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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933282/myocardial-perfusion-scintigraphy-dosimetry-optimal-use-of-spect-and-spect-ct-technologies-in-stress-first-imaging-protocol
#1
REVIEW
M Lecchi, S Malaspina, C Scabbio, V Gaudieri, A Del Sole
PURPOSE: Over the past decade, nuclear medicine experts have been seeking to minimize patient exposure to radiation in myocardial perfusion scintigraphy (MPS). This review describes the latest technological innovations in MPS, particularly with regard to dose reduction. METHODS: We searched in PubMed for original clinical papers in English, published after 2008, using the following research criteria: (dose) and ((reduction) or (reducing)) and ((myocardial) or (cardiac) or (heart)) and ((nuclear medicine) or (nuclear imaging) or (radionuclide) or (scintigraphy) or (SPET) or (SPECT))...
2016: Clinical and Translational Imaging: Reviews in Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933136/critical-analysis-of-the-literature-investigating-urogenital-function-preservation-following-robotic-rectal-cancer-surgery
#2
Sofoklis Panteleimonitis, Jamil Ahmed, Mick Harper, Amjad Parvaiz
AIM: To analyses the current literature regarding the urogenital functional outcomes of patients receiving robotic rectal cancer surgery. METHODS: A comprehensive literature search of electronic databases was performed in October 2015. The following search terms were applied: "rectal cancer" or "colorectal cancer" and robot* or "da Vinci" and sexual or urolog* or urinary or erect* or ejaculat* or impot* or incontinence. All original studies examining the urological and/or sexual outcomes of male and/or female patients receiving robotic rectal cancer surgery were included...
November 27, 2016: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933018/a-study-of-the-coupling-of-fet-temperament-traits-with-major-depression
#3
Irina N Trofimova, William Sulis
Objective: Temperament and mental illness have been linked to the same systems of behavioral regulation. A temperament model, carefully structured to respond to subtle differences within systems of behavior regulation, should exhibit distinct temperament patterns in the presence of mental illness. Previous comparisons of temperament profiles in mental disorders used mostly emotionality-related traits. In contrast, the Functional Ensemble of Temperament (FET) model differentiates not only between emotionality traits, but also between traits related to physical, verbal, and mental aspects of behavior and maps 12 functional aspects of behavior to temperament traits as well as to symptoms of mental illnesses...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932872/randomized-controlled-trials-and-real-world-observational-studies-in-evaluating-cardiovascular-safety-of-inhaled-bronchodilator-therapy-in-copd
#4
Peter Kardos, Sally Worsley, Dave Singh, Miguel Román-Rodríguez, David E Newby, Hana Müllerová
Long-acting muscarinic antagonist (LAMA) or long-acting β2-agonist (LABA) bronchodilators and their combination are recommended for the maintenance treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Although the efficacy of LAMAs and LABAs has been well established through randomized controlled trials (RCTs), questions remain regarding their cardiovascular (CV) safety. Furthermore, while the safety of LAMA and LABA monotherapy has been extensively studied, data are lacking for LAMA/LABA combination therapy, and the majority of the studies that have reported on the CV safety of LAMA/LABA combination therapy were not specifically designed to assess this...
2016: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932844/what-factors-influence-patient-compliance-with-supportive-periodontal-therapy-in-a-general-practice-setting
#5
C Perrell-Jones, R S Ireland
Background The importance of supportive periodontal therapy following active treatment has been well documented but numerous studies have shown patient compliance to be poor. The aim of this study was to ascertain which factors affect patient compliance and whether this included routinely recorded periodontal indices.Methodology This was a five-year retrospective service evaluation study set within a private general dental practice. It utilised demographic and periodontal data from patients who attended the practice for chronic periodontal treatment in 2009 and ascertained whether there were links between this data and compliance with the supportive phase of periodontal treatment...
