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IL-33 intestine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921309/hypoxia-inducible-factor-1%C3%AE-induced-interleukin-33-expression-in-intestinal-epithelia-contributes-to-mucosal-homeostasis-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#1
M Sun, C He, W Wu, G Zhou, F Liu, Y Cong, Z Liu
Intestinal epithelial cells (IECs), an important barrier to gut microbiota, are subject to low oxygen tension, particularly during intestinal inflammation. Hypoxia inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) is expressed highly in the inflamed mucosa of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and functions as a key regulator in maintenance of intestinal homeostasis. However, how IEC-derived HIF-1α regulates intestinal immune responses in IBD is still not understood completely. We report here that the expression of HIF-1α and IL-33 was increased significantly in the inflamed mucosa of IBD patients as well as mice with colitis induced by dextran sulphate sodium (DSS)...
November 7, 2016: Clinical and Experimental Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909880/il-9-producing-cells-in-the-development-of-ige-mediated-food-allergy
#2
REVIEW
Dana Shik, Sunil Tomar, Jee-Boong Lee, Chun-Yu Chen, Andrew Smith, Yui-Hsi Wang
Food allergy is a harmful immune reaction driven by uncontrolled type 2 immune responses. Considerable evidence demonstrates the key roles of mast cells, IgE, and TH2 cytokines in mediating food allergy. However, this evidence provides limited insight into why only some, rather than all, food allergic individuals are prone to develop life-threatening anaphylaxis. Clinical observations suggest that patients sensitized to food through the skin early in life may later develop severe food allergies. Aberrant epidermal thymic stromal lymphopoietin and interleukin (IL) 33 production and genetic predisposition can initiate an allergic immune response mediated by dendritic cells and CD4(+)TH2 cells in inflamed skin...
December 1, 2016: Seminars in Immunopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867687/a20-inhibits-lipopolysaccharide-induced-inflammation-in-enterocytes
#3
Cui-Fang Zheng, Jie-Ru Shi, Ying Huang, Sheng-Nan Wang
AIM: To examine the role of A20 in the regulation of intestinal epithelial cells (IECs) inflammation. METHODS: Using gene transfection, both stable overexpression and knockdown A20-expressed HT-29 cell lines were established. Accordingly, the cells were divided into the following groups: The control group, the A20 overexpression group, the A20 knockdown group and the respective controls. A20 was stimulated with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in a dose- and time-dependent manner and was detected using western blotting and real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) analyses...
November 6, 2016: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864150/effect-of-malondialdehyde-on-the-ovalbumin-structure-and-its-interactions-with-t84-epithelial-cells
#4
Jasna Nikolić, Andrijana Nešić, Milena Čavić, Neda Đorđević, Uroš Anđelković, Marina Atanasković-Marković, Branko Drakulić, Marija Gavrović-Jankulović
BACKGROUND: Protein oxidation can occur as a consequence of lipid peroxidation during food processing. The aim of this work was to explore the effect of malondialdehyde (MDA) modification of ovalbumin (OVA) on its interaction with T84 intestinal cells. METHODS: Molecular dynamics simulation was employed for the prediction of MDA modification in the OVA, while introduced structural changes were evaluated by measurement of carbonyl group content, fluorescence spectra, MS/MS analysis, and IgE reactivity...
November 15, 2016: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861815/intestinal-helminth-infection-induces-highly-functional-resident-memory-cd4-t-cells-in-mice
#5
Svenja Steinfelder, Sebastian Rausch, Dörte Michael, Anja A Kühl, Susanne Hartmann
Immunity to intestinal nematodes requires CD4⁺ Th2-cell responses, including IL-4 and IL-13 production. Chronic infection with intestinal nematodes leads to downregulation of these responses, and few functional T helper (Th) 2 cells are detected in secondary lymphoid organs in the chronic phase or after abrogation of infection. Here, we show with a natural murine infection with Heligmosomoides polygyrus that highly functional memory Th2 cells persist in the lamina propria and in addition in the peritoneal cavity (PC) after abrogation of infection...
