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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342371/global-regional-and-country-level-economic-impacts-of-dental-diseases-in-2015
#1
A J Righolt, M Jevdjevic, W Marcenes, S Listl
Up-to-date information about the economic impact of dental diseases is essential for health care decision makers when seeking to make rational use of available resources. The purpose of this study was to provide up-to-date estimates for dental expenditures (direct costs) and productivity losses (indirect costs) due to dental diseases on the global, regional, and country level. Direct costs of dental diseases were estimated using a previously established systematic approach; indirect costs were estimated using an approach developed by the World Health Organization Commission on Macroeconomics and Health and factoring in 2015 values for gross domestic product and disability-adjusted life years from the Global Burden of Disease Study...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342077/use-of-a-new-international-classification-of-health-interventions-for-capturing-information-on-health-interventions-relevant-to-people-with-disabilities
#2
Nicola Fortune, Richard Madden, Ann-Helene Almborg
Development of the World Health Organization's International Classification of Health Interventions (ICHI) is currently underway. Once finalised, ICHI will provide a standard basis for collecting, aggregating, analysing, and comparing data on health interventions across all sectors of the health system. In this paper, we introduce the classification, describing its underlying tri-axial structure, organisation and content. We then discuss the potential value of ICHI for capturing information on met and unmet need for health interventions relevant to people with a disability, with a particular focus on interventions to support functioning and health promotion interventions...
January 17, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342014/patterns-and-predictors-of-return-to-work-after-major-trauma-a-prospective-population-based-registry-study
#3
Alex Collie, Pamela M Simpson, Peter A Cameron, Shanthi Ameratunga, Jennie Ponsford, Ronan A Lyons, Sandra Braaf, Andrew Nunn, James E Harrison, Belinda J Gabbe
OBJECTIVE: To characterize patterns of engagement in work during the 4-year period after major traumatic injury, and to identify factors associated with those patterns. BACKGROUND: Employment is an important marker of functional recovery from injury. There are few population-based studies of long-term employment outcomes, and limited data on the patterns of return to work (RTW) after injury. METHODS: A population-based, prospective cohort study using the Victorian State Trauma Registry...
January 16, 2018: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336507/-learn-ing-what-is-important-to-children-and-young-people-with-intellectual-disabilities-when-they-are-in-hospital
#4
K Oulton, D Sell, F Gibson
BACKGROUND: The need to review health service provision for children and young people (CYP) with disabilities and their families in the United Kingdom has been expressed in multiple reports: the most consistent message being that services need to be tailored to meet their individual needs. Our aim was to understand the hospital-related needs and experiences of CYP with intellectual disabilities. METHOD: An ethnographic study of a neurosciences ward and outpatient department was conducted within a paediatric tertiary hospital setting...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336123/balance-assessment-in-deaf-children-and-teenagers-prior-to-and-post-capoeira-practice-through-the-berg-balance-scale
#5
Rubianne Lima
INTRODUCTION: Hearing loss changes the functionality and body structure a disability that limits activity and restricts the participation of the individual in situations of daily life. It is believed that capoeira can help people with visual disabilities to minimize these deficits. BSE is a low specificity scale that evaluates objectively and functionally aspects of balance and risk of falls in the elderly and children, including the effect of environment on balance function. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the research is to analyze deaf children and adolescents prior to and post-practice of capoeira using the Berg Balance Scale (BBS)...
December 1, 2017: International Tinnitus Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336097/identification-of-dementia-using-standard-clinical-assessments-by-primary-care-physicians-in-japan
#6
Hiroyuki Noda, Kazumasa Yamagishi, Ai Ikeda, Takashi Asada, Hiroyasu Iso
AIM: The aim of the present study was to develop a way of identifying dementia using clinical assessments made by primary care physicians under the existing medical care system in Japan. METHODS: A total of 623 people aged ≥65 years underwent standard clinical assessments by primary care physicians under the long-term-care insurance program to determine their grade of activities of daily living related to dementia. To examine the validity of the diagnosis, neuropsychiatrists carried out further diagnosis of dementia for all the participants...
January 16, 2018: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334922/relative-contribution-of-various-chronic-diseases-and-multi-morbidity-to-potential-disability-among-dutch-elderly
#7
Riaan Botes, Karin M Vermeulen, Janine Correia, Erik Buskens, Fanny Janssen
BACKGROUND: The amount of time spent living with disease greatly influences elderly people's wellbeing, disability and healthcare costs, but differs by disease, age and sex. METHODS: We assessed how various single and combined diseases differentially affect life years spent living with disease in Dutch elderly men and women (65+) over their remaining life course. Multistate life table calculations were applied to age and sex-specific disease prevalence, incidence and death rates for the Netherlands in 2007...
