keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

chronic total obstruction

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526889/the-contribution-of-an-asthma-diagnostic-consultation-service-in-obtaining-an-accurate-asthma-diagnosis-for-primary-care-patients-results-of-a-real-life-study
#1
R M E Gillis, W van Litsenburg, R H van Balkom, J W Muris, F W Smeenk
Previous studies showed that general practitioners have problems in diagnosing asthma accurately, resulting in both under and overdiagnosis. To support general practitioners in their diagnostic process, an asthma diagnostic consultation service was set up. We evaluated the performance of this asthma diagnostic consultation service by analysing the (dis)concordance between the general practitioners working hypotheses and the asthma diagnostic consultation service diagnoses and possible consequences this had on the patients' pharmacotherapy...
May 19, 2017: NPJ Primary Care Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526329/a-behaviour-change-intervention-to-reduce-sedentary-time-in-people-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#2
Sonia Wing Mei Cheng, Jennifer Alison, Sarah Dennis, Emmanuel Stamatakis, Lissa Spencer, Renae McNamara, Susan Sims, Zoe McKeough
INTRODUCTION: Replacing sedentary behaviour with light intensity physical activity (ie, activities classified as less than three metabolic equivalents, such as slow-paced walking) may be a more realistic strategy for reducing cardiometabolic risk in people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease than only aiming to increase levels of moderate-vigorous intensity physical activity. Behaviour change interventions to reduce sedentary behaviour in people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease have not yet been developed or tested...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522771/how-to-determine-an-impaired-health-status-in-copd-results-from-a-population-based-study
#3
D E Smid, M A Spruit, D J H Deeg, M Huisman, J Poppelaars, E F M Wouters, F M E Franssen
BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is associated with a significantly impaired health status and lost work productivity across all degrees of airflow limitation. The current study investigated whether an impaired health status is better represented by the recommended COPD Assessment Test (CAT) cut-point of 10 points, or the 95th percentile of the CAT score in a non-COPD population. Additionally, the impact of COPD on health status in a Dutch population, after stratification for work status, was measured...
May 2017: Netherlands Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520625/the-relationship-between-weather-and-objectively-measured-physical-activity-among-individuals-with-copd
#4
Shea M Balish, Gail Dechman, Paul Hernandez, John C Spence, Ryan E Rhodes, Kerry McGannon, Chris Blanchard
PURPOSE: Although daily variation in weather impacts physical activity (PA) levels among relatively healthy individuals, it is largely unknown whether this relationship occurs for those living with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The purpose of this study was to examine how daily variation in temperature, rain, and snow is related to objectively measured PA among patients with COPD, and whether demographic or clinical characteristics moderate these relationships. METHODS: Patients with COPD completed a questionnaire and wore a pedometer for 7 days at baseline, end of pulmonary rehabilitation (PR), and 3 and 9 months after completing PR (28 days in total)...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516972/sialendoscopy-for-salivary-stones-principles-technical-skills-and-therapeutic-experience
#5
F Carta, P Farneti, S Cantore, G Macrì, N Chuchueva, L Cuffaro, E Pasquini, R Puxeddu
Obstructive sialadenitis is the most common non-neoplastic disease of the salivary glands, and sialendoscopy is increasingly used in both diagnosis and treatment, associated in selected cases with endoscopic laser lithotripsy. Sialendoscopy is also used for combined minimally invasive external and endoscopic approaches in patients with larger and proximal stones that would require excessively long laser procedures. The present paper reports on the technical experience from the Ear, Nose and Throat Unit of the Sant'Orsola-Malpighi Hospital of Bologna, and from the Department of Otorhinolaryngology of the University Hospital of Cagliari, Italy, including the retrospective analysis of the endoscopic and endoscopic assisted procedures performed on 48 patients (26 females and 22 males; median age 45...
