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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822787/global-regional-and-national-deaths-prevalence-disability-adjusted-life-years-and-years-lived-with-disability-for-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-and-asthma-1990-2015-a-systematic-analysis-for-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2015
#1
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and asthma are common diseases with a heterogeneous distribution worldwide. Here, we present methods and disease and risk estimates for COPD and asthma from the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors (GBD) 2015 study. The GBD study provides annual updates on estimates of deaths, prevalence, and disability-adjusted life years (DALYs), a summary measure of fatal and non-fatal disease outcomes, for over 300 diseases and injuries, for 188 countries from 1990 to the most recent year...
August 16, 2017: Lancet Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822508/prevalence-and-characteristics-of-resistant-hypertensive-patients-in-an-asian-population
#2
Rabia Naseem, Arsalan Majeed Adam, Fiza Khan, Adiya Dossal, Ibrahim Khan, Ammara Khan, Hannah Paul, Hafsa Jawed, Aisha Aslam, Faez Muhammad Syed, Muhammad Ahsen Niazi, Shehzeen Nadeem, Aruba Khan, Amber Zia, Mohammad Hussham Arshad
BACKGROUND: Resistant hypertension is a well-recognized clinical challenge yet there are no reported data on its prevalence in Pakistan. These patients are subjected to a higher risk of developing hypertensive complications. The objective of our study was to evaluate the prevalence and determinants of resistant hypertension in an Asian cohort of hypertensive patients. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was carried out among hypertensive patients visiting a tertiary care hospital in Karachi from September-December 2015...
July 2017: Indian Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822411/-effect-of-treating-obstructive-sleep-apnea-hypopnea-syndrome-on-chronic-cough-in-children
#3
C Pang, J Q Liang, Q L Gu
Objective: To understand the effect of treating obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) on chronic cough in children. Methods: A total of 100 consecutive children with OSAHS diagnosed by polysomnography(PSG) and chronic cough were included in this study. All children underwent cough condition assessment, OSA-18 scales and MS-IOS before and after surgery, and all children were followed-up for 3 months. Children were separated into three groups according to the severity of OSAHS. Related parameters like Zr, Rf, R5, R20, X5, X35, Rc, Rp obtained from MS-IOS, OSA-18 scores and cough scores were compared between different groups using paired t-test or Wilcoxon sum test...
August 7, 2017: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817393/increased-expiratory-computed-tomography-density-reveals-possible-abnormalities-in-radiologically-preserved-lung-parenchyma-in-idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis
#4
Valentina Petroulia, Manuela Funke, Pascal Zumstein, Sabina Berezowska, Lukas Ebner, Thomas Geiser, Nenad Torbica, Johannes Heverhagen, Alexander Poellinger
OBJECTIVES: Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a progressive lethal chronic lung disease with unclear pathogenesis. Radiological hallmark is the pattern of usual interstitial pneumonia accentuated in peripheral and basal areas with otherwise preserved lung structure. One hypothesis is that alveolar collapse and consequent induration lead to fibrotic transformation of lung tissue. The aim of the study was to investigate normal-appearing tissue during expiration for signs of collapsibility and differences from other diseases or controls...