January 15, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334835/national-approaches-to-promote-sports-and-physical-activity-in-adults-with-disabilities-examples-from-the-netherlands-and-canada
#8
Femke Hoekstra, Lynn Roberts, Caroline van Lindert, Kathleen A Martin Ginis, Lucas H V van der Woude, Mary Ann McColl
PURPOSE: This study described how the Dutch and Canadian governments promote high performance sports, recreational sports, and physical activity (PA) among adults with disabilities on a national level. METHODS: An internet-based study was conducted to identify and select relevant documents and websites containing information about the national approach to promote disability sports and physical activities in the Netherlands and Canada. RESULTS: Both governments promote high performance sports in similar ways, but use different strategies to promote recreational sports and physical activities...
January 15, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329540/children-with-albinism-in-african-regions-their-rights-to-being-and-doing
#9
Anita Franklin, Patricia Lund, Caroline Bradbury-Jones, Julie Taylor
BACKGROUND: Albinism is an inherited condition with a relatively high prevalence in populations throughout sub-Saharan Africa. People with oculocutaneous albinism have little or no pigment in their hair, skin and eyes; thus they are visually impaired and extremely sensitive to the damaging effect of the sun on their skin. Aside from the health implications of oculocutaneous albinism, there are also significant sociocultural risks. The impacts of albinism are particularly serious in areas that associate albinism with legend and folklore, leading to stigmatisation and discrimination...
January 12, 2018: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329054/relationship-between-sedentary-behavior-and-depression-a-mediation-analysis-of-influential-factors-across-the-lifespan-among-42-469-people-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#10
Brendon Stubbs, Davy Vancampfort, Joseph Firth, Felipe B Schuch, Mats Hallgren, Lee Smith, Benjamin Gardner, Kai G Kahl, Nicola Veronese, Marco Solmi, André F Carvalho, Ai Koyanagi
BACKGROUND: Sedentary behavior (SB) is associated with diabetes, cardiovascular disease and low mood. There is a paucity of multi-national research investigating SB and depression, particularly among low- and middle-income countries. This study investigated the association between SB and depression, and factors which influence this. METHODS: Cross-sectional data were analyzed from the World Health Organization's Study on Global Ageing and Adult Health. Depression was based on the Composite International Diagnostic Interview...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328011/-is-there-quality-of-life-with-locked-in-syndrome
#11
S D Limburg, J Pols, M Limburg
A 57-year-old man developed a locked-in state due to a brain stem stroke. He communicated through eye movements. The team suggested treatment should be discontinued, as there was no perspective of improvement. The family was very upset because they experienced sufficient quality of life. We investigated what 'quality of life' means. The literature shows that severely ill and completely care-dependent patients may experience high quality of life; this is called the disability paradox. Patients and families evaluate quality of life by looking for positive things to live for...
2018: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327378/comparing-impact-on-the-family-and-insurance-coverage-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy-and-children-with-another-special-healthcare-need
#12
B Schaible, G Colquitt, M C Caciula, A Carnes, L Li, N Moreau
BACKGROUND: Families and caregivers of children with special healthcare needs (CSHCN) often experience financial difficulties, have unmet physical and mental health needs, and are at increased risk of marital problems due to the stress caused by carrying for their child. Within the larger population of CHSCN, young people with cerebral palsy (CP) have more unmet needs due to the complexity and potential severity of the disability. The purpose of this study was to identify factors associated with differences in insurance coverage and impact on the family of children with CP and other CHSCN...
January 12, 2018: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326402/ageing-in-individuals-with-intellectual-disability-issues-and-concerns-in-hong-kong
#13
REVIEW
M My Tse, R Yc Kwan, J L Lau
INTRODUCTION: The increasing longevity of people with intellectual disability is testimony to the positive developments in medical intervention. Nonetheless early-onset age-related issues and concerns cause deterioration of their overall well-being. This paper aimed to explore the issues and concerns about individuals with intellectual disability as they age. METHODS: Articles that discussed people with intellectual disability over 30 years of age, and those that identified ageing health issues and concerns were included...
January 12, 2018: Hong Kong Medical Journal, Xianggang Yi Xue za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325922/the-cost-effectiveness-of-using-paro-a-therapeutic-robotic-seal-to-reduce-agitation-and-medication-use-in-dementia-findings-from-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Merehau C Mervin, Wendy Moyle, Cindy Jones, Jenny Murfield, Brian Draper, Elizabeth Beattie, David H K Shum, Siobhan O'Dwyer, Lukman Thalib
OBJECTIVES: To examine the within-trial costs and cost-effectiveness of using PARO, compared with a plush toy and usual care, for reducing agitation and medication use in people with dementia in long-term care. DESIGN: An economic evaluation, nested within a cluster-randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Twenty-eight facilities in South-East Queensland, Australia. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 415 residents, all aged 60 years or older, with documented diagnoses of dementia...
