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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727526/zika-and-reproductive-rights-in-brazil-challenge-to-the-right-to-health
#1
Pablo K Valente
The Zika virus epidemic rapidly spread across Brazil and Latin America, gaining international attention because of the causal relationship between Zika and birth defects. The high number of cases in Brazil has been attributed to a failure of the state to contain the epidemic and protect the affected people, especially women. Therefore, the public health crisis created by Zika exposed a stark conflict between Brazil's constitutional right to health and the long-standing violation of reproductive rights in the country...
July 20, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727508/collective-stories-of-exercise-making-sense-of-gym-experiences-with-disabled-peers
#2
Emma V Richardson, Brett Smith, Anthony Papathomas
Using a dialogical narrative approach, we explored how disabled people made sense of their gym experiences as part of a peer group. Interviews were conducted with 18 disabled people (10 men and 8 women, aged 23-60) who had experience exercising in the gym as part of a group. Data were rigorously analyzed using a dialogical narrative analysis. Within their peer group, participants crafted a collective story that they used to resist disablism in the gym. The dialogical components of the collective story functioned to (a) validate participants' experiences of oppression in the gym, (b) forge an unspoken understanding with peers, (c) craft a more affirmative identity, and (d) instill a sense of empowerment in participants so that they can tell their own story...
July 2017: Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly: APAQ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727505/opportunities-and-benefits-for-powerchair-users-through-power-soccer
#3
Michael S Jeffress, William J Brown
Power soccer (or powerchair football), the first competitive team sport for users of motorized wheelchairs, is receiving increased attention among people with disabilities, healthcare professionals, and academics. The present study provides a qualitative analysis of the experiences of 34 American power soccer athletes. Participant observation and in-depth interviews with 11 female and 23 male athletes were conducted between 2007 and 2013. Results indicate that involvement in power soccer provides participants with an increased sense of empowerment, acquisition of social capital, and psychosocial benefits, including a deep satisfaction of the desire to participate in competitive sports and an opportunity to be independent...
July 2017: Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly: APAQ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726593/validation-and-normalization-of-the-tower-of-london-drexel-university-test-2nd-edition-in-an-adult-population-with-intellectual-disability
#4
Javier García-Alba, Susanna Esteba-Castillo, Miguel Ángel Castellanos López, Emili Rodríguez Hidalgo, Nuria Ribas Vidal, Fernando Moldenhauer Díaz, Ramón Novell-Alsina
Despite how important it is to assess executive functioning in persons with Intellectual Disability (ID), instruments adapted and validated for this population are scarce. This study's primary goal was to find evidence for the validity of the ID version of the Tower of London (TOLDXtm) test in persons with mild (IDMi) and moderate (IDMo) levels of ID with Down Syndrome (DS). A multicenter study was carried out. Subjects (n = 63, ≥ 39 years old) had DS with mild (n = 39) or moderate ID (n = 24) with no minor neurocognitive disorder or Alzheimer's disease...
July 20, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725205/school-functioning-of-a-particularly-vulnerable-group-children-and-young-people-in-residential-child-care
#5
Carla González-García, Susana Lázaro-Visa, Iriana Santos, Jorge F Del Valle, Amaia Bravo
A large proportion of the children and young people in residential child care in Spain are there as a consequence of abuse and neglect in their birth families. Research has shown that these types of adverse circumstances in childhood are risk factors for emotional and behavioral problems, as well as difficulties in adapting to different contexts. School achievement is related to this and represents one of the most affected areas. Children in residential child care exhibit extremely poor performance and difficulties in school functioning which affects their transition to adulthood and into the labor market...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724530/the-population-health-benefits-of-a-healthy-lifestyle-life-expectancy-increased-and-onset-of-disability-delayed
#6
Neil Mehta, Mikko Myrskylä
A key determinant of population health is the behavioral profile of a population. Nearly 80 percent of Americans reach their fifties having smoked cigarettes, been obese, or both. It is unknown to what extent risky behaviors (for example, smoking, having a poor diet, being physically inactive, and consuming an excessive amount of alcohol) collectively are reducing the health and life expectancy of the US population, or what improvements might be achievable in their absence. Using data from the Health and Retirement Study, we studied people ages fifty and older who had never smoked, who were not obese, and who consumed alcohol moderately...
