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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684915/histological-analysis-of-term-placentas-from-hyperimmune-globulin-treated-and-untreated-mothers-with-primary-cytomegalovirus-infection
#1
Liliana Gabrielli, Maria Paola Bonasoni, Maria Pia Foschini, Enrico Maria Silini, Arsenio Spinillo, Maria Grazia Revello, Angela Chiereghin, Giulia Piccirilli, Evangelia Petrisli, Gabriele Turello, Giuliana Simonazzi, Dino Gibertoni, Tiziana Lazzarotto
BACKGROUND: The Congenital Human Cytomegalovirus Infection Prevention (CHIP) study, a randomized, blinded, placebo-controlled trial, demonstrated that the efficacy of hyperimmune globulin (HIG) was not different from that of placebo regarding transmission of cytomegalovirus (CMV) from mothers to newborns. Our aim was to analyze histologically HIG effects on placentas collected for the CHIP study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Virological and histological analyses were performed on 40 placentas from transmitter and nontransmitter HIG-treated and untreated mothers by assessing the number of CMV-positive cells, tissue viral load, tissue damage, and compensatory mechanisms...
April 23, 2018: Fetal Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684668/endoscopic-versus-surgical-drainage-treatment-of-calcific-chronic-pancreatitis
#2
Li Jiang, Deng Ning, Qi Cheng, Xiao-Ping Chen
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic therapy and surgery are both conventional treatments to remove pancreatic duct stones that developed during the natural course of chronic pancreatitis. However, few studies comparing the effect and safety between surgery drainage and endoscopic drainage (plus Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy, ESWL).The aim of this study was to compare the benefits between endoscopic and surgical drainage of the pancreatic duct for patients with calcified chronic pancreatitis...
April 20, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684565/thiotepa-based-intensified-reduced-intensity-conditioning-adult-double-unit-cord-blood-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation-results-in-decreased-relapse-rate-and-improved-survival-compared-to-transplantation-following-standard-reduced-intensity-conditioning
#3
Prashant Sharma, Daniel A Pollyea, Clayton A Smith, Enkhtsetseg Purev, Manali Kamdar, Bradley Haverkos, Daniel Sherbenou, Rachel Rabinovitch, Andrew Hammes, Jonathan A Gutman
The "Minnesota" reduced intensity conditioning (RIC) cord-blood transplantation (CBT) regimen (standard-RIC) of fludarabine (Flu, 200mg/m2 ), cyclophosphamide (Cy, 50mg/kg), and 200cGy or 300cGy total body irradiation (TBI) is the most published RIC CBT regimen. Though well tolerated, high relapse rates remain a concern with this regimen. Intensification of conditioning may reduce relapse without increasing transplant related mortality (TRM). We performed a retrospective cohort comparison of outcomes in adult patients who underwent first double-unit CBT with standard-RIC as compared to the intensified regimen of fludarabine 150mg/m2 , cyclophosphamide 50mg/kg, thiotepa 10mg/kg and 400cGy TBI (intensified-RIC)...
April 20, 2018: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684213/low-thyroid-function-is-not-associated-with-an-accelerated-deterioration-in-renal-function
#4
Christiaan L Meuwese, Merel van Diepen, Anne R Cappola, Mark J Sarnak, Michael G Shlipak, Douglas C Bauer, Linda P Fried, Massimo Iacoviello, Bert Vaes, Jean Degryse, Kay-Tee Khaw, Robert N Luben, Bjørn O Åsvold, Trine Bjøro, Lars J Vatten, Anton J M de Craen, Stella Trompet, Giorgio Iervasi, Sabrina Molinaro, Graziano Ceresini, Luigi Ferrucci, Robin P F Dullaart, Stephan J L Bakker, J Wouter Jukema, Patricia M Kearney, David J Stott, Robin P Peeters, Oscar H Franco, Henry Völzke, John P Walsh, Alexandra Bremner, José A Sgarbi, Rui M B Maciel, Misa Imaizumi, Waka Ohishi, Friedo W Dekker, Nicolas Rodondi, Jacobijn Gussekloo, Wendy P J den Elzen
Background: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is frequently accompanied by thyroid hormone dysfunction. It is currently unclear whether these alterations are the cause or consequence of CKD. This study aimed at studying the effect of thyroid hormone alterations on renal function in cross-sectional and longitudinal analyses in individuals from all adult age groups. Methods: Individual participant data (IPD) from 16 independent cohorts having measured thyroid stimulating hormone, free thyroxine levels and creatinine levels were included...
