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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426253/using-computerized-mental-health-programs-in-alternative-education-understanding-the-requirements-of-students-and-staff
#1
Tuuli Kuosmanen, Theresa M Fleming, Margaret M Barry
Computerized cognitive behavioral therapy (cCBT) programs have been shown to be both acceptable and effective with youth. However, their use with more vulnerable youth, such as early school leavers, remains relatively unstudied. This study explored student and staff attitudes toward the use of cCBT in an alternative education setting. METHODS: Student and staff needs were assessed using the Requirements development approach (Van Velsen, Wentzel, & Van Gemert-Pijnen, 2013). An online staff survey (n = 16) was conducted to provide information on the context of delivery, and stakeholder requirements were further explored in four student workshops (n = 32) and staff group discussions (n = 12)...
April 20, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405343/role-of-depression-in-diabetes-management-in-an-ethnic-minority-population-a-case-of-korean-americans-with-type-2-diabetes
#2
Miyong To Kim, Kim Byeng Kim, Jisook Ko, Yuri Jang, David Levine, Hochang Benjamin Lee
BACKGROUND: Comorbid depression and diabetes mellitus (DM) compound challenges to disease management such as low health literacy, insufficient access to care, and social or linguistic isolation. Korean Americans (KAs), predominantly first-generation immigrants, suffer from a high prevalence of type 2 DM and depression. Limited research on KAs has prevented the development of effective interventions. OBJECTIVES: To compare the prevalence of depression in KAs with DM and all Americans with/without DM, and to explore correlates of comorbid DM and depression and strategies to address KAs' DM and depression...
2017: BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404541/making-air-pollution-visible-a-tool-for-promoting-environmental-health-literacy
#3
Ekaterina Galkina Cleary, Allison P Patton, Hsin-Ching Wu, Alan Xie, Joseph Stubblefield, William Mass, Georges Grinstein, Susan Koch-Weser, Doug Brugge, Carolyn Wong
BACKGROUND: Digital maps are instrumental in conveying information about environmental hazards geographically. For laypersons, computer-based maps can serve as tools to promote environmental health literacy about invisible traffic-related air pollution and ultrafine particles. Concentrations of these pollutants are higher near major roadways and increasingly linked to adverse health effects. Interactive computer maps provide visualizations that can allow users to build mental models of the spatial distribution of ultrafine particles in a community and learn about the risk of exposure in a geographic context...
April 12, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403747/prevalence-and-predictors-of-suicidal-ideations-and-attempts-among-homeless-children-and-adolescents-in-ghana
#4
Kwaku Oppong Asante, Anna Meyer-Weitz
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the prevalence and risk factors associated with suicidal ideations and attempts among a sample of homeless street children and adolescents found in Accra, Ghana. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of a convenience sample of 227 (122 male and 105 female) homeless youth was conducted in Ghana. An interviewer-administered questionnaire was used to collect data due to a low level of literacy among the study population. Bivariate and multivariate logistic regressions were fitted to analyse the data...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397640/school-based-disaster-recovery-promotion-of-children-s-mental-health-over-the-long-haul
#5
Elizabeth Peacock-Chambers, Pilar Del Canto, Douglas Ahlers, Mario Valdivia Peralta, Judith Palfrey
The February 2010 earthquake and tsunamis destroyed 80% of the coastal town of Dichato, Chile, displacing over 400 families for nearly 4 years. The coalition Recupera Chile (RC) participated in the town's integrated recovery process from January 2011 to the present with a focus on children's mental health. The multidisciplinary RC coalition emphasized community-led post-disaster recovery, economic capacity rebuilding, and community health promotion (www.recuperachile.org). RC's child health team fostered partnerships between the local elementary school, health clinic, Universidad de Concepcion, and Boston Children's Hospital...
April 11, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382298/hiv-futures-8-protocol-for-a-repeated-cross-sectional-and-longitudinal-survey-of-people-living-with-hiv-in-australia
#6
Jennifer Power, Graham Brown, Anthony Lyons, Rachel Thorpe, Gary W Dowsett, Jayne Lucke
INTRODUCTION: More than 27,000 Australians currently live with HIV. Most of these people have access to quality clinical care and antiretroviral treatment (ART) and can expect good general health. However, HIV-related stigma is a problem and many people living with HIV experience poorer than average mental health. Issues of aging are also of increasing concern. This paper describes the methods and sample for the HIV Futures 8 study, a national survey of people living with HIV in Australia that aimed to identify factors that support health and well-being among this population...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380073/a-mixed-methods-approach-to-adapting-and-evaluating-the-functional-assessment-of-hiv-infection-fahi-swahili-version-for-use-with-low-literacy-populations
#7
Moses K Nyongesa, Antipa Sigilai, Amin S Hassan, Janet Thoya, Rachael Odhiambo, Fons J R Van de Vijver, Charles R J C Newton, Amina Abubakar
BACKGROUND: Despite bearing the largest HIV-related burden, little is known of the Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) among people living with HIV in sub-Saharan Africa. One of the factors contributing to this gap in knowledge is the lack of culturally adapted and validated measures of HRQoL that are relevant for this setting. AIMS: We set out to adapt the Functional Assessment of HIV Infection (FAHI) Questionnaire, an HIV-specific measure of HRQoL, and evaluate its internal consistency and validity...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370974/perceptions-of-oral-health-by-those-living-with-mental-illnesses-in-the-victorian-community-the-consumer-s-perspective
#8
H D Ho, J Satur, R Meldrum
OBJECTIVE: To understand the way people living with mental illness in an Australian community experience and define oral health. STUDY POPULATION: People living with serious mental illness in the Victorian Community. METHODS: Qualitative methodologies were used in this study. Two focus groups and four semi-structured interviews were conducted. The data were transcribed and thematically analysed. RESULTS: Participants generally valued oral health and recognized that attending regular dental appointments played a key role in improving their oral health...