July 19, 2017: Health Affairs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723854/use-of-colorectal-cancer-screening-among-people-with-mobility-disability
#7
Miriam Gofine, Thelma J Mielenz, Sowmya Vasan, Benjamin Lebwohl
GOALS: We aimed to assess use of colorectal cancer screening (CRCS) as per United States Preventive Task Force guidelines among people with mobility disability using a nationally representative data set. BACKGROUND: Individuals with mobility disability have decreased access to health care services, but the impact of mobility disability on CRCS has not been investigated. STUDY: Data from the 2013 National Health Interview Survey were used to estimate sociodemographic characteristics of adults with mobility disability, prevalence of CRCS, and odds of CRCS given mobility disability among Americans aged 50 to 75...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722772/understanding-leisure-time-physical-activity-voices-of-people-with-ms-who-have-moderate-to-severe-disability-and-their-family-caregivers
#8
Afolasade Fakolade, Julie Lamarre, Amy Latimer-Cheung, Trisha Parsons, Sarah A Morrow, Marcia Finlayson
BACKGROUND: Physical activity (PA) is beneficial for all people, yet people affected by multiple sclerosis (MS) find regular PA challenging. These people may include individuals with the disease who have moderate-to-severe disability and their family caregivers. For researchers and clinicians to effectively promote PA among caregiver/care-recipient dyads with moderate-to-severe MS, a comprehensive understanding of the shared PA experiences of these dyads would be beneficial. OBJECTIVE: We explored shared experiences of caregiver/care-recipient dyads affected by moderate-to-severe MS about PA and directions for intervention...
July 19, 2017: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721785/creating-calm-amid-confrontation
#9
Bradley Squirrell
In my first year of training, I had a placement on a challenging behaviours unit for people with a learning disability. One night shift at about 11.30pm a service user, who I will call Charlotte, became physically and verbally aggressive towards staff members. This was due to an incident earlier in the day with another service user.
July 19, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721027/frequency-of-frailty-and-its-association-with-cognitive-status-and-survival-in-older-chileans
#10
Cecilia Albala, Lydia Lera, Hugo Sanchez, Barbara Angel, Carlos Márquez, Patricia Arroyo, Patricio Fuentes
BACKGROUND: Age-associated brain physiologic decline and reduced mobility are key elements of increased age-associated vulnerability. OBJECTIVE: To study the frequency of frailty phenotype and its association with mental health and survival in older Chileans. METHODS: Follow-up of ALEXANDROS cohorts designed to study disability associated with obesity in community-dwelling people 60 years and older living in Santiago, Chile. At baseline, 2,098 (67% women) of 2,372 participants were identified as having the frailty phenotype: weak handgrip dynamometry, unintentional weight loss, fatigue/exhaustion, five chair-stands/slow walking speed and difficulty walking (low physical activity)...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720075/physical-activity-body-functions-and-disability-among-middle-aged-and-older-spanish-adults
#11
Alexandre Caron, Alba Ayala, Javier Damián, Carmen Rodriguez-Blazquez, Javier Almazán, Juan Manuel Castellote, Madgalena Comin, Maria João Forjaz, Jesús de Pedro
BACKGROUND: Physical activity (PA) is a health determinant among middle-aged and older adults. In contrast, poor health is expected to have a negative impact on PA. This study sought to assess to what extent specific International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) health components were associated with PA among older adults. METHODS: We used a sample of 864 persons aged ≥50 years, positively screened for disability or cognition in a cross-sectional community survey in Spain...
July 18, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719989/table-saw-injuries-are-our-safety-features-really-keeping-us-safe
#12
Sarah E Smith, Ian Kendrick, Thomas Huntsman
BACKGROUND: Currently, table saws sold in the United States have 3 safety features (riving knife, blade guard, and antikickback device) designed to prevent personal injury; however, these features can hinder the user's movements and are often disabled or removed. Despite the frequency of table saw injuries, there is relatively limited literature regarding them. METHODS: We performed a retrospective, observational study of characteristics associated with injuries incurred while using a table saw...
March 1, 2017: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719254/prevalence-and-risk-factors-for-human-cystic-echinococcosis-in-the-cusco-region-of-the-peruvian-highlands-diagnosed-using-focused-abdominal-ultrasound
#13
Francesca Tamarozzi, Amy Hou, Maria Luisa Morales, Maria Teresa Giordani, Freddy Vilca, Karen Mozo, Ruben Bascope, A Clinton White, Enrico Brunetti, Lin Chen, Miguel M Cabada
AbstractLatin America is among the highly endemic regions for cystic echinococcosis (CE). In Peru, an estimated 1,139 disability-adjusted life years are lost annually from surgical treatment of CE. This is comparable with the combined total for Argentina, Brazil, Uruguay, and Chile. The prevalence of human infection has been investigated in the central Peruvian Andes, but there are no community-based screening data from other regions of Peru. We carried out a population survey in January 2015 using abdominal ultrasound to estimate the prevalence of abdominal CE in the Canas and Canchis provinces, in the Cusco region of Peru...
