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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232680/is-outpatient-control-of-long-term-non-invasive-ventilation-feasible-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-patients
#1
Sarah Bettina Schwarz, Jens Callegari, Christine Hamm, Wolfram Windisch, Friederike Sophie Magnet
BACKGROUND: Long-term non-invasive ventilation (NIV) is an established and increasingly used treatment option for patients with chronic hypercapnic chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Following inpatient NIV establishment, inpatient control visits regularly occur thereafter. However, it remains unclear whether such control visits can also be performed in an outpatient setting, which, in turn, would reduce costs, patient burden and the complications related to hospitalization...
December 12, 2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232664/vaccination-practices-in-pediatric-dialysis-patients-across-europe-a-european-pediatric-dialysis-working-group-and-european-society-for-pediatric-nephrology-dialysis-working-group-study
#2
Sevcan A Bakkaloğlu, Yesim Özdemir Atikel, Fabio Paglialonga, Constantinos J Stefanidis, Varvara Askiti, Enrico Vidal, Gema Ariceta, Engin Melek, Enrico Verrina, Nikoleta Printza, Karel Vondrak, Aleksandra Zurowska, Ilona Zagozdzon, Mesiha Ekim, Elif Nursel Özmert, Stephanie Dufek, Augustina Jankauskiene, Claus Peter Schmitt, Eszter Lévai, Johan Vande Walle, Nur Canpolat, Tuula Holtta, Michel Fischbach, Guenter Klaus, Christoph Aufricht, Rukshana Shroff, Alberto Edefonti
BACKGROUND: Data on the immunization practices in pediatric chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients are scarce. The purpose of this study was to evaluate current vaccination practices for children on dialysis across European pediatric nephrology centers. METHODS: A total of 18 tertiary pediatric nephrology centers from 12 European countries were included in the study. The data on universal national immunization programs and immunization practices for children with chronic disease or risk were recorded from European Center for Disease Prevention and Control and the World Health Organization...
December 12, 2017: Nephron
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232412/the-opposite-effects-of-nandrolone-decanoate-and-exercise-on-anxiety-levels-in-rats-may-involve-alterations-in-hippocampal-parvalbumin-positive-interneurons
#3
Dragica Selakovic, Jovana Joksimovic, Ivan Zaletel, Nela Puskas, Milovan Matovic, Gvozden Rosic
The aim of this study was to evaluate the behavioral effects of chronic (six weeks) nandrolone decanoate (ND, 20 mg/kg, s.c., weekly in single dose) administration (in order to mimic heavy human abuse), and exercise (swimming protocol of 60 minutes a day, five days in a row/two days break), applied alone and simultaneously with ND, in male rats (n = 40). Also, we evaluated the effects of those protocols on hippocampal parvalbumin (PV) content and the possible connection between the alterations in certain parts of hippocampal GABAergic system and behavioral patterns...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232192/vitamin-e-improved-redox-homeostasis-in-heart-and-aorta-of-hypothyroid-rats
#4
M Hedayati, S Niazmand, M Hosseini, Y Baghcheghi, F Beheshti, S Niazmand
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of vitamin E on the oxidative stress parameters and antioxidant defense enzymes in the heart and aorta of 6-n-propylthiouracil (PTU)-induced hypothyroid rats. METHODS: The animals were divided into 4 experimental groups: Group 1 (Euthyroid) received tap water, Group 2 (Hypothyroid) received 0.05 % of PTU in dissolved in their drinking water, Group 3 (PTU+Vit E) hypothyroid rats treated with vitamin E, and Group 4 (Euthyroid+Vit E)...