August 16, 2017: Investigative Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814851/effect-of-allergic-phenotype-on-treatment-response-to-inhaled-bronchodilators-with-or-without-inhaled-corticosteroids-in-patients-with-copd
#5
Shih-Lung Cheng, Hsu Hui Wang, Ching-Hsiung Lin
BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a heterogeneous disorder encompassing different phenotypes with different responses to treatment. The present 1-year, two-center hospital-based study investigated whether the plasma immunoglobulin E (IgE) level and/or eosinophil cell count could be used as biomarkers to stratify patients with COPD according to predicted responses to inhaled corticosteroids (ICS)-based therapy. METHODS: A hospital-data based cohort study of COPD patients treated at two territory hospital centers was conducted for 1 year...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814380/the-effect-of-integration-of-self-management-web-platforms-on-health-status-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-management-in-primary-care-e-vita-study-interrupted-time-series-design
#6
Esther Pwa Talboom-Kamp, Noortje A Verdijk, Marise J Kasteleyn, Lara M Harmans, Irvin Jsh Talboom, Ingrid Looijmans-van den Akker, Nan van Geloven, Mattijs E Numans, Niels H Chavannes
BACKGROUND: Worldwide nearly 3 million people die from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) every year. Integrated disease management (IDM) improves quality of life for COPD patients and can reduce hospitalization. Self-management of COPD through eHealth is an effective method to improve IDM and clinical outcomes. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this implementation study was to investigate the effect of 3 chronic obstructive pulmonary disease eHealth programs applied in primary care on health status...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811987/early-complications-and-outcomes-in-adult-spinal-deformity-surgery-an-nsqip-study-based-on-5803-patients
#7
Nathan J Lee, Parth Kothari, Jun S Kim, John I Shin, Kevin Phan, John Di Capua, Sulaiman Somani, Dante M Leven, Javier Z Guzman, Samuel K Cho
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective analysis. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to determine the incidence, impact, and risk factors for short-term postoperative complications following elective adult spinal deformity (ASD) surgery. METHODS: Current Procedural Terminology codes were used to query the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS NSQIP) for adults who underwent spinal deformity surgery from 2010 to 2014...
August 2017: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810313/-efficacy-and-safety-of-tiotropium-respimat-in-the-treatment-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-systematic-review
#8
H D Cai, J Hou, Y N Lyu, L Xiong, M Z Lu, S L Wu
Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of tiotropium Respimat in the treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) according to the Cochrane systematic evaluation. Methods: The Cochrane Library, PubMed, EMbase, CNKI, VIP and CBM, Wanfang Data were searched(from the foundation date to Jan. 2016) for the randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of tiotropium Respimat in the treatment of patients with COPD. Two reviewers independently retrieved the RCTs according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria, assessed the methodological quality of the included trials...
August 12, 2017: Chinese Journal of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803775/pulmonary-function-in-patients-with-eosinophilic-chronic-rhinosinusitis
#9
Kensuke Uraguchi, Shin Kariya, Seiichiro Makihara, Mitsuhiro Okano, Takenori Haruna, Aiko Oka, Rumi Fujiwara, Yohei Noda, Kazunori Nishizaki
OBJECTIVE: There is a close relationship between upper and lower respiratory tract diseases. Chronic rhinosinusitis patients frequently have lung diseases including asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Eosinophilic chronic rhinosinusitis is considered a refractory and intractable subtype of chronic rhinosinusitis. However, there has been no report on pulmonary function in patients with eosinophilic chronic rhinosinusitis. The purpose of this study is to examine the pulmonary function in eosinophilic chronic rhinosinusitis patients and non-eosinophilic chronic rhinosinusitis patients, and evaluate clinical factors associated with the pulmonary function of these patients...
August 10, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802366/formula-for-the-prediction-of-apnea-hypopnea-index-in-children-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-without-polysomnography-according-to-the-clinical-parameters-is-it-reliable
#10
Zlatko Kljajić, Željka Roje, Kristijan Bečić, Vesna Čapkun, K Vilović, Petar Ivanišević, Eugenija Marušić
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: The aim of the study was to propose "the risk formula" for obstructive sleep apnea in children according to the general and local clinical parameters and findings relevant for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) severity. The unmet need for this formula arises from the economic burden of polysomnography (device, staff, training, special sleep centers, etc) as the golden standard for the diagnostics. MATERIALS AND METHODS USED: The study was performed from January 2013 until January 2016 in the Sleep Center, Department for Neuroscience, School of Medicine of the University of Split, Department of Pediatrics, University Hospital Split, Croatia and ENT Dept...
September 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800934/is-the-risk-of-postoperative-atrial-fibrillation-predictable-in-patients-undergoing-surgery-due-to-primary-lung-cancer
#11
Onder Kavurmaci, Tevfik Ilker Akcam, Ayse Gul Ergonul, Kutsal Turhan, Alpaslan Cakan, Ufuk Cagirici
BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a type of cardiac arrhythmia which is commonly seen following lung resection. There is currently no algorithm which can predict which patients will develop postoperative AF (PAF). The present study aims to identify the risk factors for the development of PAF and high-risk patients with PAF along with multiple risk factors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 887 patients, who underwent lung resection due to primary lung malignancy at our clinic between January 2000 and December 2016, were retrospectively analysed...
