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Decellularization cartilage

Ryan M Degen, Danielle Tetreault, Greg T Mahony, Riley J Williams
Articular cartilage injuries, and corresponding surgical procedures, are occurring with increasing frequency as identified by a review of recent surgical trends. Concerns have grown in recent years regarding the longevity of results following microfracture, with a shift toward cartilage restoration procedures in recent years. This case report describes 2 cases of acute failure following the use of commercially available osteochondral allograft plugs used for the treatment of osteochondral defects of the distal femur...
October 2016: Cartilage
Tyler Novak, Kateri Fites, Xin Xu, Logan Worke, Aaron Ciesielski, Gert Breur, Corey P Neu
Interest in decellularized tissues has steadily gained as potential solutions for degenerative diseases and traumatic events, replacing sites of missing tissue and providing the relevant biochemistry and microstructure for tissue ingrowth and regeneration. Osteoarthritis, a progressive and debilitating disease, is often initiated with the formation of a focal defect in the otherwise smooth surface of articular cartilage. The use of decellularized cartilage tissue, which maintains the structural complexity of the native extracellular matrix, has the potential to provide a clinically relevant solution to focal defects or large tissue damage, possibly even circumventing or complementing current techniques such as microfracture and mosaicplasty...
September 27, 2016: Tissue Engineering. Part A
Tahera Ansari, Peggy Lange, Aaron Southgate, Karin Greco, Carla Carvalho, Leanne Partington, Anthony Bullock, Sheila MacNeil, Mark W Lowdell, Paul D Sibbons, Martin A Birchall
: : Patients with laryngeal disorders may have severe morbidity relating to swallowing, vocalization, and respiratory function, for which conventional therapies are suboptimal. A tissue-engineered approach would aim to restore the vocal folds and maintain respiratory function while limiting the extent of scarring in the regenerated tissue. Under Good Laboratory Practice conditions, we decellularized porcine larynges, using detergents and enzymes under negative pressure to produce an acellular scaffold comprising cartilage, muscle, and mucosa...
September 9, 2016: Stem Cells Translational Medicine
R A Vindas Bolaños, S M Cokelaere, J M Estrada McDermott, K E M Benders, U Gbureck, S G M Plomp, H Weinans, J Groll, P R van Weeren, J Malda
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of decellularized cartilage-derived matrix (CDM) scaffolds, by itself and as a composite scaffold with a calcium phosphate (CaP) base, for the repair of osteochondral defects. It was hypothesized that the chondral defects would heal with fibrocartilaginous tissue and that the composite scaffold would result in better bone formation. METHODS: After an 8-week pilot experiment in a single horse, scaffolds were implanted in eight healthy horses in osteochondral defects on the medial trochlear ridge of the femur...
August 20, 2016: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
Tyler Pizzute, Ying Zhang, Fan He, Ming Pei
Developing an in vitro microenvironment using cell-derived decellularized extracellular matrix (dECM) is a promising approach to efficiently expand adult stem cells for cartilage engineering and regeneration. Ascorbic acid serves as a critical stimulus for cells to synthesize collagens, which constitute the major component of dECM. In this study, we hypothesized that optimization of ascorbate treatment would maximize the rejuvenation effect of dECM on expanded stem cells from human infrapatellar fat pad in both proliferation and chondrogenic differentiation...
2016: Biomedical Materials
Qi Guo, Chun-bao Li, Xue-zhen Shen, Feng Qu, Xi Lu, Yu-jie Liu
The ideal treatment and recovery of osteoarticular injury remain to be resolved. Small intestinal submucosa (SIS), a naturally-occurring decellularized extracellular matrix, has been recognized as an ideal scaffold for tissue engineering and widely used in repairing various tissues and organs. Nowadays its application has also been gradually increased in the field of orthopedics. We reviewed laboratorial studies and clinical trails about the application of SIS in bone and joint repair, aiming to evaluate its effects on the repair of bone, cartilage, meniscus, ligament and tendon...
May 2016: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
Catherine A Bautista, Hee Jun Park, Courtney M Mazur, Roy K Aaron, Bahar Bilgen
Articular cartilage has a limited capacity to heal itself and thus focal defects often result in the development of osteoarthritis. Current cartilage tissue engineering strategies seek to regenerate injured tissue by creating scaffolds that aim to mimic the unique structure and composition of native articular cartilage. Decellularization is a novel strategy that aims to preserve the bioactive factors and 3D biophysical environment of the native extracellular matrix while removing potentially immunogenic factors...
