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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718349/relationship-between-moral-distress-and-ethical-climate-with-job-satisfaction-in-nurses
#1
Sharareh Asgari, Vida Shafipour, Zohreh Taraghi, Jamshid Yazdani-Charati
BACKGROUND: Moral distress and ethical climate are important issues in the workplace that appear to affect people's quality of work life. OBJECTIVES: This study was conducted to determine the relationship of moral distress and ethical climate to job satisfaction in critical care nurses. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This descriptive-correlation study was conducted on 142 critical care nurses, selected from five social security hospitals in north Iran through census sampling...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716451/multidrug-resistant-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-lower-respiratory-tract-infections-in-the-intensive-care-unit-prevalence-and-risk-factors
#2
Trang D Trinh, Evan J Zasowski, Kimberly C Claeys, Abdalhamid M Lagnf, Shravya Kidambi, Susan L Davis, Michael J Rybak
Intensive care unit (ICU) admission is a risk for multidrug-resistant (MDR) Pseudomonas aeruginosa, but factors specific to critically ill pneumonia patients are not fully characterized. Objective was to determine risk factors associated with MDR P. aeruginosa pneumonia among ICU patients. This was a retrospective case-control study of P. aeruginosa pneumonia in the ICU; cystic fibrosis and colonizers were excluded. Risk factors included comorbid conditions and prior healthcare exposure (anti-pseudomonal antibiotics, hospitalizations, nursing home, P...
June 19, 2017: Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716014/the-comprehensive-post-acute-stroke-services-compass-study-design-and-methods-for-a-cluster-randomized-pragmatic-trial
#3
Pamela W Duncan, Cheryl D Bushnell, Wayne D Rosamond, Sara B Jones Berkeley, Sabina B Gesell, Ralph B D'Agostino, Walter T Ambrosius, Blair Barton-Percival, Janet Prvu Bettger, Sylvia W Coleman, Doyle M Cummings, Janet K Freburger, Jacqueline Halladay, Anna M Johnson, Anna M Kucharska-Newton, Gladys Lundy-Lamm, Barbara J Lutz, Laurie H Mettam, Amy M Pastva, Mysha E Sissine, Betsy Vetter
BACKGROUND: Patients discharged home after stroke face significant challenges managing residual neurological deficits, secondary prevention, and pre-existing chronic conditions. Post-discharge care is often fragmented leading to increased healthcare costs, readmissions, and sub-optimal utilization of rehabilitation and community services. The COMprehensive Post-Acute Stroke Services (COMPASS) Study is an ongoing cluster-randomized pragmatic trial to assess the effectiveness of a comprehensive, evidence-based, post-acute care model on patient-centered outcomes...
July 17, 2017: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715609/new-graduate-nurses-professional-commitment-antecedents-and-outcomes
#4
Sylvie Guerrero, Denis Chênevert, Steven Kilroy
PURPOSE: This study examines the factors that increase new graduate nurses' professional commitment and how this professional commitment in turn affects professional turnover intentions, anxiety, and physical health symptoms. DESIGN: The study was carried out in association with the nursing undergraduate's affiliation of Quebec, Canada. A three-wave longitudinal design was employed among nursing students. Nurses were surveyed before they entered the labor market, and then twice after they started working...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713493/a-new-strategy-in-neurocritical-care-nurse-continuing-stroke-education-a-hybrid-simulation-pilot-study
#5
Christopher Ryan Newey, Robert Bell, Melody Burks, Premkumar Nattanmai
INTRODUCTION: High-fidelity simulation is frequently utilized in medical education. Its use in the neurosciences is limited by the inherent limitations of the manikin to simulate neurological changes. We report here the use of a hybrid simulation - a combination of lecture and high-fidelity manikin - in the education of neurosciences nurses, involved in care of neurocritical care patients. METHODS: Neurosciences nurses from at the University of Missouri, Columbia, MO, USA, which is an academic, tertiary-care medical center participated in the simulation during Spring of 2016...
May 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712449/-nurses-and-inequalities-in-health-across-the-world
#6
David Stewart, Bethany Halpin
The nursing profession must be actively involved, across the world, in the fight against inequalities in accessing care. The nurse plays a critical role in ensuring that each individual has the right to enjoy the best health possible.