July 19, 2017: Heart, Lung & Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797558/prevalence-and-predictors-associated-with-severe-pulmonary-hypertension-in-copd
#12
Mitra Samareh Fekri, Mehdi Torabi, Sara Azizi Shoul, Moghaddameh Mirzaee
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is one of the most common complications of COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease), but its severe form is uncommon. Various factors play an important role in the occurrence and severity of pulmonary hypertension in patients. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was performed on patients with COPD referred to an emergency department over a one-year period. The tests-including complete blood count (CBC) and arterial blood gas (ABG), pulmonary functional test (PFT) and echocardiography-were performed for all patients to measure mPAP (mean pulmonary artery pressure), ejection fraction (EF) and body mass index (BMI)...
August 5, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791362/correlation-analysis-of-surfactant-protein-a-and-surfactant-protein-d-with-lung-function-in-exhaled-breath-condensate-from-lung-cancer-patients-with-and-without-copd
#13
Xuefeng Lin, Zhenlin Wu, Yichu Fan, Mingyou Chi, Xiaodong Wang, Xun Zhang, Daqiang Sun
Pulmonary surfactant protein A (SP‑A) and pulmonary surfactant protein D (SP‑D) are associated with the pathogenesis of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The aim of the present study was to determine the correlation between SP‑A, SP‑D and lung function in patients with COPD. A total of 60 patients with lung cancer undergoing unilateral lobectomy were selected and divided into three groups, including a non‑COPD group (n=20), a COPD treatment group (n=20) and a COPD control group (n=20)...
August 7, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790812/risk-factors-for-developing-hypoxic-respiratory-failure-in-copd
#14
Josefin Sundh, Magnus Ekström
BACKGROUND: Hypoxemia is associated with worse outcomes in COPD. The aim of the study was to investigate the prevalence, incidence, and risk factors of hypoxic respiratory failure (HRF) in COPD. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a longitudinal analysis of data from the Swedish National Register of COPD. HRF was defined as resting saturation ≤88% or long-term oxygen therapy. Risk factors for developing HRF were analyzed using multiple logistic regression and receiver operating characteristic curve analysis...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790809/clinical-characteristics-of-chronic-bronchitic-emphysematous-and-acos-phenotypes-in-copd-patients-with-frequent-exacerbations
#15
Yusheng Cheng, Xiongwen Tu, Linlin Pan, Shuai Lu, Ming Xing, Linlin Li, Xingwu Chen
PURPOSE: Chronic bronchitis (CB), emphysematous (EM) and asthma-chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) overlap syndrome (ACOS) phenotypes in COPD are well recognized. This study aimed to investigate distinguishing characteristics of these phenotypes in COPD patients with frequent exacerbations (FE). PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective study was carried out. COPD patients with acute exacerbations were consecutively reviewed from November 2015 to October 2016...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777450/self-management-interventions-including-action-plans-for-exacerbations-versus-usual-care-in-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#16
REVIEW
Anke Lenferink, Marjolein Brusse-Keizer, Paul Dlpm van der Valk, Peter A Frith, Marlies Zwerink, Evelyn M Monninkhof, Job van der Palen, Tanja W Effing
BACKGROUND: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) self-management interventions should be structured but personalised and often multi-component, with goals of motivating, engaging and supporting the patients to positively adapt their behaviour(s) and develop skills to better manage disease. Exacerbation action plans are considered to be a key component of COPD self-management interventions. Studies assessing these interventions show contradictory results. In this Cochrane Review, we compared the effectiveness of COPD self-management interventions that include action plans for acute exacerbations of COPD (AECOPD) with usual care...
August 4, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777122/improving-compliance-with-a-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-bundle-of-care-in-australian-emergency-departments-a-clinical-network-quality-improvement-project
#17
Anne-Maree Kelly, Jan Pannifex
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe the impact of a clinical network-led quality improvement project on compliance with bundle of care elements (individually and as a 'bundle') for patients treated for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease exacerbations in the emergency department. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: A 9-month quality improvement project was performed by a modified knowledge transfer methodology with analysis before and after data collection...