June 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718716/estimating-the-number-of-adults-with-severe-and-persistent-mental-illness-who-have-complex-multi-agency-needs
#14
Harvey Whiteford, Bill Buckingham, Meredith Harris, Sandra Diminic, Emily Stockings, Louisa Degenhardt
OBJECTIVE: A population health approach to mental health service planning requires estimates that align interventions with the needs of people with mental illness. The primary objective was to estimate the number of people in Australia living with severe and persistent mental illness who have complex, multi-agency needs. The secondary objective was to describe the possible service needs of individuals with severe mental illness. METHODS: We disaggregated the estimated 12-month prevalence of adults with severe mental illness into needs-based sub-groups, using multiple data sources...
August 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718506/felbamate-as-an-add-on-therapy-for-refractory-partial-epilepsy
#15
REVIEW
Li Li Shi, JianCheng Dong, HengJian Ni, JinSong Geng, Taixiang Wu
BACKGROUND: This review is an update of a previously published review in the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (Issue 7, 2014) on 'Felbamate as an add-on therapy for refractory epilepsy'. Epilepsy is a chronic and disabling neurologic disorder, affecting approximately 1% of the population. Up to 30% of people with epilepsy have seizures that are resistant to currently available drugs. Felbamate is one of the second-generation antiepileptic drugs and we have assessed its effects as an add-on therapy to standard drugs in this review...
July 18, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718303/benign-paroxysmal-positional-vertigo-management-and-its-impact-on-falls
#16
Kiran Jumani, Jason Powell
INTRODUCTION: Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) is the most common cause of dizziness in the elderly. This has been identified as a risk factor in falls. Falls are the leading cause of disability and the leading cause of death from injury among people over 75 in the UK. METHODS: We assessed the effect of BPPV treatment on falls in an elderly population by retrospectively reviewing one unit's experience of BPPV management over an 8-year period from June 2008 to June 2016...
August 2017: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717428/awareness-toward-stroke-in-a-population-based-sample-of-iranian-adults
#17
Mozaffar Hosseininezhad, Hannan Ebrahimi, Seyed Mohammad Seyedsaadat, Babak Bakhshayesh, Motahareh Asadi, Amir Reza Ghayeghran
Background: Stroke is the leading cause of death and functional disability. While there have been major advances regarding the management of stroke, a significant proportion of people are still unaware of stroke-related symptoms and risk factors. This study was performed to assess the awareness of stroke's warning signs and risk factors among a sample of Iranian population. Methods: A total of 649 participants were randomly selected using systematic randomization from the list of telephone numbers obtained from the telephone directory...
January 5, 2017: Iranian Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716536/looking-at-hospitalized-persons-throughout-the-prism-of-the-handicap
#18
M Giral, B Boussat, F Lombard, S Stempfle, P François, D Pérennou
OBJECTIVE: To describe the disability status of non-selected hospitalized persons. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We conducted a cross-sectional survey to assess activity limitations of every person older than 18 years hospitalized in a regional university hospital covering all medical fields. Evaluators rated, on a scale from 0 to 4, 22 selected items of the International Classification of Functioning (ICF), covering the 6 following domains: learning and applying knowledge, general tasks and demands, communication, mobility, self-care, and interpersonal interactions and relationships...
July 14, 2017: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716353/assessment-of-progress-towards-universal-health-coverage-for-people-with-disabilities-in-afghanistan-a-multilevel-analysis-of-repeated-cross-sectional-surveys
#19
Jean-Francois Trani, Praveen Kumar, Ellis Ballard, Tarani Chandola
BACKGROUND: Since 2002, Afghanistan has made much effort to achieve universal health coverage. According to the UN Sustainable Development Goal 3, target eight, the provision of quality care to all must include usually underserved groups, including people with disabilities. We investigated whether a decade of international investment in the Afghan health system has brought quality health care to this group. METHODS: We used data from two representative household surveys, one done in 2005 and one in 2013, in 13 provinces of Afghanistan, that included questions about activity limitations and functioning difficulties, socioeconomic factors, perceived availability of health care, and experience with coverage of health-care needs...
August 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715271/comparison-of-trunk-impairment-scale-versions-1-0-and-2-0-in-people-with-multiple-sclerosis-a-validation-study
#20
Ylva Nilsagård, Anna Carling, Oskar Davidsson, Lisbeth Franzén, Anette Forsberg
BACKGROUND: Trunk control impairment often accompanies multiple sclerosis (MS). Trunk stability is necessary for movements of extremities, as are selective trunk movements for normal gait. Measuring trunk function is thus of interest. METHODS: We examined the relationships between the Trunk Impairment Scale (TIS1.0 and TIS2.0) and the Berg Balance Scale (BBS), 5 sit-to-stand test (5STS), Timed Up and Go test (TUG), 10-m timed walk test (10TW), 2-min walk test (2MWT), Falls Efficacy Scale - International, and 12-item MS Walking Scale (MSWS-12) in 47 outpatients...
July 17, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
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