November 10, 2016: European Journal of Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853507/developing-food-allergy-a-potential-immunologic-pathway-linking-skin-barrier-to-gut
#6
REVIEW
Yui-Hsi Wang
Immunoglobulin E (IgE)-mediated food allergy is an adverse reaction to foods and is driven by uncontrolled type-2 immune responses. Current knowledge cannot explain why only some individuals among those with food allergy are prone to develop life-threatening anaphylaxis. It is increasingly evident that the immunologic mechanisms involved in developing IgE-mediated food allergy are far more complex than allergic sensitization. Clinical observations suggest that patients who develop severe allergic reactions to food are often sensitized through the skin in early infancy...
2016: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27782068/the-anti-inflammatory-effect-of-spray-dried-plasma-is-mediated-by-a-reduction-in-mucosal-lymphocyte-activation-and-infiltration-in-a-mouse-model-of-intestinal-inflammation
#7
Anna Pérez-Bosque, Lluïsa Miró, Concepció Amat, Javier Polo, Miquel Moretó
Spray-dried preparations from porcine and bovine plasma can alleviate mucosal inflammation in experimental models and improve symptoms in patients with enteropathy. In rodents, dietary supplementation with porcine spray-dried plasma (SDP) attenuates intestinal inflammation and improves the epithelial barrier function during intestinal inflammation induced by Staphylococcus aureus enterotoxin B (SEB). The aim of this study was to discern the molecular mechanisms involved in the anti-inflammatory effects of SDP...
October 22, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27775548/il-33-regulates-the-iga-microbiota-axis-to-restrain-il-1%C3%AE-dependent-colitis-and-tumorigenesis
#8
Ankit Malik, Deepika Sharma, Qifan Zhu, Rajendra Karki, Clifford S Guy, Peter Vogel, Thirumala-Devi Kanneganti
Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) affect over 5 million individuals in the industrialized world, with an increasing incidence rate worldwide. IBD also predisposes affected individuals to development of colorectal cancer, which is a leading cause of cancer-related deaths in adults. Mutations in genes encoding molecules in the IL-33 signaling pathway are associated with colitis and colitis-associated cancer (CAC), but how IL-33 modulates gut homeostasis is unclear. Here, we have shown that Il33-deficient mice are highly susceptible to colitis and CAC...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27748438/loss-of-interleukin-33-expression-in-colonic-crypts-a-potential-marker-for-disease-remission-in-ulcerative-colitis
#9
Mona Dixon Gundersen, Rasmus Goll, Johanna Hol, Trine Olsen, Renathe Rismo, Sveinung W Sørbye, Olav Sundnes, Guttorm Haraldsen, Jon Florholmen
Interleukin 33 (IL-33) is a cytokine preferentially elevated in acute ulcerative colitis (UC), inferring a role in its pathogenesis. The role of IL-33 in intestinal inflammation is incompletely understood, with both pro-inflammatory and regulatory properties described. There are also conflicting reports on cellular sources and subcellular location of IL-33 in the colonic mucosa, justifying a closer look at IL-33 expression in well-defined clinical stages of UC. A total of 50 study participants (29 UC patients and 21 healthy controls) were included from a prospective cohort of inflammatory bowel disease patients treated to disease remission with infliximab, a tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNF) inhibitor...
October 17, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27673380/cytokines-and-intestinal-inflammation
#10
Giorgos Bamias, Fabio Cominelli
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Cytokines of the intestinal microenvironment largely dictate immunological responses after mucosal insults and the dominance of homeostatic or proinflammatory pathways. This review presents important recent studies on the role of specific cytokines in the pathogenesis of intestinal inflammation. RECENT FINDINGS: The particular mucosal effects of cytokines depend on their inherent properties but also the cellular origin, type of stimulatory antigens, intermolecular interactions, and the particular immunological milieu...