December 9, 2016: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932406/diagnostic-concordance-between-skeletal-cephalometrics-radiograph-based-soft-tissue-cephalometrics-and-photograph-based-soft-tissue-cephalometrics
#6
Riccardo Nucera, Antonino Lo Giudice, Mirea Bellocchio, Paola Spinuzza, Alberto Caprioglio, Giancarlo Cordasco
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to investigate the diagnostic concordance between skeletal cephalometrics and soft-tissue cephalometrics in identifying facial lower third characteristics. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We compared a skeletal cephalometric analysis (SCA) to a soft-tissue analysis performed on cephalometric radiographs (rSTCA) and to one performed on profile photograph (pSTCA). Ninety-six pre-treatment digital lateral cephalometric radiographs and 96 digital profile photographs were randomly selected for this study (patients' mean age: 18...
December 8, 2016: European Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932303/one-sample-one-shot-evaluation-of-sample-preparation-protocols-for-the-mass-spectrometric-proteome-analysis-of-human-bile-fluid-without-extensive-fractionation
#7
Dominik A Megger, Juliet Padden, Kristin Rosowski, Julian Uszkoreit, Thilo Bracht, Martin Eisenacher, Christian Gerges, Horst Neuhaus, Brigitte Schumacher, Jörg F Schlaak, Barbara Sitek
: The proteome analysis of bile fluid represents a promising strategy to identify biomarker candidates for various diseases of the hepatobiliary system. However, to obtain substantive results in biomarker discovery studies large patient cohorts necessarily need to be analyzed. Consequently, this would lead to an unmanageable number of samples to be analyzed if sample preparation protocols with extensive fractionation methods are applied. Hence, the performance of simple workflows allowing for "one sample, one shot" experiments have been evaluated in this study...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932265/ottawa-panel-evidence-based-clinical-practice-guidelines-for-structured-physical-activity-in-the-management-of-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis
#8
REVIEW
Sabrina Cavallo, Lucie Brosseau, Karine Toupin-April, George A Wells, Christine A M Smith, Arlanna G Pugh, Jennifer Stinson, Roanne Thomas, Sara Ahmed, Ciarán M Duffy, Prinon Rahman, Inmaculada C Àlvarez-Gallardo, Laurianne Loew, Gino De Angelis, Debbie Ehrmann Feldman, Annette Majnemer, Isabelle J Gagnon, Désirée Maltais, Marie-Ève Mathieu, Glen P Kenny, Susan Tupper, Kristi Whitney-Mahoney, Sarah Bigford
OBJECTIVE: To create guidelines focused on the use of structured physical activity (PA) in the management of juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). DATA SOURCES: A systematic literature search was conducted using the electronic databases Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Medline (Ovid), EMBASE (Ovid), and Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro) for all studies related to PA programs for JIA from January 1966 until December 2014, and was updated in May 2015...
December 5, 2016: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932119/oncological-evaluation-by-positron-emission-tomography-circulating-tumor-cells-and-alpha-fetoprotein-in-patients-with-hepatocellular-carcinoma-on-the-waiting-list-for-liver-transplantation
#9
P Ramirez, L Sáenz, P A Cascales-Campos, M R González Sánchez, E Llàcer-Millán, M I Sánchez-Lorencio, E Díaz-Rubio, V De La Orden, B Mediero-Valeros, J L Navarro, B Revilla Nuin, A Baroja-Mazo, J A Noguera-Velasco, B F Sánchez, J de la Peña, J A Pons-Miñano, F Sánchez-Bueno, R Robles-Campos, P Parrilla
INTRODUCTION: The objectives of this study are the determination of the number of circulating tumor cells (CTCs), by means of the IsoFlux enrichment system (Fluxion Biosciences Inc, San Francisco, California, United States) in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in compliance with the Milan criteria and on the waiting list for hepatic transplantation, as well as the study of its relation with the of α-fetoprotein levels (AFP) and positron-emission tomography-computed tomography (PET-CT) findings...
