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mental health literacy

Herman Veenker, Wolter Paans
BACKGROUND: Research within the framework of Self-Determination Theory (SDT) indicates that patients' autonomy is to be considered a critical health care outcome in its own right since it promotes improved mental and physical health. This paper presents an analysis of studies addressing communication and interaction interventions in health literacy curricula for medical and health care practitioners, focusing on patient-oriented skills in "making sense" and "to adapt and self-manage"...
October 21, 2016: BMC Medical Education
Huifang Yin, Michael R Phillips, Klaas J Wardenaar, Guangming Xu, Johan Ormel, Hongjun Tian, Robert A Schoevers
Mental health in China is of growing concern to both policy-makers and researchers. The Tianjin Mental Health Survey (TJMHS) was conducted between July 2011 and March 2012 to assess the prevalence and risk factors of mental disorders in the context of recent economic growth and other socio-demographic changes in Tianjin, a municipality of 13 million on China's eastern seaboard. A multistage cluster random sample selected using probability proportionate to size methods participated in a two-phase screening procedure: 11,748 subjects 18 or older were screened for risk of psychopathology and then an enriched risk-proportional subsample of 4,438 subjects was interviewed by psychiatrists using an expanded Chinese version of the Structured Clinical Interview for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual, Fourth Edition (DSM-IV) Axis I disorders (SCID)...
October 21, 2016: International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research
Nan Sook Park, Yuri Jang, David A Chiriboga
OBJECTIVES: Despite a high prevalence of mental health problems, racial/ethnic minorities are often reluctant to seek mental health services. Their reluctance may be shaped by cultural beliefs and stigma about mental health. The present study examined how beliefs and stigma about depression (e.g. disbelief in depression as a health-related condition, perception of depression as a normal part of aging, and/or depression as a sign of personal weakness/family shame) pose barriers to older Korean Americans' willingness to use mental health counseling and antidepressants...
October 21, 2016: Ethnicity & Health
Ugo Ikwuka, Niall Galbraith, Ken Manktelow, Josephine Chen-Wilson, Femi Oyebode, Rosemary C Muomah, Anuli Igboaka
The striking gaps in formal mental health care in the developing world are largely traceable to Instrumental and Ideological Barriers. Focusing on south-eastern Nigeria, the study aimed to establish the relative weight, significance and determinants of these barriers for prioritised policy interventions. Multistage sampling method was used to select participants (n = 706) to whom questionnaires were administered. Ideological Barriers (cultural and mental health literacy constraints) were more significantly perceived (84...
2016: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
Young Sun Kim, T Greg Rhee, Hee Yun Lee, Byung Hyun Park, Monica L Sharratt
BACKGROUND: Existing literature suggests that mental health literacy is positively associated with mental health services utilization. Despite an aging population that faces significant mental health concerns in Korea, the role of mental health literacy on mental health services utilization is not known among older adults in Korea. This study aimed to (1) identify whether mental health literacy mediates the association between population characteristics and mental health services utilization and (2) identify an optimal path model for mental health services utilization among Korean older adults...
October 20, 2016: International Psychogeriatrics
Kane Race, Toby Lea, Dean Murphy, Kiran Pienaar
There are complex historical connections between sexual minoritisation and desires to chemically alter bodily experience. For gay men, drug and alcohol use can be a creative or experimental response to social marginalisation - and not necessarily a problematic one in every instance. Numerous studies have found that infection with HIV and other sexually transmissible infections (STIs) is more likely among gay and men who have sex with men (MSM) who use recreational drugs than those who do not, but the causal nature of these relations is uncertain...
October 7, 2016: Sexual Health
Li-Ling Lin, Chiu-Chu Lin
Diabetes is a huge problem that has been recognized as an important healthcare issue by most national governments. Diabetes affects patients not only in terms of physical health but also in terms of mental health. Furthermore, the medical costs that are associated with diabetes are considerable. Many countries have developed integrated care models for the treatment of diabetes and pay particular attention to assisting patients that require complicated care. Evidence from empirical studies shows that the integrated care of diabetes reduces complications, increases patients' health literacy, and decreases medical costs...