April 18, 2018: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684136/effects-of-a-group-mediated-exercise-and-dietary-intervention-in-the-treatment-of-prostate-cancer-patients-undergoing-androgen-deprivation-therapy-results-from-the-idea-p-trial
#5
Brian C Focht, Alexander R Lucas, Elizabeth Grainger, Christina Simpson, Ciaran M Fairman, Jennifer M Thomas-Ahner, Jackie Buell, J Paul Monk, Amir Mortazavi, Steven K Clinton
Background: Although androgen-deprivation therapy (ADT) is the foundation of treatment for prostate cancer, the physiological impacts of ADT result in functional decline and enhanced risk of chronic disease and metabolic syndrome. Purpose: The Individualized Diet and Exercise Adherence Pilot Trial (IDEA-P) is a single-blind, randomized, pilot trial comparing the effects of a group-mediated, cognitive-behavioral (GMCB) exercise and dietary intervention (EX+D) with those of a standard-of-care (SC) control during the treatment of prostate cancer patients undergoing ADT...
April 19, 2018: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684014/testing-the-validity-and-reliability-of-the-arabic-version-of-the-paindetect-questionnaire-in-the-assessment-of-neuropathic-pain
#6
Amani Abu-Shaheen, Shehu Yousef, Muhammad Riaz, Abdullah Nofal, Isamme AlFayyad, Sarfaraz Khan, Humariya Heena
INTRODUCTION: Neuropathic pain (NP) can cause substantial suffering and, therefore, it must be diagnosed and treated promptly. Diagnosis of NP can be difficult and if made by an expert pain physician is considered the gold standard, however where expert help may not be easily available, screening tools for NP can be used. The painDETECT questionnaire (PD-Q) is a simple screening tool and has been widely used in several languages. We developed an Arabic version of PD-Q and tested its validity and reliability...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683496/radiographic-alveolar-bone-morphology-and-progressive-periodontitis
#7
Thomas E Rams, Max A Listgarten, Jørgen Slots
BACKGROUND: This study evaluated the relationship between radiographic crestal alveolar bone morphology and progressive periodontitis. METHODS: A total of 1,356 posterior interproximal sites in 56 adults treated for chronic periodontitis and receiving systematic 3-month maintenance care were scored for angular or horizontal marginal bone morphology, as well as for alveolar crestal lamina dura, on radiographs obtained at baseline of a 30-month post-treatment period...
April 2018: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683363/cardiovascular-autonomic-response-to-orthostatic-stress-under-hypoxia-in-patients-with-spinal-cord-injury
#8
Shu-Chun Huang, Kuo-Cheng Liu, Alice M K Wong, Shih-Chieh Chang, Jong-Shyan Wang
Huang, Shu-Chun, Kuo-Cheng Liu, Alice M.K. Wong, Shih-Chieh Chang, and Jong-Shyan Wang. Cardiovascular autonomic response to orthostatic stress under hypoxia in patients with spinal cord injury. High Alt Med Biol. 00:000-000, 2018. AIMS: Determining whether systemic hypoxia aggravates the severity of autonomic cardiovascular dysfunction in orthostatic stress among patients with spinal cord injuries (SCIs). METHODS: Twenty-four male patients with chronic SCI whose neurological levels were above T6 were recruited...
April 23, 2018: High Altitude Medicine & Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683286/safety-profile-of-chronic-leg-ulcer-biopsy-a-monocentric-retrospective-series-on-866-patients
#9
Carlotta Baraldi, Lidia Sacchelli, Emi Dika, Martina Lambertini, Cosimo Misciali, Tommaso Bianchi, Pier A Fanti
BACKGROUND: Skin biopsy is an important tool for various skin conditions. However, in the case of leg ulcers, some Authors still consider it highly risky and mandatory only in selected cases. METHODS: To evaluate the rate of adverse events after leg ulcers biopsy in 866 consecutive patients referring to our Wound Care Unit in Bologna from January 2008 to December 2016. Two biopsies were performed (from the border and the centre) by the same dermatologist following a standardized structured protocol...
