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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149686/preliminary-application-of-structure-from-motion-and-gis-to-document-decomposition-and-taphonomic-processes
#1
Connor D Carlton, Samantha Mitchell, Patrick Lewis
Over the past decade, Structure from Motion (SfM) has increasingly been used as a means of digital preservation and for documenting archaeological excavations, architecture, and cultural material. However, few studies have tapped the potential of using SfM to document and analyze taphonomic processes affecting burials for forensic sciences purposes. This project utilizes SfM models to elucidate specific post-depositional events that affected a series of three human cadavers deposited at the South East Texas Applied Forensic Science Facility (STAFS)...
November 2, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149493/impact-of-chronic-hepatitis-c-virus-infection-on-the-survival-of-patients-with-oropharyngeal-cancer
#2
Minas P Economides, Moran Amit, Parag S Mahale, Jeff J Hosry, Ying Jiang, Uddalak Bharadwaj, Erich M Sturgis, Harrys A Torres
BACKGROUND: Although an association between hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection and oropharyngeal cancers (OPCs) has been reported, to the authors' knowledge the clinical significance of this epidemiological finding remains unknown. Therefore, the authors analyzed the oncologic outcomes of HCV-infected patients with OPCs. METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study, all patients with OPCs who were seen at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center between January 2004 and December 2015 were reviewed...
November 17, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149448/crisis-in-the-country
#3
Sean Price
Since 2010, Texas has seen more rural hospitals close than has any other state, leaving huge gaps in health care; however, the state's rural areas have options for maintaining health care facilities.
November 1, 2017: Texas Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149447/a-wealth-of-information
#4
Joey Berlin
The Center for Health Care Research Data at The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston School of Public Health has earned a certification that will allow it to analyze and report on Medicare claims data from Texas.
November 1, 2017: Texas Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149446/a-flood-of-problems
#5
Sean Price
Hurricane Harvey devastated the Texas coast in late August. Widespread flooding in the Houston area wiped out thousands of homes and businesses, including countless medical facilities and practices. Although the short-term health concerns may be apparent, longer-term effects associated with stress and environmental issues can be harder to spot.
November 1, 2017: Texas Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148369/newly-recognized-pediatric-cases-of-typhus-group-rickettsiosis-houston-texas-usa
#6
Timothy Erickson, Juliana da Silva, Melissa S Nolan, Lucila Marquez, Flor M Munoz, Kristy O Murray
An increase in typhus group rickettsiosis and an expanding geographic range occurred in Texas, USA, over a decade. Because this illness commonly affects children, we retrospectively examined medical records from 2008-2016 at a large Houston-area pediatric hospital and identified 36 cases. The earliest known cases were diagnosed in 2011.
December 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148337/hospital-compare-and-hospital-choice-public-reporting-and-hospital-choice-by-hip-replacement-patients-in-texas
#7
Robert S Blake, Harold D Clarke
The Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services publicizes comparative performance data on Hospital Compare, a website maintained to support consumer decision making. Given the agency's goal, this study investigates the relationship between public reporting and hospital choices of hip replacement patients in Texas. Estimating individual-level valuations of provider characteristics allowing for heterogeneity across patients, we find consumer selections and hospitals' displayed performance vary together in time...
March 1, 2017: Medical Care Research and Review: MCRR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145939/effect-of-retention-in-elementary-grades-on-dropping-out-of-school-early
#8
Jan N Hughes, Qian Cao, Stephen G West, Paula Allee Smith, Carissa Cerda
This study investigated the effect of grade retention in elementary school on dropping out of school by age 16. Participants were 538 (54% males) ethnically diverse, academically at-risk students recruited from Texas schools into a longitudinal study when they were in first grade (mean age=6.58). Propensity score weighting successfully equated the 171 retained students and the 367 continuously promoted students on 65 covariates assessed in grade 1. Fifty-one students dropped out of school by age 16 and 487 persisted...
December 2017: Journal of School Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145870/bacillus-anthracis-gamma-phage-lysis-among-soil-bacteria-an-update-on-test-specificity
#9
Cari B Kolton, Nicole L Podnecky, Sean V Shadomy, Jay E Gee, Alex R Hoffmaster
BACKGROUND: Bacillus anthracis, which causes anthrax in humans and animals, is enzootic in parts of the U.S. state of Texas where cases are typically reported in animals annually. The gamma phage lysis assay is a common diagnostic method for identification of B. anthracis and is based on the bacterium's susceptibility to lysis. This test has been shown to be 97% specific for B. anthracis, as a small number of strains of other Bacillus spp. are known to be susceptible. In this study, we evaluated the performance of a combination of B...
