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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689637/measurement-of-flow-of-thought-in-68-patients-monitored-in-post-emergency-outpatient-consultations-role-of-ideational-turmoil-in-the-anxiety-depressive-symptomatology
#1
J Vandevoorde, A Sanchez Valero, E Baudoin, S Kamar, B Chabert, T Baudoin
INTRODUCTION: Rumination, cognitive control deficits, cognitive saturation, and loss of inhibition are the major hypotheses used to explain depressive disorders. A few studies have nevertheless looked at the form of thought. In this study, we will test a double measurement of the number of thoughts and a double measurement of the flow of thought together with their correlation with well-being, mental pain, and depression. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Between May and September 2015, 68 subjects, initially admitted as emergencies for acute anxiety depressive disorders and/or suicide attempts and subsequently monitored as post-emergency outpatients in medico-psychological consultations agreed to complete a set of Visual Analogue Scales measuring their well-being, their mental pain, their estimated number of thoughts and the how agitated these thoughts are estimated to be...
July 6, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688964/ageing-and-thought-suppression-performance-its-relationship-with-working-memory-capacity-habitual-thought-suppression-and-mindfulness
#2
James A K Erskine, George J Georgiou, Manavi Joshi, Andrew Deans, Charlene Colegate
A study investigated how the ability to suppress thoughts in the laboratory was affected by type of thought suppressed (positive, negative, neutral), participants' age and working memory capacity (WMC). Linked variables (Use of thought suppression, social desirability, and mindfulness) were measured to assess whether they modified susceptibility to thought intrusion. Younger, middle aged and older adults suppressed three different valenced thoughts in a counterbalanced order for 5-min per thought. Participants then completed a WMC task and questionnaire measures of the linked variables...
July 5, 2017: Consciousness and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665526/cognitive-emotion-regulation-strategies-associated-with-the-dsm-5-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-criteria
#3
Antonia N Kaczkurkin, Yinyin Zang, Natalie G Gay, Alan L Peterson, Jeffrey S Yarvis, Elisa V Borah, Katherine A Dondanville, Elizabeth A Hembree, Brett T Litz, Jim Mintz, Stacey Young-McCaughan, Edna B Foa
Maladaptive cognitive emotion regulation strategies have been proposed to contribute to the maintenance of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Prior work has focused on the relationship between these strategies and PTSD as a whole, rather than on how they are related to each PTSD symptom cluster. The purpose of the current study was to determine whether cognitive emotion regulation strategies are predictive of certain PTSD symptom clusters under the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders 5th ed...
June 30, 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665329/treatment-of-intrusive-suicidal-imagery-using-eye-movements
#4
Jaël S van Bentum, Marit Sijbrandij, Marcus J H Huibers, Annemiek Huisman, Arnoud Arntz, Emily A Holmes, Ad J F M Kerkhof
Suicide and suicidal behavior are major public health concerns, and affect 3-9% of the population worldwide. Despite increased efforts for national suicide prevention strategies, there are still few effective interventions available for reducing suicide risk. In this article, we describe various theoretical approaches for suicide ideation and behavior, and propose to examine the possible effectiveness of a new and innovative preventive strategy. A model of suicidal intrusion (mental imagery related to suicide, also referred to as suicidal flash-forwards) is presented describing one of the assumed mechanisms in the etiology of suicide and the mechanism of therapeutic change...
June 30, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645038/when-attention-wanders-pupillometric-signatures-of-fluctuations-in-external-attention
#5
Mahiko Konishi, Kevin Brown, Luca Battaglini, Jonathan Smallwood
Attention is not always directed to events in the external environment. On occasion our thoughts wander to people and places distant from the here and now. Sometimes, this lack of external attention can compromise ongoing task performance. In the current study we set out to understand the extent to which states of internal and external attention can be determined using pupillometry as an index of ongoing cognition. In two experiments we found that periods of slow responding were associated with elevations in the baseline pupil signal over three and a half seconds prior to a behavioural response...
June 20, 2017: Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628740/stuck-in-the-spin-cycle-avoidance-and-intrusions-following-breast-cancer-diagnosis
#6
Margaret R Bauer, Joshua F Wiley, Karen L Weihs, Annette L Stanton
OBJECTIVES: Theories and research regarding cognitive and emotional processing during the experience of profound stressors suggest that the presence of intrusive thoughts and feelings predicts greater use of avoidance and that the use of avoidance paradoxically predicts more intrusions. However, empirical investigations of their purported bidirectional relationship are limited. DESIGN: This study presents a longitudinal investigation of the reciprocal relationship between intrusions and avoidance coping over a 6-month period in the year following breast cancer diagnosis...