January 9, 2018: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325175/early-parental-abuse-and-daily-assistance-to-aging-parents-with-disability-associations-with-the-middle-aged-adults-daily-well-being
#15
Yin Liu, Jooyoung Kong, Lauren R Bangerter, Steven H Zarit, David M Almeida
Objectives: The current study examined the within-person association between providing daily assistance to aging parents with disability and adult children's daily mood in the context of early relationship with parents. Methods: We used data from 782 participants and 5,758 daily interviews from the Midlife in the United States (MIDUS) Refresher, with 248 people self-reported providing daily assistance ranging from 1 to 8 days out of the entire daily-interview period...
January 9, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322861/community-mobility-after-stroke-a-systematic-review
#16
Steven Wesselhoff, Timothy A Hanke, Christian C Evans
Background Stroke is the leading cause of severe disability and many survivors report long-term physical or cognitive impairments that may impact their ability to achieve community mobility (CM). PURPOSE: To determine the extent to which people with chronic stroke achieve CM compared to age-matched norms or non-neurologically impaired controls. Methods The StrokEDGE outcome measures were searched to identify validated tools that included >25% of items addressing CM. MEDLINE, CINAHL, Google Scholar, PubMed, PEDro and the Cochrane databases were searched from 2001 to 2015 with the identified outcome measures cross-referenced against search terms related to stroke and CM...
January 11, 2018: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321439/the-association-of-bite-instability-and-comorbidities-in-elderly-people
#17
Susumu Itakura, Masaaki Miyata, Atsushi Kuroda, Manabu Setoguchi, Atsushi Kusumoto, Daisuke Hokonohara, Mitsuru Ohishi
Objective The purpose was to evaluate the association between bite instability and comorbidities, comprehensive geriatric evaluations, or disabilities in elderly people. Methods A dentist examined the oral function, such as the bite stability, number of teeth, and the use of dentures, in 119 patients (93 women, mean age: 86.7±7.8) in 2 nursing homes for the elderly. The association between the oral function and the prevalence of diseases, including hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and dementia, was analyzed...
January 11, 2018: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320409/evaluating-the-impact-of-a-clinician-improvement-program-for-treating-patients-with-intellectual-and-developmental-disabilities-the-challenging-case-of-mississippi
#18
John P Bartkowski, Janelle Kohler, Craig L Escude, Xiaohe Xu, Stephen Bartkowski
In recent years, people with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) have moved from institutionalized settings to local community residences. While deinstitutionalization has yielded quality of life improvements for people with IDD, this transition presents significant health-related challenges. Community clinicians have typically not been trained to provide sound medical care to people with IDD, a subpopulation that exhibits unique medical needs and significant health disparities. This study reports the results of a comprehensive evaluation of an IDD-focused clinician improvement program implemented throughout Mississippi...
January 10, 2018: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319423/availability-of-medicaid-home-and-community-based-services-for-older-americans-and-people-with-physical-disabilities
#19
Marissa R Meucci, Noelle K Kurth, Theresa I Shireman, Jean P Hall
This paper provides an overview of Medicaid home and community-based services (HCBS) for older adults and individuals with physical disabilities by describing eligibility criteria, availability, and types of services. All 50 state Medicaid programs provide supplementary HCBS in addition to mandatory services. The amount, type, and eligibility for HCBS varied widely between states. Variation in service provision and eligibility rules has led to a patchwork of services from state to state, with the same person eligible for services in one state but not another...
January 10, 2018: Home Health Care Services Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318030/environmental-temperature-and-exercise-modality-independently-impact-central-and-muscle-fatigue-among-people-with-multiple-sclerosis
#20
Geetika Grover, Michelle Ploughman, Devin T Philpott, Liam P Kelly, Augustine J Devasahayam, Katie Wadden, Kevin E Power, Duane C Button
Background: Heat sensitivity and fatigue limit the ability of multiple sclerosis patients to participate in exercise. Objective: The purpose of this study was to determine the optimal aerobic exercise parameters (environmental temperature and exercise modality) to limit exercise-induced central and muscle fatigue among people with multiple sclerosis. Methods: Fourteen people with multiple sclerosis with varying levels of disability completed four randomized exercise sessions at 65% of the maximal volume of oxygen: body-weight supported treadmill cool (16°C), body-weight supported treadmill room (21°C), total-body recumbent stepper cool and total-body recumbent stepper room...
October 2017: Multiple Sclerosis Journal—Experimental, Translational and Clinical
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