November 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932093/midterm-results-of-renal-transplantation-from-controlled-cardiac-death-donors-are-similar-to-those-from-brain-death-donors
#10
O Lafuente, B Sánchez-Sobrino, M Pérez, P López-Sánchez, D Janeiro, E Rubio, A Huerta, M Marques, M R Llópez-Carratala, J J Rubio, J Portolés
BACKGROUND: The systematic use of grafts from controlled donors after cardiac death (cDCD) started in our country in 2012 and expanded with the strategic support of National Transplant Organization. We present our experience in kidney transplantation with organs from cDCD donors with a mean follow-up of 3 years. METHODS: Observational prospective study of all transplants performed in our center in 2012-2013 followed to 2016. The immunosuppression protocols were triple therapy for low-risk recipients from a standard brain death donor (DBD), adding basiliximab or thymoglobulin induction for extended-criteria donor or high-risk recipient, respectively, and thymoglobulin induction plus triple therapy for all cDCD recipients...
November 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932052/factors-associated-with-parents-attitudes-to-the-hpv-vaccination-of-their-adolescent-sons
#11
REVIEW
Gorjana Radisic, Janine Chapman, Ingrid Flight, Carlene Wilson
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to identify factors associated with human papilloma virus (HPV) vaccine acceptability in parents of adolescent boys. This information is critical to the development of approaches to optimise HPV vaccine uptake among this population group. METHODS: We performed a systematic search of the literature in addressing factors influencing parental attitudes to and beliefs about HPV vaccine and its acceptability for use. The findings were organised within the framework of the Health Belief Model (HBM) and summarised using a semi quantitative method...
December 5, 2016: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931929/a-tool-to-support-the-identification-of-suspect-cases-of-exotic-diseases-in-cattle
#12
Mathilde Ginhoux, Eric Morignat, Anne Bronner, Didier Calavas
Maintaining vigilance with regard to the introduction of exotic diseases is a challenge, particularly because these diseases are numerous, some are not well known, and they are not immediately suspected by people in day-to-day practice, specifically veterinary practitioners. The objective of this article is to present a tool to support the identification of suspect cases of exotic diseases in cattle, based on a Bayesian approach. A list of 22 exotic diseases in mainland France was selected mainly on the basis of their potential consequences if introduced, and the ability to detect them on a clinical basis...
December 1, 2016: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931691/risk-assessment-of-hepatotoxicity-among-tuberculosis-and-human-immunodeficiency-virus-aids-coinfected-patients-under-tuberculosis-treatment
#13
Williams Ngouleun, Prosper Cabral Biapa Nya, Anatole Constant Pieme, Phelix Bruno Telefo
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis (TB) is a worldwide public health problem. It is a contagious and grave disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Current drugs such as isoniazid, pyrazinamide, and rifampicin used for the treatment of tuberculosis are potentially hepatotoxic and can lead to drug hepatitis. In order to improve the follow-up of TB patients in Cameroon, we carried out a study which aimed to evaluate the hepatotoxicity risk factors associated with anti-TB drugs. METHODS: The studies were performed on 75 participants who had visited the Loum District Hospital located in the littoral region of Cameroon for their routine consultation...
December 2016: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931077/antibiotics-for-the-neurological-complications-of-lyme-disease
#14
REVIEW
Diego Cadavid, Paul G Auwaerter, Jeffrey Rumbaugh, Harald Gelderblom
BACKGROUND: Various central nervous system-penetrant antibiotics are bactericidal in vitro and in vivo against the causative agent of Lyme neuroborreliosis (LNB), Borrelia burgdorferi. These antibiotics are routinely used clinically to treat LNB, but their relative efficacy is not clear. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of antibiotics for the treatment of LNB. SEARCH METHODS: On 25 October 2016 we searched the Cochrane Neuromuscular Specialised Register, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), MEDLINE, and Embase...