March 29, 2017: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369396/strengthening-mental-health-system-governance-in-six-low-and-middle-income-countries-in-africa-and-south-asia-challenges-needs-and-potential-strategies
#9
Inge Petersen, Debbie Marais, Jibril Abdulmalik, Shalini Ahuja, Atalay Alem, Dan Chisholm, Catherine Egbe, Oye Gureje, Charlotte Hanlon, Crick Lund, Rahul Shidhaye, Mark Jordans, Fred Kigozi, James Mugisha, Nawaraj Upadhaya, Graham Thornicroft
Poor governance has been identified as a barrier to effective integration of mental health care in low- and middle-income countries. Governance includes providing the necessary policy and legislative framework to promote and protect the mental health of a population, as well as health system design and quality assurance to ensure optimal policy implementation. The aim of this study was to identify key governance challenges, needs and potential strategies that could facilitate adequate integration of mental health into primary health care settings in low- and middle-income countries...
February 27, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367774/the-singaporean-public-beliefs-about-the-causes-of-mental-illness-results-from-a-multi-ethnic-population-based-study
#10
S Pang, M Subramaniam, S P Lee, Y W Lau, E Abdin, B Y Chua, L Picco, J A Vaingankar, S A Chong
AIMS: To identify the common causal beliefs of mental illness in a multi-ethnic Southeast Asian community and describe the sociodemographic associations to said beliefs. The factor structure to the causal beliefs scale is explored. The causal beliefs relating to five different mental illnesses (alcohol abuse, depression, obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), dementia and schizophrenia) and desire for social distance are also investigated. METHODS: Data from 3006 participants from a nationwide vignette-based study on mental health literacy were analysed using factor analysis and multiple logistic regression to address the aims...
April 3, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355928/measurement-properties-of-mental-health-literacy-tools-measuring-help-seeking-a-systematic-review
#11
Yifeng Wei, Patrick J McGrath, Jill Hayden, Stan Kutcher
BACKGROUND: Mental health literacy is important to improve help-seeking behaviors. However, the quality of mental health help-seeking tools remains unknown. AIMS: We conducted a systematic review to appraise the quality of such tools. METHODS: We searched databases for English publications addressing psychometrics of help-seeking tools. We included help-seeking tools addressing mental health in general and tools on four mental disorders: anxiety, depression, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and schizophrenia...
March 30, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335758/what-s-wrong-with-john-a-randomised-controlled-trial-of-mental-health-first-aid-mhfa-training-with-nursing-students
#12
Sharyn Burns, Gemma Crawford, Jonathan Hallett, Kristen Hunt, Hui Jun Chih, P J Matt Tilley
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of mental health problems have been found to be higher among university students compared to their non-student peers. Nursing students in particular face a range of additional stressors which may impact their undergraduate performance and their careers. Mental Health First Aid (MHFA) aims to increase mental health literacy and to reduce stigma and may positively impact on the student population. This paper describes a MHFA randomised controlled trial targeting nursing students at a large Australian university...
March 23, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292571/health-literacy-and-quality-of-care-of-patients-with-diabetes-a-cross-sectional-analysis
#13
Emilie Zuercher, Ibrahima Dina Diatta, Bernard Burnand, Isabelle Peytremann-Bridevaux
BACKGROUND: Limited health literacy (HL) may lead to poor health outcomes and inappropriate healthcare use, particularly in patients with chronic diseases. We aimed to assess the association between functional HL (FHL) and quality of care, as measured by process- and outcome-of-care indicators, in patients with diabetes. METHODS: This cross-sectional study used data from the 2013 CoDiab-VD cohort follow-up, which included non-institutionalised adults with diabetes from canton of Vaud, Switzerland...
