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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677550/impacts-of-transportation-sector-emissions-on-future-u-s-air-quality-in-a-changing-climate-part-i-projected-emissions-simulation-design-and-model-evaluation
#1
Patrick Campbell, Yang Zhang, Fang Yan, Zifeng Lu, David Streets
Emissions from the transportation sector are rapidly changing worldwide; however, the interplay of such emission changes in the face of climate change are not as well understood. This two-part study examines the impact of projected emissions from the U.S. transportation sector (Part I) on ambient air quality in the face of climate change (Part II). In Part I of this study, we describe the methodology and results of a novel Technology Driver Model (see graphical abstract) that includes 1) transportation emission projections (including on-road vehicles, non-road engines, aircraft, rail, and ship) derived from a dynamic technology model that accounts for various technology and policy options under an IPCC emission scenario, and 2) the configuration/evaluation of a dynamically downscaled Weather Research and Forecasting/Community Multiscale Air Quality modeling system...
April 17, 2018: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676344/histopathological-pattern-of-thyroid-diseases-in-zaria-a-10-year-review
#2
Nasiru Raheem, Saad A Ahmed, Modupeola Oa Samaila
Context: Majority of the previous studies on thyroid diseases in Northern Nigeria focussed mainly on neoplastic lesions. The non-neoplastic lesions are more common and constitute more public health burdens. Aim: To determine the histopathological pattern of thyroid diseases in our region and compare our findings with similar studies in Nigeria and elsewhere. Settings and Design: This is a retrospective study carried out at the Department of Pathology, Ahmadu Bello University Teaching Hospital, Zaria, from January 2005 to December 2014 using specified criteria...
January 2018: Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676252/-completely-customized-lingual-orthodontics-to-correct-class-ii-malocclusion-in-adolescents
#3
Ons Alouini, Dirk Wiechmann
INTRODUCTION: Completely-customized lingual orthodontics is an efficient, predictable and esthetic solution for our patients. Adolescents showing a class II malocclusion represent the majority of patients in orthodontic practices. Several modes of treatment are available to correct this sagittal discrepancy such as inter-maxillary elastics, flexible or rigid protrusion devices, maxillary distalization using mini-screws or symmetric and asymmetric extractions. The choice depends on several decision criteria such as the severity of the malocclusion, the symmetry of the class II discrepancy as well as the age and the motivation of the patient...
March 2018: L' Orthodontie Française
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676204/neuromyelitis-optica-spectrum-disorder-mimicking-extensive-leukodystrophy
#4
Jonathan Ciron, Olivier Colin, Marie-Pierre Rosier, Soline Lapeyrie, Damien Biotti, David Brassat, Jean-Philippe Neau
Brain MRI was originally considered to appear normal in neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders (NMO-SD). Typical brain lesions are now well described and have been integrated in the latest revision of NMO-SD criteria, but the NMO-SD MRI pattern remains not yet comprehensive. We report here extensive white matter lesions (EWML) mimicking leukodystrophy in a 50-year-old woman with long-lasting anti-AQP4+ NMO-SD. We suggest that EWML could be a possible brain MRI presentation of NMO-SD patients.
April 1, 2018: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674967/no-acute-effects-of-cannabidiol-on-the-sleep-wake-cycle-of-healthy-subjects-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-crossover-study
#5
Ila M P Linares, Francisco S Guimaraes, Alan Eckeli, Ana C S Crippa, Antonio W Zuardi, Jose D S Souza, Jaime E Hallak, José A S Crippa
Cannabidiol (CBD) is a component of Cannabis sativa that has a broad spectrum of potential therapeutic effects in neuropsychiatric and other disorders. However, few studies have investigated the possible interference of CBD on the sleep-wake cycle. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of a clinically anxiolytic dose of CBD on the sleep-wake cycle of healthy subjects in a crossover, double-blind design. Twenty-seven healthy volunteers that fulfilled the eligibility criteria were selected and allocated to receive either CBD (300 mg) or placebo in the first night in a double-blind randomized design (one volunteer withdrew from the study)...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674186/pulmonary-hypertension-real-world-data-from-a-portuguese-expert-referral-centre
#6
A Gomes, C Cruz, J Rocha, M Ricardo, M Vicente, A Melo, M Santos, L Carvalho, F Gonçalves, A Reis
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is a heterogeneous, debilitating condition with highly relevant impact on functional capacity, quality of life, and life-expectancy. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to provide long-term data on the Portuguese PH population, by characterising the clinical presentation, evolution, and outcomes of PH patients in a specialised referral centre. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of a cohort of 101 patients with pre-capillary PH (pcPH) referenced to an expert tertiary care referral centre in northern Portugal from 2002 to 2013...
