keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

swallow

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330951/dynamic-musculoskeletal-functional-morphology-integrating-dicect-and-xromm
#1
Courtney P Orsbon, Nicholas J Gidmark, Callum F Ross
The tradeoff between force and velocity in skeletal muscle is a fundamental constraint on vertebrate musculoskeletal design (form:function relationships). Understanding how and why different lineages address this biomechanical problem is an important goal of vertebrate musculoskeletal functional morphology. Our ability to answer questions about the different solutions to this tradeoff has been significantly improved by recent advances in techniques for quantifying musculoskeletal morphology and movement. Herein, we have three objectives: (1) review the morphological and physiological parameters that affect muscle function and how these parameters interact; (2) discuss the necessity of integrating morphological and physiological lines of evidence to understand muscle function and the new, high resolution imaging technologies that do so; and (3) present a method that integrates high spatiotemporal resolution motion capture (XROMM, including its corollary fluoromicrometry), high resolution soft tissue imaging (diceCT), and electromyography to study musculoskeletal dynamics in vivo...
February 2018: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330776/second-hand-exposure-of-staff-administering-vaporised-cannabinoid-products-to-patients-in-a-hospital-setting
#2
Nadia Solowij, Peter Galettis, Samantha J Broyd, Peter de Krey, Jennifer H Martin
BACKGROUND: In many health settings, administration of medicinal cannabis poses significant implementation barriers including drug storage and safety for administering staff and surrounding patients. Different modes of administration also provide different yet potentially significant issues. One route that has become of clinical interest owing to the rapid onset of action and patient control of the inhaled amount (via breath timing and depth) is that of vaporisation of cannabinoid products...
January 12, 2018: Drugs in R&D
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330612/analysis-of-the-stomatognathic-system-of-children-according-orthodontic-treatment-needs
#3
Simone Cecílio Hallak Regalo, Bárbara de Lima Lucas, Kranya Victoria Díaz-Serrano, Nicolly Parente Ribeiro Frota, Isabela Hallak Regalo, Mariângela Salles Pereira Nassar, Mariah Acioli Righetti, Lígia Franco Oliveira, Lígia Maria Napolitano Gonçalves, Selma Siéssere, Marcelo Palinkas
PURPOSE: The present study evaluated electromyographic activity (EMG), masticatory performance, and tongue strength in children without and with orthodontic treatment needs. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 90 children were screened and divided into the following groups: Group I (no treatment needed; mean age: 8.00 ± 0.43 years; n = 26), Group II (few malocclusions, treatment needed; mean age: 8.89 ± 0.43 years; n = 28), and Group III (slight-to-borderline treatment needed; mean age: 8...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Orofacial Orthopedics, Fortschritte der Kieferorthopädie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330516/drinking-by-amphibious-fish-convergent-evolution-of-thirst-mechanisms-during-vertebrate-terrestrialization
#4
Yukitoshi Katayama, Tatsuya Sakamoto, Kazuhiro Saito, Hirotsugu Tsuchimochi, Hiroyuki Kaiya, Taro Watanabe, James T Pearson, Yoshio Takei
Thirst aroused in the forebrain by angiotensin II (AngII) or buccal drying motivates terrestrial vertebrates to search for water, whereas aquatic fish can drink surrounding water only by reflex swallowing generated in the hindbrain. Indeed, AngII induces drinking through the hindbrain even after removal of the whole forebrain in aquatic fish. Here we show that AngII induces thirst also in the amphibious mudskipper goby without direct action on the forebrain, but through buccal drying. Intracerebroventricular injection of AngII motivated mudskippers to move into water and drink as with tetrapods...
January 12, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329328/early-occurrence-of-inspiratory-muscle-weakness-in-parkinson-s-disease
#5
Guillaume Baille, Thierry Perez, David Devos, Valérie Deken, Luc Defebvre, Caroline Moreau
INTRODUCTION: In Parkinson's disease (PD), respiratory insufficiency (including functional and muscle disorders) can impact dysarthria and swallowing. Most studies of this topic have been performed retrospectively in populations of patients with advanced PD. The objective of the present study was to characterize lung function (under off-drug conditions) in early-stage PD patients at baseline and then again two years later. METHODS: Forty-one early-stage PD patients (mean ± SD age: 61...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327799/what-is-needed-to-prepare-speech-pathologists-to-work-in-adult-palliative-care
#6
Ashleigh Pascoe, Lauren J Breen, Naomi Cocks
BACKGROUND: Speech pathologists have a pivotal role in palliative care, assisting patients with swallowing and communication disorders, yet very little is known about the preparedness of speech pathologists to work in this field. AIMS: To investigate the preparedness of speech pathologists for working in palliative care. The term 'palliative care' was viewed as an encompassing umbrella term incorporating the management/reduction of symptoms and improvement in a person's quality of life at any point of the disease progression...