June 2017: Primary Care Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290733/comparing-mental-health-literacy-and-physical-health-literacy-an-exploratory-study
#14
Robert Wickstead, Adrian Furnham
BACKGROUND: This study compared mental health and physical health literacy using five health problems from each area. AIMS: The aim was to determine whether the same group had better physical than mental health literacy Method: A sample of 263 participants completed an online questionnaire requiring them to name a problem/illness described in 10 vignettes and suggest treatment options. Five vignettes described mental health problems (anxiety, bipolar-disorder, depression, OCPD and schizophrenia) and five physical problems (angina, COPD, diabetes, a heart attack, and sinusitis)...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275997/caring-by-numbers-evaluation-of-inconsistencies-and-incompleteness-in-the-reporting-of-racial-and-ethnic-data
#15
Beth Marie Hartzler, Angela Snyder
Significant health disparities throughout the lifespan have long been evident within the American, non-White population. These differences include increased incidence of infant mortality, childhood hospitalization, diabetes, mental and behavioral health problems, cardiovascular disease, and late-stage cancer diagnoses. These types of disparities could be addressed by identifying those individuals at greatest risk for chronic disease or higher mortality rates and improving their health literacy and access to care...
March 8, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274209/mental-health-literacy-about-schizophrenia-and-depression-a-survey-among-chinese-caregivers-of-patients-with-mental-disorder
#16
Shubao Chen, Qiuxia Wu, Chang Qi, Huiqiong Deng, Xuyi Wang, Haoyu He, Jiang Long, Yifan Xiong, Tieqiao Liu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the knowledge of schizophrenia and depression among caregivers of patients with mental disorder in China. METHOD: A convenience sample of 402 caregivers at the Department of Psychiatry of a general hospital in China was investigated (response rate 95.7%), using vignettes based investigation methodology. RESULTS: The number of caregivers using the term "depression" to describe the depression vignette was 43.6%, which was significantly higher than the number of caregivers using the term "schizophrenia" to describe the schizophrenia one (28...
March 9, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217273/mental-health-literacy-among-undergraduate-students-of-a-saudi-tertiary-institution-a-cross-sectional-study
#17
Mohamed S Mahfouz, Abdulwahab Aqeeli, Anwar M Makeen, Ramzi M Hakami, Hatim H Najmi, Abdullkarim T Mobarki, Mohammad H Haroobi, Saeed M Almalki, Mohammad A Mahnashi, Osayd A Ageel
The issue of mental health literacy has been widely studied in developed countries, with few studies conducted in Arab countries. In this study we aimed to investigate mental health literacy and attitudes towards psychiatric patients among students of Jazan University, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. A crosssectional study was conducted among undergraduate students using a validated Arabicversion questionnaire. A total of 557 students were recruited from different Jazan university colleges. The majority of students (90...
November 23, 2016: Mental Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195649/validity-and-utility-of-the-patient-health-questionnaire-phq-2-and-phq-9-for-screening-and-diagnosis-of-depression-in-rural-chiapas-mexico-a-cross-sectional-study
#18
Jafet Arrieta, Mercedes Aguerrebere, Giuseppe Raviola, Hugo Flores, Patrick Elliott, Azucena Espinosa, Andrea Reyes, Eduardo Ortiz-Panozo, Elena G Rodriguez-Gutierrez, Joia Mukherjee, Daniel Palazuelos, Molly F Franke
BACKGROUND: Depressive disorders are frequently under diagnosed in resource-limited settings because of lack of access to mental health care or the inability of healthcare providers to recognize them. The Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ)-2 and the PHQ-9 have been widely used for screening and diagnosis of depression in primary care settings; however, the validity of their use in rural, Spanish-speaking populations is unknown. METHOD: We used a cross-sectional design to assess the psychometric properties of the PHQ-9 for depression diagnosis and estimated the sensitivity and specificity of the PHQ-2 for depression screening...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28189082/influence-of-age-and-gender-on-mental-health-literacy-of-anxiety-disorders
#19
Eleana Hadjimina, Adrian Furnham
This study explored the influence of age and gender on Mental Health Literacy (MHL) of various anxiety disorders. The aim was to determine whether the gender and age of participants and gender of the disorders character had a significant effect on their ability to recognise a range of anxiety disorders. A convenience sample of 162 individuals (aged 18-70yrs) completed one of two questionnaires, which differed only on the gender of the vignette's character. Participants had to label the "problems" of individual in six vignettes and state their opinion on how well adjusted the characters were in terms of happiness and work and personal relationships...
May 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185206/what-you-don-t-know-can-hurt-you-the-risk-of-language-deprivation-by-impairing-sign-language-development-in-deaf-children
#20
Wyatte C Hall
A long-standing belief is that sign language interferes with spoken language development in deaf children, despite a chronic lack of evidence supporting this belief. This deserves discussion as poor life outcomes continue to be seen in the deaf population. This commentary synthesizes research outcomes with signing and non-signing children and highlights fully accessible language as a protective factor for healthy development. Brain changes associated with language deprivation may be misrepresented as sign language interfering with spoken language outcomes of cochlear implants...
May 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
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