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older adults exercise sleep

Shu-Ya Chan, Kuei-Min Chen
AIMS: To test the effectiveness of a 6-month Senior Elastic Band (SEB) exercise program on the self-perceived health status and sleep quality of older adults living in community settings. BACKGROUND: Health issues common among older adults living in community settings include poor physical and mental health conditions and sleep quality. Engagement in appropriate exercise programs facilitates alleviating these health issues among older adults. DESIGN: A quasi-experimental design was applied...
November 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
Sonya L Kowalski
Falls are a particular health issue for hospice patients with cancer. Studies have found that 50% of patients diagnosed with advanced cancer fall during the subsequent 6-month time frame. The impact of falls on hospice and cancer patients is costly both in terms of reduced functional quality of life, increased anxiety and resulting pain and suffering. Physical therapy (PT) and exercise have been shown to be effective in reducing falls among older adult populations in the community. The purpose of this article is to review studies that examined PT and exercise for hospice and terminally ill cancer patients...
November 2016: Home Healthcare Now
Justin W L Keogh, Tim Henwood, Paul Gardiner, Anthony Tuckett, Brent Hodgkinson, Kevin Rouse
Progressive resistance plus balance training (PRBT) has been demonstrated as effective in reducing later life physical disability, falls risk and poor health, even among those with complex health care needs. However, few studies have examined the influence of PRBT on health service utilisation, cognitive wellbeing and training modality acceptance or undertaken a cost benefit analysis. This project will investigate the broad scope benefits of PRBT participation among community-dwelling older Australians receiving Government supported aged care packages for their complex health care needs...
January 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Hui-Shan Zhang, Yuan Li, Hai-Yun Mo, De-Xing Qiu, Jing Zhao, Jia-Li Luo, Wei-Quan Lin, Jia-Ji Wang, Pei-Xi Wang
BACKGROUND: Sleep quality has been widely studied among western countries. However, there is limited population-based evidence on insomnia in Chinese adult populations, especially in middle-aged and older adults. The aims of present study are to (1) examine the prevalence of poor sleep among Chinese middle-age and older adults, (2) compare the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) seven domain scores across different physical health statuses, (3) explore factors associated with insomnia...
September 12, 2016: Quality of Life Research
J Fanning, G Porter, E A Awick, D K Ehlers, S A Roberts, G Cooke, A Z Burzynska, M W Voss, A F Kramer, E McAuley
Recent attention has highlighted the importance of reducing sedentary time for maintaining health and quality of life. However, it is unclear how changing sedentary behavior may influence executive functions and self-regulatory strategy use, which are vital for the long-term maintenance of a health behavior regimen. The purpose of this cross-sectional study is to examine the estimated self-regulatory and executive functioning effects of substituting 30 min of sedentary behavior with 30 min of light activity, moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA), or sleep in a sample of older adults...
September 1, 2016: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Una E Makris, Robin T Higashi, Emily G Marks, Liana Fraenkel, Thomas M Gill, Janna L Friedly, M Carrington Reid
OBJECTIVE: Back pain is the most common type of pain reported by older adults, yet current management strategies often do not address the multi-dimensional impacts on older adults who face unique challenges as compared with younger populations. The objective of this qualitative study was to assess the physical, psychological, and social impacts of back pain (severe enough to restrict activity, hereafter referred to as restricting back pain) on older adults. DESIGN: This was a qualitative study using semi-structured interviews and focus groups...
August 11, 2016: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
James Monica, Zachary Vredenburgh, Jeremy Korsh, Charles Gatt
Acute shoulder injuries in adults are often initially managed by family physicians. Common acute shoulder injuries include acromioclavicular joint injuries, clavicle fractures, glenohumeral dislocations, proximal humerus fractures, and rotator cuff tears. Acromioclavicular joint injuries and clavicle fractures mostly occur in young adults as the result of a sports injury or direct trauma. Most nondisplaced or minimally displaced injuries can be treated conservatively. Treatment includes pain management, short-term use of a sling for comfort, and physical therapy as needed...