October 2016: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
Matthew C Lohman, Karen L Whiteman, Frank E Yeomans, Sheila A Cherico, Winifred R Christ
OBJECTIVE: Resources and treatment for individuals with borderline personality disorder (BPD) are limited and often difficult to obtain. This article aimed to identify key resources for and barriers to obtaining supportive and treatment services for BPD from the perspective of individuals seeking information or services related to BPD ("BPD care seekers"). METHODS: Data came from transcripts of resource requests to the Borderline Personality Disorder Resource Center from January 2008 to December 2015 (N=6,253)...
October 3, 2016: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
Mary R Janevic, Amparo C Aruquipa Yujra, Nicolle Marinec, Juvenal Aguilar, James E Aikens, Rosa Tarrazona, John D Piette
BACKGROUND: Innovative, scalable solutions are needed to address the vast unmet need for mental health care in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). METHODS: We conducted a feasibility study of a 14-week automated telephonic interactive voice response (IVR) depression self-care service among Bolivian primary care patients with at least moderately severe depressive symptoms. We analyzed IVR call completion rates, the reliability and validity of IVR-collected data, and participant satisfaction...
2016: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
Sarity Dodson, Tanya Osicka, Louis Huang, Lawrence P McMahon, Matthew A Roberts
Health literacy (HL) refers to a person's ability to engage effectively with health information and services. We aimed to describe the HL of people receiving dialysis and the factors associated with it. A cross-sectional design was used, with demographic and clinical data as predictors. Participants were people receiving dialysis at a metropolitan health service in Melbourne, Australia. Health consumers with conditions not requiring dialysis were included for comparison. The Health Literacy Questionnaire, Kidney Disease Quality of Life-36, and Depression Anxiety Stress Scales-21 were administered...
2016: Journal of Health Communication
Edimansyah Abdin, Mythily Subramaniam, Louisa Picco, Shirlene Pang, Janhavi Ajit Vaingankar, Shazana Shahwan, Vathsala Sagayadevan, Yunjue Zhang, Siow Ann Chong
PURPOSE: The present study aims to examine the impact of chronic conditions after adjusting for differential item functioning (DIF) on the various aspects of health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in a multi-ethnic Asian population in Singapore. METHOD: Data on 3006 participants from a nation-wide cross-sectional survey of mental health literacy conducted in Singapore were used. Multiple Indicators Multiple Causes model was used to investigate the effects of chronic medical conditions on various HRQoL dimensions assessed with the 36-item Medical Outcomes Study Short Form Health Survey (SF-36) after adjusting for DIF...
September 27, 2016: Quality of Life Research
Misty A W Hawkins, Mary A Dolansky, Jennifer B Levin, Julie T Schaefer, John Gunstad, Joseph D Redle, Richard Josephson, Joel W Hughes
OBJECTIVES: Determine the relationship between cognitive function and health literacy in heart failure (HF) knowledge in patients with HF. BACKGROUND: HF requires extensive, complex treatment; thus, cognition and health literacy may contribute to understanding and self-management of HF. METHODS: Participants were 330 HF outpatients. Health literacy was assessed using the Medical Term Recognition Test and the Rapid Estimate of Adult Literacy in Medicine...
September 2016: Heart & Lung: the Journal of Critical Care
Caitlin G Allen, Colleen M McBride, Hector G Balcazar, Kim A Kaphingst
Poor understanding of gene-environment contributors to health conditions can lead the public to misinterpretations that overemphasize genetics as determinants of health. The present commentary calls for engaging the national community health worker (CHW) workforce to use community elicitation methods such as mental models approaches as a means to enhance the public's literacy regarding genetic and environmental or genomic contributions to health. We discuss three needs related to genomic literacy and suggest how CHWs are uniquely positioned to address these needs among diverse target audiences...