August 2, 2017: European Journal of Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the European Society for Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776926/interdependence-of-physical-inactivity-loss-of-muscle-mass-and-low-dietary-intake-extrapulmonary-manifestations-in-older-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-patients
#18
Kazuya Yoshimura, Susumu Sato, Shigeo Muro, Minoru Yamada, Koichi Hasegawa, Hirofumi Kiyokawa, Michiaki Mishima, Tomoki Aoyama
AIM: Extrapulmonary manifestations, such as reductions in skeletal muscle and physical inactivity, are important clinical features of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and might depend on the severity of COPD. As it is still unclear whether the relationship between muscle loss and physical inactivity is dominated by a disease-specific relationship or caused by patient factors, including physiological aging, we aimed to investigate the pulmonary or extrapulmonary factors associated with physical inactivity among older COPD patients...
August 4, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774203/validity-and-reliability-of-strain-gauge-measurement-of-volitional-quadriceps-force-in-patients-with-copd
#19
Fernanda Machado Rodrigues, Heleen Demeyer, Miek Hornikx, Carlos Augusto Camillo, Ebru Calik-Kutukcu, Chris Burtin, Wim Janssens, Thierry Troosters, Christian Osadnik
This study investigated the validity and reliability of fixed strain gauge measurements of isometric quadriceps force in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). A total cohort of 138 patients with COPD were assessed. To determine validity, maximal volitional quadriceps force was evaluated during isometric maximal voluntary contraction (MVC) manoeuvre via a fixed strain gauge dynamometer and compared to (a) potentiated non-volitional quadriceps force obtained via magnetic stimulation of the femoral nerve (twitch (Tw); n = 92) and (b) volitional computerized dynamometry (Biodex; n = 46) and analysed via correlation coefficients...
August 2017: Chronic Respiratory Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774199/physical-activity-patterns-and-clusters-in-1001-patients-with-copd
#20
Rafael Mesquita, Gabriele Spina, Fabio Pitta, David Donaire-Gonzalez, Brenda M Deering, Mehul S Patel, Katy E Mitchell, Jennifer Alison, Arnoldus Jr van Gestel, Stefanie Zogg, Philippe Gagnon, Beatriz Abascal-Bolado, Barbara Vagaggini, Judith Garcia-Aymerich, Sue C Jenkins, Elisabeth Apm Romme, Samantha Sc Kon, Paul S Albert, Benjamin Waschki, Dinesh Shrikrishna, Sally J Singh, Nicholas S Hopkinson, David Miedinger, Roberto P Benzo, François Maltais, Pierluigi Paggiaro, Zoe J McKeough, Michael I Polkey, Kylie Hill, William D-C Man, Christian F Clarenbach, Nidia A Hernandes, Daniela Savi, Sally Wootton, Karina C Furlanetto, Li W Cindy Ng, Anouk W Vaes, Christine Jenkins, Peter R Eastwood, Diana Jarreta, Anne Kirsten, Dina Brooks, David R Hillman, Thaís Sant'Anna, Kenneth Meijer, Selina Dürr, Erica Pa Rutten, Malcolm Kohler, Vanessa S Probst, Ruth Tal-Singer, Esther Garcia Gil, Albertus C den Brinker, Jörg D Leuppi, Peter Ma Calverley, Frank Wjm Smeenk, Richard W Costello, Marco Gramm, Roger Goldstein, Miriam Tj Groenen, Helgo Magnussen, Emiel Fm Wouters, Richard L ZuWallack, Oliver Amft, Henrik Watz, Martijn A Spruit
We described physical activity measures and hourly patterns in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) after stratification for generic and COPD-specific characteristics and, based on multiple physical activity measures, we identified clusters of patients. In total, 1001 patients with COPD (65% men; age, 67 years; forced expiratory volume in the first second [FEV1], 49% predicted) were studied cross-sectionally. Demographics, anthropometrics, lung function and clinical data were assessed...
August 2017: Chronic Respiratory Disease
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