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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107371/sexual-reproductive-health-needs-and-rights-of-young-people-in-slum-areas-of-kampala-uganda-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Andre M N Renzaho, Joseph K Kamara, Nichole Georgeou, Gilbert Kamanga
BACKGROUND: Young people in Uganda face various sexual and reproductive health risks, especially those living in urban slums. The aim of this study was to examine factors associated with comprehensive categories of sexual and reproductive health, including sexual behaviours; sexual education and access to contraceptive services; family planning; prevention of STDs; sexual consent as a right; gender based violence; as well as HIV testing, counselling, disclosure and support. METHODS: The study was cross-sectional in design and was carried out in July 2014 in Makindye and Nakawa Divisions of Kampala City, Uganda...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106811/prevalence-and-social-risk-factors-for-hearing-impairment-in-chinese-children-a-national-survey
#2
Chunfeng Yun, Zhenjie Wang, Jiamin Gao, Ping He, Chao Guo, Gong Chen, Xiaoying Zheng
Hearing impairment may affect children's communication skills, social development, and educational achievement. Little is known about the prevalence of hearing impairment among Chinese children. Data were taken from the 2006 second China National Survey on Disability (CNSD). Hearing impairment was defined as moderate (41-60 dB HL), severe (61-80 dB HL), profound (81-90 dB HL), or complete (>91 dB HL). Logistic regression was used to estimate the odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI). A weighted number of 567,915 hearing impairment children were identified, yielding a prevalence of 17...
January 18, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106306/acupuncture-and-electro-acupuncture-for-people-diagnosed-with-subacromial-pain-syndrome-a-multicentre-randomized-trial
#3
J Lewis, J Sim, P Barlas
BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal disorders have been identified globally as the second most common healthcare problem for 'years lived with disability', and of these shoulder conditions are amongst the most common, frequently associated with substantial pain and morbidity. Exercise and acupuncture are often provided as initial treatments for musculoskeletal shoulder conditions but their clinical effectiveness is uncertain. This study compared group exercise with group exercise plus either acupuncture or electro-acupuncture in patients with subacromial pain syndrome...
January 20, 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105897/-finding-the-person-you-really-are-%C3%A2-on-the-inside
#4
Neil E Clapton, Jonathan Williams, Gemma M Griffith, Robert Sp Jones
This study utilized a mixed methods approach to examine the feasibility and acceptability of group compassion focused therapy for adults with intellectual disabilities (CFT-ID). Six participants with mild ID participated in six sessions of group CFT, specifically adapted for adults with ID. Session-by-session feasibility and acceptability measures suggested that participants understood the group content and process and experienced group sessions and experiential practices as helpful and enjoyable. Thematic analysis of focus groups identified three themes relating to (1) direct experiences of the group, (2) initial difficulties in being self-compassionate and (3) positive emotional changes...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disabilities: JOID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105574/quality-of-life-among-people-with-psychiatric-disabilities-does-day-centre-attendance-make-a-difference
#5
Argentzell Elisabeth, Tjörnstrand Carina, Eklund Mona
The purpose was to investigate (i) how people with psychiatric disabilities who attend day centres experience their quality of life (QoL) compared to non-attendees, (ii) differences in QoL between those who attend meeting place-oriented centres and those who attend work-oriented centres, (iii) possible correlates of QoL among day centre attendees. Ninety-three day centre attendees and 82 non-attendees completed questionnaires addressing QoL and selected correlates. No group difference was found regarding QoL...
January 19, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104412/features-of-the-broader-autism-phenotype-in-people-with-epilepsy-support-shared-mechanisms-between-epilepsy-and-autism-spectrum-disorder
#6
REVIEW
Annie E Richard, Ingrid E Scheffer, Sarah J Wilson
RICHARD, A.E., I.E. Scheffer and S.J. Wilson. Features of the broader autism phenotype in people with epilepsy support shared mechanisms between epilepsy and autism spectrum disorder. NEUROSCI BIOBEHAV REV 21(1) XXX-XXX, 2016.- To inform on mechanisms underlying the comorbidity of epilepsy and autism spectrum disorder (ASD), we conducted meta-analyses to test whether impaired facial emotion recognition (FER) and theory of mind (ToM), key phenotypic traits of ASD, are more common in people with epilepsy (PWE) than controls...
January 16, 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104039/challenges-in-implementing-individual-placement-and-support-in-the-australian-mental-health-service-and-policy-context
#7
Yolande Stirling, Kate Higgins, Melissa Petrakis
Objective Although Australia's service and policy context differs from that of the US, studies have highlighted potential for individual placement and support (IPS) to support competitive employment outcomes for people with severe and persistent mental illness. The aim of the present study was to explore why the model is not yet widely available.Methods A document analysis was conducted to discern reasons for challenges in implementation of IPS practice principles within the Australian service context.Results The document analysis illustrated that although policy acknowledges the importance of increasing employment rates for people with severe and persistent mental illness, consistent measures, change indicators, direction and time frames are lacking in policy and strategy documentation...
