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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899398/feasibility-qualitative-findings-and-satisfaction-of-a-brief-tai-chi-mind-body-programme-for-veterans-with-post-traumatic-stress-symptoms
#1
Barbara L Niles, DeAnna L Mori, Craig P Polizzi, Anica Pless Kaiser, Annie M Ledoux, Chenchen Wang
OBJECTIVE: To examine feasibility, qualitative feedback and satisfaction associated with a 4-session introduction to Tai Chi for veterans with post-traumatic stress symptoms. DESIGN: We observed and reported recruitment and retention rates, participant characteristics, adherence, and satisfaction across 2 cohorts. We also examined qualitative feedback provided by questionnaires, focus groups and individual interviews. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Rates of recruitment and retention, focus group and individual feedback interviews, self-reported satisfaction...
November 29, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873541/the-relationship-between-suppression-and-subsequent-intrusions-the-mediating-role-of-peritraumatic-dissociation-and-anxiety
#2
Cornelia Măirean, Ciprian Marius Ceobanu
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Although previous studies showed that thought and emotion suppression represent risk factors for intrusions development, the mechanisms that explain these relations were less explored. This study aims to examine the relationships between thought and emotion suppression and the symptoms of intrusion following the exposure to a trauma-related event. Moreover, we explored if these relationships would be mediated by peritraumatic state dissociation and state anxiety...
November 22, 2016: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822664/assessment-of-motivational-cognitions-in-diabetes-self-care-the-motivation-thought-frequency-scales-for-glucose-testing-physical-activity-and-healthy-eating
#3
Sophie C Parham, David J Kavanagh, Christian A Gericke, Neil King, Jon May, Jackie Andrade
PURPOSE: There is a need for improved measurement of motivation for diabetes self-care. The Elaborated Intrusion Theory of Desire offers a coherent framework for understanding and identifying the cognitive-affective events that constitute the subjective experience of motivation and may therefore inform the development of such an instrument. Recent research has shown the resultant Motivation Thought Frequency scale (MTF) to have a stable factor structure (Intensity, Incentives Imagery, Self-Efficacy Imagery, Availability) when applied to physical activity, excessive snacking or alcohol use in the general population...
November 7, 2016: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816010/do-meta-cognitive-beliefs-affect-meta-awareness-of-intrusive-thoughts-about-trauma
#4
Melanie K T Takarangi, Diane Nayda, Deryn Strange, Reginald D V Nixon
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: People exposed to trauma often experience intrusive thoughts and memories about that event. Research examining people's responses to trauma assumes that people can accurately notice the occurrence of symptoms. However, we know from the broader cognitive literature on 'mind-wandering' that people are not always aware of their current focus of attention. That lack of awareness has implications for our theoretical and practical understanding of how trauma survivors recover from their experience...
October 24, 2016: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807685/ocd-taboo-thoughts-and-stigmatizing-attitudes-in-clinicians
#5
Daniel S Steinberg, Chad T Wetterneck
Individuals who suffer from obsessive-compulsive disorder have persistent intrusive thoughts that cause severe distress that impairs daily functioning. These individuals often conceal their intrusive thoughts and delay help-seeking for fear of being stigmatized. Stigma can be problematic when it is present among mental health professionals because they may distance themselves from their clients and have a negative outlook on treatment outcome. To date there has not been any research that focuses on stigma that clinician's may hold towards obsessive-compulsive disorder or specific obsessions; however, there is evidence that mental health professionals may have prejudices towards individuals who suffer from other mental illnesses...
November 2, 2016: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788235/worrying-thoughts-limit-working-memory-capacity-in-math-anxiety
#6
Zhan Shi, Peiru Liu
Sixty-one high-math-anxious persons and sixty-one low-math-anxious persons completed a modified working memory capacity task, designed to measure working memory capacity under a dysfunctional math-related context and working memory capacity under a valence-neutral context. Participants were required to perform simple tasks with emotionally benign material (i.e., lists of letters) over short intervals while simultaneously reading and making judgments about sentences describing dysfunctional math-related thoughts or sentences describing emotionally-neutral facts about the world...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757706/quality-of-life-trajectories-after-diagnosis-of-gynecologic-cancer-a-theoretically-based-approach
#7
Brian D Gonzalez, Sharon L Manne, Jerod Stapleton, Shannon Myers-Virtue, Melissa Ozga, David Kissane, Carolyn Heckman, Mark Morgan
PURPOSE: The course of quality of life after diagnosis of gynecologic cancer is not well understood. We aimed to identify subgroups of gynecologic cancer patients with distinct trajectories of quality of life outcomes in the 18-month period after diagnosis. We also aimed to determine whether these subgroups could be distinguished by predictors derived from Social-Cognitive Processing Theory. METHODS: Gynecologic cancer patients randomized to usual care as part of a psychological intervention trial (NCT01951807) reported on depressed mood, quality of life, and physical impairment soon after diagnosis and at five additional assessments ending 18 months after baseline...
