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Pablo Roa Rojas, Hernán Arango Fernández, Martha Rebolledo Cobos, Jonathan Harris Ricardo
Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome is a rare congenital condition, characterized by presenting macroglossia, defects of the abdominal wall, hemihypertrophy, omphalocele, neonatal hypoglycemia, umbilical hernia, hepatomegaly, cardiac abnormalities, among others. Macroglossia occurs in 90% of cases, causing a problem in chewing, swallowing, phonation and breathing, resulting in a closure of the upper airway. The therapeutic option of choice is partial glossectomy. We present a 2-month-old pediatric patient with Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome and area blockage due to severe macroglossia; in the medical history, congenital heart disease, interatrial communication, persistent ductus arteriosus, symptomatic epilepsy, renal failure, hypoglycemia, tracheotomy and gastrostomy, due to airway collapse and dysphagia...
April 1, 2018: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
Mitchell L Worley, Evan M Graboyes, Julie Blair, Suhael Momin, Kent E Armeson, Terry A Day, Andrew T Huang
Objective To describe swallowing outcomes in elderly patients undergoing microvascular reconstruction of the upper aerodigestive tract and identify risk factors for poor postoperative swallowing function. Study Design Case series with chart review. Setting Academic medical center. Subjects and Methods Sixty-six patients aged ≥70 years underwent microvascular reconstruction of the upper aerodigestive tract. The primary outcome measure was the Functional Oral Intake Scale (FOIS); preoperative and postoperative scores were dichotomized to define "good swallowing" and "poor swallowing...
March 1, 2018: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
Naoto Kinoshita, Kozue Saito, Masafumi Ihara
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 20, 2018: Neurology
Ismail Zaed, Giuseppe Lanzino
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 20, 2018: Neurology
Megan Alcauskas, Steven Galetta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 20, 2018: Neurology
Alvaro Sanabria, Daniel Sánchez, Andrés Chala, Andres Alvarez
The effect on quality of life (QOL) of laryngectomy and organ preservation protocols is important in decision making. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to evaluate QOL outcomes of patients with advanced laryngeal tumors who were treated with laryngectomy or organ preservation protocols in Latin America. A total of 35 patients from three oncology units were enrolled. Patients with stage III/IV laryngeal cancer who were treated using organ preservation protocols or laryngectomy were assessed with the University of Washington QOL Questionnaire...
March 2018: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
Süheyl Haytoğlu, Osman Kürşat Arikan, Nuray Bayar Muluk, Birgül Tuhanioğlu, Mustafa Çörtük
We prospectively compared the efficacy of anterior palatoplasty and the uvulopalatal flap procedure for the treatment of patients with mild and moderate obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS). Our study group was made up of 45 patients who had been randomly assigned to undergo one of the two procedures. Palatoplasty was performed on 22 patients-12 men and 10 women, aged 28 to 49 years (mean: 39.2)-and the flap procedure was performed on 23 patients-14 men and 9 women, aged 28 to 56 years (mean: 41.3). Our primary outcomes measure was the difference in pre- and postoperative apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) as determined by polysomnography at 6 months after surgery...
March 2018: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
Domenico Ciavarella, Michele Tepedino, Michele Laurenziello, Laura Guida, Giuseppe Troiano, Graziano Montaruli, Gaetano Illuzzi, Claudio Chimenti, Lorenzo Lo Muzio
INTRODUCTION: Temporomandibular disease (TMD) etiology is multifactorial and is related to many perpetuating, predisposing, and initiating factors. The daytime parafunctions may have an important role in TMD pathogenesis. The most frequent parafunctions analyzed were the static parafunction (ie, clenching) and the dynamic parafunction (ie, grinding). In the present paper, the authors evaluated the swallowing (an oral function/parafunction) with the surface electromyography in patients with TMD...