2016: PloS One
Vineet Gupta, Kevin M Tenny, Marilyn Barragan, Cory J Berkland, Michael S Detamore
Extracellular matrix materials such as decellularized cartilage (DCC) and chondroitin sulfate (CS) may be attractive chondrogenic materials for cartilage regeneration. The goal of the current study was to investigate the effects of encapsulation of DCC and CS in homogeneous microsphere-based scaffolds, and to test the hypothesis that encapsulation of these extracellular matrix materials would induce chondrogenesis of rat bone marrow stromal cells. Four different types of homogeneous scaffolds were fabricated from microspheres of poly(D,L-lactic-co-glycolic acid): Blank (poly(D,L-lactic-co-glycolic acid) only; negative control), transforming growth factor-β3 encapsulated (positive control), DCC encapsulated, and CS encapsulated...
September 2016: Journal of Biomaterials Applications
Andreas Voss, Mary Beth McCarthy, Alexander Hoberman, Mark P Cote, Andreas B Imhoff, Augustus D Mazzocca, Knut Beitzel
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to quantitatively assess the ability of bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (bMSC) to differentiate toward bone, fat, cartilage, and tendon lineages when grown on commercially available scaffolds compared with control and native tendon tissue. METHODS: BMSCs were cultured and analyzed by fluorescent automated cells sorting for surface markers CD73, -90, and -105. BMSCs were grown on rotator cuff tendon (RCT), decellularized human dermis patch (DDP), bilayer collagen matrix, and fibrin matrix (FM) to test their differentiation potential using quantitative polymerase chain reaction and establish markers for osteogenic, adipogenic, chondrogenic, and tenogenic lineages...
June 25, 2016: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
M Elise Graham, Paul F Gratzer, Michael Bezuhly, Paul Hong
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Reconstruction of cartilage defects in the head and neck can require harvesting of autologous cartilage grafts, which can be associated with donor site morbidity. To overcome this limitation, tissue-engineering approaches may be used to generate cartilage grafts. The objective of this study was to decellularize and characterize human nasoseptal cartilage with the aim of generating a biological scaffold for cartilage tissue engineering. STUDY DESIGN: Laboratory study using nasoseptal cartilage...
October 2016: Laryngoscope
Jack Farr, Guilherme C Gracitelli, Nehal Shah, Eric Y Chang, Andreas H Gomoll
BACKGROUND: Widespread adoption of fresh allograft transplantation remains limited, predominantly by supply issues. To overcome these limitations, a preshaped, cylindrical sterilized and decellularized osteochondral allograft (SDOCA) implant was recently introduced as a clinical treatment option. PURPOSE: To evaluate functional outcomes and graft survivorship among patients treated with the SDOCA implant for knee cartilage injuries. STUDY DESIGN: Case series; Level of evidence, 4...
August 2016: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Emily C Beck, Marilyn Barragan, Madeleine H Tadros, Stevin H Gehrke, Michael S Detamore
UNLABELLED: ECM-based materials are appealing for tissue engineering strategies because they may promote stem cell recruitment, cell infiltration, and cell differentiation without the need to supplement with additional biological factors. Cartilage ECM has recently shown potential to be chondroinductive, particularly in a hydrogel-based system, which may be revolutionary in orthopedic medicine. However, hydrogels composed of natural materials are often mechanically inferior to synthetic materials, which is a major limitation for load-bearing tissue applications...
July 1, 2016: Acta Biomaterialia
Christopher Johnson, Priyanka Sheshadri, Jessica M Ketchum, Lokesh K Narayanan, Paul M Weinberger, Rohan A Shirwaiker
Infection or damage to the trachea, a thin walled and cartilage reinforced conduit that connects the pharynx and larynx to the lungs, leads to serious respiratory medical conditions which can often prove fatal. Current clinical strategies for complex tracheal reconstruction are of limited availability and efficacy, but tissue engineering and regenerative medicine approaches may provide viable alternatives. In this study, we have developed a new "hybrid graft" approach that utilizes decellularized tracheal tissue along with a resorbable polymer scaffold, and holds promise for potential clinical applications...
June 2016: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
Zhibing Wang, Yuan Zhang, Yong Hao, Xingwang Cheng, Yumei Zhang, Yue Zhou, Xia Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate a method that constructing a tissue-engineered tendon with a continuous and heterogeneous transition region. METHODS: Fibroblasts derived from rabbit epithelial tissue were cultured in vitro and collagen gel was prepared. The experimental groups were scaffold only group, fibroblasts+ chondrocytes group (Fb+ CC group), fibroblasts+ osteoblasts group (Fb+ OB group), fibroblasts+ chondrocytes+ osteoblasts group (Fb+ CC+ OB group). Heterogeneous cell populations(fibroblasts, chondrocytes and osteoblasts) with collagen gel were seeded within three predesigned specific regions (fibrogenesis, chondrogenesis, and osteogenesis) of decellularized rabbit achilles tendons to fabricate a stratified scaffold containing three biofunctional regions supporting fibrogenesis, chondrogenesis, and osteogenesis...