April 16, 2018: Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674158/economic-analysis-of-threatened-species-conservation-the-case-of-woodland-caribou-and-oilsands-development-in-alberta-canada
#7
Grant Hauer, W L Vic Adamowicz, Stan Boutin
Tradeoffs between cost and recovery targets for boreal caribou herds, threatened species in Alberta, Canada, are examined using a dynamic cost minimization model. Unlike most approaches used for minimizing costs of achieving threatened species targets, we incorporate opportunity costs of surface (forests) and subsurface resources (energy) as well as direct costs of conservation (habitat restoration and direct predator control), into a forward looking model of species protection. Opportunity costs of conservation over time are minimized with an explicit target date for meeting species recovery targets; defined as the number of self-sustaining caribou herds, which requires that both habitat and population targets are met by a set date...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673721/-prevalence-of-mental-disorders-in-the-general-population-of-burkina-faso
#8
A Ouédraogo, J G Ouango, K Karfo, P Goumbri, D Nanéma, B Sawadogo
OBJECTIVES: To determine, with the use of the Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI), the prevalence of mental disorders in the general population of Burkina Faso; To identify the factors associated with the occurrence of these disorders. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional descriptive and analytical survey of a representative sample of the general population aged 18 years and over (n=2587). The only non-inclusion criterion was absence from the place of residence during the investigation period for whatever reason...
April 16, 2018: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673604/concurrence-of-big-data-analytics-and-healthcare-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
Nishita Mehta, Anil Pandit
BACKGROUND: The application of Big Data analytics in healthcare has immense potential for improving the quality of care, reducing waste and error, and reducing the cost of care. PURPOSE: This systematic review of literature aims to determine the scope of Big Data analytics in healthcare including its applications and challenges in its adoption in healthcare. It also intends to identify the strategies to overcome the challenges. DATA SOURCES: A systematic search of the articles was carried out on five major scientific databases: ScienceDirect, PubMed, Emerald, IEEE Xplore and Taylor & Francis...
June 2018: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673426/statins-and-musculoskeletal-conditions-in-u-s-air-force-active-duty-aviators
#10
Anthony P Tvaryanas, Joseph H Wagner, Genny M Maupin
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to examine the association of statin use and musculoskeletal conditions within the population of U.S. Air Force active duty aviators. METHODS: The study was a retrospective cohort analysis of aviators between 2004-2014 as identified from personnel data. Based on pharmacy data, participants were divided into two groups: statin users (received a statin for at least 90 d) and nonusers (never received a statin throughout the study period)...
May 1, 2018: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672737/prevalence-persistence-and-clinical-correlations-of-classic-and-novel-antiphospholipid-antibodies-in-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#11
Tess Marchetti, Camillo Ribi, Thomas Perneger, Marten Trendelenburg, Uyen Huynh-Do, Philippe de Moerloose, Carlo Chizzolini
Objectives: aPL are frequently present in SLE. In a well characterized SLE cohort we aimed at investigating the prevalence of aPL and assessing their analytical performance and clinical association by testing criteria specificities including LA, aCL IgG and IgM, anti-β2-glycoprotein 1 (antiβ2GP1) IgG and IgM, as well as the non-criteria aPS-PT IgG and IgM and anti-β2GP1 domain 1 (aD1) IgG. Methods: We included 178 patients satisfying the ACR SLE classification criteria, from whom 283 samples and thrombotic events were collected longitudinally...
April 17, 2018: Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672431/case-of-primary-isolated-subconjunctival-igg4-related-disease
#12
Hyo Seok Lee, Won Choi, Ga Eon Kim, Kyung Chul Yoon
PURPOSE: To report a case of isolated subconjunctival ocular adnexal IgG4-related disease that met the diagnostic criteria according to the Japanese Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare's 2011 guidelines. METHODS: We report a case of a 56-year-old woman with a left subconjunctival mass for 3 months. Excisional biopsy was performed. Postoperatively, the patient underwent systemic and radiologic evaluations for IgG4-related disease. RESULTS: The clinicopathologic study revealed storiform fibrosis and lymphoplasmacytic infiltration, with increased IgG4-positive plasma cells and an IgG4/IgG-positive plasma cell ratio of 40%...
April 18, 2018: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672420/the-arrival-of-robotics-in-spine-surgery-a-review-of-the-literature
#13
Alexander Ghasem, Akhil Sharma, Dylan N Greif, Milad Alam, Motasem Al Maaieh
STUDY DESIGN: Systematic Review. OBJECTIVE: The authors aim to review comparative outcome measures between robotic and free-hand spine surgical procedures including: accuracy of spinal instrumentation, radiation exposure, operative time, hospital stay, and complication rates. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Misplacement of pedicle screws in conventional open as well as minimally invasive surgical procedures has prompted the need for innovation and allowed the emergence of robotics in spine surgery...
April 18, 2018: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672402/postoperative-surgical-site-infections-understanding-the-discordance-between-surveillance-systems
#14
Mariam N Ali-Mucheru, Maria T Seville, Vickie Miller, Priya Sampathkumar, David A Etzioni
OBJECTIVE: To characterize agreement in the ascertainment of surgical site infections (SSIs) between the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP), National Healthcare Safety Network (NHSN), and administrative data. BACKGROUND: The NSQIP, NHSN, and administrative data are the primary systems used to monitor and report SSIs for the purpose of quality control and benchmarking of hospitals and surgeons. These systems have different methods for identifying SSIs...
