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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911240/an-improvement-program-as-a-way-to-intensify-inter-professional-collaboration-in-the-community-for-people-with-mental-disabilities-a-follow-up
#1
Ann-Christin Janlöv, Ingrid Ainalem, Ann-Christine Andersson, Agneta Berg
The aim of the study was to follow up inter-professional experiences of improvement work one year after a completed CII improvement program aiming at improve health care and social services for people with mental disabilities living in ordinary housing. This study was performed with a qualitative descriptive approach which employed six focus group interviews followed by a thematic analysis. The results revealed four themes; Self-awareness and insights; Behavior and actions in daily practice; Organizational cultures and subcultures; and Organizational practices, using Ken Wilbers' integral theory of four quadrants of realities as a holistic frame in the discussion...
December 2, 2016: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911133/changes-in-cervical-movement-impairment-and-pain-following-orofacial-treatment-in-patients-with-chronic-arthralgic-temporomandibular-disorder-with-pain-a-prospective-case-series
#2
Francis Grondin, Toby Hall
The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of isolated temporomandibular joint (TMJ) manual therapy on pain and range of motion (ROM) of the TMJ and cervical spine including flexion-rotation test (FRT) in people suffering chronic pain arising from chronic arthralgic temporomandibular disorder (TMD). An experienced clinician managed a case series of 12 patients with TMD (mean duration 28.6 months +/- 26.9). The intervention comprised four-weekly sessions of transverse medial accessory TMJ mobilization and advice...
December 2, 2016: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911071/severe-brain-injury-in-massachusetts-assessing-the-continuum-of-care
#3
Laura Lorenz, Gabrielle Katz
Acquired brain injury (ABI) is a major public health problem in Massachusetts (Hackman et al, 2014) and includes traumatic brain injury (TBI), stroke, ABI-related infectious diseases, metabolic disorders affecting the central nervous system (brain and spinal cord), and brain tumor. Advances in emergency medical care and neurosurgery mean that more people are surviving severe traumatic brain injury (Trexler et al, 2014). Yet many patients with severe TBI in particular, are not receiving inpatient services after initial treatment (Hackman et al, 2014; CDC, 2014) or later that are known to be effective (Malec & Kean, 2015; Lewis & Horn, 2015; BI Commission, 2011; Kolakowsky-Hayner et al, 2000; Interviews)...
December 10, 2015: Issue Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910254/identification-and-analysis-of-factors-contributing-to-the-reduction-in-seclusion-and-restraint-for-a-population-with-intellectual-disability
#4
Caroline Larue, Marie-Hélène Goulet, Marie-Josée Prevost, Alexandre Dumais, Jacques Bellavance
BACKGROUND: A cohort of 11 patients with an intellectual disability and a psychiatric diagnosis present severe behavioural disorders in psychiatric hospital of Quebec in 2009. Control-measure use for this clientele has now been reduced. How do management personnel, families and care teams explain the changes? What clinical interventions did management and care providers implement that contributed to the reduction? METHOD: A retrospective case study was conducted...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909379/-it-is-an-eye-opener-that-there-is-a-relationship-between-rehabilitation-and-hiv-perspectives-of-physiotherapists-and-occupational-therapists-in-kenya-and-zambia-on-the-role-of-rehabilitation-with-adults-and-children-living-with-hiv
#5
Stephanie Nixon, Cathy Cameron, Margaret Mweshi, Esther Munalula Nkandu, Carlius Okidi, Stephen Tattle, Tammy Yates
Purpose: To present the perspectives of rehabilitation providers-physiotherapists and occupational therapists-in Kenya and Zambia on the role of rehabilitation in the care of adults and children living with HIV. Methods: This qualitative, interpretivist study was part of a broader project to adapt a Canadian e-module on HIV-related disability for rehabilitation providers in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Focus groups, demographic questionnaires, and knowledge-attitude-belief surveys were conducted with rehabilitation providers in Kenya and Zambia...
2016: Physiotherapy Canada. Physiothérapie Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908899/undertreatment-of-people-with-major-depressive-disorder-in-21-countries
#6
Graham Thornicroft, Somnath Chatterji, Sara Evans-Lacko, Michael Gruber, Nancy Sampson, Sergio Aguilar-Gaxiola, Ali Al-Hamzawi, Jordi Alonso, Laura Andrade, Guilherme Borges, Ronny Bruffaerts, Brendan Bunting, Jose Miguel Caldas de Almeida, Silvia Florescu, Giovanni de Girolamo, Oye Gureje, Josep Maria Haro, Yanling He, Hristo Hinkov, Elie Karam, Norito Kawakami, Sing Lee, Fernando Navarro-Mateu, Marina Piazza, Jose Posada-Villa, Yolanda Torres de Galvis, Ronald C Kessler
BACKGROUND: Major depressive disorder (MDD) is a leading cause of disability worldwide. AIMS: To examine the: (a) 12-month prevalence of DSM-IV MDD; (b) proportion aware that they have a problem needing treatment and who want care; (c) proportion of the latter receiving treatment; and (d) proportion of such treatment meeting minimal standards. METHOD: Representative community household surveys from 21 countries as part of the World Health Organization World Mental Health Surveys...