April 19, 2018: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia: Organo Ufficiale, Società Italiana di Dermatologia e Sifilografia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682983/long-term-clinical-outcomes-of-aspirin-desensitization-with-continuous-daily-aspirin-therapy-in-aspirin-exacerbated-respiratory-disease
#10
Kristen M Walters, Jeremy D Waldram, Katharine M Woessner, Andrew A White
Background Aspirin-exacerbated respiratory disease (AERD), also known as Samter's triad or aspirin (ASA)-intolerant asthma, affects 7% of asthmatics and has a higher prevalence in those with chronic rhinosinusitis and concomitant nasal polyposis. ASA desensitization with daily ASA therapy is a uniquely beneficial treatment for this disease entity and has been shown to have a significant impact on symptom scores, polyp disease, and need for systemic corticosteroids. However, no long-term studies have demonstrated whether or not ASA therapy remains safe and beneficial for these patients beyond 5-10 years...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682897/an-aseptically-processed-acellular-reticular-allogenic-human-dermis-improves-healing-in-diabetic-foot-ulcers-a-prospective-randomised-controlled-multicentre-follow-up-trial
#11
Charles M Zelen, Dennis P Orgill, Thomas E Serena, Robert E Galiano, Marissa J Carter, Lawrence A DiDomenico, Jennifer Keller, Jarrod P Kaufman, William W Li
Aseptically processed human reticular acellular dermal matrix (HR-ADM) has been previously shown to improve wound closure in 40 diabetic patients with non-healing foot ulcers. The study was extended to 40 additional patients (80 in total) to validate and extend the original findings. The entire cohort of 80 patients underwent appropriate offloading and standard of care (SOC) during a 2-week screening period and, after meeting eligibility criteria, were randomised to receive weekly applications of HR-ADM plus SOC or SOC alone for up to 12 weeks...
April 22, 2018: International Wound Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682843/chronic-condition-self-management-support-for-aboriginal-people-adapting-tools-and-training
#12
Malcolm Battersby, Sharon Lawn, Inge Kowanko, Sue Bertossa, Coral Trowbridge, Raylene Liddicoat
PROBLEM: Chronic conditions are major health problems for Australian Aboriginal people. Self-management programs can improve health outcomes. However, few health workers are skilled in self-management support and existing programs are not always appropriate in Australian Aboriginal contexts. DESIGN: The goal was to increase the capacity of the Australian health workforce to support Australian Aboriginal people to self-manage their chronic conditions by adapting the Flinders Program of chronic condition self-management support for Australian Aboriginal clients and develop and deliver training for health professionals to implement the program...
April 22, 2018: Australian Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682609/prolonged-cannabidiol-treatment-effects-on-hippocampal-subfield-volumes-in-current-cannabis-users
#13
Camilla Beale, Samantha J Broyd, Yann Chye, Chao Suo, Mark Schira, Peter Galettis, Jennifer H Martin, Murat Yücel, Nadia Solowij
Introduction: Chronic cannabis use is associated with neuroanatomical alterations in the hippocampus. While adverse impacts of cannabis use are generally attributed to Δ9 -tetrahydrocannabinol, emerging naturalistic evidence suggests cannabidiol (CBD) is neuroprotective and may ameliorate brain harms associated with cannabis use, including protection from hippocampal volume loss. This study examined whether prolonged administration of CBD to regular cannabis users within the community could reverse or reduce the characteristic hippocampal harms associated with chronic cannabis use...
2018: Cannabis and Cannabinoid Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682469/conservative-management-versus-endovascular-or-open-surgery-in-the-spectrum-of-type-b-aortic-dissection
#14
Xun Yuan, Andreas Mitsis, Mohammed Ghonem, Ilias Iakovakis, Christoph A Nienaber
Background: Type B aortic dissection is a life-threatening acute aortic condition often with acute ischemic signs or symptoms. With initial management focusing on alleviating malperfusion and pain, and avoiding propagation of dissection or rupture both systolic blood and pulse pressure should be reduced initially by an aggressive medical approach. In the setting of persistent signs of complications endovascular strategies have replaced open surgery and led to a fourfold increase in early survival and better long-term outcomes...
2018: Journal of Visualized Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682402/correlation-of-plasma-concentration-and-adverse-effects-of-bosutinib-standard-dose-or-dose-escalation-regimens-of-bosutinib-treatment-for-patients-with-chronic-myeloid-leukemia
#15
Akiko Mita, Maiko Abumiya, Masatomo Miura, Takenori Niioka, Saori Takahashi, Tomoko Yoshioka, Yoshihiro Kameoka, Naoto Takahashi
Purpose: To investigate the exposure-toxicity relationship of bosutinib and to identify the target trough plasma concentration (C0 ). Methods: The toxicity and C0 of bosutinib in Japanese chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) patients were monitored every 2 weeks for the first 3 months of treatment, and subsequently once a month during the 6 months after beginning 500 mg/day of standard dose (SD group, n = 10) or beginning 100 mg/day and increased by 100 mg every 2 weeks of dose escalation (DE group, n = 15)...