July 15, 2016: American Family Physician
Daisuke Hori, Hiromasa Tsujiguchi, Yasuhiro Kambayashi, Toshio Hamagishi, Masami Kitaoka, Junko Mitoma, Hiroki Asakura, Fumihiko Suzuki, Enoch Olando Anyenda, Thao Thi Thu Nguyen, Yuri Hibino, Aki Shibata, Koichi Hayashi, Takiko Sagara, Shinichiro Sasahara, Ichiyo Matsuzaki, Kotaro Hatta, Tadashi Konoshita, Hiroyuki Nakamura
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to examine potential differences of the associations between mental health and lifestyle factors across a wide range of age. METHODS: In August/September 2011, data were collected from 4693 males (age 51.6 ± 19.5) and 5678 females (age 52.4 ± 19.4) living in Kanazawa, Japan. A cross-sectional community-based survey was conducted with self-administered questionnaire including the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ) 12-item version, sociodemographic, and lifestyle factors...
November 2016: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
Sweta Tewary, Nicole Cook, Naushira Pandya, Susan M McCurry
The purpose of the pilot program was to examine the adaptability and feasibility of a modified group-delivery sleep education program (NITE-AD) designed to reduce nocturnal disturbances in community-dwelling older adults with dementia. We recruited seven caregivers of persons with dementia from two adult day care centers in South Florida into a six-week group program at adult day care centers. A trained sleep educator taught caregivers about the impact of aging and dementia on sleep and how non-pharmacological interventions such as increasing light, regular exercise, and sleep hygiene strategies can improve sleep in persons with dementia...
April 4, 2016: Dementia
Md Ismail Tareque, Nayu Ikeda, Atsushi Koshio, Toshihiko Hasegawa
BACKGROUND: Anchoring vignettes are brief texts describing a hypothetical character who illustrates a certain fixed level of a trait under evaluation. This research uses vignettes to elucidate factors associated with sleep disorders in adult Japanese before and after adjustment for reporting heterogeneity in self-reports. This study also evaluates the need for adjusting for reporting heterogeneity in the management of sleep and energy related problems in Japan. METHODS: We investigated a dataset of 1002 respondents aged 18 years and over from the Japanese World Health Survey, which collected information through face-to-face interview from 2002 to 2003...
2016: BMC Psychiatry
Gretchen O Reynolds, Michael W Otto, Terry D Ellis, Alice Cronin-Golomb
In addition to the classic motor symptoms, Parkinson's disease (PD) is associated with a variety of nonmotor symptoms that significantly reduce quality of life, even in the early stages of the disease. There is an urgent need to develop evidence-based treatments for these symptoms, which include mood disturbances, cognitive dysfunction, and sleep disruption. We focus here on exercise interventions, which have been used to improve mood, cognition, and sleep in healthy older adults and clinical populations, but to date have primarily targeted motor symptoms in PD...
January 2016: Movement Disorders: Official Journal of the Movement Disorder Society
Yohannes W Endeshaw, Wonsuk Yoo
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between organized social activity, walking exercise, and insomnia symptoms. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Data for analysis are derived from the National Health Aging Trends Study (NHATS). At baseline, demographic characteristics, socioeconomic status, health-related behaviors, sleep-related problems, and health status were assessed using questionnaires. RESULTS: Data for 7,162 community-dwelling older adults were available for analysis...
September 2016: Journal of Aging and Health
Kuei-Min Chen, Chun-Huw Li, Hsin-Ting Huang, Yin-Yin Cheng
BACKGROUND: Physical activity holds promise for mobility-impaired older adults to prevent further disabilities and improve their health. However, staffing constraints have made it challenging to promote physical activity in long-term care facilities. OBJECTIVES: To test the feasibility and effects of 12 months Wheelchair-bound Senior Elastic Band (WSEB) group-exercises that were led by volunteers for the first six months followed by the DVD-guided for another six months on functional fitness, activities of daily living (ADL), and sleep quality of nursing home older adults in wheelchairs...
