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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817647/caprine-brucellosis-a-historically-neglected-disease-with-significant-impact-on-public-health
#1
REVIEW
Carlos A Rossetti, Angela M Arenas-Gamboa, Estefanía Maurizio
Caprine brucellosis is a chronic infectious disease caused by the gram-negative cocci-bacillus Brucella melitensis. Middle- to late-term abortion, stillbirths, and the delivery of weak offspring are the characteristic clinical signs of the disease that is associated with an extensive negative impact in a flock's productivity. B. melitensis is also the most virulent Brucella species for humans, responsible for a severely debilitating and disabling illness that results in high morbidity with intermittent fever, chills, sweats, weakness, myalgia, abortion, osteoarticular complications, endocarditis, depression, anorexia, and low mortality...
August 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816704/comparison-between-corticosteroid-and-lidocaine-injection-in-the-treatment-of-tennis-elbow-a-randomized-double-blinded-controlled-trial
#2
Lin-Fen Hsieh, Ying-Chen Kuo, Chia-Cheng Lee, Ya-Fang Liu, Yu-Chia Liu, Vincent Huang
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to compare the effects of corticosteroid injection with lidocaine injection in treating tennis elbow. DESIGN: It is a prospective, double-blinded, randomized controlled trial. Patients with tennis elbow for more than 1 mo were recruited from a hospital-based rehabilitation outpatient clinic. A total of 70 patients were recruited, and 61 patients completed the study. Patients received an injection of either 10 mg (1 ml) of triamcinolone (corticosteroid group, n = 30) or 1 ml of 1% lidocaine (lidocaine group, n = 31)...
August 14, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815814/supporting-end-of-life-decision-making-case-studies-of-relational-closeness-in-supported-decision-making-for-people-with-severe-or-profound-intellectual-disability
#3
Joanne Watson, Erin Wilson, Nick Hagiliassis
BACKGROUND: The United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (UNCRPD) promotes the use of supported decision making in lieu of substitute decision making. To date, there has been a lack of focus on supported decision making for people with severe or profound intellectual disability, including for end of life decisions. METHODS: Five people with severe or profound intellectual disability's experiences of supported decision making were examined...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815583/educational-and-rehabilitation-service-utilization-in-adolescents-born-preterm-or-with-a-congenital-heart-defect-and-at-high-risk-for-disability
#4
Annette Majnemer, Noemi Dahan-Oliel, Charles Rohlicek, Sean Hatzigeorgiou, Barbara Mazer, Desiree B Maltais, Norbert Schmitz
AIM: This historical cohort study describes the use of educational and rehabilitation services in adolescents born preterm or with a congenital heart defect (CHD). METHOD: Parents of 76 young people (mean age 15y 8mo [SD 1y 8mo]) with CHD and 125 born ≤29 weeks gestational age (mean age 16y [SD 2y 5mo]) completed a demographics questionnaire including educational and rehabilitation resource utilization within the previous 6 months. Rehabilitation services included occupational therapy, physical therapy, speech language pathology, psychology...
August 17, 2017: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815180/assessing-cognitive-estimation-and-its-effects-on-community-integration-in-people-with-acquired-brain-injury-undergoing-rehabilitation
#5
Dónal G Fortune, Helen L Richards
The purpose of the present study was to examine the convergent and divergent validity of the Biber Cognitive Estimation Test (BCET) in individuals with ABI undergoing postacute rehabilitation and to assess the measure's ability to account for unique variance in community integration following rehabilitation. Participants with ABI referred for postacute rehabilitation (N = 201) were assessed on the BCET and a number of other neuropsychological tests that have been demonstrated to rely on aspects of executive processing (Trail-Making Test, Modified Six Elements Test, and verbal fluency measures) and the Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status (RBANS)...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814996/a-commentary-on-telerehabilitation-services-in-pakistan-current-trends-and-future-possibilities
#6
Zeshan Zahid, Suleman Atique, Muhammad Hammad Saghir, Iftikhar Ali, Amna Shahid, Rehan Ali Malik
A 2014 World Health Organization (WHO) study reported that almost 27 million people with disability live in Pakistan with fewer than one allied rehabilitation professional per 10,000 people. The current study sought to determine the attitudes toward telerehabilitation via a survey administered to 329 Pakistani rehabilitation professionals. Study results indicate that rehabilitation professionals in Pakistan are knowledgeable about telerehabilitation and Information and Communication Technology (ICT), and are receptive to employing telerehabilitation programs and applications...