June 19, 2017: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621209/habits-and-self-assessed-quality-of-life-negative-intrusive-thoughts-and-depressed-mood-in-patients-with-prostate-cancer-a-longitudinal-study
#7
David Bock, Eva Angenete, Anders Bjartell, Stefan Carlsson, Gunnar Steineck, Johan Stranne, Thordis Thorsteinsdottir, Peter Wiklund, Eva Haglind
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the association of self-assessed preoperative physical activity, alcohol consumption and smoking with self-assessed quality of life, negative intrusive thoughts and depressed mood after radical prostatectomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The Laparoscopic Prostatectomy Robot Open (LAPPRO) trial was a prospective, controlled, non-randomized longitudinal trial of patients (n = 4003) undergoing radical prostatectomy at 14 centers in Sweden...
June 16, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606181/women-s-views-and-experiences-of-a-mobile-phone-based-intervention-to-support-post-abortion-contraception-in-cambodia
#8
Chris Smith, Sokhey Ly, Vannak Uk, Ruby Warnock, Caroline Free
BACKGROUND: The MObile Technology for Improved Family Planning (MOTIF) trial assessed a mobile phone-based intervention comprising voice messages and counsellor support to increase post-abortion contraception at four Marie Stopes International clinics in Cambodia. The aim of this process evaluation was to assess women's views and experiences of receiving the MOTIF intervention, gain insights into the mechanism of action of the intervention and seek recommendations for improvements. METHODS: We conducted a qualitative study comprising15 semi-structured interviews with women who had received the intervention and undertook a simple thematic analysis...
June 12, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595758/hypercognitive-seizures-proposal-of-a-new-term-for-the-phenomenon-forced-thinking-in-epilepsy
#9
REVIEW
C Stephani, M Koubeissi
Here we propose the term hypercognitive seizures as a descriptor for seizures that manifest as a transient mental experience of intrusive thoughts or words that do not consist mainly of reminiscence. Currently, the term forced thinking is used to describe this uncommon seizure semiology, which has also been elicited by electrical brain stimulation. The available literature on forced thinking shows discordant interpretations of its meaning, justifying the suggestion of a new descriptor. In this paper, we would like to suggest and explain the term hypercognitive seizure and argue that this type of seizure lateralizes to the dominant hemisphere...
August 2017: Epilepsy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594202/the-four-faces-of-rumination-to-stressful-events-a-psychometric-analysis
#10
Felipe E García, Almudena Duque, Félix Cova
OBJECTIVE: To increase the knowledge of rumination and its associations with stressful events, we explored the relationships between 4 types of rumination (brooding, reflection, intrusive, and deliberate rumination) in a sample of 750 adult participants who experienced a highly stressful event. We also explored the predictive value of the different types of rumination on posttraumatic stress symptoms and posttraumatic growth 6 months after the highly stressful event occurred. METHOD: Participants completed the Ruminative Response Scale and the Event-Related Rumination Inventory...
June 8, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593599/behavioral-symptoms-of-reported-abuse-in-children-and-adolescents-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-in-inpatient-settings
#11
Jamie Brenner, Zhaoxing Pan, Carla Mazefsky, Kahsi A Smith, Robin Gabriels
The objective of this study was to examine how behavioral manifestations of trauma due to abuse are expressed in youth with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) compared outcomes between patients with a caregiver reported history of abuse and those without. Findings indicate that patients with ASD and reported abuse (i.e. physical, sexual, and/or emotional) have more intrusive thoughts, distressing memories, loss of interest, irritability, and lethargy than those without reported maltreatment...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582699/association-of-prenatal-cocaine-exposure-childhood-maltreatment-and-responses-to-stress-in-adolescence
#12
Meeyoung O Min, Sonia Minnes, June-Yung Kim, Miyoung Yoon, Lynn T Singer
BACKGROUND: Prenatal cocaine exposure (PCE) may alter responses to stress. Children with PCE tend to grow up in suboptimal caregiving environments, conducive to child maltreatment (CM). Guided by the diathesis-stress model, the present study examined differences in self-reported responses to stress and coping in adolescents with and without PCE and explored whether childhood maltreatment (CM) moderated the effects of PCE. METHODS: Adolescents (N=363; 184 PCE, 179 non-cocaine exposed (NCE)), primarily African-American and of low socioeconomic status, were prospectively enrolled in a longitudinal study at birth...
May 26, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576508/a-review-of-the-role-of-serotonin-system-genes-in-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#13
REVIEW
Vanessa M Sinopoli, Christie L Burton, Sefi Kronenberg, Paul D Arnold
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a debilitating neuropsychiatric disorder that causes the patient to experience intrusive thoughts and/or to carry out repetitive, ritualized behaviors that are time consuming and impairing. OCD is familial and heritable. The genetic factors responsible for pathogenesis, however, remain largely unknown despite the numerous candidate gene studies conducted. Based on efficacy of serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SRIs) in treating OCD, serotonin system genes have been a dominant focus in OCD candidate gene studies...
May 30, 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575769/written-accounts-of-living-with-epilepsy-a-thematic-analysis
#14
Gregg H Rawlings, Ian Brown, Brendan Stone, Markus Reuber
This study examines the subjective experience of living with epilepsy by thematically analyzing participants' written accounts of their condition. Writing is seen as an individual act allowing for private exploration, reflection and expression of thoughts and feelings. Participants (n=20) were recruited from a United Kingdom hospital and from membership-led organizations for individuals living with seizures. Participants were asked to produce four pieces of writing: 1) about their thoughts and feelings about their condition; 2) a letter to their condition; 3) a letter to their younger self; and 4) about a personal value...