January 20, 2017: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103494/factors-associated-with-meeting-physical-activity-guidelines-by-adults-with-intellectual-and-developmental-disabilities
#8
Roger J Stancliffe, Lynda L Anderson
BACKGROUND: Many individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) have sedentary lifestyles. AIMS: (a) compare adults with IDD with the general adult population on adherence to U.S. physical activity (PA) guidelines, and (b) determine what factors predict adherence to PA guidelines by adults with IDD. METHODS: We compared adults with IDD from the 2011-2012 National Core Indicators Adult Consumer Survey (NCI-ACS) with the general U...
January 16, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103065/civil-legal-services-and-medical-legal-partnerships-needed-by-the-homeless-population-a-national-survey
#9
Jack Tsai, Darlene Jenkins, Ellen Lawton
OBJECTIVES: To examine civil legal needs among people experiencing homelessness and the extent to which medical-legal partnerships exist in homeless service sites, which promote the integration of civil legal aid professionals into health care settings. METHODS: We surveyed a national sample of 48 homeless service sites across 26 states in November 2015. The survey asked about needs, attitudes, and practices related to civil legal issues, including medical-legal partnerships...
January 19, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101563/world-health-organisation-global-disability-action-plan-2014-2021-challenges-and-perspectives-for-physical-medicine-and-rehabilitation-in-pakistan
#10
Fary Khan, Bhasker Amatya, Tahir M Sayed, Aamir W Butt, Khalid Jamil, Waseem Iqbal, Alaeldin Elmalik, Farooq A Rathore, Geoff Abbott
OBJECTIVE: To provide an update on disability and outline potential barriers and facilitators for implementation of the World Health Organization Global Disability Action Plan (GDAP) in Pakistan. METHODS: A 6-day workshop at the Armed Forces Institute of Rehabilitation Medicine, Islamabad facilitated by rehabilitation staff from Royal Melbourne Hospital, Australia. Local healthcare professionals (n = 33) from medical rehabilitation facilities identified challenges in service provision, education and attitudes/approaches to people with disabilities, using consensus agreement for objectives listed in the GDAP...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100190/translation-of-a-tailored-nutrition-and-resistance-exercise-intervention-for-elderly-people-to-a-real-life-setting-adaptation-process-and-pilot-study
#11
Ellen Ji van Dongen, Joanne N Leerlooijer, Jan M Steijns, Michael Tieland, Lisette Cpgm de Groot, Annemien Haveman-Nies
BACKGROUND: Combining increased dietary protein intake and resistance exercise training for elderly people is a promising strategy to prevent or counteract the loss of muscle mass and decrease the risk of disabilities. Using findings from controlled interventions in a real-life setting requires adaptations to the intervention and working procedures of healthcare professionals (HCPs). The aim of this study is to adapt an efficacious intervention for elderly people to a real-life setting (phase one) and test the feasibility and potential impact of this prototype intervention in practice in a pilot study (phase two)...
January 18, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100087/a-uhf-rfid-positioning-system-for-use-in-warehouse-navigation-by-employees-with-cognitive-disability
#12
Eric J M Gunther, Levin J Sliker, Cathy Bodine
Unemployment among the almost 5 million working-age adults with cognitive disabilities in the USA is a costly problem in both tax dollars and quality of life. Job coaching is an effective tool to overcome this, but the cost of job coaching services sums with every new employee or change of employment roles. There is a need for a cost-effective, automated alternative to job coaching that incurs a one-time cost and can be reused for multiple employees or roles. An effective automated job coach must be aware of its location and the location of destinations within the job site...
January 18, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099760/clinical-behavioural-and-social-indicators-for-poor-glycaemic-control-around-the-time-of-transfer-to-adult-care-a-longitudinal-study-of-126-young-people-with-diabetes
#13
P Castensøe-Seidenfaden, A Kryger Jensen, H Smedegaard, E Hommel, G Reventlov Husted, U Pedersen-Bjergaard, G Teilmann
AIMS: To describe and compare changes in glycaemic control in young people with Type 1 diabetes over time between the last 2 years in paediatric care and the first 2 years in adult care and to identify risk factors for poor glycaemic control. METHODS: Our retrospective cohort study followed participants aged 14-22 years from 2 years before to 2 years after transfer from paediatric to adult care. Changes in glycaemic control were calculated using repeated measurements...