March 16, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Jo Frost, Fiona Robinson, Judi Hibberd
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Dysphagia in adults arises from a range of causes including acquired neurological disorders and some cancers. Previous research has suggested that treatment using neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) when used in conjunction with conventional therapy is effective. This review describes the recent literature and a small prospective case series carried out in the United Kingdom. This study contributed to support National Institute of Clinical Excellence (NICE) guidance for clinicians who wish to include NMES in a rehabilitation programme for dysphagic patients, specifically with reference to safety and the impact on swallowing function of this intervention...
March 16, 2018: Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery
Mohammed N Alkhatib, Tamer Abd-Alghafoor, AlaaEldeen Elmassry, Loai Albarqouni, Bettina Böttcher, Maha Alfaqawi
BACKGROUND: Stroke is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. The aim of this study was to assess the standard of care for patients with acute ischaemic stroke at the internal medicine department of Nasser Hospital, Gaza Strip. METHODS: For this retrospective clinical audit, we selected a random sample of 100 medical records for patients with stroke who were admitted to Nasser Hospital between January and August, 2016. Clinical practice was compared with the recommendations in the 2013 American Heart Association and American Stroke Association guidelines...
February 21, 2018: Lancet
Anna Fogel, Lisa R Fries, Keri McCrickerd, Ai Ting Goh, Phaik Ling Quah, Mei Jun Chan, Jia Ying Toh, Yap-Seng Chong, Kok Hian Tan, Fabian Yap, Lynette P Shek, Michael J Meaney, Birit F P Broekman, Yung Seng Lee, Keith M Godfrey, Mary Foong Fong Chong, Ciarán G Forde
Oral processing behaviours associated with faster eating rates have been consistently linked to increased energy intakes, but little is known about their links to children's appetitive traits. This study used the Child Eating Behaviour Questionnaire (CEBQ) to explore cross-sectional and prospective associations between parent-reported appetitive traits and observed oral processing behaviours. Participants were 195 children from the Growing Up in Singapore Towards healthy Outcomes cohort, who participated in a video-recorded ad libitum lunch at 4...
March 15, 2018: Appetite
Katarzyna Świder, Jacek Matys
After a stroke, patients frequently show compromised swallowing, mastication, and speech, as well as unfavorable motion and deviation of the tongue and mandible. The dentist can improve the oral rehabilitation of a patient with deteriorated facial and oral muscles after a stroke by incorporating orofacial myofunctional therapy. This report describes a method for tongue exercises and correction of mandible deviation in an edentulous patient after a stroke by using a pearl on a wire in the anteriomedian palatal part of the maxillary denture...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
Christine M Custer, Thomas W Custer, Paul M Dummer, Diana Goldberg, J Christian Franson
Tree swallow (Tachycineta bicolor) eggs and nestlings were collected from 16 sites across the Great Lakes to quantify normal annual variation in total polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) exposure and to validate the sample size choice in earlier work. A sample size of five eggs or five nestlings per site was adequate to quantify exposure to PCBs in tree swallows given the current exposure levels and variation. There was no difference in PCB exposure in two randomly selected sets of five eggs collected in the same year, but analyzed in different years...
March 17, 2018: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
Alexandre Bozec, Pierre Demez, Jocelyn Gal, Emmanuel Chamorey, Marie-Yolande Louis, David Blanchard, Dominique De Raucourt, Jean-Claude Merol, Esteban Brenet, Olivier Dassonville, Gilles Poissonnet, José Santini, Frédéric Peyrade, Karen Benezery, Maria Lesnik, Etienne Berta, Pierre Ransy, Emmanuel Babin
OBJECTIVE: To assess long-term quality of life (QoL) and psycho-social outcomes, and to determine their predictive factors after oropharyngeal cancer (OPC) surgery and radial forearm free-flap (RFFF) reconstruction. METHODS: Patients who had undergone OPC surgery and RFFF reconstruction who were still alive and disease-free at least 1 year after surgery were enrolled in this prospective multicentric study. Patients completed the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) Core (QLQ-C30) and Head and Neck Cancer (QLQ-H&N35) QoL questionnaires, the Voice Handicap Index (VHI-10) questionnaire and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS)...