January 12, 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327682/analysis-of-implementiation-of-4th-head-and-neck-cancer-awareness-week-in-department-of-otolaryngology-in-mi%C3%A4-dzyleski-hospital-in-warsaw
#7
Karolina Dżaman, Karolina Piskadło-Zborowska, Mirosława Pietniczka-Załęska
INTRODUCTION: The aim of the study was to analyze the profile of patients applying for free preventive examinations within The Forth European Head an Neck Cancer (HNC) Awareness Week in the Department of Otorhynolaryngology in Międzyleski Hospital in Warsaw (ORL MSS). MATERIAL AND METHODS: A media campaign was designed to inform HNC risk patients about the opportunity to receive free preventive examinations in ORL MSS. 225 patients were enrolled to the study. Patient age ranged from 26 to 92 (average 63 years)...
August 31, 2017: Otolaryngologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327499/five-year-outcome-of-endoscopic-laser-cricopharyngeal-myotomy-our-experience-in-10-patients
#8
J H Bird, E Warner, R Corbridge
Cricopharyngeal spasm is a failure of the cricopharyngeus muscle to relax and can be a cause of dysphagia. Endoscopic laser cricopharyngeal myotomy with mucosal repair is associated with reduced operative times, inpatient stay and lower morbidity with favourable subjective short-term outcomes, although long-term outcomes are less well known. In our cohort of patients, the majority had a subjectively improved swallow in the long-term although some did have regression of symptoms but remained better than pre-operatively...
January 11, 2018: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325526/aortoesophageal-fistula-and-arch-pseudoaneurysm-after-removing-of-a-swallowed-chicken-bone-a-case-report-of-one-stage-hybrid-treatment
#9
Jia-Yu Shen, Hong-Wei Zhang, Kang-Jun Fan, Hu Liao, Er-Yong Zhang, Jia Hu
BACKGROUND: Aortoesophageal fistula (AEF) and arch pseudoaneurysm are rare complications induced by a foreign body, and considerable controversy remains regarding the appropriate management strategies. We herein report a successful one-stage hybrid treatment in a patient with AEF and arch pseudoaneurysm. CASE PRESENTATION: The patient, a 40-year-old man, presented to the emergency room because of intense retrosternal discomfort for 3 days and hematemesis for 3 h...
January 11, 2018: BMC Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324559/nurse-experiences-of-medication-administration-to-people-with-swallowing-difficulties-living-in-aged-care-facilities-a-systematic-review-of-qualitative-evidence
#10
Aida Sefidani Forough, Simon Y M Wong, Esther T L Lau, Jose Manuel Serrano Santos, Greg J Kyle, Kathryn J Steadman, Julie A Y Cichero, Lisa M Nissen
OBJECTIVE: To identify nurses' experiences of administering oral medications to residents of aged care facilities (ACFs) with swallowing difficulties. INTRODUCTION: Administering medicines to older people with swallowing difficulties is a challenging task. Nurses frequently modify oral medications e.g. by crushing/splitting tablets or opening capsules, to facilitate the administration process. These practices are associated with an increased risk of medication administration errors...
January 2018: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322878/mechanical-cellular-and-proteomic-properties-of-laryngotracheal-cartilage
#11
Christine M Pauken, Richard Heyes, David G Lott
The larynx sometimes requires repair and reconstruction due to cancer resection, trauma, stenosis, or developmental disruptions. Bioengineering has provided some scaffolding materials and initial attempts at tissue engineering, especially of the trachea, have been made. The critical issues of providing protection, maintaining a patent airway, and controlling swallowing and phonation, require that the regenerated laryngotracheal cartilages must have mechanical and material properties that closely mimic native tissue...
January 1, 2018: Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322591/inter-rater-agreement-of-novel-high-resolution-impedance-manometry-metrics-bolus-flow-time-and-esophageal-impedance-integral-ratio
#12
D A Carlson, Z Lin, W Kou, J E Pandolfino
BACKGROUND: Novel high-resolution impedance manometry (HRIM) metrics of bolus flow time (BFT) and esophageal impedance integral (EII) ratio have demonstrated clinical utility, though the reliability of their analysis has not been assessed. We aimed to evaluate the inter-rater agreement of the BFT and EII ratio. METHODS: HRIM studies including five upright, liquid swallows from 40 adult patients were analyzed by two raters using a customized MATLAB program to generate the BFT and EII ratio...
