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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834024/nonmedical-versus-medical-marijuana-use-among-three-age-groups-of-adults-associations-with-mental-and-physical-health-status
#1
Namkee G Choi, Diana M DiNitto, Carl Nathan Marti
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Given that 29 U.S. states now have laws allowing medical marijuana use, this study examined mental and physical health correlates of medical versus nonmedical marijuana use among three age groups of adults (18-29, 30-49, and 50+). METHODS: Data came from the 2012-2013 National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions (N = 36,309 respondents aged 18+). Logistic regression models were used to examine age group differences in associations of substance use and mental disorders and health conditions with medical versus nonmedical marijuana use...
August 18, 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795452/resistance-training-does-not-alter-same-day-sleep-architecture-in-institutionalized-older-adults
#2
Jeffrey E Herrick, Shipra Puri, Kathy C Richards
Sleep disturbance is a common symptom in institutionalized older adults that reduces their quality of life and may contribute to progression of cognitive impairment. While we found that a 7-week combination of resistance training, walking and social activity significantly improved sleep in institutionalized older adults compared with a usual care control group, no one to our knowledge has determined the acute effects of resistance training on same-day sleep in this population. Given the effort required to promote exercise adherence in institutionalized older adults and to obtain a positive training effect, understanding of the acute effects of resistance training on same-day sleep architecture should be elucidated, especially with respect to unintended consequences...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Sleep Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738460/-association-between-sleep-and-leukocyte-telomere-length-in-middle-aged-and-older-adults
#3
H F Liu, F Li, Y H Wang, J H Chen, D X Peng, J Chen, L H Tan, X Mi, B H Zhao
Objective: To understand the association between peripheral leukocytes telomere length (TL) and sleep in middle-aged and old adults. Methods: A total of 176 middle-aged and old adults were investigated by using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index and questionnaire. TL was measured by fluorescence quantitative PCR. The correlation and regression analysis between sleep and telomere length was performed. Results: TL had a mean T/S ratio of 0.995±0.23. There was a negative correlation between TL and age (r=-0.241, P=0...
July 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662897/effects-of-a-randomized-exercise-trial-on-physical-activity-psychological-distress-and-quality-of-life-in-older-adults
#4
Elizabeth A Awick, Diane K Ehlers, Susan Aguiñaga, Ana M Daugherty, Arthur F Kramer, Edward McAuley
OBJECTIVE: Evidence suggests improvements in positive psychological health indices (e.g., self-esteem) may explain the relationship between physical activity and quality of life (QoL) in older adults. Less is known about the role of reductions in negative psychological health indices (e.g., depression). The present study examined the effects of changes in moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and psychological distress on change in QoL in older adults enrolled in an exercise program...
June 15, 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541464/quality-and-usability-of-arthritic-pain-self-management-apps-for-older-adults-a-systematic-review
#5
Priyanka Bhattarai, Tro Newton-John, Jane L Phillips
Objective.:  To appraise the quality and usability of currently available pain applications that could be used by community-dwelling older adults to self-manage their arthritic pain. Methods. : A systematic review. Searches were conducted in App Store and Google Play to identify pain self-management apps relevant to arthritic pain management. English language pain management apps providing pain assessment and documentation function and pain management education were considered for inclusion...
May 25, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434419/factors-of-nocturnal-sleep-and-daytime-nap-durations-in-community-dwelling-elderly-a-longitudinal-population-based-study
#6
Grand H-L Cheng, Angelique Chan, June C Lo
BACKGROUND: Durations of nocturnal sleep and daytime nap influence the well-being of older adults. It is thus essential to understand their determinants. However, much previous research did not assess sleep duration and nap duration individually, and longitudinal data is lacking. This study aimed at examining the impact of demographic, psychosocial, and health factors, including ethnicity, social networks outside the household, smoking and physical exercise on sleep duration and nap duration among community-dwelling elderly...
April 24, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427459/subjective-perceived-impact-of-tai-chi-training-on-physical-and-mental-health-among-community-older-adults-at-risk-for-ischemic-stroke-a-qualitative-study
#7
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Guohua Zheng, Zhenyu Xiong, Xin Zheng, Junzhe Li, Tingjin Duan, Dalu Qi, Kun Ling, Lidian Chen
BACKGROUND: Evidence from quantitative studies suggest that Tai Chi produces a variety of health-related benefits, but few qualitative studies have investigated how older adults perceive the benefit of Tai Chi. The objective of the current study was to qualitatively evaluate the perceived benefits of Tai Chi practice among community older population. METHODS: This study was conducted with participants from a trial examining the effects of a 12-week Tai Chi training on ischemic stroke risk in community older adults (n = 170)...