March 2016: International Journal of Nursing Studies
Devon A Dobrosielski, Phillip Phan, Patrick Miller, Joseph Bohlen, Tamara Douglas-Burton, Nicolas D Knuth
INTRODUCTION: Exercise promotes cardiovascular health through its direct impact on the vascular endothelium. Conversely, poor sleep quality is associated with endothelial dysfunction, which may explain the increased cardiovascular disease amongst poor sleepers. Yet, the influence of physical activity and poor sleep quality on vascular health is not clear. PURPOSE: This study examined the relationships between forearm vasodilatory capacity, self-reported sleep quality and free-living, actigraphy-derived energy expenditure in a group of young and older community dwelling adults...
March 2016: European Journal of Applied Physiology
Sewon Kim, Jee-Yon Lee, Jin-Young Oh, Lan Chekal, Duk Chul Lee
BACKGROUND: Atopic dermatitis (AD) is characterized by pruritic and eczematous skin lesions, which often cause depressive symptoms, anxiety, stress, sleep disturbances, social withdrawal, and stigmatization. METHODS: In total, 23,442 subjects (434 AD patients and 23,008 control subjects) aged 19 years or older and without a history of major medical illness or depressive disorders were selected from The Fifth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2007-2012...
November 2015: Korean Journal of Family Medicine
Farkhondeh Sharif, Maryam Seddigh, Iran Jahanbin, Sareh Keshavarzi
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Aging is associated with reduced quality and quantity of sleep. 50% of senior citizens living in the community and 70% of those living in nursing homes suffer from sleep disorders. Moreover, insomnia increases the risk of mortality and morbidity in older adults. We aimed to investigate the effect of aerobic exercise on quantity and quality of sleep among the elderly people referring to health centers of Lar city, southern Iran. METHODS AND PATIENTS: We enrolled 60 elderly people whose age range was 60-75 years and (mean ±SD) age was (64...
2015: Current Aging Science
Wanhyung Lee, Sung-Shil Lim, Jong-Uk Won, Jaehoon Roh, June-Hee Lee, Hongdeok Seok, Jin-Ha Yoon
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to investigate the association between sleep duration and dry eye syndrome (DES) symptoms. METHODS: We investigated 15,878 subjects (male = 6684; female = 9194) aged 20 years and older who underwent physical examinations and completed a self-report questionnaire and other anthropometric variables from the fifth Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) 2010-2012. Odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) for DES according to sleep duration were calculated using multiple logistic regression models...
November 2015: Sleep Medicine
Kenneth M Madden, Maureen C Ashe, Chris Lockhart, Jocelyn M Chase
OBJECTIVES: Previous studies have demonstrated that aerobic exercise interventions have a positive impact on sleep efficiency in older adults. However, little work has been done on the impact of sedentary behavior (sitting, watching television, etc.) on sleep efficiency. METHODS: 54 Community-dwelling men and women >65 years of age living in Whistler, British Columbia (mean 71.5 years) were enrolled in this cross-sectional observational study. Measures of sleep efficiency as well as average waking sedentary (ST), light (LT), and moderate (MT) activity were recorded with Sensewear accelerometers worn continuously for 7 days...
June 2014: Sleep Science
Bo Mi Song, Hyeon Chang Kim, Yumie Rhee, Yoosik Youm, Chang Oh Kim
BACKGROUND: This study aims to examine associations between serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] concentrations and depressive symptoms in an older Korean population. METHODS: The study used data from the Korean Urban Rural Elderly study, which enrolled 2942 participants aged 65 years or older from urban and rural communities. After excluding those treated with antidepressants, we conducted cross-sectional analysis of 2853 participants (962 men and 1891 women). Serum 25(OH)D was analyzed as both a continuous and categorized variable...
January 1, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
M E McNeely, R P Duncan, G M Earhart
Evidence indicates exercise is beneficial for motor and non-motor function in older adults and people with chronic diseases including Parkinson disease (PD). Dance may be a relevant form of exercise in PD and older adults due to social factors and accessibility. People with PD experience motor and non-motor symptoms, but treatments, interventions, and assessments often focus more on motor symptoms. Similar non-motor symptoms also occur in older adults. While it is well-known that dance may improve motor outcomes, it is less clear how dance affects non-motor symptoms...
December 2015: Maturitas
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