), such that an absence of these risk factors in obese individuals may not be associated with increased mortality risk. In individuals already diagnosed with chronic CV disease (CVD), the overweight and class I obese have significant associations with improved survival...
February 1, 2017: Minerva Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144415/acute-cardiovascular-and-hemodynamic-responses-to-low-intensity-eccentric-resistance-exercise-with-blood-flow-restriction
#20
Behzad Bazgir, Mojtaba Rezazadeh Valojerdi, Hamid Rajabi, Rouhollah Fathi, Seyed Mojtaba Ojaghi, Mohammad Kazem Emami Meybodi, Gabriel R Neto, Mostafa Rahimi, Alireza Asgari
BACKGROUND: Recently it has been suggested that low intensity (LI) resistance exercise (RE) alone or in combination with blood flow restriction (BFR) can be applied for cardiovascular function improvement or rehabilitation. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to investigate the acute effects of LI eccentric RE with and without BFR on heart rate (HR), rate pressure product (RPP), blood pressure (BP) parameters [systolic, diastolic, and mean arterial pressure (MAP)], oxygen saturation (SpO2) and rate of perceived exertion (RPE)...
December 2016: Asian Journal of Sports Medicine
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