April 2017: Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515193/cost-effectiveness-of-telehealthcare-to-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-results-from-the-danish-telecare-north-cluster-randomised-trial
#6
Flemming Witt Udsen, Pernille Heyckendorff Lilholt, Ole Hejlesen, Lars Ehlers
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the cost-effectiveness of a telehealthcare solution in addition to usual care compared with usual care. DESIGN: A 12-month cost-utility analysis conducted alongside a cluster-randomised trial. SETTING: Community-based setting in the geographical area of North Denmark Region in Denmark. PARTICIPANTS: 26 municipality districts define randomisation clusters with 13 districts in each arm. 1225 patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease were enrolled, of which 578 patients were randomised to telehealthcare and 647 to usual care...
May 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507582/decreased-activity-of-butyrylcholinesterase-in-blood-plasma-of-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#7
Paulina Sicinska, Bozena Bukowska, Aneta Pajak, Aneta Koceva-Chyla, Tadeusz Pietras, Piotr Nizinkowski, Paweł Gorski, Maria Koter-Michalak
INTRODUCTION: Butyrylcholinesterase (BChE) is involved in the metabolism of endogenous lipids and xenobiotics, such as esters of carboxylic or phosphoric acids. Butyrylcholinesterase activity is associated with both inflammation and oxidative stress. Changes in the activity of this enzyme have been observed in various diseases such as liver cirrhosis, diabetes, neurodegenerative disease and others. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study involved 30 patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and 18 healthy subjects...
April 1, 2017: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496415/inflammatory-effects-of-menthol-vs-non-menthol-cigarette-smoke-extract-on-human-lung-epithelial-cells-a-double-hit-on-trpm8-by-reactive-oxygen-species-and-menthol
#8
An-Hsuan Lin, Meng-Han Liu, Hsin-Kuo B Ko, Diahn-Warng Perng, Tzong-Shyuan Lee, Yu Ru Kou
Clinical studies suggest that smokers with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease who use menthol cigarettes may display more severe lung inflammation than those who smoke non-menthol cigarette. However, the mechanisms for this difference remain unclear. Menthol is a ligand of transient receptor potential melastatin-8 (TRPM8), a Ca(2+)-permeant channel sensitive to reactive oxygen species (ROS). We previously reported that exposure of human bronchial epithelial cells (HBECs) to non-menthol cigarette smoke extract (Non-M-CSE) triggers a cascade of inflammatory signaling leading to IL-8 induction...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495073/expert-statement-on-the-single-agent-use-of-inhaled-bronchodilator-in-the-treatment-of-stable-mild-moderate-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#9
Juan Antonio Riesco Miranda, Bernardino Alcázar, Inmaculada Alfageme, Ciro Casanova, Bartolomé Celli, Juan P de-Torres, Carlos A Jiménez Ruiz
OBJECTIVE: To describe the evidence- and experience-based expert consensus on the use of single-agent bronchodilators in patients with stable mild-moderate chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). METHODS: Using Delphi methodology, a panel of 7 respiratory medicine experts was established, who, in the first nominal group meeting defined the scope, users, and document sections. The panel drew up 14 questions on the use of single-agent bronchodilators in patients with mild-moderate stable COPD to be answered with a systematic review of the literature...
May 8, 2017: Archivos de Bronconeumología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494066/association-between-middle-ear-cholesteatoma-and-chronic-rhinosinusitis
#10
Chin-Lung Kuo, Yu-Chun Yen, Wei-Pin Chang, An-Suey Shiao
Importance: Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) can cause an obstruction of the tubal orifice and thereby compromise ventilation of the middle ear. The resulting negative pressure in the middle ear may, in turn, lead to the formation of an eardrum retraction pocket and subsequent acquired cholesteatoma. This study hypothesizes that CRS may increase the risk of cholesteatoma. Objective: To evaluate the risk of cholesteatoma in patients with CRS. Design, Setting, and Participants: This study used a nationwide, population-based claims database to test the hypothesis that CRS may increase the risk of cholesteatoma...