March 2018: Surgical Oncology
Sabrina Rampado, Edoardo Savarino, Angelica Ganss, Giulia Pozza, Romeo Bardini
PURPOSE: The failure rate of laparoscopic anti-reflux surgery is approximately 10-20%. The aim of our prospective study was to investigate whether a modified Nissen fundoplication (MNF) can improve reflux symptoms and prevent surgical treatment failure in the midterm. METHODS: The MNF consisted of (1) suturing the esophagus to the diaphragmatic crura on each side using four non-absorbable stitches, (2) reinforcing clearly weak crura with a tailored Ultrapro mesh, and (3) fixing the upper stitch of the valve to the diaphragm...
March 17, 2018: Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery
Órla Gilheaney, Leo Fa Stassen, Margaret Walshe
PURPOSE: Temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) are caused by changes in the structure and/or function of the temporomandibular joint, masticatory muscles, and/or osseous components. TMDs can result in oral stage dysphagia (OD) with potential effects on function and patient well-being. Little is known about the prevalence, nature, and management of TMD-related OD. The aims of the present study were to estimate the prevalence and nature of OD in adult TMD patients and to identify the common management techniques used to manage the signs and symptoms of TMD-related OD...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Jan Friso Nast, Christoph Berliner, Thomas Rösch, Daniel von Renteln, Tania Noder, Guido Schachschal, Stefan Groth, Harald Ittrich, Jan F Kersten, Gerhard Adam, Yuki B Werner
BACKGROUND: The newly developed technique of peroral endoscopic myotomy (POEM) has been shown to be effective in several short- and mid-term studies. Limited information is available about the adequacy of immediate post-POEM monitoring tests. METHODS: POEM was performed under general anesthesia in 228 patients (59.6% male, mean age 45.6 ± 15.5 years). Post-procedural checks comprised clinical and laboratory examination, and, during post-procedure days 1-5, endoscopy and-in the first 114 cases-radiologic examination using water-soluble contrast (1st group); the remaining patients underwent post-procedure controls without radiology (2nd group)...
March 15, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
Shu-Ching Chen, Bing-Shen Huang, Chia-Yin Chung, Chien-Yu Lin, Kang-Hsing Fan, Joseph Tung-Chien Chang, Shu-Chen Wu
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of a swallowing exercise education program (SEEP) on swallowing ability, depression, and dysphagia-specific health-related quality of life (QOL) in oral cavity cancer (OCC) patients. METHODS: This was a prospective, randomized controlled study with two groups using a pre- and post-repeated measures design. A total of 76 participants were randomly assigned to an experimental group (n = 38) and a control group (n = 38)...
March 15, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
Michel Geffard, Arturo Mangas, Denis Bedat, Rafael Coveñas
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a neurodegenerative disease that currently has no cure. At present, the only approved treatment for ALS is Riluzole, a glutamate release blocker that improves life expectancy by 3-6 months. ALS-Endotherapia (GEMALS) is a novel therapeutic approach to treat ALS and the aim of the present study was to investigate the potential beneficial effects of this novel treatment. A total of 31 patients with ALS were assessed in the current study. Deceleration of the disease was observed in 83...
April 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Khoi Anh Nguyen, Truong Xuan Bui, Hue Van Nguyen, Richard O Wein
OBJECTIVE: The purposes of the study was to evaluate for the functional improvement of outcomes of patients undergoing surgical management for tongue cancer at varying periods after surgery. DESIGN: Case series with intervention. PARTICIPANTS: Thirty consecutive patients, from 2011 to 2015, with carcinoma of the tongue undergoing surgical resection and reconstruction with a radial forearm free flap. MAIN MEASURES: The Speech Intelligibility Test (SIT) is used for objective evaluation of speech function...
March 7, 2018: American Journal of Otolaryngology
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