December 1, 2016: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908173/pacemaker-and-icd-oversensing-induced-by-movements-near-the-mri-scanner-bore
#7
E Mattei, F Censi, G Calcagnini, R Falsaperla, E Genovese, A Napolitano, V Cannatà
PURPOSE: The effect of the movement near the MRI scanner bore for people with a pacemaker (PM) or an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) is experimentally evaluated and discussed. METHODS: The authors performed in vitro measurements on a saline-filled human-shaped phantom (male, 170 cm height), equipped first with an MR-conditional PM (bicameral configuration, DDD programming), then with an MR-conditional ICD (biventricular configuration, detection algorithms enable but shock delivery disable)...
December 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905966/rapid-assessment-of-disability-in-the-philippines-understanding-prevalence-well-being-and-access-to-the-community-for-people-with-disabilities-to-inform-the-w-dare-project
#8
Manjula Marella, Alexandra Devine, Graeme Ferdinand Armecin, Jerome Zayas, Ma Jesusa Marco, Cathy Vaughan
BACKGROUND: International recognition that people with disabilities were excluded from the Millennium Development Goals has led to better inclusion of people with disabilities in the recently agreed Global Goals for Sustainable Development (SDGs) 2015-2030. Given the current global agenda for disability inclusion, it is crucial to increase the understanding of the situation of people with disabilities in the Philippines. The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of disability and compare the well-being and access to the community between people with and without disabilities...
August 2, 2016: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905923/navigating-the-journey-of-aboriginal-childhood-disability-a-qualitative-study-of-carers-interface-with-services
#9
Anna Green, Penelope Abbott, Patricia Delaney, Patrick Patradoon-Ho, John Delaney, Patricia Mary Davidson, Michelle DiGiacomo
BACKGROUND: The disadvantage experienced by Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children with a disability is well recognized. The long term consequences of failing to address disability on health, education and employment underlies the importance of early intervention. Caregivers experience a disproportionate burden and have challenges accessing services. The aim of this study was to describe the carer journey of accessing support and services. METHODS: We conducted in-depth semi-structured interviews with nineteen parents and carers of Aboriginal children aged 0-8 years...
December 1, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905840/combining-cell-and-gene-therapy-in-an-effort-to-eradicate-hiv
#10
Thor A Wagner
More than 30 million people are infected with HIV, and HIV remains the fifth leading cause of disability-adjusted life years worldwide. Antiretroviral therapy (ART) dramatically decreases mortality rate, but there are side effects, long-term toxicities, expenses, stigmas, and inconveniences associated with chronic treatment, and HIV-infected individuals on ART have an increased risk of malignancies, cardiovascular disease, neurologic disease, and shortened life expectancy. Therefore, a cure for HIV remains an important goal...
December 2016: AIDS Patient Care and STDs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905667/the-relationship-between-intelligence-quotient-and-aspects-of-everyday-functioning-and-participation-for-people-who-have-mild-and-borderline-intellectual-disabilities
#11
Patrik Arvidsson, Mats Granlund
BACKGROUND: This study explored the relationship between intelligence quotient (IQ) and aspects of everyday functioning/participation in individuals (age 16-40) who have a mild/borderline intellectual disability (IQ 55-85). METHOD: Correlations were examined between IQ and (i) self-rated (n = 72) ability, participation as performance (how often an activity is performed), important participation restriction (not/seldom performing an activity perceived as important) and general well-being and (ii) proxy-rated (n = 41) ability and participation as performance...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904948/evaluation-of-the-reliability-and-validity-of-the-persian-version-of-patient-rated-elbow-evaluation-questionnaire
#12
Mohammad Reza Farazdaghi, Ali Mansoori, Omid Vosoughi, Amin Kordi Yoosefinejad
Elbow joint pathologies are highly prevalent in Persian-speaking countries. A reliable low-cost method like an appropriate questionnaire is mandatory for the early diagnosis of elbow joint disorders. Among designed questionnaires, Patient-Rated Elbow Evaluation (PREE) is an accepted commonly used scale evaluating pain and dysfunction of the patients. The aims of the study were to cross-culturally adapt and also to identify the psychometric properties of the Persian PREE. The original version of the PREE was translated and cross-culturally adapted to Persian according to the guidelines by Beaton et al...