May 11, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493244/-german-translation-of-the-copd-self-efficacy-scale-development-and-validation-of-a-short-form
#11
Katrin Müller, Christina Niermann, Nikola Einhorn, Nicola Kotschy-Lang, Petra Wagner
Illness-specific self-efficacy is important in the disease-management of patients with COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease). Nevertheless, there is no instrument to measure the illness-specific self-efficacy in the German speaking countries. The purposes of the study were to translate the COPD Self-Efficacy Scale (CSES) into German (CSES-D) and to determine the psychometric criteria. Another objective was to construct a short form of the CSES-D. A total of 199 participants with COPD were recruited. The factorial structure of the CSES including 5 dimensions could not be confirmed with exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses...
May 2017: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490872/correlation-between-fractional-exhaled-nitric-oxide-and-sputum-eosinophilia-in-exacerbations-of-copd
#12
Jie Gao, Min Zhang, Liqin Zhou, Xing Yang, Haigui Wu, Jianfang Zhang, Feng Wu
INTRODUCTION: Measurements of eosinophils in induced sputum and fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO) are noninvasive biomarkers for assessing airway inflammation phenotypes in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Nevertheless, the clinical application of the correlation between FeNO levels and sputum eosinophilia is controversial. The study aimed to investigate the correlation and predictive relationship between FeNO levels and sputum eosinophils in patients with COPD exacerbation...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490551/selective-impact-of-disease-on-short-term-and-long-term-components-of-self-reported-memory-a-population-based-hunt-study
#13
Ove Almkvist, Ole Bosnes, Ingunn Bosnes, Eystein Stordal
BACKGROUND: Subjective memory is commonly considered to be a unidimensional measure. However, theories of performance-based memory suggest that subjective memory could be divided into more than one dimension. OBJECTIVE: To divide subjective memory into theoretically related components of memory and explore the relationship to disease. METHODS: In this study, various aspects of self-reported memory were studied with respect to demographics and diseases in the third wave of the HUNT epidemiological study in middle Norway...
May 9, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490229/changes-in-blood-pressure-among-patients-in-the-ontario-telehomecare-programme-an-observational-longitudinal-cohort-study
#14
Yeva Sahakyan, Lusine Abrahamyan, Nida Shahid, Alexandra Stanimirovic, Petros Pechlivanoglou, Nicholas Mitsakakis, Welson Ryan, Murray Krahn, Valeria E Rac
Background The objective of this study was to investigate the changes in blood pressure among patients enrolled in the Telehomecare programme in Ontario, Canada. Methods This observational study utilised a prospective longitudinal cohort design, including patients with heart failure and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease enrolled in the Ontario Telehomecare programme from July 2012 to July 2015. The outcome of interest was change in mean (biweekly) systolic and diastolic blood pressure levels over a six-month period...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489885/visit-to-visit-glycemic-variability-is-a-strong-predictor-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-competing-risk-analysis-using-a-national-cohort-from-the-taiwan-diabetes-study
#15
Hsien-Tsai Chiu, Tsai-Chung Li, Chia-Ing Li, Chiu-Shong Liu, Wen-Yuan Lin, Cheng-Chieh Lin
BACKGROUND: This study aims to examine the association between visit-to-visit glucose variability, which was measured by coefficient of variation (CV) of fasting plasma glucose (FPG) and hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c), and risk of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in a large number of patients with type 2 diabetes with an average follow-up of 7.58 years. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study on 27,257 patients with type 2 diabetes who participated in the National Diabetes Case Management Program in Taiwan...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489752/enteric-hyperoxaluria-in-chronic-pancreatitis
#16
Nathalie Demoulin, Zaina Issa, Ralph Crott, Johann Morelle, Etienne Danse, Pierre Wallemacq, Michel Jadoul, Pierre H Deprez
Chronic pancreatitis may lead to steatorrhea, enteric hyperoxaluria, and kidney damage. However, the prevalence and determinants of hyperoxaluria in chronic pancreatitis patients as well as its association with renal function decline have not been investigated.We performed an observational study. Urine oxalate to creatinine ratio was assessed on 2 independent random urine samples in consecutive adult patients with chronic pancreatitis followed at the outpatient clinic from March 1 to October 31, 2012. Baseline characteristics and annual estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) change during follow-up were compared between patients with hyper- and normo-oxaluria...
