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Liesl Zühlke, Ganesan Karthikeyan, Mark E Engel, Sumathy Rangarajan, Pam Mackie, Blanche Cupido, Katya Mauff, Shofiqul Islam, Rezeen Daniels, Veronica Francis, Stephen Ogendo, Bernard Gitura, Charles Mondo, Emmy Okello, Peter Lwabi, Mohammed M Al-Kebsi, Christopher Hugo-Hamman, Sahar S Sheta, Abraham Haileamlak, Wandimu Daniel, Dejuma Yadeta Goshu, Senbeta G Abdissa, Araya G Desta, Bekele A Shasho, Dufera M Begna, Ahmed ElSayed, Ahmed S Ibrahim, John Musuku, Fidelia Bode-Thomas, Christopher C Yilgwan, Ganiyu A Amusa, Olukemi Ige, Basil Okeahialam, Christopher Sutton, Rajeev Misra, Azza Abul Fadl, Neil Kennedy, Albertino Damasceno, Mahmoud U Sani, Okechukwu S Ogah, Taiwo Olunuga, Huda ElHassan, Ana Olga Mocumbi, Abiodun M Adeoye, Pindile S Mntla, Dike B Ojji, Joseph Mucumbitsi, Koon Teo, Salim Yusuf, Bongani M Mayosi
BACKGROUND: -There are few contemporary data on the mortality and morbidity associated with rheumatic heart disease (RHD) or information on their predictors. We report the two year follow-up of individuals with RHD from 14 low and middle income countries in Africa and Asia. METHODS: -Between January 2010 and November 2012, we enrolled 3343 patients from 25 centers in 14 countries and followed them for two years to assess mortality, congestive heart failure (CHF), stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA), recurrent acute rheumatic fever (ARF), and infective endocarditis (IE)...
October 4, 2016: Circulation
Lu Ying, Huanhu Zhu
Fatty acids and fatty acid-derived lipids (FAs/FADLs) play essential roles in many living organisms, including contributions to membrane structure and signaling transduction. Aberrant metabolism of FAs/FADLs often causes diseases and health problems. However, the detailed mechanistic studies of specific FAs/FADLs in vivo are limited. C. elegans has been an effective model system for FA/ FADL studies due to its powerful genetics and conserved lipid biosynthetic pathways. The recently developed high-throughput analytic tools also enable sophisticated profiling of lipids molecules in C...
2016: Worm
Khalid Nasser Fadle, Ahmed Gaber Hassanein, Abdin K Kasim
INTRODUCTION: Fibrous dysplasia (FD) is a non-neoplastic developmental fibro-osseous disease. It represents 2.5% of all bone tumors and 5% to 7% of the benign bone tumors. Orbitocranial region is involved in about 20% of the patients. The main presentations are craniofacial deformity and headache. Loss of vision is the most devastating result of this disease. There is no medical treatment to cure or prevent FD. Radiation therapy is contraindicated. Surgery for the orbitocranial FD is often challenging because of the proximity of neurovascular and ocular structures...
September 9, 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Nada A Abdelrahim, Hiba I Ahmed, Imad M Fadl-Elmula, Magdi A Bayoumi, Mamoun M Homeida
Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are major health threats affecting people globally; however, the burden of STIs is greatest in low-income countries. Since they are physiologically more vulnerable, women are mostly affected. The risk is increased dramatically during pregnancy leading to serious health complications that may affect the newborn. Underprivileged pregnant women attending antenatal clinics for routine checkups in displaced camps, a women's prison and several peripheral health centres were clinically and laboratory screened for trichomoniasis, chlamydial infections, gonorrhea and syphilis...
August 31, 2016: International Journal of STD & AIDS
Amira N Fadl, Magda M ElTekeya, Karin L Dowidar, Nadia Mokhles, Maha M El Tantawi
PURPOSE: Control of Streptococcus mutans can prevent caries in high-risk preschool children. The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of casein phosphopeptide amorphous calcium phosphate (CPP-ACP) on Streptococcus mutans in the plaque of high-risk preschool children. METHODS: A triple blind, randomized, controlled clinical trial included 40 healthy three- to five-year-olds with at least one white spot lesion. They were randomized into test (daily applications of GC Tooth Mousse:CPP-ACP) and control groups (placebo mousse)...
2016: Pediatric Dentistry
Helena E Fadl, David Simmons
OBJECTIVE: Diabetes in pregnancy has been shown to increase in parallel with the increasing prevalence of obesity. In this national population-based study, we analyzed the trends for gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), type 1 diabetes in pregnancy, and type 2 diabetes in pregnancy in Sweden between 1998 and 2012. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: A population-based cohort study using the Swedish national medical birth registry data. The time periods were categorized into 3-year intervals and adjusted for maternal body mass index (BMI), ethnicity, and age in a logistic regression...