November 30, 2016: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904818/the-government-s-role-in-regulating-coordinating-and-standardizing-the-response-to-alzheimer-s-disease-anticipated-international-cooperation-in-the-area-of-intractable-and-rare-diseases
#13
REVIEW
Qi Tang, Peipei Song, Lingzhong Xu
The World Health Organization (WHO) has emphasized that aging of the population is inextricably linked to many other global public health issues, such as universal health coverage, non-communicable diseases, and disability. However, Alzheimer's Disease International (ADI) estimates that 46.8 million elderly people worldwide were living with dementia in 2015. Alzheimer's disease (AD), the most common form of dementia, is one of the most common neurodegenerative diseases and is the main cause of cognitive impairment...
November 2016: Intractable & Rare Diseases Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904572/obesity-in-people-with-disability-the-implications-for-health-care-expenditures
#14
Fardin Moradi, Amin Sarabandi, Shahin Soltani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904424/prevalence-and-predictors-of-unmet-needs-among-the-elderly-residents-of-the-rural-field-practice-area-of-a-tertiary-care-centre-from-northern-india
#15
Abhishek Singh, Mohan Bairwa, Shewtank Goel, Ravi Bypareddy, Prassana Mithra
BACKGROUND: Surrogate markers simple enough to be used by primary care workers have not been closely investigated by the community experts in rural Uttar Pradesh. We assessed the physical disabilities in activities of daily living (ADL) and unmet need in physical disabilities among rural elderly. Predictors of unmet needs in physical disabilities among the elderly were also identified. METHODS: A community based cross-sectional study was conducted among elderly residents of the rural field practice area of a tertiary care centre in rural Uttar Pradesh...
September 2016: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902693/the-long-term-benefits-of-increased-aspirin-use-by-at-risk-americans-aged-50-and-older
#16
David B Agus, Étienne Gaudette, Dana P Goldman, Andrew Messali
BACKGROUND: The usefulness of aspirin to defend against cardiovascular disease in both primary and secondary settings is well recognized by the medical profession. Multiple studies also have found that daily aspirin significantly reduces cancer incidence and mortality. Despite these proven health benefits, aspirin use remains low among populations targeted by cardiovascular prevention guidelines. This article seeks to determine the long-term economic and population-health impact of broader use of aspirin by older Americans at higher risk for cardiovascular disease...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902134/-shout-it-from-the-rooftops
#17
(no author information available yet)
Former Nursing Standard Nurse of the Year Stacey Atkinson trained in Leeds at a school of nursing attached to a hospital for people with learning disabilities. She qualified in 1990 and worked in residential care and as a community learning disability nurse for children and adults before moving into education. Married with two children, she is now a senior lecturer at the University of Huddersfield. In 2003 she was awarded an MBE for services to children with learning disabilities.
November 30, 2016: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901325/asymptomatic-carotid-artery-stenosis-who-should-be-screened-who-should-be-treated-and-how-should-we-treat-them
#18
Djurre D DE Waard, Dylan Morris, Gert J DE Borst, Richard Bulbulia, Alison Halliday
Although stopping smoking, lowering blood pressure and reducing lipid levels will reduce global stroke risk and cardiovascular mortality, these remain leading causes of death and disability especially in ageing populations. Further prevention strategies are needed and, in the first part of this review, we explore the potential benefits of appropriate screening for carotid artery disease to reduce stroke and identify those who may have related cardiac disease. Although whole-population carotid screening is an inefficient and costly means of identifying candidates with tight carotid stenosis who might warrant intervention, it can identify many people with lower levels of stenosis who may benefit from cardiovascular risk reducing medications...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900315/effectiveness-and-efficiency-of-improving-hiv-service-provision-for-key-populations-in-nicaragua
#19
Edward Ivor Broughton, Oscar Nunez, Rafael Arana, Alexey Oviedo
OBJECTIVE: HIV in Nicaragua is concentrated among key populations (KPs) - men who have sex with men, female sex workers, and female transgender - in whom prevalence is 600-4,000 times higher than the general population. The United States Agency for International Development PrevenSida project is aimed at increasing healthy behavior among KPs and people with HIV and improving testing, counseling, and continuity of prevention and treatment by building capacity and improving performance of non-governmental organizations (NGOs) providing services to KPs...
2016: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899268/the-effects-of-the-smart-environment-on-the-information-divide-experienced-by-people-with-disabilities
#20
Su-Jung Nam, Eun-Young Park
BACKGROUND: Information and Communication Technology (ICT) is connected with every aspect of social, cultural, economic, educational, and commercial activity. Smart devices in particular have changed society and are necessary goods for modern people. Smart device usage is rapidly growing in everyday life, so the ability to use a smart device is increasingly important, yet there is little data supporting increased digital inclusion of people with disabilities in mobile device use. OBJECTIVE/HYPOTHESIS: This study investigates the effects of the smart environment on the information divide experienced by people with disabilities...
November 16, 2016: Disability and Health Journal
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