January 11, 2018: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320883/the-prevalence-of-oral-stage-dysphagia-in-adults-presenting-with-temporomandibular-disorders-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
Órla Gilheaney, Sibylle Béchet, Patrick Kerr, Ciaran Kenny, Shauna Smith, Rita Kouider, Rachel Kidd, Margaret Walshe
OBJECTIVE: Temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) are the most commonly experienced non-dental orofacial pain disorders, with pain and dysfunction potentially resulting in oral stage dysphagia (OD). However, limited research has been conducted on this condition, with potential negative effects on clinical practice. Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of OD in adults presenting with TMDs, diagnosed as per the Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders or the Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders protocols...
January 11, 2018: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320791/-what-to-do-when-a-child-is-choking
#14
Jost Kaufmann, Michael Laschat, Frank Wappler
Both ingestion and aspiration of foreign bodies are common events in children. If a child had something in his mouth and thereafter respiratory or swallowing complaints occur, both aspiration and ingestion are possible causes. Both events can be immediately life threatening or, if a direct threat is absent, cause significant long-term impairments for the children. Therefore, the identification of any possible threat is essential. This paper identifies the diagnostic and therapeutic options and needs that will ensure the best possible safety and the least possible consequential harm...
January 2018: Anästhesiologie, Intensivmedizin, Notfallmedizin, Schmerztherapie: AINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319716/screening-protocol-for-dysphagia-in-adults-comparison-with-videofluoroscopic-findings
#15
Fernanda C Sassi, Gisele C Medeiros, Bruno Zilberstein, Shri Krishna Jayanthi, Claudia R F de Andrade
OBJECTIVES: To compare the videofluoroscopic findings of patients with suspected oropharyngeal dysphagia with the results of a clinical screening protocol. METHODS: A retrospective observational cohort study was conducted on all consecutive patients with suspected oropharyngeal dysphagia between March 2015 and February 2016 who were assigned to receive a videofluoroscopic assessment of swallowing. All patients were first submitted to videofluoroscopy and then to the clinical assessment of swallowing...
December 2017: Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318323/-correction-to-the-physiologic-and-the-pathologic-swallowing-process
#16
S Cantemir
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 9, 2018: HNO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314040/esophagram-findings-in-cervical-esophageal-stenosis-a-case-controlled-quantitative-analysis
#17
Jacob West, Cherine H Kim, Zachary Reichert, Priya Krishna, Brianna K Crawley, Jared C Inman
OBJECTIVE: Cervical esophageal stenosis is often diagnosed with a qualitative evaluation of a barium esophagram. Although the esophagram is frequently the initial screening exam for dysphagia, a clear objective standard for stenosis has not been defined. In this study, we measured esophagram diameters in order to establish a quantitative standard for defining cervical esophageal stenosis that requires surgical intervention. STUDY DESIGN: Single institution case-control study...
January 4, 2018: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311457/-intestinal-microbiota-in-migrating-barn-swallows-around-osaka
#18
Takehiko Kenzaka, Kenji Kataoka, Takashi Fujimitsu, Katsuji Tani
 Migratory birds are considered as vectors of infectious diseases, owing to their potential for transmitting pathogens over large distances. The populations of barn swallow (Hirundo rustica) migrate from Southeast Asia to the Japanese mainland during spring and migrate back to Southeast Asia during autumn. This migratory population is estimated to comprise approximately hundreds to thousands of individuals per year. However, to date, not much is known about the gastrointestinal microbiota of the barn swallow...
2018: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311314/influence-of-anterior-midcingulate-cortex-on-drinking-behavior-during-thirst-and-following-satiation
#19
Pascal Saker, Michael J Farrell, Gary F Egan, Michael J McKinley, Derek A Denton
In humans, activity in the anterior midcingulate cortex (aMCC) is associated with both subjective thirst and swallowing. This region is therefore likely to play a prominent role in the regulation of drinking in response to dehydration. Using functional MRI, we investigated this possibility during a period of "drinking behavior" represented by a conjunction of preswallow and swallowing events. These events were examined in the context of a thirsty condition and an "oversated" condition, the latter induced by compliant ingestion of excess fluid...
January 8, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310829/-sugammadex-by-ideal-body-weight-versus-20-and-40-corrected-weight-in-bariatric-surgery-double-blind-randomized-clinical-trial
#20
Nádia Maria da Conceição Duarte, Ana Maria Menezes Caetano, Silvio da Silva Caldas Neto, Getúlio Rodrigues de Oliveira Filho, Gustavo de Oliveira Arouca, Josemberg Marins Campos
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The weight parameters for use of sugammadex in morbidly obese patients still need to be defined. METHODS: A prospective clinical trial was conducted with sixty participants with body mass index≥40kg·m-2 during bariatric surgery, randomized into three groups: ideal weight (IW), 20% corrected body weight (CW20) and 40% corrected body weight (CW40). All patients received total intravenous anesthesia. Rocuronium was administered at dose of 0...
January 5, 2018: Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
keyword
keyword
82057
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"