April 20, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329846/daily-well-being-benefits-of-physical-activity-in-older-adults-does-time-or-type-matter
#8
Brenda R Whitehead, Jessica M Blaxton
Purpose of the Study: There is little debate that maintaining some level of physical activity in later life conveys positive benefits both physically and psychologically. What is less understood is the extent to which the type of activity or the length of time spent doing it matters when it comes to these benefits on the daily level. Here, we investigated (a) whether the presence of daily purposeful exercise (Exercise) or non-exercise physical activity (Activity) is sufficient for experiencing day-level benefits, or if time spent matters, and (b) whether there are differential well-being benefits of Exercise and Activity on the daily level...
March 8, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029383/pilot-results-from-a-randomized-trial-in-men-comparing-alpha-adrenergic-antagonist-versus-behavior-and-exercise-for-nocturia-and-sleep
#9
Theodore M Johnson, Camille P Vaughan, Patricia S Goode, Donald L Bliwise, Alayne D Markland, Carrie Huisingh, David T Redden, Gerald McGwin, Rina Eisenstein, Joseph G Ouslander, Muta Issa, Kathryn L Burgio
PURPOSE: Nocturia and sleep problems are common in older adults. We developed and tested a novel intervention, multicomponent behavioral treatment and exercise therapy (M-BET), that may reduce nocturia and improve sleep in men. We compared reductions in nocturia and improvement in sleep in men with M-BET versus an active drug comparator (α-blocker) used alone or in combination (M-BET + α-blocker) METHODS: This randomized, controlled trial was conducted in the ambulatory setting in 2 US Department of Veterans Affairs medical centers in men at least 40 years of age with nocturia (defined as ≥2 nightly episodes)...
October 28, 2016: Clinical Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007357/the-u-shaped-association-between-self-reported-sleep-duration-and-visual-impairment-in-korean-adults-a-population-based-study
#10
Youngju An, Choun-Ki Joo
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the association between self-reported sleep duration and visual impairment (VI) in Korean adults. METHODS: This population-based, cross-sectional study examined ophthalmologic data of 16,374 Koreans aged 19 years and older from the 2010-2012 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHNES V). VI data (best-corrected distance visual acuity worse than 0.5 logMAR in the better-seeing eye) were obtained from direct ophthalmologic examinations, and data on self-reported sleep duration (≤5, 6, 7, 8, or ≥9 h/night) were obtained using questionnaires...
October 2016: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998377/relationship-of-sleep-duration-with-sociodemographic-characteristics-lifestyle-mental-health-and-chronic-diseases-in-a-large-chinese-adult-population
#11
Shibin Wang, Bo Li, Yanhua Wu, Gabor S Ungvari, Chee H Ng, Yingli Fu, Changgui Kou, Yaqin Yu, Hong-Qiang Sun, Yu-Tao Xiang
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Pattern of sleep duration and its correlates have rarely been reported in China. This study examined the sleep duration and its relationship with sociodemographic variables, lifestyle, mental health, and chronic diseases in a large Chinese adult population. METHODS: This cross-sectional study used multistage stratified cluster sampling. A total of 17,320 participants from Jilin province were selected and interviewed using standardized assessment tools...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27969011/comparing-the-effects-of-music-and-exercise-with-music-for-older-adults-with-insomnia
#12
Chiung-Yu Huang, En-Ting Chang, Hui-Ling Lai
AIM: To examine the effects of a soothing music intervention before bedtime and a treadmill brisk walking exercise combined with music in the evening on sleep quality of sedentary older adults with chronic insomnia. BACKGROUND: There is evidence to support the use of complementary interventions to improve sleep. They are rarely applied in Taiwanese elderly population. METHODS: Using a crossover controlled trial, 38 participants aged 50 to 75 years were randomly assigned to a music intervention/brisk walking sequence or a brisk walking/music intervention sequence...
November 2016: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935322/physical-activity-and-cognition-a-mediating-role-of-efficient-sleep
#13
Kristine A Wilckens, Kirk I Erickson, Mark E Wheeler
OBJECTIVE: Physical activity benefits executive control, but the mechanism through which this benefit occurs is unclear. Sleep is a candidate mechanism given that it improves with exercise and has restorative effects on the prefrontal cortex. The present cross-sectional study examined the mediating role of sleep in the relationship between physical activity and executive control in young and older adults. PARTICIPANTS: Young (n = 59) and older (n = 53) community-dwelling adults ages 21-30 and 55-80...