2018: Experimental Hematology & Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682130/-brave-men-and-emotional-women-a-theory-guided-literature-review-on-gender-bias-in-health-care-and-gendered-norms-towards-patients-with-chronic-pain
#16
REVIEW
Anke Samulowitz, Ida Gremyr, Erik Eriksson, Gunnel Hensing
Background: Despite the large body of research on sex differences in pain, there is a lack of knowledge about the influence of gender in the patient-provider encounter. The purpose of this study was to review literature on gendered norms about men and women with pain and gender bias in the treatment of pain. The second aim was to analyze the results guided by the theoretical concepts of hegemonic masculinity and andronormativity. Methods: A literature search of databases was conducted...
2018: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682097/growth-differentiation-factor-15-as-a-predictor-of-idiopathic-membranous-nephropathy-progression-a-retrospective-study
#17
Young Rok Ham, Chang Hun Song, Hong Jin Bae, Jin Young Jeong, Min-Kyung Yeo, Dae Eun Choi, Ki-Ryang Na, Kang Wook Lee
Idiopathic membranous nephropathy (IMN) is a major cause of nephrotic syndrome. No biomarker to predict the long-term prognosis of IMN is currently available. Growth differentiation factor-15 (GDF-15) is a member of the transforming growth factor- β superfamily and has been associated with chronic inflammatory disease. It has the potential to be a useful prognostic marker in patients with renal diseases, such as diabetic nephropathy and IgA nephropathy. This study examined whether GDF-15 is associated with the clinical parameters in IMN and showed that GDF-15 can predict IMN disease progression...
2018: Disease Markers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681991/the-relationship-between-mnsod-val16ala-gene-polymorphism-and-the-level-of-serum-total-antioxidant-capacity-with-the-risk-of-chronic-kidney-disease-in-type-2-diabetic-patients-a-nested-case-control-study-in-the-tehran-lipid-glucose-study
#18
Mehrnaz Abbasi, Maryam S Daneshpour, Mehdi Hedayati, Azadeh Mottaghi, Katayoun Pourvali, Fereidoun Azizi
Background: Several studies have shown significant associations between manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD) Val16Ala polymorphism and diabetic complications, but this association has not been explored in relation with chronic kidney disease (CKD) in Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients. Total antioxidant capacity (TAC) level changes in diabetic condition and may play important role in onset or progression of the disease and its complications. The present study investigated the association of MnSOD Val16Ala polymorphism and serum TAC with the risk of CKD in T2DM patients...
2018: Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681929/efficacy-and-safety-of-argon-plasma-coagulation-for-hemorrhagic-chronic-radiation-proctopathy-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Yanan Peng, Haizhou Wang, Juerong Feng, Shilin Fang, Meng Zhang, Fan Wang, Ying Chang, Xianyan Shi, Qiu Zhao, Jing Liu
Hemorrhagic chronic radiation proctopathy (CRP) is a common complication after pelvic radiotherapy in patients with prostate or gynecological cancers. This systematic review was conducted to evaluate the efficacy and safety of argon plasma coagulation (APC) in treating hemorrhagic CRP. The databases of PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Library were searched for related studies from inception to July 2017. Finally, 33 studies were identified with a total of 821 hemorrhagic CRP patients. After APC treatment, hemoglobin levels increased from 7...
2018: Gastroenterology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681795/delta-opioid-receptor-signaling-promotes-resilience-to-stress-under-the-repeated-social-defeat-paradigm-in-mice
#20
Mathilde S Henry, Kanchan Bisht, Nathalie Vernoux, Louis Gendron, Angélica Torres-Berrio, Guy Drolet, Marie-Ève Tremblay
The adaptation to chronic stress is highly variable across individuals. Resilience to stress is a complex process recruiting various brain regions and neurotransmitter systems. The aim of this study was to investigate the involvement of endogenous opioid enkephalin (ENK) signaling in the development of stress resilience in mice. The translational model of repeated social defeat (RSD) stress was selected to mimic the unpredictable disruptions of daily life and induce resilience or vulnerability to stress. As in humans, adult C57BL/6J mice demonstrated a great variability in their response to stress under this paradigm...
2018: Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience
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