2017: International Journal of Telerehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814841/use-of-care-and-the-oral-health-status-of-people-aged-60-years-and-older-in-france-results-from-the-national-health-and-disability-survey
#7
Gérald Maille, Bérengère Saliba-Serre, Anne-Marie Ferrandez, Michel Ruquet
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to analyze, from the data in a national survey, the use of oral care and the oral health status of patients living at home or in an institution. BACKGROUND: Patients aged 60 years and older have important oral health needs, but their oral management may differ according to their immediate environment. The fact of living at home or in an institution can influence the use of care and alter the patients' perception of their oral health status. METHODS: The data analyzed were taken from a survey on disability and health carried out in 2008-2009, which is representative of the population living in France...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814321/relatives-perceived-quality-of-palliative-care-comparisons-between-care-settings-in-which-patients-die
#8
Dolf de Boer, Jolien M Hofstede, Anke J E de Veer, Natasja J H Raijmakers, Anneke L Francke
BACKGROUND: Dying in the preferred setting is an indicator of good palliative care quality. Most people prefer to die at home. But does the quality of care as perceived by their relatives vary depending on the care setting that is the place of death? The aim is to compare (from the relatives perspective) whether there are perceived differences in the quality of palliative care between the settings in which people die. METHODS: Multivariate linear regression analyses have been carried out using an existing dataset containing information collected using the relatives' version of the Consumer Quality Index (CQ-index) Palliative Care...
August 16, 2017: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814012/quantitative-measures-with-wrex-usage
#9
Tracy M Shank, Jinyong Wee, Jennifer Ty, Tariq Rahman
This paper presents the results of two surveys conducted with users of a functional upper extremity orthosis called the Wilmington Robotic EXoskeleton (WREX). The WREX is a passive anti-gravity arm orthosis that allows people with neuromuscular disabilities to move their arms in three dimensions. An online user survey with 55 patients was conducted to determine the benefits of the WREX. The survey asked 10 questions related to upper extremity function with and without the WREX as well as subjective impressions of the device...
July 2017: IEEE ... International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics: [proceedings]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813968/changes-in-neuromuscular-activity-during-motor-training-with-a-body-machine-interface-after-spinal-cord-injury
#10
C Pierella, A De Luca, E Tasso, F Cervetto, S Gamba, L Losio, E Quinland, A Venegoni, S Mandraccia, I Muller, A Massone, F A Mussa-Ivaldi, M Casadio
Body machine interfaces (BMIs) are used by people with severe motor disabilities to control external devices, but they also offer the opportunity to focus on rehabilitative goals. In this study we introduced in a clinical setting a BMI that was integrated by the therapists in the rehabilitative treatments of 2 spinal cord injured (SCI) subjects for 5 weeks. The BMI mapped the user's residual upper body mobility onto the two coordinates of a cursor on a screen. By controlling the cursor, the user engaged in playing computer games...
July 2017: IEEE ... International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics: [proceedings]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813953/bridge-behavioural-reaching-interfaces-during-daily-antigravity-activities-through-upper-limb-exoskeleton-preliminary-results
#11
Marta Gandolla, Andrea Costa, Lorenzo Aquilante, Margit Gfoehler, Markus Puchinger, Francesco Braghin, Alessandra Pedrocchi
People with neuromuscular diseases such as muscular dystrophy experience a distributed and evolutive weakness in the whole body. Recent technological developments have changed the daily life of disabled people strongly improving the perceived quality of life, mostly concentrating on powered wheelchairs, so to assure autonomous mobility and respiratory assistance, essential for survival. The key concept of the BRIDGE project is to contrast the everyday experience of losing functions by providing them of a system able to exploit the best their own residual capabilities in arm movements so to keep them functional and autonomous as much as possible...
July 2017: IEEE ... International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics: [proceedings]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813952/comparative-performance-analysis-of-m-imu-emg-and-voice-user-interfaces-for-assistive-robots
#12
Clemente Laureiti, Francesca Cordella, Francesco Scotto di Luzio, Stefano Saccucci, Angelo Davalli, Rinaldo Sacchetti, Loredana Zollo
People with a high level of disability experience great difficulties to perform activities of daily living and resort to their residual motor functions in order to operate assistive devices. The commercially available interfaces used to control assistive manipulators are typically based on joysticks and can be used only by subjects with upper-limb residual mobilities. Many other solutions can be found in the literature, based on the use of multiple sensory systems for detecting the human motion intention and state...
July 2017: IEEE ... International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics: [proceedings]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813951/design-of-an-immersive-simulator-for-assisted-power-wheelchair-driving
#13
Louise Devigne, Marie Babel, Florian Nouviale, Vishnu K Narayanan, Francois Pasteau, Philippe Gallien
Driving a power wheelchair is a difficult and complex visual-cognitive task. As a result, some people with visual and/or cognitive disabilities cannot access the benefits of a power wheelchair because their impairments prevent them from driving safely. In order to improve their access to mobility, we have previously designed a semi-autonomous assistive wheelchair system which progressively corrects the trajectory as the user manually drives the wheelchair and smoothly avoids obstacles. Developing and testing such systems for wheelchair driving assistance requires a significant amount of material resources and clinician time...