July 2017: Soins; la Revue de Référence Infirmière
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708798/the-nursing-performance-instrument-exploratory-and-confirmatory-factor-analyses-in-registered-nurses
#7
Knar Sagherian, Linsey M Steege, Jeanne Geiger-Brown, Donna Harrington
BACKGROUND: The optimal performance of nurses in healthcare settings plays a critical role in care quality and patient safety. Despite this importance, few measures are provided in the literature that evaluate nursing performance as an independent construct from competencies. The nine-item Nursing Performance Instrument (NPI) was developed to fill this gap. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to examine and confirm the underlying factor structure of the NPI in registered nurses...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708752/prevalence-of-burnout-in-health-professionals-working-in-palliative-care-a-systematic-review
#8
Vitor Parola, Adriana Coelho, Daniela Cardoso, Anna Sandgren, João Apóstolo
BACKGROUND: More than ever, the current increasing need for palliative care leads to health professionals providing this type of care which further leads to multiple challenges, and stressful and demanding situations. The multiple challenges of working in palliative care put health professionals working in this context at the risk of burnout. OBJECTIVES: To examine the evidence on the prevalence of burnout among health professionals working in palliative care. INCLUSION CRITERIA TYPES OF PARTICIPANTS: The current review included studies that encompass qualified health professionals working in palliative care, caring for patients 18 years of age or older...
July 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707782/exchanging-implements-the-micro-materialities-of-multidisciplinary-work-in-the-operating-theatre
#9
Christian Heath, Paul Luff, Marcus Sanchez-Svensson, Maxim Nicholls
Surgical procedures rely upon an array of commonplace tools, implements and materials that mediate practice and disciplinary collaboration within the operating theatre. Substantial time is dedicated to the issue and provision of these artefacts and their timely exchange is critical to the successful accomplishment of surgical procedures. In this article, we consider the practice, knowledge and agency that informs how particular implements and materials are passed by the scrub nurse to the surgeon that in turn enables their deployment with regard to the particular procedure and the contingencies 'at hand'...
July 14, 2017: Sociology of Health & Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707273/team-communication-patterns-in-emergency-resuscitation-a-mixed-methods-qualitative-analysis
#10
Lisa Anne Calder, George Mastoras, Mitra Rahimpour, Benjamin Sohmer, Brian Weitzman, A Adam Cwinn, Tara Hobin, Avi Parush
BACKGROUND: In order to enhance patient safety during resuscitation of critically ill patients, we need to optimize team communication and enhance team situational awareness but little is known about resuscitation team communication patterns. The objective of this study is to understand how teams communicate during resuscitation; specifically to assess for a shared mental model (organized understanding of a team's relationships) and information needs. METHODS: We triangulated 3 methods to evaluate resuscitation team communication at a tertiary care academic trauma center: (1) interviews; (2) simulated resuscitation observations; (3) live resuscitation observations...
December 2017: International Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704639/a-sense-of-agency-an-ethnographic-exploration-of-being-awake-during-mechanical-ventilation-in-the-intensive-care-unit
#11
Eva Laerkner, Ingrid Egerod, Finn Olesen, Helle Ploug Hansen
BACKGROUND: There is a current trend towards lighter or no sedation of mechanically ventilated patients in the intensive care unit. The advantages of less sedation have been demonstrated as shorter duration of mechanical ventilation and reduced length of stay in the intensive care unit and hospital. Non-sedated patients are more awake during mechanical ventilation, but little is known about how this affects the intensive care patient. AIM: To explore patients' experiences of being awake during critical illness and mechanical ventilation in the intensive care unit...
June 30, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704234/ce-tuberculosis-a-new-screening-recommendation-and-an-expanded-approach-to-elimination-in-the-united-states
#12
John Parmer, Leeanna Allen, Wanda Walton
A review of risk assessment, testing, and treatment. ABSTRACT: Nurses play a critical role in the diagnosis and treatment of tuberculosis and in the prevention of tuberculosis transmission through infection control practices. To eliminate tuberculosis in the United States, however, an expanded approach to testing and treating people with latent tuberculosis infection must be implemented. Recently, the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) issued a new recommendation statement on latent tuberculosis infection testing that expands nurses' opportunities to identify at-risk populations for tuberculosis prevention...
July 12, 2017: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704089/malaria-diagnosis-treatment-and-management-of-a-critically-ill-patient
#13
Chris Carter, Priscar Sakala Mukonka
Malaria is a significant cause of mortality in many countries and remains the most prevalent parasitic tropical infection. The World Health Organization estimates that 50% of the world's population is at risk of malaria, with most deaths occurring in sub-Saharan Africa. This case study explores the management of a malaria patient admitted to a critical care unit in Zambia, a lower-middle-income country in sub-Saharan Africa. While malaria is prevalent in Zambia and other countries, in the UK all malaria is imported and less frequently seen by health professionals...