November 2016: Current Opinion in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27593865/efficacy-and-safety-of-infliximab-therapy-and-predictors-of-response-in-korean-patients-with-crohn-s-disease-a-nationwide-multicenter-study
#11
Chang Hwan Choi, In Do Song, Young Ho Kim, Ja Seol Koo, You Sun Kim, Joo Sung Kim, Nayoung Kim, Eun Soo Kim, Jae Hak Kim, Ji Won Kim, Tae Oh Kim, Hyun Soo Kim, Hyo Jong Kim, Young Sook Park, Dong Il Park, Soo Jung Park, Hyun Joo Song, Sung Jae Shin, Suk Kyun Yang, Byong Duk Ye, Kang Moon Lee, Bo In Lee, Sun Young Lee, Chang Kyun Lee, Jong Pil Im, Byung Ik Jang, Tae Joo Jeon, Yu Kyung Cho, Sae Kyung Chang, Seong Ran Jeon, Sung Ae Jung, Yoon Tae Jeen, Jae Myung Cha, Dong Soo Han, Won Ho Kim
PURPOSE: Infliximab is currently used for the treatment of active Crohn's disease (CD). We aimed to assess the efficacy and safety of infliximab therapy and to determine the predictors of response in Korean patients with CD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 317 patients who received at least one infliximab infusion for active luminal CD (n=198) and fistulizing CD (n=86) or both (n=33) were reviewed retrospectively in 29 Korean referral centers. Clinical outcomes of induction and maintenance therapy with infliximab, predictors of response, and adverse events were evaluated...
November 2016: Yonsei Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27590709/irinotecan-and-5-fluorouracil-induced-intestinal-mucositis-insights-into-pathogenesis-and-therapeutic-perspectives
#12
Ronaldo A Ribeiro, Carlos W S Wanderley, Deysi V T Wong, José Maurício S C Mota, Caio A V G Leite, Marcellus H L P Souza, Fernando Q Cunha, Roberto C P Lima-Júnior
PURPOSE: Intestinal mucositis and diarrhea are common manifestations of anticancer regimens that include irinotecan, 5-fluorouracil (5-FU), and other cytotoxic drugs. These side effects negatively impact therapeutic outcomes and delay subsequent cycles of chemotherapy, resulting in dose reductions and treatment discontinuation. Here, we aimed to review the experimental evidence regarding possible new targets for the management of irinotecan- and 5-FU-related intestinal mucositis. METHODS: A literature search was performed using the PubMed and MEDLINE databases...
September 2, 2016: Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27565556/soluble-st2-is-a-sensitive-clinical-marker-of-ulcerative-colitis-evolution
#13
David Díaz-Jiménez, Marjorie De la Fuente, Karen Dubois-Camacho, Glauben Landskron, Janitza Fuentes, Tamara Pérez, María Julieta González, Daniela Simian, Marcela A Hermoso, Rodrigo Quera
BACKGROUND: The ST2/IL-33 pathway has been related to ulcerative colitis (UC), and soluble ST2 (sST2), to disease severity. We tested the potential usefulness of sST2 as a predictive marker of treatment response and patients' outcome. METHODS: Twenty-six patients with active UC were prospectively recruited and grouped according to an endoscopic score and therapy response. Colonoscopic biopsies were collected at baseline and 6 months or when patients showed clinical activity...
2016: BMC Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27411459/effect-of-candida-albicans-on-intestinal-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-in-rats
#14
Lei Yan, Chun-Rong Wu, Chen Wang, Chun-Hui Yang, Guang-Zhi Tong, Jian-Guo Tang
BACKGROUND: Inflammation is supposed to play a key role in the pathophysiological processes of intestinal ischemia-reperfusion injury (IIRI), and Candida albicans in human gut commonly elevates inflammatory cytokines in intestinal mucosa. This study aimed to explore the effect of C. albicans on IIRI. METHODS: Fifty female Wistar rats were divided into five groups according to the status of C. albicans infection and IIRI operation: group blank and sham; group blank and IIRI; group cefoperazone plus IIRI; group C...
July 20, 2016: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27300306/epidermal-growth-factor-is-a-critical-regulator-of-the-cytokine-il-33-in-intestinal-epithelial-cells
#15
M S Islam, K Horiguchi, S Iino, N Kaji, S Mikawa, M Hori, H Ozaki
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: IL-33 is a novel cytokine that is believed to be involved in inflammation and carcinogenesis. However, its source, its production and its secretion process remain unclear. Recently, we have reported that IL-33 is up-regulated in dextran sulfate sodium (DSS) colitis in mice. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH: Production of IL-33 from intestinal tissue was studied in a murine cancer model induced by azoxymethane (AOM) and DSS in vivo and in cultures of IEC-6 epithelial cells...