January 18, 2017: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099297/sedentary-behavior-cadence-and-physical-activity-outcomes-after-knee-arthroplasty
#14
Sandra C Webber, Shaelyn M Strachan, Navjot S Pachu
PURPOSE: This study comprehensively examined sedentary behaviour and physical activity patterns in people with severe knee osteoarthritis awaiting total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and in individuals after TKA. METHODS: Pre-operative (n=32, mean ± SD = 69.9 ± 5.3 yr) and one-year post-operative participants with TKA (n=38, 67.9 ± 7.3 yr) wore ActiGraph GT3X+ activity monitors for 6.8 ± 0.6 days. Total sedentary time, time in long sedentary bouts (≥ 30 min) and physical activity outcomes (steps, time in moderate-to-vigorous physical activity [MVPA], cadence) were examined...
January 17, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098741/does-familial-aggregation-of-chronic-low-back-pain-impact-on-recovery-a-population-based-twin-study
#15
J R Zadro, D Shirley, J F Sanchez-Romera, J R Ordoñana, P H Ferreira
STUDY DESIGN: Longitudinal twin-cohort study. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the impact familial aggregation of chronic low back pain (LBP) has on the recovery from chronic LBP. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: LBP is a worldwide problem, with pain and disability often becoming chronic. Genetics and familial behaviours could significantly impact the recovery from chronic LBP but have not been extensively investigated. METHODS: 624 Spanish twins from the Murcia Twin Registry reported experiencing chronic LBP within the past two years during the 2009/11 data collection wave and were followed up in 2013...
January 16, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098498/social-health-in-dementia-towards-a-positive-dementia-discourse
#16
Marjolein de Vugt, Rose-Marie Dröes
A shift in focus from symptoms and disability towards the capacity and potential of the person with dementia is urgently needed to create a more balanced view of dementia and a more dementia-friendly society, which enables people and their families to adapt to the changes dementia brings in their lives. The new concept of social health suggested by Huber and colleagues seems helpful to make such a shift. In this dedicated special issue, a consensus-based operationalization of the concept of social health in dementia is proposed and several aspects of social health and related dementia care are addressed within the framework of European collaborative projects of the INTERDEM network...
January 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097997/the-4c-framework-for-making-reasonable-adjustments-for-people-with-learning-disabilities
#17
Daniel Marsden, Rachel Giles
Background People with learning disabilities experience significant inequalities in accessing healthcare. Legal frameworks, such as the Equality Act 2010, are intended to reduce such disparities in care, and require organisations to make 'reasonable adjustments' for people with disabilities, including learning disabilities. However, reasonable adjustments are often not clearly defined or adequately implemented in clinical practice. Aim To examine and synthesise the challenges in caring for people with learning disabilities to develop a framework for making reasonable adjustments for people with learning disabilities in hospital...
January 18, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097856/-transition-experience-of-patients-with-neuromuscular-disease
#18
Valeria Greif, Florencia Ugo, M Fernanda de Castro Pérez, Julieta Mozzoni, Verónica Aguerre, Milagros Saldías, M Soledad Monges
Neuromuscular diseases are mostly genetic disorders, with chronic and progressive course. Affected people are at high risk of developing physical and emotional disabilities. In the last decades, the advance in technology and science has increased chronic pediatric patients survival rate, thus requiring an ongoing assistance in adult hospitals, making the transition a necessity and a challenge. This article reports the clinical practice designed between Hospital Garrahan and Hospital Ramos Mejía for the transition of 27 adolescents during 2015, setting achievements, findings and challenges resulting from this experience...
1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097174/uncertainty-the-overbearing-lived-experience-of-the-elderly-people-undergoing-hemodialysis-a-qualitative-study
#19
Robab Sahaf, Ehteram Sadat Ilali, Hamid Peyrovi, Ahmad Ali Akbari Kamrani, Fatemeh Spahbodi
BACKGROUND: The chronic kidney disease is a major health concern. The number of the elderly people with chronic renal failure has increased across the world. Dialysis is an appropriate therapy for the elderly, but it involves certain challenges. The present paper reports uncertainty as part of the elderly experiences of living with hemodialysis. METHODS: This qualitative study applied Max van Manen interpretative phenomenological analysis to explain and explore experiences of the elderly with hemodialysis...
January 2017: International Journal of Community Based Nursing and Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096256/chronic-symptoms-in-a-representative-sample-of-community-dwelling-older-people-a-cross-sectional-study-in-switzerland
#20
Yves Henchoz, Christophe Büla, Idris Guessous, Nicolas Rodondi, René Goy, Maurice Demont, Brigitte Santos-Eggimann
OBJECTIVES: The burden of multiple diagnoses is well documented in older people, but less is known about chronic symptoms, many of which are even not brought to medical attention. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of chronic symptoms, their relationships with disability in basic activities of daily living (BADL) and quality of life (QoL), and their public health impact. DESIGN: A large cross-sectional population-based study. SETTING: Community in 2 regions of French-speaking Switzerland...
January 17, 2017: BMJ Open
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