July 13, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701889/education-for-community-based-family-medicine-a-social-need-in-the-real-world
#14
REVIEW
Shin-Ichi Taniguchi, Daeho Park, Kazuoki Inoue, Toshihiro Hamada
One of the most critical social problems in Japan is the remarkable increase in the aging population. Elderly patients with a variety of complications and issues other than biomedical problems such as dementia and life support with nursing care have been also increasing. Ever since the Japanese economy started to decline after the economic bubble burst of 1991 and the Lehman Brothers bankruptcy in 2008, how we can resolve health problems of the elderly at a lower cost has become one of our most challenging social issues...
June 2017: Yonago Acta Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701842/quality-of-dying-in-the-medical-intensive-care-unit-comparison-between-thai-buddhists-and-thai-muslims
#15
Veerapong Vattanavanit, Supattra Uppanisakorn, Rungsun Bhurayanontachai, Bodin Khwannimit
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Religious belief is an important aspect that influences the life of a patient, especially in Asia. We aim to compare the quality of death in an Intensive Care Unit (ICU) between Buddhists and Muslims from the perspectives of the relatives of the patients and the nurses and physicians. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This was a cohort study of critically ill patients who died after admission to a medical ICU in Songklanagarind Hospital in Thailand between 2015 and 2016...
June 2017: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699268/an-integrative-review-of-supports-facilitators-and-barriers-to-patient-centred-nursing-in-the-intensive-care-unit
#16
REVIEW
Samantha Jakimowicz, Lin Perry, Joanne Lewis
AIM: To systematically review the literature describing factors perceived by nurses as impacting the provision of patient-centred nursing in the intensive care unit. BACKGROUND: Patient-centred nursing in critical care differs from other healthcare areas, and the aggressive curative environment of the ICU has potential to compromise some of its elements. Understanding critical care nurses' perceptions of promoting and deterrent factors may inform development of strategies to support effective patient-centred nursing and job satisfaction in this workforce...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697752/who-is-responsible-for-providing-care-investigating-the-role-of-care-tasks-and-past-experiences-in-a-cross-sectional-survey-in-the-netherlands
#17
R J Hoefman, T M Meulenkamp, J D De Jong
BACKGROUND: Many countries face substitution from formal to informal care. It is essential that a sufficient number of caregivers, such as family, friends or neighbors, are willing and able to lend care to address the needs of ill or elderly persons. We investigated whether the general public, who might become caregivers in the future, and current informal caregivers align with the shift to more informal caregiving. METHODS: We studied the views on the responsibility for care of the general public versus the government, and whether these views differed among groups with diverse past experiences with care in terms of own health problems or previous caregiving activities...
July 11, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697503/update-of-sepsis-in-the-intensive-care-unit
#18
Kelly Roveran Genga, James A Russell
Sepsis, the most common cause of admission to an intensive care unit (ICU), has had an increased incidence and prevalence over the last years with a simultaneous decrease in its short-term mortality. Sepsis survivors are more frequently discharged from hospital and often experience long-term outcomes such as late mortality, immune dysfunction, secondary infections, impaired quality of life, and unplanned readmissions. Early recognition and management of sepsis have challenged emergency care and critical care physicians and nurses...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Innate Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693621/increasing-utilisation-of-skilled-facility-based-maternal-healthcare-services-in-rural-zambia-the-role-of-safe-motherhood-action-groups
#19
Cephas Sialubanje, Karlijn Massar, Larah Horstkotte, Davidson H Hamer, Robert A C Ruiter
BACKGROUND: Community-centred health interventions, such as Safe Motherhood Action groups (SMAGs), have potential to lead to desired health behavioural change and favourable health outcomes. SMAGs are community-based volunteer groups that aim to reduce critical delays that occur at household level with regard to decision-making about seeking life-saving maternal care at health facilities. The aim of this study was to explore perspectives, roles, achievements and challenges of the SMAG programme in Kalomo, Zambia...
July 10, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693596/prioritising-responses-of-nurses-to-deteriorating-patient-observations-pronto-protocol-testing-the-effectiveness-of-a-facilitation-intervention-in-a-pragmatic-cluster-randomised-trial-with-an-embedded-process-evaluation-and-cost-analysis
#20
Tracey K Bucknall, Gill Harvey, Julie Considine, Imogen Mitchell, Jo Rycroft-Malone, Ian D Graham, Mohammadreza Mohebbi, Jennifer Watts, Alison M Hutchinson
BACKGROUND: Vital signs are the primary indicator of physiological status and for determining the need for urgent clinical treatment. Yet, if physiological signs of deterioration are missed, misinterpreted or mismanaged, then critical illness, unplanned intensive care admissions, cardiac arrest and death may ensue. Although evidence demonstrates the benefit of early recognition and management of deteriorating patients, failure to escalate care and manage deteriorating patients remains a relatively frequent occurrence in hospitals...
July 11, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
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