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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29898685/characteristics-of-different-risk-factors-and-fasting-plasma-glucose-for-identifying-gdm-when-using-iadpsg-criteria-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Maryam Saeedi, Ulf Hanson, David Simmons, Helena Fadl
BACKGROUND: The Swedish National Board of Health and Welfare (SNBHW) recommended the new diagnostic criteria for GDM based upon Hyperglycaemia and Adverse Pregnancy Outcomes (HAPO) study thresholds. Due to limited knowledge base, no recommendations were made on GDM screening. The aim of this study is to evaluate test characteristics of risk factors and fasting blood glucose as screening tests for diagnosing GDM using diagnostic thresholds based upon HAPO study 1.75/2.0 (model I/II respectively) odds ratio for adverse pregnancy outcomes...
June 13, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29860070/effect-of-phytase-enzyme-on-growth-performance-serum-biochemical-alteration-immune-response-and-gene-expression-in-nile-tilapia
#2
Mostafa A Abo Norag, Abeer M Elshenawy, Sabreen E Fadl, Walied S Abdo, Doaa M Gad, Mohammed A Rashed, Abdelbary Mohammed Prince
The present study aimed to investigate the effect of low phosphorus diet with or without different levels of phytase enzyme supplementation on growth performance, body composition, nutrient retention efficiency, gene expression, and health status of A. hydrophila challenged fish. A total of 240 monosex males of Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) with an average body weight of 23.19 ± 0.15 g/fish were used. Fish were randomly chosen and divided into 4 equal groups (60 fish per group), with 3 subgroups containing 20 fish as a replicate...
May 31, 2018: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29848951/trends-in-deaths-from-rheumatic-heart-disease-in-the-eastern-mediterranean-region-burden-and-challenges
#3
Azza M A M Abul-Fadl, Maha M Mourad, Alaa Ghamrawy, Ayah Ebada Sarhan
Rheumatic heart disease (RHD) is a preventable disease that is prevalent in developing regions of the world. Its eradication from most of the developed world indicates that this disease can be controlled and eliminated. Aim: To conduct an in-depth analysis of the trends and challenges of controlling RHD in the Eastern Mediterranean region (EMR). Methodology: Global data from the World Health Organization (WHO) data banks were retrieved for total deaths and age standardized death rate per 100,000 (ASDR) by age group, sex, and year (from 2000 to 2015)...
May 30, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Development and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29801593/levels-of-health-awareness-in-diabetic-patients-during-ramadan-2015-focus-group-discussion-in-riyadh-saudi-arabia
#4
F Y Al Slail, H U Afridi, Sahar Mohamed Fadl, O O Kheir
A qualitative study was carried out to explore the health status of people with diabetes during Ramadan. Fifteen patients participated in two focus group discussions. Most respondents reported lack of knowledge regarding their own conditions and do not follow the medical advice of not fasting during Ramadan. Barriers facing the patients seeking healthcare before and during Ramadan were the atmosphere, long distances to facilities, monthly appointments, and monthly prescribed medication. All respondents agreed on the importance of physical activity but their opinions varied on how to conduct it...
March 2018: Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705371/effect-of-probiotic-supplement-on-aflatoxicosis-and-gene-expression-in-the-liver-of-broiler-chicken
#5
Ramadan Salem, Nagwan El-Habashi, Sabreen E Fadl, Osama A Sakr, Zizy I Elbialy
The present study aimed to investigate the toxic effect of aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) and the effectiveness of a biological mycotoxin binder (Nutritox® ) in detoxifying aflatoxicosis. Ninety one-day-old chicks were chosen and divided into 3 groups. The first group received standard basal diet only, the second group received a basal diet with AFB1 (0.25 mg/kg diet), and the third group received a basal diet with AFB1 (0.25 mg/kg diet) and Nutritox® (1 kg/ton diet). AFB1 feed contamination significantly reduced growth performance and deteriorated FCR...
June 2018: Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668596/predictors-of-in-hospital-mortality-in-a-cohort-of-elderly-egyptian-patients-with-acute-upper-gastrointestinal-bleeding
#6
Mohamed A Elsebaey, Heba Elashry, Tamer A Elbedewy, Ahmed A Elhadidy, Noha E Esheba, Sherif Ezat, Manal Saad Negm, Yousry Esam-Eldin Abo-Amer, Mohamed El Abgeegy, Heba Fadl Elsergany, Loai Mansour, Sherief Abd-Elsalam
Acute upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB) affects large number of elderly with high rates of morbidity and mortality. Early identification and management of the factors predicting in-hospital mortality might decrease mortality. This study was conducted to identify the causes of acute UGIB and the predictors of in-hospital mortality in elderly Egyptian patients.286 elderly patients with acute UGIB were divided into: bleeding variceal group (161 patients) and bleeding nonvariceal group (125 patients). Patients' monitoring was done during hospitalization to identify the risk factors that might predict in-hospital mortality in elderly...