October 19, 2016: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756670/case-report-anterior-cingulate-implant-for-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#8
Dirk De Ridder, Sook Ling Leong, Patrick Manning, Sven Vanneste, Paul Glue
BACKGROUND: Obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) is a brain disorder with a lifetime prevalence of 2.3%, causing severe functional impairment as a result of anxiety and distress, persistent and repetitive, unwanted, intrusive thoughts (obsessions), and repetitive ritualized behavior (compulsions). Approximately 40-60% of patients with OCD fail to satisfactorily respond to standard treatments. Intractable OCD has been treated by anterior capsulotomy and cingulotomy, but more recently neurostimulation approaches have become more popular due to their reversibility...
October 15, 2016: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27739347/neuronal-nitric-oxide-synthase-polymorphisms-in-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#9
Muruvvet Topaloglu, Erdem Tuzun, Huseyin Gulec, Elif Sinem Bireller, Bedia Cakmakoglu, Cem Ismail Kucukali
BACKGROUND: Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a mental disease characterized by recurrent and intrusive thoughts and repetitive behaviours that negatively affect the quality-of-life of the patients. Recent studies have implicated the participation of neuronal nitric oxide in OCD pathogenesis as a neurotransmitter modulator. AIMS: To identify whether variations in neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) genes may render individuals susceptible to OCD development...
October 14, 2016: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738084/the-impact-of-nursing-protocols-on-continuous-special-observation
#10
Richard Ray, Evelyn Perkins, Patricia Roberts, Lisa Fuller
BACKGROUND: Continuous Special Observation (CSO) is commonly ordered for patients at risk to injure themselves or others and involves assigning staff to monitor one patient at all times. CSO is intrusive, costly, and often has deleterious effects on patient care. Two nursing protocols were developed as alternative interventions to CSO. The first protocol, Psychiatric Nursing Availability (PNA), was designed to treat patients having suicidal or self-injurious thoughts. The second protocol, Psychiatric Monitoring and Intervention (PMI), was designed to prevent violent and impulsive behavior...
October 13, 2016: Journal of the American Psychiatric Nurses Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27736105/individual-differences-in-the-impact-of-vicarious-racism-african-american-students-react-to-the-george-zimmerman-trial
#11
Tyler B Mason, Ralitsa S Maduro, Valerian J Derlega, Desi S Hacker, Barbara A Winstead, Jacqueline E Haywood
Objective: This research focused on how race-based rejection sensitivity (RS-Race) and components of racial identity intensify negative psychological reactions to an incident of vicarious racism. We examined how these individual difference variables directly and/or indirectly predicted African American students' reactions to the trial of George Zimmerman in the killing of the African American teenager, Trayvon Martin. Method: In Study 1, 471 African American students completed measures of RS-Race, thought intrusions about the Zimmerman trial, and outcome variables (negative affect about the Zimmerman trial and forgiveness for Mr...
October 13, 2016: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27695146/stress-related-symptoms-and-suicidal-ideation-the-roles-of-rumination-and-depressive-symptoms-vary-by-gender
#12
Lillian Polanco-Roman, Judelysse Gomez, Regina Miranda, Elizabeth Jeglic
There is a growing body of literature suggesting that reactions to stressful life events, such as intrusive thoughts, physiological hyperarousal, and cognitive/behavioral avoidance (i.e., stress-related symptoms) may increase risk for thinking about and attempting suicide. Cognitive vulnerability models have identified rumination (i.e., perseverating on a negative mood) as a maladaptive response that may increase risk for suicidal behavior, as it has also been linked to depression. The present study examined the direct and indirect effects of stress-related symptoms on suicidal ideation through rumination and depressive symptoms...
October 2016: Cognitive Therapy and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27664818/playing-the-computer-game-tetris-prior-to-viewing-traumatic-film-material-and-subsequent-intrusive-memories-examining-proactive-interference
#13
Ella L James, Alex Lau-Zhu, Hannah Tickle, Antje Horsch, Emily A Holmes
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Visuospatial working memory (WM) tasks performed concurrently or after an experimental trauma (traumatic film viewing) have been shown to reduce subsequent intrusive memories (concurrent or retroactive interference, respectively). This effect is thought to arise because, during the time window of memory consolidation, the film memory is labile and vulnerable to interference by the WM task. However, it is not known whether tasks before an experimental trauma (i...