2016: Journal of Health Communication
Kim Gryglewicz, Jason I Chen, Gabriela D Romero, Marc S Karver, Melissa Witmeier
BACKGROUND: Many mental health professionals (MHPs) encounter youth at risk for suicide but lack knowledge and confidence to assist these individuals. Unfortunately, training for MHPs on suicide risk assessment and management is often not adequately accessible. AIMS: The aim of this study was to evaluate whether MHPs' knowledge, attitudes, perceived social norms, and perceived behavioral control in working with at-risk suicidal youth improve following an online training (QPRT: Question, Persuade, Refer, Treat)...
September 23, 2016: Crisis
Shi-Chen Zhang, Fang-Biao Tao, Xiao-Yan Wu, Shu-Man Tao, Jun Fang
BACKGROUND: Low health literacy (HL) has been known to be involved in various risk behaviors and mental disorder among adolescent. The purpose of this study was to examine the independent and interactive association between HL and self-reported mental health with non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) in Chinese middle school students. METHODS: Twenty five thousand three hundred seventy-eight junior and high school students in China were enrolled in this study. The outcomes were self-reported HL, psychological symptoms and NSSI...
2016: BMC Psychiatry
Heather L Storer, Katyayani R Strohl
Teen dating violence (TDV) is a significant public health issue. Preventing TDV requires attention to risk and protective factors across ecological system levels. The media is one of the primary cultural drivers of societal-level social scripts about the causes of TDV. Framing theory asserts that the media's portrayal of social issues, including what contextual information is included and/or excluded, affects individual-level attitudes about TDV and potential policy responses. This study investigates the representation of TDV in young adult (YA) literature, a media genre that is marketed to adolescent audiences...
September 18, 2016: Violence Against Women
Sumin Na, Andrew G Ryder, Laurence J Kirmayer
Studies have consistently found that East Asian immigrants in North America are less likely to use mental health services even when they experience levels of distress comparable to Euro-Americans. Although cultural factors that may prevent East Asian immigrants from seeking mental health care have been identified, few studies have explored ways to foster appropriate help-seeking and use of mental health services. Recent work on mental health literacy provides a potential framework for strategies to increase appropriate help-seeking and use of services...
September 2016: American Journal of Community Psychology
Tiffany Melioli, Magali Rispal, Laura M Hart, Henri Chabrol, Rachel F Rodgers
AIM: The literature has highlighted that strategies to increase appropriate and timely treatment seeking for eating disorders (EDs) are needed. The aim of this study was to use the Internet to disseminate guidelines for providing first aid to individuals suffering from ED among college students. METHODS: Users were invited to complete two surveys: an initial one assessing user characteristics and, 28 days later, a questionnaire assessing the perceived usefulness of the guidelines...
August 31, 2016: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
M C Angermeyer, G Schomerus
AIMS: Population surveys have become a frequently used method to explore stigma, help-seeking and illness beliefs related to mental illness. Methodological quality however differs greatly between studies, and our current knowledge seems heavily biased towards high-income countries. A critical appraisal of advances and shortcomings of psychiatric attitude research is missing. This review summarises and appraises the state of the art in population-based attitude research on mental health...
August 30, 2016: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
David T Eton, Kathleen J Yost, Jin-Shei Lai, Jennifer L Ridgeway, Jason S Egginton, Jordan K Rosedahl, Mark Linzer, Deborah H Boehm, Azra Thakur, Sara Poplau, Laura Odell, Victor M Montori, Carl R May, Roger T Anderson
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to develop and validate a new comprehensive patient-reported measure of treatment burden-the Patient Experience with Treatment and Self-management (PETS). METHODS: A conceptual framework was used to derive the PETS with items reviewed and cognitively tested with patients. A survey battery, including a pilot version of the PETS, was mailed to 838 multi-morbid patients from two healthcare institutions for validation. RESULTS: A total of 332 multi-morbid patients returned completed surveys...
August 26, 2016: Quality of Life Research
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