April 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29570206/participation-in-research-improves-overall-patient-management-insights-from-the-global-rheumatic-heart-disease-registry-remedy
#7
E A Prendergast, S Perkins, M E Engel, B Cupido, V Francis, A Joachim, M Al Kebsi, F Bode-Thomas, A Damasceno, A Abul Fadl, A El Sayed, B Gitura, N Kennedy, A Ibrahim, J Mucumbitsi, A M Adeoye, J Musuku, E Okello, T Olunuga, S Sheta, B M Mayosi, L J Zühlke
BACKGROUND: Rheumatic heart disease (RHD) is a major public health problem in low- and middle-income countries (LIMCs), with a paucity of high-quality trial data to improve patient outcomes. Investigators felt that involvement in a recent large, observational RHD study impacted positively on their practice, but this was poorly defined. AIM: The purpose of this study was to document the experience of investigators and research team members from LMICs who participated in a prospective, multi-centre study, the global Rheumatic Heart Disease Registry (REMEDY), conducted in 25 centres in 14 countries from 2010 to 2012...
March 2018: Cardiovascular Journal of Africa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29534482/assessment-of-the-baby-friendly-hospital-initiative-implementation-in-the-eastern-mediterranean-region
#8
Ayoub Al-Jawaldeh, Azza Abul-Fadl
The Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative (BFHI) is a global program for promoting support and protection for breastfeeding. However, its impact on malnutrition, especially in countries of the Eastern Mediterranean region (EMR) that are facing the turmoil of conflict and emergencies, deserves further investigation. Having said that, this paper aims to discuss the status and challenges to BFHI implementation in the EMR countries. Data on BFHI implementation, breastfeeding practices, and nutritional status were collected from countries through structured questionnaires, personal interviews, and databases...
March 11, 2018: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29518576/identification-of-ethanol-tolerant-outer-membrane-proteome-reveals-ompc-dependent-mechanism-in-a-manner-of-envz-ompr-regulation-in-escherichia-coli
#9
Dan-Feng Zhang, Jin-Zhou Ye, Hong-Hou Dai, Xiang-Min Lin, Hui Li, Xuan-Xian Peng
Ethanol is an efficient disinfectant, but long-term and wide usage of ethanol leads to microbial tolerance. Bacteria with the tolerance are widely identified. However, mechanisms of the tolerance are not elucidated. To explore the mechanisms of outer membrane (OM) proteins underlying ethanol tolerance in bacteria, functional proteomic methodologies were utilized to characterize OM proteins of E. coli suddenly exposed to 3.125% ethanol. Of eleven proteins altered significantly, seven were OM proteins, in which LamB, FadL and OmpC were up-regulated, and OmpT, OmpF, Tsx and OmpA were down-regulated...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502712/management-of-traumatic-brain-injury-an-update
#10
REVIEW
Mohamed H Abou El Fadl, Kristine H O'Phelan
The care of patients with traumatic brain injury can be one of the most challenging and rewarding aspects of clinical neurocritical care. This article reviews the approach to unique aspects specific to the care of this patient population. These aspects include appropriate use of sedation and analgesia, and the principles and the clinical use of intracranial monitors. Common clinical challenges encountered in these patients are also discussed, including the treatment of intracranial hypertension, temperature management, and control of sympathetic hyperactivity...
April 2018: Neurosurgery Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29482153/optical-parameters-and-dispersion-behavior-of-potassium-magnesium-chloride-sulfate-single-crystals-doped-with-co-2-ions
#11
A Abu El-Fadl, A M Abd-Elsalam
Single crystals of potassium magnesium chloride sulfate (KMCS) doped with cobalt ions were grown by slow cooling method. Powder XRD study confirmed the monoclinic structure of the grown crystals. The functional group vibrations were checked through FTIR spectroscopy measurements. In optical studies, the absorbance behavior of the crystals and their optical energy gap were established by Tauc plot. The refractive index, the extinction coefficient and other optical constants were calculated for the grown crystals...
May 5, 2018: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448838/novel-methotrexate-soft-nanocarrier-fractional-erbium-yag-laser-combination-for-clinical-treatment-of-plaque-psoriasis
#12
Shahenda A Ramez, Mona M Soliman, Maha Fadel, Faisal Nour El-Deen, Maha Nasr, Eman R Youness, Dalea M Aboel-Fadl
Psoriasis is a commonly encountered chronic dermatological disease, presenting with inflammatory symptoms in patients. Systemic treatment of psoriasis is associated with several adverse effects, therefore the development of a customized topical treatment modality for psoriasis would be an interesting alternative to systemic delivery. The therapeutic modality explored in this article was the comparative treatment of psoriatic patients using nanoparticulated methotrexate in the form of jojoba oil-based microemulsion with or without fractional erbium YAG laser...