August 2016: British Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27256567/effects-of-alcohol-withdrawal-on-monocyte-subset-defects-in-chronic-alcohol-users
#16
Hélène Donnadieu-Rigole, Thibault Mura, Pierre Portales, Isabelle Duroux-Richard, Martine Bouthier, Jean-François Eliaou, Pascal Perney, Florence Apparailly
Excessive alcohol consumption has a modulating effect on immune functions that may contribute to decreased immunity and host defense. It is associated with increased intestinal permeability to endotoxins that is normalized after 14 d of abstinence. Whether and how blood monocyte subsets are impaired in patients with an AUD and what their evolution is after alcohol withdrawal are the paper's objectives. With the use of flow cytometry, blood monocyte subsets were quantified in AUDs before (n = 40) and 2 wk after (n = 33) alcohol withdrawal and compared with HC donors (n = 20)...
June 2, 2016: Journal of Leukocyte Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27197456/-experimental-studies-for-botulinum-toxin-type-a-to-antagonist-the-vip-pacap-expression-on-nasal-mucosa-in-allergic-rhinitis-rat
#17
Li Liu, Binru Wang, Gengtian Liang, Ling Lu, Liping Yang
OBJECTIVE: To explore the expression and significance of vasoactive intestinal peptide and Pituitary adenylate cyclase activiting polypeptide (VIP/PACAP) of nasal mucosa in rats with allergic rhinitis (AR), and the function of botulinum toxin-A(BTX-A) to inhibit the expression of VIP/PACAP in AR. METHOD: Thirty Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into 3 groups, which were the AR group, the intervention group, and the control group. In the AR group, ovalbumin was used to sensitize healthy rats...
January 2016: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27188485/-effects-of-extracellular-heat-shock-protein-70-on-intestinal-immune-function-of-rats-with-severe-scald-injury
#18
Hong'ao Deng, Hongyan Zhang, Linpeng Xiong, Yan Peng
OBJECTIVE: To explore the change in the expression of extracellular heat shock protein 70 (eHSP70) and interleukin 2 (IL-2) and their correlation in intestine of rats with severe scald injury, and to observe the effects of eHSP70 on CD3(+) T lymphocytes in Peyer's patch of intestine in rats with severe scald injury in vitro. METHODS: (1) Sixty male SD rats were divided into normal control group (NC, n=10, only anesthetized) and scald group (S, n=50) according to the random number table...
May 2016: Zhonghua Shao Shang za Zhi, Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Burns
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27185300/type-i-collagen-and-its-daughter-peptides-for-targeting-mucosal-healing-in-ulcerative-colitis-a-new-treatment-strategy
#19
Satiesh Kumar Ramadass, Sugin Lal Jabaris, Ramesh Kannan Perumal, Villianur Ibrahim HairulIslam, Arun Gopinath, Balaraman Madhan
Ulcerative colitis, particularly the chronic persistent form is characterized by the presence of active inflammation and extensive areas of ulceration in the colonic mucosa. The existing treatment protocol aims at only reducing intestinal inflammation, rather than targeting mucosal ulceration. In this study, type I collagen and its daughter peptides called collagen hydrolysate, highly popular reconstructive materials for tissue engineering applications, are hypothesized as healing matrices to target the recuperation of internal mucosal ulceration...
August 25, 2016: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27184849/programming-of-intestinal-epithelial-differentiation-by-il-33-derived-from-pericryptal-fibroblasts-in-response-to-systemic-infection
#20
Mousumi Mahapatro, Sebastian Foersch, Manuela Hefele, Gui-Wei He, Elisa Giner-Ventura, Tamar Mchedlidze, Markus Kindermann, Stefania Vetrano, Silvio Danese, Claudia Günther, Markus F Neurath, Stefan Wirtz, Christoph Becker
The intestinal epithelium constitutes an efficient barrier against the microbial flora. Here, we demonstrate an unexpected function of IL-33 as a regulator of epithelial barrier functions. Mice lacking IL-33 showed decreased Paneth cell numbers and lethal systemic infection in response to Salmonella typhimurium. IL-33 was produced upon microbial challenge by a distinct population of pericryptal fibroblasts neighboring the intestinal stem cell niche. IL-33 programmed the differentiation of epithelial progenitors toward secretory IEC including Paneth and goblet cells...
May 24, 2016: Cell Reports
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