2016: BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care
A Persu, D Gordin, L Jacobs, L Thijs, M L Bots, A Miroslawska, J Spaak, J Rosa, M De Jong, E Berra, F E Fadl Elmula, G Wuerzner, A Taylor, A Olszanecka, D Czarnecka, P B Mark, M Burnier, J Renkin, S E Kjeldsen, J Widimsky, A Elvan, T Kahan, T Steigen, P J Blankestijn, I Tikkanen, J A Staessen
OBJECTIVE: Sympathetic tone is one of the main determinants of blood pressure (BP) variability. The aim of our study was to assess the changes in BP variability after renal sympathetic denervation (RDN) in resistant hypertensive patients, and, conversely, to look for the predictive value of baseline BP variability on mean BP changes after RDN. DESIGN AND METHOD: Twenty-four hour BP measurements were analyzed in 167 resistant hypertensive patients recruited at 11 expert centers within the European Network Coordinating research on Renal Denervation (ENCOReD) (mean age 56...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Amanjit S Baadh, Jason C Hoffmann, Ahmed Fadl, Dipan Danda, Vijay R Bhat, Nicholas Georgiou, Man Hon
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to describe and present outcomes of the track embolization technique with absorbable hemostat gelatin powder during percutaneous computed tomography (CT)-guided lung biopsy and/or fiducial marker placement versus the standard of care (no track embolization) in an attempt to decrease rates of pneumothorax (PTX), chest tube placement, hemorrhage and/or complications, and average cost per patient. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An institutional review board-approved, case-control, retrospective study was performed in which 125 consecutive patients who underwent track embolization were compared with 124 consecutive controls at one institution...
September 2016: Clinical Imaging
Amal Saad-Hussein, Eman M Shahy, Weam Shaheen, Mona M Taha, Heba Mahdy-Abdallah, Khadiga S Ibrahim, Salwa F Hafez, Nevein N Fadl, Karima A El-Shamy
AIM: The study aimed to investigate effects of organic dust exposure from different sources on aflatoxin B1-albumin adducts (AFB1/Alb), and role of glutathione S-transferase (GST) gene polymorphism in hepatotoxicity of (AFB1) among exposed workers. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Liver enzymes, AFB1/Alb, and GST polymorphism were estimated in 132 wheat flour dust and 87 woods sawmill workers, and 156 controls. RESULTS: Results revealed that AFB1/Alb and liver enzymes were significantly elevated in exposed workers compared to controls, and were significantly higher in sawmill workers compared to flour workers...
June 15, 2016: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
Per Anders Eskås, Sondre Heimark, Julian Eek Mariampillai, Anne Cecilie K Larstorp, Fadl Elmula Mohamed Fadl Elmula, Aud Høieggen
Lack of adherence to medication may be the explanation for unsatisfactory drug efficacy and is often misinterpreted as resistance to treatment. When encountering patients with persistent high blood pressure despite antihypertensive treatment, it is therefore important to discover whether they are actually taking their medication. This article aims to provide an updated overview of methods of revealing and monitoring medication adherence. The article is based on non-systematic literature searches in PubMed and on the senior authors' own clinical experience...
June 2016: Tidsskrift for Den Norske Lægeforening: Tidsskrift for Praktisk Medicin, Ny Række
K Hildén, U Hanson, M Persson, H Fadl
AIM: To analyse the impact of overweight and obesity on the risk of adverse maternal outcomes and fetal macrosomia in pregnancies of women treated for severe gestational diabetes. METHODS: This was a population-based cohort study including all singleton pregnancies in Sweden without pre-existing diabetes in the period 1998-2012. Only mothers with an early- pregnancy BMI of ≥ 18.5 kg/m² were included. Logistic regression analysis was used to determine odds ratios with 95% CIs for maternal outcomes and fetal growth...
August 2016: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
Sondre Heimark, Per Anders Eskås, Julian Eek Mariampillai, Anne Cecilie K Larstorp, Aud Høieggen, Fadl Elmula M Fadl Elmula
OBJECTIVE: Treatment-resistant hypertension (TRH) has regained attention with development of new methods for treatment. However, the prevalence of TRH varies considerably from primary to secondary and tertiary care. We aimed to assess the prevalence of true TRH in a population of patients with apparent TRH in a university hospital setting of tertiary work-up and also investigate reasons for poor BP control and evaluate how work-up can be performed in general practice and secondary care...