October 26, 2017: Endocrine Regulations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232004/three-types-of-pres1-start-codon-deletion-variants-in-the-natural-course-of-chronic-hepatitis-b-infection
#5
Won Hyeok Choe, Hong Kim, So-Young Lee, Yu-Min Choi, So Young Kwon, Hee Won Moon, Mina Hur, Bum-Joon Kim
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Naturally occurring hepatitis B virus variants carrying a deletion in the preS1 start codon region may evolve during long-lasting virus-host interactions in chronic hepatitis B (CHB). The aim of this study was to determine the immune phase-specific prevalent patterns of preS1 start codon deletion variants and related factors during the natural course of CHB. METHODS: A total of 399 CHB patients were enrolled. Genotypic analysis of three different preS1 start codon deletion variants (classified by deletion size: 15-bp, 18-bp, and 21-bp deletion variants) was performed...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231763/non-invasive-vagus-nerve-stimulation-for-the-acute-treatment-of-episodic-and-chronic-cluster-headache-a-randomized-double-blind-sham-controlled-act2-study
#6
Peter J Goadsby, Ilse F de Coo, Nicholas Silver, Alok Tyagi, Fayyaz Ahmed, Charly Gaul, Rigmor H Jensen, Hans-Christoph Diener, Kasia Solbach, Andreas Straube, Eric Liebler, Juana Ca Marin, Michel D Ferrari
Background Clinical observations and results from recent studies support the use of non-invasive vagus nerve stimulation (nVNS) for treating cluster headache (CH) attacks. This study compared nVNS with a sham device for acute treatment in patients with episodic or chronic CH (eCH, cCH). Methods After completing a 1-week run-in period, subjects were randomly assigned (1:1) to receive nVNS or sham therapy during a 2-week double-blind period. The primary efficacy endpoint was the proportion of all treated attacks that achieved pain-free status within 15 minutes after treatment initiation, without rescue treatment...
January 1, 2017: Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231750/concordance-with-prescribing-information-dosage-recommendations-for-dipeptidyl-peptidase-4-inhibitors-among-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-patients-with-moderate-to-severe-chronic-kidney-disease
#7
Huan Huang, Sharash Shetty, Elise Bauer, Kathleen Lang
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the proportion of patients with moderate to severe chronic kidney disease (CKD) whose initial DPP4-i dosage was concordant with prescribing information (label) recommendations in the United States. METHODS: Adult patients with T2DM who initiated a DPP4-i (linagliptin, sitagliptin, saxagliptin) between Jan 1, 2011 and Jun 30, 2014 were identified using electronic medical records and administrative claims, with index date being the date of first observed DPP4-i treatment...
December 12, 2017: Current Medical Research and Opinion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231745/persistence-of-social-jetlag-and-sleep-disruption-in-healthy-young-adults
#8
Daria M McMahon, James B Burch, Michael D Wirth, Shawn D Youngstedt, James W Hardin, Thomas G Hurley, Steven N Blair, Gregory A Hand, Robin P Shook, Clemens Drenowatz, Stephanie Burgess, James R Hebert
Sleep disruption has been associated with increased risks for several major chronic diseases that develop over decades. Differences in sleep/wake timing between work and free days can result in the development of social jetlag (SJL), a chronic misalignment between a person's preferred sleep/wake schedule and sleep/wake timing imposed by his/her work schedule. Only a few studies have examined the persistence of SJL or sleep disruption over time. This prospective investigation examined SJL and sleep characteristics over a 2-year period to evaluate whether SJL or poor sleep were chronic conditions during the study period...
December 12, 2017: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231586/-effects-of-acupuncture-on-peripheral-skeletal-muscle-exercise-ability-in-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-at-stable-phase
#9
Yan Ge, Hong Yao, Juan Tong, Ying He, Guiyuan Li, Xiang'ao Kong
OBJECTIVE: To explore the effects of acupuncture on improving the peripheral skeletal muscle exercise ability in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) at stable phase. METHODS: Forty-four patients were randomly divided into an observation group (24 cases) and a control group (20 cases). Based on regular western medication treatment and aerobic training, acupuncture was used in the observation group and placebo acupuncture was used in the control group...
April 12, 2017: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231507/-effect-of-acupuncture-treatment-on-gene-expression-of-neurotransmitters-of-brain-tissue-in-rats-with-post-stroke-depression
#10
Wei Xiao, Xianbao Zhang, Zhen Wang, Yan Wang, Xiaoli Guo, Ling He, Fajun Liang, Huixing Hu
OBJECTIVE: To observe the effects of acupuncture on mRNA of the neurotransmitter serotonin transporter (5-HTT), 5-HT1Areceptor (5-HT1AR), norepinephrineα2 receptor (NEα2R) in brain tissue in rats with post-stroke depression. METHODS: Forty male SD rats were randomly divided into a normal group, a model group, a medication group and an acupuncture group, 10 rats in each one. The model of post-stroke depression was established by occlusion of middle cerebral artery and chronic unpredictable mild stress method...