December 9, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931020/long-term-clinical-course-after-conservative-and-endoscopic-treatment-of-colonic-diverticular-bleeding
#15
Akira Mizuki, Masayuki Tatemichi, Atsushi Nakazawa, Nobuhiro Tsukada, Hiroshi Nagata, Takanori Kanai
BACKGROUND/AIM: What naturally happens to patients after they undergo conservative and endoscopic treatment of colonic diverticular bleeding (CDB) is largely unknown. We retrospectively track the long-term outcome of the recurrence of CDB between patients with endoscopic and conservative treatment. METHODS: The group was divided into 2 groups: patients treated with injection and/or clipping (endoscopic group) and patients in whom such treatment could not be performed (conservative group)...
December 9, 2016: Digestion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930952/prevalence-and-psychosocial-correlates-of-food-addiction-in-persons-with-obesity-seeking-weight-reduction
#16
Ariana M Chao, Jena A Shaw, Rebecca L Pearl, Naji Alamuddin, Christina M Hopkins, Zayna M Bakizada, Robert I Berkowitz, Thomas A Wadden
INTRODUCTION: Food addiction is a controversial concept. The potential influence of food addiction on patients' psychosocial functioning and well-being has not been well established. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships between psychosocial functioning (depressive symptoms and health-related quality of life [HRQOL]) and food addiction as measured by the Yale Food Addiction Scale (YFAS). We also explored whether food addiction contributed additional variance in explaining psychosocial functioning, beyond demographic and clinical factors (e...
November 23, 2016: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930857/psychosocial-adaptation-and-depressive-manifestations-in-high-risk-pregnant-women-implications-for-clinical-practice
#17
Gamze Fiskin, Meltem Mecdi Kaydirak, Umran Yesiltepe Oskay
BACKGROUND: High-risk pregnancy research has focused primarily on psychological well-being. AIMS: The aim is to determine psychosocial adaptation and depression levels of pregnant women who were admitted to hospital with diagnosis of high-risk pregnancy. METHODS: This study was descriptive. Sampling was composed of 122 high-risk pregnant women who were hospitalized in the perinatology service of Istanbul University Medical School, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology between January 1, 2014, and May 31, 2014, and met the study criteria...
December 8, 2016: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930574/a-mesh-based-text-mining-method-for-identifying-novel-prebiotics
#18
Guangyu Shan, Yiming Lu, Bo Min, Wubin Qu, Chenggang Zhang
Prebiotics contribute to the well-being of their host by altering the composition of the gut microbiota. Discovering new prebiotics is a challenging and arduous task due to strict inclusion criteria; thus, highly limited numbers of prebiotic candidates have been identified. Notably, the large numbers of published studies may contain substantial information attached to various features of known prebiotics that can be used to predict new candidates. In this paper, we propose a medical subject headings (MeSH)-based text mining method for identifying new prebiotics with structured texts obtained from PubMed...
December 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930498/prazosin-in-children-and-adolescents-with-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-who-have-nightmares-a-systematic-review
#19
Adefolake Akinsanya, Raman Marwaha, Rajesh R Tampi
BACKGROUND: The aim of this systematic review was to identify published articles that evaluated the use of prazosin for treating nightmares in children and adolescents who have posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). PROCEDURES: A literature search was conducted of PubMed, MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Collaboration, and PsycINFO databases for published articles in any language that evaluated the use of prazosin for treating nightmares in the context of PTSD in children and adolescents using the following key words: PTSD, nightmares, prazosin, children, adolescents, trauma, and sleep...
December 7, 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929925/evaluation-of-factors-associated-with-death-in-patients-with-necrotizing-fasciitis-of-the-abdominal-wall
#20
Christian W Ertl, Nicole C Carpp, Jeffrey Johnson, Leandra Burke
BACKGROUND: Necrotizing fasciitis (NF) is a rapidly progressing, life-threatening soft tissue infection. The prognostic factors associated with death from abdominal wall NF are not well understood. METHODS: The medical records of 61 patients with abdominal wall NF were reviewed retrospectively. Demographic, co-morbidity, laboratory, and clinical data were collected and compared for patients who survived and who did not. RESULTS: Sixty-one patients met the inclusion criteria, with eight deaths (13...
December 8, 2016: Surgical Infections
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