October 2016: Blood Pressure
Rahul Raghavapuram, Fadl H Veerankutty, M Anandakumar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2016: Indian Journal of Surgical Oncology
Gowtham Kishore, Fadl H Veerankutty, Nitin Ramesh, Terence Basil Culas
Median pancreatectomy (MP) has gained popularity in the past decade as treatment of choice for benign and low-malignant potential tumor in the mid-pancreas due to its ability to achieve optimal preservation of pancreatic parenchyma. MP is a safe and effective alternative to major pancreatic resection in selected patients with benign or low-malignant lesions of the pancreas. This paper reports a case of successful MP done for a lesion at the junction of neck and body of pancreas in a rural medical college in India...
March 2016: Indian Journal of Surgical Oncology
Jason C Hoffmann, Sameer Mittal, Caroline H Hoffmann, Ahmed Fadl, Amanjit Baadh, Douglas S Katz, Jonathan Flug
OBJECTIVE: We detail the association of sedentary behavior with a variety of health problems and provide the radiologist with a number of simple activities and techniques that can improve overall health while still meeting the productivity demands of a high-volume practice. Although these techniques are well known and recognized in the fitness and nutrition literature, they are not widely used in the radiology reading room. The computer- and workstation-based work routinely performed by diagnostic radiologists typically occurs in the seated position, leading to more than 8 hours per day of sitting...
June 2016: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
Toby P Call, M Kalim Akhtar, Frank Baganz, Chris Grant
BACKGROUND: In recent years, there have been intensive efforts to develop synthetic microbial platforms for the production, biosensing and bio-remediation of fossil fuel constituents such as alkanes. Building predictable engineered systems for these applications will require the ability to tightly control and modulate the rate of import of alkanes into the host cell. The native components responsible for the import of alkanes within these systems have yet to be elucidated. To shed further insights on this, we used the AlkBGT alkane monooxygenase complex from Pseudomonas putida GPo1 as a reporter system for assessing alkane import in Escherichia coli...
2016: Journal of Biological Engineering
Alexis M Bennett, Daniel C Shippy, Nicholas Eakley, Ogi Okwumabua, Amin A Fadl
Salmonella is a threat to public health due to consumption of contaminated food. Screening of a transposon library identified a unique mutant that was growth and host cell binding deficient. The objective of this study was to determine the functional role of glucosamine-6-phosphate synthase (GlmS) in the biology and pathogenesis of Salmonella. To examine this, we created a glmS mutant (ΔglmS) of Salmonella and examined the effect on cell envelope integrity, growth, metabolism, and pathogenesis. Our data indicated ΔglmS was defective in growth unless media were supplemented with D-glucosamine (D-GlcN)...
August 2016: Archives of Microbiology
Fadl H Veerankutty, T U Shabeer Ali, Krishnan Sarojam Manoj, B Venugopal
Reconstruction of hepatic veins in living donor liver transplantation (LDLT) is often technically challenging and a good venous outflow is essential for survival of the graft and patient. We describe a quadrangular patch venoplasty technique used for the reconstruction of a rare variant of the left hepatic vein (LHV) in a pediatric LDLT with left lateral segment (LLS) graft. Segment II vein in the graft was draining directly into the inferior vena cava (IVC) and segment III vein was draining into the middle hepatic vein (MHV) after receiving a tributary from segment IV so that there were two widely separated ostia at the cut surface...
January 2016: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons
Omnia S Fadl, Mohamed F Abu-Elyazeed, Mohamed B Abdelhalim, Hassanein H Amer, Ahmed H Madian
Dynamic power estimation is essential in designing VLSI circuits where many parameters are involved but the only circuit parameter that is related to the circuit operation is the nodes' toggle rate. This paper discusses a deterministic and fast method to estimate the dynamic power consumption for CMOS combinational logic circuits using gate-level descriptions based on the Logic Pictures concept to obtain the circuit nodes' toggle rate. The delay model for the logic gates is the real-delay model. To validate the results, the method is applied to several circuits and compared against exhaustive, as well as Monte Carlo, simulations...
January 2016: Journal of Advanced Research
Eman Fadl Ahmed, Hossam Mokhtar Hassan, Mostafa Ezzat Rateb, Noha Abdel-Wahab, Somayah Sameer, Hanan Anwar Aly Taie, Mohammed Sayed Abdel-Hameed, Ola Hammouda
Two marine endophytic bacteria were isolated from the Red Sea algae; a red alga; Acanthophora dendroides and the brown alga Sargassum sabrepandum. The isolates were identified based on their 16SrRNA sequences as Bacterium SRCnm and Bacillus sp. JS. The objective of this study was to investigate the potential anti-microbial and antioxidant activities of the extracts of the isolated bacteria grown in different nutrient conditions. Compared to amoxicillin (25μg/disk) and erythromycin (15μg/disk), the extracts of Bacterium SRCn min media II, III, IV and V were potent inhibitors of the gram-positive bacterium Sarcina maxima even at low concentrations...
January 2016: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
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