May 30, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571036/sexual-dynamics-of-married-women-with-interpersonal-dependency-a-qualitative-study-on-iranian-women
#15
Marziye Sharifi, Maryam Fatehizade, Fatemeh Bahrami, Rezvan Alsadat Jazayeri, Ozra Etemadi
BACKGROUND: Considering the lack of documented research on the sexuality of dependent persons, this qualitative study examined sexual dynamics among Iranian married women with excessive interpersonal dependency. METHODS: Interviews with 18 married women with high interpersonal dependency were coded using thematic analysis. RESULTS: Three major areas emerged from the data under which the themes clustered. These were (1) intrapersonal level which included confused sexual cognitions, intrusive thoughts during sex, preoccupation by sexual thoughts, low tolerance for reduction or interruption of sexual activity, and emotional distress during sex, (2) interactional dynamics including imposing pressure on the husband to have sex and assuming a submissive and receptive role during sex, and (3) contextual processes including social stigma and the effects of social phenomena...
June 2, 2017: Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545371/a-psycho-behavioral-perspective-on-modelling-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-ocd-in-animals-the-role-of-context
#16
De Wet Wolmarans, Dan J Stein, Brian H Harvey
Obsessive-compulsive disorder is a heterogeneous and debilitating condition, characterized by intrusive thoughts and compulsive repetition. Animal models of OCD are important tools that have the potential to contribute significantly to our understanding of the condition. Although there is consensus that pre-clinical models are valuable in elucidating the underlying neurobiology in psychiatric disorders, the current paper attempts to prompt ideas on how interpretation of animal behavior can be expanded upon to more effectively converge with the human disorder...
May 23, 2017: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530344/-suppression-of-a-non-trauma-related-threatening-thought-as-an-avoidance-strategy-in-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-patients
#17
Lilach Abramsky-Arazi, Zeev Kaplan, Hagit Cohen
AIMS: Our goal was to examine how suppression of nontrauma- related thoughts differs between PTSD patients and patients with non-PTSD anxiety disorder compared to a group of matched controls. BACKGROUND: Intrusive recollections of aspects of the traumatic event and its sequelae are at the core of the post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). People who have suffered a traumatic event may implement some form of avoidance coping strategies in order to deal with the unwanted memories that accompany them...
December 2016: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526672/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-e-mental-health-interventions-to-treat-symptoms-of-posttraumatic-stress
#18
Sara Simblett, Jennifer Birch, Faith Matcham, Lidia Yaguez, Robin Morris
BACKGROUND: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a stress disorder characterized by unwanted intrusive re-experiencing of an acutely distressing, often life-threatening, event, combined with symptoms of hyperarousal, avoidance, as well as negative thoughts and feelings. Evidence-based psychological interventions have been developed to treat these symptoms and reduce distress, the majority of which were designed to be delivered face-to-face with trained therapists. However, new developments in the use of technology to supplement and extend health care have led to the creation of e-Mental Health interventions...
May 17, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526291/direct-radiocarbon-dating-and-dna-analysis-of-the-darra-i-kur-afghanistan-human-temporal-bone
#19
Katerina Douka, Viviane Slon, Chris Stringer, Richard Potts, Alexander Hübner, Matthias Meyer, Fred Spoor, Svante Pääbo, Tom Higham
The temporal bone discovered in the 1960s from the Darra-i-Kur cave in Afghanistan is often cited as one of the very few Pleistocene human fossils from Central Asia. Here we report the first direct radiocarbon date for the specimen and the genetic analyses of DNA extracted and sequenced from two areas of the bone. The new radiocarbon determination places the find to ∼4500 cal BP (∼2500 BCE) contradicting an assumed Palaeolithic age of ∼30,000 years, as originally suggested. The DNA retrieved from the specimen originates from a male individual who carried mitochondrial DNA of the modern human type...
June 2017: Journal of Human Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524707/asthma-specific-cognitions-self-focused-attention-and-fear-of-negative-evaluation-in-adolescents-and-young-adults-diagnosed-with-childhood-onset-asthma
#20
Ashley N Junghans-Rutelonis, Alayna P Tackett, Kristina I Suorsa, John M Chaney, Larry L Mullins
The present study examined the impact of asthma-specific thought intrusion (TI) and thought suppression (TS) on two cognitive-affective variables (self-focused attention and fear of negative evaluation) among adolescents and young adults (AYAs) diagnosed with childhood-onset asthma. Participants were 290 AYAs who completed assessment questionnaires and participated in a written exercise electronically. Asthma-TI and TS were reported by participants following participation in a writing assignment. Asthma-TI was associated with increased private, public, and social anxiety self-focused attention, and greater fear of negative evaluation...
May 19, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
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