November 16, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145821/exposure-to-a-community-wide-campaign-is-associated-with-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behavior-among-hispanic-adults-on-the-texas-mexico-border
#10
Natalia I Heredia, MinJae Lee, Belinda M Reininger
BACKGROUND: Despite evidence for the use of community-wide campaigns to promote physical activity, few evaluations of community-wide campaigns in Hispanic communities exist. This study assessed the associations of exposure to a community-wide campaign with physical activity and sedentary behavior among Hispanic adults living on the Texas-Mexico border. METHODS: The intervention, Tu Salud ¡Si Cuenta! (Your Health Matters!; TSSC), included a newsletter, community health worker discussion, TV and radio segments, which were conducted from 2005 to 2010...
November 16, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143479/encapsulation-of-rifampin-in-a-polymeric-layer-by-layer-structure-for-drug-delivery
#11
Akbar Esmaeili, Meissam Khodaei
Rifampin (RIF) is a bactericidal antibiotic drug and potent inducer of hepatic and intestinal cytochrome P-450 (CYP-450) enzyme systems. Given by mouth or intravenously, it can cause numerous clinical drug interactions; thus, alternative systems of drug delivery that bypass some or all of its toxic effects are well worth investigating. In this study, a controlled layer-by-layer (LBL) process of encapsulating RIF in biocompatible alginate and chitosan polymers loaded onto Fe3 O4 nanoparticles was developed. Fe3 O4 nanoparticles were synthesized from FeCl3 ·6H2 O using a hydrothermal procedure...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142939/negative-staining-for-col4a5-correlates-with-worse-prognosis-and-more-severe-ultrastructural-alterations-in-males-with-alport-syndrome
#12
Samar M Said, Mary E Fidler, Anthony M Valeri, Brooke McCann, Wade Fiedler, Lynn D Cornell, Mariam Priya Alexander, Ahmed M Alkhunaizi, Anne Sullivan, Carl H Cramer, Marie C Hogan, Samih H Nasr
Introduction: Alport syndrome (AS) is a genetic disorder characterized by progressive hematuric nephropathy with or without sensorineural hearing loss and ocular lesions. Previous studies on AS included mostly children. Methods: To determine the prognostic value of loss of staining for collagen type IV alpha 5 (COL4A5) and its relationship with the ultrastructural glomerular basement membrane alterations, we performed direct immunofluorescence using a mixture of fluorescein isothiocyanate-conjugated and Texas-red conjugated antibodies against COL4A5 and COL4A2, respectively, on renal biopsies of 25 males with AS (including 16 who were diagnosed in adulthood)...
January 2017: KI Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141765/bionomics-and-spatial-distribution-of-triatomine-vectors-of-trypanosoma-cruzi-in-texas-and-other-southern-states-usa
#13
Rachel Curtis-Robles, Sarah A Hamer, Sage Lane, Michael Z Levy, Gabriel L Hamer
Defining spatial and temporal occurrences of triatomine vectors of Trypanosoma cruzi, the agent of Chagas disease, in the US is critical for public health protection. Through a citizen science program and field collections from 2012 to 2016, we collected 3,215 triatomines, mainly from Texas. Using morphological and molecular approaches, we identified seven Triatoma species and report sex, length, and blood engorgement status. Many citizen-collected triatomines (92.9%) were encountered indoors, in peridomestic settings, or in dog kennels and represent spillover transmission risk of T...
November 6, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141071/usefulness-of-total-12-lead-qrs-voltage-as-a-clue-to-diagnosis-of-patients-with-cardiac-sarcoidosis-severe-enough-to-warrant-orthotopic-heart-transplant
#14
William C Roberts, Tiffany M Becker, Shelley A Hall
Importance: Severe heart failure caused by cardiac sarcoidosis is difficult to diagnosis without biopsy. Objective: To assess whether total electrocardiographic 12-lead QRS voltage may be a clue to diagnosis. Design, Setting, Participants: Case-series study with cases collected at Baylor University Medical Center at Dallas, Dallas, Texas, from January 13, 2005, to January 24, 2017. The clinical records of 16 patients with severe heart failure caused by cardiac sarcoidosis were studied...