February 15, 2018: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29399382/epidemiological-review-of-francisella-tularensis-a-case-study-in-the-complications-of-dual-diagnoses
#13
Ralph Anthony Stidham, David B Freeman, Robert L von Tersch, Peter J Sullivan, Samantha D Tostenson
Introduction: Tularemia is a rare but potentially fatal disease that develops in numerous wild and domestic animals, including lagomorphs, rodents, cats, and humans.  Francisella tularensis bacterium, the causative agent of tularemia, was identified by veterinary personnel at Fort Riley, Kansas during a routine post-mortum evaluation of a domestic feline. However, before formal diagnosis was confirmed, the sample was sent and prepared for rabies testing at the Department of Defense (DoD) U...
January 18, 2018: PLoS Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340878/core-curriculum-case-illustration-tubo-ovarian-abscess
#14
Nehal Mohamed Ibrahim Saloum, Ahmed Saied Sabry, Shaimaa Abdelhassib Fadl
This is the 47th installment of a series that will highlight one case per publication issue from the bank of cases available online as part of the American Society of Emergency Radiology (ASER) educational resources. Our goal is to generate more interest in and use of our online materials. To view more cases online, please visit the ASER Core Curriculum and Recommendations for Study online at: http://www.erad.org/page/CCIP_TOC .
January 17, 2018: Emergency Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241109/pharmacokinetic-studies-of-naproxen-amides-of-some-amino-acid-esters-with-promising-colorectal-cancer-chemopreventive-activity
#15
Tarek Aboul-Fadl, Soliman S Al-Hamad, Ehab A Fouad
Naproxen (nap) is belonging to Non-steriodal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) group of drugs that characterized by their free carboxylic group. The therapeutic activity of nap is usually accompanied by GI untoward side effects. Recently synthesized naproxen amides of some amino acid esters prodrugs to mask the free carboxylic group were reported. Those prodrugs showed a promising colorectal cancer chemopreventive activity. The current study aims to investigate the fate and hydrolysis of the prodrugs kinetically in different pH conditions, simulated gastric and intestinal fluids with pHs of 1...
February 2018: Bioorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224255/the-highest-mortality-rates-in-childhood-dilated-cardiomyopathy-occur-during-the-first-year-after-diagnosis
#16
Shalan Fadl, Håkan Wåhlander, Katja Fall, Yang Cao, Jan Sunnegårdh
AIM: The aim of the study was to assess the incidence, mortality and morbidity of dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) and noncompaction of the left ventricle (LVNC) in Swedish children. METHODS: We reviewed hospital records of all children with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) or left ventricular noncompaction cardiomyopathy (LVNC) up to the age of 18 in the healthcare region of western Sweden from 1991 to 2015. RESULTS: In total, 69 cases (61% males) were identified...
April 2018: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188707/increasing-extracellular-free-fatty-acid-production-in-escherichia-coli-by-disrupting-membrane-transport-systems
#17
Kwang Soo Shin, Sung Kuk Lee
Transposon mutagenesis was used to identify three mutants of E. coli that exhibited increased free fatty acid (FFA) production, which resulted from the disruption of genes related to membrane transport. Deletion of envR, gusC, and mdlA individually in a recombinant E. coli strain resulted in 1.4-, 1.8-, and 1.2-fold increases in total FFA production, respectively. In particular, deletion of envR increased the percentage of extracellular FFA to 46%, compared with 29% for the control strain. Multiple deletion of envR, gusC, mdlA, ompF, and fadL had a synergistic effect on FFA production, resulting in high extracellular FFA production, comprising up to 50% of total FFA production...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188490/igg4-related-disease-of-the-appendix
#18
Fadl H Veerankutty, Suhail Saleem, Sidharth Chacko, Vipin I Sreekumar, Prasad Krishnan, Deepak Varma, Prakash Kurumboor
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 29, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187950/assessment-of-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-detection-methods-analytical-comparative-study
#19
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Omer Mohammed Ali Ibrahim, Naser Eldin Bilal, Omran Fadl Osman, Magzoub Abbas Magzoub
Introduction: The heterogeneous expression of methicillin resistance in Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) affects the efficiency of tests available to detect it. The objective of this study was to assess four phenotypic tests used to detect MRSA. Methods: This is an analytical comparative study conducted among sudanese patients during period from May 2012 to July 2014, Staphylococcus aureus strains were isolated and identified by conventional methods, and then confirmed by PCR detection of coagulase gene...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159577/core-curriculum-case-illustration-a-rare-case-of-an-isolated-fallopian-tube-torsion
#20
Nehal Mohamed Ibrahim Saloum, Hayley Wurtz Hunt, Shaimaa Abdelhassib Fadl
This is the 46th installment of a series that will highlight one case per publication issue from the bank of cases available online as part of the American Society of Emergency Radiology (ASER) educational resources. Our goal is to generate more interest in and use of our online materials. To view more cases online, please visit the ASER Core Curriculum and Recommendations for Study online at: http://www.erad.org/page/CCIP_TOC .
November 21, 2017: Emergency Radiology
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