July 2017: IEEE ... International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics: [proceedings]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813933/robotic-learning-from-demonstration-of-therapist-s-time-varying-assistance-to-a-patient-in-trajectory-following-tasks
#14
Mohammad Najafi, Kim Adams, Mahdi Tavakoli
The number of people with physical disabilities and impaired motion control is increasing. Consequently, there is a growing demand for intelligent assistive robotic systems to cooperate with people with disability and help them carry out different tasks. To this end, our group has pioneered the use of robot learning from demonstration (RLfD) techniques, which eliminate the need for task-specific robot programming, in robotic rehabilitation and assistive technologies settings. First, in the demonstration phase, the therapist (or in general, a helper) provides an intervention (typically assistance) and cooperatively performs a task with a patient several times...
July 2017: IEEE ... International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics: [proceedings]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813929/soft-brain-machine-interfaces-for-assistive-robotics-a-novel-control-approach
#15
Lucia Schiatti, Jacopo Tessadori, Giacinto Barresi, Leonardo S Mattos, Arash Ajoudani
Robotic systems offer the possibility of improving the life quality of people with severe motor disabilities, enhancing the individual's degree of independence and interaction with the external environment. In this direction, the operator's residual functions must be exploited for the control of the robot movements and the underlying dynamic interaction through intuitive and effective human-robot interfaces. Towards this end, this work aims at exploring the potential of a novel Soft Brain-Machine Interface (BMI), suitable for dynamic execution of remote manipulation tasks for a wide range of patients...
July 2017: IEEE ... International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics: [proceedings]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813917/intuitive-adaptive-orientation-control-of-assistive-robots-for-people-living-with-upper-limb-disabilities
#16
Dinh-Son Vu, Ulysse Cote Allard, Clement Gosselin, Francois Routhier, Benoit Gosselin, Alexandre Campeau-Lecours
Robotic assistive devices enhance the autonomy of individuals living with physical disabilities in their day-to-day life. Although the first priority for such devices is safety, they must also be intuitive and efficient from an engineering point of view in order to be adopted by a broad range of users. This is especially true for assistive robotic arms, as they are used for the complex control tasks of daily living. One challenge in the control of such assistive robots is the management of the end-effector orientation which is not always intuitive for the human operator, especially for neophytes...
July 2017: IEEE ... International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics: [proceedings]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813473/the-availability-of-pharmacies-in-the-united-states-2007-2015
#17
Dima Mazen Qato, Shannon Zenk, Jocelyn Wilder, Rachel Harrington, Darrell Gaskin, G Caleb Alexander
IMPORTANCE: Despite their increasingly important role in health care delivery, little is known about the availability, and characteristics, of community pharmacies in the United States. OBJECTIVES: (1) To examine trends in the availability of community pharmacies and pharmacy characteristics (24-hour, drive-up, home delivery, e-prescribing, and multilingual staffing) associated with access to prescription medications in the U.S. between 2007 and 2015; and (2) to determine whether and how these patterns varied by pharmacy type (retail chains, independents, mass retailers, food stores, government and clinic-based) and across counties...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813268/parents-with-intellectual-disability
#18
REVIEW
Carlo Schuengel, Sabina Kef, Marja W Hodes, Marieke Meppelder
Questions around parents with intellectual disability have changed according to sociocultural shifts in the position and rights of people with intellectual disability. The early research focus on capacity for parenting has given way to a contextual model of parenting and child outcomes, increasingly tested in population-based samples. Epidemiological research shows that contextual variables such as low income, exposure to violence, and poor mental health partly account for negative outcomes. As theoretical models developed for other at risk populations prove increasingly helpful for understanding the challenges of parenting with intellectual disability, it becomes viable to adapt existing evidence-based parenting interventions and test these for this population...
June 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813242/transcending-the-tragedy-discourse-of-dementia-an-ethical-imperative-for-promoting-selfhood-meaningful-relationships-and-well-being
#19
Peter Reed, Jennifer Carson, Zebbedia Gibb
Supporting people living with dementia in maintaining selfhood, relationships, and well-being requires seeing beyond the common negative focus on disability. Furthermore, prioritizing the person rather than the disease requires rejecting the tragedy discourse, which is the negative lens through which dementia is typically considered. In this paper, we highlight qualitative research on dementia involving people living with dementia as active participants. Recognizing that many people living with dementia remain capable of making decisions that affect their lives, we highlight a research-based approach to support known as "authentic partnerships" that includes people living with dementia as equal partners...
July 1, 2017: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812966/a-snapshot-of-intellectual-disabilities-in-lao-pdr-challenges-for-the-development-of-services
#20
Stian H Thoresen, Angela Fielding, Sue Gillieatt, Barbara Blundell, Liem Nguyen
Lao People's Democratic Republic (PDR) has experienced significant economic growth in the last two decades. While access to education, health, and employment for people with disabilities has also improved markedly, people with intellectual disabilities are still among the most vulnerable in society. This article presents findings from a screening survey of 2469 participants, a focus group discussion with key stakeholders in intellectual disabilities, and a case study of the Association for Autism. The screening survey suggests 1...
September 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disabilities: JOID
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