November 15, 2017: JAMA Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140837/disruption-of-biofilms-and-neutralization-of-bacteria-using-hypochlorous-acid-solution-an-in-vivo-and-in-vitro-evaluation
#15
Anna Day, Abdulnaser Alkhalil, Bonnie C Carney, Hilary N Hoffman, Lauren T Moffatt, Jeffrey W Shupp
OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to assess the effectiveness of a hypochlorous acid-based wound cleanser (Vashe Wound Solution [VWS], SteadMed Medical, Fort Worth, Texas) in disrupting methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilms relative to other cleansers using an in vitro collagen biofilm model and to evaluate cleansers' cytotoxicity. The bioburden reduction of venous stasis wounds by VWS and another cleanser was evaluated. METHODS: Plates coated with collagen films incubated with active bacteria cultures to yield biofilm mimics were treated with VWS, 1% and 10% povidone-iodine (PI), 0...
December 2017: Advances in Skin & Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140558/adherence-to-treatment-guidelines-and-survival-for-older-patients-with-stage-ii-or-iii-colon-cancer-in-texas-from-2001-through-2011
#16
Hui Zhao, Ning Zhang, Vivian Ho, Minming Ding, Weiguo He, Jiangong Niu, Ming Yang, Xianglin L Du, Daria Zorzi, Mariana Chavez-MacGregor, Sharon H Giordano
BACKGROUND: Treatment guidelines for colon cancer recommend colectomy with lymphadenectomy of at least 12 lymph nodes for patients with stage I to stage III disease as surgery adherence (SA) and adjuvant chemotherapy for individuals with stage III disease. Herein, the authors evaluated adherence to these guidelines among older patients in Texas with colon cancer and the associated survival outcomes. METHODS: Using Texas Cancer Registry data linked with Medicare data, the authors included patients with AJCC stage II and III colon cancer who were aged ≥66 years and diagnosed between 2001 and 2011...
November 15, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135821/compliance-with-fecal-calprotectin-testing-in-pediatric-inflammatory-bowel-disease-patients
#17
Karen Queliza, Michael K Wang, Richard Kellermayer
Fecal calprotectin (FC) is a highly sensitive biomarker for inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs). Utilization of this assay has been steadily increasing. However, adherence levels for FC have yet to be examined in the pediatric IBD setting. We analyzed 100 consecutive patients diagnosed with IBD between 2014 and 2015 at Texas Children's Hospital. Fifty-six percent of patients were male and median age at diagnosis was 13.7 years. Following diagnosis of IBD, 84 patients had a minimum of one FC requested, and 95...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135104/clinicopathological-and-prognostic-significance-of-cyclin-d1-amplification-in-patients-with-breast-cancer-a-meta-analysis
#18
Qi He, Jingxun Wu, Xin-Li Liu, Yi-Han Ma, Xiao-Ting Wu, Wen-Yi Wang, Han-Xiang An
PURPOSE: Cyclin D1 plays a critical role in tumorigenesis and the regulation of the G1/S transition in the cell cycle. The relationship between cyclin D1 amplification and clinicopathological parameters in patients with breast cancer remains controversial and its impact on survival outcome is not completely clear. We conducted a meta-analysis to investigate the associations between cyclin D1 gene amplification and certain clinicopathological characteristics and the prognosis in breast cancer...
September 2017: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134483/evaluating-the-impact-of-dyslexia-laws-on-the-identification-of-specific-learning-disability-and-dyslexia
#19
B Anne Barber Phillips, Timothy N Odegard
Dyslexia is a specific learning disability that impacts word reading accuracy and/or reading fluency. Over half of the states in the USA have passed legislation intended to promote better identification of individuals with dyslexia. To date, no study has been conducted to investigate the potential impact of state laws on the identification of specific learning disability (SLD), and limited data has been presented on the rate at which students in public school settings are identified with dyslexia. The first aim of the current study was to determine if any detectable changes in the identification rates of SLD have occurred in states implementing dyslexia laws because most states do not report number of students identified as dyslexic but rather those students identified with an SLD...
November 13, 2017: Annals of Dyslexia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134096/co-infection-does-not-predict-disease-signs-in-gopherus-tortoises
#20
Chava L Weitzman, Ryan Gov, Franziska C Sandmeier, Sarah J Snyder, C Richard Tracy
In disease ecology, the host immune system interacts with environmental conditions and pathogen properties to affect the impact of disease on the host. Within the host, pathogens may interact to facilitate or inhibit each other's growth, and pathogens interact with different hosts differently. We investigated co-infection of two Mycoplasma and the association of infection with clinical signs of upper respiratory tract disease in four congeneric tortoise host species (Gopherus) in the United States to detect differences in infection risk and disease dynamics in these hosts...
October 2017: Royal Society Open Science
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