April 18, 2018: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671516/vaginitis-diagnosis-and-treatment
#15
Heather L Paladine, Urmi A Desai
Vaginitis is defined as any condition with symptoms of abnormal vaginal discharge, odor, irritation, itching, or burning. The most common causes of vaginitis are bacterial vaginosis, vulvovaginal candidiasis, and trichomoniasis. Bacterial vaginosis is implicated in 40% to 50% of cases when a cause is identified, with vulvovaginal candidiasis accounting for 20% to 25% and trichomoniasis for 15% to 20% of cases. Noninfectious causes, including atrophic, irritant, allergic, and inflammatory vaginitis, are less common and account for 5% to 10% of vaginitis cases...
March 1, 2018: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671169/spirituality-in-the-lives-of-patients-with-end-stage-renal-disease-a-systematic-review
#16
Suhair Hussni Al-Ghabeesh, Ali Ahmad Alshraifeen, Ahmad Rajeh Saifan, Ibraheem Hassan Bashayreh, Karimeh Mousa Alnuaimi, Haya Ali Masalha
The aim of this systematic review was to answer these questions: What does spirituality means to patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD)? And are there associations between spirituality and the health outcomes and general well-being of patients with ESRD? Thirty-three studies met the review criteria. Meaning of spirituality for patients with ESRD and spirituality in the lives of patients with ESRD were the main themes emerged. There is growing evidence that suggests a positive relationship between spirituality and the health outcomes and well-being of ESRD patients...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671086/the-nrp1-migraine-risk-variant-shows-evidence-of-association-with-menstrual-migraine
#17
Charmaine E Pollock, Heidi G Sutherland, Bridget H Maher, Rodney A Lea, Larisa M Haupt, Alison Frith, E Anne MacGregor, Lyn R Griffiths
BACKGROUND: In 2016, a large meta-analysis brought the number of susceptibility loci for migraine to 38. While sub-type analysis for migraine without aura (MO) and migraine with aura (MA) found some loci showed specificity to MO, the study did not test the loci with respect to other subtypes of migraine. This study aimed to test the hypothesis that single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) robustly associated with migraine are individually or collectively associated with menstrual migraine (MM)...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Headache and Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670990/lights-and-shadows-about-health-claims-analysis-of-food-labels-in-a-field-survey-in-florence
#18
G Bonaccorsi, M Chellini, M Bertini, D Salvi, C Lorini
BACKGROUND: Health claims (HC) are those statements on food labels that state, suggest, or imply that a relationship exists between a food category, a food product, or one of its constituents, and health of consumer. The European legislation on the use of HC aims to encourage responsible consumption by people. The aim of this study is to assess the adherence of HC to EU norms in foodstuffs sold in the large-scale retail distribution in Florence. METHODS: Two independent researchers have separately selected and assessed the foodstuffs with HC sold in at least two of four supermarkets identified randomly in Florence...
May 2018: Annali di Igiene: Medicina Preventiva e di Comunità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669707/a-web-based-decision-tool-to-improve-contraceptive-counseling-for-women-with-chronic-medical-conditions-protocol-for-a-mixed-methods-implementation-study
#19
Justine P Wu, Laura J Damschroder, Michael D Fetters, Brian J Zikmund-Fisher, Benjamin F Crabtree, Shawna V Hudson, Mack T Ruffin Iv, Juliana Fucinari, Minji Kang, L Susan Taichman, John W Creswell
BACKGROUND: Women with chronic medical conditions, such as diabetes and hypertension, have a higher risk of pregnancy-related complications compared with women without medical conditions and should be offered contraception if desired. Although evidence based guidelines for contraceptive selection in the presence of medical conditions are available via the United States Medical Eligibility Criteria (US MEC), these guidelines are underutilized. Research also supports the use of decision tools to promote shared decision making between patients and providers during contraceptive counseling...
April 18, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669569/an-international-delphi-survey-for-the-definition-of-the-variables-for-the-development-of-new-classification-criteria-for-periodic-fever-aphtous-stomatitis-pharingitis-cervical-adenitis-pfapa
#20
Federica Vanoni, Silvia Federici, Jordi Antón, Karyl S Barron, Paul Brogan, Fabrizio De Benedetti, Fatma Dedeoglu, Erkan Demirkaya, Veronique Hentgen, Tilmann Kallinich, Ronald Laxer, Ricardo Russo, Natasa Toplak, Yosef Uziel, Alberto Martini, Nicolino Ruperto, Marco Gattorno, Michael Hofer
BACKGROUND: Diagnosis of Periodic fever, aphthous stomatitis, pharyngitis and cervical adenitis (PFAPA) is currently based on a set of criteria proposed in 1999 modified from Marshall's criteria. Nevertheless no validated evidence based set of classification criteria for PFAPA has been established so far. The aim of this study was to identify candidate classification criteria PFAPA syndrome using international consensus formation through a Delphi questionnaire survey. METHODS: A first open-ended questionnaire was sent to adult and pediatric clinicians/researchers, asking to identify the variables thought most likely to be helpful and relevant for the diagnosis of PFAPA...
April 18, 2018: Pediatric Rheumatology Online Journal
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