April 1, 2016: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
Daniel W Youngstrom, Jade E LaDow, Jennifer G Barrett
Tendons are frequently damaged and fail to regenerate, leading to pain, loss of function, and reduced quality of life. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) possess clinically useful tissue-regenerative properties and have been exploited for use in tendon tissue engineering and cell therapy. However, MSCs exhibit phenotypic heterogeneity based on the donor tissue used, and the efficacy of cell-based treatment modalities may be improved by optimizing cell source based on relative differentiation capacity. Equine MSCs were isolated from bone marrow (BM), adipose (AD), and tendon (TN), expanded in monolayer prior to seeding on decellularized tendon scaffolds (DTS), and cell-laden constructs were placed in a bioreactor designed to mimic the biophysical environment of the tendon...
March 30, 2016: Connective Tissue Research
David Schwarz, David Pazen, Kamill Gosz, Silke Schwarz, Maike Nünning, Antoniu-Oreste Gostian, Ludwig Koerber, Roman Breiter, Nicole Rotter, Dirk Beutner
HYPOTHESIS: The acoustic properties of scaffolds made from decellularized extracellular cartilage matrices of porcine origin are comparable to those of the human tympanic membrane. BACKGROUND: Currently, the reconstruction of tympanic membrane in the context of chronic tympanic membrane defects is mostly performed using autologous fascia or cartilage. Autologous tissue may be associated with lack of graft material in revision patients and requires more invasive and longer operative time...
July 2016: Otology & Neurotology
Makiko Nogami, Tomoatsu Kimura, Shoji Seki, Yoshito Matsui, Toshiko Yoshida, Chika Koike-Soko, Motonori Okabe, Hiraku Motomura, Ryuichi Gejo, Toshio Nikaido
OBJECTIVE: Extracellular matrix (ECM) derived from human amniotic mesenchymal cells (HAMs) has various biological activities. In this study, we developed a novel HAM-derived ECM-coated polylactic-co-glycolic acid (ECM-PLGA) scaffold, examined its property on mesenchymal cells, and investigated its potential as a cell-free scaffold for cartilage repair. MATERIALS AND METHODS: ECM-PLGA scaffolds were developed by inoculating HAM on a PLGA. After decellularization by irradiation, accumulated ECM was examined...
April 2016: Tissue Engineering. Part A
Emily C Beck, Marilyn Barragan, Tony B Libeer, Sarah L Kieweg, Gabriel L Converse, Richard A Hopkins, Cory J Berkland, Michael S Detamore
Hydrogel precursors are liquid solutions that are prone to leaking after surgical placement. This problem was overcome by incorporating either decellularized cartilage (DCC) or devitalized cartilage (DVC) microparticles into traditional photocrosslinkable hydrogel precursors in an effort to achieve a paste-like hydrogel precursor. DCC and DVC were selected specifically for their potential to induce chondrogenesis of stem cells, given that materials that are chondroinductive on their own without growth factors are a revolutionary goal in orthopedic medicine...
April 2016: Tissue Engineering. Part A
Christopher R Rowland, Lina A Colucci, Farshid Guilak
The native extracellular matrix of cartilage contains entrapped growth factors as well as tissue-specific epitopes for cell-matrix interactions, which make it a potentially attractive biomaterial for cartilage tissue engineering. A limitation to this approach is that the native cartilage extracellular matrix possesses a pore size of only a few nanometers, which inhibits cellular infiltration. Efforts to increase the pore size of cartilage-derived matrix (CDM) scaffolds dramatically attenuate their mechanical properties, which makes them susceptible to cell-mediated contraction...
June 2016: Biomaterials
H Bai, L L Wang, Y F Huang, J X Huang
OBJECTIVE: To complete a preliminary evaluation of the feasibility of implanting the complex of mouse bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSC) and a tissue engineering scaffold into rabbit corneal lamellae, based on which a solution may be proposed to consolidate the keratoprosthesis and the recipient surface, and to reduce the risk of complications. METHODS: This experimental study was composed of two parts. (1) In vitro: some mouse BMSC were marked with red fluorescent proteins (RFP) and integrated with a decellularized pig articular cartilage extracellular matrix (ECM) scaffold...
March 2016: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
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