December 9, 2016: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925430/pulmonary-hypertension-as-estimated-by-doppler-echocardiography-in-adolescent-and-adult-patients-with-cystic-fibrosis-and-their-relationship-with-clinical-lung-function-and-sleep-findings
#14
Bruna Ziegler, Christiano Perin, Fernanda Cano Casarotto, Simone Chaves Fagondes, Sérgio Saldanha Menna-Barreto, Paulo de Tarso Roth Dalcin
BACKGROUND: In cystic fibrosis (CF) patients, end stage of pulmonary disease is characterized by pulmonary hypertension (PH), hypoxemia, decrease in exercise tolerance, and sleep quality. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between clinical, lung function, sleep quality, and polysomnographic variables with PH in CF patients aged 16 years or older. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study, 51 clinically stable CF patients underwent a clinical evaluation, an overnight polysomnography and answered sleep questionnaires (Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index and Epworth sleepiness scale)...
December 7, 2016: Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862492/self-perceived-health-status-and-sleep-quality-of-older-adults-living-in-community-after-elastic-band-exercises
#15
Shu-Ya Chan, Kuei-Min Chen
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To test the effectiveness of a six-month senior elastic band exercise programme on the self-perceived health status and sleep quality of older adults living in community settings. BACKGROUND: Health issues common among older adults living in community settings include poor physical and mental health conditions and sleep quality. Engagement in appropriate exercise programmes facilitates alleviating these health issues among older adults. DESIGN: A quasi-experimental design was applied...
November 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805935/physical-therapy-and-exercise-for-hospice-patients
#16
Sonya L Kowalski
Falls are a particular health issue for hospice patients with cancer. Studies have found that 50% of patients diagnosed with advanced cancer fall during the subsequent 6-month time frame. The impact of falls on hospice and cancer patients is costly both in terms of reduced functional quality of life, increased anxiety and resulting pain and suffering. Physical therapy (PT) and exercise have been shown to be effective in reducing falls among older adult populations in the community. The purpose of this article is to review studies that examined PT and exercise for hospice and terminally ill cancer patients...
November 2016: Home Healthcare Now
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27728839/examining-evidence-based-resistance-plus-balance-training-in-community-dwelling-older-adults-with-complex-health-care-needs-trial-protocol-for-the-muscling-up-against-disability-project
#17
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Justin W L Keogh, Tim Henwood, Paul Gardiner, Anthony Tuckett, Brent Hodgkinson, Kevin Rouse
Progressive resistance plus balance training (PRBT) has been demonstrated as effective in reducing later life physical disability, falls risk and poor health, even among those with complex health care needs. However, few studies have examined the influence of PRBT on health service utilisation, cognitive wellbeing and training modality acceptance or undertaken a cost benefit analysis. This project will investigate the broad scope benefits of PRBT participation among community-dwelling older Australians receiving Government supported aged care packages for their complex health care needs...
January 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27620727/a-community-based-cross-sectional-study-of-sleep-quality-in-middle-aged-and-older-adults
#18
Hui-Shan Zhang, Yuan Li, Hai-Yun Mo, De-Xing Qiu, Jing Zhao, Jia-Li Luo, Wei-Quan Lin, Jia-Ji Wang, Pei-Xi Wang
BACKGROUND: Sleep quality has been widely studied among western countries. However, there is limited population-based evidence on insomnia in Chinese adult populations, especially in middle-aged and older adults. The aims of present study are to (1) examine the prevalence of poor sleep among Chinese middle-age and older adults, (2) compare the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) seven domain scores across different physical health statuses, (3) explore factors associated with insomnia...
September 12, 2016: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27586134/replacing-sedentary-time-with-sleep-light-or-moderate-to-vigorous-physical-activity-effects-on-self-regulation-and-executive-functioning
#19
J Fanning, G Porter, E A Awick, D K Ehlers, S A Roberts, G Cooke, A Z Burzynska, M W Voss, A F Kramer, E McAuley
Recent attention has highlighted the importance of reducing sedentary time for maintaining health and quality of life. However, it is unclear how changing sedentary behavior may influence executive functions and self-regulatory strategy use, which are vital for the long-term maintenance of a health behavior regimen. The purpose of this cross-sectional study is to examine the estimated self-regulatory and executive functioning effects of substituting 30 min of sedentary behavior with 30 min of light activity, moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA), or sleep in a sample of older adults...
April 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27516362/physical-emotional-and-social-impacts-of-restricting-back-pain-in-older-adults-a-qualitative-study
#20
Una E Makris, Robin T Higashi, Emily G Marks, Liana Fraenkel, Thomas M Gill, Janna L Friedly, M Carrington Reid
Objective: Back pain is the most common type of pain reported by older adults, yet current management strategies often do not address the multi-dimensional impacts on older adults who face unique challenges as compared with younger populations. The objective of this qualitative study was to assess the physical, psychological, and social impacts of back pain (severe enough to restrict activity, hereafter referred to as restricting back pain) on older adults. Design: This was a qualitative study using semi-structured interviews and focus groups...
July 1, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
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