June 12, 2017: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231502/-clinical-observation-of-chronic-perianal-eczema-treated-with-auricular-point-sticking-therapy-and-western-medication
#11
Yong Wen, Jun Li, Qing Long, Chuan Wan, Xiaolin Lan, Ye Chen
OBJECTIVE: To observe the differences in the therapeutic effects on chronic perianal eczema between auricular point sticking therapy and auricular sticking pseudo-press therapy on the basis of the treatment with western medication. METHODS: Ninety patients were randomized into an auricular therapy group and an auricular pseudo-press therapy group (pseudo group), 45 cases in each one. The western medication was used in both of the groups. In the auricular therapy group, the auricular sticking method with semen vaccariae was added at Fengxi (SF1,zi), Shenshangxian (TG2p), Duipingjian (AT1,2,4i), Fei (CO14), Pi (CO13), Gangmen (HX5)...
June 12, 2017: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231474/-warm-acupuncture-for-chronic-atrophic-gastritis-with-spleen-stomach-deficiency-cold
#12
Lijun Wang, Guangqi Li
OBJECTIVE: To observe the clinical effect of warm acupuncture at Zhongwan(CV 12) for chronic atrophic gastritis(CAG) with spleen-stomach deficiency cold by the comparison with conventional acupuncture. METHODS: Sixty-two patients were randomly assigned into a warm acupuncture group and a conventional acupuncture group,31 cases in each one. The acupoints in the two groups were Zhongwan(CV 12),Zusanli(ST 36),Neiguan(PC 6),Gongsun(SP 4),Qihai(CV 6),Pishu(BL 20) and Weishu(BL 21)...
February 12, 2017: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231344/-the-effect-of-drug-oil-moxibustion-for-contents-of-zinc-and-c-reactive-protein-in-succus-prostaticus-of-chronic-nonbacterial-prostatitis
#13
Wenjun Ma, Qinglin Hu, Lei Diao, Youjin Cai, Jun Feng
OBJECTIVE: To observe the clinical effects differences and partial mechanism for chronic nonbacterial prostatitis (CNP) among drug oil moxibustion, simple moxibustion, and conventional western medicine. METHODS: A total of 120 patients who met the criteria of inclusion were randomly assigned into a drug oil moxibustion group, a moxibustion group and a western medication group, 40 cases in each one. Moxibustion was used at Guanyuan (CV 4), Zhongji (CV 3), Qihai (CV 6) and bilateral Yinlingquan (SP 9), Sanyinjiao (SP 6), Shenshu (BL 23), Mingmen (GV 4), Pangguangshu (BL 28), Ciliao (BL 32), and Zhibian (BL 54), etc...
August 12, 2017: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231339/-efficacy-of-acupoint-catgut-embedding-combined-with-ginger-partitioned-moxibustion-on-chronic-fatigue-syndrome-of-spleen-kidney-yang-deficiency-syndrome-and-its-effects-on-t-lymphocyte-subsets-and-activity-of-nk-cell
#14
Depeng Xia, Peifang Chen, Peixue Du, Lijun Ding, Anli Liu
OBJECTIVE: To observe the efficacy differences between acupoint catgut embedding combined with ginger-partitioned moxibustion and regular acupuncture on chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) of spleen-kidney yang deficiency syndrome, and to explore its effects on T lymphocyte subsets and activity of NK cell. METHODS: A total of 60 patients with CFS of spleen-kidney yang deficiency syndrome were randomly divided into a catgut embedding combined with ginger-partitioned moxibustion (CECGP) group and a regular acupuncture group, 30 cases in each one...