May 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488612/analysis-of-mortality-and-related-factors-in-2195-adult-myasthenia-gravis-patients-in-a-10-year-follow-up-study
#17
Chanchan Liu, Qiong Wang, Zhandong Qiu, Jing Lin, Bo Chen, Yue Li, Mengcui Gui, Min Zhang, Mingshan Yang, Wei Wang, Bitao Bu
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the mortality and potential risk factors for death in myasthenia gravis (MG) patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 2195 adult patients with MG (aged older than 18 years) diagnosed during the period between 2003 and 2013 were followed-up and retrospectively reviewed. RESULTS: During the 10-year follow-up, 129 patients died and the total mortality rate was 5.88%. The risk factors associated with MG-related deaths were duration of the disease, occurrence of myasthenic crisis, severity of disease that included the Myasthenia Gravis Foundation of America (MGFA) grade III and IV at onset, elevation of acetylcholine receptor antibody (AchR-abs) titers, presence of thymic pathology, and failure of administrating immunosuppressants (P < 0...
May 2017: Neurology India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484832/accuracy-of-routinely-collected-comorbidity-data-in-patients-undergoing-colectomy-a-retrospective-study
#18
Shahin Hajibandeh, Shahab Hajibandeh, Roger Deering, Dearbhla McEleney, John Guirguis, Sarah Dix, Abdelhakem Sreh, Afsana Kausar
OBJECTIVES: This paper aimed to determine the baseline accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), and negative predictive value (NPV) of routinely collected comorbidity data in patients undergoing any types of colectomy. METHODS: All patients aged >18 who underwent right hemicolectomy, left hemicolectomy, sigmoid colectomy, subtotal colectomy, or total colectomy between 1 January 2015 and 1 November 2016 were identified. The following comorbidities were considered: hypertension, ischemic heart disease (IHD), diabetes, asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), cerebrovascular disease (CVD), chronic kidney disease (CKD), and hypercholesterolemia...
May 8, 2017: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482873/clinical-impact-of-duodenal-pancreatic-heterotopia-is-there-a-need-for-surgical-treatment
#19
Alexander Betzler, Soeren T Mees, Josefine Pump, Sebastian Schölch, Carolin Zimmermann, Daniela E Aust, Jürgen Weitz, Thilo Welsch, Marius Distler
BACKGROUND: Pancreatic heterotopia (PH) is defined as ectopic pancreatic tissue outside the normal pancreas and its vasculature and duct system. Most frequently, PH is detected incidentally by histopathological examination. The aim of the present study was to analyze a large single-center series of duodenal PH with respect to the clinical presentation. METHODS: A prospective pancreatic database was retrospectively analyzed for cases of PH of the duodenum. All pancreatic and duodenal resections performed between January 2000 and October 2015 were included and screened for histopathologically proven duodenal PH...
May 8, 2017: BMC Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482421/-effect-of-home-noninvasive-positive-pressure-ventilation-on-patients-with-severe-stable-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-a-meta-analysis
#20
Y Liu, B Dai, J Su, Y Peng, W Tan, H W Zhao
Objective: To evaluate the effect of home noninvasive positive pressure ventilation (NPPV) on patients with severe stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease(COPD) by meta-analysis. Methods: The data of this meta-analysis was retrieved from the PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane library, Wanfang, Weipu and CNKI databases from January 1980 to January 2016. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on comparison of the effect of home NPPV in patients with severe stable COPD were enrolled. The enrolled data were divided into different subgroups in terms of the levels of inspiratory positive airway pressure(IPAP), different duration of ventilation per day, and different levels of baseline hypercapnia on change in PaCO(2)...
May 12, 2017: Chinese Journal of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
keyword
keyword
82059
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"