December 2016: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27593209/mixed-mania-associated-with-cessation-of-breastfeeding
#14
Kristen A Schmidt, Brian A Palmer, Mark A Frye
BACKGROUND: This case chronicles the unique presentation of psychotic mixed mania in a female 5 months after parturition and 1 week following breastfeeding discontinuation, highlighting a rarely recognized mania risk factor that is temporally delayed from parturition: breastfeeding discontinuation. CASE PRESENTATION: A 25-year-old G1P1 female with a past psychiatric history of a depressive episode in adolescence presented to the Emergency Department with her 5-month-old daughter, fiancée, and family 1 week after breastfeeding cessation...
December 2016: International Journal of Bipolar Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27562003/-every-time-that-month-comes-i-remember-using-cognitive-interviews-to-adapt-grief-measures-for-use-with-bereaved-adolescents-in-south-africa
#15
Tory M Taylor, Tonya R Thurman, Lineo Nogela
OBJECTIVE: To assess standard grief measures through cognitive interviews with bereaved adolescents in Free State, South Africa, and make recommendations designed to improve the measurement of grief in this and similar populations. METHODS: Twenty-one parentally bereaved adolescents participated in semi-structured cognitive interviews about the Core Bereavement Items (CBI) questionnaire, Grief Cognitions Questionnaire for Children (GCQ-C), or Intrusive Griefs Thoughts Scale (IGTS)...
July 2016: Journal of Child and Adolescent Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27552671/appraisals-of-and-recommendations-for-managing-intrusive-thoughts-an-empirical-investigation
#16
Alina Z Levine, Debbie M Warman
The present study investigated strategies for managing intrusive thoughts. Eighty undergraduate students read vignettes of intrusive thoughts - blasphemous, sexual, and violent - which varied in frequency of the thought (high or low) and who experienced the thought (self or other). Appraisal ratings of thoughts were completed and participants completed a response strategy survey where they indicated how much they would endorse various methods for dealing with the thoughts. Some response strategies were theorized to help with intrusive thoughts and some were theorized to be unhelpful...
November 30, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27547504/dynamic-interactions-of-the-cortical-networks-during-thought-suppression
#17
Toshihiko Aso, Kazuo Nishimura, Takashi Kiyonaka, Takaaki Aoki, Michiyo Inagawa, Masao Matsuhashi, Yoshikazu Tobinaga, Hidenao Fukuyama
OBJECTIVES: Thought suppression has spurred extensive research in clinical and preclinical fields, particularly with regard to the paradoxical aspects of this behavior. However, the involvement of the brain's inhibitory system in the dynamics underlying the continuous effort to suppress thoughts has yet to be clarified. This study aims to provide a unified perspective for the volitional suppression of internal events incorporating the current understanding of the brain's inhibitory system...
August 2016: Brain and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27525832/dream-content-and-intrusive-thoughts-in-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#18
Simone Cavallotti, Cecilia Casetta, Valentina Fanti, Orsola Gambini, Edoardo G Ostinelli, Rebecca Ranieri, Irene Vanelli, Armando D'Agostino
Although central to any exhaustive theory of human subjectivity, the relationship between dream and waking consciousness remains uncertain. Some findings suggest that dream consciousness can be influenced by severe disorders of thought content. The suppression of unwanted thoughts has been shown to influence dream content in healthy individuals. In order to better define this phenomenon, we evaluated the persistence of obsessive/compulsive themes across the dream and waking cognition of OCD patients and in a control group of healthy subjects...
October 30, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27511295/odor-induced-recall-of-emotional-memories-in-ptsd-review-and-new-paradigm-for-research
#19
Judith K Daniels, Eric Vermetten
It is clinically well known that olfactory intrusions in PTSD can be a disabling phenomena due to the involuntary recall of odor memories. Odorants can trigger involuntary recall of emotional memories as well have the potential to help diminishing emotional arousal as grounding stimuli. Despite major advances in our understanding of the function of olfactory system, the study of the relation of olfaction and emotional memory is still relatively scarce. Odor memory is long thought to be different than other types of memories such as verbal or visual memories, being more strongly engraved and more closely related to strong emotions...
October 2016: Experimental Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27510608/intrusive-thoughts-impulses-and-schizoaffective-disorder
#20
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 10, 2016: Schizophrenia Bulletin
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