August 12, 2017: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231073/pelargonium-sidoides-preparation-eps-7630-in-copd-health-related-quality-of-life-and-other-patient-reported-outcomes-in-adults-receiving-add-on-therapy
#15
Heinrich Matthys, Petra Funk
OBJECTIVE: Patient-reported outcomes (PRO) such as health-related quality of life (HRQL) belong to the most important criteria for the evaluation of medical therapies in clinical trials or practice-based benefit assessments. We therefore revisited results of an earlier published clinical trial investigating the effects of the herbal drug preparation from the roots of Pelargonium sidoides EPs 7630, administered as add-on therapy in patients suffering from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), with respect to HRQL and other PRO...
December 12, 2017: Current Medical Research and Opinion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229196/impact-of-allergy-on-phenotypic-and-endotypic-profiles-of-nasal-polyposis
#16
G Mortuaire, I Gengler, M Balden, M Capron, G Lefèvre
OBJECTIVES: To assess the impact of allergy on clinical presentations (phenotypes) and inflammatory patterns (endotypes) of chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (CRSwNP). METHODS: A single-center prospective study was conducted over an 18-month period. Fifty-seven patients with refractory CRSwNP were included. The diagnosis of allergy was based on concordant skin prick tests and symptoms. Phenotypes were determined on symptom severity score, polyp size classification and Lund-Mackay CT staging...
December 8, 2017: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229106/cardiovascular-benefits-from-standard-pulmonary-rehabilitation-are-related-to-baseline-exercise-tolerance-levels-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#17
Linn E Moore, Bradley W Byers, Desi P Fuhr, Eric Wong, Mohit Bhutani, Michael K Stickland
BACKGROUND: Heightened arterial stiffness is a marker of cardiovascular risk and is elevated in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Physical activity has been shown to reduce arterial stiffness, and our previous work has shown that arterial stiffness is related to physical activity and exercise tolerance in COPD. The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether baseline physical activity and exercise tolerance influence the cardiovascular benefits associated with standard COPD outpatient pulmonary rehabilitation (PR)...
November 2017: Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229101/the-prevalence-of-copd-in-england-an-ontological-approach-to-case-detection-in-primary-care
#18
L Rayner, J Sherlock, B Creagh-Brown, J Williams, S deLusignan
BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in England, however estimates of its prevalence vary considerably. Routinely collected and coded primary care data can be used to monitor disease prevalence, however reliance upon diagnostic codes alone is likely to miss cases. METHODS: We devised an ontological approach to COPD case detection and implemented it in a large primary care database to identify definite and probable cases of COPD...
November 2017: Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229100/sleep-related-respiratory-events-during-non-invasive-ventilation-of-patients-with-chronic-hypoventilation
#19
Sigurd Aarrestad, Magnus Qvarfort, Anne Louise Kleiven, Elin Tollefsen, Ole Henning Skjønsberg, Jean-Paul Janssens
BACKGROUND: Non-invasive ventilation (NIV) is increasingly used in the treatment of patients with chronic hypercapnic respiratory failure (CRF). Residual sleep related respiratory events under NIV such as obstructive or central apnea/hypopnea (AH), or patient-ventilator asynchrony (PVA), may compromise treatment efficacy and/or comfort. AIMS OF STUDY: 1/to quantify the frequency and describe the types of both AH and PVA in a large group of stable patients with CRF during night-time NIV; 2/to analyze the influence of these events on overnight pulse oximetry and transcutaneous CO2 and 3/to assess interrater agreement in identifying and quantifying AH and PVA...
November 2017: Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229092/predictors-of-smoking-cessation-a-longitudinal-study-in-a-large-cohort-of-smokers
#20
Mathias Holm, Linus Schiöler, Eva Andersson, Bertil Forsberg, Thorarinn Gislason, Christer Janson, Rain Jogi, Vivi Schlünssen, Cecilie Svanes, Kjell Torén
BACKGROUND: There are few studies on predictors of smoking cessation in general populations. We studied the smoking cessation rate in relation to several potential predictors, with special focus on respiratory and cardiovascular disease. METHODS: Smokers (n = 4636) from seven centres in Northern Europe, born between 1945 and 1973, who answered a questionnaire in 1999-2001 (the RHINE study) were followed up with a new questionnaire in 2010-2012. Altogether 2564 answered the questionnaire and provided complete data on smoking...
November 2017: Respiratory Medicine
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